Search for tag "‘Abdu’l-Baha"
|1889 In the year
||The passing of Mullá Sádiq-i-Muqaddas-i-Khurásání entitled by Bahá'u'lláh Ism'lláh'l-Asdaq (In the Name of God the Most Truthful) in Hamadán. He was born in Mashhad in 1800, the son of a cleric, around the beginning of the 19th century He furthered his own clerical studies in Karbila under the Shaykhi leader Sayyid Qasim Rashti, eventually gaining the rank of mujtahid, and becoming known by the honorific title Muqaddas (‘the holy one’).
- As a young man he had been a disciple of Siyyid Kázim and had met Siyyid 'Alí-Muhammad in Karbilá. He was among the first believers who identified with the Message of the Báb. See DB100 and EB7 for the story of how he independently determined His identity when he met Mullá Husayn in Isfahán on his way to deliver a tablet to Bahá'u'lláh in Tehran. The very next day he left Isfahán for Shíráz on foot arriving 12 days later to find that the Báb had already departed for pilgrimage.
- He took up residence in Shíráz and received a Tablet from the Báb instructing him to change the Call to Prayer. See DB146-148, EB13-14 for the story of how he endured over 900 strokes of the lash on the command of Husayn Khán-i-Írva´ní, the Governor of the province of Fars, and remained indifferent to the pain. (6 August, 1845) He was expelled from the city and proceeded to Yazd. He had similar fate in that city and was banished.
- On the way to Khurásán he joined Mullá Husayn and those who would participate in the Tabarsí siege where he was on hand for the death of Mullá Husayn. (DB381) After the deception and massacre he was one of the few survivors and, as a prisoner, was taken to Mázindarán to be executed by the family Prince Mihdí-Qulí Mírzá who had commanded the royal troops and had been killed in battle. On route the party called on the clerics to interrogate him and his fellow Bábi and they became convinced that they were not heretics deserving of execution. The prisoners were to be sent to Tehran but escaped and made their way to Míhámí and eventually to Mashad.
- In 1861, after life in that city became impossible, he went to Baghdád where he attained the presence of Bahá'u'lláh. After 14 months he returned to his native province of Khurásán.
- He continued in his audacious teaching and as a result was taken to Tehran where he was kept in the Síhåh-Chál. He taught a number of fellow prisoners about the Promised One and converted Hakím Masíh, the Jewish physician assigned to attend to the prisoners. He was the first Bahá'í of Jewish background in Tehran (and was the grandfather of Lutfu'lláh Hakím, a former member of the Universal House of Justice.) After 28 months imprisonment he was pardoned but refuse to leave without his fellow prisoners. The Sháh released 40 of the 43 prisoners. (The remaining three were guilty of actual crimes.)
- After Tehran he went to Khurásán and returned to the capital some three years later to help in changing the hiding place of the remains of the Báb. Then he travelled to Káshán, Isfahán and Yazd where he convinced some of the Afnáns to accept the truth of their Nephew's claims. After returning to Khurásán he was given permission to make a pilgrimage to 'Akká where he remained for some four months, returning by way of Mosul and Baghdád. When he reached Hamadán he was exhausted. Twelve days after his arrival he passed.
- He had been the recipient of many tablets from Bahá'u'lláh including a Tablet of Visitation after his passing. One of the most well-know tablets was the Lawh-i-Ahbáb (Tablet of the Friends). It is thought He revealed this Tablet some time after leaving the barracks in 'Akká, about 1870-1871. [RoB3p258-260, List of the Tablets of Bahá'u'lláh]
- He was the father of Ibn-i-Asdaq who Bahá'u'lláh appointed a Hand of the Cause of God. [EB19]
- ‘Abdu’l-Baha posthumously referred to him as a Hand of the Cause of God.
- References [LoF32-41, MF5-8, DB381. EB7-23, BBR 69-70]
||Hand referred to as such by ‘Abdu’l-Baha; In Memoriam; Hand of the Cause of God; Mulla Sadiq-i-Muqaddas-i-Khurasani; Ism'llah'l-Asdaq
|1892 6 Jul
||The passing of Hand of the Cause of God Nabil-i-Akbar Áqá Muhammed-i-Qá'Ini. He was born in Naw- Firist, Persia (Iran) on 29 March 1829. “It has been
claimed that no one within the enclave of the Baha’i Faith has ever surpassed the profundity of his erudition.” Bahá’u’lláh
addressed the Lawh-i- Hikmat* (Tablet of Wisdom), in his honour. [EB115] He was imprisoned a number of times in Iran for his Bahá’í
activities and eventually moved to Ashkhabad (‘Ishqábád, Turkmenistan). He died in Bukhárá, Uzbekistan. ‘Abdu’lBahá
designated him a Hand of the Cause of God. [LoF28-31]For details of his life see EB112–15.See OPOP86 for "Pilgrim's Note" concerning what Jináb-i-Fádil said that 'Abdu'l-Bahá said about Nabil's suicide.
||Bukhárá; Uzbekistan; Naw- Firist; Iran;
||Nabil-i-Akbar Áqa Muhammed-i-Qa'Ini; Hand referred to as such by ‘Abdu’l-Baha; In Memoriam; Hand of the Cause of God
|1896 1 May
||The martyrdom of Hand of the Cause of God Varqa (‘Dove’), Mírzá ‘Ali-Muhammad. (b.1856) He and his young son,
Ruhu’lláh, were killed by one of the Qajar courtiers in the aftermath of the assassination of Nasir'd-Din Shah. [GPB296, BBRXXIX]
- For the story of their lives see MRHK405–22.
- For a Western account of the episode see BBR361–2.
- He was posthumously named a Hand of the Cause of God by 'Abdu'l-Bahá.
named him posthumously as a Hand of the Cause and Shoghi Effendi designated him as one of the Apostles of Bahá-u-lláh. [EB75-97 LoF42-49, BBR361-362, SoBSNBp225-229]
- Also see World Order: Winter 1974-1975, Vol. 9 No.2 for contribution by Kazem Kazemzadeh on the martyrdom of Varqá and Ruhu'lláh.
- See Varqá and Son: The Heavenly Doves by Darius Shahrokh.
See also Bahá'í Chronicles.
|Yazd; Tihrán; Iran;
||Hand referred to as such by ‘Abdu’l-Baha; In Memoriam; Hand of the Cause of God; Varqa
|1897 In the year
||The passing of Hand of the Cause Mullá Muhammad-Ridá in a Tehran prison.
- born in Muhammad-Ábád in the province of Yazd into a well-known family in about 1814. He is provided a good education and he becomes a divine known for his piety, eloquence and courage.
- Becomes a follower of the Báb in the early days of the Revelation. He recognizes Bahá'u'lláh as the Promised One of the Bayan some time after 1855 upon reading Qasídiy-i-Varqá'íyyih, "Ode of the Dove". (Bahá'u'lláh had composed this ode while still in Sulaymáníyyih.)
- He became well-known for his courage in teaching and his endurance in withstanding abuse. He was found to be picking his teeth while being bastinadoed and, while a elderly man, withstood a brutal flogging on his bare back in the prison yard. (A witness to this flogging, Ghulám-Ridá Khán, a notable of Tehran who happened to be imprisoned at the same time, became a believer upon seeing his steadfastness under the lashing.)
[RoB1p84-91, EB89-111, LoF21-27]
- 'Abdu'l-Bahá referred to a few of the believers posthumously as being Hands of the Cause (see MF5 and BW14p446) Adib Taherzadeh points out that "since there are one or two others by the same name (Shaykh-Ridáy-i-Yazdí) it is not possible to identify him. However, some believe strongly that he is Mullá Muhammad-i-Ridáy-i-Muhammmad-Ábádí. [RoB4p186n]
|Muhammad-Ábád; Yazd; Tehran;
||Hand referred to as such by ‘Abdu’l-Baha; In Memoriam; Hand of the Cause of God
|1915 (in the year)
||Jamál Páshá, Commander of the 4th Army Corps of the Turkish army, is put in military control of Syria, including the Holy Land. [AB412]
- For an account of his relationship with ‘Abdu’l-Bahá see AB412–14.
- He threatens to crucify ‘Abdu’l-Bahá and to destroy the Shrine of Bahá’u’lláh. [AB414; GPB304, 317]
||Jamal Pasha; Shrine of Baha’u’llah; ‘Abdu’l-Baha
|1926 26 Dec
||Howard MacNutt, Disciple of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá, passes away in Florida in a road accident. [SEBW42]
- For details of his life see SEBW35–42
||Howard MacNutt; Disciple of ‘Abdu’l-Baha; In Memoriam
|1927 14 Sep
||Dr George Augur, Disciple of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá, passes away in Hawaii. [SBR198]
- For the story of his life see SBR187–98.
||Dr George Augur; Disciple of ‘Abdu’l-Baha
|1929 11 Feb
||William ‘Harry’ Randall, Disciple of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá, dies.
- For Shoghi Effendi’s obituary of him see BW3:213.
||William ‘Harry’ Randall; Disciple of ‘Abdu’l-Baha
|1930 17 Nov
||Ethel Rosenberg, (b.6 August, 1858, Bath) Apostle of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá, ‘England’s outstanding Bahá’í pioneer worker’, passes away in London. [BW4:118–19; ER274–5]
She became a Bahá’í around 1899 and went on her first pilgrimage in 1901. While ‘Abdu’l-Bahá was in London, Ethel Rosenberg was His social secretary, arranging appointments for the Master. ‘Abdu’l-Bahá asked Ethel Rosenberg and a number of other people to form a committee to decide what to do about collecting funds and publishing Bahá’í books. Their first published book was ‘Abdu’l-Bahá in London. She made her third pilgrimage in November 1921, but arrived
just after ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s passing. Shoghi
Effendi sent her home with instructions
to call for the election the first National
Spiritual Assembly of England. She served
on this body for a number of years.
Shoghi Effendi named her an ‘Apostle of
‘Abdu’l-Bahá’. [In the Footsteps of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá p9]
- For her obituary see BW4:262–3.
- See also Weinberg, Ethel Jenner Rosenberg and SEBW55–64.
||Ethel Rosenberg; Disciple of ‘Abdu’l-Baha; In Memoriam; Apostle of
|1938 15 Mar
||Mary Virginia Thornburgh-Cropper (Maryam Khánum), the first Bahá’í of the British Isles, passes away in Kensington, London.
known to her friends as Minnie and first heard
of the Bahá’í Faith in 1898 when she was 41.
She was an American living in London and
had been married to an Englishman.
Shortly after reading about the Báb in an
encyclopedia, by coincidence, she was invited
by her friend Phoebe Hearst to be part of
the first group of Western Bahá’í pilgrims to
visit ‘Abdu’l-Bahá in the Holy Land.
She is considered to be the first person to
become a Bahá’í in the UK and throughout
her life was a very active member of the
community. She was a member of the first
elected National Spiritual Assembly of
England (later Great Britain).
She made her motor-car available to
‘Abdu’l-Bahá during His visits.
[SBR30, BW4p375, In the Footsteps of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá p9]
- For details of her life see BSR17–30.
- For her obituary see BW8:649–51.
- Notes: It is possibly she, rather than her mother, Mrs Thornburgh, who is referred to as a Disciple of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá in BW3:84–5. The picture is not that of Mrs Thornburgh-Cropper.
||Mary Virginia Thornburgh-Cropper; Disciple of ‘Abdu’l-Baha; In Memoriam
|1971 26 – 28 Nov
||The fiftieth anniversary of the passing of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá is commemorated. [BW15:125–8; VV14]
- For text of the letters of the Universal House of Justice see BW15:125–6 and MUHJ76–7.
||fiftieth anniversary of the passing of ‘Abdu’l-Baha
||The northeast and southeast quadrants of the gardens at Bahjí are completed and the southern gardens are extended to ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s Tea House.
||Bahji; ‘Abdu’l-Baha’s Tea House