The Dawn-Breakers Study Outline
6) Jump to the actual Chapters of The Dawn-Breakers:Intro.1 Intro.2 Preface 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 Epilogue Other Sections
Introduction Preface 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 Epilogue
For other sections, see the Contents page.
The Báb had anticipated His affliction, dispersed His disciples, & waited calmly. His custodians sought to circumvent Khuy whose inhabitants might protest their tyranny, and go through Urúmíyyih. He was ceremoniously received by the prince Malik Qásim Mírzá who treated him with deference & refused any to show Him the least disrespect.
One day when He was going to the public path, the prince wished to test His courage and power and ordered his groom to offer Him a wild horse. The Báb's attendant was afraid of Him being harmed, but the Báb assured and enjoined him to trust in God. The inhabitants of Urúmíyyih who had been informed of the prince's intentions, gathered to watch Him. When the horse was brought to Him, He quietly approached it, took its bridle, gently caressed it and placed His foot in the stirrup. The horse stood still and silent as if conscious of His power. The onlookers considered this little short of a miracle, rushed to kiss his stirrups, and were restrained by the prince's attendants who wished to protect Him. He dismissed all but the prince's private attendant and Siyyid Hasan who waited on Him and was escorted back by the prince.
The people rushed to take away to the last drop His ablutions water. The Báb noted the tradition of the Imám 'Alí referring to ÁdhirBáyján and the lake of Urúmíyyih which would boil over and inundate the town. He also observed when He was informed of the majority of the town proclaiming their faith a verse from the Qur'án indicating their faith must be tested. When news of His sentence reached them, only a handful persevered in their allegiance to Him. Mullá Imám-Vardí whose tenacious faith could not be surpassed except by Mullá Jalíl-i-Urúmí (a Letter). He later attained Bahá'u'lláh's presence, recognized Him, and earnestly strove to promote the Báb's Cause until his death at 80. Bahá'u'lláh praised him & his family in numerous Tablets.
News of the Báb's wonders spread through Tihrán, leading the clergy to renew their attacks, based on the fear of the extinction of their authority and the jealousy at the loyalty He had evoked.
(312) Tabríz was particularly inflamed. All except the ecclesiastics gratefully hailed His return so that the authorities placed Him outside the city gates. Only those He desired could meet Him while all others were refused.
On the 2nd night of His arrival, He summoned 'Azím, proclaimed Himself the Qá'im, and after finding him reluctant, promised to declare His Mission the next day in the presence of the heir to the throne (Valí-'Ahd), the 'ulamás, & notables, and asserted that if any chose another testimony besides His Word, he should seek the Qá'im of his idle fancy.
'Azím was restless until sunrise, found himself transformed, and felt required to accept the Báb wholeheartedly if he were to be faithful to Muhammad. He begged His forgiveness. The Báb responded that even 'Azím (Great) felt compelled by its claim and assured him that he would fortify the waverer's certitude and become so strong in faith that an enemy wishing to lessen his love by tearing him apart would fail. He no longer felt any fear.
His detention outside Tabríz didn't allay the city's excitement but aggravated it. The Vazír summoned the ecclesiastics to the governor's residence to arraign Him and extinguish His influence. Hájí Mullá Mahmúd (Nizámu'l-'Ulamá, the tutor of Valí-'Ahd), Násiri'd-Dín Mírzá (Valí-'Ahd), Mullá Muhammad-i- Mámáqání, Mírzá 'Alí-Asghar (Shaykhu'l-Islám), Mírzá Ahmad (Imám- Jum'ih), & other shaykhís & doctors attended.
The Nizámu'l-'Ulamá' had the presidency of the meeting and called an officer to bring in the Báb at the beginning. The masses had impatiently crowded in to see Him, requiring that a passage be forced for him to pass through the crowd at the gate. The Báb greeted the assembly and walked to the one vacant seat, reserved for the Valí-'Ahd. His majesty was overpowering, causing a deep silence until the Nizámu'l-'Ulamá asked Him Who He was & what His claim was. The Báb declared Himself the promised One Who had they had been calling upon for 1000 years & stated that the peoples of East & West were to obey Him.
Mullá Muhammad-i-Mámáqání (the one-eyed, white-bearded disciple of Siyyid Kázim that Shaykh Hasan-i-Zunúzí recalled after he heard the conversation out in the hall had been tearfully pitied & condemned by Siyyid Kázim who foresaw his future behavior), seated to the left of the Valí-'Ahd (the Báb was in a seat between them), broke the silent confusion and agitation & criticized the Báb as a wretched & immature lad and questioned whether He wished to cause a turmoil in Ádhirbáyján as He had 'Iráq. The Báb replied He had not been brought there by His own accord. Mullá Muhammad told Him to hold His peace and called Him a contemptilbe follower of Satan, to which the Báb stated that He maintained His claim.
The Nizámu'l-'Ulamá challenged Him openly by stating that such a stupendous claim required incontrovertible evidence. The Báb replied that the mightiest proofs was His Word, as testified in the Qur'án, & that He could reveal the the Qur'án's equivalent in 2 days & 2 nights. The Nizámu'l-'Ulámá requested the Báb describe the gathering's proceedings orally in language resembling the Qur'án in order to demonstrate His claim. The Báb agreed, started in praise of God, & was interrupted by Mullá Muhammad who criticized His grammar violation. The Báb pleaded that the Qur'án didn't follow grammar, that the grammar rules have been deduced from the Word itself, & that the Qur'án itself had over 300 errors, forcing its discovers to resign to His will.
The Báb repeated His words, was objected to again, and another asked to which tense the word Ishtartanna belonged. The Báb quoted the Qur'ánic verse that the glory of the Lord was far from what the people impute to Him, then left the gathering. The Nizámu'l-'Ulamá' and others later expressed displeasure at their irrelevant questions though Mullá Muhammad persisted & warned that the Báb would continue to gain allegiance until they themselves might be expelled by Him from the city.
(320) Mullá Muhammad's persistent attacks induced the authorities to call Him to consider holding a similar gathering & punish Him for taking the Valí-'Ahd's seat & not obtaining consent from the chairman to leave but Násiri'd-Dín Mírzá refused this.
Instead He was to be brought to Mírzá 'Alí-Asghar's home (the Shaykhu'l-Islám of Tabríz) and struck by the governor's body-guard. The body-guard refused to interfere in matters of the 'ulamás, so the Shaykhu'l-Islám decided to himself, applying rods 11 times to His feet after summoning Him to his home.
Within the year this tyrant was paralyzed, endured great pain, and died miserably. All were reminded by his death of the punishment awaiting the cruel. He had been so cruel to his people that the position of Shaykhu'l-Islám was itself abolished & scorned in Tabríz.
The Báb suffered other such villainous conduct despite the Prophet and Imám's prophecy that if a Youth from Baní-Háshim were to manifest a new Book & laws, all should embrace His Cause. The people instead followed their leaders despite the warning that most of His enemies were to be the 'ulamás.
On footnote 1, p.320 Dr. Cormick's account is recorded where He describes how upon meeting Him He did not answer any questions put to Him by 2 Persian doctors deciding to determine His sanity, but He intently regarded him upon saying that he was not a Musulman and might consider adopting His religion. He replied He had no doubt all of Europe would be won over to His faith. Upon being struck (intentionally?) in the face when He was to be bastinadoed, Dr. Cormick was requested by Him but they had no chance to talk further. Dr. Cormick praised His features, spoke of His speaking with Armenian carpenters reading the Bible & praised its lack of fanaticism and suppression of women.
(322) He was returned to Yahyá Khán's keeping. Although the dignitaries hoped that their meeting would induce Him to abandon His Mission, it enabled Him to proclaim, defend, & distinguish His claim as well as spread its fame, stir its disciples, and foretell future happenings.
The Báb wrote a denunciation of the Vazír's character and action, naming its opening passages the Qahríyyih (Sermon of Wrath), and proclaiming his disbelief in an epistle forwarded to Hujjat to deliver personally to the Vazír.
Bahá'u'lláh related to Nabíl that Mullá Muhammad-'Alíy-i-Zanjání, after delivering the Tablet, visited Him. He was with Mírzá Masíh-i-Núrí & other believers and he recited the text to them by memory and related the incidents of its delivery. Bahá'u'lláh's reference idicated how pleased He was with his noble and pure life, his courage, will, unworldliness & constancy.
The Declaration of the Báb's Mission
(Condensed Summary of Chapter 18)
Cross-References for Chapter 18