Holy Days and Bahá'í Calendar:
|Days||Arabic Name||English Name||Translation|
The names of the months, which are the same as the days of each month, are as follows:
|Month||Arabic Name||Translation||First Days|
Ayyam-i-Hi (Intercalary Days) February 26th to March 1st inclusive - four in ordinary and five in leap years.
The first day of each month is thus the day of Baha, and the last day of each month the day of 'Ala'.
The Bab has regarded the solar year, of 365 days, 5 hours, and fifty odd minutes, as consisting of 19 months of 19 days each, with the addition of certain intercalary days. He has named the New Year's Day, which is the Day of Naw-Ruz, the day of Baha, of the month of Baha. He has ordained the month of 'Ala' to be the month of fasting, and has decreed that the day of Naw-Ruz should mark the termination of that period. As the Bab did not specifically define the place for the four days and the fraction of a day in the Badi' Calendar, the people of the Bayan were at a loss as to how they should regard them. The revelation of the Kitab-i-Aqdas in the city of 'Akka resolved this problem and settled the issue. Bahá'u'lláh designated those days as the "Ayyam-i-Ha" and ordained that they should immediately precede the month of 'Ala', which is the month of fasting. He enjoined upon His followers to devote these days to feasting, rejoicing, and charity. Immediately upon the termination of these intercalary days, Baha'u'11ah ordained the month of fasting to begin. I have heard it stated that some of the people of the Bayan, the followers of Mirza Yahya, have regarded these intercalary days as coming immediately after the month of 'Ala', thus terminating their fast five days before the day of Naw-Ruz. This, notwithstanding the explicit text of the Bayan which states that the day of Naw-Ruz must needs be the first day of the mouth of Bahá, and must follow immediately after the last day of the month of 'A1a'. Others, aware of this contradiction, have started their fasting on the fifth day of the month of 'Alá', and included the intercalary days within the period of fasting.
Every fourth year the number of the intercalary days is raised from four to five. The day of Naw-Ruz falls on the 21st of March only if the vernal Equinox precedes the setting of the sun on that day. Should the vernal Equinox take place after sunset, Naw-Ruz will have to be celebrated on the following day.
The Bab has, moreover, in His writings, revealed in the Arabic tongue, divided the years following the date of His Revelation, into cycles of nineteen years each. The names of the years in each cycle are as follows:
Each cycle of nineteen years is called Váhid. Nineteen cycles constitute a period called Kull-i-Shay'. The numerical value of the word "Váhid" is nineteen, that of "Kull-i-Shay'" is 361. "Vahid" signifies unity, and is symbolic of the unity of God.
The Bab has, moreover, stated that this system of His is dependent upon the acceptance and good-pleasure of "Him Whom God shall make manifest." One word from Him would suffice either to establish it for all time, or to annul it forever.
For instance, the date of the 21st of April, 1930, which is the first day of Ridvan, and which according to the Kitab-i-Aqdas must coincide with the "thirteenth day of the second Bahá'í month," and which fell this year (1930) on Monday, would, according to the system of the Badi' Calendar, be described as follows:
"The day of Kamál, the day of Qudrat, of the month of Jalál, of the year Bahhaj, of the fifth Váhid, of the first Kull-i-Shay'."