1. Details about the above audio clip
This audio clip is from the Library of Congress event the "Festival of Music commemorating the seventy-fifth anniversary
of the proclamation of the thirteenth amendment to the Constitution of the United States," 1940. Below is an excerpt from Faith and Philosophy
pages 174-175 about this event:
The National Stage: An instance of Locke’s predilection for a national
stage is the Library of Congress concert. On 20 December 1940, the
Music Division of the Library of Congress hosted a concert of traditional
Negro folk music, performed by the Golden Gate Quartet,
accompanied by Joshua White on guitar and vocals. Alain Locke gave
the opening commentary on “The Negro Spiritual” and served as the
event’s “time-keeper”—probably a euphemism for “master of ceremonies.”
Blues and ballads were introduced by poet Sterling Brown, with
Alan Lomax as commentator on the “reels” and work songs that the
quartet performed. The official program notes cite the occasion: “The
Librarian of Congress and the Gertrude Clarke Whittall Foundation
present a Festival of Music commemorating the seventy-fifth anniversary
of the proclamation of the thirteenth amendment to the Constitution
of the United States.” Sound recordings of the concert were made in the
Library of Congress’s Coolidge Auditorium in Washington, D.C. and
produced by the Music Division and the Recording Laboratory of the
Library of Congress.
Jeffrey Stewart has published a transcript of Locke’s talk. Apart
from the intrinsic value of his commentary, Locke made a trenchant
statement on democracy:
"Now, of course, the slave didn’t get his democracy from the Bill of Rights.
He got it from his reading of the moral justice of the Hebrew prophets and
his concept of the wrath of God. And, particularly, his mind seized on the
experience of the Jews in Egypt and of the figure of Moses, the savior of the
people, leading them out of bondage, and, therefore, there is not only no more
musically beautiful spiritual, but no more symbolic spiritual than “Go Down
The CD can be obtained from amazon.com
. Here are full archival/bibliographic details:
Josh White, Sterling Brown, Alan Lomax, Alain Locke, the Golden Gate Quartet, Freedom: A Concert in Celebration of the 75th Anniversary of the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States (1940). Compact‑disc. New York: Bridge, 2002. This CD digitizes two monaural (not stereo) sound tape reels: analog, 7 1/2 ips, 2 track, mono.; 10 in. + 1 program ( 12 p.). Catalogued as recording AFS 6092-6095, Archive of Folk Song at the Library of Congress.
On the compact disc recording issued by Bridge Records, Locke’s lecture, "Spirituals," is eliminated entirely, except for his last sentence, “The quartet will close with ‘Travelin’ Shoes” (Track 7). But Locke’s introduction, “The Negro Spiritual,” is featured on Track Two (1:14).
2. Details about the above video clips
Rare film clips of Alain Locke obtained, by special order, from the National Archives at College Park, Maryland (Motion
Picture, Sound, and Video Records (LICON) — “Mopix” — part of the Special Media Archives Services Division (NWCS-M):
NEGRO NOTABLES; NEGRO EDUCATION AND ART IN THE U.S, 1937
National Archives Identifier: 95033
Local Identifier: H-HF-333x3
Creator(s): Harmon Foundation
Alain Locke, at his desk
Note: Feature Locke, in his Howard University office, and outside, with fedora.
THE NEGRO AND ART, 1933
National Archives Identifier: 94929
Local Identifier: H-HF-176
Creator(s): Harmon Foundation
Alain Locke, Howard University, with sculptor Richmond Barthe
Note: Entire video now posted online. Shows Locke with sculptor Richmond Barthe.