|1855. 15 Oct 1855 or 1856
||Birth of Robert Turner, first black American Bahá'í.
||USA; America; United States
||Robert Turner; Bahá'í
|1862 – 1868
||Hájí Mírzá Muhammad-‘Alí, a cousin of the Báb, lives in Shanghai during this period. This is the first record of a Bábí or Bahá'í living in China. [PH24]
- From 1870 he lived in Hong Kong dealing as a merchant and was joined by his brother, Hájí Mírzá Muhammad Husayn. [PH24]
|Shanghai; Hong Kong; China
||Haji Mirza Muhammad-‘Ali; cousin; Bab; Babi; Baha'i; Haji Mirza Muhammad Husayn
||About a hundred Bahá'ís are arrested in Tabríz following a disturbance in which a Bábí is killed. [BBR251–3; BW18:382]
||Tabríz; Iran; Persia
||Baha'i; arrest; Babi
|1866. 1 Dec
||Birth of Marion Jack, prominent Bahá'í travel teacher, pioneer and artist, known affectionately as ‘General jack' for her services to the Bahá'í community, in Saint John, New Brunswick.
See LDG1:217 for information on her pioneer work.
|Saint John; New Brunswick; Canada
||Marion Jack; Bahá'í; pioneer; General jack
|1867. Jan or Feb
||Mírzá Muhammad-‘Alí, a Bahá'í physician, is executed in Zanján. [BBR253; BKG238; BW18:383]
Áqá Najaf-‘Alíy-i-Zanjání, a disciple of Hujjat, is executed in Tihrán. [BBR254; BW18:383]
||Mírzá Muhammad-‘Alí; Bahá'í; physician; executed; Áqá Najaf-‘Alíy-i-Zanjání; Hujjat
||Tablets, Communes and Holy Utterances, a collection of writings by Bahá'u'lláh, is published in the United States. [BFA2:26]
- It is the first prayer book and first compilation of Bahá'í writings published in the West. [BFA2:26]
- It was probably translated by Anton Haddad and published by the Behais Supply and Publishing Board. [BFA2:26]
||Tablets; Communes and Holy Utterances; Anton Haddad; Behais Supply and Publishing Board; Sarah Farmer; Green Acre; Baha'i summer school; Publishing Trust
|1907 31 Mar
||The Bahá'í calendar is used in North America for the first time. BFA2:247–8]
||The Bahá'í Publishing Society is founded in Chicago. [BW10:179]
||Baha'i Publishing Society; Publishing Trust
|1910 21 Mar
||The first issue of the Bahá'í News is published in Chicago. [BFA2:XVII; BW10:179]
- See BFA2:320–2, BW8:927 and SBBH1:116–17 for the magazine's development.
- It is the first Bahá'í magazine published in the West. [BBD2 14]
- Star of the West is published as Bahá'í News (Volume 1, Issues 1-19 from 21 March, 1910 until 2 March, 1911) and later under Star of the West /The Bahá'í Magazine (Volume 2 to Volume 25, 21 March, 1911 until 25 March,1935).
- Its editors were Albert Windust and Gertrude Buikema. Others involved with its publication over its history were Albert and Emily Vail, Dr. Zia Bagdadi, Ahmad Sohrab, Edna M. True; with Horace Holley and Stanwood Cobb being singled out as early contributors. [Duane Troxel]
For an access to the Star of the West archives see http://www.starofthewest.info/. This site is not searchable.
||Star of the West; Baha'i News; Baha'i Magazine
|1912 2 May
||Talk at Hotel Plaza, Chicago, Illinois, [PUP72]
Talk to Federation of Women’s Clubs,
Hotel La Salle, Chicago, Illinois.
Talk at Bahá’í Women’s Reception,
Hotel La Salle, Chicago, Illinois.
Talk at Hotel Plaza,
Talk at Hotel Plaza,
||Abdul-Baha, Travels of; Plaza Hotel; Federation of Women's Clubs; Baha'i Women's Reception
|1915 19-25 Apr
The Panama-Pacific International Exposition is held in San Francisco and the 24th of April is declared International Bahá'í Congress Day. [BW8:797-808]
||International Baha'i Congress; Panama-Pacific International Exposition
||The first Norwegian to accept the Faith, Johanna Christensen-Schubarth, `the mother of the Norwegian Bahá'í Community', becomes a Bahá'í in the United States. [BW12:694-6].
||Johanna Christensen-Schubarth; the mother of the Norwegian Baha'i Community
||An article entitled `Bahai Organization: Its Basis in the Revealed Word' appears in Star of the West. [SW13, 12:323-8]
- The purpose of the article is to convince those who are opposed to a structured form of Bahá'í administration. [BBRSM123]
||Bahai Organization; Star of the West; Baha'i administration; Opposition
|1923 12 Mar
||Shoghi Effendi writes to Bahá'ís in America, Great Britain, Germany, France, Switzerland, Italy, Japan and Australasia about Bahá'í administration, outlining the process for annual elections of assemblies and calling for the establishment of local and national funds. [BA34-43; PP330]
- See ER223-4 for the response of the British Bahá'ís.
||Shoghi Effendi; Baha'i administration; annual elections; local and national funds
|1924 24 Dec
||The first Bahá'í News Letter, forerunner of Bahá'í News, is published in New York by the National Assembly of the United States and Canada with Horace Holly as the editor. [BBRSM122; BW10:180; BW13:856; SBR232]
- For links to the publications see entry at 1990-10-00.
||Baha'i News Letter; Baha'i News; Horace Holly
||The publication of Bahá'í Administration, a collection of communications to the American Bahá'í community from the Guardian between 1922 and 1929. Revisions were published in 1933, 1936,1941 and 1945. Additional messages and an expanded index was added in 1968. [WOBpv, BAiv]
||A ceremony is held at the American annual convention in dedication of the resumption of the building activities on the Wilmette Temple. [BBRSM183; BW3:47]
- Shoghi Effendi’s gift to the Temple is ‘the most valuable sacred possession in the Holy Land’ a ‘precious ornament of the Tomb of Bahá’u’lláh’, an exquisite Persian carpet. [BA180–1; BW4:208–12]
||annual convention; Baha'i Temple; Tomb of Baha’u’llah; gift; Mashriqu'l-Adhkar
|1947 1 Feb
||Reflecting the unity in diversity highly valued by the Baha'i community, Amin Banani, Mildred Mottahedeh, Hilda Yen, and Matthew Bullock presented the statement "A Baha'i Declaration of Human Obligations and Rights" to the UN, which ended by quoting a well-known passage by Baha'u'llah: "The earth is but one country, and mankind its citizens."
Amin Banani was an influential scholar; Mildred Mottahedeh was a member of the International Baha'i Council from 1961-63 and later a representative of the BIC for many years; Hilda Yen was a leading figure in Chinese-American society who worked as a diplomat for many years; and Matthew Bullock was a Knight of Baha'u'llah for the Dutch West Indies, on this day was also a Knight for the Netherlands Antilles, and later a representative of the BIC. [BWNS1172]
||UN; United Nations; Amin Banani; Mildred Mottahedeh; Hilda Yen; Matthew Bullock; BIC; Baha'i International Community
|1951 9 Jan
||Shoghi Effendi announced the formation of the International Bahá'í Council. [MBW7,8]
Proclaim National Assemblies of East and West weighty epoch-making decision of formation of first International Bahá'í Council, forerunner of supreme administrative institution destined to emerge in fullness of time within precincts beneath shadow of World Spiritual Center of Faith already established in twin cities of 'Akká and Haifa....
Between 1951 and 1957 Shoghi Effendi directed the members and used the Council to create an image of an international body handling the Bahá'í affairs in Haifa. According to Shoghi Effendi, the Council's responsibilities were to:
- See UD261 for the significance of the establishment of the International Bahá'í Council.
||International Baha'i Council
||The National Convention of the Bahá'ís of Central America was scheduled to be held in a prestigious hotel in San Jose, Costa Rica. When a distinguish believer, Mr Matthew Bullock, was not allowed to register at the hotel because of his race, the National Assembly moved the Convention to another venue and registered guests moved to small pensions rather than staying at the hotel. [SDSC65]
- Matthew Bullock was one of the early African-American believers in the United States. He became an enrolled believer in 1940 after 15 years of knowledge of the Faith. In 1952 he was elected to the National Spiritual Assembly and along with fellow NSA member Elsie Austin, represented that institution at the first Intercontinental Teaching Conference in Uganda in 1953. [LoS108, SDSC102]
|San Jose; Costa Rica
||National Convention; Regional Assembly of the Baha'is of Central America; Matthew Bullock; Elsie Austin
|1953 20 Jun
||Shoghi Effendi designates the Maxwell home in Montreal as a Shrine. [MtC179]
||Shoghi Effendi; Baha'i Shrine; Montreal Shrine
|1953 20 Nov
||The formation of the Israel Branch of the Bahá'ís of Canada.
||Israel Branch of the Baha'is of Canada
|1958 21–28 Nov
||The Second Conclave of the Hands of the Cause convenes at Bahjí. [BW13:347–8; MC118]
- It is attended by 25 of the 27 Hands of the Cause. [BW13:347; MC118]
- The Hands of the Cause call for the election of the Universal House of Justice at the time of the Most Great Jubilee in 1963. BBRSM129; BW13:351; MC122]
||Bahá'í; Hand of the Cause; Most Great Jubilee
|1974 13 July
||The dedication of the Bosch Bahá'í School north of Santa Cruz, California. (Bosch Bahá'í School site, Bahá'´News page 716]
||Santa Cruz; California
||Bosch Baha'i School
|1974 13 Jul
||The dedication of the John Bosch Bahá'í Summer School in Santa Cruz, California. [Bosch web site]
||Santa Cruz; California
||John Bosch Baha'i Summer School
||The Bahá'í Faith, along with many other religious groups, are banned in Uganda. [BWNS135]
||Baha'i Faith; ban
||The first National Bahá’í Children’s Conference of Samoa takes place. [BW17:211]
||Baha'i Children's Conference
|1983. 24 Feb
||The inauguration of the Bahá'í Vocational Institute for Rural Women at Indore, India. It offers rural women residential courses on literacy, health care and income generating skills. The success of this school was recognized in 1992 when it won one of the Global 500 Environmental Action awards that was presented at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro [The Baha'ismagazine].
||Baha'i Vocational Institute for Rural Women
||The establishment of the Bahá'í International Community's Office of the Environment in New York. Ridván Message 1992 [AWH75; VV54 106]
||Baha'i International Community's Office of the Environment
||The inaugural publication of One Country, the newsletter of the Bahá'í International Community. It is a publication of the Office of Public Information of the Bahá'í International Community in New York. The periodical reports mainly on activities of the worldwide Bahá'í community in relation to issues of sustainable development, peace and world order, human rights, and the advancement of women. [BW'86-‘92 p.539]
||New York; U.S.; Paris; France
||One Country; newsletter; Baha'i International Community
||One Country, the newsletter of the Bahá'í International Community, now published in five other languages - French, Spanish, Chinese, Russian, and German. The first French language edition of the publication was launched in Paris in October, 1989. Each issue contains two or three in-depth feature stories on the United Nations, noteworthy social and economic development projects, environmental efforts or educational programs, along with an editorial that addresses world problems from a Bahá'í point of view.
||Baha'i International Community; One Country
||The founding of the European Bahá'í Business Forum as an informal network. Their goal is exploring how to contribute to a more prosperous, just and sustainable civilization, through their daily work and discourse. [EBBF]
||Baha'i Business Forum
||The University of Maryland announced its decision to establish "The Bahá'í Chair for World Peace" in its Centre for International Development and Conflict Management. In 1992 Professor Suheil Bushrú’í was named as the first scholar to hold the Chair. [AWH76; VV108]
||University of Maryland; Baha'i Chair for World Peace; Centre for International Development and Conflict Management; Suheil Bushru’i
||The Asian Buddhist Conference for Peace was held in Mongolia.
- A representative of the International Bahá'í Community was the only non-Buddhist speaker invited to address a public meeting held in conjunction with the conference. [AWH88] [VV101]
||Asian Buddhist Conference for Peace; International Baha'i Community
||The Bahá'í International Community, through the Office of the Environment in collaboration with other environmental organizations, re-instituted the annual World Forestry Charter Gathering that had be founded in 1945 by Richard St. Barbe Baker. [AWH75] [VV106]
||Baha'i International Community; World Forestry Charter Gathering; Richard St. Barbe Baker
||A branch of the Bahá'í International Community's United Nations Office for the Pacific region was opened in Suva, Fiji. [AWH76; VV54]
||Baha'i International Community
|1990 26 Jan
||The Bahá'í Chair for World Peace is established at the University of Maryland's Centre for International Development and Conflict Management at the official signing of the Memorandum of Understanding. [AWH76; BINS217:7; VV108]
- Professor Suheil Bushrui is appointed to the Chair in 1992.
- For picture see VV108.
|Maryland; United States
||Baha'i Chair World Peace; Suheil Bushrui
|1990 9 Apr
||The first professorial Chair in Bahá'í Studies is established at Indore University, India. [BINS222:8; VV108]
||Chair Baha'i Studies; Devi Ahilya University
||The publication of the last issue of the Bahá'í News by the National Spiritual Assembly of the United States after nearly 70 years of uninterrupted service. [CBN Feb1991pg15]
- Issues 1 to 40 were published under the name Bahá'í News Letter. Subsequent issues, from #41 to #714, were entitled simply Bahá'í News.
Subscribers in the United States received an insert entitled US Supplement from 1958 to 1967 and the name of the insert was changed to National Bahá'í Review from 1968 until the Bahá'í News discontinued publication in 1990.
||Baha'i News; Baha'i News Letter
||A Chair for Bahá'í Studies was established at the University of Indore, India. [VV108]
||Chair for Baha'i Studies; University of Indore
||The International Bahá'í Community's Office for the Advancement of Women established in New York. [VV54]
||International Baha'i Community; Office for the Advancement of Women
|1992 2 – 5 Jan
||The first European Conference on Bahá'í Activities in Universities is held in Brno, Czechoslovakia. [BINS263:2]
- BINS290:2 gives a second report of this event, incorrectly implying it was held in January 1993.
||European Conference on Baha'i Activities in Universities
|1992 3 – 6 Feb
||The Association of Bahá'í Publishers and Distributors is established at a Bahá'í Publishers' Conference in Oakham, England, with its headquarters in the Netherlands. [BINS273:4-5; VV71]
||Publishing Trust; Baha'i Publishers' Conference
|1992 5 Jun
||The Bahá'í Vocational Institute for Rural Women, a non-profit education project based in Indore, India, is one of 74 individuals and institutions presented with the United Nations Environment Programme ‘Global 500' award in Rio de Janeiro. [BINS272:5; BW92–3:125; VV110]
- For picture see BW92–3:183.
|Rio de Janeiro; Brazil
||Baha'i Vocational Institute for Rural Women; United Nations Environment Programme ‘Global 500' award
|1992 19 - 22 Jun
||Graduation ceremonies were held for the thirty-eight members of the first graduating class of the Maxwell International Bahá'í School. More than seven hundred participated in the ceremonies. ["Maxwell Eagle" Sep/Oct 1992 Vol IV no. 1 page 1]
||Maxwell International Baha'i School
|1992 17 Sep
||The Bahá'í Professional Society of Hong Kong is inaugurated. [BINS292:8; BW92–3:129]
||The Baha'i Professional Society of Hong Kong
|1992 24 – 28 Oct
||The first Bahá'í Autumn School of Central Asia is held in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan, attended by more than 200 Bahá'ís and many others. [BINS284:2]
||Baha'i Autumn School of Central Asia
|1992 26 – 30 Dec
||The first National Bahá'í Winter School of Bulgaria is held in Lovech, attended by 130 Bahá'ís. [BINS286:1–2]
||Baha'i Winter School
|1993 19 Jan
||The Bahá'í Chair for World Peace at the University of Maryland is inaugurated. [BW92–3:140–1]
||Baha'i Chair for World Peace at the University of Maryland; Baha'i Chair for World Peace
|1993 19 – 21 Feb
||The first Bahá'í Winter School of Slovenia and Croatia, the first Bahá'í school to be held in Slovenia, takes place in Mozirje, Slovenia, attended by 20 adults and seven children. [BINS289:5–6]
||Mozirje; Slovenia Croatia
||Baha'i Winter School of Slovenia and Croatia
|1993 13 Mar
||Three Bahá'ís are assassinated at the Bahá'í Centre in Mdantsane, Ciskei, in a racially-motivated attack. [BW93–4:147–50]
||assassination of Baha'is
||The first European Bahá'í Medical Conference is held in De Poort, Netherlands, attended by people from 26 countries. [BW93–4:104–5]
||De Poort; Netherlands
||European Baha'i Medical Conference
|1993 24 Oct
||The establishment of the India Hindi Bahá'í Academy (The Rashtriya Bahá'í Uchcha Shiksha Sansthan) in Lucknow (Uttar Pradesh).
- It is a national institute for higher learning of the Bahá'í Faith.
- There are three courses of study, a three year Advanced Bahá'í Studies course, a two year, post-graduate, Specialised Course and short courses for 3-5 days. The study scheme employs correspondence courses and campus contact, a programme for personal clarifications for the learners’ difficulties. Two question papers are also sent to them in each semester.
- The evaluation employs a two fold method: Viva voce examination based on the study materials and practical input in the field of service. Paper presentations, self reflection in the form of stories, songs, pictures, etc., and assignments in the active service of the Faith as well as making formal speeches all form a part of the final evaluation. [Bahá'í India website]
||India Hindi Baha'i Academy (The Rashtriya Baha'i Uchcha Shiksha Sansthan)
|1993 29 - 31 Oct
||The founding conference of the Association for Bahá'í Studies in Russia is held in St Petersburg. [BINS305:5]
||St. Petersburg; Russia
||Association for Baha'i Studies in Russia; conference
|1994 May 19
||The first National Bahá'í Conference of Armenia is held in Yerevan. [BINS318:5–6]
||National Baha'i Conference of Armenia
||The Bahá'í Health Association for Central and Eastern Europe and the European Bahá'í Dental Association are formed at the second Bahá'í Health Conference held at De Poort, Netherlands. [BW94–5:116]
||De Poort; Netherlands
||Baha'i Health Conference
|1995 Jun 8 – 11
||The first European Bahá'í Conference on Law and International Order is held at De Poort Conference Centre, Netherlands. [BINS345:4]
||De Poort; Netherlands
||European Baha'i Conference on Law and International Order
|1996 15 Jan
||A Chair for Bahá'í Studies is inaugurated at the University of Lucknow. [BINS354:3]
||Chair for Baha'i Studies
|1996 9 - 11 Feb
||The first National Bahá'í Winter School of Belarus is held near Minsk. [BINS358:3]
||National Baha'i Winter School of Belarus
|1997 24-26 Oct
||The International Environment Forum was launched at the first International Bahá'í Environment Conference in de Poort, Netherlands, with participants from nine countries, who were joined electronically by people from 21 countries participating in the e-mail version of the conference.
- A BAHÁ'Í PERSPECTIVE ON THE ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT was presented by Michael Richards of the Overseas Development Institute in London.
- At the conference, the objectives, activities and structure of the Forum were agreed and statutes adopted, and a governing board of five people was elected.
- It is a Bahá'í-inspired non-governmental organization that links together Bahá'ís and others interested in the fields of environment and sustainable development. Development of the Forum has been encouraged and guided by the Bahá'í International Community, although it has no formal link with the Bahá'í administration.
|de Poort; Netherlands
||International Environment Forum; Baha'i International Community; International Baha'i Environment Conference
|1999 15 - 18 Aug
||The third conference was held Sidcot, Avon, United Kingdom, jointly with the Bahá'í Agency for Social and Economic Development - UK. It brought together 44 participants from 13 countries on 5 continents, as well as internet connection with an additional 70 "electronic" conference participants in 29 countries, for a total of 114 participants from 38 countries, including 8 in Africa. (From web site)
||Baha'i Agency for Social and Economic Development; Baha'i Agency for Social and Economic Development Conference
|2001 13 Dec
||The passing of Giovanni (Gianni) Ballerio in Geneva at the age of 58 after a battle with cancer. He was 58.
- He had been a representative of the Bahá'í International Community at the United Nations in Geneva and in New York since 1981. [One Country Vol.13 Issue 3]
||Giovanni (Gianni) Ballerio; Baha'i International Community
|2002 19 Mar
||The establishment of the seventh Bahá'í radio station in Bulac, Philippines, located in a rural district some 30 kilometers from the city of San José on the main island of Luzon.
- The station operates at 1584 kHz on the AM band, broadcasting at a power of 1,000 watts. Due to the flat topography of the region, it reaches a wide area encompassing the entire province of Nueva Ecija and a portion of Tarlac and Pangasinan provinces, with a potential listenership of more than 2.3 million people. [BWNS181]
||Baha'i radio station
|2002 21 Sep
||The dedication , at the Green Acre Bahá'í School in Eliot Maine, the oldest permanent Bahá'í school in the world, of a new classroom and lecture hall designated as The Harriet and Curtis Kelsey Center, with an attendant Manny Reimer Hall. [BWNS175]
||Green Acre; Eliot; Maine
||Green Acre; Baha'i School; The Harriet and Curtis Kelsey Center; Manny Reimer Hall; oldest permanent Baha'i school in the world
|2003 11 Mar
||Bani Dugal Gujral was appointed Principal Representative of the Bahá'í International Community to the United Nations.
- Ms. Dugal Gujral had been serving as interim Principal Representative since the resignation of Techeste Ahderom in 2001.
- Ms. Dugal Gujral came to the Bahá'í International Community in 1994 and served as Director of the Community's Office for the Advancement of Women. A native of India, where she practiced law before coming to the United States, Ms. Dugal Gujral holds a Master's degree in Environmental Law from Pace University School of Law in New York. [One Country Vol.14 Issue4]
|New York; NY
||Bani Dugal Gujral; Baha'i International Community; Office for the Advancement of Women; Techeste Ahderom; UN
|2003 4 Apr
||Given current conditions in the world the Ninth International Convention was cancelled. It had been scheduled for 29 April to 2 May. Ballots from the National Spiritual Assembly members were mailed to the World Centre. The 19 delegates that had been chosen as tellers travelled to the World Centre to count the votes. [BW'02-‘03pg37-38, BWNS202]
||International Baha'i Convention; International Convention
|2005 1 Nov
||A new Bahá'í Centre is obtained at 44 Albany Street in Edinburgh, Scotland. [BWNS347, BWNS395]
|2006 15 Jul
||The Bahá'í Academy has entered into a formal agreement with one of India's top-ranked universities to offer specialized training in education for moral development to its students, faculty, and staff. [BWNS470]
||Baha'i Academy; University of Pune
|2007. 14 Nov
||In a letter to the Students, Staff, Parents and Supporters of Maxwell International School the National Spiritual Assembly of the Bahá'ís of Canada announced that the school would close (at the end of the term). Financial considerations were cited as the reason. Maxwell had provided an accredited academic program for grades 7–12 leading to British Columbia high school graduation certification. The school had been established in 1989 as a non-profit educational institution with a strong emphasis on the performing arts. The Maxwell Dance Workshop used dance, music and drama to challenge young people to find new solutions for the issues facing their generation. The school also had an ESL (English as a Second Language) program to accommodate foreign students who came from diverse religious and cultural backgrounds.
[Maxwell International School on A-Channel News]
||Maxwell International School; Maxwell International Baha'i School; Maxwell Dance Workshop
|2011. 21 Oct
||Launch of Inciting Hatred: Iran's media campaign to demonize Baha'is. The Baha'i International Community prepared and launched a report that documents and analyses more than 400 press and media items over a 16-month period that typify an insidious state-sponsored effort to demonize and vilify Baha'is, using false accusations.
- The report is available in English and in Persian.
||Inciting Hatred: Iran's media campaign to demonize Baha'is; BIC; persecution
|2012 21 Apr
||Plans are announced for the building of the first two national Mashriqu’l-Adhkárs that are to be raised up in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Papua New Guinea. [Riḍván 2012 To the Bahá’ís of the World]
||Haifa; Israel; Democratic Republic of the Congo; Papua New Guinea;
||national Baha'i Temples; national Mashriqu’l-Adhkars; Mashriqul-Adhkar
|2012. 29 Oct
||The Baha'i International Community publishes a special report on The Baha'is of Semnan: A Case Study in Religious Hatred. This video report highlights the effect on one community of the Iranian government’s methodical and organized campaign to incite hatred against the Baha'is and eliminate them as a viable social entity.
The Baha'is of Semnan have been the focus in recent years of an intensifying persecution, facing an array of economic, physical and psychological attacks. While these types of attacks on Baha'is are not confined to Semnan, the situation there is noteworthy for its particular intensity and the mobilization and coordination of official and semi-official elements -- including the police, the courts, local officials, and the clergy.
||The Baha'is of Semnan: A Case Study in Religious Hatred
||The publication of the report entitled Violence with Impunity: Acts of Aggression Against Iran's Bahá'í Community published by the Bahá'í International Community. The report documents a rising tide of violence directed against the Iranian Bahá'í community - and the degree to which attackers enjoy complete impunity from prosecution or punishment. From 2005 through 2012, for example, there were 52 cases where Bahá'ís have been held in solitary confinement, and another 52 incidents where Bahá'ís have been physically assaulted. Some 49 incidents of arson against Bahá'í homes and shops, more than 30 cases of vandalism, and at least 42 incidents of cemetery desecration were also documented. [BWNS972]
||Violence with Impunity: Acts of Aggression Against Iran's Baha'i' Community
|2013 29 Apr – 2 May
||The Eleventh International Bahá'í Convention in Haifa and the 50th anniversary of the inaugural Convention in 1963 at which the first Universal House of Justice was elected. Those elected were Paul Lample, Firaydoun Javaheri, Payman Mohajer, Gustavo Correa, Shahriar Razavi, Stephen Birkland, Stephen Hall, Chuungu Malitonga, and Ayman Rouhani. [BWNS950, BWNS951, BWNS953]
||International Baha'i Convention; Paul Lample; Firaydoun Javaheri; Payman Mohajer; Gustavo Correa; Shahriar Razavi; Stephen Birkland; Stephen Hall; Chuungu Malitonga; Ayman Rouhani
|2013 28 Oct
||The release of the video Violence with Impunity: Acts of Aggression Against Iran's Bahá'í' Community based on the report of the same name. [BWNS972]
||Violence with Impunity: Acts of Aggression Against Iran's Baha'i' Community
|2015 14 May
||A global campaign called "Seven Days in Remembrance of Seven Years in Prison for the Seven Baha'i Leaders" to call attention to the long and unjust imprisonment of seven Iranian Baha'i leaders is launched on the seventh anniversary of their arrest. Each day of the week-long campaign, starting 14 May 2015, was dedicated to one member of the seven: Mahvash Sabet, Fariba Kamalabadi, Jamaloddin Khanjani, Afif Naeimi, Saeid Rezaie, Behrouz Tavakkoli, and Vahid Tizfahm.
||Yaran; Seven Days in Remembrance of Seven Years in Prison for the Seven Baha'i Leaders
|2016 26 Oct
||The report from the offices of the Bahá'í International Community entitled The Bahá'í Question Revisited: Persecution and Resilience in Iran was formally released.
- The full report can be read on-line here.
- A list of resolutions by the United Nations and United Nations bodies that reference the situation of Baha’is in Iran since 1980 can be found
at this location.
- An annex to The Bahá'í Question Revisited is the report called "Inciting Hatred". It is an analysis of approximately 400 anti-Baha'i articles, broadcasts, and webpages from late December 2009 through May 2011 and can be found here.
- A list of the 222 Baha’is who have been killed in Iran since 1978 can be read here.
||Persecution; BIC; The Baha'i Question Revisited: Persecution and Resilience in Iran