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Muhammad is not the father of any man among you, but he is the Apostle of God, and the seal of the prophets: and God knoweth all things.
(Surih XXXIII, "The Confederates", v. 40) [33:40]
And there arose not a prophet since in Israel like unto Moses ...
They say unto the blind man again, what sayeth thou of him, that he hath opened shine eyes? He said, He is a prophet.
(St. John 9:17)
For Jesus himself testified, that a prophet hath no honor in his own country.
(St. John 4:44)
And commemorate Moses in "the Book;" for he was a man of purity: moreover he was an Apostle, a Prophet:
From the right side of the mountain we called to him, and caused him to draw nigh to us for secret converse:
And we bestowed on him in our mercy his brother Aaron, a Prophet.
(Surih XIX "Mary", vv. 52-54) [19:52-54]
And when I revealed unto the Apostles, "Believe on me and on my Sent One, " they said, "We believe; and bear thou witness that we are Muslims. "
(Surih V: "The Table", v. 111) [5:111]
The children of Israel were governed by Prophets. Whenever a Prophet passed away, another succeeded Him. But there shall be no Prophets to succeed Me; rather there will be Caliphs (or Imams).
Verily the 'Ulama of My people are more exalted than the Prophets of the children of Israel.
We should believe in the Prophets and the Apostles of God, each and all. The distinction characterizing the two categories lies in this: that the Apostle of God is He Who brings the law, while the Prophets are reared under the law brought by the Apostles of God. Hence each Apostle is simultaneously a Prophet, whereas a Prophet is not endued with the same characteristics of the Apostle.
We have not sent any apostle or prophet before thee, among whose desires Satan injected not some wrong desire, but God shall bring to nought that which Satan had suggested Thus shall God affirm His revelations for God is Knowing, Wise! (Surih XXII, "The Pilgrimage" v. 51) [22:51]
And this is evident proof of the established difference between an Apostle and a Prophet contrary to what they say that they are the same. When the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon Him, was asked as to how many Prophets were there, He answered: "Hundred and twenty four thousand." They again asked as to how many of them were Apostles; and He answered: "Three hundred and thirteen, plenty!" The difference between them is that the Apostle is One Who brings a Book in addition to the miracle with which He is supported. As to the Prophet, He does not bring Book, but rather follows and promotes the then existing Law. It is also said that an Apostle is the Founder of the Law, whereas the Prophet is the Promulgator and Guardian of that Law.
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