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from the chronology

date event locations tags see also
1844. 23 May The birth of `Abdu'l-Bahá in a rented house near the Shimrán Gate in Tihrán. He was born at midnight. [AB9, SoG3-4]
  • He is known as `Abbás Effendi outside the Bahá'í community.
  • Bahá'u'lláh gives Him the titles Ghusn-i-A`zam (the Most Great Branch), Sirru'lláh (Mystery of God) and Áqá (the Master). [BBD2, 19, 87, 89]
  • Sarkár-i-Áqá (the Honourable Master) is a title of `Abdu'l-Bahá. [BBD201]
  • He Himself chose the title `Abdu'l-Bahá (Servant of Bahá) after the passing of Bahá'u'lláh. [BBD2]
Tihrán; Tehran; Iran `Abdu'l-Baha; `Abbas Effendi; Baha'i; Baha'u'llah; Ghusn-i-A`zam; Most Great Branch; Sirru'llah; Mystery God; Áqa; Master; Sarkar-i-Áqa
1846 The birth of Bahíyyih Khánum, the Greatest Holy Leaf, eldest daughter of Bahá'u'lláh and Navváb, and sister of `Abdu'l-Bahá, in Tihrán. She is later designated by Shoghi Effendi `the outstanding heroine of the Bahá'í Dispensation'. [BBD42; GPB108]
  • For a description of her nature see BK42–3.
Many Bábís go to Shíráz and meet the Báb. [B 103]

Táhirih is sent back to Baghdád from Karbalá. She is lodged first in the house of Shaykh Muhammad Shíbl and then in the house of the Muftí of Baghdád. During her time in Iraq she enlists a considerable number of followers and makes a number of enemies among the clergy [B162; DB271]

Tihrán; Tehran; Shíráz; Iran; Baghdád; Karbalá; Iraq Bahiyyih Khanum; Greatest Holy Leaf; daughter Baha'u'llah; Navvab; sister `Abdu'l-Baha; Shoghi Effendi; Baha'i Dispensation; Babi; Bab; Tahirih; Shaykh Muhammad Shibl; Mufti Baghdad
1847. c. May Birth of Fátimih (Munírih) Khánum, wife of `Abdu'l-Bahá, in Isfahán.
  • See MH96 for information on Munírih, future wife of `Abdu'l-Bahá.
  • See CH84 for her account of a dream she had as a young child.
  • She was first cousin to the King of Martyrs and the Beloved of Martyrs. [CH86]
Isfahán; Iran; Persia Fatimih Khanum; Munirih; wife; `Abdu'l-Baha
1871. 1 Nov Birth of `Lua' Getsinger (Lucinda Louisa Aurora Moore), Disciple of `Abdu'l-Bahá, Herald of the Covenant and Mother Teacher of the West. `Lua' Getsinger (Lucinda Louisa Aurora Moore); Disciple of `Abdu'l-Baha; Herald of the Covenant; Mother Teacher of the West
1873. 12 Apr Birth of Hippolyte Dreyfus, the first French Bahá'í, in Paris. Named by Shoghi Effendi a Disciple of `Abdu'l-Bahá. Paris Hippolyte Dreyfus; Disciple of `Abdu'l-Baha
1883. 15 Apr Birth in Goslar, Germany, of Dr Artur Eduard Heinrich Brauns, a prominent German Bahá'í, named by Shoghi Effendi a Disciple of `Abdu'l-Bahá. Goslar; Germany Dr Artur Eduard Heinrich Brauns; Disciple of `Abdu'l-Baha
1901 Aug `Abdu'l-Bahá writes His Will and Testament over this seven-year period. [AB124–5, 484; BBD236]
  • It is written in three parts. [AB124–5, 484; BBD236]
  • It `may be regarded as the offspring resulting from that mystic intercourse between Him Who had generated the forces of a God-given Faith and the One Who had been made its sole Interpreter and was recognized as its perfect Exemplar'. [GPB325]
  • For an analysis of its content and its import see AB484–93 and GPB325–8.
`Akká Will and Testament of `Abdu'l-Baha
1902 Joseph Hannen, future Disciple of `Abdu'l-Bahá, and Pauline Hannen become Bahá'ís in Washington DC. Washington; DC Joseph Hannen; Disciple of `Abdu'l-Baha; Pauline Hannen
1907 `Abdu'l-Bahá starts to move His family to the house that He has designed and built in the German colony at the foot of Mount Carmel in Haifa. [BBD107; DH145]
  • Laura Clifford Barney helped to purchase the land for the house and to pay for its construction. [DH145]
  • Some members of the family occupy it as early as February 1907, if not before. [DH145; GBF56]
Haifa; house of `Abdu'l-Baha; Laura Clifford Barney
1908 `Abdu'l-Bahá's house in Haifa is completed. [BBD 107] Haifa `Abdu'l-Baha's house in Haifa
1909 Oct `Abdu'l-Bahá gradually moves His family from `Akká to Haifa. [DH214] Haifa House of `Abdu'l-Baha
1910 Aug Having moved all His family to Haifa, `Abdu'l-Bahá Himself moves from the House of `Abdu'lláh Páshá to His new home at 7 Haparsim (Persian) Street, Haifa. [BBD13, 107; DH145] Haifa House of `Abdu'l-Baha
1911 11 Aug The beginning of `Abdu'l-Bahá's first Western tour. [AB139]
  • `Abdu'l-Bahá departs from Egypt with a party of four on the S. S. Corsica for Marseilles, Thonon-les-Bains and London. [AB139; GPB280; SBR22]
  • Subsequent research has shown that the ship was not the S.S. Corsica as stated in GPB280 but rather the L'Orenoque. See 'Abdu'l-Bahá in Paris page 6 note 47.
  • See BW1:130 for a list of cities He visits between 1911 and 1913.
Egypt; Marseilles; Thonon-les-Bains; London S. S. Corsica; First Western tour by `Abdu'l-Baha'
1911 Star of the West volumes chronicle both the first and second Western journeys of `Abdu'l-Bahá. Star of the West; First Western tour by `Abdu'l-Baha'
1911 22 Aug - 3 Sep `Abdu'l-Bahá stops briefly at Thonon-les-Bains on Lake Leman. [AB140; GPB280; SBR219]
  • While there He encountered Zillu's-Sultán, the eldest son of the Sháh of the time, Násirid-Dín Sháh. It was he who had ratified the execution of the King of Martyrs and the Beloved of Martyrs and at least 100 others. The whole family was in exile in Geneva at the time. 'Abdu'l-Bahá was very courteous to this man who had been such an enemy of the Cause. [DJT172] .
  • The Master sent for Juliet Thompson who had been waiting in London for His permission to join Him.
  • During His stay he had a visit from Annie Boylan, a member of the New York community that was experiencing disharmony. Unaware of Bahá'í election procedures, a group that was unhappy with the disunity and ineffectiveness of the Council had organized a vote to be rid of several of its Council members. 'Abdu'l-Bahá had written to the community a short time before recommending that the Council be expanded from 9 to 27 members so that all factions could be represented. He also recommended that women be included on the Council and that the name be changed to "the Spiritual Assembly of the Bahá'ís of New York". This apparently addressed the problem of disunity because the New York community went on to contribute significantly to the progress of the Faith on a national level. [DJT181, BFA2p338]
  • Horace Holley, who lived at Quattro Torri, Siena, Italy at the time, along with his wife Bertha Herbert and baby daughter Hertha, visited 'Abdu'l-Bahá on the 29th and 30th of August. Please see his Religion for Mankind p 232-237 for a pen portrait of 'Abdu'l-Bahá.
  • He met with Elizabeth Stewart and Lilian Kappes who were on their way to Tehran. [find reference]
  • It would appear that He returned to Marseilles and travelled to London by sea. [SCU22-23]
Thonon-les-Bains; Lake Leman; Siena; Italy First Western tour by `Abdu'l-Baha'; New York Council; Zillu's-Sultan; Juliet Thompson; Annie Boylan; Boilin' Annie; Horace Holley; Bertha Holley; Hertha Holley; Elizabeth Stewart; Lilian Kappes
1911 4 Sep `Abdu'l-Bahá arrives in London accompanied by His secretary, Mírzá Mahmúd and Khusraw, His servant. [ABL53, AB140; GBP280; SBR22, 148, BW4p378, In the Footsteps of the Master p.5]
  • CH149 says He arrived 8 September and 3 September as per the UK Bahá'í site.
  • Those Bahá'ís who assembled to meet him were listed as: Lady Blomfield (in whose home at 97 Cadogan Gardens He stayed), Mrs Thornburg-Cropper, Miss Ethel Rosenberg, Miss Gamble, Miss Herrick, Mrs Scaramucci, Miss Elsie Lee, Mr Catanach, Mr Cuthbert, Mr and Mrs Jenner, Miss Yandell, Miss Julia Culver, Mrs Stannard, Mr and Mrs Eric Hammond, The Rev Harrold Johnston, The Rev Cooper Hunt, Miss Juliet Thompson, Mrs Louise Waite, Mrs Movius, Mrs Claudia Coles, Mr Mountfort Mills, Mr Mason Remey and Miss Drake Wright. Mr and Mrs Dreyfus-Barney provided translation. In addition there were a number of Persians who took the opportunity to meet Him. [BW4p377]
  • As described by Lady Blomfield those who came to see him were: "Ministers and missionaries, Oriental scholars and occult students practical men of affairs and mystics, Anglican-Catholics and Nonconformists, Theosophists and Hindus, Christian Scientists and doctors of medicine, Muslims, Buddhists, and Zoroastrians. There also called: politicians, Salvation Army soldiers, and other workers for human good, women suffragists, journalists, writers, poets and healers dress-makers and great ladies, artists and artisans, poor workless people and prosperous merchants, members of the dramatic and musical world, these all came; and none were too lowly nor too great to receive the sympathetic consideration of this holy Messenger, who was ever giving His life for others' good." In addition there was a representation from the Bramo-Somaj Society, a Hindu reform group. [CH150-152]
  • See BW4p377 where Lady Blomfield reports that Prince Jalalu'd-Dawlih entreated to be received by 'Abdu'l-Bahá and when in His presence fell prostrate and implored pardon for his crimes. (see 1891 19 May) [BW4p377]
  • Among the list of visitors were: Professor Edward Granville Browne, Mr Tudor-Pole, Emmeline Pankhurst, a British political activist and leader of the British suffragette movement who helped women win the right to vote. [BW4p377]
  • See BW4p381 for the story of a homeless, suicidal man who had seen a picture of 'Abdu'l-Bahá in a newspaper in a shop window.
  • See BW4p382-383 for the story of the persistent journalist who imposed upon the appointment of two ladies from Scotland who had journeyed all that day and intended to make the return voyage that same evening.
  • For details of His stay in England see AB140–58 and GPB283–5.
  • It is implied that 'Abdu'l-Bahá was attended by Dr Lutfu-lláh Hakím while in London. [BW4p380]
  • During His stay in London 'Abdu'l-Bahá received death threats by anonymous letter and he was advised to give up He planned journey to Egypt. He ignored them. [BW4p 387]
  • During His stay in London He has professional photographs of Himself taken. "...to have a picture of oneself is to emphasise the personality, which is merely the lamp, and is quite unimportant. The light burning with the lamp has the only real significance." [SBR25, BW4p383-384]
London First Western tour by `Abdu'l-Baha'; Mrs Thornburg-Cropper; Miss Ethel Rosenberg; Miss Gamble; Miss Herrick; Mrs Scaramucci; Miss Elsie Lee; Mr Catanach; Mr Cuthbert; Mr and Mrs Jenner; Miss Yandell; Miss Julia Culver; Mrs Stannard; Mr and Mrs Eric Hammond; The Rev Harrold Johnston; The Rev Cooper Hunt; Miss Juliet Thompson; Mrs Louise Waite; Mrs Movius; Mrs Claudia Coles; Mr Mountfort Mills; Mr Mason Reme; Miss Drake Wright. Mr and Mrs Dreyfus-Barney; Jalalu'd-Din-Dawlih; Mirza Mahmud; Khusraw; Professor Edward Granville Browne; Mr Tudor-Pole; Emmeline Pankhurst
1911 5 Sep ‘Abdu’l-Bahá was interviewed by the editor of The Christian Commonwealth, Mr Albert Dawson, and later met with the Rev R. J. Campbell. The Christian Commonwealth was a weekly newspaper. On 13 September it printed, on its front cover, an article which included the interview between ‘Abdu’l-Bahá and Rev R. J. Campbell that had taken place on 5 September. The following week the front cover had another article, entitled ‘The Vanishing of the Veil’, about ‘Abdu’lBahá’s visit to St John’s, Westminster. Other issues also had substantial articles about His visits. [In the Footsteps of the Master p.7] London First Western tour by `Abdu'l-Baha'; Albert Dawson; Rev R J Campbell; The Christian Commonwealth
1911. 8 Sep 'Abdu’l-Bahá visited the home of Miss Ethel Jenner Rosenberg for a Unity meeting at White Lodge, 8 Sunnyside, Wimbledon (since demolished). [ABL44-45, In the Footsteps of the Master p.9] London; First Western tour by `Abdu'l-Baha; Miss E J Rosenberg
1911 9 Sep ‘Abdu’l-Bahá visited the home of Mrs Thornburgh-Cropper at 31 Evelyn Mansions, Carlisle Place, Victoria.

In the afternoon ‘Abdu’l-Bahá visited the home of Miss Anett Schepel and Miss Alice Buckton, Vanners, Byfleet, Surrey (since demolished), some 20 miles out of London. He spoke with a number of working women from the Passmore Edwards' Settlement who were visiting while on holidays. (The Passmore Edwards' Settlement began in 1890 as one of the first “settlements” run by socially-conscious middle-class educators for the benefit of local working people and their children.)

Alice Mary Buckton (1867-1944) wrote many plays and poems. Her play Eager Heart was seen by ‘Abdu’l-Bahá on His second visit to England. She became a member of the Froebelian Society which was formed to reform educational methods. She persuaded Anett Schepel who had worked at Pestalozzi-Froebel Haus in Germany to move to England and together they worked to improve child education, opening a school in St John’s Wood. [ABL85-86, In the Footsteps of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá p9-10]

Byfleet; Passmore Edwards' Settlement; First Western tour by `Abdu'l-Baha'; Anett Schepel; Alice Buckton
1911 10 Sep `Abdu'l-Bahá gives His first public address in the West in the City Temple Church in Holborn, London to an audience of over 2,000 people. He proclaimed that “This is a new cycle of human power…the gift of God in this enlightened age is the knowledge of the oneness of mankind and the fundamental oneness of religion.” [ABL17-20, AB140; BW2:227; GPB283–4, In the Footsteps of 'Abdu'l-Bahá p11]
  • He spoke at the invitation of The Reverend R J Campbell. Mr.Wellesly Tudor-Pole read the translation. [CH154]
    • For the text of His talk see AB140–2.
    • For the words He wrote in the pulpit Bible see AB145. The church was bombed in World War II and the pulpit Bible was destroyed. The church was rebuilt in 1958.
    • For a photo see BWNS792.
  • London City Temple; public address; First Western tour by `Abdu'l-Baha'
    1911 13 Sep Mrs Thornburgh-Cropper gave a reception for ‘Abdu’l-Bahá at her home 31 Evelyn Mansions, Carlisle Place, Victoria for about 45 people. [ABS46-47, In the Footsteps of 'Abdu'l-Bahá p12]
    • Note: Star of the West Vol. II No. 11, records this meeting as having taken place on 12th September.
    London First Western tour by `Abdu'l-Baha'; Mrs Thornburg-Cropper
    1911 17 Sep `Abdu'l-Bahá addresses the congregation of St John's, Westminster, His second address to a Western audience. He also met with members of the Salvation Army who were singing outside. [ABL21-25, AB145; SBR8, In the Footsteps of 'Abdu'l-Bahá p13]
    • For text of His talk see AB147–8.
    • He spoke at the invitation of Archdeacon of Westminster, Albert Wilberforce, grandson of famed abolitionist William Wilberforce. The invitation had been extended to Him during a private audience in the home of lady Blomfield. [CH153-154]
    • 'Abdu'l-Bahá sent an invitation to the Archdeacon asking him to meet with Him. He turned Him down with a message, "We are all one behind the veil." 'Abdu'l-Bahá replied, "...and the veil is thinning quite." When Wilberforce met with 'Abdu'l-Bahá he found that there was no separation between them. [Ahmad Sohrab's Diary - The Great Tour p99]
    • See also Star of the West Vol. II No. 12, p. 12.
    London St John's; Westminster; First Western tour by `Abdu'l-Baha'
    1911. 22 Sep ‘Abdu’l-Bahá visited the home of Misses Marion Jack and Elizabeth Herrick, at 10 Cheniston Gardens, Wright's Lane (sometimes given as 137a High Street, Kensington. About 80 people were present. [ABL48-49, In the Footsteps of 'Abdu'l-Bahá p14]
    • The talk was stenographically recorded and published as Discourse by 'Abdu'l-Bahá at the Unity Meeting of Misses Jack and Herrick. September 22nd, 1911. For full text see NBAD233-234.
    London First Western tour by `Abdu'l-Baha'; Elizabeth Herrrick; Marion Jack
    1911 28 Sep 'Abdu'l-Bahá visited Byfleet for a second time by motorcar. He stayed the night and returned the evening of the next day. [ABL86, 99, In the Footsteps of 'Abdu'l-Bahá p.17]
    • Mrs Thornburgh Cropper had place her motorcar at His service. She and Ethel Rosenberg who had visited Him in 'Akká were lovingly attentive to Him. [BW4p384]
    Byfleet; First Western tour by `Abdu'l-Baha'
    1911 29 Sep A farewell reception was given for 'Abdu'l-Bahá in the hall of the Passmore Edwards' Settlement in Tavistock Place. It was attended by a capacity crowd of some 460 people. [ABL31-39, In the Footsteps of 'Abdu'l-Bahá p.18] Byfleet; Passmore Edwards' Settlement; First Western tour by `Abdu'l-Baha'
    1911 30 Sep `Abdu'l-Bahá addresses the Theosophical Society in London, His last talk in England on this visit. He met the Theosophical society at their new Headquarters at the express request of their president Mrs. Annie Besant. After a general history of the movement and sympathetic words of welcome by Mr. A. P. Sinnett, ‘Abdu’l-Bahá rose and delivered to the crowded assembly an address upon the distinctive notes of the Bahá’í teaching, warmly commending the eagerness of the Society in its search for Truth. [ABL26-30, 58 AB152, In the Footsteps of 'Abdu'l-Bahá p.19] London Theosophical Society; First Western tour by `Abdu'l-Baha'; Annie Besant
    1911 1 Oct A young Persian couple asked 'Abdu'l-Bahá to marry them. The union was blessed at the Higher Thought Centre, 10 Cheniston Gardens, Kensington. The bride, Regina Núr Mahal Khánum, had travelled from Baghdad to meet and marry her bridegroom, Mírzá Yuhanna Dáwud. [AB:77, In the Footsteps of 'Abdu'l-Bahá p.20] London First Western tour by `Abdu'l-Baha'
    1911 2 Oct Abdu’l-Bahá breakfasted with the Lord Mayor of London at the Mansion House, City of London. The Lord Major of London at the time of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s visit was Sir Thomas Vezey Strong (1858- 1920). He was a teetotaler and a temperance advocate. He traded in paper and was the holder of a number of honours. [In the Footsteps of 'Abdu'l-Bahá p.20] London First Western tour by `Abdu'l-Baha; Mayor of London; Thomas Vezey Strong
    1911 3 Oct `Abdu'l-Bahá leaves London for Paris. [AB154; SBR25, In the Footsteps of 'Abdu'l-Bahá p22]
    • See ABL113 for details of His last day in London. He left from Victoria Station.
    • He was accompanied by many Bahá'ís from England who attended many of the public meeting at which He spoke in Paris. This group included Marion Jack. [NBAD47]
    • He remains in Paris for nine weeks. [AB159; GPB280]
    • For details of His visit see AB159–68.
    • For `Abdu'l-Bahá's talks given in Paris see PT.
    London; Paris First Western tour by `Abdu'l-Baha'; Marion Jack
    1911 15 Oct In the morning 'Abdu'l-Bahá gives a talk at His apartment at #4 Avenue de Camoens. During the talk Muhammad Qazvíní and Siyyid Hasan Taqízásih entered the room. The former had written an introduction for and was the force behind the publication of Kitáb-i-Nuqtatu'l-Káf, a book that supposedly was an early history of the Faith but in reality was heavily biased to the the views of Mírzá Yahya. 'Abdu'l-Bahá had had Mírzá Abdu'l-Fadl write a refutation. Both men had additional dinner engagements with 'Abdu'l-Bahá during His visit. ['Abdu'l- Bahá's Meetings with Two Prominent Iranians, World Order, Fall 1998 Vol 30, no 1 pp35-46]

    In the afternoon all are invited to meet Him at #22 rue Seeden Rollin pre Saint Germais-sur-Seine outside the walls of Paris. For an account of this event see Glimpses of Abdul'Bahá in Paris by Alice Beede.

    Paris First Western tour by `Abdu'l-Baha'; Alice Beede; Muhammad Qazvini; Siyyid Hasan Taqizasih; Kitab-i-Nuqtatu'l-Kaf
    1911 10 Nov `Abdu'l-Bahá gives a talk later entitled "The Evolution of the Spirit" at 15 Rue Greuze, Paris. [Paris Talks p88-94] Paris First Western tour by `Abdu'l-Baha'
    1911 2 Dec `Abdu'l-Bahá leaves Paris and returns to Egypt where He takes up residence in Rameh again. He passed the winter here and then embarked on His Second Western tour in March of 1912. [AB167; GPB280; SBR25] Egypt; Paris First Western tour by `Abdu'l-Baha'
    1912 25 Mar-17 Jun 1913 `Abdu'l-Bahá's second Western tour begins. `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 25 Mar `Abdu'l-Bahá sails from Alexandria on the S.S. Cedric to New York via Naples. [AB171; CWB281]
    • `Abdu'l-Bahá prefers the slower S.S. Cedric to the Titanic, about to make her maiden voyage. [AB171]
    Alexandria S.S. Cedric; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 29 Mar The S.S. Cedric stops at Naples.
    • Shoghi Effendi is taken off the ship owing to an eye infection. [AB171–2]
    Naples `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Shoghi Effendi
    1912 30 Mar The S .S. Cedric leaves Naples for New York. [BHC93] Naples; New York; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 11 Apr `Abdu'l-Bahá arrives in New York. [AB172; GPB281, APD3-5]
    • During His tour `Abdu'l-Bahá visits 32 cities and makes numerous addresses of which 185 are recorded. [SBBH1:110]
    • For a chronological list of talks given by `Abdu'l-Bahá while in North America see PUP473–8.
    • For details of His journey see AB171–339.
    • Ward, 239 Days; Balyuzi, `Abdu'l-Bahá; The Diary of Juliet Thompson; many editions of Star of the West and numerous biographies of Bahá'ís of the time as well as other books carry information about `Abdu'l-Bahá travels and talks.
    • Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Edward B. Kinney, 780 West End Avenue, New York. [PUP3]
    • He was accompanied by:

      -Sayyid Asadu'lláh Qumí,

      -Dr Fareed Amin Ullah, He was a nephew of 'Abdu'l-Bahá and served as his translator during His tour of the West. Because of his disobedience he and his father were both expelled from the Faith.

      -Mírza Mahmúd-i Zarqání. He was a member of 'Abdu'l-Bahá's entourage for both the Western and European tours. He wrote an account of the travels in a book entitled Kitáb-i Badáyi'u'l-Áthár and called "Mahmúd's Diary" in the English translation. [APD151]

      -Mirza Ahmad Sohrab. He had originally come to the West to assist Mírzá Abú'l-Fadl Gulpaygání in 1901. He remained and worked at the Iranian Consulate until 1912 and during this time he translated much of the correspondence between 'Abdu'l-Bahâ and the Western believers. After the American tour he returned to the Holy Land. After the passing of 'Abdu'l-Bahá he rejected the authority of Shoghi Effendi and was expelled. [APD155]

    New York `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Mr and Mrs Edward B. Kinney; Edward Kinney
    1912 12 Apr Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Howard MacNutt, 935 Eastern Parkway, Brooklyn, New York, [PUP4]
    • Talk at Studio of Miss Phillips, 39 West Sixty-seventh Street, New York. [PUP7]
    New York; Howard McNutt; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Miss Phillips
    1912 13 Apr Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Alexander Morten, 141 East Twenty-first Street, New York [PUP9] New York; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Alexander Morten
    1912 14 Apr `Abdu'l-Bahá speaks from the pulpit of the Church of the Ascension, Fifth Avenue and Tenth Street, New York. [239D:22–3, PUP11]
    • Talk at Union Meeting of Advanced Thought Centers, Carnegie Lyceum, West Fifty-seventh Street, New York. [PUP14]
    New York Church of the Ascension; Advanced Thought Center; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 15 Apr Talk at Home of Mountfort Mills, 327 West End Avenue, New York. [PUP16] New York; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Mountfort Mills
    1912 16 Apr Talk at Hotel Ansonia to Baha’i’ Friends of New Jersey, Broadway and Seventy-third Street, New York. [PUP18] New York; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Hotel Ansonia
    1912 17 Apr Talk at Hotel Ansonia, Broadway and Seventy-third Street, New York. [PUP20] New York; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Ansonia Hotel
    1912 17 Apr Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Edward B. Kinney, 780 West End Avenue, New York, [PUP23] New York; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Edward Kinney
    1912 18 Apr Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Marshall L. Emery, 273 West Ninetieth Street, New York. [PUP25] New York; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Marshall Emery
    1912 19 Apr Talk at Earl Hall, Columbia University, New York. [PUP29]

    'Abdu'l-Bahá visits The Bowery accompanied by Edward Getsinger and Juliet Thompson as noted in her unpublished Diary. They arrived with two heavy bags of quarters to distribute to the poor. [OPOP165-168, PUP32]

    New York; NY Earl Hall; The Bowary; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 20 Apr `Abdu'l-Bahá arrives in Washington DC from New York by train. He is accompanied by Dr Getsinger, Dr Fareed, Mírzá Valiyu'lláh Nakhjavání and Mahmúd-i-Zarqání. [239D:37–8; AB178; SBR78, APD9]
    • Talk at Orient-Occident-Unity Conference, Public Library Hall, Washington, D.C. [PUP35]
    Washington DC; New York; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 21 Apr Talk at Studio Hall, 1219 Connecticut Avenue, Washington, D.C. [PUP37, APD14]

    Talk at Universalist Church, Thirteenth and L Streets, Washington, D.C. [PUP39, APD16]

    Washington; DC `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Studio Hall; Universalist Church
    1912 22 Apr Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Arthur J. Parsons, 1700 Eighteenth Street, NW, Washington, D.C. [PUP43, APD22-24] Washington; DC `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Arthur Parsons; Agnes Parsons
    1912 23 Apr Talk at Howard University, Washington, D.C. [PUP44, APD29]

    Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Arthur J. Parsons, 1700 Eighteenth Street, NW, Washington, D.C. [PUP46]

    Talk to Bethel Literary Society, Metropolitan African Methodist Episcopal Church, M Street, NW, Washington, D.C. [PUP49]

    Washington; DC `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Howard University; Bethel Literary Society; Metropolitan African Methodist Episcopal Church
    1912 25 Apr Talk to Theosophical Society, Home of Mr. and Mrs. Arthur J. Parsons 1700 Eighteenth Street, NW, Washington, D.C. [PUP58]

    Message to Esperantists, Home of Mr. and Mrs. Arthur J. Parsons, 1700 Eighteenth Street, NW, Washington, D.C. [PUP60]

    Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Arthur J. Parsons, 1700 Eighteenth Street, NW, Washington, D.C. [PUP62, APD46-49]

    Washington; DC `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Theosophical Society; Arthur Parsons; Esperantists
    1912 26 Apr 'Abdu'l-Bahá speaks al the (All Souls) Unitarian Church to the Women's Alliance on the subject of equal rights to men and women. Later in the morning He spoke in the home of John J. White and in the evening He addresses a gathering in the Parsons' home on the subject of "Human and Divine Spirit in Man" before leaving for the (Memorial) Continental Hall. (This was perhaps the most prestigious meeting place in Washington, the public meeting hall of the Daughters of the Revolution..) [APD50-53] Washington; DC `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 27 Apr During lunch at the Parsons' home 'Abdu'l-Bahá speaks about the proper method of taxation. [APD53-57]
    • For His discourse on taxation see FWU38-43]

    In the evening there is a grand reception for some 300 people in honour of 'Abdu'l-Bahá on behalf of the Orient-Occident Unity Society. Among the guests and dignitaries are General Adolphus Greely, Admiral Wainwright, a Washington judge, Admiral Peary, a bishop, the chargé d'affaires of Switzerland, a member of Congress, the head of the United States Patent Office, the General Consul, the President of the Peace Congress and others. [MD64-65]

    Washington; DC `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; General Adolphus Greely; Admiral Wainwright; Admiral Peary; Agnes Parsons
    1912 28 Apr `Abdu'l-Bahá give private interviews in the morning then calls on the Turkish Ambassador. [APD56-59]

    `Abdu'l-Bahá leaves Washington for Chicago. [239D:46; AB184; SBR81]

    `Abdu'l-Bahá arrives in Chicago. [239D:47]

    Washington; DC; Chicago `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 30 Apr Talk at Public Meeting Concluding Convention of Bahá’í Temple Unity, Drill Hall, Masonic Temple, Chicago, Illinois. [PUP65,]

    Talk at Hull House, Chicago, Illinois. Hull House was a community centre, one of the earliest in Chicago, founded by the National American Woman Suffrage Association [PUP67, MD70]

    Talk at Fourth Annual Conference of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, Handel Hall, Chicago, Illinois. [PUP69, MD71]

    Chicago; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Public Meeting Concluding Convention of Baha’i Temple Unity; Hull House; National Association for the Advancement of Colored People; Handel Hall; NAACP; National American Woman Suffrage Association
    1912 1 May `Abdu'l-Bahá lays the cornerstone of the Mashriqu'l-Adhkár in Wilmette. [239D:51; AB186; GPB288, 349; MBW143]
    • Talk at Dedication of the Mashriqu’l-Adhkár Grounds. [PUP71]
    • The cornerstone has been offered by Mrs Nettie Tobin. [AB186]
    • `Abdu'l-Bahá asks delegates from the various Bahá'í communities and Bahá'ís from different backgrounds each to dig the earth to lay the stone. [AB186–7]
    Wilmette Mashriqu'l-Adhkar; Mrs Nettie Tobin; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 2 May Talk at Hotel Plaza, Chicago, Illinois, [PUP72]

    Talk to Federation of Women’s Clubs, Hotel La Salle, Chicago, Illinois. [PUP74]

    Talk at Bahá’í Women’s Reception, Hotel La Salle, Chicago, Illinois. [PUP77]

    Talk at Hotel Plaza, Chicago, Illinois. [PUP78]

    Talk at Hotel Plaza, Chicago, Illinois. [PUP79]

    Chicago; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Plaza Hotel; Federation of Women's Clubs; Baha'i Women's Reception
    1912 3 May Talk at Hotel Plaza, Chicago, Illinois. [PUP83]

    Talk at Hotel Plaza, Chicago, Illinois. [PUP84]

    Chicago; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Hotel Plaza
    1912 4 May Talk to Theosophical Society, Northwestern University Hall, Evanston, Illinois. [PUP87] Evanston; Illinois; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Theosophical Society; Northwestern University Hall
    1912 6 May `Abdu'l-Bahá leaves Chicago, arriving in Cleveland the same day. [239D:57; AB189]

    Talk at Euclid Hall, Cleveland, Ohio. [PUP101]

    Talk at Sanatorium of Dr. C. M. Swingle, Cleveland, Ohio. [PUP104]

    Chicago; Cleveland `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Euclid Hall; Sanatorium of Dr. C. M. Swingle
    1912 7 May `Abdu'l-Bahá leaves Cleveland for Pittsburgh, arriving the same day. [239D:63; AB189]

    Talk at Hotel Schenley, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The hotel is now the University of Pittsburgh's Student Union building, known as the William Pitt Union. [PUP105, Schenley Hotel]

    Cleveland; Pittsburgh `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Hotel Schenley
    1912 9 May `Abdu'l-Bahá speaks to a capacity gathering at the Parsons' home. He noted that religious ministers in Washington were denouncing Him and the Cause. [APD61-63] Washington; DC `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Agnes Parsons
    1912 10 May `Abdu'l-Bahá's sits for sketches by Mr Theadore Spicer-Simon. See Medallions for pictures of his work.

    In the morning Agnes Parsons takes 'Abdu'l-Bahá to the Capitol then to the Washington Monument where they take the elevator to the top.

    He speaks to a small group in the Parsons' home in the afternoon and at the Studio Hall in the evening. [APD63-66]

    In The Diary of Juliet Thompson p285 it is reported that 'Abdu'l-Bahá had been horrified by the prejudice He observed against Black people in Washington.

    Washington; DC `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Capitol; Washington Monument; Studio Hall; Agnes Parsons
    1912 12 May `Abdu'l-Bahá takes a ferry to New Jersey. He takes a train for Montclair where He addresses the congregation of the Unity Church before returning to New York to speak to the International Peace Forum at the Grace Methodist Episcopal Church West 104th Street, New York. [239D:66; AB191, PUP113, PUP116] Montclair; New Jersey; New York Unity Church; International Peace Forum; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Grace Methodist Episcopal Church
    1912 13 May `Abdu'l-Bahá, very unwell, attends a reception and gives a talk to the New York Peace Society at the Hotel Astor. [239D:67; AB192, PUP123, APD67] New York Hotel Astor; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; New York Peace Society
    1912 14–16 May `Abdu'l-Bahá attends the Conference on International Peace and Arbitration at Lake Mohonk, delivering an address on the first evening. [239D:67–9; AB193] Lake Mohonk; New York Conference on International Peace and Arbitration; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 19 May In the morning He spoke at the Church of the Divine Paternity, Central Park West, New York. [PUP126]

    `Abdu'l-Bahá travels to Jersey City to speak in the Unitarian Church, the Brotherhood Church, Bergen and Fairview Avenues, of which Howard Colby Ives is the pastor. [239D:70–1; AB194, PUP129] ]

    Jersey City; New Jersey; New York; Unitarian Church; Howard Colby Ives; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Church of the Divine Paternity; Brotherhood Church
    1912 20 May Talk at Woman’s Suffrage Meeting, Metropolitan Temple, Seventh Avenue and Fourteenth Street, New York. [PUP133] New York; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Woman’s Suffrage Meeting; Metropolitan Temple
    1912 23 May The Bahá'ís of Cambridge, Massachusetts, celebrate `Abdu'l-Bahá's birthday with a cake bearing 68 candles. `Abdu'l-Bahá addresses the group on the importance of the Báb at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Francis W. Breed, 367 Harvard Street, Cambridge, Massachusetts. [239D:72; AB199, PUP138] Cambridge; Massachusetts Bab; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Francis Breed
    1912 24 May Talk at Free Religious Association, or Unitarian Conference, Boston, Massachusetts. [PUP140] Boston; MA `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Free Religious Association; or Unitarian Conference
    1912 25 May Huntington Chambers, 30 Huntington Ave, Boston, Massachusetts. [PUP143] Boston; MA `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Huntington Chambers
    1912 26 May `Abdu'l-Bahá leaves Boston and returns to New York, arriving in the evening. [239D:73; AB201]

    Talk at Mount Morris Baptist Church, Fifth Avenue and 126th Street, New York. [PUP147]

    Boston; New York `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Morris Baptist Church
    1912 28 May `Abdu'l-Bahá and His party are evicted from their hotel because of the `coming and going of diverse people' and the `additional labours and troubles' caused to the staff. [239D:74]

    Talk at Reception at Metropolitan Temple, Seventh Avenue and Fourteenth Street, New York. [PUP150]

    New York `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Metropolitan Temple
    1912 25 May Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Edward B. Kinney, 780 West End Avenue, New York. [PUP154] New York; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Edward Kinney
    1912 30 May Talk at Theosophical Lodge, Broadway and Seventy-ninth Street, New York. [PUP156] New York; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Theosophical Lodge
    1912 31 May `Abdu'l-Bahá travels to Fanwood, New Jersey. [239D:75; AB207]

    Talk at Town Hall, Fanwood, New Jersey. [PUP161]

    Fanwood; New Jersey `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Fanwood Town Hall
    1912 1 Jun `Abdu'l-Bahá returns to New York. [AB206]
    • He has His first sitting for the portrait painted by Juliet Thompson. [DJT299]
    New York Juliet Thompson; portrait; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 6 Jun Talk at Church of the Ascension, Fifth Avenue and Tenth Street, New York. [PUP163] New York; Church of the Ascension; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 3 Jun `Abdu'l-Bahá travels to Milford, Pennsylvania. [AB208] Milford; Pennsylvania `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 4 Jun `Abdu'l-Bahá returns to New York. [AB208] New York `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 9 Jun Talk at Unitarian Church, Fifteenth Street and Girard Avenue, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. [PUP172]

    Talk at Baptist Temple, Broad and Berks Streets, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. [PUP176]

    PHILADELPHIA Unitarian Church; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Baptist Temple
    1912 11 Jun Talk at Open Committee Meeting, Home of Mr. and Mrs. Edward B. Kinney, 780 West End Avenue, New York. [PUP183]

    Talk at 309 West Seventy-eighth Street, New York. [PUP183]

    Talk at 309 West Seventy-eighth Street, New York. [PUP186]

    New York; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Edward Kinney
    1912 12 Jun Talk at 309 West Seventy-eighth Street, New York. [PUP187] New York; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 15 Jun Talk at 309 West Seventy-eighth Street, New York. [PUP189] New York; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 16 Jun Talk at Fourth Unitarian Church, Beverly Road, Flatbush, Brooklyn, New York. [PUP190]

    Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Howard MacNutt, 935 Eastern Parkway, Brooklyn, New York. [PUP194]

    Talk at Central Congregational Church, Hancock Street, Brooklyn, New York. [PUP197]

    New York; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Fourth Unitarian Church; Howard MacNutt; Central Congregational Church
    1912 17 Jun Talk at 309 West Seventy-eighth Street, New York. [PUP204] New York; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 18 Jun Talk at 309 West Seventy-eighth Street, New York. [PUP205] New York; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 19 Jun `Abdu'l-Bahá names New York the `City of the Covenant'. [239D:93; AB22; BBD55]
    • See 239D:92–3 and DJT311–17 for a description of this event.
    New York City of the Covenant; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 20 Jun Talk at 309 West Seventy-eighth Street, New York. [PUP206] New York; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 21 Jun `Abdu'l-Bahá arrives in Montclair, New Jersey. [239D:97; AB221] Montclair; New Jersey `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 23 Jun Talk at Montclair, New Jersey. [PUP210] Montclair; New Jersey `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 29 Jun `Abdu'l-Bahá hosts a Unity Feast in the Evergreen Cabin at the Wilhelm properties in West Englewood, New Jersey. [239D:102; AB223, PUP213]
    • For pictures of this event see 239D:100–1.
    • Some years later, in 1953, Curtis Kelsey helped to rebuild and enlarge Evergreen Cabin, built on the spot where 'Abdu'l-Baha was host at the first Unity Feast in America. [BW15p470]
    West Englewood; New Jersey Unity Feast; Roy Wilhelm; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Evergreen cabin
    1912 30 Jun `Abdu'l-Bahá returns to New York after visiting Mr Topakyan, the Persian Consul General, in Morristown. [239D:103; AB225–6] New York; Morristown; New Jersey Mr Topakyan; Persian Consul General; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 1 Jul Talk at 309 West Seventy-eighth Street, New York. [PUP216]
    • 'Abdu'l-Bahá spoke on the subject of poverty and the alleviation of the discrepancy between the rich and the poor.
    Talk at 309 West Seventy-eighth Street, New York. [PUP218]
    New York `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; poor; poverty; rich
    1912 5 Jul Talk at 309 West Seventy-eighth Street, New York. [PUP218]

    Talk at 309 West Seventy-eighth Street, New York. [PUP220]

    New York; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 6 Jul Talk at 309 West Seventy-eighth Street, New York. [PUP225] New York; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 14 Jul Talk at All Souls Unitarian Church, Fourth Avenue and Twentieth Street, New York. [PUP228] New York; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; All Souls Unitarian Church
    1912 15 Jul Talk at Home of Dr. and Mrs. Florian Krug, 830 Park Avenue, New York. [PUP236] New York; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Florian Krug
    1912 23 Jul `Abdu'l-Bahá leaves New York, arriving in Boston the same day for His second visit. [239D:117; AB233]

    Talk at Hotel Victoria, corner of Newbury and Dartmouth Sts, Boston, Massachusetts. [PUP238]

    • For an interesting story about Nancy Douglas Bowditch see Wikipedia.
    • Also see The Artist's Daughter: Memoirs, 1890 - 1979 the autobiography of Nancy Douglas Bowditch.
    Boston `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Hotel Victoria
    1912 26 Jul `Abdu'l-Bahá's and His companions took up residence at one of the two Parsons home in Dublin, NH, a resort area. The house in question is named "Day-Spring". [APD7376] Dublin; New Hampshire; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Agnes Parsons
    1912 28 Jul `Abdu'l-Bahá's speaks at the Parsons home. [APD79-80] Dublin; New Hampshire; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 5 Aug Talk at Dublin Inn, Dublin, New Hampshire. [PUP245] Dublin; New Hampshire `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Dublin Inn
    1912 6 Aug Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Arthur J. Parsons, Dublin, New Hampshire. [PUP247] Dublin; New Hampshire; Arthur Parsons; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 16 Aug `Abdu'l-Bahá journeys to Green Acre by car, arriving the same day. [239D:123; AB240]

    Talk at Green Acre, Eliot, Maine. [PUP253]

    • For `Abdu'l-Bahá's activities while in Green Acre see AB240–51.
    • For the story of Fred Mortensen see 239D:126–9 and AB247–51.
    • See also Green Acre on the Piscataqua.
    Green Acre Fred Mortensen; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 17 Aug Talk at Green Acre, Eliot, Maine. [PUP261]

    Talk at Green Acre, Eliot, Maine. [PUP263]

    Talk at Green Acre, Eliot, Maine. [PUP264]

    Talk at Green Acre, Eliot, Maine. [PUP270]

    Eliot; MA; . `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Green Acre
    1912 25 Aug Talk at the New Thought Forum, Metaphysical Club, Boston, Massachusetts. [PUP276] Boston; MA New Thought Forum; Metaphysical Club; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 26 Aug Talk at Franklin Square House, Boston, Massachusetts. [PUP280] Boston; MA Franklin Square House; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 27 Aug Talk at Metaphysical Club, Boston, Massachusetts. [PUP284] Boston; MA `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Metaphysical Club
    1912 29 Aug Talk at Home of Madame Morey, 34 Hillside Avenue, Malden, Massachusetts. [PUP289] Boston; MA Madame Morey; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 30 Aug `Abdu'l-Bahá leaves Malden for Boston. He leaves Boston by train for Montreal, arriving at midnight. [239D:132; AB132; BW8:637]
    • He stays in Montreal for ten days, living for four nights at the Maxwell residence. [239D:132]
    • See also `Abdu'l-Bahá in Canada.
    Boston; Montreal Maxwell residence; Montreal Shrine; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 1 Sep 'Abdu'l-Bahá give a talk at the Church of the Messiah, corner of Simpson and Sherbrooke Sts in Montreal. (Architects: The Maxwell Bros. Built 1907, destroyed by fire 1937) [PUP297]

    Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. William Sutherland Maxwell, 716 Pine Avenue West, (now 1548 avenue des Pins, ouest) Montreal, Canada. [PUP302]

    Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. William Sutherland Maxwell, 716 Pine Avenue West, (now 1548 avenue des Pins, ouest) Montreal, Canada. [PUP306]

    Montreal; QC `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Church of the Messiah; May Maxwell; Sutherland Maxwell
    1912 2 Sep Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. William Sutherland Maxwell, 716 Pine Avenue West, (now 1548 avenue des Pins, ouest) Montreal, Canada. [PUP308] Montreal; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; May Maxwell; Sutherland Maxwell
    1912 5 Sep Talk at St. James Methodist Church, 463 Saint Catherine Street, West, Montreal, Canada. [PUP312] Montreal; St. James Methodist Church; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 9 Sep `Abdu'l-Bahá arrives in Buffalo by train from Montreal. [239D:139; AB265] Montreal; Buffalo `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 12 Sep `Abdu'l-Bahá leaves Buffalo for Chicago, arriving the same day. [239D:142]
    • He stays at the home of Corinne True. [239D:142; AB266]
    Buffalo; Chicago Corinne True; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 15 Sep `Abdu'l-Bahá leaves Chicago for Kenosha, Wisconsin. [239D:145; AB267]
    • He misses His train and tells the Bahá'ís not to be concerned over this, as there is a good reason for it; travelling on the next train they come across the wreckage of the first, which has been in a collision. [239D:145; AB267]
    Chicago; Kenosha; Wisconsin `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 16 Sep Talk at Home of Mrs. Corinne True, 5338 Kenmore Avenue, Chicago, Illinois. [PUP320]

    `Abdu'l-Bahá leaves Chicago for Minneapolis, arriving the same night. [239D:146; AB273]

    Chicago; Minneapolis `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Corinne True
    1912 20 Sep Talk at Home of Mr. Albert L. Hall, 2030 Queen Avenue South, Minneapolis, Minnesota. [PUP325]

    Talk at Home of Dr. and Mrs. Clement Woolson, 870 Laurel Avenue, St. Paul, Minnesota. [PUP329]

    `Abdu'l-Bahá leaves Minneapolis for Omaha, Nebraska, arriving the same night. [239D:20]

    • AB279 says this was 21 September.
    Omaha; Nebraska; Minneapolis; Minnesota `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Albert Hall; Clement Woolson
    1912 21 Sep `Abdu'l-Bahá visits Lincoln, Nebraska, then leaves for Denver. [239D:151] Lincoln; Nebraska; Denver; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 23 Sep `Abdu'l-Bahá arrives in Denver in the afternoon. [239D:152; SoG221-222] Denver `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 24 Sep Talk at Home of Mrs. Roberts Denver, Colorado. [PUP334] Denver; CO Mrs Roberts; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 25 Sep Talk at Second Divine Science Church, 3929 West Thirty-eighth Avenue, Denver, Colorado . [PUP337] Denver; CO `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Second Divine Science Church
    1912 26 Sep `Abdu'l-Bahá leaves Denver and arrives in Glenwood Springs, Colorado. [239D:158] Denver; Glenwood Springs; Colorado `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 27 Sep `Abdu'l-Bahá leaves Glenwood Springs for Salt Lake City. [239D:159] New York City `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 28 Sep `Abdu'l-Bahá arrives in Salt Lake City. [239D:159] Salt Lake City `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 30 Sep Thornton Chase, the first American Bahá'í, Disciple of `Abdu'l-Bahá, passes away in California before 'Abdu'l-Bahá'í and His retinue arrive. He is buried at Inglewood. [BBD71; BFA2:XVII] California Thornton Chase; Disciple of `Abdu'l-Baha; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 1 Oct `Abdu'l-Bahá arrives in San Francisco about midnight. [239D:165; AB286] San Francisco `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 7 Oct Talk to Japanese Young Men’s Christian Association, Japanese Independent Church, 576 Sycamore Street, Oakland, California. [PUP343] Oakland; CA Japanese Young Men’s Christian Association; Japanese Independent Church; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 8 Oct `Abdu'l-Bahá speaks at Leland Stanford Junior University in Palo Alto. [239D:166 AB288, PUP348]
    • There are two thousand in the audience. [AB288]
    Palo Alto Stanford Junior University; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Leland Stanford Junior University
    1912 10 Oct Talk at Open Forum, San Francisco, California [PUP355] San Francisco; CA Open Forum; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 12 Oct Talk at Temple Emmanu-El, 450 Sutter Street, San Francisco, California. [PUP361] San Francisco; CA `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Temple Emmanu-El
    1912 13 or 14 Oct `Abdu'l-Bahá visits Phoebe Hearst at her estate, at her invitation. [239D:168; AB307]
    • She is estranged from the Faith because one or two individuals had tried to extort money from her but her invitation is sincere. AB307–8]
    Hearst estate; California; Phoebe Hearst; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 16 Oct `Abdu'l-Bahá returns to San Francisco. [AB308] San Francisco `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 17 Oct 'Abdu'l-Bahá discovers His signet ring is missing and for the rest of His trip He signs, rather than seal, every Tablet He writes or dictates. [Historical Dictionary of the Bahá'í Faith pg. xxxvii] Oakland `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Signet ring
    1912 18 Oct `Abdu'l-Bahá leaves San Francisco for Los Angeles, arriving the same day. [239D:169; AB309] Los Angeles `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 19 Oct `Abdu'l-Bahá visits the grave of Thornton Chase in Inglewood. [239D:169; AB309]
    • The purpose of His journey to Los Angeles is to visit the grave of Thornton Chase. [AB309]
    Inglewood Thornton Chase; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 21 Oct `Abdu'l-Bahá leaves Los Angeles for San Francisco. [AB310] Los Aneles; San Francisco `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 25 Oct `Abdu'l-Bahá leaves San Francisco for Sacramento, arriving at noon the same day. [239D:171]

    Talk at Hotel Sacramento, Sacramento, California. [PUP370]

    San Francisco; ; Sacramento `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Hotel Sacramento
    1912 26 Oct Talk at Assembly Hall, Hotel Sacramento, Sacramento, California. [PUP376]

    `Abdu'l-Bahá leaves Sacramento for Denver. [239D:172; AB316]

    Sacramento; Denver `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Assembly Hall; Hotel Sacramento
    1912 28 Oct `Abdu'l-Bahá arrives in Denver at midnight. [239D:175; AB316] Denver `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 30 Oct `Abdu'l-Bahá leaves Denver for Chicago. [239D:175] Denver; Chicago `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 31 Oct `Abdu'l-Bahá arrives in Chicago. [239D:176]

    Talk at Hotel Plaza, Chicago, Illinois. [PUP381]

    Chicago `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Hotel Plaza
    1912 1 Nov Talk at Home of Mrs. Corinne True, 5338 Kenmore Avenue, Chicago, Illinois. [PUP383] Chicago; Corrine True; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 4 Nov `Abdu'l-Bahá leaves Chicago and arrives in Cincinnati the same day. [239D:179] Chicago; Cincinnati `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 5 Nov Talk at Grand Hotel, Cincinnati, Ohio. [PUP388]

    `Abdu'l-Bahá leaves Cincinnati for Washington DC. [239D:179]

    Chicago; Washington; DC `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Grand Hotel
    1912 6 Nov `Abdu'l-Bahá arrives in Washington DC. [239D:179]

    Talk at Universalist Church, Thirteenth and L Streets, NW, Washington, D.C. [PUP390]

    Washington DC `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Universalist Church
    1912 7 Nov Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Arthur J. Parsons, 1700 Eighteenth Street, NW, Washington, D. C. [PUP397]

    Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Arthur J. Parsons, 1700 Eighteenth Street, NW, Washington, D. C. [PUP400]

    Washington; DC `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Arthur Parsons
    1912 8 Nov Talk at Eighth Street Temple, Synagogue, Washington, D. C. [PUP411]

    Washington; D. C. `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Eighth Street Temple; Synagogue
    1912 9 Nov Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Arthur J. Parsons, 1700 Eighteenth Street, NW, Washington, D. C .[PUP411]

    Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Arthur J. Parsons, 1700 Eighteenth Street, NW, Washington, D. C .[PUP415]

    Talk at Bahá’í Banquet, Rauscher’s Hall, Washington, D. C. [PUP418]

    Washington; DC `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Arthur Parsons; Rauscher’s Hall
    1912 10 Nov Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Arthur J. Parsons, 1700 Eighteenth Street, NW, Washington, D. C .[PUP421]

    Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Joseph H. Hannen 1252 Eighth Street, NW, Washington, D. C. .[PUP425]

    Talk at 1901 Eighteenth Street, NW, Washington, D. C. [PUP428]

    Washington; DC `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Arthur Parsons; Joseph Hannen
    1912 11 Nov `Abdu'l-Bahá travels to Baltimore by train and arrives at Camden Station at 11AM. He is accompanied by Dr. Ameen Fareed and Mirza Ahmad Sohrab (interpreters), Mirza Mahmud, Mirza 'Ali Akah, Mirza Valiollah Khan, Dr. Zia Bagdadi, and Saya Assadollah [239D:183; AB329]
    • At noon He speaks at the chapel of the Unitarian Church on the unity of religions and the oneness of God. The chapel is packed with Johns Hopkins University faculty members and many local professional men.
    • After the address he shares lunch at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Struven with more than 50 people.
    • He leaves Baltimore about 3PM and on his return to New York He passes through Philadelphia, where He meets the Bahá'ís on the train platform. ['Abdu'l-Bahá in Baltimore by Allison Vaccaro and Edward E. Bartlett]
    Baltimore; Philadelphia `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 12 Nov `Abdu'l-Bahá arrives in New York at 1:00 a.m. [AB329] New York `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 15 Nov Talk at Home of Miss Juliet Thompson, 48 West Tenth Street, New York. [PUP431] New York; Juliet Thompson; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 16 Nov Talk at 309 West Seventy-eighth Street, New York. [PUP437] New York; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 17 Nov Talk at Genealogical Hall, 252 West Fifty-eighth Street, New York. [PUP437] New York; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Genealogical Hall
    1912 18 Nov `Abdu'l-Bahá visits the library of J. Pierpont Morgan and inscribes his album with a blessing for his philanthropy. [239D:186–7]

    Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Frank K. Moxey, 575 Riverside Drive, New York. [PUP422]

    New York J. Pierpont Morgan; J P Morgan; J P Morgan Library; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Frank Moxey
    1912 23 Nov A farewell banquet is held for `Abdu'l-Bahá at the Great Northern Hotel, 118 West Fifty-seventh Street, in New York. [239D:187; AB331, PUP447]
    • The hotel does not allow the black Bahá'ís to attend. [239D:187]
    New York `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Great Northern Hotel
    1912 24 Nov `Abdu'l-Bahá and the white Bahá'ís serve the black Bahá'ís at a dinner at the Kinney's. [239D:187] New York Kinney; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 29 Nov Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Edward B. Kinney, 780 West End Avenue, New York. [PUP449] New York; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Edward Kinney
    1912 2 Dec Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Edward B. Kinney, 780 West End Avenue, New York. [PUP452]

    Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Edward B. Kinney, 780 West End Avenue, New York. [PUP453]

    New York; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Edward Kinney
    1912 3 Dec Talk at Home of Dr. and Mrs. Florian Krug, 830 Park Avenue, New York. [PUP457]

    Talk to Mr. Kinney’s Bible Class, 780 West End Avenue, New York. [PUP458]

    Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Edward B. Kinney, 780 West End Avenue, New York. [PUP460]

    New York; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Forian Drug; Mr. Kinney's Bible Class
    1912 4 Dec `Abdu'l-Bahá addresses His last meeting in North America with a talk to Theosophical Society, 2228 Broadway, New York. [239D:193, PUP462] New York `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Theosophical Society
    1912 5 Dec `Abdu'l-Bahá sails on the S. S. Celtic from New York to Liverpool. [239D:193–4; AB337; GPB281]
    • For `Abdu'l-Bahá's final words to the Bahá'ís, spoken while on board ship, see PUP468.
    • For Ahmad Sohrab's account of the sea crossing see SW3, 16:2.
    New York; Liverpool S. S. Celtic; Ahmad Sohrab; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 Dec-Jun 1913 `Abdu'l-Bahá's second visit to Europe. `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 13 Dec `Abdu'l-Bahá arrives in Liverpool aboard the S. S. Celtic at about 9PM. He is met by dozens of Bahá'ís from Liverpool, Manchester and Leads as well as Hippolyte Drefus-Barney who had come from Paris. [AB343; SBR38, ABTM273-4] Liverpool S. S. Celtic; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 14 Dec 'Abdu'l-Bahá stayed in Liverpool at the Adelphi Hotel. His first talk was to the Theosophical Society. [ABTM274, SoW Vol III No17 9Jan1913 p3] Liverpool `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Adelphi Hotel
    1912 15 Dec 'Abdu'l-Bahá spoke at Pembroke Chapel and was introduced by Rev Donald Fraser. [ABTM275, SoW Vol III No 17 9Jan1913 p4] Liverpool `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 16 Dec 'Abdu'l-Bahá and his entourage departed Liverpool for London by train from the Lime Street Station. When they arrive at Euston Station they are met by a group of about 50 Bahá'ís. He is taken by motorcar to the home of Lady Blomfield at 97 Cadogan Gardens which she again offered to Him during His stay in London. After resting He gave a talk to newspaper reporters and later gave a talk to the gathering of Bahá'ís. [AB343, ABTM276] Liverpool; London `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 17 De A Bahá'í arrived from Ireland to see 'Abdu'l-Bahá, possibly Joan Waring, after travelling all day and all night.
    • He made comments on the character of the American people.
    • In the afternoon He spoke to a large gathering at Caxton Hall in Westminster. [SoW Vol III no 19 2Mar1913 p3-4, ABTM276-277]
    London; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Joan Waring; Caxton Hall
    1912 18 Dec 'Abdu'l-Bahá gives a talk at which E. G. Browne is present. He visits `Abdu'l-Bahá several more times while in London. [SoW Vol III no19 2Mar1913 p4, AB346, ABTM277-278]

    Hájí Abu'l-Hasan-i-Ardakání (Hájí Amín) arrives in London from Paris with three young Persian. He spoke neither English nor French and had had some difficulty in getting from Paris to London. He crossed the English Channel and then found himself back in Paris. His second attempt was successful. [SoW Vol III no19 2Mar1913 p4, AB346–7, ABTM278]

    London E. G. Browne; Haji Abu'l-Hasan-i-Ardakani; Haji Amin; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912 19 Dec Hájí Amín, the Trustee of the Huqúqu'lláh, presented 'Abdu'l-Bahá with a gift from a poor workman in 'Ishqábád. He had nothing monetary to offer so he gave Hájí Amín his mid-day meal, two small loaves of bread and an apple wrapped in a handkerchief. 'Abdu'l-Bahá took the offering tenderly, ate a small piece of the stale bread and gave the rest to be passed around to the rest of the table. [SoW Vol III No 19 2Mar1913 p5, ABTM278] London; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912. 20 Dec 'Abdu'l-Bahá interviewed E. S. (Ethel Stefana) Stevens who had come from Southhampton to meet Him. Three years prior she had spent 3 or 4 months in 'Akka and Haifa gathering material for her book, published in 1911, about the second coming of Christ. [SoW Vol III no 19 2Mar1913 p6] Mountain of God]

    He discussed the question of "spiritual communication" and gave the prerequisites. [SoW Vol III no 19 2Mar1913 p6]

    In the evening He was driven to Westminster for a meeting at the Palace Hotel, His first public talk since returning to London. [SoW Vol III no 19 2Mar1913 p6, [SoW Vol III no 17 19Jan1913 p510]

    London; Westminster `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Ethel Stevens; Mountain of God; Palace Hotel
    1912 21 or 22 Dec 'Abdu'l-Bahá witnessed His first dramatic performance. It was a mystery Christmas play entitled Eager Heart written by Miss Alice Buckton and performed at the Church House, Westminster before an audience of 1,200. [SoW Vol III no 19 2March1913 p 7, CH154, AB34]
    • He is reported to have said, perhaps on another occasion, "The stage will be the pulpit of the future". [Quoted by Loulie Mathews in The Magazine of the Children of the Kingdom, Vol 4, No. 3 (June 1923, p69]
    • Star of the West, Vol. 19 no. 11 Feb1929, p.341 quotes 'Abdu'l-Bahá as saying: "drama is of the utmost importance. It has been a great educational power in the past; it will be so again,". [BW1994-1995p255]
    Westminster Alice Buckton; Eager Heart; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; drama; stage; Church House; Magazine of the Children of the Kingdom
    1912 c. Dec On another occasion He gave an outline for a play to his hostess for the evening, Mrs Gabrielle Enthoven, which He called Drama of the Kingdom. It was put to print by Lady Blomfield's daughter, Mary Basil Hall, approved by the Reviewing Committees for the National Assemblies of both the British Isles and the United States and Canada. It was published in 1933. In 1994 a production based on this outline was premiered in Perth, Australia entitled The Face of Glory: A Musical Rendezvous with the Soul. [CH155-156, Bahá'ís and the Arts: Language of the Heart by Ann Boyles, also published in 1994-95 edition of The Bahá'í World, pp. 243-272] London; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Drama of the Kingdom; Mary Basil Hall; The Face of Glory: A Musical Rendezvous with the Soul; Ann Boyles
    1912 24 Dec `Abdu'l-Bahá received many expensive Christmas gifts; He turned them all away by returning them and asking the donors to sell them and give the money to the poor.

    That evening He visited the Salvation Army Shelter in Westminster. That night there were 1,000 men present. After His talk He departed but not before leaving twenty gold sovereigns and many handfuls of silver with Col Spencer for a similar dinner to be held on New Year's Eve. [ABTM282-283]

    London; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912. 29 Dec In the morning 'Abdu'l-Bahá received a visit fro the Maharajah or Jhalawar. [ABTM283]

    In the afternoon He spoke at the home of Miss Annie Gamble. [SoW Vol. 9 No 2 9Apr1918 p 24]

    In the evening He gave a talk at the King's Weigh House Methodist Church hosted by Rev E W Lewis. [SoW Vol. 4 No 17 19Jan1914 p284-285]

    London `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1912. 30 Dec The 19 Day Feast was held at the home of Mrs Robinson. [AB352] London `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Mrs Robinson
    1912 31 Dec `Abdu'l-Bahá visits Oxford at the invitation of Dr T. K. Cheyne to address a meeting at Manchester College. [BW4p384-385, AB352–354, ABIM284, Journey West 20130210, [Ahmad Sohrab's Diary - The Great Tour p99]
    • For biographical information see a paper by Crawford Howell Toy entitled Thomas Kelly Cheyne.
    • See Hurqalya Publications for a translation by Stephen Lambden of a Tablet to Dr Cheyne as well as the address to Manchester College.
    • After the visit of 'Abdu'l-Bahá the elderly and infirmed professor, who was unable to walk and had difficulty speaking, went on to write the book, The Reconciliation of Races and Religions.
    • A paper by Judy Greenway, a grand neice of Elizabeth Gibson entitled "From the Wilderness to the Beloved City: Elizabeth Gibson Cheyne" pays tribute to the woman whom 'Abdul'-Bahá lauded. This paper was given at the invitation of the Oxford Bahá’í Community in December 2012, as part of the celebration of the centenary of Abdu’l-Bahá’s visit to Oxford.
    Oxford `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Dr T. K. Cheyne; Elizabeth Gibson; Elizabeth Gibson Cheyne; Stephen Lambden; Judy Greenway
    1913. 5 Jan The Master spoke at the home of Miss Herrick's to some 150 people. He gave a very "spiritual" lecture about the negligence of the people about God and their submerging in the sea of materialism. London `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1913 6 Jan `Abdu'l-Bahá and His party, Síyyíd Asadu'lláh-i-Qumí, His attendant, Ahmad Sohrab, His interpreter and Mírzá Mahmúd-i-Zarqání, His secretary, depart by train and arrive in Edinburgh's Waverly Station in the late afternoon. [SCU68]

    On the train He told the story of Miss Wardlaw-Ramsay of the Church Missionary Society who was a missionary in 'Acca for some 40 years. She was antagonistic to the Cause but the Master showed her all manner of kindness because she was very faithful to her Christ. When she left Akka and returned to Scotland He gave a party for her. [Ahmad Sohrab's Diary, Edinburgh, 1913 p5]

    Upon arrival He is taken to the home of Mrs Jane Elizabeth Whyte (neé Barbour) (1857-1944) at 7 Charlotte Square. She had met 'Abdu'l-Bahá before. She and her friend, Mrs Thornburgh-Cropper, had been invited to visit her sister who was on an extended stay in Egypt during the winter of 1905-6. In March they made a visit to 'Akká. By 1912 she had become a member of the "Council" established to promote the Faith in Britain. The Whytes, along with the Theosophical Society, had been instrumental in arranging Abdu'l-Bahá's visit to Edinburgh.

    Mrs Whyte's account of her meeting in 1906 is in her book Seven Candles of Unity, pp 47-49. and in her book entitled Seven Candles of Unity: the Story of 'Abdu'l-Bahá in Edinburgh (London: Bahá'í Publishing Trust, 1991). [Scottish Women: A Documentary History, 1780-1914 by Esther Breitenbach and Linda Fleming p.213]

    Her husband, Mr Alexander Whyte (1837-1921) was a Scottish divine; a minister of the Free Church of Scotland, he became colleague and successor of Dr R S Candlish at Free St Georges (now St George's West, 58 Shandwick Place), and then principal and professor of New Testament literature at New College, Edinburgh. [AB355, 363–8; SBR26]

    Miss Isobel Fraser served as the advance publicity agent for the visit.

    Edinburgh `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Isobel Fraser
    1913. 7 Jan 'Abdu'l-Bahá spoke to a crowd of several hundred Theosophists. The Theosophical Society (founded 1875) promoted brotherhood, the importance of Eastern philosophies and the search for spiritual and psychic truths. Edinburgh had one of the most active centres in Europe.

    In the late morning they had a tour of Outlook Tower, 549 Castlehill, Edinburgh EH1 2ND. Outlook Tower was an educational institution which taught astronomy, natural geography, cartology etc. The tour guide was Sir Patrick Geddes (1854-1932) who was a Scottish biologist and botanist, known also as an innovative thinker in the fields of urban planning and education; as a town-planner in Palestine he had involvement in the cypress avenue leading up to the Shrine of the Báb, and he also planned a Bahá'í House of Worship in India. [AB447, Leroy Ioas, p218]

    In the evening 'Abdu'l-Bahá spoke to the Esperanto Society at Freemason's Hall, 96 George Street, Edinburgh EH2 3DH. There were 1,000 people in the hall and some 300 outside. This was His first public address in Scotland. [ABTM294, Ahmad Sohrab's Diary, Edinburgh, 1913]

    Edinburgh `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Patrick Geddes; Esperanto; Theosophical Society; Outlook Tower; Sir Patrick Geddes
    1913. 8 Jan 'Abdu'l-Bahá was given a tour of the Edinburgh College of Arts conducted by the President. (74 Lauriston Place, Edinburgh EH3 9DF) This was followed by a tour of a school in the poorer district, North Canongate School.

    In the afternoon He spoke to a capacity attendance at Rainy Hall, New College, the Mound, Edinburgh EH1 2LX.

    'Abdu'l-Bahá attended a charity performance of Handel's Messiah at St Giles Cathedral. (Royal Mile, Edinburgh EH1 1RE) St. Giles was also known as the High Kirk of Edinburgh. It was Edinburgh's religious focal point for at least 900 years.

    And the glory of the Lord shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see it together: for the mouth of the Lord hath spoken it. (Isaiah 40:5) [Ahmad Sohrab's Diary, Edinburgh, 1913, ABTM297]

    Edinburgh `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; St Giles Cathedral; Handel's Messiah; Edinburgh College of Arts; North Canongate School
    1913. 9 Jan After a morning of receiving visitors 'Abdu'l-Bahá spoke to a woman's group that included those of a wide spectrum of conviction on the role of women from suffragists to suffragettes to those opposed of giving women the vote.

    'Abdu'l-Bahá visited the painter, John Duncan, (1866 Dundee-1945) a foremost Celtic revivalist painter, on the Management Board of the College of Arts, who was guided along by Patrick Geddes. He married Christine Allen in 1912 and immediately moved to 29 Bernard's Crescent as his home and studio, where this visit took place. Both were members of the Theosophical Society. Christine Duncan née Allen (c1886-) was a spiritualist with connections to Wellesley Tudor Pole and Alice Buckton.

    He was driven north of the city to see the Forth Railway Bridge, Edinburgh EH30 9TB. This engineering marvel, stretching 2.5 km from South to North Queensferry opened on the 4th of March 1890 and has been designated as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. [UNESCO]

    'Abdu'l-Bahá spoke at the Theosophical Society meeting at 28 Great King Street, Edinburgh EH3 6QN. "Several hundred" attended. [Ahmad Sohrab's Diary, Edinburgh, 1913 p.14]

    Edinburgh `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Forth Railway Bridge; Forth Bridge; Theosophical Society; John Duncan; Christine Duncan
    1913 10 Jan `Abdu'l-Bahá returns to London departing Waverly Station at 11AM and arriving at Euston at 7PM. He returned to the home of Lady Blomfield at 97 Cadogan Gardens. She devotedly placed her whole apartment at His disposal, whilst she herself (certainly in 1913) stayed a few moments away with Lady Elcho in 62 Cadogan Square (now likely 58). [AB368, Ahmad Sohrab's Diary, Edinburgh, 1913, David Merrick p8] London `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1913. 11 Jan 'Abdu'l-Bahá was most anxious that follow-up be done in Scotland. In and interview with Miss Buckton and Miss Schepel He encouraged them to go as soon as possible. [Ahmad Sohrab's Diary, Edinburgh, 1913, David Merrick p17]
    • 'Abdu'l-Bahá spoke at Caxton Hall in Westminster and after entertained a small crowd of people at His residence where He recounted stories of Bahá'ulláh's suffering. [AB368, ABTM299]
    London `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1913. 12 Jan He attended a dinner party at the home of Sir Richard and Lady Shapely. Dinner was followed by a talk. [AB369, ABTM299] London `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Richard Shapely
    1913. 13 Jan 'Abdu'l-Bahá spoke at Cadogan Gardens on the darkness of superstitions and imitations. [AB369, ABTM299] London `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1913. 14 Jan 'Abdu'l-Bahá spoke in the East End of London at a Congregational Church. [CH168, AB369, ABTM299] London `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Congregational Church
    1913 15 Jan `Abdu'l-Bahá travels to Bristol and stays at the Clifton Guest House which belonged to Mr and Mrs Tudor-Pole. He was accompanied by the Persian ambassador, Dúst-Muhammad Khán. In the evening He addressed a meeting in the Guest House. [AB369] Bristol `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Tudor-Pole; Dust-Muhammad Khan
    1913 16 Jan `Abdu'l-Bahá returns to London and spoke at 97 Cadogan Gardens. He spoke about the diversity of those entering the Faith and the recommended way to conduct a meeting. [AB370, ABTM302-303] London `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1913 18 Jan `Abdu'l-Bahá received guests from the Muslim Community of Britain and was asked to speak at the Shah Jehan Mosque at Woking, one of the two mosques in England at the time and the first built in England and perhaps Western Europe. He spoke on the subject of the Unity of Religions and translation was done by Mírzá Ahmad Sohrab. [CH152, AB370, BW3p278-279, BW4p377]
    • Note ABTM303 reports that this event took place on the 17th of January.
    • Dr. Gottlieb Wilhelm Leitner (1840–1899) was the builder of the Oriental Institute, founded to train Asians living in Europe for the learned professions, to the study of linguistics and culture, and for the teaching of languages to Europeans who wished to travel to the East. To cater for the spiritual needs of students of all major faiths and to provide for any who lived within reach, Dr. Leitner intended to build a synagogue, a church, a temple and a mosque. Only the Shah Jehan Mosque was completed. (Oct-Nov 1889). The Institute relied too heavily upon Dr. Leitner’s personal enthusiasm and wealth and it did not survive his early death in March of 1899. The Mosque was closed and practically empty between 1899 and 1912. Khwaja Kamal-ud-Din, a prominent Kashmiri lawyer and founder of the Woking Muslim Mission, worked to repair and re-open the Mosque in 1913. It was the first formal place of Islamic worship in England and became a centre of Islam in the UK. [Dr. Gottlieb Wilhelm Leitner]
    • For a photo of the gathering see BW3p280 or BWNS818.
    Woking; Surrey; Woking Mosque; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Woking
    1913 20 Jan Dr Felix Mosscheles held a reception for 'Abdu'l-Bahá in his home that was attended by a number of notable people.

    'Abdu'l-Bahá was the guest of a Rajput prince who gave a dinner party for Him.

    In the evening He spoke at the Higher Thought Centre, His last engagement in London. [AB371]

    London `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1913 21 Jan `Abdu'l-Bahá leaves London for Paris. [AB371]
    • The visit to Paris lasts several weeks. [AB372; SBR220]
    Paris; London; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1913 6 Feb `Abdu'l-Bahá visits Versailles. [AB376] Paris; Versailles `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1913 30 Mar `Abdu'l-Bahá travels from Paris to Stuttgart. [AB379]
    • He tells His attendants to wear European dress and to discard their oriental headgear. [AB379]
    • He does not tell the Bahá'ís of Stuttgart of His arrival in advance. [AB379]
    Stuttgart; Paris; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1913 7 Apr `Abdu'l-Bahá travels to Bad Mergentheim by automobile to visit the hotel and mineral bath owned by Consul Schwarz, (Later named Disciple of `Abdu'l-Bahá by Shoghi Effendi). [AB383]
    • Later, in 1916 the local Bahá'í community commemorated the visit with the dedication of a monument, a life-sized likeness of the head of 'Abdu'l-Bahá on a granite stone about two metres in height. The Nazis removed it in 1937 but it was replaced in 2007. [BWNS524]
    Bad Mergentheim Consul Schwarz; Disciple of `Abdu'l-Baha; monument; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1913 8 Apr `Abdu'l-Bahá returns to Stuttgart, then leaves in the evening for Budapest, changing trains in Vienna the next morning. To this date no travel teacher had visited Budapest and there are no resident believers. [ABM316]
    • The trip was made at the invitation of, among others, Mr and Mrs Lipót Stark. the Secretary General of the Theosophical Society, who had given a lecture entitled "The Bahá'i Movement" on the 25th of February, 1912 and the text of the lecture had been published in the Esperanto periodical Teozofia (Theosophical). [SBBR14p110]
    • `Abdu'l-Bahá is accompanied by Wilhelm Herrigel to serve to translate into German. [AB384]
    Stuttgart; Budapest; Hungary Leopold Stark; Lipót Stark; Wilhelm Herrigel; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1913 9 Apr `Abdu'l-Bahá arrives in Budapest and He is met by a delegation at Keleti pu Ostbahnhof (Eastern Train Station). Another welcoming party has been waiting for Him at the Western station where a train had arrived from Vienna. He is escorted to the Ritz Hotel (now called the Hotel Forum) on the Pest side where He is further welcomed by a delegation of citizens. To compensate for the fact that many have missed His arrival at the train station He holds a press conference in the hotel lobby. [AB384, SBBR14p110]
    • For details of His visit see AB384–8 and MRHK362–70 and 'Abdu'l-Bahá in Budapest by Alice Schwartz-Salivo and 'Abdu'l-Bahá in Budapest by György Lederer found in SBBR14p109.
    “…it was His hope that Budapest might become a centre for the reunion of the East and the West, and that from this city the light might emanate to other places.” 'Abdu'l-Bahá in Budapest p1
    Budapest; Hungary `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1913 10 Apr While walking `Abdu'l-Bahá crosses the Chain Bridge and attracts a crowd of curious onlookers who had seen His picture in the newspaper. [MRHK363]
    • He receives visitors at His hotel. Among them are Dr Agnes Goosen, the Rector of the University of Budapest, Dr Alexander Giesswein, a member of Parliament and Sirdar Omrah Singh of Punjab. Professor Julius Germanus, a young Orientalist from the Eastern Academy, brings a group of Turkish language students. {MRHK364]
    • He visits the homes of several families.
    • In the evening He speaks to 50 people at the Theosophical Meeting, praising the organization and its goals. Dr Germanus interpretes the talk into German.
    Budapest; Hungary Julius Germanus; Dr Agnes Goosen; Dr Alexander Giesswein; Sirdar Omrah Singh; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1913 11 Apr Julius Germanus from the Eastern Academy calls upon 'Abdu'l-Bahá at His hotel accompanied by his Turkish students. [SBBR14p112]
    • 'Abdu'l-Bahá visits Hungarian Orientalist Professor Ignáz Goldziher in his home. He was the first person of the Jewish Faith to occupy a professional chair in the University of Budapest. and he has previously written about the Bahá'í Faith. Some time later Professor Goldziher received a carpet and a tablet as a gift from 'Abdu'l-Bahá. [SBBR14p116, AB386]
    • 'Abdu'l-Bahá delivers a lecture in the old Parliament organized by the Peace Society and the Esperanto Association to an audience estimated to be 500, 800 or 1,000 depending on the source. He is flanked by Catholic prelate Dr Alexander Giesswein and Dr. Goldziher, a Jewish Orientalist. The significance of seeing an eminent Jewish scholar and a Catholic clergyman on the same stage on either side of 'Abdu'l-Bahá is not lost on the audience and they break into applause. [SBBR14p116-117. MRHK362]
    • After the lecture a dinner is given in His honour at the Hotel Pannonia. [MRHK366]
    Budapest; Hungary Julius Germanus; Ignaz Goldziher; Dr Alexander Giesswein; Dr. Goldziher; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1913 12 Apr He receives many visitors at His hotel including the president of the Túránian Society, Jewish-born Arminius Vambéry. He is an orientalist and one of the most colourful figures of the nineteenth century. He has some prior knowledge of the Bahá'í Faith. Some time later he wrote a much-publicised tribute to the Bahá'í Faith. [AB8, 386–7, SBBR14p114]
    • `Abdu'l-Bahá visits the home of Arminius Vambéry. [SBBR14p115]
    • He is invited to speak at the former House of Magnates in the National Museum Building by the founder of the Hungarian Turanian Society, Alajos Paikert. ['Abdu'l-Bahá in Budapest p4]
    Budapest; Hungary Arminius Vambéry; Alajos Paikert; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1913 13 Apr `Abdu'l-Bahá is sick and the weather is bitterly cold. He goes to the studio of Professor Robert A. Nadler of the Royal Academy of Art to sit for a portrait. He gives him a total of three sittings during His visit to Budapest. [AB387, MRHK368-9]
    • "The portrait is remarkable not only because of its art, but also because of its later miraculous fate. Reportedly, after heavy bombing in 1945, only that part of the building in which the painting was hung remained unharmed." [Renée Szanto-Felbermann Two Portraits p3, Rebirth: Memoirs of Renée Szanto-Felbermann p159]
    • The painting is purchased and taken to the Bahá'í World Centre in 1972. [SBBR14p118]
    • In the afternoon He visits the home of Sirdar Omrah Singh. [AB387]

    • In spite of a raging blizzard a good many attend His address at the hotel in the evening. [AB387]

    Budapest; Hungary Professor Robert A. Nadler; portrait; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1913 14 Apr His plan had been to leave but His departure is delayed due to a request from the president of the Túránian Society, Count Pal Teleki, who later becomes the Hungarian Prime Minister two times.
    • In the afternoon 'Abu'l-Bahá visits Arminius Vambéry at his home again and some time later sends him a tablet and a carpet by the post. It was reported in "Star of the West" (February 1929) that this tablet was in possession of Arminius's son, Rusztem Vámbéry. [SBBR14p115, 125, AB387, SoW9Vol9p24]
    • At a meeting of the Túránian Society in the grand hall of the National Museum 'Abdu'l-Bahá gives a lecture entitled "Peace Between Nations and Religions" to some 200 people. The talk is translated into Hungarian by Leopold Stark and into English by Mirza Ahmad Sohrab. [SBBR14p113, ABM318]
    • 'Alí Abbás Áqá, a Tabrízí carpet merchant, hosts a dinner party in His honour. Among those attending is the Turkish Consul. [AB387, MRHK367, SBBR14p113]
    Budapest; Hungary Arminius Vambéry; Leopold Stark; Count Pal Teleki; 'Ali Abbas Áqa; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1913 15 Apr 'Abdu'l-Bahá's planned departure is delayed a second time due to a severe cold. He is attended by Mr and Mrs Stark as well as Sirda Omrah Singh. He continues to meet visitors in His hotel during this period. [MRHK369] Budapest; Hungary Mr and Mrs Stark; Sirda Omrah Singh; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1913 18 or19 Apr `Abdu'l-Bahá leaves Budapest and travels to Vienna by rail, reaching the city in the evening and taking residence in the Grand Hotel. It is estimated that some 30 people accepted the Faith during His visit. [AB388, SBBR14p120] Vienna; Budapest; Hungary `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1913 24 Apr `Abdu'l-Bahá leaves Vienna and returns to Stuttgart, where He arrives in the early hours of the next morning. [AB389] Stuttgart; Vienna `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1913 1 May `Abdu'l-Bahá leaves Stuttgart and returns to Paris. [AB391] Stuttgart; Paris `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1913 12 Jun `Abdu'l-Bahá leaves Paris for Marseilles, arriving the same evening. [AB395]

    In total 'Abdu'-Bahá spent about 171 days in Paris.

    3 October to 2 December 1911 - 60 days          
     21 January to 30 March 1913 - 69 days          
           1 May to 12 June 1913 - 42 days          
                          Total   171 days          
    Marseilles; Paris `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1913 13 Jun `Abdu'l-Bahá leaves Marseilles on the S. S. Himalaya for Port Said. [AB395]
    • He sends a telegram to Haifa instructing the many pilgrims awaiting his return to come to Port Said. Because of the great numbers who come, there isn't sufficient hotel accommodations and a large tent is erected on the roof in which to hold meetings. SoW Vol 4 No 7 p121.
    Marseilles; Port Said S. S. Himalaya; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
    1915 Latter half `Abdu'l-Bahá's Memorials of the Faithful takes shape. [AB417; MFXII]
    • `Abdu'l-Bahá tells stories of Bahá'í heroes and heroines to the weekly gatherings of Bahá'ís in Haifa. These are compiled and published as a book. [AB417]
    • The book is not published until 1924. [AB417; MFXII]
    `Abdu'l-Baha; Memorials of the Faithful
    1915 11 Oct Arthur Pillsbury Dodge, Disciple of `Abdu'l-Bahá, passes away in Freeport, New York. [sBR15]
    • For biographies see BFA1:116-17, SBR1-16 and SW6, 13:100-1.
    • For his obituary see SW6, 19:161-7.
    • Dodge's books include The Truth of It (1901) [SW6, 13:101] and Whence? Why? Wither? (1907). [SW6, 13:101]
    Freeport; New York Arthur Pillsbury Dodge; Disciple of `Abdu'l-Baha; In Memoriam
    1916 26 Mar-22 Apr `Abdu'l-Bahá reveals eight of the Tablets of the Divine Plan. [AB420; BBD219 BBRSM157; SBBH132-3; TDPX]
    • For the order and place of their revelation see AB420-2 and TDP.
    • For a description of their content see AB422-3.
    • Shoghi Effendi characterizes them as a `mandate' and a `supreme charter for teaching'. [GPB255; TDPVII]
    • The Tablets can be found at TDP on the pages indicated:
    • 1st (Page 1) Tablet to the Bahá’ís of the Northeastern States. Revealed on March 26, 1916, in ‘Abdu’l‑Bahá’s room at the house in Bahjí, addressed to the Bahá’ís of nine Northeastern States of the United States: Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Vermont, Pennsylvania, New Jersey and New York.
    • 2nd (Page 2) Tablet to the Bahá’ís of the Southern States. Revealed on March 27, 1916, in the garden adjacent to the Shrine of Bahá’u’lláh, addressed to the Bahá’ís of sixteen Southern States of the United States: Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee, Kentucky, Louisiana, Arkansas, Oklahoma and Texas.
    • 3rd (Page 3) Tablet to the Bahá’ís of the Central States. Revealed on March 29, 1916, outside the house in Bahjí, and addressed to the Bahá’ís of twelve Central States of the United States: Michigan, Wisconsin, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska and Kansas.
    • 4th (Page 4) Tablet to the Bahá’ís of the Western States. Revealed on April 1, 1916, in ‘Abdu’l‑Bahá’s room at the house in Bahjí, addressed to the Bahá’ís of eleven Western States of the United States: New Mexico, Colorado, Arizona, Nevada, California, Wyoming, Utah, Montana, Idaho, Oregon and Washington.
    • 5th (Page 5) Tablet to the Bahá’ís of Canada and Greenland. Revealed on April 5, 1916, in the garden adjacent to the Shrine of Bahá’u’lláh, and addressed to the Bahá’ís of Canada—Newfoundland, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Quebec, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, Alberta, British Columbia, Yukon, Mackenzie, Keewatin, Ungava, Franklin Islands—and Greenland.
    • 6th (Page 6) Tablet to the Bahá’ís of the United States and Canada. Revealed on April 8, 1916, in the garden outside the Shrine of Bahá’u’lláh, and addressed to the Bahá’ís of the United States and Canada.
    • 7th (Page 8) Tablet to the Bahá’ís of the United States and Canada. Revealed on April 11, 1916, in ‘Abdu’l‑Bahá’s room at the house in Bahjí, and addressed to the Bahá’ís of the United States and Canada.
    • 8th (Page 11) Tablet to the Bahá’ís of the United States and Canada. Revealed on April 19, 1916, in ‘Abdu’l‑Bahá’s room at the house in Bahjí; on April 20, in the pilgrims’ quarters of the house in Bahjí; on April 22, in the garden adjacent to the Shrine of Bahá’u’lláh, and addressed to the Bahá’ís of the United States and Canada.
    Haifa `Abdu'l-Baha; Tablets of the Divine Plan
    1916 1 May Lua Getsinger, Disciple of `Abdu'l-Bahá, dies of heart failure in Cairo. [BBD87; SW7, 4:29]
    • For an her obituary see SW7, 4:29-30.
    • She is buried in the Protestant Cemetery in Cairo. In 1939 a court ruling enables the Bahá'ís to reinter her in the first Bahá'í cemetery established in Egypt. Her grave is now beside that of Mírzá Abu'l-Fadl. [GPB344]
    • See also Sears and Quigley, The Flame.
    Cairo Lua Getsinger; Disciple of `Abdu'l-Baha; Baha'i cemetery; Mirza Abu'l-Fadl; In Memoriam
    1917 2 Feb-8 Mar `Abdu'l-Bahá reveals six Tablets of the Divine Plan. [AB422; BBD219]
    • As there is no communication with America at this time, the Tablets are stored in a vault under the Shrine of the Báb. [BBD219]
    • The Tablets can be found at TDP on the pages indicated:
    • 9th (Page 14)Tablet to the Bahá’ís of the Northeastern States. Revealed on February 2, 1917, in Ismá’íl Áqá’s room at the house of ‘Abdu’l‑Bahá in Haifa, and addressed to the Bahá’ís of the nine Northeastern States of the United States: Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Vermont, Pennsylvania, New Jersey and New York.
    • 10th (Page 16)Tablet to the Bahá’ís of the Southern States. Revealed on February 3, 1917, in Haifa in Ismá’íl Áqá’s room, and addressed to the Bahá’ís of the sixteen Southern States of the United States: Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee, Kentucky, Louisiana, Arkansas, Oklahoma and Texas.
    • 11th (Page 18)Tablet to the Bahá’ís of the Central States. Revealed on February 8, 1917, in Bahá’u’lláh’s room at the house of Abbúd in ‘Akká, and addressed to the Bahá’ís of the twelve Central States of the United States: Michigan, Wisconsin, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska and Kansas.
    • 12th (Page 20)Tablet to the Bahá’ís of the Western States. Revealed on February 15, 1917, in Bahá’u’lláh’s room at the house of Abbúd in ‘Akká, and addressed to the Bahá’ís of the eleven Western States of the United States: New Mexico, Colorado, Arizona, Nevada, California, Wyoming, Utah, Montana, Idaho, Oregon and Washington.
    • 13th (Page 21)Tablet to the Bahá’ís of Canada and Greenland. Revealed on February 21, 1917, in Bahá’u’lláh’s room at the house of Abbúd in ‘Akká, and addressed to the Bahá’ís of Canada—Newfoundland, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Quebec, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, Alberta, British Columbia, Yukon, Mackenzie, Keewatin, Ungava, Franklin Islands—and Greenland.
    • 14th (Page 23)Tablet to the Bahá’ís of the United States and Canada. Revealed on March 8, 1917, in the summerhouse (Ismá’íl Áqá’s room) at ‘Abdu’l‑Bahá’s house in Haifa, and addressed to the Bahá’ís of the United States and Canada.
    Haifa `Abdu'l-Baha; Tablets of the Divine Plan
    1917 Nov `Abdu'l-Bahá sends a message to the Bahá'ís of the world assuring them of His safety. [AB412]
    • The Tablet is carried by an aged Arab Bahá'í, Hájí Ramadán. It takes him 45 days to walk from `Akká to Tihrán. On his return trip he brings gold and messages. [AB412; CH206-7]
    • For text of the Tablet see CH207-8.
    Haifa; Tihran `Abdu'l-Baha; World War I; Haji Ramadan
    1917 9 Dec General Allenby enters Jerusalem. [AB425]
    • Major Wellesley Tudor Pole risks court martial to alert the British Cabinet of the danger to `Abdu'l-Bahá. [ER169]
    Jerusalem General Allenby; Major Wellesley Tudor Pole; `Abdu'l-Baha
    1918 Jan The British Bahá'ís alert the Foreign Office about the importance of ensuring `Abdu'l-Bahá's safety in Haifa. [BBR332-5; CH219; GPB305-6]

    CH219 says this was in the Spring but letters to the Foreign Office are dated Jan 1918.

    • For the actions of Lady Blomfield see BBR333, CH219-20, AB425-26 and ER169.
    • For the role of Major Wellesley Tudor Pole see BBR332-3; CH222-5; and ER168-70.
    Haifa British Foreign Office; `Abdu'l-Baha; Lady Blomfield; Major Wellesley Tudor Pole
    1918 23 Sep The British army takes Haifa. [BBR335; DH148, Scroll In 68095]
    • For details of the battle see BBR335-6.
    • For letters from the British authorities stating that `Abdu'l-Bahá is safe see BBR336-7.
    Haifa `Abdu'l-Baha
    1919 26 Apr-1 May The 14 Tablets of the Divine Plan are unveiled in a dramatic ceremony at the Hotel McAlpin in New York, during the `Convention of the Covenant'. [BBD219; PP437; SBBH1:134; SBBH2:135; SBR86; TDPXI]
    • For details of the convention programme, Tablets and talks given see SW10, 4:54-72; SW10, 5:83-94; SW10, 6:99-103, 111-12 SW10, 7:122-7, 138; SW10, 10:197-203; and SW10, 12:2279.
    • Mary Maxwell (Rúhíyyih Khánum) is among the young people who unveil the Tablets. [PP437]
    • Agnes Parsons arrives from her pilgrimage just before the close of the convention and is able to convey the instructions from `Abdu'l-Bahá to arrange a Convention for `the unity of the coloured and white races'. [BW5:413; SBR87]
    • Hyde and Clara Dunn and Martha Root respond immediately to the appeal, the Dunns going to Australia where they open 700 towns to the Faith, and Martha Root embarking on the first of her journeys which are to extend over 20 years. [GPB308; MR88]
    • See also CT138-9.
    Hotel McAlpin in New York; Australia Tablets of the Divine Plan; `Convention of the Covenant; Mary Maxwell (Ruhiyyih Khanum); Agnes Parsons; pilgrimage; `Abdu'l-Baha; Hyde and Clara Dunn; Martha Root
    1919 Nov William Harry Randall, an American, asks `Abdu'l-Bahá if he might contribute to the building of the Western Pilgrim House. [DH179]
    • Plans are drawn up and work begun but the funds available are insufficient to continue the work until 1923, when money is contributed by Amelia Collins. [BBD178; DH180; GPB307]
    Haifa William Harry Randall; `Abdu'l-Baha; Western Pilgrim House; Amelia Collins
    1919 17 Dec `Abdu'l-Bahá sends His `Tablet to the Central Organization for a Durable Peace at the Hague' in response to a communication addressed to Him by the executive committee. [AB438; BBD1 15; GPB308]
    • It is delivered in person by Ibn-i-Asdaq. [EB176]
    • It defines the Bahá'í peace programme. [BW3:12]
    • For the text of the Tablet see AB438-9.
    Haifa `Abdu'l-Baha; Tablet to the Central Organization for a Durable Peace at the Hague; Ibn-i-Asdaq; Baha'i peace programme
    1920 (in the year) The British Mandate for Palestine begins. [BBR488]
    • For `Abdu'l-Bahá's attitude to the administration see BBR339.
    • For British accounts of `Abdu'l-Bahá and the Bahá'ís in this period see BBR339-43 and CH225-8.
    • For details see SA140-3.
    Palestine British Mandate; `Abdu'l-Baha
    1920 Jan `Abdu'l-Bahá writes a Tablet to a group in Chile. [SWAB:246-50] Chile `Abdu'l-Baha
    1920 27 Apr `Abdu'l-Bahá is invested with the insignia of the Knighthood of the British Empire in a ceremony in Haifa. [AB443; BBRXXX, 343-5; CH214; DH149; GPB306]
    • For the document recommending `Abdu'l-Bahá for knighthood, see BBR344.
    • The knighthood is in recognition of `Abdu'l-Bahá's humanitarian work during the war for famine relief. [AB443]
    • He accepts the honour as a gift from a `just king'. [AB443]
    • He does not use the title. [AB443]
    • For Lady Bloomfield's account see AB443-4 and CH214-15.
    Haifa; New York `Abdu'l-Baha; Knighthood of the British Empire; Lady Blomfield
    1920 24 May Charles Greenleaf, Disciple of `Abdu'l-Bahá, passes away at the home of William Harry Randall in Boston. [SBR105]
    • For details of his life see SBR97-105.
    • For his obituary see SW11, 19:321-2.
    Boston Charles Greenleaf; Disciple of `Abdu'l-Baha; William Harry Randall; In Memoriam
    1921 23 Jan Mírzá Ya`qúb-i-Muttahidih is assassinated in Kirmánsháh. [BBRXXX, 446-50; BW18:387; GPB299]
    • He is the last to lay down his life in the ministry of `Abdu'l-Bahá. GPB299]
    Kirmánsháh Mirza Ya`qub-i-Muttahidih; Iranian persecution; `Abdu'l-Baha
    1921 28 Nov The Ascension of `Abdu'l-Bahá: `Abdu'l-Bahá passes away at about 1:00 a.m., in Haifa. [AB452; BBD4; BBR347; GPB311; UD170]
    • For details of His passing see AB452, BW1:19-23; BW15:113-15 and GPB310-11.
    • This marks the end of the Apostolic, Heroic or Primitive Age of the Bahá'í Faith and the beginning of the Transitional Formative or Iron Age. [BBD35-6]
    • For a photograph of the cable sent announcing His passing see SW12, 15:245.
    • For a pen portrait of 'Abdu'l-Bahá see The Oriental Rose by Mary Hanford Ford pg 158-159
    • Also see AB452-83; HLS93-100.
    Haifa `Abdu'l-Baha Apostolic; Heroic or Primitive Age; Transitional Formative or Iron Age; pen portrait
    1921 29 Nov The funeral of `Abdu'l-Bahá. [BW15:115]
    • For details of the funeral see AB464-74; BW1:23-6; BW15:115-19; GPB312-14; and SW12, 17:259-67.
    • For Western and newspaper accounts see AB474-80; BBR347-9; BW1:26-8; and BW15:119-20.
    • For eulogies to `Abdu'l-Bahá see AB481-2, BW1:28-9 and BW15 120-1.
    • Ten thousand people attend `Abdu'l-Bahá's funeral. [v7]
    • For a number of pictures of the funeral procession see SW12, 91:290, 292-8.
    • Bahíyyih Khánum looks for instructions on where to bury `Abdu'l-Bahá and, finding none, entombs Him in a vault next to the one where the remains of the Báb lie. [AB464; GBF14]
    • The Faith has spread to 35 countries. [MBW61; PP391]
    • The Bahá'í property at Bahjí does not exceed a thousand square metres; the Bahá'í property on Mount Carmel is about ten thousand square metres. [PP267]
    • Also see Balyuzi, `Abdu'l-Bahá; Blomfield, The Chosen Highway; Honnold, Vignettes from the Life of `Abdu'l-Bahá; SW12, 15:245 and several following issues.
    Haifa; Bahjí; Mount Carmel `Abdu'l-Baha; Bahiyyih Khanum; Shrine of the Bab
    1921 29 Nov A cable is sent to London with news of `Abdu'l-Bahá's death. Shoghi Effendi learns of his grandfather's passing about noon. [GBF13]
    • See GBF13 and PP39-40 for Shoghi Effendi's reaction.
    London `Abdu'l-Baha; Shoghi Effendi
    1921 Following `Abdu'l-Bahá's passing Mírzá Muhammad-`Alí publishes far and wide that he is the successor to `Abdu'l-Bahá. [CB277]
    • The Egyptian Bahá'ís respond to this by publishing a refutation of his claims. [CB276; SW12, 19:294-5]
    Egypt Mirza Muhammad-`Ali; successorship; `Abdu'l-Baha; Covenant-breakers
    1921 2 Dec Ethel Rosenberg arrives in the Holy Land, having learned on the train from Port Said of the passing of `Abdu'l-Bahá. [ER181-2] Haifa Ethel Rosenberg; `Abdu'l-Baha
    1921 4 Dec On the seventh day after the passing of `Abdu'l-Bahá, corn is distributed in His name to about a thousand of the poor.
    • Up to this day 50 to 100 poor are fed daily at the Master's House. [BW15:122]
    Haifa `Abdu'l-Baha; House of `Abdu'l-Baha
    1922 3 Jan The Will and Testament of `Abdu'l-Bahá is read aloud for the first time, to a group of nine men, mainly senior members of `Abdu'l-Bahá's family. [BBRSM115; CB286; ER194; GBF14; PP45]
    • Shoghi Effendi is not present at the reading. [CB286; ER194]
    • Shoghi Effendi is appointed Guardian of the Bahá'í Faith. [WT11]
    • Shoghi Effendi had no fore-knowledge of the institution of the Guardianship nor that he would be appointed Guardian. [CB285; PP423]
    Will and Testament of `Abdu'l-Baha; Guardianship; Shoghi Effendi
    1922 6 Jan A memorial feast for 600 people of Haifa, `Akká and the surrounding area is held 40 days after the passing of `Abdu'l-Bahá. [BW15:122; ER195]
    • More than a hundred poor are also fed. [BW15:122; ERT95-6]
    • For details of the memorial service see ER195-9 and SW13, 2:404.
    Haifa; `Akka `Abdu'l-Baha
    1922 7 Jan The Will and Testament of `Abdu'l-Bahá is read publicly to an assembled gathering of Bahá'ís from many countries. [ER199-200]
    • Shoghi Effendi is again absent. [ER200]
    The Greatest Holy Leaf sends two cables to Persia, informing the Bahá'ís that Shoghi Effendi has been appointed Guardian and instructing them to hold memorial services for `Abdu'l-Bahá. [PP47]
    Will and Testament of `Abdu'l-Baha; Greatest Holy Leaf; Shoghi Effendi; Guardian
    1922 9 Jan William H. Hoar, Disciple of `Abdu'l-Bahá, passes away in Fanwood, New Jersey. [SW12, 19:310]
    • For his obituary see SW12, 19:310-12.
    Fanwood; New Jersey William H. Hoar; Disciple of `Abdu'l-Baha; In Memoriam
    1922 19 Feb Helen Goodall, Disciple of `Abdu'l-Bahá, passes away in San Francisco. [SEBW33]
    • See SEBW21-33 for details of her life.
    San Francisco Helen Goodall; Disciple of `Abdu'l-Baha
    1924 28 Jan Isabella Brittingham, Disciple of `Abdu'l-Bahá, passes away at the Revell home in Philadelphia. [SEBW138]
    • For her life see SEBW131-8.
    Philadelphia Isabella Brittingham; Disciple of `Abdu'l-Baha; Revell
     
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