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Bahá'í Chronology: years 198-

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198-

date event locations tags firsts see also
1980 The first local spiritual assemblies in Guinea are formed. Guinea LSA first LSA in Guinea
1980 Yee Wah Sing, the first Fiji-born person to become a Bahá’í in Fiji, enrols. [BN596:14] Fiji First Bahais by country or area first indigenous Bahá’í in Fiji
1980 The persecution of the Bahá’ís of Iran continues throughout the year. [BW18:92]
  • Twenty–four Bahá’ís are executed or otherwise killed. [BW18:229–30]
  • BW18:291–2 shows a slightly different, incorrect list.
  • For pictures of the martyrs see BW18:293–305 and BW19:236–46.
  • For accounts of some of the martyrdoms see BW18:275–81.
  • Twelve Bahá’ís disappear and are presumed dead. [BW19:235]
  • For a list of resolutions adopted by the United Nations, regional bodies, national and provincial governments, and other actions taken, see BW18:92–6.
  • For a list of the actions taken by the Bahá’í International Community, Bahá’í institutions and others see BW18:339–41, 415–17.
Iran martyr; religious persecution; United Nations; BIC
1980 The publication of Stories from the Delight of Hearts - The Memoirs of Hají Mírzá Haydar-Alí was translated by A Q Faizi and published by Kalimat in 1980. Haji Mirza Haydar-Ali; Abul-Qasim Faizi
1980 18 Jan The publication of the compilation on Divorce by the Universal House of Justice. [MUHJ63-86p404] BWC Divorce
1980 12 Feb Hasan M. Balyuzi, Hand of the Cause of God, passes away in London. (b. 7 September, 1908) [BW18:635; VV52]
  • For his obituary see BW18:635–51 and SBBR5:XI–XX.
  • Shoghi Effendi had appointed him among the third contingent on the 2nd of October, 1957. [MoCxxiii]
London Hasan M. Balyuzi; Hand of the Cause; In Memoriam; Appointment Hand - Third Contingent
1980 25 Feb Robert Hayden, much-honoured American poet, passes away in Ann Arbor, Michigan. [BW18:717]
  • For his obituary see BW18:715–17.
  • See also Hatcher, From The Auroral Darkness: The Life and Poetry of Robert Hayden.
  • See Bahá'í World 1994-95 pg249 for an article by Anne Boyles entitled "The Language of the Heart: Arts in the Bahá'í World Community" for mention of Robert Hayden.
Ann Arbor; Michigan Robert Hayden
1980 Feb The persecution of the Bahá’ís in Iran enters a new, more dangerous phase. [BW18:255]
  • Prominent Bahá’ís are abducted. [BW18:256]
  • The homes of members of the National Spiritual Assembly are raided. [BW18:256]
Iran NSA; religious persecution
1980 Mar The first Bahá’í Summer School of the Cameroon Republic is held in Victoria. [BW18:166] Victoria summer school first Bahá’í Summer School of the Cameroon Republic
1980 3 Mar Publication by the Universal House of Justice of the compilation on The Importance of Prayer, Meditation and the Devotional Attitude. [MUHJ63-86p404] BWC Prayer; Meditation; Compilations
1980 Apr Eight Bahá’ís are arrested in Tabríz; five are released after signing an agreement not to take part in Bahá’í administrative activities. [BW18:256]
  • Two of the others, members of the local assembly, are put on trial and executed on 14 July 1982. [BW18:256]
Tabríz religious persecution
1980 Ridván The National Spiritual Assembly of Transkei is formed with its seat in Umtata. [BW18:107, 163] Umtata NSA first NSA Transkei
1980 2 May The Bahá’ís of India commemorate the centenary of the founding of the Bahá’í Faith in their country with a reception attended by about 400 guests, including the Minister of Foreign Affairs. [BW18:246–7] India
1980 2 May The first Bahá’í International Conference on Health and Healing is held in Ottawa, Canada, under the sponsorship of the Association for Bahá’í Studies. [BW 18:201] Ottawa; Canada Bahai Studies, Associations for; Bahai conferences; Health conferences first Bahá’í International Conference on Health and Healing
1980 14 Jul Two of the Bahá’ís arrested in Tabríz in April are executed. [BW18:256] Tabríz religious persecution
1980 27 Jul The death of Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi in Cairo. (b.26 October, 1919 in Tehran).
  • Shah of Iran from 16 September, 1941 to 11 February. He came to power after an Anglo-Soviet invasion forced the abdication of his father, Reza Shah.
  • He had been diagnosed with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia in April 1974 by the French haematologist Professor Jean Bernard, [David Owen]
  • He fled Iran on 17 January and flew to Aswan, Egypt where he was welcomed by President Anwar El-Sadat.
  • Later he lived in Marrakech, Moraocco as a guest of King Hassan II.
  • And then Paradise Island in the Bahamas,
  • then Cuernavace, Mexico, near Mexico City where his medical conditon deteriorated.
  • On the 22nd of October he flew New York for treatment in the Cornell Medical Center after President Carter relented. He was later taken to the Kelly Air Force Base in Texas and from there to the Wilford Hall Medical Center at Lackland Air Force Base.
  • He left the US on the 15th of December, 1979 and lived for a short time in Isla Contadora in Panama where he was taken in under American pressure. The new Iranian government made an attempt to extradite him.
  • In March, 1980 he returned to Egypt having been offered permanent asylum by President Anwar El-Sadat
  • The official cause of death was complications of Waldenström's macroglobulinemia (a type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma)
  • He was buried in the Al Rifa'i Mosque in Cairo, [Wiki]
Cairo
1980 29 Jul Adelbert Mühlschlegel, Hand of the Cause of God, passes away at his pioneer post in Athens, Greece. (b.16 June 1897) [BW18:613; VV52]
  • For his obituary see BW18:611–13.
  • Shoghi Effendi had appointed him among the second contingent on the 29th of February, 1952. [MoCxxiii]
Athens; Greece Adelbert Muhlschlegel; Hands of the Cause; In Memoriam; Births and deaths
1980 13 Aug In a message the Universal House of Justice announced the publication of translations into English of "The Long Healing Prayer" and "Qad-Ihtaraqa'l-Mukhisún", the prayer commonly known as the "Fire Tablet". These tablets have subsequently been published in prayer books. [Messages63-86p455] BWC Long Healing Prayer; Lawh-i-Qad-Ihtaraqal-Mukhlisun (Fire Tablet)
1980 21 Aug The members of the National Spiritual Assembly of Iran are arrested; they disappear without trace and are presumed dead. [BW19:43, 235] Iran NSA Iran
1980 Sep The European Parliament, the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe and the United Nations Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities adopt resolutions on the plight of the Bahá’ís in Iran. [BW19:38] Iran European Parliament; Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe; United Nations Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities’ religious persecution
1980 Sep Building work begins on the Samoan House of Worship. [BW18:104] Samoa House of Worship; Mashriqu'l-Adhkar
1980 24 Sep Universal House of Justice announces that additional land has been acquired in the south-western area of the Haram-i-Aqdas in exchange for some land near Nazareth. The acquisition of this new land permits the completion of the fourth quadrant. In addition, it is announced that nearly 50,000 square meters of agricultural land adjacent to and north of the Mazar'ih property has been acquired as a protection for the Mansion because this area is being developed rapidly. [BW18:99; DH122, Message from the Universal House of Justice 24 September, 1980] ‘Akká Haram-i-Aqdas
1980 17 Oct Leonora Armstrong, the ‘spiritual mother of South America’ and the first Latin American pioneer, passes away in Bahia, Brazil. [BW18:738; VV32]
  • For her obituary see BW18:733–738.
Bahia; Brazil Leonora Armstrong; spiritual mother of South America first pioneer Latin American
1980 26 Oct Publication by the Universal House of Justice of the compilation on Attendance at National Spiritual Assembly Meetings. [MUHJ63-86p404] BWC Attendance at National Spiritual Assembly Meetings
1980 3 Nov The Universal House of Justice announces that the zones of the Continental Boards of Counsellors will, from the Day of the Covenant of the year 137 (26 November 1980), be as follows:

1. Africa, comprising the areas of the four present zones of that continent.

2. The Americas, comprising the present zones of North, Central and South America.

3. Asia, comprising the present zones of Western, South Central and Southeastern Asia, together with the present zone of Northeastern Asia without the Hawaiian Islands and Micronesia.

4. Australasia, comprising the present zone of Australasia plus the Hawaiian Islands and Micronesia.

5. Europe. [Universal House of Justice Message 3 November, 1980]

BWC Counsellors
1980 20 Nov Abu’l-Qásim Faizí, Hand of the Cause of God, passes away in Haifa. (b.1906) [BW18:659; VV52] Haifa Abul-Qasim Faizi; Hands of the Cause; In Memoriam; Appointment Hands - Third Contingent
1981 The Comunicación Intercambio y Radiodifusión Bahá’í para America Latina y el Caribe (CIRBAL) is established by the Universal House of Justice to promote the development of Bahá’í radio and mass media activities in Latin America. [BW19:59] Latin America Comunicación Intercambio y Radiodifusión Baha’i para America Latina y el Caribe (CIRBAL); UHJ
1981 The site of the House of the Báb, destroyed by a mob in 1979, is made into a road and public square. [BBD108] Shiraz; Iran House of the Bab (Shiraz); Persecution
1981 The National Assembly of Zaire is dissolved temporarily and three administrative committees are appointed in its place. [BW19:62, 147] Zaire NSA Zaire
1981 The persecution of the Bahá’ís of Iran continues throughout the year. [BW18:92]
  • Forty–six Bahá’ís are executed and two assassinated. [BW18:292–3; BW19:230–1]
  • For pictures of the martyrs see BW18:295–305 and BW19:236–46.
  • For accounts of some of the martyrdoms see BW18:277–8, 281–4.
  • For excerpts from the wills of some of the martyrs see BW18:284–9.
  • For a list of resolutions adopted by the United Nations, regional bodies, national and provincial governments, and other actions taken, see BW18:92–6 and BW19:44–6.
  • For a list of the actions taken by the Bahá’í International Community, Bahá’í institutions and others see BW18:341–5, 417–20.
Iran martyr; religious persecution; United Nations; BIC
1981 The publication of Der Bahā'ismus, Weltreligion der Zukunft?: Geschichte, Lehre und Organisation in Kritischer Anfrage (Bahá'ism-Religion of the Future? History, Doctrine and Organization: A Critical Inquiry) by Francesco Ficicchia under the auspices of the Central Office of the Protestant Church for Questions of Ideology in Germany. This book was distributed by the Protestant Church and became the most widespread book on the Bahá'í Faith in German, and as such was widely accepted as a critical academic publication. At the time of its distribution a decision was taken to not dignify the publication with a rebuttal. Making the Crooked Straight was published in 1995 in German and translated/published by George Ronald Publishers in 2000. The purpose of the book, as the name suggests address the distorted views presented in Ficicchia's publication. MCSintroduction. Germany opposition
1981 1 Jan The European branch office of the Bahá’í International Community is established in Geneva. [BW19:33, VV54, BIC-History] Geneva BIC
1981 Apr In Pakistan a constitutional amendment names the Bahá’í Faith among the non-Muslim faiths of the country, thus according it legal recognition. [BW18:107; VV67] Pakistan
1981 Ridván The National Spiritual Assembly of Bophuthatswana is formed with its seat in Mmbatho. [BW18:107, 163] Mmbatho NSA first NSA Bophuthatswana
1981 Ridván The National Spiritual Assembly of South West Africa/Namibia is formed with its seat in Windhoek. [BW18:107, 163] Windhoek NSA first NSA South West Africa/Namibia
1981 Ridván The National Spiritual Assembly of the Leeward Islands is formed with its seat in St John’s, Antigua. [BW18:107, 171] St John’s; Antigua NSA first NSA Leeward Islands
1981 Ridván The National Spiritual Assembly of the Windward Islands is formed with its seat in Kingstown, St Vincent. [BW18:171] Kingstown; St Vincent NSA first NSA Windward Islands
1981 Ridván The National Spiritual Assembly of Tuvalu is formed with its seat in Funafuti. [BW18:107; BW19:62] Funafuti NSA first NSA Tuvalu
1981 Ridván The National Spiritual Assembly of Uganda is re-formed after a period of 19 months during which the Faith was banned. [BW18:107, 163] Uganda NSA Uganda
1981 Ridván The National Spiritual Assembly of Bermuda is formed with its seat in Hamilton. [BW18:107, 171] Hamilton NSA first NSA Bermuda
1981 Apr The Canadian Association for Studies on the Bahá’í Faith is renamed the Association for Bahá’í Studies. [BBD202; VV24–5] Canada Bahai Studies, Associations for
1981 23 May Helmut Winkeibach, Knight of Bahá’u’lláh for Belarus, marries Olga Grigorevna Dolganova, a Russian, their wedding ceremony being the first Bahá’í wedding in the Soviet Union. Soviet Union Helmut Winkeibach; Olga Grigorevna Dolganova; Knight of Baha’u’llah first Bahá’í wedding in Soviet Union
1981 Jul An International Chinese Teaching Committee is appointed by the Universal House of Justice. [BW19:76] UHJ
1981 Jul The reconstituted Bahá’í Publishing Trust of Uganda meets for the first time. [BW18:112] Uganda Publishing Trust
1981 24 Aug The publication of the compilation entitled "The Assistance of God" by the Universal House of Justice. It was renamed "The Power of Divine Assistance" when published in the Vol 2 p201. [Messages63-86p504] BWC Assistance of God (compilation); Power of Divine Assistance (compilation); Compilations
1981 16 Sep The Universal House of Justice addressed a message to all National Assemblies with the compilation of prayers and passages from the Bahá'í Writings with a view to have it translated and distributed where there is a dearth of Bahá'í literature. This was published by the Baha'i World Centre under the title of "Words of God". [Messages63-86p486, 504-505] Compilations; Teaching; Words of God (compilation)
1981 23 Nov The publication of the compilation entitled "Excellence in All Things" by the Universal House of Justice. [Messages63-86p509-510, Compilation of CompilationsVol 1 p367] BWC Excellence; Compilations
1981 5 Dec The Bahá'í cemetery in Tehran was seized "by order of the Revolutionary Court. Five caretakers and eight temporary workers were arrested and the cemetery was closed. [Mess63-86p510] Tihran; Iran Cemeteries and graves; Bahai cemeteries; Persecution
1981 10 Dec The Universal House of Justice announces that the House of Bahá’u’lláh in Tákur, Núr, Iran, confiscated by the Revolutionary Government in the spring of 1979, has been totally demolished and the site offered for sale by auction. [BW18:289; BW19:42] Tákur; Núr; Iran House of Bahá’u’lláh
1981 27 Dec Eight of the nine members of the National Spiritual Assembly of Iran are executed. [BI13; BW19:43] Iran martyr; NSA; religious persecution
1982 The first publication of Arohanui: Letters from Shoghi Effendi to New Zealand by the Baha'i Publishing Trust in Suva, Fiji Islands. [BW18p878] New Zealand; Suva; Fiji Islands
1982 One of the members of the National Spiritual Assembly of Vietnam sent to a ‘re-education’ camp is released owing to ill health; the other remains in detention. [BW18:96] Vietnam NSA; religious persecution
1982 The persecution of the Bahá’ís of Iran continues throughout the year. [BW18:92]
  • Thirty–two Bahá’ís are executed or otherwise killed. [BW19:232]
  • BW18:293–4 shows a slightly different, incorrect list.
  • For pictures of the martyrs see BW18:295–305 and BW19:236–46.
  • For a list of resolutions adopted by the United Nations, regional bodies, national and provincial governments, and other actions taken, see BW18:92–6 and BW19:44–6.
  • For a list of the actions taken by the Bahá’í International Community, Bahá’í institutions and others see BW18:345–52, 420–4.
  • See the Message from the Universal House of Justice dated 26 January 1982 for a summation of the steps taken by the coordinated Bahá'í community to expose the crimes of the Iranian regime and to bring pressure to have the persecutions stop.
Iran religious persecution; martyr; United Nations BIC
1982 The Canadian Bahá’í International Development Service is established. [BBRSM154] Canada Canadian Bahá’í International Development Service
1982 Jan After a lapse of six years, the first formal meeting of the National Spiritual Assembly of Laos is held at the Bahá’í Centre. [BW18:96; BW19:49] Laos NSA Laos
1982 18 Feb The publication of the compilation entitled "Family Life" by the Universal House of Justice. [Messages63-86p533, Compilation of CompilationsVol 1 p385] BWC Family Life
1982 9 – 12 Apr The first Conference on Bahá’í Scholarship to be held in Australia takes place at Yerrinbool Bahá’í School in New South Wales. [BW18:202-203] New South Wales; Australia Conference on Baha’i Scholarship; Conference first conference on Bahá’í scholarship
1982 10 – 11 Apr The National Spiritual Assembly of Panama petitions its government to issue a stamp in commemoration of the dedication of the Mother Temple of Latin America. [BW18:172–3] Panama Mother Temple; NSA Panama; Mashriqu'l-Adhkar
1982 10 – 11 Apr The Bahá’í International Health Agency is established as an affiliate of the Association for Bahá’í Studies. [BW18:201; VV25] Canada Bahai International Health Agency; Bahai Studies, Associations for; Health
1982 12 Apr The Universal House of Justice announces the successful achievement of the objective to issue “a compilation of letters to” the Greatest Holy Leaf “and statements about her by Bahá'u'lláh, 'Abdu'l-Bahá, and the beloved Guardian, and her own letters” to mark the 50th anniversary of her passing. [BW18p41]

Bahíyyih Khánum, the Greatest Holy Leaf: A Compilation from Bahá’í Sacred Texts and Writings of the Guardian of the Faith and Bahíyyih Khánum’s Own Letters

BWC Bahiyyih Khanum (Greatest Holy Leaf)
1982 Ridván The National Spiritual Assembly of Nepal is re-formed. [BW18:107, 181, 553(photo)]

Due to the conditions in Nepal during the reign of King Birendra and at the instance of the Universal House of Justice, the National Assembly and the 40 other Local Assemblies were dissolved in 1975. For a few years, untill 1982, there was an Administrative Committee which looked after the affairs of the Cause in Nepal.

In the Himalayan Kingdom of Nepal, the believers have, through the integrity of their character and the excellence of their conduct, overcome in recent years restrictions on the expansion of the Cause. They are now held in high regard and are successfully engaged in presenting the Faith to the people as a unifying force which can contribute to the progress of the nation. As they grow in strength, they can begin to look beyond their own borders and assist in the propagation of the Faith in those areas to which they have such easy access. [Ridván 153]

Nepal NSA Nepal
1982 14 May Amoz Gibson, a member of the Universal House of Justice from 1963 until 1982, passes away in Haifa. [BW18:669; VV52]
  • For his obituary see BW18:665–9.
Haifa Amoz Gibson; UHJ
1982 25 May The Subcommittee on Human Rights and International Organizations of the Foreign Affairs Committee of the United States House of Representatives hears the testimony of six witnesses concerning the persecution of the Bahá’ís in Iran. [BW18:172] Washington; DC Subcommittee on Human Rights and International Organizations of the Foreign Affairs Committee of the United States House of Representatives; religious persecution
1982 19 – 20 Jun The teaching project Camino Del Sol (Trail of Light), comprising indigenous believers from North America, is formed on the Navajo Reservation in Arizona, United States. [BW18:239]
  • The team travels through Central and South America in a programme of cultural exchange. [BW18:172]
  • For a report of the project and pictures see BW18:239–45 and BW19:74–6.
Arizona Camino Del Sol (Trail of Light)
1982 25 – 27 Jun A Bahá’í International Conference to mark the fiftieth anniversary of the passing of the Greatest Holy Leaf is held in Dublin, Ireland, attended by some 1,900 Bahá’ís from 60 countries. [BW18:100; VV61]
  • For the message of the Universal House of Justice see BW18:156–7.
  • For a pictorial report see BW18:138–40.
Dublin; Ireland Baha’i International Conference; Conference; Bahiyyih Khanum (Greatest Holy Leaf)
1982 27 Jun The Bahá’í Youth Academy is established in Panchgani, India. [BW18:230–2] Panchgani; India Bahá’í Youth Academy
1982 15 Jul In commemoration of the fiftieth anniversary of the passing of Bahíyyih Khánum, the Greatest Holy Leaf, Bahá’ís at the World Centre pray at midnight at the Shrine of the Báb and at the tomb of the Greatest Holy Leaf, commemoration services are held in many parts of the world. [BW18:53, 102]
  • For a list of references to the Greatest Holy Leaf found in English-language works see BW18:55–6.
  • For a list of works published to commemorate this anniversary see BW18:57–8.
  • For an article about her life and service see BW18:68–73.
  • Five international conferences and their satellites, held in June, August and September, are dedicated to her memory. [BW18:102]
Haifa Bahiyyih Khanum (Greatest Holy Leaf); Bab, Shrine of
1982 17 Jul A seminar on the life of Bahíyyih Khánum, the Greatest Holy Leaf, is conducted at the Seat of the Universal House of Justice, the first gathering held in the building. [BW18:53–4; VV62]
  • For excerpts from the talk by ‘Alí Nakhjavání on this occasion see BW18:59–66.
Haifa Bahiyyih Khanum (Greatest Holy Leaf); Universal House of Justice, Seat first gathering held in Seat of the Universal House of Justice
1982 Aug Shakontala (‘Shaku’) Aswani, the first Gibraltarian to become a Bahá’í, enrols in Northern Ireland, shortly afterwards returning to Gibraltar. Northern Ireland Shakontala (‘Shaku’) Aswani first Gibraltarian Bahá’í
1982 6 – 8 Aug A Bahá’í International Conference to mark the fiftieth anniversary of the passing of the Greatest Holy Leaf is held in Quito, Ecuador, attended by some 1,450 Bahá’ís from 43 countries. [BW18:100; VV61]
  • For the message of the Universal House of Justice see BW18:157–8.
  • For a pictorial report see BW18:141–3.
Quito; Ecuador Baha’i International Conference; Conference; Bahiyyih Khanum (Greatest Holy Leaf)
1982 19 – 22 Aug A Bahá’í International Conference to mark the fiftieth anniversary of the passing of the Greatest Holy Leaf is held in Lagos, Nigeria, attended by some 1,110 Bahá’ís from 46 countries representing some 90 ethnic groups. [BW18:100; VV61]
  • For the message of the Universal House of Justice see BW18:158–9.
  • For a pictorial report see BW18:144–6.
Lagos; Nigeria Baha’i International Conference; Conference; Bahiyyih Khanum (Greatest Holy Leaf)
1982 2 – 5 Sep A Bahá’í International Conference to mark the fiftieth anniversary of the passing of the Greatest Holy Leaf is held in Montreal, Canada, attended by 9,400 Bahá’ís from 101 countries. [BW18:100; VV61]
  • For the message of the Universal House of Justice see BW18:161–2.
  • For a pictorial report see BW18:151–4.
Montreal; Canada Baha’i International Conference; Conference; Bahiyyih Khanum (Greatest Holy Leaf)
1982 2 – 5 Sep A Bahá’í International Conference to mark the fiftieth anniversary of the passing of the Greatest Holy Leaf is held in Canberra, Australia, attended by some 2,400 Bahá’ís, twice as many as were expected, from 45 countries. [BW18:100; VV61]
  • For the message of the Universal House of Justice see BW18:159–60.
  • For a pictorial report see BW18:147–50.
Canberra; Australia Baha’i International Conference; Conference; Bahiyyih Khanum (Greatest Holy Leaf)
1982 18 Nov Publication by the Universal House of Justice of the compilation on “Family Life”. [BW18p41; CoC1p385] BWC Family Life
1982 Nov The West African Centre for Bahá’í Studies is established in Nigeria. [BW18:167; BW19:366]
  • For a report of its activities see BW19:366–7.
Nigeria; Africa Bahai studies
1982 3 Dec Paul Haney, Hand of the Cause of God, dies in Haifa in an automobile accident. [BW18:617; VV52]
  • He was appointed a Hand of the Cause of God on the 19th of March,1954 following the death of Hand of the Cause of God Dorothy Baker. [MoCxxiv}
  • For his obituary see BW18:613–18.
Haifa Paul Haney; Hand of the Cause; In Memoriam; Appointment Hand - Individual Appointment
1982 29 Dec The passing of Stanwood Cobb,(b. November 6 Newton, Massachusetts , 1881 – d. December 29, 1982) noted Bahá'í lecturer, educator and author at his home in Chevy Chase, Maryland at the age of 101 after 75 years of service to the Cause.
  • He was the author of some 30 books, numerous articles and was an editor of Star of the West until 1939 and co-editor of World Order. He founded Avalon Press in 1935 through which he published his works.
  • His first exposure to the Faith was at Green Acre. While serving as an college instructor in Constantinople he made a visit to 'Abdu'l-Bahá in Akka disguised as a Turk while He was still a prisoner. He met Him again in 1910 and while He was in Paris and the United States during His Western Travels.
Chevy Chase; MD In Memoriam
1983 The Association for Bahá’í Studies, German-Speaking Europe, is established in Austria. [BW19:357–8] Austria Bahai Studies, Associations for; German language
1983 The Association for Bahá’í Studies, India, is established. [BW19:360] India Bahai Studies, Associations for
1983 The Association for Bahá’í Studies, English-Speaking Europe, is established in the Republic of Ireland.
  • Responsibility for the Association is transferred to the United Kingdom in 1989.
Ireland; United Kingdom; Europe Bahai Studies, Associations for
1983 The Association for Bahá’í Studies of Francophone Europe is established in Switzerland. Switzerland Bahai Studies, Associations for; French language
1983 The persecution of the Bahá’ís of Iran continues throughout the year. [BW18:92; BW19:177–226]
  • Twenty–nine Bahá’ís are executed or otherwise killed. [BW19:232–3]
  • For pictures of the martyrs see BW18:295–305 and BW19:236–46.
  • For a list of resolutions adopted by the United Nations, regional bodies, national and provincial governments, and other actions taken, see BW18:92–6 and BW19:44–6.
  • For a list of the actions taken by the Bahá’í International Community, Bahá’í institutions and others see BW18:352–6, 424–5.
Iran religious persecution; martyr; United Nations; BIC
1983 Jan - Feb c. The Seat of the Universal House of Justice is completed; the Universal House of Justice formally occupies it. [BBD204; BW19:23; VV62]
  • For a description and history of the building see BW19:24–6.
  • Marble for the Seat of the Universal House of Justice was cut and chiseled by Margraf, a firm from Chiampo, Italy formerly known as Industria Marmi Vincentini. [BWNS1223]
  • For pictures see BW18:466–72 and Construction.
Haifa Universal House of Justice, Seat
1983 13 Jan The publication of the compilation entitled "The Importance of Deepening Our Knowledge and Understanding of the Faith" by the Universal House of Justice. [Messages63-86p571, Compilation of CompilationsVol 1 p187] BWC Deepening; Compilations
1983 24 Feb The inauguration of the Bahá'í Vocational Institute for Rural Women at Indore, India. It offers rural women residential courses on literacy, health care and income generating skills. The success of this school was recognized in 1992 when it won one of the Global 500 Environmental Action awards that was presented at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro [The Baha'ismagazine]. Indore,India Baha'i Vocational Institute for Rural Women
1983 Mar The first International Youth Camp of Surinam is held in Nw. Nickerie, attended by 130 Bahá’ís. [BW18:176] Nw. Nickerie; Surinam first International Youth Camp of Surinam
1983 Mar Five local and two pioneer Bahá’ís are arrested, interrogated and held briefly in prison in Mauritania. [BW19:49]
  • The National Assembly is dissolved. [BW19:49]
Mauritania NSA; religious persecution
1983 Apr The Government of Morocco prohibits all Bahá’í meetings. [BW19:49] Morocco religious persecution
1983 Ridván The National Spiritual Assembly of Dominica is formed with its seat in Roseau. [BW18:107, 171] Dominica NSA first NSA Dominica
1983 Ridván The National Spiritual Assembly of St Lucia is formed with its seat in Castries. [BW18:107, 171] Castries NSA first NSA St Lucia
1983 Ridván The National Spiritual Assembly of St Vincent and Grenada is formed. [BW18:107] NSA first NSA St Vincent and Grenada
1983 Ridván The renovation of the House of ‘Abdu’lláh Páshá in ‘Akká is completed. [BW18:77]
  • Delegates attending the fifth International Convention are the first pilgrims to visit it. [BW18:77]
  • For pictures see BW18:78–80.
‘Akka House of Abdullah Pasha; Restoration; International Convention; Firsts, Other first pilgrims to House of ‘Abdu’lláh Páshá
1983 29 Apr - 2 May The Universal House of Justice is elected for the fifth time at the International Convention held in Haifa.
  • The National Spiritual Assembly of Iran is unable to attend but sends 133 red roses as its gift to its sister Assemblies. [BW18:461]
  • For a report of the Convention see BW18:461–4.
  • See BW18:462, 464 for pictures.
Haifa; Iran International Convention; Gifts; Roses; NSA
1983 May The number of members of the International Teaching Centre is raised to nine. [BW19:27] Haifa ITC
1983 23 May A five year term for the Counsellor members of the International Teaching Centre is established. [BW19:27] Haifa Counsellors; International Teaching Centre
1983 18 Jun In Shiraz, ten Bahá'í women ranging in age from 17 to 57, were hanged. All of the women had been tortured and interrogated in the months prior to their execution. The youngest of these martyrs was Mona Mahmudnizhad, a 17-year-old schoolgirl who had been beaten on the soles of her feet, kissed the hands of her executioner and placed the hangman's rope around her own throat. The names of the others executed were Zarrin Muqimi-Abyanih, 28, Ruya Ishraqi, a 23-year-old veterinary student, Shahin Dalvand, 25, a sociologist; Izzat Janami Ishraqi, 57, a homemaker; Mahshid Nirumand, 28, who had qualified for a degree in physics but had it denied her because she was a Bahá'í, Simin Sabiri, 25; Tahirih Arjumandi Siyavushi, 30, a nurse; Akhtar Thabit, 25, also a nurse; Nusrat Ghufrani Yalda'i, 47, a mother and member of the local Bahá'í Spiritual Assembly. [Hanged for teaching “Sunday school”]
  • For the story of the martyrs see BW19:180–7 and VV56.
  • For their obituaries see BW19:596–607.
  • For pictures of the martyred women see BW19:240–1.
Shiraz; Iran Martyrs; Mona Mahmudnizhad; Persecution
1983 24 Jun In response to the hanging of 10 Bahá’í women in Shíráz, the Universal House of Justice addresses a cable to the Bahá’í youth throughout the world, urging them to re-dedicate themselves to the Cause. [BW19:187–8, 297]
1983 Jul The Office of Social and Economic Development is opened at the Bahá’í World Centre. [AWH8; BBD70; BBRSM154; BW19:58; VV78]
  • See BW19:351–5 for a survey of Bahá’í social and economic projects.
Haifa; BWC; Office of Social and Economic Development
1983 5 – 7 Aug The first Los Angeles Bahá’í History Conference is held at the University of California at Los Angeles. [BW19:369–70] Los Angeles Los Angeles Baha’i History Conference; Conference first Los Angeles Bahá’í History Conference
1983 23 Aug Seyyed Hussein Musavi Tabrizi, the Attorney General of Iran, declared all Bahá'í administrative activities illegal, thus requiring the dissolution of the National Spiritual Assembly of Iran, along with some 400 Local Assemblies which operated under its jurisdiction. [Iran Press Watch] Iran Seyyed Hussein Musavi Tabrizi; Attorney General
1983 29 Aug The Bahá’í Faith is banned in Iran and membership of Bahá’í institutions made a criminal offence. [BW19:43]
  • The National Spiritual Assembly dissolves all Bahá’í institutions throughout the country. [BW19:43]
Iran religious persecution
1983 3 Sep The National Spiritual Assembly of Iran sends an open letter to the Prosecutor General of the Islamic Revolution refuting the false charges made against the Bahá’ís and informing him of their willingness to obey the government. [BW19:43]
  • The National Spiritual Assembly of the Bahá'ís of Iran is dissolved. [BW19:62]
Iran NSA religious persecution
1983 20 Oct The Universal House of Justice calls on individuals and Bahá'í communities to apply the teachings of Bahá'u'lláh systematically to the problems of their societies. This seminal statement points to the teachings of Bahá'u'lláh as a source of order in the world, asserts the coherence of the spiritual and the material dimensions of human life, praises the social and economic progress achieved by the Bahá'í community of Iran, announces the establishment of the Office of Social and Economic Development at the World Centre and defines the role of various Bahá'í agencies in fostering development. [Message from the Universal House of Justice dated 20 October, 1983, Mess63-86p602-603,AWH6–10; BW19:153, BW92-93pg229-245]
  • For the response of the Bahá’í world to the letter see BW19:112–13.
  • See also Vick, Social and Economic Development: A Bahá’í Approach.
BWC; Haifa; Office of Social and Economic Development
1983 21 Oct The Republic of Panama issues a postage stamp bearing the picture of the House of Worship in Panama. [BW19:157] Republic of Panama House of Worship; Mashriqu'l-Adhkar
1983 21 - 23 Nov A brief entitled The Future of Canada: A Bahá’í Perspective is presented to The Royal Commission on the Economic Union and Development Prospects of Canada on behalf of the Canadian Bahá’í Community through the National Spiritual Assembly in Saskatoon. [The Future of Canada: A Bahá’í Perspective] Saskatoon; Canada Social action; Ethics; Economics; Consultation; Agriculture; Women; Native Americans; Elderly; Education
1983 Dec Bahá’ís are arrested in Mohammadieh and Casablanca, Morocco. [BW19:49]
  • The Bahá’ís in Mohammadieh are convicted of violating the ban on Bahá’í meetings, are sentenced to two years’ imprisonment but are released. [BW19:49]
Mohammadieh and Casablanca; Morocco religious persecution
1984 Four Bahá’ís, one of whom had already spent five years in prison, are imprisoned in Indonesia, convicted of membership in a banned religious organization, with teaching the Bahá’í Faith and with insulting Islám. [BW19:42]
  • The prison terms range from one to five years. [BW19:42]
Indonesia religious persecution
1984 The first Bahá’í university, Universidad Núr, opens in Santa Cruz, Bolivia. [VV82–3] Santa Cruz; Bolivia first Bahá’í university, Universidad Núr
1984 The persecution of the Bahá’ís of Iran continues throughout the year. [BW19:177–226]
  • Thirty Bahá’ís are executed or otherwise killed. [BW19:233-4]
  • For pictures of the martyrs see BW18:295–305 and BW19:236–46.
  • For a list of resolutions adopted by the United Nations, regional bodies, national and provincial governments and other actions taken, see BW19:44–6.
Iran religious persecution; martyr; United Nations
1984 3 Jan The Universal House of Justice addresses a letter to the Bahá’í youth of the world encouraging them to volunteer a period of service to the Bahá’í Faith. [AWH14–17; BW19:297–8, 299, 311–13; VV116] Haifa Universal House of Justice; Youth, year of service; Youth
1984 28 Feb The passing of Renée Szanto-Felbermann (b 21 June, 1900, d. 28 February, 1984) in Freiburg, Germany. She is considered the first to declare her faith in Hungary. [BW19p633] Freiburg; Germany; Hungary
1984 Ridván The National Spiritual Assembly of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands is formed with its seat in Port Blair. [BW19:62, 162]
  • See BW19:520 for picture.
Port Blair NSA first NSA Andaman and Nicobar Islands
1984 Ridván The National Spiritual Assembly of the Canary Islands is formed with its seat in Santa Cruz. [BW19:62, 169]
  • See BW19:520 for picture.
Santa Cruz NSA first NSA Canary Islands
1984 Ridván The National Spiritual Assembly of Cape Verde is formed with its seat in Praia. [BW19:62, 147]
  • See BW19:521 for picture.
Praia NSA first NSA Cape Verde
1984 Ridván The National Spiritual Assembly of French Guiana is formed with its seat in Cayenne. [BW19:62, 155]
  • See BW19:522 for picture.
Cayenne NSA first NSA French Guiana
1984 Ridván The National Spiritual Assembly of Gabon is formed with its seat in Libreville. [BW19:62, 147]
  • See BW19:522 for picture.
Libreville NSA first NSA Gabon
1984 Ridván The National Spiritual Assembly of Grenada is formed with its seat in St George’s. [BW19:62, 155]
  • See BW19:523 for picture.
St George’s NSA first NSA Grenada
1984 Ridván The National Spiritual Assembly of Martinique is formed with its seat in Fort-de-France. [BW19:62, 155]
  • See BW19:523 for picture.
Fort-de-France NSA first NSA Martinique
1984 Ridván The National Spiritual Assembly of Yemen (North) is formed. [BW19:524] Yemen; NSA first NSA Yemen (North)
1984 Ridván Delegates at the United States National Convention petition the Universal National Convention House of Justice requesting that the law of Huqúqu’lláh be made binding on the American Bahá’ís. [AWH30; ZK146–77]
  • The Universal House of Justice replies that it is not yet the time to take this step. [AWH30, Message from the Universal House of Justice dated 6 August, 1984]
United States National Conventions; Huququ'llah; Gradual implementation of laws
1984 Ridván The National Spiritual Assembly of Equatorial Guinea is re-formed with its seat in Malaho. [BW19:62, 147]
  • See BW19:521 for picture.
Malaho NSA Equatorial Guinea
1984 Jun The Association for Bahá’í Studies, Australia, is established in Perth. [BW19:356] Perth; Australia Bahai Studies, Associations for
1984 Jun A Bahá’í in Tetuan, Morocco, is arrested and sentenced to three years imprisonment for violating the 1983 ban on Bahá’í meetings. [BW19:49]
  • An appeal to the Supreme Court is unsuccessful. [BW19:49]
Tetuan; Morocco religious persecution
1984 4 Jun Vladimir Malai, the first Moldovan to become a Bahá’í in Moldova, enrols. [Candle 9] Moldova First Bahais by country or area first Bahá'í in Moldova
1984 30 Aug - 2 Sep An International Teaching Conference is held to coincide with the dedication of the House of Worship at Apia, Western Samoa. [BW19:548–54; VV64]
  • For a report of the conference see BW19:548–54.
  • For the message of the Universal House of Justice see BW19:555–6.
  • For pictures see BW19:475, 547–57 and VV64.
Apia; Western Samoa House of Worship; Mashriqu'l-Adhkar; International Teaching Conference; Conference
1984 1 Sep The House of Worship in Apia, Western Samoa, the Mother Temple of the Pacific, is dedicated in the presence of Hand of the Cause of God Amatu’l-Bahá Rúhíyyih Khánum, Hand of the Cause Dr Ugo Giachery, His Highness Malietoa Tanumafili II and more than a thousand Bahá’ís from 45 countries. [BW19:100–1; VV64]
  • For a report of the dedication see BW19:552–3.
  • For the text of the address of His Highness Malietoa Tanumafili II see BW19:556.
  • For pictures see BW19:553 and VV64.
  • Marble for the House of Worship was cut and chiseled by Margraf, a firm from Chiampo, Italy formerly known as Industria Marmi Vincentini. [BWNS1223]
Apia; Western Samoa; Pacific; Chiampo; Italy Amatul-Baha Ruhiyyih Khanum; Ugo Giachery; Malietoa Tanumafili II of Western Samoa; Mashriqul-Adhkar (House of Worship); Marble
1984 Oct In Tunisia, the activities of the Faith are curtailed and Bahá’ís are interrogated. [BW19:50] Tunisia religious persecution
1984 21 Oct His Excellency Chaim Herzog, President of the State of Israel, pays an official visit to the Bahá’í World Centre at the invitation of the Universal House of Justice. [BW19:377; VV88]
  • This is the first visit by a head of state to the Seat of the House of Justice. [VV88]
Haifa Chaim Herzog first visit by head of state to Seat of the House of Justice
1984 Nov The International Bahá’í Refugee Office, responsible for coordinating efforts to resettle Iranian Bahá’í refugees, is established by the National Spiritual Assembly of Canada at the request of the Universal House of Justice. [BW19:50]
  • For a report of the work of the Office see BW19:50–3.
Canada International Bahai Refugee Office
1984 9 Nov The Universal House of Justice meets with representatives of the Bahá’í International Community and various national spiritual assemblies at the World Centre. Haifa UHJ; BIC; NSA
1984 16 Nov Shu’á’u’lláh ‘Alá’í, Hand of the Cause of God, passes away in Scottsdale, Arizona. (b. 16 November 1889) [BW19:594; VV123]
  • BW19: 159 says this was 17 November.
  • For his obituary see BW19:593–5.
  • Shoghi Effendi had appointed him among the second contingent on the 29th of February, 1952. [MoCxxiii]
Scottsdale; Arizona Shu’a’u’llah ‘Ala’i; Hand of the Cause; In Memoriam; Appointment Hand - Second Contingent
1984 28 – 30 Dec The first National Bahá’í Youth Conference to be held in Greece takes place in Athens. [BW19:319] Athens; Greece Conferences, Bahai; Conferences, Youth; Youth; First conferences first National Bahá’í Youth Conference Greece
1985 The persecution of the Bahá’ís of Iran continues throughout the year. [BW19:177–226]
  • Seven Bahá’ís are executed or otherwise killed. [BW19:234]
  • For pictures of the martyrs see BW18:295–305 and BW19:236–46.
  • For the actions taken by the Bahá’í International Community see BW19:39.
Iran religious persecution; martyr
1985 A regional office of the Bahá’í International Community affiliated with the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) is established in Bangkok. [BW19:161–2] Bangkok BIC; Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP)
1985 To support the United Nations International Youth Year Bahá’í communities undertake a variety of activities. [BW19:301–10] Worldwide United Nations; International Youth Year
1985 Annemarie Krüger, who began travelling to Moldavia to teach the Bahá’í Faith in 1974, is named a Knight of Bahá’u’lláh by the Universal House of Justice, although she never lived in the country. Moldavia Annemarie Krüger; Knight of Baha’u’llah; travel teaching
1985 23 Jan The plans of the Universal House of Justice for the International Year of Peace are outlined to national spiritual assemblies. [AHW31–4; VV86] Worldwide International Year of Peace; Universal House of Justice
1985 23 Feb Forty–one Bahá’ís from various parts of Egypt are arrested, charged with offences against laws introduced in 1960 banning activities of Bahá’í institutions. [BW19:41, 283]
  • For an account of the event, its aftermath and the press campaign surrounding it see BW19:283–7.
Egypt religious persecution
1985 5 – 8 Apr An International Youth Conference to support the United Nations International Youth Year is held in Bophuthatswana, attended by 198 people. [BW19:300] Bophuthatswana; South Africa; Africa Conferences, Bahai; Conferences, Youth; Conferences, International; Youth; International Youth Year
1985 Ridván The National Spiritual Assembly of Ciskei is formed with its seat in Mdantsane. [BW19:62]
  • BW19:147 says the seat is in Bisho. However, it was not possible to obtain a site in Bisho, the capital, and so the offices of the National Spiritual Assembly were built in Mdantsane in 1990.
  • See BW19:524 for picture.
Mdantsane NSA first NSA Ciskei
1985 Ridván The National Spiritual Assembly of the Cook Islands is formed with its seat in Rarotonga. [BW19:62, q68] Rarotonga NSA first NSA Cook Islands
1985 Ridván The National Spiritual Assembly of Mali is formed with its seat in Bamako. [BW19:62, 147]
  • See BW19:525 for picture.
Bamako NSA first NSA Mali
1985 Ridván The National Spiritual Assembly of Mozambique is formed with its seat in Maputo. [BW19:62, 147]
  • See BW19:526 for picture.
Maputo NSA first NSA Mozambique
1985 Ridván The National Spiritual Assembly of the Western Caroline Islands is formed with its seat in Colonia, Yap. [BW19:62, 168]
  • See BW19:526 for picture.
Colonia NSA first NSA Western Caroline Islands
1985 Ridván The National Spiritual Assembly of the Eastern Caroline Islands is formed with its seat in Pohnpei. [BW19:168] Pohnpei NSA first NSA Eastern Caroline Islands
1985 30 Apr - 1 May The first annual conference of the Association for Bahá’í Studies, Brazil, takes place in Saõ Paulo. [BW19:358] Sao Paulo; Brazil; Latin America Bahai Studies, Associations for; Bahai conferences; Conferences, Bahai studies; First conferences first annual conference of the Association for Bahá’í Studies, Brazil
1985 May The Office of Public Information is established at the Bahá’í World Centre. [BBD38; BW19:58–9; VV54] Haifa; BWC; Office of Public Information
1985 7 May The court hearings open on the cases of the Bahá’ís arrested in Egypt in February on charges of disregarding the 1960 ban on Bahá’í activity. [BW,9:285]
  • The cases are adjourned until 7 October to allow time for the defence lawyer to study the files numbering about a thousand pages. [BW19:285]
Egypt religious persecution
1985 Jul Three Bahá’í youths in Mentawai are imprisoned for having married according to Bahá’í law. [BW19:42] Mentawai religious persecution
1985 3 – 7 Jul An International Youth Conference to support the United Nations International Youth Year is held in Columbus, Ohio, United States attended by more than 3,200 youth from 42 nations. [BW19:300] Columbus; Ohio; United States; North America Conferences, Bahai; Conferences, Youth; Conferences, International; Youth; International Youth Year
1985 4 Jul The publication of the compilation entitled "The Law of Huququ'lláh". [Messages63-86p670, Compilation of CompilationsVol 1 p489] BWC Huququ'llah
1985 15 – 26 Jul Ten representatives of the Bahá’í International Community attend the World Conference to Review and Appraise the Achievements of the United Nations Decade for Women and Forum ‘85 in Nairobi. [BW19:147–8, 412; VV28–9]
  • For a report of the Bahá’í participation see BW19:4.12–15.
  • For pictures see BW19:413, 415.
Nairobi; Kenya Bahai International Community; United Nations; Women
1985 6 – 9 Jul The European Bahá’í Youth Conference was held in Antwerp, Belgium, in July 1985, and was attended by some 1,450 youth from 45 nations. The youth addressed the European Parliament and the Council of Europe in letters which told of their resolve to put into action the International Youth Year themes of ‘Participation, Development and Peace’. The youth spoke of programs in which Bahá’ís were supporting the themes, including human rights education and social and economic development projects. [BW19:301]
  • For picture see BW19:315.
Antwerp; Belgium; Europe Conferences, Bahai; Conferences, Youth; Conferences, International; Youth; International Youth Year; European Union
1985 Aug An International Youth Conference to support the United Nations International Youth Year is held in Molepolole, Botswana, attended by 119 youth from six countries. [BW19:300]
  • For picture see BW19:320.
Molepolole; Botswana; Africa Conferences, Bahai; Conferences, Youth; Conferences, International; Youth; International Youth Year
1985 Aug An International Youth Conference to support the United Nations International Youth Year is held in New Delhi, India, attended by more than 550 youth from 24 countries. [BW19:300] New Delhi; India; Asia Conferences, Bahai; Conferences, Youth; Conferences, International; Youth; International Youth Year
1985 1 – 4 Aug An International Youth Conference to support the United Nations International Youth Year is held in Port Dickson, Malaysia, attended by 1,300 youth from 15 countries, the largest gathering of Bahá’ís ever held in Malaysia. [BW19:301] Port Dickson; Malaysia; Asia Conferences, Bahai; Conferences, Youth; Conferences, International; Youth; International Youth Year
1985 2 – 5 Aug An International Youth Conference to support the United Nations International Youth Year is held in Lima, Peru, attended by 500 youth from 18 countries and representing four native tribes. [BW19:300]
  • For picture see BW19:322.
Lima; Peru; Latin America Conferences, Bahai; Conferences, Youth; Conferences, International; Conferences, International; Conferences, International; Youth; International Youth Year
1985 8 – 11 Aug An International Youth Conference to support the United Nations International Youth Year is held in Kauai, Hawaii, attended by 300 youth from nine Pacific countries. [BW19:301]
  • For picture see BW19:321.
Kauai; Hawaii; Oceania Conferences, Bahai; Conferences, Youth; Conferences, International; Conferences, International; Youth; International Youth Year
1985 9 Aug The publication of the compilation entitled "Peace" by the Universal House of Justice. [Messages63-86p679-680, Compilation of CompilationsVol 2 p151] BWC Peace
1985 28 or 31 Aug Mr Rahmatu'lláh Vujdani, a 57 year old teacher, is executed by firing squad in Bandar 'Abbas. He was an elected member of the Local Spiritual Assembly. [Iranian.com] Bandar 'Abbas; Iran persecution
1985 Sep The first Bahá’í Studies conference in Hawaii takes place at the national Bahá’í centre. [BW19:360] Hawaii Baha’i Studies conference; Conference first Bahá’í Studies conference in Hawaii
1985 Oct The first National Bahá’í Youth Conference in Nepal takes place, attended by 120 Bahá’ís, the largest Bahá’í gathering ever held in the country. [VV74] Nepal Conferences, Bahai; Conferences, Youth; Youth; First conferences first National Bahá’í Youth Conference in Nepal
1985 7 Oct The court cases against the Bahá’ís arrested in Egypt for contravening the 1960 ban on Bahá’í activities, due to be heard today, are adjourned until 3 February 1986 owing to adverse and unfair reports appearing in today’s newspapers. [BW19:286] Egypt religious persecution
1985 18 Oct The remains of Mírzá Muhammad-Qulí and 11 members of his family are re-interred in a new Bahá’í cemetery near the original grave site. The cemetery is located on a hillside looking across Lake Kinneret and the hills of Galilee towards the Qiblih of the Faith. [BW19:56] Israel Mirza Muhammad-Quli
1985 19 Oct The Association for Bahá’í Studies, Chile, is established in Santiago. [BW19:358–9] Santiago; Chile; Latin America Bahai Studies, Associations for
1985 22 - 23 Oct The 14th Muzakarah (Conference) of the Fatwa Committee of the National Council for Islamic Religious Affairs Malaysia discussed the Bahá'í doctrine and decided that the Bahá'í doctrine is not part of Islam. Muslims involved in this teaching are deemed as apostates. Therefore, Muslims are prohibited from following this teaching and anyone involved in it must denounce it at once and repent. [Fatwa] Malaysia fatwa
1985 24 Oct On the fortieth anniversary of the United Nations and in anticipation of the United Nations International Year of Peace, the Universal House of Justice addresses a statement to the peoples of the world, The Promise of World Peace, on the theme of universal peace. [BBD174, 187–8; BW19:139, 155; VV59, 86–8]
  • Within six months national spiritual assemblies present copies to 167 world leaders, including 140 to leaders of independent countries. [BW19:139, 334–6]
  • For pictures see BW19:337–44.
  • For text see BW19:324–33.
BWC; Worldwide United Nations; Universal House of Justice; Promise of World Peace (statement)
1985 22 Nov The Promise of World Peace is presented to the Secretary-General of the United Nations Javier Perez de Cuellar by Hand of the Cause Amatu’l-Bahá Rúhíyyih Khánum and representatives of the Bahá’í International Community. [BW19:33, 382; VV87] United Nations; Javier Perez de Cuellar; United Nations, Secretary-Generals; Promise of World Peace (statement); Mashriqul-Adhkar (House of Worship); Amatul-Baha Ruhiyyih Khanum; Bahai International Community
1985 13 Dec For the first time, the United Nations General Assembly adopts a resolution on the human rights situation in Iran which contains specific references to the Bahá’ís. [BW19:38; VV55] United Nations; religious persecution first resolution on human rights that specifically mentions the situation of the Bahá'ís in Iran.
1985 27 Dec - 1986 2 Jan The Universal House of Justice convenes a Counsellors’ Conference at the Bahá’í World Centre. [AWH39; BW19:29; VV122]
  • The gathering, held in the Seat of the Universal House of Justice, consulted on the opportunities and challenges facing the Bahá’í world community. [BW19:29]
  • See BW19:494, 504 for pictures.
Haifa; BWC Counsellors; Bahai conferences; Counsellors conferences
1986 Hundreds of members of the Aeta tribe in Tarlac and Pampanga, Philippines, become Bahá’ís. [BINS158:13] Philippines
1986 Community-based Bahá’í health care programmes are launched in Kenya, Uganda and Swaziland, spearheaded by Dr Ethel Martens of Canada. Kenya; Uganda; Swaziland; Ethel Martens
1986 The Sri Lanka post office issues a commemorative postage stamp featuring the Bahá’í-sponsored World Religion Day. [BINS176:4] Sri Lanka World Religion Day
1986 The first local spiritual assembly of San Salvador Island, mentioned in the Tablets of the Divine Plan as Watling Island, is formed. San Salvador Island LSA first LSA San Salvador Island
1986 The Bahá’í Association for Arts (BAFA) is formed with its base in the Netherlands. Netherlands Baha’i Association for Arts (BAFA)
1986 The persecution of the Bahá’ís of Iran continues throughout the year. [BW19:177–226]
  • One Bahá’í, 15-year-old Paymán Subhání, is killed. [BW19:225–6, 234]
  • For his picture see BW19:246.
  • For the actions taken by the Bahá’í international Community see BW19:38.
Iran religious persecution; martyr; BIC
1986 The founding of the Ruaha Secondary School in southwestern rural Tanzania near Iringa, about 500kms from Dar-es-salaam. [The Mona Project (Info on the Iringa School no longer available on this web site), One Country]

In 2001 the school received a grant to build a girls dormitory. [BWNS145]

Tanzania; Iringa; Dar-es-salaam. Africa Ruaha Secondary School
1986 1 Jan The publication of the compilation entitled "Women" by the Universal House of Justice. [Messages63-86p704, Compilation of CompilationsVol 2 p355]
  • Also see a message to an individual from the Universal House of Justice entitled "Women-Their Role in Society and the Establishment of Peace; Membership on the Universal House of Justice". [Messages63-86p707-709]
BWC Women; Peace; Compilations; Universal House of Justice, Membership on
1986 2 Jan The Universal House of Justice ends the Counsellors’ Conference at the Bahá’í World Centre by announcing in a letter that the Bahá’í world has entered the fourth epoch in the Formative Age of the Cause. [AWH39–42; BBD79, 85; BW19:29; VV91]
  • The seven major objectives of the Six Year Plan, to begin at Ridván 1986, are outlined. [AWH40]
  • On the closing day of the Counsellors' Conference, the Universal House of Justice announced certain features of the Six Year Plan and the methods by which the national goals were to be worked out in consultation between the Counsellors and National Spiritual Assemblies. [Mess63-86p717]
  • year from Ridván 1992 is designated a Holy Year. [AWH40–1]
Haifa; BWC Formative Age; Six Year Plan; Holy Year; Fourth Epoch
1986 21 Jan The Islamic Research Academy at the Azhar University in Cairo publishes in a number of newspapers a lengthy opinion about the Bahá’í Faith in advance of the court cases of Bahá’ís due to be heard in February. [BW19:286]
  • For a refutation of this statement by the Bahá’í International Community, see BW19:288–96.
Egypt religious persecution; BIC
1986 5 Feb The message from the Universal House of Justice addressed to all National Assemblies with the compilation entitled "The Epochs of the Formative Age" prepared by the Research Department. [Messages63-86p710-716] BWC Epochs; Formative Age; Compilations
1986 13 Mar The United Nations Commission on Human Rights adopts a resolution asking its chairman to appoint a new special representative to report to the General Assembly in November 1986 on the human rights situation in Iran, including the situation of the Bahá’ís. [BINS153:12] Iran United Nations Commission on Human Rights
1986 Apr The first province-wide gathering of Bahá’í youth in Northern Ireland convenes. [BINS154:15] Northern Ireland first province-wide gathering Bahá’í youth in Northern Ireland
1986 Ridván The Seven Year Plan is successfully completed. (1979-1986) [BW19:23]
  • For a graph showing the growth of the Bahá’í Faith in this period see BW19:23.
  • For statistics on the Bahá’í Faith at this date see BINS155:13 and BW19:61–98, 112–46.
BWC Seven Year Plan; Teaching Plans
1986 Ridván The Six Year Plan (1986-1992) is launched. [AWH40, 42–4; BBRSM159; VV91] BWC Six Year Plan; Teaching Plans
1986 23 May Fourteen State Bahá’í Councils are elected in India by members of local spiritual assemblies. [BW19:162; VV99–100]
  • For a description of the Councils and their responsibilities see BW19:162–4.
India State Bahai Councils
1986 Jul Jack Malardy, 88-year-old tribal leader of the Karradjarrie people of Australia, and his wife Lilly become Bahá’ís in Lagrange, Australia. [BINS156:3; BINS179:1] Australia Jack Malardy; Lilly Malardy
1986 18 – 24 Jul The European Bahá’í Youth Movement is launched at the Bahá’í Youth School, Landegg Conference Centre, Switzerland. [BINS157:9–10; BINS158:10] Switzerland European Baha’i Youth Movement
1986 3 – 4 Aug The Honourable Sir Thomas David, Prime Minister of the Cook Islands, at his request, consults with the Universal House of Justice at the Bahá’í World Centre about world peace, ‘the most concrete response to date by a political leader to the Peace Statement’. BINS157:1; VV88]
  • For picture see VV86.
Haifa; BWC; Thomas David; UHJ
1986 6 Aug The Brazilian Society of Physicians for Peace is formed by Bahá’í physicians in Pôrto Alegre at a ceremony attended by 120 medical professionals. [BINS159:2–3] Pôrto Alegre Brazilian Society of Physicians for Peace
1986 6 Aug The Indo-Chinese Refugee Committee of Thailand estimates that five to six thousand people are Bahá’ís in the refugee camps on the Thai border. [BINS158:17] Thailand Indo-Chinese Refugee Committee
1986 19 Oct Lorraine Kahn of Pine Springs, Arizona, is elected a delegate to the United States National Convention, the first Navajo woman to serve in this capacity. [BINS161:19] USA Lorraine Kahn; National Convention first Navajo woman delegate national convention
1986 13 Nov Zikrullah Khadem (Dhikru’lláh Khádem), Hand of the Cause of God, passes away in Skokie, Illinois. (b.1904) [VV123; ZK151]
  • Shoghi Effendi had appointed him among the second contingent on the 29th of February, 1952. [MoCxxiii]
  • See also Khadem, Zikrullah Khadem: The Itinerant Hand of the Cause of God.
Skokie; Illinois Zikrullah Khadem; Hand of the Cause; In Memoriam; Appointment Hand - Second Contingent
1986 Dec The National Spiritual Assembly of Mauritania and all ten local spiritual assemblies in the country are dissolved. Mauritania NSA; LSA
1986 7 Dec Radio Bahá’í Liberia, the first Bahá’í radio station in Africa, makes its test broadcast. [BINS164:6] Liberia Radio Bahá’í Liberia first Bahá’í radio station in Africa
1986 23 - 27 Dec International Teaching Conference was held in New Delhi in conjunction with the opening of the Mashriqu'l-Adhkár. It was attended by 8,000 Bahá'ís from 114 countries. [BW20p731-753] New Delhi; India International Teaching Conference; Mashriqu'l-Adhkar
1986 24 Dec The House of Worship in New Delhi, India, is dedicated in the presence of Hand of the Cause Amatu’l-Bahá Rúhíyyih Khánum and more than 8,000 Bahá’ís from 114 countries. [AWH47; BINS161; BW19:102 BW20p732-733, VV92]
  • See VV93–4 for pictures.
  • Marble for the House of Worship was cut and chiseled by Margraf, a firm from Chiampo, Italy formerly known as Industria Marmi Vincentini. [BWNS1223]
New Delhi; India; Chiampo; Italy Mashriqul-Adhkar (House of Worship); Amatul-Baha Ruhiyyih Khanum; Dedications; Marble
1987 The establishment of the Bahá'í Institute for Higher Education (BIHE) to meet the educational needs of young people who had been systematically denied access to higher education by the Iranian government. [Closed Doors, Chapter IV] Iran Bahai Institute for Higher Education (BIHE); Persecution; Human Rights; Education
1987 The Bayan Hospital, the first Bahá’í hospital in Honduras, opens in Palacios. Palacios Bayan Hospital first Bahá’í hospital in Honduras
1987 The first conference on Huqúqu’lláh is held at the Bahá’í World Centre. Haifa; BWC Huququ'llah first conference on Huqúqu’lláh
1987 The first National Children’s Camp in Australia is held in Yerrinbool School with 36 children between 9 and 13 years of age in attendance. [BINS173:10] Australia Yerrinbool Bahai School; Children first National Children’s Camp in Australia
1987 The first conference on the production of Bahá’í literature in Spanish is held in Argentina. Argentina first conference on the production of Bahá’í literature in Spanish
1987 The first Pygmy local spiritual assembly in the Central African Republic is formed. [BINS173:1] Central African Republic LSA first Pygmy LSA Central African Republic
1987 16 – 17 Jan The first Youth Conference of the Bahamas is held with representation from three islands. [BINS173:9] Bahamas Conferences, Bahai; Conferences, Youth; Youth; First conferences first Youth Conference of the Bahamas
1987 26 Jan Charles Wolcott, member of the Universal House of Justice, passes away in Haifa. [BINS162:1; VV97] Haifa Charles Wolcott; UHJ; In Memoriam
1987 6 – 8 Feb Maori women hold the first National Women’s Hui in the tribal area of Ngati Tuwaretoa, New Zealand. [BINS163:8] Ngati Tuwaretoa; New Zealand first National Women’s Hui in Ngati Tuwaretoa, New Zealand
1987 24 Feb The Bahá’í Cultural Centre is opened in the Guaymi area of Panama. Panama
1987 Mar The first Bahá’í Winter School held on San Salvador Island, Bahamas, takes place. [BINS164:11] San Salvador Island; Bahamas first Bahá’í Winter School on San Salvador Island
1987 24 Mar Radio Bahá’í of Liberia, the first Bahá’í radio station in Africa, is inaugurated in Maynesville. [BINS164:6; BW19:121; VV77] Maynesville Radio Bahá’í of Liberia first Bahá’í radio station in Africa
1987 Ridván The National Convention of Turkey is held for the first time with the official permission of the Turkish government. Turkey National Convention first National Convention held with official permission of Turkish government
1987 Ridván A reorganization of the areas of jurisdiction of local spiritual assemblies in India results in the loss of 5,000 assemblies, substantially reducing the over-all number of local assemblies in the world. India LSA
1987 Ridván The National Spiritual Assembly of Zaire is re-formed. [AWH48] Zaire NSA Zaire
1987 22 Apr A ceremony is held to sign a ‘status agreement’ between the Bahá’í International Community and the Government of Israel defining the relationship of the Bahá’í World Centre with the State of Israel. [LETTER OF THE UNIVERSAL HOUSE OF JUSTICE, 30 APR 87]
  • Shimon Peres, Vice-President and Foreign Minister, represents the Government of Israel while Donald Barrett signs the agreement in his capacity as Secretary-General of the Bahá’í International Community. [LETTER OF THE UNIVERSAL HOUSE OF JUSTICE, 30 APR 87]
Israel; Haifa; BWC; status agreement; BIC; Shimon Peres; Donald Barrett
1987 30 Apr The Universal House of Justice indicates that the way is open to erect the remaining buildings on the arc at the Bahá’í World Centre. [AWH51] Mount Carmel
1987 31 Aug The Universal House of Justice calls for the erection of the remaining three buildings along the arc at the Bahá’í World Centre—the Centre for the Study of the Sacred Texts, the Seat of the International Teaching Centre and the International Bahá’í Library—as well as an expansion of the International Archives building and the creation of 19 monumental terraces from the foot of Mount Carmel to its crest. [AWH50–4, 90; BBD21; VV96] Mount Carmel Centre for the Study of the Sacred Texts; International Teaching Centre, Seat; International Bahai Library; International Archives building; Terraces; Arc project
1987 Sep The United Nations Secretary-General designates the Bahá’í International Community and the National Spiritual Assemblies of Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Kenya and Lesotho as Peace Messengers, an honour given to only 300 organizations worldwide for their support of the UN Year of Peace 1986. [BINS173:4] New York United Nations; Bahai International Community; International Year of Peace; Peace; Australia; Belgium; Brazil; Kenya; Lesotho
1987 autumn The Post Office of the United Kingdom issues a commemorative stamp honouring Bernard Leach, Bahá’í and world-renowned potter. [BINS173:8] United Kingdom Bernard Leach
1987 autumn The National Spiritual Assembly of Brazil submits proposals based on Bahá’í principles such as human rights to the National Constitutional Assembly drafting the new constitution. [BINS174:2]
  • Favourable responses are received from 46 Senators and Deputies. [BINS174:2]
Brazil NSA Brazil
1987 Oct The first local spiritual assembly on the island of São Tomé is formed at São Tomé. São Tomé LSA first LSA São Tomé
1987 3 Oct The Bahá’í International Community joins the Network on Conservation and Religion of the World Wide Fund for Nature, the sixth major religion to do so. [AWH56; BBD38; VV106] Bahai International Community; World Wide Fund for Nature; Nature; Environment
1987 Nov Representatives of 17 national spiritual assemblies in Europe and North America, together with senior representatives of the Offices of the Bahá’í International Community, meet in Germany to discuss their external affairs. [AWH56; VV105] Germany external affairs
1987 Dec The first Children’s Conference of Uganda is held in Kikaaya, Kampala. [BINS173:7] Kikaaya; Kampala Children’s Conference of Uganda first Children’s Conference of Uganda
1988 The opening of the School of the Nations in Taipa, Macau with 5 students enrolled in kindergarten. [SoN, BWNS460] Taipa; Macau School Nations
1988 The government of Niger authorizes the resumption of Bahá’í activities and Bahá’í administration under an administrative committee. Niger
1988 The first Caribbean Bahá’í Women’s conference takes place in Antigua. Antigua Caribbean Baha’i Women’s conference first Caribbean Bahá’í Women’s conference
1988 Branches of the Bahá’í International Community’s Office of Public Information are established in Paris and London. [VV54] Paris; London BIC
1988 ‘Arts for Nature’, a fund-raising programme held to benefit the work of the World Wide Fund for Nature, is held in London with the collaboration of the Bahá’í International Community. [AWH61; VV106] London; United Kingdom Bahai International Community; Arts; Nature; World Wide Fund for Nature; Environment
1988 More than a thousand people become Bahá’ís in Taiwan as a result of the Muhájir Teaching Project. [BINS187:4] Taiwan Muhajir Teaching Project
1988 The Bahá’í International Community becomes a founding member of ‘Advocates for African Food Security: Lessening the Burden for Women’, a coalition of agencies and organizations formed to act on behalf of farm women in Africa, and is convener for 1988–92. Africa Bahai International Community; Rural development; Social and economic development; Women; NGOs
1988 Jan A teaching campaign is launched in Chad, resulting in 1,340 new Bahá’ís and 33 new local spiritual assemblies. [BINS187:1] Chad LSA
1988 17 Feb The publication of the statement by the Bahá'í International Community, “Eliminating Religious Intolerance”, to the forty-fourth session of the United Nations Commission on Human Rights. Geneva Eliminating Religious Intolerance; United Nations
1988 19 Feb The publication of the statement by the Bahá'í International Community, “Eliminating Torture”, to the fouty-fourth session of the United Nations Commission on Human Rights. Geneva Eliminating Torture; United Nations; UN
1988 8 Mar Shirin Fozdar, ardent champion of women’s rights and influential women’s leader, is honoured for her work for equality and women’s advancement at a ceremony organized by the Singapore Council of Women, which she founded in 1952. [BINS176:7] Singapore Shirin Fozdar; Singapore Council of Women
1988 Apr The House of Abdu'lláh Páshá is open for the Bahá'ís to visit for the first time on the occasion of the Sixth International Convention. [ARG61-62] Haifa House of Abdullah Pasha; Bahaullah, Houses of
1988 Ridván The Universal House of Justice is elected for the sixth time at the International Convention held in Haifa. Delegates from 148 National/Regional Assemblies participated. [BINS176; VV97]
  • David Hofman and H. Borrah Kavelin announce their retirement. [VV97]
  • A gift of a large bowl of 120 roses was received from the Bahá'í of Iran.
BWC; Haifa; Iran International Conventions; David Hofman; Borrah Kavelin; Retirement; Gifts; Roses
1988 Ridván The National Spiritual Assembly of Guinea is formed with its seat in Conakry. [BINS178:8] Conakry NSA firs NSA Guinea
1988 Jun Over 100,000 people, including large numbers of women, youth and families, become Bahá’ís in Uttar Pradesh, India. [BINS179:4] Uttar Pradesh; India
1988 30 Jun - 3 Jul The Bahá’í Arts Council, Canada, holds the first arts festival, ‘Invitation 88: A Festival of the Human Spirit’ at the University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario. [BINS179:2] London; Ontario; Canada Baha’i Arts Council first arts festival Canada
1988 Jul Nearly 50 people become Bahá’ís in Saipan, Mariana Islands. [BINS181:5]
  • Later reports indicate 91 people have enrolled by October 1988.
Saipan; Mariana Islands
1988 Jul Eighty–nine people become Bahá’ís in Belize. [BINS186:2] Belize
1988 Jul In 18 days of teaching, 876 adults, youth and children become Bahá’ís in Haiti. [BINS181:7]
  • Reports from the National Spiritual Assembly in September indicate that 2,371 people enrolled in the first phase of the teaching campaign.
Haiti
1988 7 – 10 Jul The first Youth Convention of Spain is held in Madrid. [BINS180:5] Madrid first Youth Convention of Spain
1988 14 – 17 Jul The Bahá’í Association for Arts (BAFA) holds its first arts festival at the Bahá’í conference centre De Poort, Netherlands. [BINS180:4] De Poort; first arts festival Netherlands
1988 15 Jul The first International Women’s Conference of Paraguay opens, attended by 130 women from seven countries. [BINS180:5] Paraguay; Latin America Conferences, Bahai; Conferences, Women; Women first International Women’s Conference of Paraguay
1988 Jul - Aug Over 500 people become Bahá’ís in Liberia. [BINS184:8] Liberia
1988 Aug A 20-day teaching project in Coro, Falcon State, Venezuela, enrols 120 people in the first two days. [BINS182:7] Coro; Falcon State; Venezuela
1988 3 – 7 Aug The first Iberian Youth Conference is held in Lisbon, attended by 120 Bahá’ís from nine European countries. [BINS181:6] Lisbon; Portugal; Europe Conferences, Bahai; Conferences, Youth; Conferences, International; Youth first Iberian Youth Conference
1988 Sep An intensive teaching campaign in Kenya enrols 448 new Bahá’ís. [BINS184:8] Kenya
1988 Sep A five-day teaching project in the Lake Titicaca region of Peru enrols 738 youth and 1,026 adults, almost half of whom are women. [BINS184:10]
  • A later report gives the figure as over 2,000. [BINS185:8]
Lake Titicaca; Peru
1988 Sep A teaching project in Maddhya Pradesh, India, enrols 20,000 new Bahá’ís in Morena District. [BINS185:4] Maddhya Pradesh; India
1988 10 Sep A three-month teaching project is launched in Colombia, resulting in 1,245 people becoming Bahá’ís. [BINS193:1] Colombia
1988 24 – 25 Sep The first annual Bahá’í Studies Conference of Spain is held in Barcelona. [BINS192:5] Barcelona Baha’i Studies Conference of Spain first annual Bahá’í Studies Conference of Spain
1988 24 Sep The six-week Manicaland Teaching Campaign is launched in Zimbabwe, reporting 166 enrolments in the first three weeks. [BINS188:8] Zimbabwe
1988 Oct In the State of Orissa, India, 2,600 people become Bahá’ís and 16 new local spiritual assemblies are formed in 15 days. State of Orissa; India LSA
1988 Oct One hundred and twenty people in Hong Kong and 280 in Macau become Bahá’ís as a result of teaching institutes. [BINS189:8]
  • A later report states that more than 600 people in Macau have become Bahá’ís. [BINS194:3]
Hong Kong; Macau
1988 Oct Thirteen Romanies become Bahá’ís in northern Spain. [BINS186:7] Spain
1988 Nov c. Pietro Pandolfini, the first from the Albanian minority in Sicily to become a Bahá’í, enrols. [BINS189:5] Sicily Pietro Pandolfini first from Albanian minority Sicily
1988 Nov More than 2,500 people enrol in Bangladesh. [BINS190:5]
  • A later report indicates that over 5,000 people have become Bahá’ís and 108 new local spiritual assemblies formed. [BINS192:1]
Bangladesh LSA
1988 Nov - Dec One thousand one hundred people become Bahá’ís in the State of Gujarat, India. [BINS190:5] India
1988 Nov - Dec Six hundred people become Bahá’ís in West Bengal and 5,150 in Orissa, India. [BINS189:4–5] India
1988 Nov - Dec The first members of the Jhana tribe to become Bahá’ís enrol in India. [BINS189:5] India
1988 Nov - 1989 Feb Teaching projects are launched in the Philippines, resulting in 3,847 people becoming Bahá’ís. [BINS195:4] Philippines
1988 26 Nov - 4 Dec Over a thousand people become Bahá’ís in Bolivia during a teaching project. [BINS189:2]
  • A later report indicates that over 2,000 people have become Bahá’ís. [BINS195:1]
Bolivia
1988 30 Nov The Bahá’í International Community is elected Secretary of the Board of the ‘Conference on Non-Governmental Organizations in consultative status with the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations’ (CONGO) for the period 1988–91. [BINS189:2] New York BIC; Conference on Non-Governmental Organizations; Economic and Social Council of the United Nations
1988 Dec c. The Government of Western Samoa publishes a Christmas issue of four stamps of religious buildings, among them the Bahá’í House of Worship in Samoa. [BINS196:8] Western Samoa House of Worship; Mashriqu'l-Adhkar
1988 4 Dec A two-week teaching project is launched, resulting in 414 people becoming Bahá’ís, including ten chiefs. [BINS192:4]
1988 8 Dec The plenary session of the General Assembly of the United Nations adopts a resolution concerning human rights in Iran which specifically mentions the suffering of the Bahá’ís. [BINS189:2] Iran United Nations; religious persecution
1988 18 Dec H. Borrah Kavelin, former member of the first House of Justice, passes away in Albuquerque, New Mexico. [VV97] Albuquerque; New Mexico; United States Borrah Kavelin; Universal House of Justice, Members of; Births and deaths; In Memoriam
1988 28 Dec Sean Hinton, a British Bahá’í youth of 22 years, arrives in Ulaan Baator, Mongolia, as an official research scholar in ethnomusicology from the University of Cambridge, the first Bahá’í to reside in Mongolia. [VV101]
  • Seven months later he is named a Knight of Bahá’u’lláh by the Universal House of Justice.
  • See VV101 for a picture.
Ulaan Baator; Mongolia Sean Hinton first Bahá’í to reside in Mongolia
1988 29 Dec The Universal House of Justice issues a letter to the Bahá’ís in the United States published as Individual Rights and Freedoms in the World Order of Bahá’u’lláh. Haifa UHJ; Individual Rights and Freedoms in the World Order of Baha’u’llah
1988 30 Dec - 1989 1 Jan Senior officers of the Bahá’í International Community in the Holy Land, Geneva and New York meet with representatives of five national spiritual assemblies to discuss their collaboration with the United Nations, its agencies and their governments. BIC
1988 24 Dec The first National Youth Conference of Côte d’Ivoire takes place. [BINS196:9] Côte d’Ivoire Conferences, Bahai; Conferences, Youth; Youth; First conferences first National Youth Conference of Côte d’Ivoire
1989 More than 250 people become Bahá’ís in Zambia in the first three months of the year. [BINS201:6] Zambia
1989 During a three-week teaching effort on the island of Tobago, 450 people become Bahá’ís. [BINS201:7] Tobago
1989 The first travel teachers to visit Albania since World War II arrive from Italy. Albania first travel teachers visit Albania since WW II
1989 Fourteen-year-old Olga Anatolevna Kirushkin becomes a Bahá’í in Minsk, the first known native person to become a Bahá’í in Belarus. Minsk Olga Anatolevna Kirushkin first known native Bahá’í in Belarus
1989 The New Era Foundation was formed by the US National Spiritual Assembly to sponsor a wide range of development projects in several continents. [VV81] US The New Era Foundation
1989 A branch of the Bahá’í International Community’s Office of Public Information is established in Hong Kong in anticipation of the time when the Bahá’í Faith can be proclaimed on the mainland of China. [AWH61; VV54] Hong Kong BIC Office of Public Information
1989 Three International Music Festivals are held in Africa. [BINS215] Africa International Music Festival
1989 The establishment of the Bahá'í International Community's Office of the Environment in New York. Ridván Message 1992 [AWH75; VV54 106] New York Baha'i International Community's Office of the Environment
1989 Jan Three per cent of the population of North Tarawa, Kiribati, 70 people, become Bahá’ís. [BINS193:3] North Tarawa; Kiribati
1989 7 Jan A week-long teaching project is launched in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands resulting in 43 enrolments and the re-formation of two local spiritual assemblies. [BINS191:7] Andaman and Nicobar Islands LSA
1989 Feb The inaugural publication of One Country, the newsletter of the Bahá'í International Community. It is a publication of the Office of Public Information of the Bahá'í International Community in New York. The periodical reports mainly on activities of the worldwide Bahá'í community in relation to issues of sustainable development, peace and world order, human rights, and the advancement of women. [BW'86-‘92 p.539] New York; U.S.; Paris; France One Country; newsletter; Baha'i International Community First French language edition of One Country Find date
1989 8 Feb The publication of the statement by the Bahá'í International Community, “Eliminating Racism”, to the forty-fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Human Rights. Geneva Eliminating Racism; United Nations
1989 9 Feb The publication of the statement by the Bahá'í International Community, “Right to Development”, to the forty-fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Human Rights. Geneva Right to Development; United Nations
1989 15 Feb The publication of the statement by the Bahá'í International Community, “Creating a Universal Culture of Human Rights”, to the fourty-fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Human Rights. Geneva Creating a Universal Culture of Human Rights; United Nations
1989 9 Mar The Commission on Human Rights adopts a resolution expressing grave concern at human rights violations in Iran, mentioning the Bahá’ís three times. [BINS195:1] Iran Commission on Human Rights; religious persecution
1989 17 Mar The Bahá’í International Community enters into a ‘working relationship’ with the World Health Organization (WHO) for the period 1989–91. [AWH61; BINS201:1] Bahai International Community; World Health Organization (WHO)
1989 23 – 26 Mar The First National Women’s Conference of Spain is held in Madrid. [BINS201:6] Madrid National Women’s Conference of Spain first National Women’s Conference of Spain
1989 24 – 27 Mar The first All-Ireland Youth Spring School is held in Closkelt, Northern Ireland. [BINS197:51] Closkelt; Northern Ireland first All-Ireland Youth Spring School
1989 Apr The Association for Bahá’í Studies of Malaysia is established. [BINS206:8] Malaysia; Asia Bahai Studies, Associations for
1989 Apr Nearly one half million new believers were enrolled since last Ridván. [AWH60]
1989 Apr The first National Spiritual Assembly of the Bahá'ís of Macau was formed. [PH73; AWH62] Macau NSA first NSA of Macau
1989 Apr The first National Spiritual Assembly of the Bahá'ís of Guinea-Bissau was formed. [PH73; AWH62] Guinea-Bissau NSA first NSA of Guinea-Bissau
1989 Apr The Universal House of Justice announced a vast majority of prisoners that had been held by authorities in Irán had been released. [AWH62] Irán UHJ
1989 Apr The re-creation of the Local Spiritual Assembly of 'Ishqábád. [AWH73; VV111] 'Ishqábád LSA
1989 Apr Some four million persons had visited the House of Worship in New Delhi to this date. [AWH61] New Delhi; India Mashriqul-Adhkar (House of Worship)
1989 Ridván The National Spiritual Assembly of Guinea-Bissau is formed. [AWH62; BINS199:1, 4] Guinea-Bissau NSA first NSA Guinea-Bissau
1989 Ridván The Local Spiritual Assembly of ‘Ishqábád (now Ashgabat, Turkmenistan) is re-formed after a lapse of 61 years, the first local assembly to be formed in the Soviet Union. [AWH73; VV111] ‘Ishqábád LSA first LSA to in Soviet Union.
1989 Ridván The Universal House of Justice reports that nearly half a million people became Bahá’ís in the past year. [AWH60]
1989 Ridván The Universal House of Justice announces the release of the vast majority of the Bahá’í prisoners held in Iran. [AWH62] Iran religious persecution
1989 Ridván The National Spiritual Assembly of Macau is formed. [AWH62; BINS199:1; VV104] Macau NSA first NSA Macau
1989 May Nearly 880 people become Bahá’ís in Guyana. [BINS202:8] Guyana
1989 May The Olinga Teaching Project is launched in Fiji, resulting in over a thousand people becoming Bahá’ís. [BINS204:3] Fiji
1989 6 May The Bahá’í World Centre receives one of six awards given by the Council for a Beautiful Israel in a ceremony in Jerusalem. [BINS199:2] Jerusalem; BWC; Council for a Beautiful Israel
1989 25 Jun The Universal House of Justice said in a message it was now timely for the knowledge of the Bahá'í Faith to be disseminated on the mainland of China as quickly as possible. [PH80]
  • Also see [SWvol13no7pg185; VV104]
China UHJ
1989 Jul - Aug Five European Regional ‘Peace Moves’ Youth Conferences are held in different parts of the continent. Europe Conferences, Bahai; Conferences, Youth; Youth; Peace
1989 Jul Sean Hinton, the first Bahá’í to reside in Mongolia, is named a Knight of Bahá’u’lláh by the Universal House of Justice. Mongolia Sean Hinton; Knight of Baha’u’llah first Bahá’í to reside in Mongolia
1989 1 – 2 Jul The first European Bahá’í Women’s Conference is held at De Poort Conference Centre, the Netherlands. [BINS203:2] De Poort; Netherlands European Baha’i Women’s Conference first European Bahá’í Women’s Conference
1989 3 Jul The passing of Bobbie Cowan in Invermere, BC. [AC297] Invermere; BC Bobbie Cowan; In Memoriam
1989 5 Jul Dr Ugo Giachery, Hand of the Cause of God, passes away while on a visit to Western Samoa. [BINS204:1; VV123]
  • For the cable of the Universal House of Justice see BINS204:1.
  • Shoghi Effendi had appointed him among the first contingent on the 24th of December, 1951. [MoCxxiii]
Western Samoa Ugo Giachery; Hand of the Cause; In Memoriam; Appointment Hand - First Contingent
1989 10 Jul The Universal House of Justice issued statement on literacy. [AWH142-3] UHJ; literacy
1989 23 Jul The first meeting of Bahá’í women in Mauritius takes place at the Bahá’í Institute. [BINS215:6] Mauritius first meeting of Bahá’í women in Mauritius
1989 Aug Forty Bahá’ís from Réunion, Mauritius, Seychelles and France join a teaching campaign in Madagascar during which 724 people become Bahá’ís. [BINS217:4] Madagascar
1989 Aug The first Mongolian to become a Bahá’í, Ms Oyundelger, a 22-year-old English-language pupil of Sean Hinton, enrols in Ulaan Baator. [VV101] Ulaan Baator Ms Oyundelger; Sean Hinton first Bahá’í Mongolia
1989 3 Aug The first Latvian resident in Latvia to become a Bahá’í, Lilita Postaza, a renowned tapestry artist, enrols after visiting the Bahá’í temple in India. Latvia Lilita Postaza; House of Worship; Mashriqu'l-Adhkar first Latvian Bahá'í resident in Latvia
1989 27 Aug The Universal House of Justice sent a message offering clarification on the subject of the Feast. [Universal House of Justice 27 August, 1989] BWC Feast
1989 27 Aug The Universal House of Justice message on the 19 Day Feast. [AWH192-4] UHJ; Nineteen Day Feast
1989 Summer The founding of the Maxwell International Bahá'í School. It was a co-ed Bahá'í school located on Shawnigan Lake, British Columbia, Canada. It offered boarding students and day students instruction from grades 7-12. Its educational philosophy was based on the principles of the Bahá'í Faith. Students attended from all over the world. The school was opened with guest of honour Amatu'l-Bahá Rúhíyyih Khánum (Mary Maxwell, daughter of May and Sutherland) and wife of the Bahá'í Faith's Guardian, Shoghi Effendi. A tree was planted in dedication to the opening of the school. In the early 2006-2007 school year, the school board decided to drop "Bahá'í" from its name, changing it to "Maxwell International School". The school closed on its 20th anniversary in 2008. [Wiki] Shawnigan Lake; Canada Maxwell International Bahai School; Bahai schools; Amatul-Baha Ruhiyyih Khanum
1989 Sep The Bahá’í Office of the Environment is established as part of the Bahá’í International Community in New York. [AWH75; VV54, 106] New York Baha’i Office of the Environment; BIC
1989 16 – 17 Sep Bahá’ís in Liechtenstein mount a display of Bahá’í books and an exhibition at an international festival for peace, justice and the preservation of creation held in Balzers, the first time they have been allowed to have a booth or stand of any kind in public. [BINS209:8] Liechtenstein first pubic display booth or stand Liechtenstein
1989 Oct - Nov In India, 4,300 people become Bahá’ís in the State of Orissa. [BINS213:3] India
1989 Oct The National Spiritual Assembly of Bangladesh reports the enrolment of 7,500 people in the year since November 1988. [BINS210:1] Bangladesh
1989 Oct One Country, the newsletter of the Bahá'í International Community, now published in five other languages - French, Spanish, Chinese, Russian, and German. The first French language edition of the publication was launched in Paris in October, 1989. Each issue contains two or three in-depth feature stories on the United Nations, noteworthy social and economic development projects, environmental efforts or educational programs, along with an editorial that addresses world problems from a Bahá'í point of view. Baha'i International Community; One Country
1989 10 Oct The Bahá'í World Centre received official approval by the Local Town Planning Committee and City Council of Haifa of the Town Planning Scheme for the initiation of the Projects on Mt Carmel. Haifa Mt Carmel Project find reference
1989 21 – 22 Oct The Southern African Bahá’í Association for the Advancement of Women is formed in Johannesburg. [BINS210:8] Johannesburg Southern African Baha’i Association for the Advancement of Women
1989 26 Oct The Universal House of Justice issued statement on the environment. [AWH144] UHJ; environment
1989 4 – 6 Nov The European Bahá’í Youth Council, comprising seven youth and appointed by the Universal House of Justice to coordinate those European youth activities that have a continental impact, meets for the first time, in London. [BINS213:4; BW93–4:121] London European Baha’i Youth Council first meeting European Bahá’í Youth Council
1989 late in the year The Local Spiritual Assembly of Budapest is re-elected for the first time since the proscription of 1950. [Letter of the Universal House of Justice to the National Spiritual Assembly of Austria, 6 December 1989 www.bahai.hu Note 68] Budapest; Hungary
1989 15 Dec A World Forestry Charter Gathering organized by the Offices of Public Information in London and New York takes place in London. [AWH75; BINS214:1–2]
  • It commemorates the centenary of the birth of Richard St Barbe Baker, the Bahá’í environmentalist who founded the Gatherings in 1945.
London Richard St Barbe Baker; World Forestry Charter Gathering
1989 18 Dec - 1990 2 Jan During the Youth Winter School in Traben-Trarback participants from 12 countries including East Germany, Romania, Hungary and the Soviet Union gather for the first time since the Second World War. [BINS215:2] Traben-Trarback; Germany; Eastern Europe; Soviet Union; Russia Conferences, Bahai; Conferences, Youth; Youth; International conferences; Winter schools; First conferences first gathering soviet-bloc countries since WW II
1989 18 Dec - 1990 2 Jan West Berlin Bahá’í communities are joined by 26 Bahá’ís from six European countries and the United States in proclamation and teaching activities among East Germans. [BINS215:2]
  • More than 50,000 copies of a shortened version of the Peace Statement and other Bahá’í materials are distributed at four major border check-points in West Berlin and at the Brandenburg Gate. [BINS215:2]
West Berlin; Germany Peace Statement
1989 25 – 29 Dec The first International Bahá’í Summer School of Bophuthatswana is held at the Pilanesberg National Game Reserve, attended by 263 people from 12 countries. [BINS215:1–2] Bophuthatswana Summer School first International Bahá’í Summer School of Bophuthatswana
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