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Search Chronology for entries about "Morocco"

from the Chronology

date event locations tags see also
1953 30 Sep Manúchihr Hizárí and Hurmuz Zindih arrive in Tangier and are named Knights of Bahá’u’lláh for Morocco (International Zone). [BW13:454] Tangier; Morocco Manúchihr Hizárí; Hurmuz Zindih; Knight of Bahá’u’lláh
1953 11 Oct Fawzí Zaynu’l-‘Ábidín and his wife, Bahíyyih ‘Alí Sa‘di’d-Dín, and their sons Kamál and Sharíf arrive in Tetuán from Egypt and are named Knights of Bahá’u’lláh for Spanish Morocco. [BW13:456]
  • For the story of Fawzí Zaynu’l-‘Ábidín’s life see BW16:544–6.
Tetuán; Spanish Morocco Fawzí Zaynu’l-‘Ábidín; Bahíyyih ‘Alí Sa‘di’d-Dín; Kamál Zaynu’l-‘Ábidín; Sharíf Zaynu’l-‘Ábidín; Knight of Bahá’u’lláh
1953 24 Oct Elsie Austin arrives in Tangier from the United States and Muhammad-‘Alí Jalálí, an Iranian, also arrives. They are both named Knights of Bahá’u’lláh for Morocco (International Zone). [BW13:454] Tangier; Morocco Elsie Austin; Muhammad-‘Ali Jalali; Knight of Baha’u’llah
1953 24 Oct Luella McKay, John and Erleta Fleming, and Alyce Janssen arrive in Spanish Morocco and are named Knights of Bahá’u’lláh. [BW13:456] Spanish Morocco Luella McKay; John Fleming; Erleta Fleming; Alyce Janssen; Knight of Baha’u’llah
1953 Nov Husayn Rawhání Ardikání and his wife, Nusrat, arrive in Tangier with their daughter, Shahlá, and are named Knights of Bahá’u’lláh for Morocco (International Zone). [BW13:454] Tangier; Morocco Husayn Rawhani Ardikani; Nusrat Rawhani Ardikani; Shahla Rawhani Ardikani; Knight of Baha’u’llah
1953 Nov ‘Alí Akbar Rafí‘í (Rafsanjání) and his wife, Sháyistih, and their 19-year-old son, ‘Abbás, arrive in Tangier and all are named Knights of Bahá’u’lláh for Morocco (International Zone). [BW13:454] Tangier; Morocco ‘Ali Akbar Rafi‘i (Rafsanjani); Shayistih Rafi‘i (Rafsanjani); ‘Abbas Rafi‘i (Rafsanjani); Knight of Baha’u’llah
1954 Apr Corporal Richard Walters and his wife, Evelyn, and Richard and Mary L. Suhm arrive in Tangier from the United States and are all named Knights of Bahá’u’lláh for Morocco (International Zone). BW13:454] Tangier; Morocco Richard Walters; Evelyn Walters; Richard Suhm; Mary L. Suhm; Knight of Baha’u’llah
1956 A Roman Catholic priest lodges a complaint against the Bahá’ís of Morocco with the Moroccan Security Service. Morocco religious persecution
1956 Ridván The first local spiritual assembly is formed in Morocco (International Zone). Morocco LSA
1957 c. Apr - 1958 Apr The first Tuareg to become a Bahá’í enrols in Rabat, Morocco. Rabat; Morocco
1961 7 Dec An article appears in the nationally prominent Moroccan newspaper Al Alam lamenting the decline of Islám and attacking the Bahá’í Faith. [MC17]
  • This gives rise to persecution of the Bahá’ís in ensuing months.
Morocco religious persecution
1962 Bahá’í homes in Morocco are searched by the police and Bahá’í literature seized. [MC17] Morocco religious persecution
1962 Jan A Bahá’í Professor of Fine Arts at the University of Tetuan, Morocco, is dismissed from his post and warned to have no association with other Bahá’ís. [MC17] Morocco religious persecution
1962 12 Apr Four Bahá’ís are arrested in Nador, Morocco. [BW13:289; BW14:97]
  • Eventually 14 Bahá’ís in total are arrested: 7 in Nador, 2 in Fez and 5 in Tetuan. [MC17]
  • For an outline of the situation as it developed over 20 months see MC16–19.
Morocco religious persecution
1962 31 Oct The 14 Bahá’ís imprisoned in Morocco are arraigned before the Regional Court of Nador. [BW13:289; MC18]
  • They are charged with rebellion and disorder, attacks on public security, constituting an association of criminals and attacks on religious faith. [BW13:289; BW14:97; MC18]
Morocco religious persecution
1962 10 Dec The trial of the 14 Bahá’ís imprisoned in Morocco on charges of sedition opens. [BW13:289; BW14:97]
  • The prosecution makes no attempt to prove the charges against the accused. [BW13:289; BW14:97]
Morocco religious persecution
1962 14 Dec The Regional Court of Nador gives its verdict in the case of the 14 Bahá’ís imprisoned in Morocco on charges of sedition: four are acquitted on the grounds that they claim to be Muslims; one is acquitted apparently through family connections; one is released on 15 years’ probation owing to his diabetes; five are committed to life imprisonment; and three are condemned to death. [BBRSM174; MC18–19]
  • The sentences are appealed to the Supreme Court. [BW13:289; BW14:97; MC19]
Morocco religious persecution
1963 1 Jan The Custodians ask all national and local spiritual assemblies to cable the King of Morocco appealing for justice for the Bahá’ís under sentence of death and imprisoned for life in his country. [BW14:97; MC19] Morocco religious persecution
1963 31 Jan Roger Baldwin, Chairman of the International League for the Rights of Man, appears before the UN sub-commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities and states that, as far they know; the Bahá’í prisoners in Morocco are the only example in recent history where members of a religion have been condemned to death solely for holding and expressing religious views regarded as heretical. [MC415–16] Morocco Roger Baldwin; religious persecution
1963 31 Mar King Hassan II of Morocco states in a televised interview in the United States that the Bahá’í Faith is not a religion and is ‘against good order and also morals’. [MC415] Morocco King Hassan II; religious persecution
1963 2 Apr King Hassan II of Morocco makes a public statement promising that if the Supreme Court upholds the decision condemning three Bahá’í prisoners to death, he will grant them a royal pardon. [MC416] Morocco King Hassan II; religious persecution
1963 4 Apr The Custodians issue a statement of information to the national spiritual assemblies of the United States and Europe regarding the Bahá’ís imprisoned in Morocco and under threat of death, reminding them that clemency or a pardon are not sufficient, as the condemned Bahá’ís cannot be pardoned for a crime they did not commit. [MC414]
  • For text of statement see MC414–20.
Morocco religious persecution
1963 23 Nov At the request of the Universal House of Justice, Bahá’ís around the world pray at the Feast of Qawl for favourable action to be taken in the case of the Bahá’ís under threat of death and imprisoned in Morocco. [BW14:98]
  • Shortly after the Feast the Moroccan Supreme Court heard the appeals, reversed the decision of the trial court and ordered the release of the prisoners. [BW14:98]
Morocco religious persecution
1963 13 Dec The Bahá’í prisoners in Morocco are released on order of the Supreme Court. [BW14:98; MC19]
  • For a picture of the release of the Moroccan Bahá’í prisoners see BW14:97.
Morocco religious persecution
1968 26 Jan A Moroccan Bahá’í is arrested, tried and convicted on the charges of having abused the sacredness of Islám and using deceptive methods to convert people to another religion; he is sentenced to three years’ imprisonment. [BW15:172] Morocco religious persecution
1968 9 Oct The widowed mother of seven children is sentenced to six months’ imprisonment in Morocco for refusing to deny her faith. [BW15:172]
  • Despite the efforts of national spiritual assemblies to secure justice for her through their embassies and cables to the King of Morocco, she is made to serve the entire sentence. [BW15:172]
Morocco religious persecution
1968 24 Oct The Moroccan Bahá’í sentenced to three years’ imprisonment in January 1968 appeals and his sentence is extended to four years. [BW15:172]
  • Despite the efforts of national spiritual assemblies to secure justice for him through their embassies and cables to the King of Morocco, he is made to serve the entire sentence. [BW15:172]
Morocco religious persecution
1974 Ridván The National Spiritual Assembly of Morocco is formed. Morocco NSA
1983 Apr The Government of Morocco prohibits all Bahá’í meetings. [BW19:49] Morocco religious persecution
1983 Dec Bahá’ís are arrested in Mohammadieh and Casablanca, Morocco. [BW19:49]
  • The Bahá’ís in Mohammadieh are convicted of violating the ban on Bahá’í meetings, are sentenced to two years’ imprisonment but are released. [BW19:49]
Mohammadieh and Casablanca; Morocco religious persecution
1984 Jun A Bahá’í in Tetuan, Morocco, is arrested and sentenced to three years imprisonment for violating the 1983 ban on Bahá’í meetings. [BW19:49]
  • An appeal to the Supreme Court is unsuccessful. [BW19:49]
Tetuan; Morocco religious persecution
 
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