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Search for tag "Ages"

from the chronology

date event locations tags see also
1842 Aug The marriage of Siyyid `Alí Muhammad (the Báb) in Shíráz to Khadíjih-Bagum (b. 1821) the daughter of Mirzá 'Ali, a merchant of Shiraz. [B46; BBD28, 127; BKG402; RB2:382, DoH107]
  • See B80 for a reproduction of the marriage certificate.
Shiraz; Iran Siyyid Ali Muhammad; Bab, Family of; Marriages; Khadijih Bagum
1844. 22 May Declaration of the Báb's Mission

Two hours and eleven minutes after sunset Siyyid `Alí-Muhammad makes His declaration to Mullá Husayn-i-Bushrú'í.

  • See SI231 for information on the anticipated return of the Hidden Imam. See BBR2pg42-3 and DB57 for a list of signs by which the Promised One would be known.
  • See BW5p600-4 for a brief biography of William Miller the founder of the Adventist sect who, after intense study of the Bible, had predicted the return of Christ on March 21, 1844. See BW5p604 for mention of other Christians who made similar predictions.
  • See DB383 and BBR2pg25 for information on Mulla Husayn-i-Bushru’i. See CoB110 for the significance of the first believer.
  • See SBBH1:14 for a possible explanation for Mullá Husayn's presence in Shíráz at this time.
  • Nabíl-i-A`zam relates that Mullá Husayn was welcomed at the Báb's mansion by Mubárak, His Ethiopian servant. [DB53]
  • He reveals the first chapter of the Qayyúmu'l-Asmá' (the Commentary on the Súrih of Joseph. The entire text will later be translated by Táhirih. [B19–21; BBD190–1; BBRSM14–15; BKG28; BW12:85–8; BWMF16; DB52–65, 264, 216, BBR2pg14-15, GPB23, 73; MH56–71; SBBH17, HotD30]
  • Bahá'u'lláh has described this book as being `the first, the greatest, and mightiest of all books' in the Bábí Dispensation. [GPB23]
  • See SBBH5pg1 for discussion on the Qayyumu’l-Asma’.
  • This text was the most widely circulated of all the Báb's writings and came to be regarded as the Bábí Qur'an for almost the entirety of His mission. [BBRSM32]
  • This date marks the end of the Adamic Cycle of approximately six thousand years and the beginning of the Bahá'í Cycle or Cycle of Fulfilment. [BBD9, 35, 72; GPB100] Shoghi Effendi is quoted as saying that this is the second most important anniversary on the Bahá'í calendar. ZK320
  • The beginning of the Apostolic, Heroic or Primitive Age. [BBD35, 67]
  • See MH86–7 for an explanation of the implication of the word `Báb' to the Shí'í Muslims.
  • Three stages of the Báb's Revelation:
    1. He chooses the title `Báb' and Mullá Husayn is given the title Bábu'l-Báb (the gate of the Gate).
    2. In the second year of the Revelation (from His confinement in the house of His uncle in Shíráz) He takes the title of Siyyid-i-dhikr (dhikr means `remembrance of God') and gives the title `Báb' to Mullá Husayn. At Fort Tabarsí Mullá Husayn is called `Jináb-i Báb' by his companions.
    3. At His public declaration the Báb declares Himself to be the promised Qá'im. [MH87–8]
Shiraz; Iran Siyyid Ali-Muhammad; Bab, Declaration of; Holy days; Mulla Husayn-i-Bushrui; Qayyumul-Asma (book); Surih of Joseph; Tahirih; Bab, Life of; Cycles; Ages (time); Qaim; Promised One; - Basic timeline; Mubarak
1863 22 Apr Thirty–one days after Naw-Rúz, which in this year falls on 22 March, Bahá'u'lláh leaves His house for the last time and walks to the Najíbíyyih Garden, afterwards known as the Garden of Ridván (Paradise).
  • See BKG168, GPB149, RB1:260–1 and SA234–5 for details of His walk.
  • For the first time, He wears a tall táj as a symbol of His station. [BBD221; BKG176; GPB152]

    Bahá'u'lláh enters the Garden just as the call to afternoon prayer is being made. [GPB149; RB1:261]

On this day Bahá'u'lláh declares His mission to a few of His disciples. [RB1:260, 262]

  • ‘Of the exact circumstances … we, alas, are but scantily informed.' [BKG173; GPB153]
  • For such details as are known, see BKG173–5 and GPB153.
  • For the import of the event, see BKG169–73; G27–35; GBP153–5.
  • This initiates the holy day of the First Day of Ridván, to be celebrated on 21 April. [BBD196]
  • This marks the end of the dispensation of the Báb and of the first epoch of the Heroic or Apostolic Age of the Bahá'í dispensation. [BBD72, 79]

On the same day Bahá'u'lláh makes three important statements to His followers:

  1. He forbids the use of the sword.
  2. He states that no other Manifestations will appear before one thousand years. This is later reiterated in the Kitáb-i-Badí‘ and in The Kitáb-i-Aqdas.
  3. He states that, as from this moment, all the names and attributes of God are manifested within all created things, implying the advent of a new Day. [RB1:278–80]

On the afternoon of Bahá'u'lláh's arrival at the Garden He reveals the Lawh-i-Ayyúb for Hájí Muhammad-i-Taqíy-i-Nayrízí. [SA239]

During the 12 days in the Ridván Garden Bahá'u'lláh confides to ‘Abdu'l-Bahá that He is ‘Him Whom God shall make manifest'. [CH82]

  • See CH82–3 for the effect of this announcement on ‘Abdu'l-Bahá.
Baghdad; Iraq Naw-Ruz; Bahaullah, Life of; Bahaullah, Declaration of; Ridvan garden; Najibiyyih Garden; Ages (time); Lawh-i-Ayyub; Haji Muhammad-i-Taqiy-i-Nayrizi; Abdul-Baha, Life of; - Basic timeline; Firsts, Other
1921 28 Nov The Ascension of `Abdu'l-Bahá: `Abdu'l-Bahá passes away at about 1:00 a.m., in Haifa. [AB452; BBD4; BBR347; GPB311; UD170]
  • For details of His passing see AB452, BW1:19-23; BW15:113-15 and GPB310-11.
  • This marks the end of the Apostolic, Heroic or Primitive Age of the Bahá'í Faith and the beginning of the Transitional Formative or Iron Age. [BBD35-6]
  • For a photograph of the cable sent announcing His passing see SW12, 15:245.
  • See The Passing of 'Abdu'l-Bahá by Shoghi Effendi and Lady Blomfield.
  • For a pen portrait of 'Abdu'l-Bahá see The Oriental Rose by Mary Hanford Ford pg 158-159
  • Also see AB452-83; HLS93-100.
  • See GPB309-320 for a summation of the events that took place in the lifetime of 'Abdu'l-Bahá, during the Heroic Age of the Faith.
Haifa Abdul-Baha, Passing of; Ages (time); Heroic Age; Formative Age; Abdul-Baha, Life of; - Basic timeline

from the main catalogue

  1. Ages and Cycles, by Moojan Momen (1995). Overview of the ideas of specific cycles and periods of time in Baha'i belief. [about]
  2. Archeology of the Kingdom of God, The, by Jean-Marc Lepain (2015). Analysis of the spiritual worlds as depicted in philosophical and religious texts, from ancient the Greek to Jewish, Christian and Muslim thought, contrasted with the theosophy, metaphysics, anthropology, and hermeneutics of Baha'u'llah and 'Abdu'l-Baha. [about]
  3. Bahá'í Era / Gregorian Calendar correlated to Ages, Epochs, and Plans (2014). A chart showing the Baha'i Era (years 1-179) and their A.D. equivalent (1844-2022), and their division into epochs and plans. [about]
  4. Constitution of the Universal House of Justice, by Universal House of Justice (1972). [about]
  5. Creation: The Nature of God and the Creation of the Universe in Bahá'í Cosmology, by Keven Brown (2003). [about]
  6. Formative Age of Our Faith, Significance of the, by Shoghi Effendi, in Compilation of Compilations, Volume 2 (1991). [about]
  7. Insights from the First Century of the Formative Age, Some, by Paul Lample, in Journal of Bahá'í Studies, 23:1-4 (2013). On the Covenant from a historical perspective; authority and powers of the UHJ; learning within an evolving framework for action; organic growth and development; relationships among individuals, communities, and institutions; and society-building power. [about]
  8. Introduction to the Lawh-i Haqqu'n-Nas, An, by Jean-Marc Lepain, in Online Journal of Bahá'í Studies, 1 (2007). Summary of the tablet Lawh-i Haqqu’n-Nas, Tablet of the "Right of the People," on the metaphorical character of this world. [about]
  9. Japan Will Turn Ablaze!, by Abdu'l-Bahá and Shoghi Effendi (1992). Tablets of `Abdu'l-Bahá, letters of Shoghi Effendi and the Universal House of Justice, and historical notes about Japan. [about]
  10. Letter to the World's Religious Leaders, by Universal House of Justice (2002). On historic challenges that leaders of religion must respond to, if spiritual leadership is to have meaning in the new global society. [about]
  11. Messages from the Universal House of Justice: 1986-2001, by Universal House of Justice (2009). [about]
  12. Messages from the Universal House of Justice 1963-86, by Universal House of Justice (1996). [about]
  13. Messages from the Universal House of Justice 1968-1973, by Universal House of Justice (1976). [about]
  14. Messages to the Antipodes (Australasia), by Shoghi Effendi (1997). [about]
  15. Mysteries of Alast: The Realm of Subtle Entities and the Primordial Covenant in the Babi-Bahá'í Writings, by Farshid Kazemi, in Bahá'í Studies Review, 15 (2009). One of the more esoteric concepts in Shi'i and Shaykhi thought is the "realm of subtle entities," 'ālam-i dharr, a sort of pre-existence for the archetype of humanity, which is relevant to free will and the seven stages of creation. [about]
  16. Naw-Rúz 2009: Bahá'í Era 166, by Universal House of Justice (2009). A message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  17. One Common Faith, by Universal House of Justice (2005). Review of relevant passages from both the writings of Bahá'u'lláh and the scriptures of other faiths against the background of contemporary crises. [about]
  18. Pioneering Over Four Epochs: The Heroic Age: The First Epoch: 1844-1853: Section VII Poetry, by Ron Price, in Pioneering Over Four Epochs: An Autobiographical Study and a Study in Autobiography (2007). [about]
  19. Promise of World Peace, by Universal House of Justice (1985). A document distributed to many politicians and prominent individuals since its writing in 1985, it was the first official public statement made by the Universal House of Justice since its inception in 1963. [about]
  20. Research Department, Functions of; Etymologies of three terms, by Universal House of Justice (1988). Two questions: (1) what is the function of the Research Department, and (2) etymologies of the three terms "world of exemplars," "'álam," and "barzakh." [about]
  21. Ridvan, by John Walbridge, in Sacred Acts, Sacred Space, Sacred Time: Bahá'í Studies volume 1 (1995). Two versions of a short article about the 12-day Baha'i festival. [about]
  22. Ridván 1964: Bahá'í Era 121, by Universal House of Justice (1964). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  23. Ridván 1965: Bahá'í Era 122, by Universal House of Justice (1965). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  24. Ridván 1966: Bahá'í Era 123, by Universal House of Justice (1966). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  25. Ridván 1967: Bahá'í Era 124, by Universal House of Justice (1967). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  26. Ridvan 1968: Bahá'í Era 125, by Universal House of Justice (1968). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  27. Ridván 1969: Bahá'í Era 126, by Universal House of Justice (1969). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  28. Ridván 1970: Bahá'í Era 127, by Universal House of Justice (1970). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  29. Ridván 1971: Bahá'í Era 128, by Universal House of Justice (1971). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  30. Ridván 1972: Bahá'í Era 129, by Universal House of Justice (1972). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  31. Ridván 1973: Bahá'í Era 130, by Universal House of Justice (1973). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  32. Ridvan 1974 (Naw-Rúz): Bahá'í Era 131, by Universal House of Justice (1974). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  33. Ridvan 1975: Bahá'í Era 132, by Universal House of Justice (1975). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  34. Ridvan 1976 (Naw-Rúz): Bahá'í Era 133, by Universal House of Justice (1976). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  35. Ridván 1977: Bahá'í Era 134, by Universal House of Justice (1977). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  36. Ridvan 1978: Bahá'í Era 135, by Universal House of Justice (1978). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world, and message to the friends gathered at National Bahá'í Conventions. [about]
  37. Ridvan 1979 (Naw-Rúz): Bahá'í Era 136, by Universal House of Justice (1979). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world, on the launching of the Seven Year Plan and elucidation of the Seven Year Plan goals. [about]
  38. Ridvan 1980: Bahá'í Era 137, by Universal House of Justice (1980). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  39. Ridvan 1981: Bahá'í Era 138, by Universal House of Justice (1981). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  40. Ridván 1982: Bahá'í Era 139, by Universal House of Justice (1982). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  41. Ridván 1983: Bahá'í Era 140, by Universal House of Justice (1983). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  42. Ridván 1984: Bahá'í Era 141, by Universal House of Justice (1984). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  43. Ridván 1985: Bahá'í Era 142, by Universal House of Justice (1985). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  44. Ridván 1986: Bahá'í Era 143, by Universal House of Justice (1986). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  45. Ridván 1987: Bahá'í Era 144, by Universal House of Justice (1987). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  46. Ridván 1988: Bahá'í Era 145, by Universal House of Justice (1988). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  47. Ridvan 1989: Bahá'í Era 146, by Universal House of Justice (1989). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  48. Ridvan 1990: Bahá'í Era 147, by Universal House of Justice (1990). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  49. Ridvan 1991: Bahá'í Era 148, by Universal House of Justice (1991). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  50. Ridván 1992: Bahá'í Era 149, by Universal House of Justice (1992). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  51. Ridván 1993: Bahá'í Era 150, by Universal House of Justice (1993). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  52. Ridván 1994: Bahá'í Era 151, by Universal House of Justice (1994). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  53. Ridván 1995: Bahá'í Era 152, by Universal House of Justice (1995). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  54. Ridván 1996: Outline, by Foad Shodjai (1996). Summary of this letter, in outline format. [about]
  55. Ridván 1996 (Four Year Plan): Message to the Counsellors, by Universal House of Justice (1995). Letter to the Counsellors, preceding the annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  56. Ridván 1996 (Four Year Plan): Bahá'í Era 153, by Universal House of Justice (1996). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  57. Ridván 1996 (Four Year Plan) - To the Followers of Bahá'u'lláh (in Australia and the Pacific): Bahá'í Era 153, by Universal House of Justice (1996). Country-specific portion of the annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world: South Pacific. [about]
  58. Ridván 1996 (Four Year Plan) - To the Followers of Bahá'u'lláh in Cambodia, Hong Kong, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Macau, Malaysia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, and Vietnam: Bahá'í Era 153, by Universal House of Justice (1996). Country-specific portion of the annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world: East Asia. [about]
  59. Ridván 1996 (Four Year Plan) - To the Followers of Bahá'u'lláh in North America: Alaska, Canada, Greenland and the United States: Bahá'í Era 153, by Universal House of Justice (1996). Country-specific portion of the annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world: North America. [about]
  60. Ridván 1996 (Four Year Plan) - To the Followers of Bahá'u'lláh in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Sri Lanka: Bahá'í Era 153, by Universal House of Justice (1996). Country-specific portion of the annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world: South-east Asia. [about]
  61. Ridván 1996 (Four Year Plan) - To the Followers of Bahá'u'lláh in Western and Central Asia: Bahá'í Era 153, by Universal House of Justice (1996). Country-specific portion of the annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world: Asia. [about]
  62. Ridván 1996 (Four Year Plan) - To the Followers of Bahá'u'lláh (in Latin America and the Caribbean): Bahá'í Era 153, by Universal House of Justice (1996). Country-specific portion of the annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world: South America. [about]
  63. Ridván 1996 (Four Year Plan) - To the Followers of Bahá'u'lláh in Africa: Bahá'í Era 153, by Universal House of Justice (1996). Country-specific portion of the annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world: Africa. [about]
  64. Ridván 1996 (Four Year Plan) - To the Followers of Bahá'u'lláh in Europe: Bahá'í Era 153, by Universal House of Justice (1996). Country-specific portion of the annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world: Europe. [about]
  65. Ridván 1997: Bahá'í Era 154, by Universal House of Justice (1997). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  66. Ridván 1998: Bahá'í Era 155, by Universal House of Justice (1998). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  67. Ridván 1999: Bahá'í Era 156, by Universal House of Justice (1999). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  68. Ridvan 2000: Study Outline, by Arjen Bolhuis (2000). Short summary and outline of the Ridván 2000 message of the Universal House of Justice. [about]
  69. Ridván 2000: Bahá'í Era 157, by Universal House of Justice (2000). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  70. Ridvan 2001: Study Guide, by Lal Fernando and Dheena Fernando (2001). Summary and key points of this Message. [about]
  71. Ridvan 2001: Bahá'í Era 158, by Universal House of Justice (2001). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  72. Ridvan 2002: Bahá'í Era 159, by Universal House of Justice (2002). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  73. Ridván 2003: Bahá'í Era 160, by Universal House of Justice (2003). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  74. Ridvan 2004: Bahá'í Era 161, by Universal House of Justice (2004). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  75. Ridvan 2005: Bahá'í Era 162, by Universal House of Justice (2007). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  76. Ridvan 2006: Bahá'í Era 163, by Universal House of Justice (2006). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  77. Ridván 2007: Bahá'í Era 164, by Universal House of Justice (2007). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  78. Ridvan 2008: Bahá'í Era 165, by Universal House of Justice (2008). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  79. Ridván 2009: Bahá'í Era 166, by Universal House of Justice (2009). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  80. Ridván 2010: Bahá'í Era 167, by Universal House of Justice (2010). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  81. Ridvan 2010 comments, by Paul Lample (2010). Reflections on the 2010 Ridvan letter and the teaching plans, delivered in Foundation Hall at the Bahá'í House of Worship in Wilmette. [about]
  82. Ridván 2011: Bahá'í Era 168, by Universal House of Justice (2011). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  83. Ridván 2012: Bahá'í Era 169, by Universal House of Justice (2012). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  84. Ridvan 2013: Bahá'í Era 170, by Universal House of Justice (2013). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  85. Ridvan 2014: Bahá'í Era 171, by Universal House of Justice (2014). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  86. Ridvan Message from the US National Spiritual Assembly, by National Spiritual Assembly of the Bahá'ís of the United States (2007). An annual report/summary of activities, with discussion of low enrollments. [about]
  87. Selections from the Bahá'í Writings and from Shaykh Ahmad on the Seven Stages of Creation (2008). Collection of quotations from The Bab, Baha'u'llah, and Shaykh Ahmad, with footnotes, on the 7 stages of Divine action: Will, Determination, Destiny, Decree, Permission, Term, and Book. [about]
  88. Short Obligatory Prayer in Conlangs (2014). Provisional translation of the Baha'i prayer in Esperanto, Klingon, Interlingua, and 10 other "constructed languages." [about]
  89. Turning Point: Selected Messages of the Universal House of Justice and Supplementary Material 1996–2006, by Universal House of Justice (2006). Forty-three letters, plans, and documents covering the Four-Year Plan of 1996-2000. [about]
  90. Wellspring of Guidance: Messages of the Universal House of Justice 1963-68, by Universal House of Justice, First Revised Edition (1969). Collection of letters from the first years after the creation of the Universal House of Justice. [about]
  91. Wider Horizon: Selected Messages of the Universal House of Justice 1983-1992, by Universal House of Justice (1992). [about]
  92. Wondrous New Day, A: The Numerology of Creation and 'All Things' in the Badí' Calendar, by Robin Mihrshahi (2004). Symbolism in the Baha'i-era calendar, some Shaykhí origins of the Báb’s cosmology and ontology, and how these Shaykhí concepts find symbolic expression in the structure and organization of the Badí‘ calendar. [about]
 
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