|1866. 1 Dec
||Birth of Marion Jack, prominent Bahá'í travel teacher, pioneer and artist, known affectionately as ‘General jack' for her services to the Bahá'í community, in Saint John, New Brunswick.
See LDG1:217 for information on her pioneer work.
|Saint John; New Brunswick; Canada
||Marion Jack; Bahá'í; pioneer; General jack
|1874 14 Nov
||Birth of William Sutherland Maxwell, Hand of the Cause of God, in Montreal.
||William Sutherland Maxwell; Hands of the Cause - Births and deaths; Births and deaths
|1901 2 Nov
||Birth of John Robarts, Hand of the Cause of God, in Waterloo, Ontario, Canada.
||Waterloo; Ontario; Canada
||John Robarts; Hand of the Cause of God
|| Bahá'í groups are established in Canada and in the Hawaiian Islands. [BBRSM:106-7; BFA2:160; SBBH1:135]
||It is estimated that there are from 1000 to 1100 believers in North America by this date, with about 12 believers in Montreal and six Bahá'ís in other localities in Canada. [BFA2:230]
||North America; Montreal; Canada
||Sutherland Maxwell, Hand of the Cause of God, becomes a Bahá'í. [BFA2:156]
||Montreal; QC; Canada
||Sutherland Maxwell; Hand of the Cause of God
||By this year at least 70 Bahá'í books and pamphlets have been produced in English. [BBRSM:103–4]
There are about two dozen Bahá'ís in Canada by this year. [BFA2:158]
|Canada; Tihrán; Bárfurúsh; Mázandarán
||`Ali Muhammad Varqa; Hand of the Cause of God; Mirza Muhammad-`Ali; Mu`inu't-Tujjar; Iranian persecution
||A plan to fund part-time travelling Bahá’í teachers in the USA and Canada is approved. There had been a great deal of reluctance to take this measure for fear of creating a "clergy" class but the vastness of the country and the fewness of believers of independent means as well as the impetus to teaching sparked by 'Abdu'l-Bahá's visit helped to take the decision. [BBRSM:105, 219]
||United States; Canada
||Subsidies; Funds; Travel teaching
||Shoghi Effendi sends verbal messages through Consul Schwarz to Germany and Ethel Rosenberg to Britain to form local spiritual assemblies and to arrange for the election of a national spiritual assembly in each country. [CB293; ER209, 211-12; PP56]
To the United States and Canada he sends a message to transform the `Executive Board' into a legislative institution. [CB293; CT160; ER211-12; PP56]
|Germany; Great Britain; United States; Canada
||Shoghi Effendi, Life of; Consuls; Albert Schwarz; Ethel Rosenberg; National spiritual assemblies; Executive Board
|1922 10 Dec
||The first local assembly of Montreal is formed. [BW8:639, OBCC157, TG26]
||Montreal; QC; Canada
|1925 4–9 Jul
||The Seventeenth Annual Convention of the Bahá’ís of the United States and Canada is held at Green Acre. [GAP117; SBR94]
- National Spiritual Assembly of the Bahá’ís of the United States and Canada is elected for the first time. [GPB333, SETPE1p107]
- Like the previous attempts at electing a National Assembly in 1922, 1923 and 1924, the delegates didn't fully understand the Bahá'í election procedure. Nine members were elected as well as nine alternates whose purpose was to replace absent members. [SETPE1p108]
- The members were: Alfred Lunt, William Randall, May Maxwell, George Latimer, Louis Gregory, Elizabeth Greenleaf, Mariam Haney and Keith Ransom-Kehler with Horace Holley becomes its first full-time secretary. [BW13:852; SBR233, SETPE1p108]
|United States; Canada
||Alfred Lunt; William Randall; May Maxwell; George Latimer; Louis Gregory; Elizabeth Greenleaf; Mariam Haney; Keith Ransom-Kehler; Horace Holley; National Spiritual Assembly of the Baha’is of the United States and Canada
||"A Plan of Unified Action to Spread the Baha'i Cause Throughout the United States and Canada January 1, 1926-December 31, 1928" was formulated by The National Spiritual Assembly of the United States and Canada in response to Shoghi Effendi's message to the annual National Convention. [BA86-89]
It can be found at [Plan] The goals were (1) to unify the American Bahá'í community's efforts, (2) to increase the number of Bahá'ís, (3) to "penetrate the consciousness of the public with the spirit of Bahá'u'lláh", and (4) to raise $400,000 so that the construction of the first unit of the Temple's superstructure could begin. [SBBR14p160, BFA1p110]
- This was the first of two Plans developed by the North American National Assembly in the years from 1926 to 1934 the second being "A New Plan of Unified Action To complete the Bahá'í Temple and promote the Cause in America (1931-1934)". [SBBR14p155-197]
During the years of these two plans the National Assembly of the Bahá'ís of the United States and Canada developed practices commonly used in subsequent plans, organized propagation, a central budget and the modern form of the Nineteen Day Feast. [SBBR14p160]
|National Spiritual Assembly of the United States and Canada
||There are still only 30 Bahá’ís in Canada by this date. [BBRSM186]
||Shoghi Effendi writes to the National Spiritual Assembly of the Bahá’ís of the United States and Canada stating that the laws of fasting, obligatory prayer, the consent of parents before marriage, the avoidance of alcoholic drinks and monogamy should be regarded as universally applicable and binding. [CB313]
||United States; Canada
||Laws; Gradual implementation of laws
||Mrs Mabel Ives makes an extended trip to Moncton, New Brunswick to teach the Faith. She is assisted by Rosemary Sala of St. Lambert. [TG102, 108]
||Moncton; New Brunswick; Canada
||The first native person to become a Bahá’í in Canada, Melba Loft (née Whetung), a Chippewa, accepts the Faith.
||The Canadian Department of National Defence exempts Bahá’ís from combatant military duty.
||The Canadian teaching plan (1948–53) is launched, the objective being to expand the Faith into Newfoundland and Greenland. [BBRSM158]
||The newly formed National Spiritual Assembly of the Bahá'ís of Canada launch a Five Year Plan (1948-1953). [Ruhi 8.2 p46]
||Teaching Plans; Five Year Plan
|1948 24-25 Apr
||The National Spiritual Assembly of the Dominion of Canada is established. [BBRSM:186; BW13:856; MBW143; PP397]
- See BW11:160, 184 for pictures.
- The first National Convention was held in the Maxwell's home (in 'Abdu'l-Bahá's home as will be the election of the Universal House of Justice some 15 years hence.) with 13/19 delegates from all the provinces attending. (Six were unable to attend due to a flood.) Those elected to the first National Spiritual Assembly were: Laura Davis, Rowland Estall, Lloyd Gardner, Doris Richardson, John Robarts, Emeric Sala, Rosemary Sala, Siegfried Schopflocher, and Ross Woodman. [TG110, OBCC269]
- For a picture of the first Canadian National Spiritual Assembly see OBCC148.
|1949 30 Apr
||An Act to incorporate the National Spiritual Assembly of the Bahá’ís of Canada is passed. The act establishes the name, names the officers as directors, states the location of the headquarters, defines the objectives, gives it the right to manage the affairs of the Bahá'ís, to make by-laws and to hold property. It was used as a model for registration/incorporation in other states.
||Brian Burland, the first Bermudian to become a Bahá’í, accepts the Faith in Canada.
||By this year the first Canadian Inuit has become a Bahá’í.
|1952 26 Mar
||Sutherland Maxwell, Hand of the Cause of God, passes away in Montreal. (b.14 November, 1874) [DH143; MBW132; PP246]
- For his obituary see BW12:657–62.
- Shoghi Effendi had appointed him among the first contingent on the 24th of December, 1951. [MoCxxiii]
- For his relationship with Shoghi Effendi and work on the superstructure of the Shrine of the Báb see PP236–43.
- Shoghi Effendi names the southern door of the Báb’s tomb after him in memory of his services.
- On June 16th, 1952, friends for the Montreal area gather at the grave to place, under the headstone, an alabaster box that had been sent by the Guardian. The box contains a piece of plaster taken from the walls of the prison in Máh-Kú where the Báb had been incarcerated in 1847. Another piece of plaster from the same source had been placed under the first golden tile of the dome of the Shrine of the Báb. The superstructure of the Shrine had been designed by Sutherland Maxwell. [TG55]
||Sutherland Maxwell; Bab, Shrine of; In Memoriam; Births and deaths
|1953 27 Jul
||Siegfried (Fred) Schopflocher, Hand of the Cause of God, passes away in Montreal and is buried beside the grave of Sutherland Maxwell in Mount Royal Cemetery. He was born in Germany in 1877. [BW12:664-666, LOF390, TG119, CBNS 24 July 2014, Bahá'í Chronicles, SCRIBD, Schopflocher, Siegfried (1877–1953) by Will C. van den Hoonaard]
- Shoghi Effendi had appointed him among the second contingent on the 29th of February, 1952. [MoCxxiii]
- See TG32, 228 for a short biography.
- See Schopflocher, Siegfried by Will C. van den Hoonaard.
- For his obituary see BW12:664–6.
- He was known as the “Temple Builder” because of his great contributions to the completion of the first Mashriqu’l-Adhkár of the West. [BW12:664-666]
||Siegfried Schopflocher; Hand of the Cause; In Memoriam; Appointment Hand - Second Contingent; Temple Builder
|1953 23 Sep
||Ted and Joan Anderson arrive in Whitehorse, Canada, and are named Knights of Bahá’u’lláh for the Yukon. [BW13:457]
||Ted Anderson; Joan Anderson; Knight of Bahá’u’lláh
||John and Audrey Robarts with their two younger children, Patrick and Tina, leave Toronto for their pioneer post in Mafeking (later Mafikeng), Buchuanaland (later Botswana and formerly Bophuthatswana). Older children Aldham and Gerald pioneered to Nigeria and a homefront post respectively. [LOF485-6]
- Later the same year he is appointed to the newly established Auxiliary Board by Hand of the Cause of God Músá Banání. They would return to Canada some 13 years later. [LOF486, 491]
||John Robarts; Audrey Robarts; Aldham Robarts; Gerald Robarts; Patrick Robarts; Tina Robarts
||Mary Zabolotny (later Mrs Ken McCulloch), of Polish background, arrives on Anticosti Island, Canada, and is named a Knight of Bahá’u’lláh. [BW13:449]
||Anticosti Island; Canada
||Mary Zabolotny (later Mrs Ken McCulloch); Knight of Baha’u’llah
|1962 22 May
||The first Athabascan Indian north of the Arctic Circle to become a Bahá’í, Charley Roberts, enrols. [BW15:455]
||William Carr visits Alert Bay in Canada, only 800 km from the North Pole and the most northerly inhabited location in the world.
||Alert Bay; Canada
|1967. 11 Dec
||The Bahá'í Campus Club was inaugurated at the University of New Brunswick.
||Moncton; New Brunswick; Canada
|1969. 1 Jan
||The Fredericton Bahá'í community becomes a registered charitable organization.
||Fredericton; New Brunswick; Canada
||The passing of Florence Evaline (Lorol) Schopflocher in Montreal (b.1886)
- Wife of Hand of the Cause of God Siegfried Schopflocher. For his "In Memoriam" see BW7p664.
- She circled the globe nine times on travel teaching tours and visited some 86 countries, many of them multiple times. She travelled to Iran twice visiting parts not previously visited by Western Bahá'ís.
- She visited the Guardian 11 times.
- She had several audiences with King Feisal in Iraq and discussed the question of the House of Bahá'u'lláh in Baghdád with him.
- Favourite themes for her public talks were the World Order letters of Shoghi Effendi and the emancipation and education of women.
- She is interred in the Mount Royal Cemetery in Montreal.
A radiant star went from the West to the East. [BW15p488-489
- Find a grave
|Montreal; QC; Canada
||Lorol Schopflocher; Hand of the Cause of God Siegfried Schopflocher; In Memoriam; House of Baha’u’llah in Baghdad
||The Canadian Association for Studies on the Bahá’í Faith is created. [BW16:200]
- For its history; terms of reference and programmes and publications see BW17:197–201.
||Canadian Association for Studies on the Baha’i Faith; ABS
|1975 2 – 4 Jan
||The first annual meeting of the Association for Bahá’í Studies is held at Cedar Glen, Bolton, Ontario. [BW17:198]
- See also BBD201–2; VV23–5.
|Bolton; Ontario; Canada
|1976 6 – 7 Nov
||The first Canadian Bahá’í Native Council is held in Tyendinaga, Ontario. [BW17:162]
||Tyendinaga; Ontario; Canada
||Dorothy Francis, an Aboriginal person from the Salteaux tribe, is awarded the Order of Canada for her services to Canadian native peoples and her efforts to preserve their culture. [BW17:103; VV29]
- For a picture see BW17:103.
|1980 2 May
||The first Bahá’í International Conference on Health and Healing is held in Ottawa, Canada, under the sponsorship of the Association for Bahá’í Studies. [BW 18:201]
||Canadian Association for Studies on the Baha’i Faith; ABS; Baha’i International Conference on Health and Healing; Conference
||The Canadian Association for Studies on the Bahá’í Faith is renamed the Association for Bahá’í Studies. [BBD202; VV24–5]
||Canadian Association for Studies on the Bahá’í Faith; ABS
||The Canadian Bahá’í International Development Service is established. [BBRSM154]
||Canadian Bahá’í International Development Service
|1982 10 – 11 Apr
||The Bahá’í International Health Agency is established as an affiliate of the Association for Bahá’í Studies. [BW18:201; VV25]
||Baha’i International Health Agency; ABS
|1982 2 – 5 Sep
||A Bahá’í International Conference to mark the fiftieth anniversary of the passing of the Greatest Holy Leaf is held in Montreal, Canada, attended by 9,400 Bahá’ís from 101 countries. [BW18:100; VV61]
- For the message of the Universal House of Justice see BW18:161–2.
- For a pictorial report see BW18:151–4.
||Baha’i International Conference; Conference; Greatest Holy Leaf
||The International Bahá’í Refugee Office, responsible for coordinating efforts to resettle Iranian Bahá’í refugees, is established by the National Spiritual Assembly of Canada at the request of the Universal House of Justice. [BW19:50]
- For a report of the work of the Office see BW19:50–3.
||International Baha’i Refugee Office
|1988 30 Jun - 3 Jul
||The Bahá’í Arts Council, Canada, holds the first arts festival, ‘Invitation 88: A Festival of the Human Spirit’ at the University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario. [BINS179:2]
||London; Ontario; Canada
||Baha’i Arts Council
||The founding of the Maxwell International Bahá'í School. It was a co-ed Bahá'í school located on Shawnigan Lake, British Columbia, Canada. It offered boarding students and day students instruction from grades 7-12. Its educational philosophy was based on the principles of the Bahá'í Faith. Students attended from all over the world. The school was opened with guest of honour Amatu'l-Bahá Rúhíyyih Khánum (Mary Maxwell, daughter of May and Sutherland) and wife of the Bahá'í Faith's Guardian, Shoghi Effendi. A tree was planted in dedication to the opening of the school. In the early 2006-2007 school year, the school board decided to drop "Bahá'í" from its name, changing it to "Maxwell International School".
The school closed on its 20th anniversary in 2008. [Wiki]
||Shawnigan Lake; Canada
||Maxwell International Bahai School; Bahai schools; Amatul-Baha Ruhiyyih Khanum
|1990 22 Feb
||Jalál Kházeh, Hand of the Cause of God, passes away in Toronto. (b.1897) [BINS219:90]
Note: VV123 says it was 20 February.
- He was appointed a Hand of the Cause of God on the 6th of December, 1953 after the passing of Hand of the Cause of God Siegfried Schopflocher. [MoCxxiv]
||Jalal Khazeh; Hand Cause; In Memoriam; Appointment Hand - Individual Appointment
||342 Local Spiritual Assemblies in Canada. [CBNJun91p6]
|1991 14 Nov
||In a message from Hand of the Cause A.M. Varqá, the Office of the Trustee, the Institution of the Huqúqu'lláh, to the National Spiritual Assembly of the Bahá'ís of Canada, the formation of the Board of Trustees of the Huqúqu'lláh was announced. Members were Mr. Husayn Banání, Dr. Mohsen Enayat, Dr. Gerald Hanks, Dr. Bill Hatcher, and Dr. Michael Rochester. [CBNJan92 p2]
||Hand of the Cause A.M. Varqa; Huququ'llah; NSA; Huququ'llah; xyz
|1992 19 - 22 Jun
||Graduation ceremonies were held for the thirty-eight members of the first graduating class of the Maxwell International Bahá'í School. More than seven hundred participated in the ceremonies. ["Maxwell Eagle" Sep/Oct 1992 Vol IV no. 1 page 1]
||Maxwell International Baha'i School
|1993 21 Mar
||The presentation of the first Race Unity Award by the National Spiritual Assembly of the Bahá'ís of Canada.
||NSA; Race Unity Award
|1993 10 Apr
||The passing of Roger White, writer, editor and "poet laureate" of the Bahá'í community, in Richmond, British Columbia (b. in Toronto on 2 June 1929).
- Served at the World Centre for some twenty years as a secretary and as manager of the publishing department when many important new volumes were published. Under the supervision of the Universal House of Justice, he was responsible for compiling and publishing volumes XIV to XIX of The Bahá'í World, as well as editing the invaluable compendium of volumes I to XII, published in 1981.
- Published, at his own expense, a book of poetry called Summer Window for which he did the drawing on the front cover.
- Another Song, Another Season (1979), The Witness of Pebbles (1981) and a tender and eloquent novel which presented a semi-fictionalized account of the early days of the Bahá'í Faith in Paris, A Sudden Music, was also published by George Ronald in 1983.
- This was followed by a biographical tribute to the poet Emily Dickinson in the form of more than 100 poems: One Bird, One Cage, One Flight (Naturegraph, 1983).
- A short, historical account of the martyrdom of 'Alí-Asghár of Yazd entitled The Shell and the Pearl was published by George Ronald in 1984.
- “Occasions of Grace” (George Ronald, 1992) was published after he retired from service in Haifa in 1991 following a major heart surgery.
- returned to Canada and was diagnosed with terminal cancer shortly after.
- His last two collected works of poetry were “Notes Postmarked the Mountain of God” (New Leaf, 1992) and “The Language of There” (New Leaf, 1992).
- He also completed the text for Raghu Rai's photographic celebration of the Bahá'í House of Worship in New Delhi, Forever in Bloom. [Bahá'í Studies Review, Vol7, 1997]
- See Bahá'í World 1994-95 pg249 for an article by Anne Boyles entitled "The Language of the Heart: Arts in the Bahá'í World Community" for mention of Roger White.
- See The Journal of Bahá'í Studies Vol. 26 no 1-2, 2016 p91 "Reflections on the Art of My Poetry" by John Hatcher. It is based on a telephone interview with him shortly before his passing.
- For obituary see BW92-93p276
|Richmond; British Columbia; Canada
||Roger White; In Memoriam; John Hatcher; Raghu Rai'; Anne Boyes
||A Maoris teaching team visited British Columbia. The visit was reciprocated by The Journey of Teech-ma, the First Nations Travel Teaching Trip to the South Pacific. See entry for 24 March, 1997. [SDSC370]
||British Columbia; Canada; Australia; New Zealand
||First Nations; Maoris; Indigenous people; Travel teaching
|1997. 24 Mar - 16 May
||The nine member First Nations Travel Teaching Trip to the South Pacific, called "The Journey of Teech-ma" consisted of Canadian Bahá'ís from Kwakiutl, Nuu-Cha-Nuth, the Ojibway First Nations, a Yupik Bahá'í from Alaska and three non-Native Canadian friends. They shared their culture and their Faith with the Maori, other New Zealanders, the Aborigines and other Australians as well as the ne-Vanuatu peoples. See entry for 1994 Summer. [SDSC370]
||New Zealand; Australia; Vanuatu; Canada
||First Nations; Travel Teaching; Pacific; Maoris; Aboriginals; Indigenous people
|2003 3 Mar
||The passing of Knight of Bahá'u'lláh Una Dean, née Townshend, in Edmonton, Canada. Una lived a full life of Bahá'í service. In 1946 she was the first Bahá'í in Dublin and was later a member of the first spiritual assembly. She also helped to form the first spiritual assembly in Liverpool. In October 1953 she was the first Bahá'i in Malta, a goal of the Ten Year Crusade. In 1954 she returned to Ireland to tend to her ailing father and to assist him in writing Christ and Bahá'u'lláh. After his passing in 1957 she moved to America, met and married her husband, Dick Dean, and moved to Edmonton where she served on the Local Assembly until 1987. [BW02-03p169]
||Edmonton; Alberta; Canada; Malta; Ireland; Liverpool; Dublin
||Una Dean; Una Townshend; Knight of Baha'u'llah
|2004 2 Apr
||The passing of Ola Pawlowska in Newfoundland, Canada. Knight of Bahá'u'lláh for St. Pierre and Miquelon, translator of the Writings (into Polish, Pioneer to Poland, Luxembourg and Congo (30 years), Auxiliary Board Member. [BW'03-‘04pg236, BWNS248]
||Newfoundland; Canada; St. Pierre and Miquelon; Poland; Luxembourg; Cong
||Knights of Bahaullah; Ola Pawlowska
|2004 19 Apr
||The passing of Mr Aziz Ismayn Yazdi in Vancouver, Canada at the age of 94. Aziz Yazdi lived in Egypt, Syria, Iran, Iraq, Great Britain, Uganda, Kenya, Israel, and finally Canada. In 1968 he was appointed to the Continental Board of Counsellors in Central and East Africa and was an inaugural member of the International Teaching Centre in Haifa. [BWNS297, BW'03-‘04pg239]
||Vancouver; Canada; Egypt; Syria; Iran; Iraq; Great Britain; Uganda; Kenya; Israel
||Aziz Ismayn Yazdi; Counsellors in Africa; International Teaching Centre
|2005 27 Nov
||The passing of prolific author and founding member of the Association for Bahá’í Studies of North America, Dr. William S. Hatcher, in Stratford, Ontario. (b 20 September, 1935 in Charlotte, NC).
- He served on the National Spiritual Assemblies of Switzerland (1962-65), Canada (1983-91) and the Russian Federation (1996).
- He was an associate professor of mathematics at the University of Toledo for three years before coming to Canada in 1968 with his wife Judith and served as professor of mathematics at the Université Laval until 1995.
- He was the author of vast number of articles and books including, Logic and Logos (1990), Love, Power and Justice (1998), and The Bahá'í Faith, The Emerging Global Religion (co-authored with Douglas Martin). [BWNS416, BW05-06p240-241]
- The Universal House of Justice wrote in tribute: ”The Bahá’í world has lost one of its brightest minds, one of its most prolific pens. He will long be remembered for his stalwart faith, forceful exposition, and penetrating insights.”
- The family of Dr. Hatcher is building an on-line repository of his collected works. Contributions are welcome.
|Stratford, ON; Canada
||William Hatcher; In Memoriam
|2009 10 – 11 Jan
||Regional Conferences held in Toronto, Canada and Guadalajara, Mexico. [BWNS687]
||Toronto; Canada; Guadalajara; Mexico
|2009 17 – 18 Jan
||Regional Conferences held in Lae, Papua New Guinea, Vancouver, Canada and Managua, Nicaragua. [BWNS689]
||Lae; Papua New Guinea; Vancouver; Canada; Managua; Nicaragua
|2017 30 Apr
||In his address to the Canadian National Convention on behalf of the Board of Trustees of Huqúqu’lláh for Canada, Dr A-M Ghadirian states that there are 1,115 Representatives and Deputy Trustees worldwide in 31 National and Regional Boards of Trustees.
||Huququ'llah; A.M. Ghadirian; xyz