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Bahá'í Chronology: years 191-

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191-

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1910 The passing of Hand of the Cause of God Hájí Mullá ‘Alí-Akbar-i-Shahmírzádí, (Hájí Akhund). He was born in Shahmírzád around 1842/3.
  • Bahá’u’lláh had entrusted him with the sacred task of moving and hiding the remains of the Báb. In Tehran he transferred the remains to Hand of the Cause Amínu’l-Bayán who moved them through innumerable dangers to a safe hiding place in the Mosque of the Imámzádih Zayd in Tehran, where they lay concealed until the time when, at the behest of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá, they were transferred to the Holy Land to be laid in their permanent resting place on the slopes of Mount Carmel. [Message from the Universal House of Justice dated 25 March, 1985]
  • He was appointed a Hand of the Cause by Bahá’u’lláh. [LoF3-8]
Tihrán; Tehran; Shahmírzád; Hand appointed by Baha'u'llah; In Memoriam; Haji Mulla ‘Ali-Akbar-i-Shahmirzadi; Haji Akhund; Hand of the Cause of God
1910 c. Ghodsea Khanoum Ashraf (Qudsíyyih Ashraf) arrives in the United States, the first Persian woman to travel to the country. [BFA2:358]
  • See Ahmad Sohrab's letter to her in SW6, 10:77–9.
USA Ghodsea Khanoum Ashraf (Qudsiyyih Ashraf); Ahmad Sohrab The first Persian woman to travel in the USA.
1910 Charles Mason Remey and Howard Struven arrive in Shanghai and meet with Áqá Mírzá `Abdu'l-Baqí Yazdí. They are probably the first Bahá'ís from the West to go to China. [PH25] Shanghai Charles Mason Remey; Howard Struven; Áqa Mirza `Abdu'l-Baqi Yazdi First Bahá'ís from West to go to China
1910 Within a year of her arrival Dr. Susan Moody opens the Tarbíyat School for Girls in Tihrán. [BBD221–2; BFA2:360–1]
  • Miss Lillian Kappes of Hoboken, New Jersey arrives in December of 1911 to serve as a teacher. She died on the 1st of December, 1920 and was replaced by Genevieve Coy in 1922. and was followed by Adelaide Sharp in 1929 who was joined by her mother, Clara Sharp in 1931. [BFA2p361]
Tehran Tarbiyat School for Girls; Dr. Susan Moody; Miss Lillian Kappes; Genevieve Coy; Adelaide Sharp; Clara Sharp; Dr Susan Moody First Tarbíyat School for Girls
1910 The publication of The Oriental Rose, or, The teachings of 'Abdu'l-Bahá which trace the chart of "The Shining Pathway" by Mary Hanford Finney Ford.
  • See page 158-159 for her pen portrait of 'Abdu'l-Bahá.
New York; NY Mary Hanford Finney Ford; Mary Hanford Ford; The Oriental Rose
1910 8 Jan The Persian-American Educational Society is inaugurated in Washington DC. [BFA2:XVII; 355–8]
  • Its primary purpose is to assist the Tarbíyat School in Iran. [BFA2:357]
Washington DC.; Iran Persian-American Educational Society; Tarbiyat School
1910 4 Mar Hand of the Cause of God `Alí-Akhar-i-Shahmírzádí (Hájí Ákhúnd) passes away in Tihrán. [BBD14; EB266] Tihrán `Ali-Akhar-i-Shahmirzadi (Haji Ákhund); Hand of the Cause of God; In Memoriam
1910 21 Mar The first issue of the Bahá'í News is published in Chicago. [BFA2:XVII; BW10:179]
  • See BFA2:320–2, BW8:927 and SBBH1:116–17 for the magazine's development.
  • It is the first Bahá'í magazine published in the West. [BBD2 14]
  • Star of the West is published as Bahá'í News (Volume 1, Issues 1-19 from 21 March, 1910 until 2 March, 1911) and later under Star of the West /The Bahá'í Magazine (Volume 2 to Volume 25, 21 March, 1911 until 25 March,1935).
  • Its editors were Albert Windust and Gertrude Buikema. Others involved with its publication over its history were Albert and Emily Vail, Dr. Zia Bagdadi, Ahmad Sohrab, Edna M. True; with Horace Holley and Stanwood Cobb being singled out as early contributors. [Duane Troxel]

Star of the West Published March 1910 to April 1935
          URL   (For cut 'n' paste)  
         Volume # / Dates (links)   
Vol 1 (Mar 1910) - Vol 10 (Mar 1920)
Vol 11 (Mar 1920) - Vol 20 (Mar 1930)
Vol 21 (Apr 1930) - Vol 25 (Apr 1935)

For an access to the Star of the West archives see http://www.starofthewest.info/. This site is not searchable.

Chicago; IL; Star of the West; Baha'i News; Baha'i Magazine First issue of Bahá'í News; first Bahá'í magazine
1910 10 May Talk by 'Abdu'l-Bahá in Haifa to some American pilgrims. Haifa;
1910 13 May Talk by 'Abdu'l-Bahá in Haifa to to a number of Jewish, Zoroastrian, Christian and Mohammedan Bahais. Haifa;
1910 Aug Having moved all His family to Haifa, `Abdu'l-Bahá Himself moves from the House of `Abdu'lláh Páshá to His new home at 7 Haparsim (Persian) Street, Haifa. [BBD13, 107; DH145] Haifa House of `Abdu'l-Baha
1910 8 Aug Birth of Mary Sutherland Maxwell, Amatu'l-Bahá Rúhíyyih Khánum, Hand of the Cause of God, in New York City. New York City Mary Sutherland Maxwell; Amatu'l-Baha Ruhiyyih Khanum; Hand of the Cause of God
1910 10 Aug `Abdu'l-Bahá departs for Egypt, accompanied by two attendants, Mírzá Munír-i-Zayn and 'Abdu'l-Husayn. [BBRXXX; GPB280, AB134-135, Bahá'í News #12 16Oct1910 pg206]
  • See the Message from the Universal House of Justice dated August 29, 2010.
  • GPB280 says he departed in September.
  • After one month in Port Said He embarks for Europe but turns back to Alexandria owing to His health. [GPB280]
  • He stays for a few days in the Victoria Hotel but then moves to a rented house in Ramleh, a suburb of Alexandria, where He stays for about one year. [GPB280, AB136]
  • Early in May of 1911 he moves to Cairo and takes up residence in nearby Zaytún. [AB138]
  • It was during this period that a sudden change occurred. Journalist who had previously been hostile towards Him took a new tone. [AB136]
  • The Russian poet Isabel Grinevsky, the Oriental Secretary of the British Agency, Ronald Storrs, Lord Kitchener, George Zaydán, eminent writer and celebrated editor as well as clerics, aristocrats, administrators, parliamentarians, men of letters, journalists and publicists, Arabs, Turks and Persians all seek out His company and meet Him. This period could be considered the first public proclamation of the Faith. [MRHK348, AB136-139]
  • See AB138-139 for a description of His triumphs during this period.
Ramleh; Egypt Isabel Grinevsky The first public proclamation of the Faith.
1910 20 Sep Muhammad-Ja`far-i-Sabbágh is martyred at Najafábád. [BW18:387] Najafabad Muhammad-Ja`far-i-Sabbagh; Iranian persecution
1911 A systematic teaching campaign is launched in India with the assistance of two American women and a 19-member teaching council is elected. [BBRSM:194 220]

India; teaching council
1911 Mírzá Ibráhím Khán, Ibtiháju'l-Mulk is killed near Rasht. [BW18:387] Rasht; Mirza Ibrahim Khan; Ibtihaju'l-Mulk; persecution
1911 3 May Aurelia Bethlen, a Hungarian who had come to the United States in 1892 and had become a Bahá'í in New York City about 1905-6, departs from San Francisco on the first around the world teaching trip undertaken by a Bahá'í woman. [BFA2:351–3] San Francisco; Hungary Aurelia Bethlen; travel teaching First around the world teaching trip by Bahá'í woman
1911 15 May Talk by 'Abdu'l-Bahá in Haifa on the day of the commemoration of the Báb's Declaration. Haifa;
1911 18 May Talk by 'Abdu'l-Bahá in Haifa to to Mr. Charles Mason Remey and Mr. Howard C. Struven on the day of their departure. Haifa;
1911 26 - 29 Jul The First Universal Races Congress was held at the University of London. It was the first important conference in which the British Bahá'ís participated. It was an international symposium on the theme of the brotherhood of humankind and attracted leading politicians, theologians and scholars from the whole of the British Empire and from Europe as well as North America. During the Congress itself there were several presentations from Bahá'ís including the reading of a letter from 'Abdu'l-Bahá who was in Egypt at the time. [NBAD45]
  • 'Abdu'l-Bahá's Letter.
  • A bibliography of the presentions, papers and contributions and secondary literature by Ralph Dumain can be found here.
London; Universal Races Congress; Marion Jack first important conference in which the British Bahá'ís participated.
1911 Aug Hájí Muhammad-Taqí Afnán, Vakílu'd-Dawlih, the cousin of the Báb largely responsible for the building of the House of Worship in `Ishqábád, is buried in the newly acquired Bahá'í cemetery in Haifa, the earliest recorded burial in the cemetery. [BBD51; DH182] Haifa Haji Muhammad-Taqi Afnan; Vakilu'd-Dawlih; Baha'i cemetery; Mashriqu'l-Adhkar First known use of the Bahá'í Cemetery in Haifa.
1911 11 Aug The beginning of `Abdu'l-Bahá's first Western tour. [AB139]
  • `Abdu'l-Bahá departs from Egypt with a party of four on the S. S. Corsica for Marseilles, Thonon-les-Bains and London. [AB139; GPB280; SBR22]
  • Subsequent research has shown that the ship was not the S.S. Corsica as stated in GPB280 but rather the L'Orenoque. See 'Abdu'l-Bahá in Paris page 6 note 47.
  • See BW1:130 for a list of cities He visits between 1911 and 1913.
Egypt; Marseilles; Thonon-les-Bains; London S. S. Corsica; First Western tour by `Abdu'l-Baha' First Western tour by `Abdu'l-Bahá'
1911 Star of the West volumes chronicle both the first and second Western journeys of `Abdu'l-Bahá. Star of the West; First Western tour by `Abdu'l-Baha' First Western journey of `Abdu'l-Bahá
1911 22 Aug - 3 Sep `Abdu'l-Bahá stops briefly at Thonon-les-Bains on Lake Leman. [AB140; GPB280; SBR219]
  • While there He encountered Zillu's-Sultán, the eldest son of the Sháh of the time, Násirid-Dín Sháh. It was he who had ratified the execution of the King of Martyrs and the Beloved of Martyrs and at least 100 others. The whole family was in exile in Geneva at the time. 'Abdu'l-Bahá was very courteous to this man who had been such an enemy of the Cause. [DJT172] .
  • The Master sent for Juliet Thompson who had been waiting in London for His permission to join Him.
  • During His stay he had a visit from Annie Boylan, a member of the New York community that was experiencing disharmony. Unaware of Bahá'í election procedures, a group that was unhappy with the disunity and ineffectiveness of the Council had organized a vote to be rid of several of its Council members. 'Abdu'l-Bahá had written to the community a short time before recommending that the Council be expanded from 9 to 27 members so that all factions could be represented. He also recommended that women be included on the Council and that the name be changed to "the Spiritual Assembly of the Bahá'ís of New York". This apparently addressed the problem of disunity because the New York community went on to contribute significantly to the progress of the Faith on a national level. [DJT181, BFA2p338]
  • Horace Holley, who lived at Quattro Torri, Siena, Italy at the time, along with his wife Bertha Herbert and baby daughter Hertha, visited 'Abdu'l-Bahá on the 29th and 30th of August. Please see his Religion for Mankind p 232-237 for a pen portrait of 'Abdu'l-Bahá.
  • He met with Elizabeth Stewart and Lilian Kappes who were on their way to Tehran. [find reference]
  • It would appear that He returned to Marseilles and travelled to London by sea. [SCU22-23]
Thonon-les-Bains; Lake Leman; Siena; Italy First Western tour by `Abdu'l-Baha'; New York Council; Zillu's-Sultan; Juliet Thompson; Annie Boylan; Boilin' Annie; Horace Holley; Bertha Holley; Hertha Holley; Elizabeth Stewart; Lilian Kappes
1911 4 Sep `Abdu'l-Bahá arrives in London accompanied by His secretary, Mírzá Mahmúd and Khusraw, His servant. [ABL53, AB140; GBP280; SBR22, 148, BW4p378, In the Footsteps of the Master p.5]
  • CH149 says He arrived 8 September and 3 September as per the UK Bahá'í site.
  • Those Bahá'ís who assembled to meet him were listed as: Lady Blomfield (in whose home at 97 Cadogan Gardens He stayed), Mrs Thornburg-Cropper, Miss Ethel Rosenberg, Miss Gamble, Miss Herrick, Mrs Scaramucci, Miss Elsie Lee, Mr Catanach, Mr Cuthbert, Mr and Mrs Jenner, Miss Yandell, Miss Julia Culver, Mrs Stannard, Mr and Mrs Eric Hammond, The Rev Harrold Johnston, The Rev Cooper Hunt, Miss Juliet Thompson, Mrs Louise Waite, Mrs Movius, Mrs Claudia Coles, Mr Mountfort Mills, Mr Mason Remey and Miss Drake Wright. Mr and Mrs Dreyfus-Barney provided translation. In addition there were a number of Persians who took the opportunity to meet Him. [BW4p377]
  • As described by Lady Blomfield those who came to see him were: "Ministers and missionaries, Oriental scholars and occult students practical men of affairs and mystics, Anglican-Catholics and Nonconformists, Theosophists and Hindus, Christian Scientists and doctors of medicine, Muslims, Buddhists, and Zoroastrians. There also called: politicians, Salvation Army soldiers, and other workers for human good, women suffragists, journalists, writers, poets and healers dress-makers and great ladies, artists and artisans, poor workless people and prosperous merchants, members of the dramatic and musical world, these all came; and none were too lowly nor too great to receive the sympathetic consideration of this holy Messenger, who was ever giving His life for others' good." In addition there was a representation from the Bramo-Somaj Society, a Hindu reform group. [CH150-152]
  • See BW4p377 where Lady Blomfield reports that Prince Jalalu'd-Dawlih entreated to be received by 'Abdu'l-Bahá and when in His presence fell prostrate and implored pardon for his crimes. (see 1891 19 May) [BW4p377]
  • Among the list of visitors were: Professor Edward Granville Browne, Mr Tudor-Pole, Emmeline Pankhurst, a British political activist and leader of the British suffragette movement who helped women win the right to vote. [BW4p377]
  • See BW4p381 for the story of a homeless, suicidal man who had seen a picture of 'Abdu'l-Bahá in a newspaper in a shop window.
  • See BW4p382-383 for the story of the persistent journalist who imposed upon the appointment of two ladies from Scotland who had journeyed all that day and intended to make the return voyage that same evening.
  • For details of His stay in England see AB140–58 and GPB283–5.
  • It is implied that 'Abdu'l-Bahá was attended by Dr Lutfu-lláh Hakím while in London. [BW4p380]
  • During His stay in London 'Abdu'l-Bahá received death threats by anonymous letter and he was advised to give up He planned journey to Egypt. He ignored them. [BW4p 387]
  • During His stay in London He has professional photographs of Himself taken. "...to have a picture of oneself is to emphasise the personality, which is merely the lamp, and is quite unimportant. The light burning with the lamp has the only real significance." [SBR25, BW4p383-384]
London First Western tour by `Abdu'l-Baha'; Mrs Thornburg-Cropper; Miss Ethel Rosenberg; Miss Gamble; Miss Herrick; Mrs Scaramucci; Miss Elsie Lee; Mr Catanach; Mr Cuthbert; Mr and Mrs Jenner; Miss Yandell; Miss Julia Culver; Mrs Stannard; Mr and Mrs Eric Hammond; The Rev Harrold Johnston; The Rev Cooper Hunt; Miss Juliet Thompson; Mrs Louise Waite; Mrs Movius; Mrs Claudia Coles; Mr Mountfort Mills; Mr Mason Reme; Miss Drake Wright. Mr and Mrs Dreyfus-Barney; Jalalu'd-Din-Dawlih; Mirza Mahmud; Khusraw; Professor Edward Granville Browne; Mr Tudor-Pole; Emmeline Pankhurst
1911 5 Sep ‘Abdu’l-Bahá was interviewed by the editor of The Christian Commonwealth, Mr Albert Dawson, and later met with the Rev R. J. Campbell. The Christian Commonwealth was a weekly newspaper. On 13 September it printed, on its front cover, an article which included the interview between ‘Abdu’l-Bahá and Rev R. J. Campbell that had taken place on 5 September. The following week the front cover had another article, entitled ‘The Vanishing of the Veil’, about ‘Abdu’lBahá’s visit to St John’s, Westminster. Other issues also had substantial articles about His visits. [In the Footsteps of the Master p.7] London First Western tour by `Abdu'l-Baha'; Albert Dawson; Rev R J Campbell; The Christian Commonwealth
1911 8 Sep 'Abdu’l-Bahá visited the home of Miss Ethel Jenner Rosenberg for a Unity meeting at White Lodge, 8 Sunnyside, Wimbledon (since demolished). [ABL44-45, In the Footsteps of the Master p.9] London; First Western tour by `Abdu'l-Baha; Miss E J Rosenberg
1911 9 Sep ‘Abdu’l-Bahá visited the home of Mrs Thornburgh-Cropper at 31 Evelyn Mansions, Carlisle Place, Victoria.

In the afternoon ‘Abdu’l-Bahá visited the home of Miss Anett Schepel and Miss Alice Buckton, Vanners, Byfleet, Surrey (since demolished), some 20 miles out of London. He spoke with a number of working women from the Passmore Edwards' Settlement who were visiting while on holidays. (The Passmore Edwards' Settlement began in 1890 as one of the first “settlements” run by socially-conscious middle-class educators for the benefit of local working people and their children.)

Alice Mary Buckton (1867-1944) wrote many plays and poems. Her play Eager Heart was seen by ‘Abdu’l-Bahá on His second visit to England. She became a member of the Froebelian Society which was formed to reform educational methods. She persuaded Anett Schepel who had worked at Pestalozzi-Froebel Haus in Germany to move to England and together they worked to improve child education, opening a school in St John’s Wood. [ABL85-86, In the Footsteps of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá p9-10]

Byfleet; Passmore Edwards' Settlement; First Western tour by `Abdu'l-Baha'; Anett Schepel; Alice Buckton
1911 10 Sep `Abdu'l-Bahá gives His first public address in the West in the City Temple Church in Holborn, London to an audience of over 2,000 people. He proclaimed that “This is a new cycle of human power…the gift of God in this enlightened age is the knowledge of the oneness of mankind and the fundamental oneness of religion.” [ABL17-20, AB140; BW2:227; GPB283–4, In the Footsteps of 'Abdu'l-Bahá p11]
  • He spoke at the invitation of The Reverend R J Campbell. Mr.Wellesly Tudor-Pole read the translation. [CH154]
    • For the text of His talk see AB140–2.
    • For the words He wrote in the pulpit Bible see AB145. The church was bombed in World War II and the pulpit Bible was destroyed. The church was rebuilt in 1958.
    • For a photo see BWNS792.
  • London City Temple; public address; First Western tour by `Abdu'l-Baha' first public address in West by `Abdu'l-Bahá
    1911 13 Sep Mrs Thornburgh-Cropper gave a reception for ‘Abdu’l-Bahá at her home 31 Evelyn Mansions, Carlisle Place, Victoria for about 45 people. [ABS46-47, In the Footsteps of 'Abdu'l-Bahá p12]
    • Note: Star of the West Vol. II No. 11, records this meeting as having taken place on 12th September.
    London First Western tour by `Abdu'l-Baha'; Mrs Thornburg-Cropper
    1911 17 Sep `Abdu'l-Bahá addresses the congregation of St John's, Westminster, His second address to a Western audience. He also met with members of the Salvation Army who were singing outside. [ABL21-25, AB145; SBR8, In the Footsteps of 'Abdu'l-Bahá p13]
    • For text of His talk see AB147–8.
    • He spoke at the invitation of Archdeacon of Westminster, Albert Wilberforce, grandson of famed abolitionist William Wilberforce. The invitation had been extended to Him during a private audience in the home of lady Blomfield. [CH153-154]
    • 'Abdu'l-Bahá sent an invitation to the Archdeacon asking him to meet with Him. He turned Him down with a message, "We are all one behind the veil." 'Abdu'l-Bahá replied, "...and the veil is thinning quite." When Wilberforce met with 'Abdu'l-Bahá he found that there was no separation between them. [Ahmad Sohrab's Diary - The Great Tour p99]
    • See also Star of the West Vol. II No. 12, p. 12.
    London St John's; Westminster; First Western tour by `Abdu'l-Baha'
    1911 22 Sep ‘Abdu’l-Bahá visited the home of Misses Marion Jack and Elizabeth Herrick, at 10 Cheniston Gardens, Wright's Lane (sometimes given as 137a High Street, Kensington. About 80 people were present. [ABL48-49, In the Footsteps of 'Abdu'l-Bahá p14]
    • The talk was stenographically recorded and published as Discourse by 'Abdu'l-Bahá at the Unity Meeting of Misses Jack and Herrick. September 22nd, 1911. For full text see NBAD233-234.
    London First Western tour by `Abdu'l-Baha'; Elizabeth Herrrick; Marion Jack
    1911 23–25 Sep Abdu’l-Bahá travelled by train from London to Bristol going from Paddington to Bristol Temple Meads. He stayed at the Clifton Guest House at 17 Royal Crescent which was owned by Major Wellesley Tudor Pole. He departed for London by train on the morning of the 25th of September. [AB156, ABL81-84, In the Footsteps of 'Abdu'l-Bahá p15-16]
    • See also Star of the West Vol II No. 12.
    Bristol First Western tour by Abdul-Baha; Wellesley Tudor-Pole
    1911 28 Sep 'Abdu'l-Bahá visited Byfleet for a second time by motorcar. He stayed the night and returned the evening of the next day. [ABL86, 99, In the Footsteps of 'Abdu'l-Bahá p.17]
    • Mrs Thornburgh Cropper had place her motorcar at His service. She and Ethel Rosenberg who had visited Him in 'Akká were lovingly attentive to Him. [BW4p384]
    Byfleet; First Western tour by `Abdu'l-Baha'
    1911 29 Sep A farewell reception was given for 'Abdu'l-Bahá in the hall of the Passmore Edwards' Settlement in Tavistock Place. It was attended by a capacity crowd of some 460 people. [ABL31-39, In the Footsteps of 'Abdu'l-Bahá p.18] Byfleet; Passmore Edwards' Settlement; First Western tour by `Abdu'l-Baha'
    1911 30 Sep `Abdu'l-Bahá addresses the Theosophical Society in London, His last talk in England on this visit. He met the Theosophical society at their new Headquarters at the express request of their president Mrs. Annie Besant. After a general history of the movement and sympathetic words of welcome by Mr. A. P. Sinnett, ‘Abdu’l-Bahá rose and delivered to the crowded assembly an address upon the distinctive notes of the Bahá’í teaching, warmly commending the eagerness of the Society in its search for Truth. [ABL26-30, 58 AB152, In the Footsteps of 'Abdu'l-Bahá p.19] London Theosophical Society; First Western tour by `Abdu'l-Baha'; Annie Besant
    1911 1 Oct A young Persian couple asked 'Abdu'l-Bahá to marry them. The union was blessed at the Higher Thought Centre, 10 Cheniston Gardens, Kensington. The bride, Regina Núr Mahal Khánum, had travelled from Baghdad to meet and marry her bridegroom, Mírzá Yuhanna Dáwud. [AB:77, In the Footsteps of 'Abdu'l-Bahá p.20] London First Western tour by `Abdu'l-Baha'
    1911 2 Oct Abdu’l-Bahá breakfasted with the Lord Mayor of London at the Mansion House, City of London. The Lord Major of London at the time of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s visit was Sir Thomas Vezey Strong (1858- 1920). He was a teetotaler and a temperance advocate. He traded in paper and was the holder of a number of honours. [In the Footsteps of 'Abdu'l-Bahá p.20] London First Western tour by `Abdu'l-Baha; Mayor of London; Thomas Vezey Strong
    1911 3 Oct `Abdu'l-Bahá leaves London for Paris. [AB154; SBR25, In the Footsteps of 'Abdu'l-Bahá p22]
    • See ABL113 for details of His last day in London. He left from Victoria Station.
    • He was accompanied by many Bahá'ís from England who attended many of the public meeting at which He spoke in Paris. This group included Marion Jack. [NBAD47]
    • He remains in Paris for nine weeks. [AB159; GPB280]
    • For details of His visit see AB159–68.
    • For `Abdu'l-Bahá's talks given in Paris see PT.
    London; Paris First Western tour by `Abdu'l-Baha'; Marion Jack
    1911 15 Oct In the morning 'Abdu'l-Bahá gives a talk at His apartment at #4 Avenue de Camoens. During the talk Muhammad Qazvíní and Siyyid Hasan Taqízásih entered the room. The former had written an introduction for and was the force behind the publication of Kitáb-i-Nuqtatu'l-Káf, a book that supposedly was an early history of the Faith but in reality was heavily biased to the the views of Mírzá Yahya. 'Abdu'l-Bahá had had Mírzá Abdu'l-Fadl write a refutation. Both men had additional dinner engagements with 'Abdu'l-Bahá during His visit. ['Abdu'l- Bahá's Meetings with Two Prominent Iranians, World Order, Fall 1998 Vol 30, no 1 pp35-46]

    In the afternoon all are invited to meet Him at #22 rue Seeden Rollin pre Saint Germais-sur-Seine outside the walls of Paris. For an account of this event see Glimpses of Abdul'Bahá in Paris by Alice Beede.

    Paris First Western tour by `Abdu'l-Baha'; Alice Beede; Muhammad Qazvini; Siyyid Hasan Taqizasih; Kitab-i-Nuqtatu'l-Kaf
    1911 10 Nov `Abdu'l-Bahá gives a talk later entitled "The Evolution of the Spirit" at 15 Rue Greuze, Paris. [Paris Talks p88-94] Paris First Western tour by `Abdu'l-Baha'
    1911 2 Dec `Abdu'l-Bahá leaves Paris and returns to Egypt where He takes up residence in Rameh again. He passed the winter here and then embarked on His Second Western tour in March of 1912. [AB167; GPB280; SBR25] Egypt; Paris First Western tour by `Abdu'l-Baha'
    1912 c. Mishkín-Qalam passes away in the Holy Land. [BBD157; EB272] Haifa Mishkin-Qalam
    1912 By this year at least 70 Bahá'í books and pamphlets have been produced in English. [BBRSM:103–4]

    There are about two dozen Bahá'ís in Canada by this year. [BFA2:158]

    Canada; Tihrán; Bárfurúsh; Mázandarán `Ali Muhammad Varqa; Hand of the Cause of God; Mirza Muhammad-`Ali; Mu`inu't-Tujjar; Iranian persecution
    1912 Birth of `Alí Muhammad Varqá, Hand of the Cause of God, in Tihrán. Tehran; Iran `Ali Muhammad Varqa; Hand of the Cause of God
    1912 Mírzá Muhammad-`Alí, , and his wife are killed in Bárfurúsh, Mázandarán. [BW18:387] Bárfurúsh; Mázandarán persecution
    1912 Margaret Stevenson was the first believer in New Zealand. [New Zealand Bahá'í News, May 1997] New Zealand; Margaret Stevenson first believer in New Zealand.
    1912 The publication of The Brilliant Proof by Mírzá Abu'l-Fadl Gulpáygání in Chicago by the Bahai News Service, 1912. The first edition notes state that it was written December 28, 1911, in Syria, "by the pen of Mirza Abul Fazl Gulpaygan."
    • The publication of this book marks the end of an early era of Bahá'í teaching in the West. As 'Abdu'l-Bahá continued his journeys in the United States and Canada, He delivered hundreds of public talks and private addresses which were tailored to Western audiences. The fresh outpouring of teachings which resulted from these encounters produced a new Bahá'í literature of the words of 'Abdu'l-Bahá in the West. Examples include the following: The Promulgation of Universal Peace: Talks Delivered by `Abdu'l-Bahá During His Visit to the United States and Canada in 1912, compiled by Howard MacNutt, (Wilmette, Ill.: Bahá'í Publishing Trust, 1922-25); Paris Talks: Addresses Given by `Abdu'l-Bahá in Paris in 1911-1912 (London: Bahá'í Publishing Trust, 1912); 'Abdu'l-Bahá in London..
    Chicago The Brilliant Proof; Mirza Abu'l-Fadl Gulpaygani; The Promulgation of Universal Peace; Paris Talks; 'Abdu'l-Baha in London
    1912 In the year The first publication of the book that has come to be titled Paris Talks initially called Talks by Abdul Baha Given in Paris. Prior to this, in the autumn of 1911, Mornings Spent with Abdul Baha Abbas in London and Paris had been published which, of course, did not include information from His visit the following year.

    In 1924 the title was changed to The Wisdom of Abdul Baha from Addresses delivered in Paris 1910-1911. Talks by Abdul Baha Given in Paris...with supplementary historical note and introduction was printed in 1936 with the following editions starting in 1945 using the title that is currently used Paris Talks: Addresses Given by 'Abdu'l-Bahá in Paris in 1911-1912

    Counting the initial publication, there have been 19 editions in English including one in Braille and an audio recording. In addition, there have been multiple editions in some 25 other languages. ['Abdu'l-Bahá in France 1911 to 1913 p726-730]

    Paris Talks first publications of Paris Talks.
    1912 3 Jan In Sárí, Mázandarán, a mob attacks houses of Bahá'ís and four Bahá'ís are killed; a few days later another Bahá'í is killed. [BW18:387] Sari; Mazandaran Iranian persecution
    1912 4 Feb Two Bahá'ís are killed in Máhfurúzak, Mázandarán. [BW18:387] Mahfuruzak; Mazandaran Iranian persecution
    1912 25 Mar-17 Jun 1913 `Abdu'l-Bahá's second Western tour begins. `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 25 Mar `Abdu'l-Bahá sails from Alexandria on the S.S. Cedric to New York via Naples. [AB171; CWB281]
    • `Abdu'l-Bahá prefers the slower S.S. Cedric to the Titanic, about to make her maiden voyage. [AB171]
    Alexandria S.S. Cedric; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 29 Mar The S.S. Cedric stops at Naples.
    • Shoghi Effendi is taken off the ship owing to an eye infection. [AB171–2]
    Naples `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Shoghi Effendi
    1912 30 Mar The S .S. Cedric leaves Naples for New York. [BHC93] Naples; New York; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 11 Apr `Abdu'l-Bahá arrives in New York. [AB172; GPB281, APD3-5]
    • During His tour `Abdu'l-Bahá visits 32 cities and makes numerous addresses of which 185 are recorded. [SBBH1:110]
    • For a chronological list of talks given by `Abdu'l-Bahá while in North America see PUP473–8.
    • For details of His journey see AB171–339.
    • Ward, 239 Days; Balyuzi, `Abdu'l-Bahá; The Diary of Juliet Thompson; many editions of Star of the West and numerous biographies of Bahá'ís of the time as well as other books carry information about `Abdu'l-Bahá travels and talks.
    • Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Edward B. Kinney, 780 West End Avenue, New York. [PUP3]
    • He was accompanied by:

      -Sayyid Asadu'lláh Qumí,

      -Dr Fareed Amin Ullah, He was a nephew of 'Abdu'l-Bahá and served as his translator during His tour of the West. Because of his disobedience he and his father were both expelled from the Faith.

      -Mírza Mahmúd-i Zarqání. He was a member of 'Abdu'l-Bahá's entourage for both the Western and European tours. He wrote an account of the travels in a book entitled Kitáb-i Badáyi'u'l-Áthár and called "Mahmúd's Diary" in the English translation. [APD151]

      -Mirza Ahmad Sohrab. He had originally come to the West to assist Mírzá Abú'l-Fadl Gulpaygání in 1901. He remained and worked at the Iranian Consulate until 1912 and during this time he translated much of the correspondence between 'Abdu'l-Bahâ and the Western believers. After the American tour he returned to the Holy Land. After the passing of 'Abdu'l-Bahá he rejected the authority of Shoghi Effendi and was expelled. [APD155]

    New York `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Mr and Mrs Edward B. Kinney; Edward Kinney
    1912 12 Apr Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Howard MacNutt, 935 Eastern Parkway, Brooklyn, New York, [PUP4]
    • Talk at Studio of Miss Phillips, 39 West Sixty-seventh Street, New York. [PUP7]
    New York; Howard McNutt; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Miss Phillips
    1912 13 Apr Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Alexander Morten, 141 East Twenty-first Street, New York [PUP9] New York; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Alexander Morten
    1912 14 Apr `Abdu'l-Bahá speaks from the pulpit of the Church of the Ascension, Fifth Avenue and Tenth Street, New York. [239D:22–3, PUP11]
    • Talk at Union Meeting of Advanced Thought Centers, Carnegie Lyceum, West Fifty-seventh Street, New York. [PUP14]
    New York Church of the Ascension; Advanced Thought Center; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 15 Apr Talk at Home of Mountfort Mills, 327 West End Avenue, New York. [PUP16] New York; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Mountfort Mills
    1912 16 Apr Talk at Hotel Ansonia to Baha’i’ Friends of New Jersey, Broadway and Seventy-third Street, New York. [PUP18] New York; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Hotel Ansonia
    1912 17 Apr Talk at Hotel Ansonia, Broadway and Seventy-third Street, New York. [PUP20] New York; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Ansonia Hotel
    1912 17 Apr Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Edward B. Kinney, 780 West End Avenue, New York, [PUP23] New York; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Edward Kinney
    1912 18 Apr Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Marshall L. Emery, 273 West Ninetieth Street, New York. [PUP25] New York; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Marshall Emery
    1912 19 Apr Talk at Earl Hall, Columbia University, New York. [PUP29]

    'Abdu'l-Bahá visits The Bowery accompanied by Edward Getsinger and Juliet Thompson as noted in her unpublished Diary. They arrived with two heavy bags of quarters to distribute to the poor. [OPOP165-168, PUP32]

    New York; NY Earl Hall; The Bowary; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 20 Apr `Abdu'l-Bahá arrives in Washington DC from New York by train. He is accompanied by Dr Getsinger, Dr Fareed, Mírzá Valiyu'lláh Nakhjavání and Mahmúd-i-Zarqání. [239D:37–8; AB178; SBR78, APD9]
    • Talk at Orient-Occident-Unity Conference, Public Library Hall, Washington, D.C. [PUP35]
    Washington DC; New York; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 21 Apr Talk at Studio Hall, 1219 Connecticut Avenue, Washington, D.C. [PUP37, APD14]

    Talk at Universalist Church, Thirteenth and L Streets, Washington, D.C. [PUP39, APD16]

    Washington; DC `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Studio Hall; Universalist Church
    1912 22 Apr Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Arthur J. Parsons, 1700 Eighteenth Street, NW, Washington, D.C. [PUP43, APD22-24] Washington; DC `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Arthur Parsons; Agnes Parsons
    1912 23 Apr Talk at Howard University, Washington, D.C. [PUP44, APD29]

    Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Arthur J. Parsons, 1700 Eighteenth Street, NW, Washington, D.C. [PUP46]

    Talk to Bethel Literary Society, Metropolitan African Methodist Episcopal Church, M Street, NW, Washington, D.C. [PUP49]

    Washington; DC `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Howard University; Bethel Literary Society; Metropolitan African Methodist Episcopal Church
    1912 24 Apr Talk at Children’s Reception, Studio Hall, 1219 Connecticut Avenue, Washington, D.C. [PUP54]

    Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Arthur J. Parsons, 1700 Eighteenth Street, NW, Washington, D.C. [PUP56, APD37-45]

    Washington; DC Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Studio Hall; Andrew Dyer; Arthur Parsons
    1912 25 Apr Talk to Theosophical Society, Home of Mr. and Mrs. Arthur J. Parsons 1700 Eighteenth Street, NW, Washington, D.C. [PUP58]

    Message to Esperantists, Home of Mr. and Mrs. Arthur J. Parsons, 1700 Eighteenth Street, NW, Washington, D.C. [PUP60]

    Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Arthur J. Parsons, 1700 Eighteenth Street, NW, Washington, D.C. [PUP62, APD46-49]

    Washington; DC `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Theosophical Society; Arthur Parsons; Esperantists
    1912 26 Apr 'Abdu'l-Bahá speaks al the (All Souls) Unitarian Church to the Women's Alliance on the subject of equal rights to men and women. Later in the morning He spoke in the home of John J. White and in the evening He addresses a gathering in the Parsons' home on the subject of "Human and Divine Spirit in Man" before leaving for the (Memorial) Continental Hall. (This was perhaps the most prestigious meeting place in Washington, the public meeting hall of the Daughters of the Revolution..) [APD50-53] Washington; DC `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 27 Apr During lunch at the Parsons' home 'Abdu'l-Bahá speaks about the proper method of taxation. [APD53-57]
    • For His discourse on taxation see FWU38-43]

    In the evening there is a grand reception for some 300 people in honour of 'Abdu'l-Bahá on behalf of the Orient-Occident Unity Society. Among the guests and dignitaries are General Adolphus Greely, Admiral Wainwright, a Washington judge, Admiral Peary, a bishop, the chargé d'affaires of Switzerland, a member of Congress, the head of the United States Patent Office, the General Consul, the President of the Peace Congress and others. [MD64-65]

    Washington; DC `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; General Adolphus Greely; Admiral Wainwright; Admiral Peary; Agnes Parsons
    1912 28 Apr `Abdu'l-Bahá give private interviews in the morning then calls on the Turkish Ambassador. [APD56-59]

    `Abdu'l-Bahá leaves Washington for Chicago. [239D:46; AB184; SBR81]

    `Abdu'l-Bahá arrives in Chicago. [239D:47]

    Washington; DC; Chicago `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 29 Apr Mírzá Yahyá dies in Famagusta. [BBD243; BBR312]
    • He had been deserted by most of his followers and is given a Muslim funeral. [BKG426; GPB233]
    • Years later his sons and their relatives reconcile themselves to the authority of 'Abdu'l-Bahá. [Ch237-238]
    Famagusta Mirza Yahya; Covenant-breakers; Subh'i'Azal
    1912 30 Apr Talk at Public Meeting Concluding Convention of Bahá’í Temple Unity, Drill Hall, Masonic Temple, Chicago, Illinois. [PUP65,]

    Talk at Hull House, Chicago, Illinois. Hull House was a community centre, one of the earliest in Chicago, founded by the National American Woman Suffrage Association [PUP67, MD70]

    Talk at Fourth Annual Conference of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, Handel Hall, Chicago, Illinois. [PUP69, MD71]

    Chicago; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Public Meeting Concluding Convention of Baha’i Temple Unity; Hull House; National Association for the Advancement of Colored People; Handel Hall; NAACP; National American Woman Suffrage Association
    1912 1 May `Abdu'l-Bahá lays the cornerstone of the Mashriqu'l-Adhkár in Wilmette. [239D:51; AB186; GPB288, 349; MBW143]
    • Talk at Dedication of the Mashriqu’l-Adhkár Grounds. [PUP71]
    • The cornerstone has been offered by Mrs Nettie Tobin. [AB186]
    • `Abdu'l-Bahá asks delegates from the various Bahá'í communities and Bahá'ís from different backgrounds each to dig the earth to lay the stone. [AB186–7]
    Wilmette Mashriqu'l-Adhkar; Mrs Nettie Tobin; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 2 May Talk at Hotel Plaza, Chicago, Illinois, [PUP72]

    Talk to Federation of Women’s Clubs, Hotel La Salle, Chicago, Illinois. [PUP74]

    Talk at Bahá’í Women’s Reception, Hotel La Salle, Chicago, Illinois. [PUP77]

    Talk at Hotel Plaza, Chicago, Illinois. [PUP78]

    Talk at Hotel Plaza, Chicago, Illinois. [PUP79]

    Chicago; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Plaza Hotel; Federation of Women's Clubs; Baha'i Women's Reception
    1912 3 May Talk at Hotel Plaza, Chicago, Illinois. [PUP83]

    Talk at Hotel Plaza, Chicago, Illinois. [PUP84]

    Chicago; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Hotel Plaza
    1912 4 May Talk to Theosophical Society, Northwestern University Hall, Evanston, Illinois. [PUP87] Evanston; Illinois; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Theosophical Society; Northwestern University Hall
    1912 5 May Talk at Children’s Meeting, Hotel Plaza, Chicago, Illinois. [PSBW134–5, PUP91]

    Talk at Plymouth Congregational Church, 935 East Fiftieth Street, Chicago, Illinois. [PUP93]

    Talk at All-Souls Church, Lincoln Center, Chicago, Illinois. [PUP97]

    Chicago Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Plymouth Congregational Church; Talk at All-Souls Church; Children’s Meeting; Hotel Plaza; Lincoln Center
    1912 6 May `Abdu'l-Bahá leaves Chicago, arriving in Cleveland the same day. [239D:57; AB189]

    Talk at Euclid Hall, Cleveland, Ohio. [PUP101]

    Talk at Sanatorium of Dr. C. M. Swingle, Cleveland, Ohio. [PUP104]

    Chicago; Cleveland `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Euclid Hall; Sanatorium of Dr. C. M. Swingle
    1912 7 May `Abdu'l-Bahá leaves Cleveland for Pittsburgh, arriving the same day. [239D:63; AB189]

    Talk at Hotel Schenley, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The hotel is now the University of Pittsburgh's Student Union building, known as the William Pitt Union. [PUP105, Schenley Hotel]

    Cleveland; Pittsburgh `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Hotel Schenley
    1912 8 May `Abdu'l-Bahá takes a morning train from Pittsburgh, arriving in Washington DC that night for His second visit to that city. [239D:64; AB189; SBR81]

    He and His entourage moves into the apartment of William P. Ripley who have vacated it for this purpose. [APD59-60]

    Pittsburgh; Washington DC Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 9 May `Abdu'l-Bahá speaks to a capacity gathering at the Parsons' home. He noted that religious ministers in Washington were denouncing Him and the Cause. [APD61-63] Washington; DC `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Agnes Parsons
    1912 10 May `Abdu'l-Bahá's sits for sketches by Mr Theadore Spicer-Simon. See Medallions for pictures of his work.

    In the morning Agnes Parsons takes 'Abdu'l-Bahá to the Capitol then to the Washington Monument where they take the elevator to the top.

    He speaks to a small group in the Parsons' home in the afternoon and at the Studio Hall in the evening. [APD63-66]

    In The Diary of Juliet Thompson p285 it is reported that 'Abdu'l-Bahá had been horrified by the prejudice He observed against Black people in Washington.

    Washington; DC `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Capitol; Washington Monument; Studio Hall; Agnes Parsons
    1912 11 May `Abdu'l-Bahá leaves Washington for New York City, arriving the same day. [239D:64–5, AB190, APD66-67]

    Talk at the Hudson Apartment House at 227 Riverside Drive, New York. [PUP111, DJT282]

    Washington; New York; Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 12 May `Abdu'l-Bahá takes a ferry to New Jersey. He takes a train for Montclair where He addresses the congregation of the Unity Church before returning to New York to speak to the International Peace Forum at the Grace Methodist Episcopal Church West 104th Street, New York. [239D:66; AB191, PUP113, PUP116] Montclair; New Jersey; New York Unity Church; International Peace Forum; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Grace Methodist Episcopal Church
    1912 13 May `Abdu'l-Bahá, very unwell, attends a reception and gives a talk to the New York Peace Society at the Hotel Astor. [239D:67; AB192, PUP123, APD67] New York Hotel Astor; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; New York Peace Society
    1912 14–16 May `Abdu'l-Bahá attends the Conference on International Peace and Arbitration at Lake Mohonk, delivering an address on the first evening. [239D:67–9; AB193] Lake Mohonk; New York Conference on International Peace and Arbitration; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 19 May In the morning He spoke at the Church of the Divine Paternity, Central Park West, New York. [PUP126]

    `Abdu'l-Bahá travels to Jersey City to speak in the Unitarian Church, the Brotherhood Church, Bergen and Fairview Avenues, of which Howard Colby Ives is the pastor. [239D:70–1; AB194, PUP129] ]

    Jersey City; New Jersey; New York; Unitarian Church; Howard Colby Ives; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Church of the Divine Paternity; Brotherhood Church
    1912 20 May Talk at Woman’s Suffrage Meeting, Metropolitan Temple, Seventh Avenue and Fourteenth Street, New York. [PUP133] New York; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Woman’s Suffrage Meeting; Metropolitan Temple
    1912 22 May `Abdu'l-Bahá travels to Boston, arriving the same day. [239D:71; AB198] New York; Boston Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 23 May The Bahá'ís of Cambridge, Massachusetts, celebrate `Abdu'l-Bahá's birthday with a cake bearing 68 candles. `Abdu'l-Bahá addresses the group on the importance of the Báb at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Francis W. Breed, 367 Harvard Street, Cambridge, Massachusetts. [239D:72; AB199, PUP138] Cambridge; Massachusetts Bab; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Francis Breed
    1912 24 May Talk at Free Religious Association, or Unitarian Conference, Boston, Massachusetts. [PUP140] Boston; MA `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Free Religious Association; or Unitarian Conference
    1912 25 May Huntington Chambers, 30 Huntington Ave, Boston, Massachusetts. [PUP143] Boston; MA `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Huntington Chambers
    1912 26 May `Abdu'l-Bahá leaves Boston and returns to New York, arriving in the evening. [239D:73; AB201]

    Talk at Mount Morris Baptist Church, Fifth Avenue and 126th Street, New York. [PUP147]

    Boston; New York `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Morris Baptist Church
    1912 28 May `Abdu'l-Bahá and His party are evicted from their hotel because of the `coming and going of diverse people' and the `additional labours and troubles' caused to the staff. [239D:74]

    Talk at Reception at Metropolitan Temple, Seventh Avenue and Fourteenth Street, New York. [PUP150]

    New York `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Metropolitan Temple
    1912 25 May Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Edward B. Kinney, 780 West End Avenue, New York. [PUP154] New York; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Edward Kinney
    1912 30 May Talk at Theosophical Lodge, Broadway and Seventy-ninth Street, New York. [PUP156] New York; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Theosophical Lodge
    1912 31 May `Abdu'l-Bahá travels to Fanwood, New Jersey. [239D:75; AB207]

    Talk at Town Hall, Fanwood, New Jersey. [PUP161]

    Fanwood; New Jersey `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Fanwood Town Hall
    1912 1 Jun `Abdu'l-Bahá returns to New York. [AB206]
    • He has His first sitting for the portrait painted by Juliet Thompson. [DJT299]
    New York Juliet Thompson; portrait; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 6 Jun Talk at Church of the Ascension, Fifth Avenue and Tenth Street, New York. [PUP163] New York; Church of the Ascension; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 3 Jun `Abdu'l-Bahá travels to Milford, Pennsylvania. [AB208] Milford; Pennsylvania `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 4 Jun `Abdu'l-Bahá returns to New York. [AB208] New York `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 8 Jun Talk at 309 West Seventy-eighth Street, New York, [PUP171]

    `Abdu'l-Bahá arrives in Philadelphia. [239D:88; AB209]

    New York; Philadelphia Abdul-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 9 Jun Talk at Unitarian Church, Fifteenth Street and Girard Avenue, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. [PUP172]

    Talk at Baptist Temple, Broad and Berks Streets, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. [PUP176]

    PHILADELPHIA Unitarian Church; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Baptist Temple
    1912 10 Jun `Abdu'l-Bahá leaves Philadelphia and returns to New York, arriving the same day. [239D:88; AB211] New York Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 11 Jun Talk at Open Committee Meeting, Home of Mr. and Mrs. Edward B. Kinney, 780 West End Avenue, New York. [PUP183]

    Talk at 309 West Seventy-eighth Street, New York. [PUP183]

    Talk at 309 West Seventy-eighth Street, New York. [PUP186]

    New York; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Edward Kinney
    1912 12 Jun Talk at 309 West Seventy-eighth Street, New York. [PUP187] New York; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 15 Jun Talk at 309 West Seventy-eighth Street, New York. [PUP189] New York; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 16 Jun Talk at Fourth Unitarian Church, Beverly Road, Flatbush, Brooklyn, New York. [PUP190]

    Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Howard MacNutt, 935 Eastern Parkway, Brooklyn, New York. [PUP194]

    Talk at Central Congregational Church, Hancock Street, Brooklyn, New York. [PUP197]

    New York; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Fourth Unitarian Church; Howard MacNutt; Central Congregational Church
    1912 17 Jun Talk at 309 West Seventy-eighth Street, New York. [PUP204] New York; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 18 Jun Talk at 309 West Seventy-eighth Street, New York. [PUP205] New York; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 19 Jun `Abdu'l-Bahá names New York the `City of the Covenant'. [239D:93; AB22; BBD55]
    • See 239D:92–3 and DJT311–17 for a description of this event.
    New York City of the Covenant; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 20 Jun Talk at 309 West Seventy-eighth Street, New York. [PUP206] New York; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 21 Jun `Abdu'l-Bahá arrives in Montclair, New Jersey. [239D:97; AB221] Montclair; New Jersey `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 23 Jun Talk at Montclair, New Jersey. [PUP210] Montclair; New Jersey `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 29 Jun `Abdu'l-Bahá hosts a Unity Feast in the Evergreen Cabin at the Wilhelm properties in West Englewood, New Jersey. [239D:102; AB223, PUP213]
    • For pictures of this event see 239D:100–1.
    • Some years later, in 1953, Curtis Kelsey helped to rebuild and enlarge Evergreen Cabin, built on the spot where 'Abdu'l-Baha was host at the first Unity Feast in America. [BW15p470]
    West Englewood; New Jersey Unity Feast; Roy Wilhelm; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Evergreen cabin
    1912 30 Jun `Abdu'l-Bahá returns to New York after visiting Mr Topakyan, the Persian Consul General, in Morristown. [239D:103; AB225–6] New York; Morristown; New Jersey Mr Topakyan; Persian Consul General; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 1 Jul Talk at 309 West Seventy-eighth Street, New York. [PUP216]
    • 'Abdu'l-Bahá spoke on the subject of poverty and the alleviation of the discrepancy between the rich and the poor.
    Talk at 309 West Seventy-eighth Street, New York. [PUP218]
    New York `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; poor; poverty; rich
    1912 5 Jul Talk at 309 West Seventy-eighth Street, New York. [PUP218]

    Talk at 309 West Seventy-eighth Street, New York. [PUP220]

    New York; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 6 Jul Talk at 309 West Seventy-eighth Street, New York. [PUP225] New York; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 14 Jul Talk at All Souls Unitarian Church, Fourth Avenue and Twentieth Street, New York. [PUP228] New York; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; All Souls Unitarian Church
    1912 15 Jul Talk at Home of Dr. and Mrs. Florian Krug, 830 Park Avenue, New York. [PUP236] New York; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Florian Krug
    1912 23 Jul `Abdu'l-Bahá leaves New York, arriving in Boston the same day for His second visit. [239D:117; AB233]

    Talk at Hotel Victoria, corner of Newbury and Dartmouth Sts, Boston, Massachusetts. [PUP238]

    • For an interesting story about Nancy Douglas Bowditch see Wikipedia.
    • Also see The Artist's Daughter: Memoirs, 1890 - 1979 the autobiography of Nancy Douglas Bowditch.
    Boston `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Hotel Victoria
    1912 24 Jul Talk to Theosophical Society, The Kensington, Exeter and Boylston Streets, Boston, Massachusetts. [PUP239] Boston; MA Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Theosophical Society; The Kensington
    1912 25 Jul Talk at Hotel Victoria, Boston, Massachusetts. [PUP244]

    `Abdu'l-Bahá leaves Boston, arriving in Dublin, New Hampshire, the same evening. [239D:117; AB233; SBR82, APD72-73]

    Dublin; New Hampshire; Boston; MA. Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Hotel Victoria
    1912 26 Jul `Abdu'l-Bahá's and His companions took up residence at one of the two Parsons home in Dublin, NH, a resort area. The house in question is named "Day-Spring". [APD7376] Dublin; New Hampshire; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Agnes Parsons
    1912 28 Jul `Abdu'l-Bahá's speaks at the Parsons home. [APD79-80] Dublin; New Hampshire; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 5 Aug Talk at Dublin Inn, Dublin, New Hampshire. [PUP245] Dublin; New Hampshire `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Dublin Inn
    1912 6 Aug Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Arthur J. Parsons, Dublin, New Hampshire. [PUP247] Dublin; New Hampshire; Arthur Parsons; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 16 Aug `Abdu'l-Bahá journeys to Green Acre by car, arriving the same day. [239D:123; AB240]

    Talk at Green Acre, Eliot, Maine. [PUP253]

    • For `Abdu'l-Bahá's activities while in Green Acre see AB240–51.
    • For the story of Fred Mortensen see 239D:126–9 and AB247–51.
    • See also Green Acre on the Piscataqua.
    Green Acre Fred Mortensen; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 17 Aug Talk at Green Acre, Eliot, Maine. [PUP261]

    Talk at Green Acre, Eliot, Maine. [PUP263]

    Talk at Green Acre, Eliot, Maine. [PUP264]

    Talk at Green Acre, Eliot, Maine. [PUP270]

    Eliot; MA; . `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Green Acre
    1912 23 Aug `Abdu'l-Bahá arrives in Malden, Massachusetts, for a week-long stay, making trips to Boston and Cambridge. [239D:131; AB251–2] Malden; Massachusetts; Boston; Cambridge Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 25 Aug Talk at the New Thought Forum, Metaphysical Club, Boston, Massachusetts. [PUP276] Boston; MA New Thought Forum; Metaphysical Club; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 26 Aug Talk at Franklin Square House, Boston, Massachusetts. [PUP280] Boston; MA Franklin Square House; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 27 Aug Talk at Metaphysical Club, Boston, Massachusetts. [PUP284] Boston; MA `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Metaphysical Club
    1912 29 Aug Talk at Home of Madame Morey, 34 Hillside Avenue, Malden, Massachusetts. [PUP289] Boston; MA Madame Morey; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 30 Aug `Abdu'l-Bahá leaves Malden for Boston. He leaves Boston by train for Montreal, arriving at midnight. [239D:132; AB132; BW8:637]
    • He stays in Montreal for ten days, living for four nights at the Maxwell residence. [239D:132]
    • See also `Abdu'l-Bahá in Canada.
    Boston; Montreal Maxwell residence; Montreal Shrine; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 1 Sep 'Abdu'l-Bahá give a talk at the Church of the Messiah, corner of Simpson and Sherbrooke Sts in Montreal. (Architects: The Maxwell Bros. Built 1907, destroyed by fire 1937) [PUP297]

    Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. William Sutherland Maxwell, 716 Pine Avenue West, (now 1548 avenue des Pins, ouest) Montreal, Canada. [PUP302]

    Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. William Sutherland Maxwell, 716 Pine Avenue West, (now 1548 avenue des Pins, ouest) Montreal, Canada. [PUP306]

    Montreal; QC `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Church of the Messiah; May Maxwell; Sutherland Maxwell
    1912 2 Sep Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. William Sutherland Maxwell, 716 Pine Avenue West, (now 1548 avenue des Pins, ouest) Montreal, Canada. [PUP308] Montreal; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; May Maxwell; Sutherland Maxwell
    1912 5 Sep Talk at St. James Methodist Church, 463 Saint Catherine Street, West, Montreal, Canada. [PUP312] Montreal; St. James Methodist Church; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 9 Sep `Abdu'l-Bahá arrives in Buffalo by train from Montreal. [239D:139; AB265] Montreal; Buffalo `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 12 Sep `Abdu'l-Bahá leaves Buffalo for Chicago, arriving the same day. [239D:142]
    • He stays at the home of Corinne True. [239D:142; AB266]
    Buffalo; Chicago Corinne True; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 15 Sep `Abdu'l-Bahá leaves Chicago for Kenosha, Wisconsin. [239D:145; AB267]
    • He misses His train and tells the Bahá'ís not to be concerned over this, as there is a good reason for it; travelling on the next train they come across the wreckage of the first, which has been in a collision. [239D:145; AB267]
    Chicago; Kenosha; Wisconsin `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 16 Sep Talk at Home of Mrs. Corinne True, 5338 Kenmore Avenue, Chicago, Illinois. [PUP320]

    `Abdu'l-Bahá leaves Chicago for Minneapolis, arriving the same night. [239D:146; AB273]

    Chicago; Minneapolis `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Corinne True
    1912 20 Sep Talk at Home of Mr. Albert L. Hall, 2030 Queen Avenue South, Minneapolis, Minnesota. [PUP325]

    Talk at Home of Dr. and Mrs. Clement Woolson, 870 Laurel Avenue, St. Paul, Minnesota. [PUP329]

    `Abdu'l-Bahá leaves Minneapolis for Omaha, Nebraska, arriving the same night. [239D:20]

    • AB279 says this was 21 September.
    Omaha; Nebraska; Minneapolis; Minnesota `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Albert Hall; Clement Woolson
    1912 21 Sep `Abdu'l-Bahá visits Lincoln, Nebraska, then leaves for Denver. [239D:151] Lincoln; Nebraska; Denver; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 23 Sep `Abdu'l-Bahá arrives in Denver in the afternoon. [239D:152; SoG221-222] Denver `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 24 Sep Talk at Home of Mrs. Roberts Denver, Colorado. [PUP334] Denver; CO Mrs Roberts; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 25 Sep Talk at Second Divine Science Church, 3929 West Thirty-eighth Avenue, Denver, Colorado . [PUP337] Denver; CO `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Second Divine Science Church
    1912 26 Sep `Abdu'l-Bahá leaves Denver and arrives in Glenwood Springs, Colorado. [239D:158] Denver; Glenwood Springs; Colorado `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 27 Sep `Abdu'l-Bahá leaves Glenwood Springs for Salt Lake City. [239D:159] New York City `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 27 Sep Louisa Mathew and Louis Gregory, an interracial Bahá'í couple, are married in New York City. [239D:169] New York; Louisa Mathew; Louis Gregory First interracial Bahá'í marriage.
    1912 28 Sep `Abdu'l-Bahá arrives in Salt Lake City. [239D:159] Salt Lake City `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 30 Sep Thornton Chase, the first American Bahá'í, Disciple of `Abdu'l-Bahá, passes away in California before 'Abdu'l-Bahá'í and His retinue arrive. He is buried at Inglewood. [BBD71; BFA2:XVII] California Thornton Chase; Disciple of `Abdu'l-Baha; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour First American Bahá'í
    1912 1 Oct `Abdu'l-Bahá arrives in San Francisco about midnight. [239D:165; AB286] San Francisco `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 7 Oct Talk to Japanese Young Men’s Christian Association, Japanese Independent Church, 576 Sycamore Street, Oakland, California. [PUP343] Oakland; CA Japanese Young Men’s Christian Association; Japanese Independent Church; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 8 Oct `Abdu'l-Bahá speaks at Leland Stanford Junior University in Palo Alto. [239D:166 AB288, PUP348]
    • There are two thousand in the audience. [AB288]
    Palo Alto Stanford Junior University; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Leland Stanford Junior University
    1912 10 Oct Talk at Open Forum, San Francisco, California [PUP355] San Francisco; CA Open Forum; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 12 Oct Talk at Temple Emmanu-El, 450 Sutter Street, San Francisco, California. [PUP361] San Francisco; CA `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Temple Emmanu-El
    1912 13 or 14 Oct `Abdu'l-Bahá visits Phoebe Hearst at her estate, at her invitation. [239D:168; AB307]
    • She is estranged from the Faith because one or two individuals had tried to extort money from her but her invitation is sincere. AB307–8]
    Hearst estate; California; Phoebe Hearst; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 16 Oct `Abdu'l-Bahá returns to San Francisco. [AB308] San Francisco `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 17 Oct 'Abdu'l-Bahá discovers His signet ring is missing and for the rest of His trip He signs, rather than seal, every Tablet He writes or dictates. [Historical Dictionary of the Bahá'í Faith pg. xxxvii] Oakland `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Signet ring
    1912 18 Oct `Abdu'l-Bahá leaves San Francisco for Los Angeles, arriving the same day. [239D:169; AB309] Los Angeles `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 19 Oct `Abdu'l-Bahá visits the grave of Thornton Chase in Inglewood. [239D:169; AB309]
    • The purpose of His journey to Los Angeles is to visit the grave of Thornton Chase. [AB309]
    Inglewood Thornton Chase; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 21 Oct `Abdu'l-Bahá leaves Los Angeles for San Francisco. [AB310] Los Aneles; San Francisco `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 25 Oct `Abdu'l-Bahá leaves San Francisco for Sacramento, arriving at noon the same day. [239D:171]

    Talk at Hotel Sacramento, Sacramento, California. [PUP370]

    San Francisco; ; Sacramento `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Hotel Sacramento
    1912 26 Oct Talk at Assembly Hall, Hotel Sacramento, Sacramento, California. [PUP376]

    `Abdu'l-Bahá leaves Sacramento for Denver. [239D:172; AB316]

    Sacramento; Denver `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Assembly Hall; Hotel Sacramento
    1912 28 Oct `Abdu'l-Bahá arrives in Denver at midnight. [239D:175; AB316] Denver `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 30 Oct `Abdu'l-Bahá leaves Denver for Chicago. [239D:175] Denver; Chicago `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 31 Oct `Abdu'l-Bahá arrives in Chicago. [239D:176]

    Talk at Hotel Plaza, Chicago, Illinois. [PUP381]

    Chicago `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Hotel Plaza
    1912 1 Nov Talk at Home of Mrs. Corinne True, 5338 Kenmore Avenue, Chicago, Illinois. [PUP383] Chicago; Corrine True; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 4 Nov `Abdu'l-Bahá leaves Chicago and arrives in Cincinnati the same day. [239D:179] Chicago; Cincinnati `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 5 Nov Talk at Grand Hotel, Cincinnati, Ohio. [PUP388]

    `Abdu'l-Bahá leaves Cincinnati for Washington DC. [239D:179]

    Chicago; Washington; DC `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Grand Hotel
    1912 6 Nov `Abdu'l-Bahá arrives in Washington DC. [239D:179]

    Talk at Universalist Church, Thirteenth and L Streets, NW, Washington, D.C. [PUP390]

    Washington DC `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Universalist Church
    1912 7 Nov Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Arthur J. Parsons, 1700 Eighteenth Street, NW, Washington, D. C. [PUP397]

    Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Arthur J. Parsons, 1700 Eighteenth Street, NW, Washington, D. C. [PUP400]

    Washington; DC `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Arthur Parsons
    1912 8 Nov Talk at Eighth Street Temple, Synagogue, Washington, D. C. [PUP411]

    Washington; D. C. `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Eighth Street Temple; Synagogue
    1912 9 Nov Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Arthur J. Parsons, 1700 Eighteenth Street, NW, Washington, D. C .[PUP411]

    Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Arthur J. Parsons, 1700 Eighteenth Street, NW, Washington, D. C .[PUP415]

    Talk at Bahá’í Banquet, Rauscher’s Hall, Washington, D. C. [PUP418]

    Washington; DC `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Arthur Parsons; Rauscher’s Hall
    1912 10 Nov Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Arthur J. Parsons, 1700 Eighteenth Street, NW, Washington, D. C .[PUP421]

    Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Joseph H. Hannen 1252 Eighth Street, NW, Washington, D. C. .[PUP425]

    Talk at 1901 Eighteenth Street, NW, Washington, D. C. [PUP428]

    Washington; DC `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Arthur Parsons; Joseph Hannen
    1912 11 Nov `Abdu'l-Bahá travels to Baltimore by train and arrives at Camden Station at 11AM. He is accompanied by Dr. Ameen Fareed and Mirza Ahmad Sohrab (interpreters), Mirza Mahmud, Mirza 'Ali Akah, Mirza Valiollah Khan, Dr. Zia Bagdadi, and Saya Assadollah [239D:183; AB329]
    • At noon He speaks at the chapel of the Unitarian Church on the unity of religions and the oneness of God. The chapel is packed with Johns Hopkins University faculty members and many local professional men.
    • After the address he shares lunch at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Struven with more than 50 people.
    • He leaves Baltimore about 3PM and on his return to New York He passes through Philadelphia, where He meets the Bahá'ís on the train platform. ['Abdu'l-Bahá in Baltimore by Allison Vaccaro and Edward E. Bartlett]
    Baltimore; Philadelphia `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 12 Nov `Abdu'l-Bahá arrives in New York at 1:00 a.m. [AB329] New York `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 15 Nov Talk at Home of Miss Juliet Thompson, 48 West Tenth Street, New York. [PUP431] New York; Juliet Thompson; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 16 Nov Talk at 309 West Seventy-eighth Street, New York. [PUP437] New York; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 17 Nov Talk at Genealogical Hall, 252 West Fifty-eighth Street, New York. [PUP437] New York; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Genealogical Hall
    1912 18 Nov `Abdu'l-Bahá visits the library of J. Pierpont Morgan and inscribes his album with a blessing for his philanthropy. [239D:186–7]

    Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Frank K. Moxey, 575 Riverside Drive, New York. [PUP422]

    New York J. Pierpont Morgan; J P Morgan; J P Morgan Library; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Frank Moxey
    1912 23 Nov A farewell banquet is held for `Abdu'l-Bahá at the Great Northern Hotel, 118 West Fifty-seventh Street, in New York. [239D:187; AB331, PUP447]
    • The hotel does not allow the black Bahá'ís to attend. [239D:187]
    New York `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Great Northern Hotel
    1912 24 Nov `Abdu'l-Bahá and the white Bahá'ís serve the black Bahá'ís at a dinner at the Kinney's. [239D:187] New York Kinney; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 29 Nov Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Edward B. Kinney, 780 West End Avenue, New York. [PUP449] New York; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Edward Kinney
    1912 2 Dec Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Edward B. Kinney, 780 West End Avenue, New York. [PUP452]

    Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Edward B. Kinney, 780 West End Avenue, New York. [PUP453]

    New York; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Edward Kinney
    1912 3 Dec Talk at Home of Dr. and Mrs. Florian Krug, 830 Park Avenue, New York. [PUP457]

    Talk to Mr. Kinney’s Bible Class, 780 West End Avenue, New York. [PUP458]

    Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Edward B. Kinney, 780 West End Avenue, New York. [PUP460]

    New York; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Forian Drug; Mr. Kinney's Bible Class
    1912 4 Dec `Abdu'l-Bahá addresses His last meeting in North America with a talk to Theosophical Society, 2228 Broadway, New York. [239D:193, PUP462] New York `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Theosophical Society
    1912 5 Dec `Abdu'l-Bahá sails on the S. S. Celtic from New York to Liverpool. [239D:193–4; AB337; GPB281]
    • For `Abdu'l-Bahá's final words to the Bahá'ís, spoken while on board ship, see PUP468.
    • For Ahmad Sohrab's account of the sea crossing see SW3, 16:2.
    New York; Liverpool S. S. Celtic; Ahmad Sohrab; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 Dec-Jun 1913 `Abdu'l-Bahá's second visit to Europe. `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 13 Dec `Abdu'l-Bahá arrives in Liverpool aboard the S. S. Celtic at about 9PM. He is met by dozens of Bahá'ís from Liverpool, Manchester and Leads as well as Hippolyte Drefus-Barney who had come from Paris. [AB343; SBR38, ABTM273-4] Liverpool S. S. Celtic; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 14 Dec 'Abdu'l-Bahá stayed in Liverpool at the Adelphi Hotel. His first talk was to the Theosophical Society. [ABTM274, SoW Vol III No17 9Jan1913 p3] Liverpool `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Adelphi Hotel
    1912 15 Dec 'Abdu'l-Bahá spoke at Pembroke Chapel and was introduced by Rev Donald Fraser. [ABTM275, SoW Vol III No 17 9Jan1913 p4] Liverpool `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 16 Dec 'Abdu'l-Bahá and his entourage departed Liverpool for London by train from the Lime Street Station. When they arrive at Euston Station they are met by a group of about 50 Bahá'ís. He is taken by motorcar to the home of Lady Blomfield at 97 Cadogan Gardens which she again offered to Him during His stay in London. After resting He gave a talk to newspaper reporters and later gave a talk to the gathering of Bahá'ís. [AB343, ABTM276] Liverpool; London `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 17 De A Bahá'í arrived from Ireland to see 'Abdu'l-Bahá, possibly Joan Waring, after travelling all day and all night.
    • He made comments on the character of the American people.
    • In the afternoon He spoke to a large gathering at Caxton Hall in Westminster. [SoW Vol III no 19 2Mar1913 p3-4, ABTM276-277]
    London; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Joan Waring; Caxton Hall
    1912 18 Dec 'Abdu'l-Bahá gives a talk at which E. G. Browne is present. He visits `Abdu'l-Bahá several more times while in London. [SoW Vol III no19 2Mar1913 p4, AB346, ABTM277-278]

    Hájí Abu'l-Hasan-i-Ardakání (Hájí Amín) arrives in London from Paris with three young Persian. He spoke neither English nor French and had had some difficulty in getting from Paris to London. He crossed the English Channel and then found himself back in Paris. His second attempt was successful. [SoW Vol III no19 2Mar1913 p4, AB346–7, ABTM278]

    London E. G. Browne; Haji Abu'l-Hasan-i-Ardakani; Haji Amin; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 19 Dec Hájí Amín, the Trustee of the Huqúqu'lláh, presented 'Abdu'l-Bahá with a gift from a poor workman in 'Ishqábád. He had nothing monetary to offer so he gave Hájí Amín his mid-day meal, two small loaves of bread and an apple wrapped in a handkerchief. 'Abdu'l-Bahá took the offering tenderly, ate a small piece of the stale bread and gave the rest to be passed around to the rest of the table. [SoW Vol III No 19 2Mar1913 p5, ABTM278] London; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 20 Dec 'Abdu'l-Bahá interviewed E. S. (Ethel Stefana) Stevens who had come from Southhampton to meet Him. Three years prior she had spent 3 or 4 months in 'Akka and Haifa gathering material for her book, published in 1911, about the second coming of Christ. [SoW Vol III no 19 2Mar1913 p6] Mountain of God]

    He discussed the question of "spiritual communication" and gave the prerequisites. [SoW Vol III no 19 2Mar1913 p6]

    In the evening He was driven to Westminster for a meeting at the Palace Hotel, His first public talk since returning to London. [SoW Vol III no 19 2Mar1913 p6, [SoW Vol III no 17 19Jan1913 p510]

    London; Westminster `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Ethel Stevens; Mountain of God; Palace Hotel
    1912 21 or 22 Dec 'Abdu'l-Bahá witnessed His first dramatic performance. It was a mystery Christmas play entitled Eager Heart written by Miss Alice Buckton and performed at the Church House, Westminster before an audience of 1,200. [SoW Vol III no 19 2March1913 p 7, CH154, AB34]
    • He is reported to have said, perhaps on another occasion, "The stage will be the pulpit of the future". [Quoted by Loulie Mathews in The Magazine of the Children of the Kingdom, Vol 4, No. 3 (June 1923, p69]
    • Star of the West, Vol. 19 no. 11 Feb1929, p.341 quotes 'Abdu'l-Bahá as saying: "drama is of the utmost importance. It has been a great educational power in the past; it will be so again,". [BW1994-1995p255]
    Westminster Alice Buckton; Eager Heart; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; drama; stage; Church House; Magazine of the Children of the Kingdom First time `Abdu'l-Bahá attends a theatre performance
    1912 c. Dec On another occasion He gave an outline for a play to his hostess for the evening, Mrs Gabrielle Enthoven, which He called Drama of the Kingdom. It was put to print by Lady Blomfield's daughter, Mary Basil Hall, approved by the Reviewing Committees for the National Assemblies of both the British Isles and the United States and Canada. It was published in 1933. In 1994 a production based on this outline was premiered in Perth, Australia entitled The Face of Glory: A Musical Rendezvous with the Soul. [CH155-156, Bahá'ís and the Arts: Language of the Heart by Ann Boyles, also published in 1994-95 edition of The Bahá'í World, pp. 243-272] London; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Drama of the Kingdom; Mary Basil Hall; The Face of Glory: A Musical Rendezvous with the Soul; Ann Boyles
    1912 24 Dec `Abdu'l-Bahá received many expensive Christmas gifts; He turned them all away by returning them and asking the donors to sell them and give the money to the poor.

    That evening He visited the Salvation Army Shelter in Westminster. That night there were 1,000 men present. After His talk He departed but not before leaving twenty gold sovereigns and many handfuls of silver with Col Spencer for a similar dinner to be held on New Year's Eve. [ABTM282-283]

    London; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 29 Dec In the morning 'Abdu'l-Bahá received a visit fro the Maharajah or Jhalawar. [ABTM283]

    In the afternoon He spoke at the home of Miss Annie Gamble. [SoW Vol. 9 No 2 9Apr1918 p 24]

    In the evening He gave a talk at the King's Weigh House Methodist Church hosted by Rev E W Lewis. [SoW Vol. 4 No 17 19Jan1914 p284-285]

    London `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 30 Dec The 19 Day Feast was held at the home of Mrs Robinson. [AB352] London `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Mrs Robinson
    1912 31 Dec `Abdu'l-Bahá visits Oxford at the invitation of Dr T. K. Cheyne to address a meeting at Manchester College. [BW4p384-385, AB352–354, ABIM284, Journey West 20130210, [Ahmad Sohrab's Diary - The Great Tour p99]
    • For biographical information see a paper by Crawford Howell Toy entitled Thomas Kelly Cheyne.
    • See Hurqalya Publications for a translation by Stephen Lambden of a Tablet to Dr Cheyne as well as the address to Manchester College.
    • After the visit of 'Abdu'l-Bahá the elderly and infirmed professor, who was unable to walk and had difficulty speaking, went on to write the book, The Reconciliation of Races and Religions.
    • A paper by Judy Greenway, a grand neice of Elizabeth Gibson entitled "From the Wilderness to the Beloved City: Elizabeth Gibson Cheyne" pays tribute to the woman whom 'Abdul'-Bahá lauded. This paper was given at the invitation of the Oxford Bahá’í Community in December 2012, as part of the celebration of the centenary of Abdu’l-Bahá’s visit to Oxford.
    Oxford `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Dr T. K. Cheyne; Elizabeth Gibson; Elizabeth Gibson Cheyne; Stephen Lambden; Judy Greenway
    1913 In the year In 1913 `Abdu'l-Bahá writes to Dr Augur advising him to take the Bahá'í message to Japan. Japan Dr Augur
    1913 5 Jan The Master spoke at the home of Miss Herrick's to some 150 people. He gave a very "spiritual" lecture about the negligence of the people about God and their submerging in the sea of materialism. London `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1913 6 Jan `Abdu'l-Bahá and His party, Síyyíd Asadu'lláh-i-Qumí, His attendant, Ahmad Sohrab, His interpreter and Mírzá Mahmúd-i-Zarqání, His secretary, depart by train and arrive in Edinburgh's Waverly Station in the late afternoon. [SCU68]

    On the train He told the story of Miss Wardlaw-Ramsay of the Church Missionary Society who was a missionary in 'Acca for some 40 years. She was antagonistic to the Cause but the Master showed her all manner of kindness because she was very faithful to her Christ. When she left Akka and returned to Scotland He gave a party for her. [Ahmad Sohrab's Diary, Edinburgh, 1913 p5]

    Upon arrival He is taken to the home of Mrs Jane Elizabeth Whyte (neé Barbour) (1857-1944) at 7 Charlotte Square. She had met 'Abdu'l-Bahá before. She and her friend, Mrs Thornburgh-Cropper, had been invited to visit her sister who was on an extended stay in Egypt during the winter of 1905-6. In March they made a visit to 'Akká. By 1912 she had become a member of the "Council" established to promote the Faith in Britain. The Whytes, along with the Theosophical Society, had been instrumental in arranging Abdu'l-Bahá's visit to Edinburgh.

    Mrs Whyte's account of her meeting in 1906 is in her book Seven Candles of Unity, pp 47-49. and in her book entitled Seven Candles of Unity: the Story of 'Abdu'l-Bahá in Edinburgh (London: Bahá'í Publishing Trust, 1991). [Scottish Women: A Documentary History, 1780-1914 by Esther Breitenbach and Linda Fleming p.213]

    Her husband, Mr Alexander Whyte (1837-1921) was a Scottish divine; a minister of the Free Church of Scotland, he became colleague and successor of Dr R S Candlish at Free St Georges (now St George's West, 58 Shandwick Place), and then principal and professor of New Testament literature at New College, Edinburgh. [AB355, 363–8; SBR26]

    Miss Isobel Fraser served as the advance publicity agent for the visit.

    Edinburgh `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Isobel Fraser
    1913 7 Jan 'Abdu'l-Bahá spoke to a crowd of several hundred Theosophists. The Theosophical Society (founded 1875) promoted brotherhood, the importance of Eastern philosophies and the search for spiritual and psychic truths. Edinburgh had one of the most active centres in Europe.

    In the late morning they had a tour of Outlook Tower, 549 Castlehill, Edinburgh EH1 2ND. Outlook Tower was an educational institution which taught astronomy, natural geography, cartology etc. The tour guide was Sir Patrick Geddes (1854-1932) who was a Scottish biologist and botanist, known also as an innovative thinker in the fields of urban planning and education; as a town-planner in Palestine he had involvement in the cypress avenue leading up to the Shrine of the Báb, and he also planned a Bahá'í House of Worship in India. [AB447, Leroy Ioas, p218]

    In the evening 'Abdu'l-Bahá spoke to the Esperanto Society at Freemason's Hall, 96 George Street, Edinburgh EH2 3DH. There were 1,000 people in the hall and some 300 outside. This was His first public address in Scotland. [ABTM294, Ahmad Sohrab's Diary, Edinburgh, 1913]

    Edinburgh `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Patrick Geddes; Esperanto; Theosophical Society; Outlook Tower; Sir Patrick Geddes first public address by 'Abdu'l-Bahá in Scotland.
    1913 8 Jan 'Abdu'l-Bahá was given a tour of the Edinburgh College of Arts conducted by the President. (74 Lauriston Place, Edinburgh EH3 9DF) This was followed by a tour of a school in the poorer district, North Canongate School.

    In the afternoon He spoke to a capacity attendance at Rainy Hall, New College, the Mound, Edinburgh EH1 2LX.

    'Abdu'l-Bahá attended a charity performance of Handel's Messiah at St Giles Cathedral. (Royal Mile, Edinburgh EH1 1RE) St. Giles was also known as the High Kirk of Edinburgh. It was Edinburgh's religious focal point for at least 900 years.

    And the glory of the Lord shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see it together: for the mouth of the Lord hath spoken it. (Isaiah 40:5) [Ahmad Sohrab's Diary, Edinburgh, 1913, ABTM297]

    Edinburgh `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; St Giles Cathedral; Handel's Messiah; Edinburgh College of Arts; North Canongate School
    1913 9 Jan After a morning of receiving visitors 'Abdu'l-Bahá spoke to a woman's group that included those of a wide spectrum of conviction on the role of women from suffragists to suffragettes to those opposed of giving women the vote.

    'Abdu'l-Bahá visited the painter, John Duncan, (1866 Dundee-1945) a foremost Celtic revivalist painter, on the Management Board of the College of Arts, who was guided along by Patrick Geddes. He married Christine Allen in 1912 and immediately moved to 29 Bernard's Crescent as his home and studio, where this visit took place. Both were members of the Theosophical Society. Christine Duncan née Allen (c1886-) was a spiritualist with connections to Wellesley Tudor Pole and Alice Buckton.

    He was driven north of the city to see the Forth Railway Bridge, Edinburgh EH30 9TB. This engineering marvel, stretching 2.5 km from South to North Queensferry opened on the 4th of March 1890 and has been designated as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. [UNESCO]

    'Abdu'l-Bahá spoke at the Theosophical Society meeting at 28 Great King Street, Edinburgh EH3 6QN. "Several hundred" attended. [Ahmad Sohrab's Diary, Edinburgh, 1913 p.14]

    Edinburgh `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Forth Railway Bridge; Forth Bridge; Theosophical Society; John Duncan; Christine Duncan
    1913 10 Jan `Abdu'l-Bahá returns to London departing Waverly Station at 11AM and arriving at Euston at 7PM. He returned to the home of Lady Blomfield at 97 Cadogan Gardens. She devotedly placed her whole apartment at His disposal, whilst she herself (certainly in 1913) stayed a few moments away with Lady Elcho in 62 Cadogan Square (now likely 58). [AB368, Ahmad Sohrab's Diary, Edinburgh, 1913, David Merrick p8] London `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1913 11 Jan 'Abdu'l-Bahá was most anxious that follow-up be done in Scotland. In and interview with Miss Buckton and Miss Schepel He encouraged them to go as soon as possible. [Ahmad Sohrab's Diary, Edinburgh, 1913, David Merrick p17]
    • 'Abdu'l-Bahá spoke at Caxton Hall in Westminster and after entertained a small crowd of people at His residence where He recounted stories of Bahá'ulláh's suffering. [AB368, ABTM299]
    London `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1913 12 Jan He attended a dinner party at the home of Sir Richard and Lady Shapely. Dinner was followed by a talk. [AB369, ABTM299] London `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Richard Shapely
    1913 13 Jan 'Abdu'l-Bahá spoke at Cadogan Gardens on the darkness of superstitions and imitations. [AB369, ABTM299] London `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1913 14 Jan 'Abdu'l-Bahá spoke in the East End of London at a Congregational Church. [CH168, AB369, ABTM299] London `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Congregational Church
    1913 15 Jan `Abdu'l-Bahá travels to Bristol and stays at the Clifton Guest House which belonged to Mr and Mrs Tudor-Pole. He was accompanied by the Persian ambassador, Dúst-Muhammad Khán. In the evening He addressed a meeting in the Guest House. [AB369] Bristol `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Tudor-Pole; Dust-Muhammad Khan
    1913 16 Jan `Abdu'l-Bahá returns to London and spoke at 97 Cadogan Gardens. He spoke about the diversity of those entering the Faith and the recommended way to conduct a meeting. [AB370, ABTM302-303] London `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1913 18 Jan `Abdu'l-Bahá received guests from the Muslim Community of Britain and was asked to speak at the Shah Jehan Mosque at Woking, one of the two mosques in England at the time and the first built in England and perhaps Western Europe. He spoke on the subject of the Unity of Religions and translation was done by Mírzá Ahmad Sohrab. [CH152, AB370, BW3p278-279, BW4p377]
    • Note ABTM303 reports that this event took place on the 17th of January.
    • Dr. Gottlieb Wilhelm Leitner (1840–1899) was the builder of the Oriental Institute, founded to train Asians living in Europe for the learned professions, to the study of linguistics and culture, and for the teaching of languages to Europeans who wished to travel to the East. To cater for the spiritual needs of students of all major faiths and to provide for any who lived within reach, Dr. Leitner intended to build a synagogue, a church, a temple and a mosque. Only the Shah Jehan Mosque was completed. (Oct-Nov 1889). The Institute relied too heavily upon Dr. Leitner’s personal enthusiasm and wealth and it did not survive his early death in March of 1899. The Mosque was closed and practically empty between 1899 and 1912. Khwaja Kamal-ud-Din, a prominent Kashmiri lawyer and founder of the Woking Muslim Mission, worked to repair and re-open the Mosque in 1913. It was the first formal place of Islamic worship in England and became a centre of Islam in the UK. [Dr. Gottlieb Wilhelm Leitner]
    • For a photo of the gathering see BW3p280 or BWNS818.
    Woking; Surrey; Woking Mosque; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Woking
    1913 19 Jan 'Abdu'l-Bahá was the guest of Rev Dr R J Campbell for luncheon. A number of divines had also been invited. [AB371] London; Woking; Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1913 20 Jan Dr Felix Mosscheles held a reception for 'Abdu'l-Bahá in his home that was attended by a number of notable people.

    'Abdu'l-Bahá was the guest of a Rajput prince who gave a dinner party for Him.

    In the evening He spoke at the Higher Thought Centre, His last engagement in London. [AB371]

    London `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1913 21 Jan `Abdu'l-Bahá leaves London for Paris. [AB371]
    • The visit to Paris lasts several weeks. [AB372; SBR220]
    Paris; London; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1913 6 Feb `Abdu'l-Bahá visits Versailles. [AB376] Paris; Versailles `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1913 12 Feb Date on the last of the 12 letters sent to Edward Granville Browne by 'Abdu'l-Bahá. The first of these letters was written on the 4th of August, 1890. Edward Granville Browne find reference
    1913 17 Feb For the text of an interview, originally published in the Bahá'í Studies Review, vol. 3:1 (1993), with Pasteur Monnier during which 'Abdu'l-Bahá spoke on the relationship between the Bahá'í Faith and Christianity, see Khazeh Fananapazir site.
    • Pasteur Henri Monnier (b. 1871) was the "Professor á la Faculté libre de théologie protestante de Paris", Vice-president of the Protestant Federation of France and Pastor of the Etoile Church [from International Who's Who, 1st ed.]
    Paris Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1913 30 Mar `Abdu'l-Bahá travels from Paris to Stuttgart. [AB379]
    • He tells His attendants to wear European dress and to discard their oriental headgear. [AB379]
    • He does not tell the Bahá'ís of Stuttgart of His arrival in advance. [AB379]
    Stuttgart; Paris; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1913 7 Apr `Abdu'l-Bahá travels to Bad Mergentheim by automobile to visit the hotel and mineral bath owned by Consul Schwarz, (Later named Disciple of `Abdu'l-Bahá by Shoghi Effendi). [AB383]
    • Later, in 1916 the local Bahá'í community commemorated the visit with the dedication of a monument, a life-sized likeness of the head of 'Abdu'l-Bahá on a granite stone about two metres in height. The Nazis removed it in 1937 but it was replaced in 2007. [BWNS524]
    Bad Mergentheim Consul Schwarz; Disciple of `Abdu'l-Baha; monument; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1913 8 Apr `Abdu'l-Bahá returns to Stuttgart, then leaves in the evening for Budapest, changing trains in Vienna the next morning. To this date no travel teacher had visited Budapest and there are no resident believers. [ABM316]
    • The trip was made at the invitation of, among others, Mr and Mrs Lipót Stark. the Secretary General of the Theosophical Society, who had given a lecture entitled "The Bahá'i Movement" on the 25th of February, 1912 and the text of the lecture had been published in the Esperanto periodical Teozofia (Theosophical). [SBBR14p110]
    • `Abdu'l-Bahá is accompanied by Wilhelm Herrigel to serve to translate into German. [AB384]
    Stuttgart; Budapest; Hungary Leopold Stark; Lipót Stark; Wilhelm Herrigel; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1913 9 Apr `Abdu'l-Bahá arrives in Budapest and He is met by a delegation at Keleti pu Ostbahnhof (Eastern Train Station). Another welcoming party has been waiting for Him at the Western station where a train had arrived from Vienna. He is escorted to the Ritz Hotel (now called the Hotel Forum) on the Pest side where He is further welcomed by a delegation of citizens. To compensate for the fact that many have missed His arrival at the train station He holds a press conference in the hotel lobby. [AB384, SBBR14p110]
    • For details of His visit see AB384–8 and MRHK362–70 and 'Abdu'l-Bahá in Budapest by Alice Schwartz-Salivo and 'Abdu'l-Bahá in Budapest by György Lederer found in SBBR14p109.
    “…it was His hope that Budapest might become a centre for the reunion of the East and the West, and that from this city the light might emanate to other places.” 'Abdu'l-Bahá in Budapest p1
    Budapest; Hungary `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1913 10 Apr While walking `Abdu'l-Bahá crosses the Chain Bridge and attracts a crowd of curious onlookers who had seen His picture in the newspaper. [MRHK363]
    • He receives visitors at His hotel. Among them are Dr Agnes Goosen, the Rector of the University of Budapest, Dr Alexander Giesswein, a member of Parliament and Sirdar Omrah Singh of Punjab. Professor Julius Germanus, a young Orientalist from the Eastern Academy, brings a group of Turkish language students. {MRHK364]
    • He visits the homes of several families.
    • In the evening He speaks to 50 people at the Theosophical Meeting, praising the organization and its goals. Dr Germanus interpretes the talk into German.
    Budapest; Hungary Julius Germanus; Dr Agnes Goosen; Dr Alexander Giesswein; Sirdar Omrah Singh; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1913 11 Apr Julius Germanus from the Eastern Academy calls upon 'Abdu'l-Bahá at His hotel accompanied by his Turkish students. [SBBR14p112]
    • 'Abdu'l-Bahá visits Hungarian Orientalist Professor Ignáz Goldziher in his home. He was the first person of the Jewish Faith to occupy a professional chair in the University of Budapest. and he has previously written about the Bahá'í Faith. Some time later Professor Goldziher received a carpet and a tablet as a gift from 'Abdu'l-Bahá. [SBBR14p116, AB386]
    • 'Abdu'l-Bahá delivers a lecture in the old Parliament organized by the Peace Society and the Esperanto Association to an audience estimated to be 500, 800 or 1,000 depending on the source. He is flanked by Catholic prelate Dr Alexander Giesswein and Dr. Goldziher, a Jewish Orientalist. The significance of seeing an eminent Jewish scholar and a Catholic clergyman on the same stage on either side of 'Abdu'l-Bahá is not lost on the audience and they break into applause. [SBBR14p116-117. MRHK362]
    • After the lecture a dinner is given in His honour at the Hotel Pannonia. [MRHK366]
    Budapest; Hungary Julius Germanus; Ignaz Goldziher; Dr Alexander Giesswein; Dr. Goldziher; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1913 12 Apr He receives many visitors at His hotel including the president of the Túránian Society, Jewish-born Arminius Vambéry. He is an orientalist and one of the most colourful figures of the nineteenth century. He has some prior knowledge of the Bahá'í Faith. Some time later he wrote a much-publicised tribute to the Bahá'í Faith. [AB8, 386–7, SBBR14p114]
    • `Abdu'l-Bahá visits the home of Arminius Vambéry. [SBBR14p115]
    • He is invited to speak at the former House of Magnates in the National Museum Building by the founder of the Hungarian Turanian Society, Alajos Paikert. ['Abdu'l-Bahá in Budapest p4]
    Budapest; Hungary Arminius Vambéry; Alajos Paikert; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1913 13 Apr `Abdu'l-Bahá is sick and the weather is bitterly cold. He goes to the studio of Professor Robert A. Nadler of the Royal Academy of Art to sit for a portrait. He gives him a total of three sittings during His visit to Budapest. [AB387, MRHK368-9]
    • "The portrait is remarkable not only because of its art, but also because of its later miraculous fate. Reportedly, after heavy bombing in 1945, only that part of the building in which the painting was hung remained unharmed." [Renée Szanto-Felbermann Two Portraits p3, Rebirth: Memoirs of Renée Szanto-Felbermann p159]
    • The painting is purchased and taken to the Bahá'í World Centre in 1972. [SBBR14p118]
    • In the afternoon He visits the home of Sirdar Omrah Singh. [AB387]

    • In spite of a raging blizzard a good many attend His address at the hotel in the evening. [AB387]

    Budapest; Hungary Professor Robert A. Nadler; portrait; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1913 14 Apr His plan had been to leave but His departure is delayed due to a request from the president of the Túránian Society, Count Pal Teleki, who later becomes the Hungarian Prime Minister two times.
    • In the afternoon 'Abu'l-Bahá visits Arminius Vambéry at his home again and some time later sends him a tablet and a carpet by the post. It was reported in "Star of the West" (February 1929) that this tablet was in possession of Arminius's son, Rusztem Vámbéry. [SBBR14p115, 125, AB387, SoW9Vol9p24]
    • At a meeting of the Túránian Society in the grand hall of the National Museum 'Abdu'l-Bahá gives a lecture entitled "Peace Between Nations and Religions" to some 200 people. The talk is translated into Hungarian by Leopold Stark and into English by Mirza Ahmad Sohrab. [SBBR14p113, ABM318]
    • 'Alí Abbás Áqá, a Tabrízí carpet merchant, hosts a dinner party in His honour. Among those attending is the Turkish Consul. [AB387, MRHK367, SBBR14p113]
    Budapest; Hungary Arminius Vambéry; Leopold Stark; Count Pal Teleki; 'Ali Abbas Áqa; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1913 15 Apr 'Abdu'l-Bahá's planned departure is delayed a second time due to a severe cold. He is attended by Mr and Mrs Stark as well as Sirda Omrah Singh. He continues to meet visitors in His hotel during this period. [MRHK369] Budapest; Hungary Mr and Mrs Stark; Sirda Omrah Singh; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1913 18 or19 Apr `Abdu'l-Bahá leaves Budapest and travels to Vienna by rail, reaching the city in the evening and taking residence in the Grand Hotel. It is estimated that some 30 people accepted the Faith during His visit. [AB388, SBBR14p120] Vienna; Budapest; Hungary `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1913 24 Apr `Abdu'l-Bahá leaves Vienna and returns to Stuttgart, where He arrives in the early hours of the next morning. [AB389] Stuttgart; Vienna `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1913 1 May `Abdu'l-Bahá leaves Stuttgart and returns to Paris. [AB391] Stuttgart; Paris `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1913 13 May Birth of H. Collis Featherstone, Hand of the Cause of God, at Quorn, South Australia. Quorn; South Australia H. Collis Featherstone; Hand of the Cause of God
    1913 12 Jun `Abdu'l-Bahá leaves Paris for Marseilles, arriving the same evening. [AB395]

    In total 'Abdu'-Bahá spent about 171 days in Paris.

    3 October to 2 December 1911 - 60 days          
     21 January to 30 March 1913 - 69 days          
           1 May to 12 June 1913 - 42 days          
                          Total   171 days          
    Marseilles; Paris `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1913 13 Jun `Abdu'l-Bahá leaves Marseilles on the S. S. Himalaya for Port Said. [AB395]
    • He sends a telegram to Haifa instructing the many pilgrims awaiting his return to come to Port Said. Because of the great numbers who come, there isn't sufficient hotel accommodations and a large tent is erected on the roof in which to hold meetings. SoW Vol 4 No 7 p121.
    Marseilles; Port Said S. S. Himalaya; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1913 13 Jun - 2 Dec At some time during His stay in Egypt 'Abdu'l-Bahá meets with Sir Ronald Storrs who presents Him to Lord Kitchener. [BW10p192,194]
    • 'Abdu'l-Bahá presents him with a specimen of writing by Mishkín-Qalam and His own Persian pen box.
    Egypt Sir Ronald Storrs; Lord Kitchener; Mishkin-Qalam
    1913 10 Jul `Abdu'l-Bahá goes to Ismá`ílíyyah, where the weather is less humid. [AB399–400] Isma`iliyyah
    1913 17 Jul `Abdu'l-Bahá travels to Ramleh. [AB400] Ramleh
    1913 23 Jul Lua Getsinger arrives at Port Said. [AB400] Port Said Lua Getsinger
    1913 1 Aug Shoghi Effendi, the Greatest Holy Leaf and the eldest daughter of `Abdu'l-Bahá arrive in Egypt. [AB401]
    • During this period Tamaddun'ul-Mulk (who had been in London during His first visit) attempts to divide the Bahá'ís of Tehran and Dr Amínu'llah Farid's increasingly erratic behaviour brought Him much suffering and sorrow. [AB402]
    Ramlih; Egypt Greatest Holy Leaf; Covenant-breakers
    1913 14 Oct Daniel Jenkyn, from England, makes a two-week trip through the Netherlands, the first time a Bahá'í journeys to the country to teach the Faith. [SBR43–4] Netherlands Daniel Jenkyn; travel teaching First teaching trip to the Netherlands
    1913 Dec Áqá Abu'l-Qásim-i-Isfandábádí is killed by two assailants in Qúzih-Kúh, Bavánát, Fárs. [BW18:387] Qúzih-Kúh; Bavánát; Fárs. Áqa Abu'l-Qasim-i-Isfandabadi
    1913 2 Dec `Abdu'l-Bahá boards a Lloyd Triestino boat bound for Haifa. [AB402] Haifa; Lloyd Triestino
    1914 Hippolyte Dreyfus and Laura Barney travel around the world teaching the Faith. [BFA2:353]

    Hippolyte Dreyfus; Laura Barney; travel teaching; The Great War
    1914 Mr Husayn Uskuli and two Bahá'ís friends arrive in Shanghai from 'Ishqábád. His family joins him. [PH28-29, BW13p871-872] 'Ishqábád; Shanghai; Husayn Uskuli
    1914 The publication of Kitáb-i Badáyi'u'l-Áthár written by Mírza Mahmúd-i Zarqání. by Elegant Photo-Litho Press in Bombay. The English translation, Mahmúd's Diary, was published in 1998 by George Ronald Publisher. [APD151]

    "Mírzá Mahmúd was a careful and faithful chronicler and engaged in assembling and publishing his work with the permission of the beloved Master . . ." (The Universal House of Justice - a letter dated April 30, 1984 addressed to the National Spiritual Assembly of the Bahá'ís of the United States).

    Bombay; Mahmud's Diary; Mirza Mahmud-i Zarqani.
    1914 9 Jan John Ferraby, Hand of the Cause of God, is born in Southsea, England. Southsea; England John Ferraby; Hand of the Cause of God
    1914 21 Jan Mírzá Abu'l-Fadl-i-Gulpáygání, Apostle of Bahá'u'lláh, passes away in Cairo. [AB404; BBD67]
    • For a brief biography see EM263–5, SDH113.
    • His resting place is now next to that of Lua Getsinger in the Bahá'í cemetery in Cairo.
    • His numerous works include Fará'id (The Peerless Gems) 1898; The Brilliant Proof; 1912; Bahá'í Proofs, 1902; and Al-Duraru'l-Bahíyih (The Shining Pearls, published in English as Miracles and Metaphors), 1900. [BBD7]
    Cairo Mirza Abu'l-Fadl-i-Gulpaygani; Apostle of Baha'u'llah; Lua Getsinger; Baha'i cemetery; In Memoriam
    1914 Jun George Augur arrives in Japan. [BFA2:53; sBR191]
    • He is the first Bahá'í to reside in the country. [SBR191]
    • For a biography of George Augur see SBR187–98.
    Japan George Augur First Bahá'í to reside in Japan
    1914 28 Jun The heir to the Austrian throne is assassinated in Sarajevo. Sarajevo
    1914 29 Jun `Abdu'l-Bahá instructs the remaining pilgrims in the Holy Land to leave. [AB406]
    • CH191 says the American pilgrims left on the last boat from Haifa to Alexandria on 15 Jan. 1915.
    Haifa
    1914 Middle of the year The defection of Dr Amín Faríd, `Abdu'l-Bahá's translator while in America, becomes publicly known. [AB407]
    • For his activities against `Abdu'l-Bahá see AB230, 402, 407–9.
    Dr Amin Farid; Covenant-breakers
    1914 28 Jul The Great War (1914–18) breaks out in Europe. (28 July, 1914 to 11 November, 1918)

    Austria declares war on Serbia.

    Europe The Great War
    1914 4 Aug England declares war on Germany. The Great War
    1914 27 Aug Áqá Mírzá Yúsif-i-Qá'iní is killed in Mashhad. [BW18:387] Mashhad Aqa Mirza Yusif-i-Qa'ini; Iranian persecution
    1914 1 Nov Turkey enters the war on the side of the Central Powers.
    • Palestine is blockaded and Haifa is bombarded. [GPB304]
    • `Abdu'l-Bahá sends the Bahá'ís to the Druze village of Abú-Sinán for asylum. [AB411; DH124; GPB304]
    • For `Abdu'l-Bahá in war time see CH188–228.
    • `Abdu'l-Bahá had grown and stored corn in the years leading up to the war and was now able to feed not only local people but the British army. [AB415, 418; CH210; GPB304, 306]
    • See CH209–10 for other villages inhabited by Bahá'ís.
    Palestine; Abu-Sinan The Great War; Central Powers
    1914 6 Nov Agnes Alexander arrives in Japan. [TR30]
    • She lives there for a total of thirty–two years. [PH32]
    • See also W2:42–4 and Sims, Traces That Remain.
    Japan Agnes Alexander
    1915 (in the year) Jamál Páshá, Commander of the 4th Army Corps of the Turkish army, is put in military control of Syria, including the Holy Land. [AB412]
    • For an account of his relationship with ‘Abdu’l-Bahá see AB412–14.
    • He threatens to crucify ‘Abdu’l-Bahá and to destroy the Shrine of Bahá’u’lláh. [AB414; GPB304, 317]
    Haifa; Akka Jamal Pasha; Shrine of Baha’u’llah; ‘Abdu’l-Baha
    1915 A plan to fund part-time travelling Bahá’í teachers in the USA and Canada is approved. There had been a great deal of reluctance to take this measure for fear of creating a "clergy" class but the vastness of the country and the fewness of believers of independent means as well as the impetus to teaching sparked by 'Abdu'l-Bahá's visit helped to take the decision. [BBRSM:105, 219] USA and Canada subsidizing of travel teachers
    1915 Mírzá Husayn-i-Hudá is martyred in Urúmíyyih. [BW18:387] Urúmíyyih; Iran; Mirza Husayn-i-Huda; martyr
    1915 14 Mar Shaykh ‘Alí Akbar-i-Qúchání is shot to death in Mashhad. Considerable anti-Bahá’í agitation follows and many Bahá’ís are forced to seek sanctuary. Three hundred people are arrested. [BBRXXX; BW18:387; GPB298–9] Mashhad Shaykh ‘Alí Akbar-i-Qúchání; Iranian persecution
    1915 19-25 Apr The Panama-Pacific International Exposition is held in San Francisco and the 24th of April is declared International Bahá'í Congress Day. [BW8:797-808] San Francisco International Baha'i Congress; Panama-Pacific International Exposition
    1915 May The Bahá'ís of Haifa and `Akká return to their homes from the village of Abú-Sinán. [DH147] Haifa; `Akká; Abú-Sinán
    1915 16 Jun Miss Margaret Green of Washington DC arrives in Alaska, the first known resident Bahá'í. Washington DC; Alaska Margaret Green Margaret Green is the first know resident Bahá'í in Alaska.
    1915 Latter half `Abdu'l-Bahá's Memorials of the Faithful takes shape. [AB417; MFXII]
    • `Abdu'l-Bahá tells stories of Bahá'í heroes and heroines to the weekly gatherings of Bahá'ís in Haifa. These are compiled and published as a book. [AB417]
    • The book is not published until 1924. [AB417; MFXII]
    `Abdu'l-Baha; Memorials of the Faithful
    1915 11 Oct Arthur Pillsbury Dodge, Disciple of `Abdu'l-Bahá, passes away in Freeport, New York. [sBR15]
    • For biographies see BFA1:116-17, SBR1-16 and SW6, 13:100-1.
    • For his obituary see SW6, 19:161-7.
    • Dodge's books include The Truth of It (1901) [SW6, 13:101] and Whence? Why? Wither? (1907). [SW6, 13:101]
    Freeport; New York Arthur Pillsbury Dodge; Disciple of `Abdu'l-Baha; In Memoriam
    1916 The United States census shows 2,884 Bahá'ís. [BBRSM:105; SBBH1:117] USA statistics
    1916 (in the year) Anthony Yuen Seto and his wife Mamie Lorettta O'Connor become Bahá'ís in Hawaii. Mr Seto is the first Chinese Bahá'í in the Hawaiian Islands and the first Chinese-American Bahá'í in the United States. [PH30] Hawaii Anthony Yuen Seto; Lorettta O'Connor The first Chinese-American Bahá'í in the United States.
    1916 22 Feb In Sultánábád Mírzá `Alí-Akbar, his wife, his sister-in-law (aged 12) and their four children (aged from 46 days to 11 years) are killed by having their throats cut. [BW18:387; GPB299]
    • See DB610 for picture.
    Sultanabad Mirza `Ali-Akbar; Iranian persecution
    1916 26 Mar-22 Apr `Abdu'l-Bahá reveals eight of the Tablets of the Divine Plan. [AB420; BBD219 BBRSM157; SBBH132-3; TDPX]
    • For the order and place of their revelation see AB420-2 and TDP.
    • For a description of their content see AB422-3.
    • Shoghi Effendi characterizes them as a `mandate' and a `supreme charter for teaching'. [GPB255; TDPVII]
    • The Tablets can be found at TDP on the pages indicated:
    • 1st (Page 1) Tablet to the Bahá’ís of the Northeastern States. Revealed on March 26, 1916, in ‘Abdu’l‑Bahá’s room at the house in Bahjí, addressed to the Bahá’ís of nine Northeastern States of the United States: Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Vermont, Pennsylvania, New Jersey and New York.
    • 2nd (Page 2) Tablet to the Bahá’ís of the Southern States. Revealed on March 27, 1916, in the garden adjacent to the Shrine of Bahá’u’lláh, addressed to the Bahá’ís of sixteen Southern States of the United States: Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee, Kentucky, Louisiana, Arkansas, Oklahoma and Texas.
    • 3rd (Page 3) Tablet to the Bahá’ís of the Central States. Revealed on March 29, 1916, outside the house in Bahjí, and addressed to the Bahá’ís of twelve Central States of the United States: Michigan, Wisconsin, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska and Kansas.
    • 4th (Page 4) Tablet to the Bahá’ís of the Western States. Revealed on April 1, 1916, in ‘Abdu’l‑Bahá’s room at the house in Bahjí, addressed to the Bahá’ís of eleven Western States of the United States: New Mexico, Colorado, Arizona, Nevada, California, Wyoming, Utah, Montana, Idaho, Oregon and Washington.
    • 5th (Page 5) Tablet to the Bahá’ís of Canada and Greenland. Revealed on April 5, 1916, in the garden adjacent to the Shrine of Bahá’u’lláh, and addressed to the Bahá’ís of Canada—Newfoundland, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Quebec, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, Alberta, British Columbia, Yukon, Mackenzie, Keewatin, Ungava, Franklin Islands—and Greenland.
    • 6th (Page 6) Tablet to the Bahá’ís of the United States and Canada. Revealed on April 8, 1916, in the garden outside the Shrine of Bahá’u’lláh, and addressed to the Bahá’ís of the United States and Canada.
    • 7th (Page 8) Tablet to the Bahá’ís of the United States and Canada. Revealed on April 11, 1916, in ‘Abdu’l‑Bahá’s room at the house in Bahjí, and addressed to the Bahá’ís of the United States and Canada.
    • 8th (Page 11) Tablet to the Bahá’ís of the United States and Canada. Revealed on April 19, 1916, in ‘Abdu’l‑Bahá’s room at the house in Bahjí; on April 20, in the pilgrims’ quarters of the house in Bahjí; on April 22, in the garden adjacent to the Shrine of Bahá’u’lláh, and addressed to the Bahá’ís of the United States and Canada.
    Haifa `Abdu'l-Baha; Tablets of the Divine Plan
    1916 Apr or May The first Chinese Bahá'í in China, Chen Hai An (Harold A. Chen), becomes a Bahá'í in Chicago through the efforts of Dr Zia Baghdádí. [PH29-30]
    • PH30 says this was 1919 but this is clearly a typographical error.
    • He returns to China in December 1916.
    China; Chicago Chen Hai An (Harold A. Chen); Dr Zia Baghdadi The first Chinese Bahá'í in China
    1916 1 May Lua Getsinger, Disciple of `Abdu'l-Bahá, dies of heart failure in Cairo. [BBD87; SW7, 4:29]
    • For an her obituary see SW7, 4:29-30.
    • She is buried in the Protestant Cemetery in Cairo. In 1939 a court ruling enables the Bahá'ís to reinter her in the first Bahá'í cemetery established in Egypt. Her grave is now beside that of Mírzá Abu'l-Fadl. [GPB344]
    • See also Sears and Quigley, The Flame.
    Cairo Lua Getsinger; Disciple of `Abdu'l-Baha; Baha'i cemetery; Mirza Abu'l-Fadl; In Memoriam
    1916 summer Mr Vasily Eroshenko, a young blind Russian, visits Thailand, the first Bahá'í to do so. Thailand Mr Vasily Eroshenko First Bahá'í to visit Thailand.
    1916 28 Jul Mullá Nasru'lláh-i-Shahmírzádí is martyred at Sangsar, Khurásán. [BW18:387] Sangsar; Khurasan Mulla Nasru'llah-i-Shahmirzadi; Iranian persecution
    1916 8 Sep The first five Tablets of the Tablets of the Divine Plan are published in Star of the West. [BBD219; 5w7, 10:87-91]
    • For editorial comment see SW7, 10:86.
    • After this, communication is cut off with the Holy Land. [BBD219]
    Chicago Tablets of the Divine Plan; Star of the West
    1917 The passing of Hand of the Cause of God Hájí Mírzá Muhammad-Taqíy-i- Abharí (Ibn-i-Abhar). He was born in 1853/4 in Abhar.
    • For four years he suffered in Síyáh-Chál wearing the very same chains as Bahá’u’lláh had worn in 1852.
    • His services during the time of the Master included teaching journeys through Persia, the Caucasus and India. He also made some eleven journeys to the Holy Land with the permission of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá.
    • A special service rendered by Ibn-i-Abhar was the promotion of the education of women. He and his wife played an important part in the advancement of women in Persian society.
    • In 1886 Bahá’u’lláh appointed him a Hand of the Cause. He died in 1917. [LoF13-16, BBD114, EB268]
    Abhar Hand appointed by Baha'u'llah; In Memoriam; Hand of the Cause of God; Haji Mirza Muhammad-Taqiy-i- Abhari; Ibn-i-Abhar
    1917 (in the year) By this year at least a hundred Bahá'í hooks and pamphlets have been produced in English. [BBRSM:103-4] Literature
    1917 Foreign troops occupy nearly all of neutral Iran. [AB416; BBRSM:87] Iran;
    1917 The passing of Ibn-i-Abhar (Mullá Muhammad Taqí), Hand of the Cause of God. [BBD114; EB268] Ibn-i-Abhar (Mulla Muhammad Taqi) Hand of the Cause; In Memoriam
    1917 The Nownahalan (literally `saplings') Company is founded as a thrift club for Bahá'í children in Iran. [BI13]
    • See BI13 for its non-profit and charitable activities.
    Iran; Nownahalan Company
    1917 2 Feb-8 Mar `Abdu'l-Bahá reveals six Tablets of the Divine Plan. [AB422; BBD219]
    • As there is no communication with America at this time, the Tablets are stored in a vault under the Shrine of the Báb. [BBD219]
    • The Tablets can be found at TDP on the pages indicated:
    • 9th (Page 14)Tablet to the Bahá’ís of the Northeastern States. Revealed on February 2, 1917, in Ismá’íl Áqá’s room at the house of ‘Abdu’l‑Bahá in Haifa, and addressed to the Bahá’ís of the nine Northeastern States of the United States: Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Vermont, Pennsylvania, New Jersey and New York.
    • 10th (Page 16)Tablet to the Bahá’ís of the Southern States. Revealed on February 3, 1917, in Haifa in Ismá’íl Áqá’s room, and addressed to the Bahá’ís of the sixteen Southern States of the United States: Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee, Kentucky, Louisiana, Arkansas, Oklahoma and Texas.
    • 11th (Page 18)Tablet to the Bahá’ís of the Central States. Revealed on February 8, 1917, in Bahá’u’lláh’s room at the house of Abbúd in ‘Akká, and addressed to the Bahá’ís of the twelve Central States of the United States: Michigan, Wisconsin, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska and Kansas.
    • 12th (Page 20)Tablet to the Bahá’ís of the Western States. Revealed on February 15, 1917, in Bahá’u’lláh’s room at the house of Abbúd in ‘Akká, and addressed to the Bahá’ís of the eleven Western States of the United States: New Mexico, Colorado, Arizona, Nevada, California, Wyoming, Utah, Montana, Idaho, Oregon and Washington.
    • 13th (Page 21)Tablet to the Bahá’ís of Canada and Greenland. Revealed on February 21, 1917, in Bahá’u’lláh’s room at the house of Abbúd in ‘Akká, and addressed to the Bahá’ís of Canada—Newfoundland, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Quebec, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, Alberta, British Columbia, Yukon, Mackenzie, Keewatin, Ungava, Franklin Islands—and Greenland.
    • 14th (Page 23)Tablet to the Bahá’ís of the United States and Canada. Revealed on March 8, 1917, in the summerhouse (Ismá’íl Áqá’s room) at ‘Abdu’l‑Bahá’s house in Haifa, and addressed to the Bahá’ís of the United States and Canada.
    Haifa `Abdu'l-Baha; Tablets of the Divine Plan
    1917 17 Feb A mob in Najafábád disinters the bodies from two Bahá'í graves. A general agitation against Bahá'ís follows. The Bahá'ís are boycotted in the bazaar and public baths and 32 are arrested. [BW18:387] Najafabad Iranian persecution
    1917 6 Apr The United States enters World War I.
    • See CF36 for Shoghi Effendi's opinion of its participation in the war.
    World War I; Shoghi Effendi
    1917 2 May The martyrdom of Mírzá Muhammad-i-Bulúr-Furúsh in Yazd. [BBRXXX, BBR443] Yazd Mirza Muhammad-i-Bulur-Furush; Iranian persecution
    1917 Nov `Abdu'l-Bahá sends a message to the Bahá'ís of the world assuring them of His safety. [AB412]
    • The Tablet is carried by an aged Arab Bahá'í, Hájí Ramadán. It takes him 45 days to walk from `Akká to Tihrán. On his return trip he brings gold and messages. [AB412; CH206-7]
    • For text of the Tablet see CH207-8.
    Haifa; Tihran `Abdu'l-Baha; World War I; Haji Ramadan
    1917 9 Dec General Allenby enters Jerusalem. [AB425]
    • Major Wellesley Tudor Pole risks court martial to alert the British Cabinet of the danger to `Abdu'l-Bahá. [ER169]
    Jerusalem General Allenby; Major Wellesley Tudor Pole; `Abdu'l-Baha
    1918 (in the year) Shoghi Effendi finishes his education in Arts and Sciences at the American University at Beirut. [DH148; GBF9]
    • He receives a Bachelor of Arts degree. [GBF:9]
    • He serves as `Abdu'l-Bahá's secretary for two years before resuming his education in England. [DH148; GBF9; PP26-7]
    • For a picture of Shoghi Effendi at this time see BW13:131, GBF50-1 and PP88-9.
    Beirut Shoghi Effendi; American University
    1918 Shaykh Kázim-i-Samandar, Apostle of Bahá'u'lláh, passes away early in the year.
    • For the story of his life see EB191-215.
    Iran; Shaykh Kazim-i-Samandar; Apostle of Baha'u'llah; In Memoriam
    1918 Jan The British Bahá'ís alert the Foreign Office about the importance of ensuring `Abdu'l-Bahá's safety in Haifa. [BBR332-5; CH219; GPB305-6]

    CH219 says this was in the Spring but letters to the Foreign Office are dated Jan 1918.

    • For the actions of Lady Blomfield see BBR333, CH219-20, AB425-26 and ER169.
    • For the role of Major Wellesley Tudor Pole see BBR332-3; CH222-5; and ER168-70.
    Haifa British Foreign Office; `Abdu'l-Baha; Lady Blomfield; Major Wellesley Tudor Pole
    1918 Mar The British Military Administration of Palestine begins. [BBR488]
    • Sir Ronald Storrs is detached from Jerusalem to organize the British Administration in Haifa. 'Abdu'l-Bahá offers him His staff and a gift of a little Bokkara rug from the Shrine of the Báb. He returns the visit to Sir Ronald at a later date in Jerusalem. [BW10 194-5]
    Palestine British Military Administration; Sir Ronald Storrs
    1918 15 Mar Áqá Mírzá Javád, I`timádu't-Tujjár, is shot in Bandar Jaz and the houses of the Bahá'ís are looted, causing the death of Javád's 14-year-old nephew. [BW18:387] Bandar Jaz; Iran; Áqa Mirza Javad; I`timadu't-Tujjar; Iranian persecution
    1918 18 Sep Allenby begins his last offensive against Haifa. [BBR335] Haifa General Allenby
    1918 23 Sep The British army takes Haifa. [BBR335; DH148, Scroll In 68095]
    • For details of the battle see BBR335-6.
    • For letters from the British authorities stating that `Abdu'l-Bahá is safe see BBR336-7.
    Haifa `Abdu'l-Baha
    1918 Sep 23 The 1st Battle of Haifa: The battle was won due to a courageous uphill assault by the Jodhpur Lancers of the Indian Army which took the German and Turkish artillery and machine gun emplacements on top of Mount Carmel by surprise. This attack is believed to have been one of the last cavalry charge in modern military history. Each year, on this date, the Indian Army commemorates this victory as Haifa Day.

    "During the early years of World War I, though no longer imprisoned, ‘Abdu’l-Baha faced repeated threats against His life by authorities that were antagonistic toward Him and the Baha’is. The Commander of the Ottoman fourth army corps had even threatened to crucify ‘Abdu’l-Baha if the Turkish army were ever to be displaced out of Haifa." Lady Bloomfield in London had learned of this threat and through her contacts in Cabinet the British Army were instructed to protect Him and His family. [BWNS69, BWNS1202]

    Mount Carmel; Israel battle; Jodhpur Lancers; Indian Army; German; Turkish; Turkey; Haifa Day
    1918 23 Dec Ahmad Sohrab leaves the Holy Land to take the Tablets of the Divine Pan to America. [AB434] Haifa Tablets of the Divine Plan; Ahmad Sohrab
    1919 (in the year) Amelia Collins, Hand of the Cause, becomes a Bahá'í in Pasadena, California. [PSBW74] Pasadena; California Amelia Collins; Hand of the Cause
    1919 Ibrahim Kheiralla dies, having been abandoned by all of his followers. [CB252] Ibrahim Kheiralla; Covenant-breaker
    1919 The first Norwegian to accept the Faith, Johanna Christensen-Schubarth, `the mother of the Norwegian Bahá'í Community', becomes a Bahá'í in the United States. [BW12:694-6]. USA Johanna Christensen-Schubarth; the mother of the Norwegian Baha'i Community The first Norwegian to accept the Faith, Johanna Christensen-Schubarth
    1919 13 Apr The passing of Phoebe Apperson Hearst (b. 3 December, 1842) in her home in Pleasanton, California during the worldwide influenza epidemic of 1918-1919. She was buried at Cypress Lawn Memorial Park, Colma, California. [Find a grave] Pleasanton; California; Colma; California. Phoebe Apperson Hearst; In Memoriam
    1919 26 Apr-1 May The 14 Tablets of the Divine Plan are unveiled in a dramatic ceremony at the Hotel McAlpin in New York, during the `Convention of the Covenant'. [BBD219; PP437; SBBH1:134; SBBH2:135; SBR86; TDPXI]
    • For details of the convention programme, Tablets and talks given see SW10, 4:54-72; SW10, 5:83-94; SW10, 6:99-103, 111-12 SW10, 7:122-7, 138; SW10, 10:197-203; and SW10, 12:2279.
    • Mary Maxwell (Rúhíyyih Khánum) is among the young people who unveil the Tablets. [PP437]
    • Agnes Parsons arrives from her pilgrimage just before the close of the convention and is able to convey the instructions from `Abdu'l-Bahá to arrange a Convention for `the unity of the coloured and white races'. [BW5:413; SBR87]
    • Hyde and Clara Dunn and Martha Root respond immediately to the appeal, the Dunns going to Australia where they open 700 towns to the Faith, and Martha Root embarking on the first of her journeys which are to extend over 20 years. [GPB308; MR88]
    • See also CT138-9.
    Hotel McAlpin in New York; Australia Tablets of the Divine Plan; `Convention of the Covenant; Mary Maxwell (Ruhiyyih Khanum); Agnes Parsons; pilgrimage; `Abdu'l-Baha; Hyde and Clara Dunn; Martha Root
    1919 28 Jun The Treaty of Versailles is concluded. Versailles Treaty of Versailles
    1919 22 Jul Martha Root leaves New York on the first of her teaching journeys for the Bahá'í Faith. [MR90] New York Martha Root
    1919 c. 4 Aug Martha Root sets foot in South America for the first time, at Para (Belém), Brazil. [MR93; MRHK44]
    • See MR93-100 and MRHK44-59 for her teaching work in Brazil.
    South America; Para (Belé; m); Brazil Martha Root
    1919 13 Aug Adíb, Mírzá Hasan Táliqání, Hand of the Cause of God, passes away in Tihrán. [BBD98]

    EB273 says he died on 2 September.

    • For a brief history of his life see EB272-3.
    Tihrán; Tehran; Adib; Mirza Hasan Taliqani; Hand of the Cause of God; In Memoriam
    1919 2 Sep The passing of Mírzá Muhammad-Hasan, entitled Adíbu'l-'Ulamá, know as Adíb in Tihrán. He was born in Talaqán in 1848 and became a Bahá’í around 1889.
  • Bahá’u’lláh appointed him a Hand of the Cause of God. [SDH138-140]
  • He was one of the founders of the Tarbíyat Schools in Tihrán. He died in Tihrán. [LoF17-18]
  • Tihrán; Tehran; Talaqán Hand appointed by Baha'u'llah; In Memoriam; Mirza Muhammad-Hasan; Adibu'l-'Ulama; Adib; Hand of the Cause of God
    1919 19 Sep Martha Root arrives in Montevideo, Uruguay, the first Bahá'í to visit the country.
    • She spends 12 hours in the city, gives books to two libraries and places an article about the Faith in the newspaper El Dia.
    Montevideo; Uruguay Martha Root the first Bahá'í to visit Uruguay
    1919 20 Sep Martha Root arrives in Argentina, the first recorded visit of a Bahá'í to this country. [MR101]
    • She remains in Buenos Aires until 4 October. [MR101]
    • See MR101-2 and MRHK61-5 for her teaching work in Argentina.
    • See MR103-6 and MRHK66-9 for her journey over the Andes on a mule.
    Buenos Aires; Argentina Martha Root; Andes the first recorded visit of a Bahá'í to Argentina
    1919 Oct Martha Root visits Chile, the first Bahá'í to do so.
    • During her four-hour stay in Valparaiso she meets with the Theosophical Society to speak about the Bahá'í Faith.
    Chile Martha Root; Theosophical Society
    1919 25 Oct Martha Root arrives in Panama, the first Bahá'í to visit the country. She spends one week there. Panama Martha Root the first Bahá'í to visit Panama,
    1919 Nov William Harry Randall, an American, asks `Abdu'l-Bahá if he might contribute to the building of the Western Pilgrim House. [DH179]
    • Plans are drawn up and work begun but the funds available are insufficient to continue the work until 1923, when money is contributed by Amelia Collins. [BBD178; DH180; GPB307]
    Haifa William Harry Randall; `Abdu'l-Baha; Western Pilgrim House; Amelia Collins
    1919 18 Nov The periodical entitled "The Magazine of the Children of the Kingdom" was published and distributed by Miss Ella Roberts from 1919 to 1924. [Encyclopedia of Women and Religion in North America: Native American creation stories, edited by Rosemary Skinner Keller, Rosemary Radford Ruether, Marie Cantlon p.782-783]
    • The story of the naming of the magazine...
        Margaret Randall told of the establishment of a Bahá'í Junior Magazine and asked 'Abdu'l-Bahá for a name for it. The Master was told who had charge of it, and His face lighted up with a beautiful smile as He said: "The name is The Magazine of the Children of the Kingdom. Who writes it? This (name) is suitable for it. [WHR128-129]
    • See A Compilation on Bahá’í Education #96 for a tablet by 'Abdu'l-Bahá to the children of the Bahá’í school, Urbana, Illinois found here.
    • See A Compilation on Bahá’í Education #102 for a tribute to the magazine by Shoghi Effendi found here. He called it "first and only organ of the Bahá’í youth throughout the world".
    • At the American National Convention in 1925 (July 4 - 9) it was reported that "The Magazine of the Children of the Kingdom", edited by Ella Roberts and "Bahá’í World Fellowship" edited by Mrs. Victoria Bedikian had merged. ["Bahá’í News Letter" #6 Jul-Aug 1925 p.6]
    Hailfa; The Magazine of the Children of the Kingdom first publication for Bahá'í youth.
    1919 17 Dec `Abdu'l-Bahá sends His `Tablet to the Central Organization for a Durable Peace at the Hague' in response to a communication addressed to Him by the executive committee. [AB438; BBD1 15; GPB308]
    • It is delivered in person by Ibn-i-Asdaq. [EB176]
    • It defines the Bahá'í peace programme. [BW3:12]
    • For the text of the Tablet see AB438-9.
    Haifa `Abdu'l-Baha; Tablet to the Central Organization for a Durable Peace at the Hague; Ibn-i-Asdaq; Baha'i peace programme
    1919 Late Martha Root visits Cuba for one day, the first Bahá'í to do so, and lectures on the Bahá'í Faith. Cuba Martha Root the first Bahá'í to visit Cuba
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