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Search Chronology for entries about " Iran"

from the Chronology

date event locations tags see also
1831 17 Jul Birth of Násiri'd-Dín Mírzá, later Sháh. Iran Nasiri'd-Din Mirza, Nasiri'd-Din Shah
1869. 25 Dec A mob attacks the Bahá'ís in Fárán, Khurásán, Iran, and two are severely beaten. [BW18:383] Fárán, Khurásán, Iran
1910 8 Jan The Persian-American Educational Society is inaugurated in Washington DC. [BFA2:XVII; 355–8]
  • Its primary purpose is to assist the Tarbíyat School in Iran. [BFA2:357]
Washington DC., Iran Persian-American Educational Society, Tarbíyat School
1924 9 Mar Two Bahá'ís are imprisoned for several months in Marághih, Iran, after two mullás stir up trouble against the Bahá'ís. [BW18:388] Marághih, Iran Iranian persecution
1924 2 Apr Bahá'ís in Turbat-i-Haydarí, Iran, are attacked; some are arrested and imprisoned and others are forced to leave the town permanently. [BW18:388] Turbat-i-Haydarí, Iran Iranian persecution
1924 5 Apr Shaykh `Abdu'l-Majíd is beaten to death in Turshíz, Khurásán, Iran. [BW18:388] Turshíz, Khurásán, Iran Shaykh `Abdu'l-Majíd; Iranian persecution
1924 22 Jun áqá Husayn-`Alí is martyred in Firúzábád, Fárs, Iran. [BW18:388] Firúzábád, Fárs, Iran áqá Husayn-`Alí; Iranian persecution
1926 7 Apr Eight or perhaps as many as twelve Bahá’ís are beaten to death in Jahrum, Fárs, Iran. [BW18:388, SETPE1p128, GBF36, UD49-53]
  • It is first reported that 12 Bahá’ís are killed. [PP98]
  • For the response of Shoghi Effendi see BA104–6, 106–8; GBF36–7; PP98–9; and UD48–53.
  • For Western accounts and responses see BBR465–72.
  • "The attacks were apparently instigated by a majlis representative who sought to gain favour with anti-Baha’i religious leaders in order to secure reelection. The Baha’is complained to the local and national authorities to obtain redress but were denied. This was the last incident of mass killing of Baha’is during Reza Shah’s reign." [Religious Contentions in Modern Iran,1881-1941 pg 229-230 by Mina Yazdani]
Jahrum, Fárs, Iran religious persecution
1926 29 Jun Three Bahá’ís are martyred in Zavárih, near Isfahán. [BW18:388] Zavárih, Iran religious persecution
1927 25 Mar Áqá ‘Abdu’l-‘A‘zím, Amínu’l-‘Ulamá’ is martyred in Ardibíl, Iran, by the order of the mujtahid. [BW18:388] Ardibíl, Iran Áqá ‘Abdu’l-‘A‘zím, Amínu’l-‘Ulamá’, martyrdom, religious persecution
1927 19 Jun Karbalá’í Asadu’lláh-i-Saqat-furúsh is martyred in Kirmán, Iran. [BW18:388] Kirmán, Iran Karbalá’í Asadu’lláh-i-Saqat-furúsh, martyrdom, religious persecution
1933 Bahá’ís in Gulpáygán, Iran, are refused admission to the public baths. Shaykh Ja‘far Hidáyat is beaten and expelled from the town. [BW18:388] Gulpáygán, Iran Shaykh Ja‘far Hidayat, religious persecution
1933 The Tavakkul Bahá’í School in Qazvín, Iran, is closed. [BW18:388] Qazvín, Iran Tavakkul Baha’i School, religious persecution
1937 Jul Nine Bahá’ís are imprisoned in Sangsar, Khurásán, Iran, for closing their shops on Bahá’í holy days. [BW18:389]
  • They are imprisoned for two months. [BW18:389]
Sangsar, Khurásán, Iran religious persecution, holy days
1941 Jan Nine Bahá’ís are arrested in Sangsar, Khurásán, Iran, and banished to other towns for closing their shops on Bahá’í holy days. BW18:389] Sangsar, Khurásán, Iran religious persecution, holy days
1941 18 Oct Four members of a Bahá’í family are killed and several other family members severely beaten in an attack on their home by an armed mob in Panbih-Chúlih, near Sárí, Iran. [BW18:389] Panbih-Chúlih, Iran religious persecution
1942 13 Feb Ustád Habíbu’lláh Mu‘ammarí is martyred in Nayríz, Iran. [BW18:389] Nayríz, Iran Ustád Habíbu’lláh Mu‘ammarí, martyr, religious persecution
1944 12 May Bahá’ís are persecuted at Ábádih, Iran. The Bahá’í centre is attacked by a mob of four thousand, the building is looted and destroyed and several Bahá’ís badly beaten. [BW18:389]
  • For Western accounts see BBR479.
Ábádih, Iran religious persecution
1944 8 Aug Three Bahá’ís are murdered in Sháhrúd, Iran, after three weeks of anti-Bahá’í agitation. Many Bahá’í houses are attacked and looted. [BW18:389] Sháhrúd, Iran religious persecution
1947 4 Jul ‘Abbás Sháhídzádih is martyred in Sháhí, Mázandarán, Iran and a fellow Baha’i, Habib Allah Hushmand, is murdered in Sarvistan. [BW18:390, Towards a History of Iran’s Baha’i Community During the Reign of Mohammad Reza Shah, 1941-1979 by Mina Yazdani.] Sháhí, Mázandarán, Iran ‘Abbas Shahidzadih, martyr, religious persecution
1948 The Bahá’í centre in Yazd, Iran, is attacked by a mob incited by Shaykh Khalisízádih. [BW18:390] Yazd, Iran Shaykh Khalisizadih, religious persecution
1948 A Bahá’í is killed after an attack on his home at Chálih-Zamín, Iran. [BW18:390] Chálih-Zamín, Iran religious persecution
1948 11 Jan Habíbu’lláh Húshmand is martyred in Sarvistán, Iran. [BW18:390] Sarvistán, Iran Habíbu’lláh Húshmand, martyr, religious persecution
1950 3 Feb Dr Sulaymán Birgís is martyred in Káshán, Iran. [BW18:390]
  • For his obituary see BW12:684–5.
Káshán, Iran Sulaymán Birgís, martyr, religious persecution
1951 Bahá’ís in Árán, Káshán, Iran, are attacked, and one dies. [BW18:390] Árán, Káshán, Iran religious persecution
1951 12 Mar Bahá’ís in Taft, Iran, are attacked and one dies. [BW18:390] Taft, Iran religious persecution
1951 Jun Bahá’ís in Fárán, Iran, are attacked and several houses burned. [BW18:390] Fárán, Iran religious persecution
1952 Bahá’ís and their homes are attacked in Najafábád, Iran, and several houses are set on fire. [BW18:390] Najafábád, Iran religious persecution
1953 Bahá’ís and their houses are attacked in Bushrúyih and Fárán, Iran. [BW18:390] Bushrúyih and Fárán, Iran religious persecution
1953 Áqá Rahmán Kulayní-Mamaqání is martyred in Durúd, Iran. [BW18:390] Durúd, Iran Áqa Rahman Kulayni-Mamaqani, martyrdom
1954 8 Dec Bahá’ís in Ádharbáyján are dismissed from their employment in the Ministries of Health and Public Highways. [BW18:390] Ádharbáyján, Iran religious persecution
1955 18–22 Jan Five Bahá’ís are arrested and beaten in Hisár, Khurásán, Iran; four of these are dragged around the town; Bahá’í houses arc attacked, looted and set on fire. [BW18:390] Hisár, Khurásán, Iran religious persecution
1955 4 Feb Bahá’í women in Hisár, Khurásán, Iran, are assaulted. [BW18:390] Hisár, Khurásán, Iran religious persecution
1955 23 Apr Ramadán begins. Shaykh Muhammad-Taqí Falsafí makes an inflammatory speech against the Bahá’ís from a mosque in Tihrán. [BW18:390]
  • This is broadcast on national radio and stirs up the people against the Bahá’ís. [BW18:390]
  • Beatings, killings, looting and raping go on for several weeks, usually incited by the local ‘ulamá. [BW18:390–1; MC16–17; ZK215–6]
  • The House of the Báb in Shíráz is attacked and damaged by a mob led by Siyyid Núru’d-Dín, a mujtahid.
Tihrán, Shíráz, Iran Shaykh Muhammad-Taqí Falsafí, House of the Báb, Siyyid Núru’d-Dín, religious persecution
1955 May-Jul Persecutions against the Bahá’ís continue throughout Iran. BW18:391]
  • Many Bahá’ís are beaten, including women and children.
  • Bahá’í houses and shops are looted and burned.
  • Bahá’ís employed in government service are dismissed.
  • Bodies of dead Bahá’ís are disinterred and mutilated.
  • Young Bahá’í women are abducted and forced to marry Muslims.
  • Several Bahá’í women are publicly stripped and/or raped.
  • Crops and orchards belonging to Bahá’ís are looted and destroyed.
  • Bahá’í children are expelled from schools.
  • The House of the Báb in Shíráz is damaged.
Shíráz, Iran religious persecution, House of the Bab in Shiraz
1955 8 May Bahá’ís are beaten at Dámghán, Khurásán, Iran. [BW18:390] Dámghán, Khurásán, Iran religious persecution
1955 8 May The Bahá’í centre at Rasht, Iran, is attacked and taken over. [BW18:390] Rasht, Iran religious persecution
1955 9 May Bahá’í houses are attacked and looted at Shíráz, Iran. [BW18:390] Shíráz, Iran religious persecution
1955 9 May The Bahá’í centre at Ahváz, Iran, is taken over. [BW18:390] Ahváz, Iran religious persecution
1955 16 May The Bahá’í centre at Isfahán, Iran, is taken over. [BW18:390] Isfahán, Iran religious persecution
1955 24 May The Bahá’í centre at Karaj, Iran, is taken over. [BW18:391] Karaj, Iran religious persecution
1955 27 May The Bahá’í centre at Máhfurúzak, Iran, is demolished. [BW18:391] Máhfurúzak, Iran religious persecution
1955 30 May Bahá’ís are attacked and wounded and their houses attacked at Ábádih, Iran. [BW18:391] Ábádih, Iran religious persecution
1955 28 Jul Seven Bahá’ís are stabbed and beaten to death by a mob in Hurmuzak, Iran. [BW18:391, Towards a History of Iran’s Baha’i Community During the Reign of Mohammad Reza Shah, 1941-1979 by Mina Yazdani.]
  • Several other Bahá’ís, including women, are beaten and injured; Bahá’í houses and property are damaged. [BW18:391]
  • See also M. Labíb, The Seven Martyrs of Hurmuzak.
  • See entry for 26 September, 2016.
Hurmuzak, Iran religious persecution, Martydom
1975 Nov In Iran, the house of the maternal uncle of the Báb and the adjacent house in which the Báb was born are destroyed on the pretext that the sites need to be cleared. [BW17:79] Shíráz, Iran religious persecution
1977 14 May The house of a Bahá’í in Fádilábád, Iran, is attacked; the Bahá’í is killed and his sister severely injured. [BW18:391]
  • BW17:79 says this was June.
Fádilábád, Iran religious persecution
1978 Dec Two hundred Bahá’í homes near Shíráz are burned and the Bahá’ís driven from them, property is stolen and many Bahá’ís are beaten. [BW17:79; BW19:42]
  • At one point 700 Bahá’ís are homeless and their means of livelihood destroyed. [BW17:79]
Shíráz, Iran religious persecution
1978 Dec Bahá’í homes in Andarún, Iran, are besieged; one Bahá’í is badly beaten. [BW18:275–6] Andarún, Iran religious persecution
1979 Feb A mob of some 5,000 armed with hatchets, spades and pickaxes converge on Hisár, Iran, intent on harming the Bahá’ís; the mob is prevented from doing so. [BW18:275]
  • Shortly afterwards the home of Mr Ma’naví is looted and he is carried off; it appears he was beaten to death. [BW18:275]
Hisár, Iran religious persecution, Mr Ma’navi
1979 spring The House of Bahá’u’lláh in Tákur, Iran, is confiscated by the Revolutionary Government. [BW18:289] Tákur, Iran House of Bahá’u’lláh, religious persecution
1979 Apr Revolutionary Guards in Iran occupy the House of the Báb in Shíráz and neighbouring Bahá’í properties, explaining that it is a temporary measure intended to protect the building. [BW17:79] Shíráz, Iran House of the Bab, religious persecution
1979 Sep Bahár Vujdání is executed in Mahábád, Iran. [BW18:255] Mahábád, Iran Bahar Vujdani, religious persecution
1979 8 – 10 Sep The House of the Báb in Shíráz is attacked and substantially demolished by a crowd accompanied by 25 Revolutionary Guards apparently under the clergyman in charge of the local religious endowments department. [BBD108; BI11; BW18:253] Shíráz, Iran House of the Bab, religious persecution
1979 Nov Bahá’í meetings are prohibited in Shasavár, Iran. [BW18:255] Shasavár, Iran religious persecution
1979 11 Nov Dr ‘Alímurád Dávúdí, a member of the National Spiritual Assembly of Iran, is kidnapped in Tihrán and presumed dead. [BW18:254, 294] Tihrán, Iran religious persecution, Dr ‘Alímurád Dávúdí, NSA
1979 Dec Work on the demolition of the House of the Báb in Shíráz is resumed and the building almost razed to the ground. [BW18:255] Shíráz, Iran religious persecution, House of the Bab
1979 Dec ‘Azamatu’lláh Fahandizh is executed in Tihrán. [BW18:255] Tihrán, Iran ‘Azamatu’llah Fahandizh, religious persecution
1981 10 Dec The Universal House of Justice announces that the House of Bahá’u’lláh in Tákur, Núr, Iran, confiscated by the Revolutionary Government in the spring of 1979, has been totally demolished and the site offered for sale by auction. [BW18:289; BW19:42] Tákur, Núr, Iran House of Bahá’u’lláh
2004 Feb In Babul, Iran, the destruction of the gravesite of Quddús, a house-like structure that marked the resting place of Mullá Muhammad-'Ali Barfurushi, was began and halted temporarily after local Bahá'ís demanded to see a legal permit for the demolition work. Later it was discovered that the dismantling of the gravesite had continued surreptitiously over a period of days until the structure was entirely demolished despite protests from Bahá'ís at the local, national, and international levels.
  • This measure came soon after the international community failed to offer a resolution on the human rights situation in Iran at the United Nations. [One Country Vol.15 Issue 4]
Babul, Iran Quddus, Iranian persecution
2004 20 Dec United Nations General Assembly has passed a resolution expressing "serious concern" over the human rights situation in Iran, making specific mention of the ongoing persecution of the Baha'i community there.
  • It called on Iran to "eliminate all forms of discrimination based on religious grounds" and took note of the recent upsurge of human rights violations against the Baha'is of Iran.
  • Specifically, the resolution noted the "continuing discrimination against persons belonging to minorities, including Christians, Jews, and Sunnis, and the increased discrimination against the Baha'is, including cases of arbitrary arrest and detention, the denial of free worship or of publicly carrying out communal affairs, the disregard of property rights, the destruction of sites of religious importance, the suspension of social, educational, and community-related activities, and the denial of access to higher education, employment, pensions, and other benefits." [BWNS341]
New York; Irán UN General Assembly, human rights
 
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