Today is Thursday, Dec 12, 2002
FIRST-PERSON: Baha'ism: nudging toward becoming America's religion
Dec 12, 2002
By Mark Coppenger
EVANSTON, Ill. (BP)--One of the best-known Christmas movies, "Home Alone," features Trinity United Methodist Church in Wilmette, Ill. It's
there that young "Kevin McCallister" hides in the Nativity scene and later, at a Christmas Eve service, meets and commiserates with the scary
old man from next door. The look is traditional, Judeo-Christian Americana, so what is a 150-foot-tall Persian temple doing less than a mile
down the street?
I'm talking about the Baha'i House of Worship, the North American center for this Middle-Eastern faith. Rising above Lake Michigan, the ornate
dome is a genuine curiosity in the North Shore suburbs that produced the likes of Donald Rumsfeld and Charleton Heston. This seems a bad fit
for the Baha'is, but I'm not so sure. I'm starting to think that Baha'ism is becoming America's religion after all.
It began in the
1840s when a Persian visionary called "the Bab" predicted a "messiah" who would fulfill all religions. This promised one turned out to be
Hussayn-Ali, who having seen himself completing the line of Moses, Christ, Krishna, Zoroaster and Muhammad, assumed the name Baha'u'llah ("The
Glory of God" in Arabic). This didn't please the resident Shi'ite Muslims, and he had to flee to Baghdad, Constantinople and finally Ottoman
Palestine, where he died in 1892. His son, then his grandson and finally the Universal House of Justice have led the faithful through the
years. Today, they're based on Mt. Carmel, near Haifa, Israel.
But what's American about that? Just consider the following, popular
Baha'i perspectives. Of course, there is some overlap with genuinely Christian concerns, but the total package is decidedly
1. There are many ways to God. Baha'is affirm Islam, Judaism, Zoroastrianism, Buddhism, Hinduism, Confucianism and
aspects of animism. This is normal for a nation where Oprah leads post-9/11 spiritual rallies and PBS' Bill Moyers hangs on the late syncretist
Joseph Campbell's every word.
2. World peace is within our grasp. Baha'is are strangers to the doctrine of original sin. By their
account, "national rivalries, hatreds and intrigues will cease and prejudice will be replaced by racial amity, understanding and cooperation
... . World peace is not only possible but inevitable." And yes, they're very keen on the Palestinian/Israeli "peace process."
3. In the
local congregation, patriarchy (indeed, all "archy") is shunned. God has no gender, and neither husband nor wife has a dominant role in the
marriage. The congregation has no pastor; they just work by consultation -- a beautiful fit with our cultural enthusiasm for shared governance,
enablement, facilitation and group ownership.
4. Religion must defer to science. Embarrassed by creationists? The Bahai's are for you.
As one Baha'i divine put it, "If religious beliefs and opinions are found contrary to the standards of science, they are mere superstitions and
5. The afterlife isn't particularly frightening. Baha'is don't say much about the hereafter. Heaven is some sort of
spiritual progression in close proximity to God. Hell is remoteness from God (not a very scary prospect for folks who've worked hard all their
lives at staying remote from God). Universalism and a "wider hope" are pretty popular in America, and Baha'ism makes room for some very wide
6. Good religion does good works. With over a thousand development projects worldwide, Baha'is are a pleasing sight to the lost.
Literacy training, tree planting and other social ministries are so much more fetching than evangelism and prophetic preaching. The Jimmy
Carters, and not the Billy Grahams, get the Nobel Prizes.
7. A New World Order is desirable and possible. Baha'is were pushing for a
League of Nations and a United Nations long before Woodrow Wilson and Franklin Roosevelt got on board. By their account, we need one worldwide
nation, a world language, a world script, world currency and an international police force. If you resent President Bush's unilateralism, his
distance from the Kyoto Accord and the World Court, you may have Baha'i tendencies.
8. Racial diversity is a major goal. Bahai's
encourage interracial marriage, and their youth Diversity Dance Workshop is well known for its convicting "Racism Dance." They perfectly
capture the spirit of a day when Betty Crocker has evolved through eight images from a unambiguously Anglo look in 1936 to an olive-skinned,
computer-morphed young woman of today, as likely Italian as Iranian as Hispanic.
9. The environment is a high priority. The founder said
all men should feel abashed as they walk upon the earth, aware that it is the source of their strength under God. Baha'is were the only
religious non-governmental group to address the plenary session of the Rio Conference in 1992. Many groups, from the Sierra Club to the
Christian Society of the Green Cross, join the Baha'is in opposing such projects as Arctic National Wildlife Refuge drilling.
Traditional sexual morality is essential. The homosexual agenda, abortion advocacy and sexual license hang like albatrosses around the necks of
liberal denominations and the political left, and both groups are having serious difficulties. Because Bahai's avoid all three, they stand on
firmer ground, even though they share some theological perspectives with the National Council of Churches.
If so many Americans are
virtual Baha'is, why aren't there more actual Baha'is? Well, first, their faith needs a public relations makeover, downplaying images of the
founders, what with their fezzes, turbans and long beards. They need to swap the weird name for something like "Consultation of Glory." And it
wouldn't hurt to showcase a celebrity Baha'i or two, the sort of thing the Scientologists do with John Travolta and Tom Cruise.
shouldn't take much. After all, many Americans are already on board. (God help us.)
What better time than Christmas to reassert the
divinity, uniqueness, exclusivity and necessity of Christ, to rehearse the fact that the Jesus in the manger will not share his glory with
Zoroaster, Mohammed or Buddha. Baha'is are sensitive folks in a nation obsessed with sensitivity. Unfortunately, they promote insensitivity to
the plain teaching of the Bible, that Christ is King of Kings and Lord of Lords. Lacking this knowledge, they may have a sensitive Christmas,
but they won't have a merry one.
Coppenger is pastor of Evanston (Ill.) Baptist Church. For more reflections by Coppenger, log on
to www.listten.com or www.evanstonbaptistchurch.org.
©Copyright 2002, Southern Baptist Convention, Baptist Press (Nashville, TN, USA)