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Search for tag "Budapest"

from the chronology

date event locations tags see also
1852 27 Oct The Bábí Faith is first mentioned in the 27 October 1852 volume of Magyar Hírlap (The Hungarian Newspaper), under the title „Persia műveltségi történetéhez” („To the History of Education in Persia”) where Captain Von Goumoens, a captain of the Austrian army based in Tehran reports on the terrible events related to the persecution of Bahá’ís in Iran.[www.bahai.hu] Budapest; Hungary
1913 8 Apr `Abdu'l-Bahá returns to Stuttgart, then leaves in the evening for Budapest, changing trains in Vienna the next morning. To this date no travel teacher had visited Budapest and there are no resident believers. [ABM316]
  • The trip was made at the invitation of, among others, Mr and Mrs Lipót Stark. the Secretary General of the Theosophical Society, who had given a lecture entitled "The Bahá'i Movement" on the 25th of February, 1912 and the text of the lecture had been published in the Esperanto periodical Teozofia (Theosophical). [SBBR14p110]
  • `Abdu'l-Bahá is accompanied by Wilhelm Herrigel to serve to translate into German. [AB384]
Stuttgart; Budapest; Hungary Leopold Stark; Lipót Stark; Wilhelm Herrigel; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
1913 9 Apr `Abdu'l-Bahá arrives in Budapest and He is met by a delegation at Keleti pu Ostbahnhof (Eastern Train Station). Another welcoming party has been waiting for Him at the Western station where a train had arrived from Vienna. He is escorted to the Ritz Hotel (now called the Hotel Forum) on the Pest side where He is further welcomed by a delegation of citizens. To compensate for the fact that many have missed His arrival at the train station He holds a press conference in the hotel lobby. [AB384, SBBR14p110]
  • For details of His visit see AB384–8 and MRHK362–70 and 'Abdu'l-Bahá in Budapest by Alice Schwartz-Salivo and 'Abdu'l-Bahá in Budapest by György Lederer found in SBBR14p109.
“…it was His hope that Budapest might become a centre for the reunion of the East and the West, and that from this city the light might emanate to other places.” 'Abdu'l-Bahá in Budapest p1
Budapest; Hungary `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
1913 10 Apr While walking `Abdu'l-Bahá crosses the Chain Bridge and attracts a crowd of curious onlookers who had seen His picture in the newspaper. [MRHK363]
  • He receives visitors at His hotel. Among them are Dr Agnes Goosen, the Rector of the University of Budapest, Dr Alexander Giesswein, a member of Parliament and Sirdar Omrah Singh of Punjab. Professor Julius Germanus, a young Orientalist from the Eastern Academy, brings a group of Turkish language students. {MRHK364]
  • He visits the homes of several families.
  • In the evening He speaks to 50 people at the Theosophical Meeting, praising the organization and its goals. Dr Germanus interpretes the talk into German.
Budapest; Hungary Julius Germanus; Dr Agnes Goosen; Dr Alexander Giesswein; Sirdar Omrah Singh; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
1913 11 Apr Julius Germanus from the Eastern Academy calls upon 'Abdu'l-Bahá at His hotel accompanied by his Turkish students. [SBBR14p112]
  • 'Abdu'l-Bahá visits Hungarian Orientalist Professor Ignáz Goldziher in his home. He was the first person of the Jewish Faith to occupy a professional chair in the University of Budapest. and he has previously written about the Bahá'í Faith. Some time later Professor Goldziher received a carpet and a tablet as a gift from 'Abdu'l-Bahá. [SBBR14p116, AB386]
  • 'Abdu'l-Bahá delivers a lecture in the old Parliament organized by the Peace Society and the Esperanto Association to an audience estimated to be 500, 800 or 1,000 depending on the source. He is flanked by Catholic prelate Dr Alexander Giesswein and Dr. Goldziher, a Jewish Orientalist. The significance of seeing an eminent Jewish scholar and a Catholic clergyman on the same stage on either side of 'Abdu'l-Bahá is not lost on the audience and they break into applause. [SBBR14p116-117. MRHK362]
  • After the lecture a dinner is given in His honour at the Hotel Pannonia. [MRHK366]
Budapest; Hungary Julius Germanus; Ignaz Goldziher; Dr Alexander Giesswein; Dr. Goldziher; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
1913 12 Apr He receives many visitors at His hotel including the president of the Túránian Society, Jewish-born Arminius Vambéry. He is an orientalist and one of the most colourful figures of the nineteenth century. He has some prior knowledge of the Bahá'í Faith. Some time later he wrote a much-publicised tribute to the Bahá'í Faith. [AB8, 386–7, SBBR14p114]
  • `Abdu'l-Bahá visits the home of Arminius Vambéry. [SBBR14p115]
  • He is invited to speak at the former House of Magnates in the National Museum Building by the founder of the Hungarian Turanian Society, Alajos Paikert. ['Abdu'l-Bahá in Budapest p4]
Budapest; Hungary Arminius Vambéry; Alajos Paikert; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
1913 13 Apr `Abdu'l-Bahá is sick and the weather is bitterly cold. He goes to the studio of Professor Robert A. Nadler of the Royal Academy of Art to sit for a portrait. He gives him a total of three sittings during His visit to Budapest. [AB387, MRHK368-9]
  • "The portrait is remarkable not only because of its art, but also because of its later miraculous fate. Reportedly, after heavy bombing in 1945, only that part of the building in which the painting was hung remained unharmed." [Renée Szanto-Felbermann Two Portraits p3, Rebirth: Memoirs of Renée Szanto-Felbermann p159]
  • The painting is purchased and taken to the Bahá'í World Centre in 1972. [SBBR14p118]
  • In the afternoon He visits the home of Sirdar Omrah Singh. [AB387]

  • In spite of a raging blizzard a good many attend His address at the hotel in the evening. [AB387]

Budapest; Hungary Professor Robert A. Nadler; portrait; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
1913 14 Apr His plan had been to leave but His departure is delayed due to a request from the president of the Túránian Society, Count Pal Teleki, who later becomes the Hungarian Prime Minister two times.
  • In the afternoon 'Abu'l-Bahá visits Arminius Vambéry at his home again and some time later sends him a tablet and a carpet by the post. It was reported in "Star of the West" (February 1929) that this tablet was in possession of Arminius's son, Rusztem Vámbéry. [SBBR14p115, 125, AB387, SoW9Vol9p24]
  • At a meeting of the Túránian Society in the grand hall of the National Museum 'Abdu'l-Bahá gives a lecture entitled "Peace Between Nations and Religions" to some 200 people. The talk is translated into Hungarian by Leopold Stark and into English by Mirza Ahmad Sohrab. [SBBR14p113, ABM318]
  • 'Alí Abbás Áqá, a Tabrízí carpet merchant, hosts a dinner party in His honour. Among those attending is the Turkish Consul. [AB387, MRHK367, SBBR14p113]
Budapest; Hungary Arminius Vambéry; Leopold Stark; Count Pal Teleki; 'Ali Abbas Áqa; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
1913 15 Apr 'Abdu'l-Bahá's planned departure is delayed a second time due to a severe cold. He is attended by Mr and Mrs Stark as well as Sirda Omrah Singh. He continues to meet visitors in His hotel during this period. [MRHK369] Budapest; Hungary Mr and Mrs Stark; Sirda Omrah Singh; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
1913 18 or19 Apr `Abdu'l-Bahá leaves Budapest and travels to Vienna by rail, reaching the city in the evening and taking residence in the Grand Hotel. It is estimated that some 30 people accepted the Faith during His visit. [AB388, SBBR14p120] Vienna; Budapest; Hungary `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
1926 Martha Roots visits Budapest and teaches the Faith to one of the grandsons of Arminius Vámbéry, Mr. György Vámbéry. He was 21 at the time and passed away some two years later. [www.bahai.hu] Budapest; Hungary Martha Root; Arminius Vambéry; György Vambéry.
1933 On initiative of Martha Root, Mr. György Steiner, an Esperantist in the city of Győr translates J.E. Esslemont’s Bahá’u’lláh and The New Era into Hungarian between 1931-33. This was the first major work published in Hungarian about the Bahá’í Faith. The Preface of the book was written by Mr. Rusztem Vámbéry, son of Arminius Vámbéry. [www.bahai.hu] [BW5p377] Budapest; Györ; Hungary Mr. György Steiner; Mr. Rusztem Vambéry; Arminius Vambéry
1936 latter half of the year Mrs Randolph Bolles (Jeanne) and her daughter Jeanne, two American Bahá'ís, (aunt and cousin of Mary Maxwell respectively), are sent to Budapest by Shoghi Effendi to open Hungary to the Faith. At the time of their departure there are seven Bahá'ís in Budapest, mostly of Jewish background. [Rebirth: Memoirs of Renée Szanto-Felbermann p103-5] Budapest; Hungary Mrs Randolph Bolles; Jeanne Bolles
1936 Nov Renée Szanto-Felbermann becomes a Bahá’í, the first to accept the Faith in Hungary. She is considered the first person to accept the Faith by some notwithstanding the events of 1913. [BW19:633]
  • See also Renée Szanto-Felbermann, Rebirth: The Memoirs of Szanto-Felbermann p104.
  • This document prepared by the National Spiritual Assembly of the Bahá'í Community of Hungary says that Mr. Arminius Vámbéry is the first believer in Hungary. See www.bahai.hu
  • See BW5p329 for the testament written by Professor Vámbéry and published in the Egyptian Gazette September 24th, 1913.
Hungary; Budapest Renée Szanto-Felbermann; Arminius Vambéry
1939 Ridván The first Spiritual Assembly of the Bahá'ís of Budapest is elected. There are about 14 believers in the community, mostly of Jewish ancestry. This will cause difficulty for the community in the Nazi persecutions that are to follow. [Rebirth: Memoirs of Renée Szanto-Felbermann p108]

According to the description of Renée Szántó-Felbermann, they could not even meet in Budapest: „It was at their (the Sugárs) house in Alag (today part of Budakeszi) that we elected the first Spiritual Assembly in the history of Hungary, Ridvan 1939. When we boarded the train for Alag, in order to avoid suspicion, we Bahá’ís did not remain together, but went by twos and threes. The same procedure was repeated on our arrival to Alag. It was a memorable, unforgettable evening, that Feast of Ridván in the small house at Alag fragrant with spring flowers. We were all deeply moved. And our dear Bertha Matthiesen was radiant. … Jenő Sugár was elected chairman, Mária Kleinberger became treasurer and I continued as secretary.” [www.bahai.hu]

  • Ms Bertha Matthiesen spends a lot of time in Hungary between 1937 and 1939 when most declarations take place and the first spiritual assembly is formed. [www.bahai.hu]
  • Mr Emeric Sala (Imre Szalavetz) a Canadian Bahá'í who was born in Hungary visits Budapest in 1933 and in 1937. [www.bahai.hu]
  • Canadian travel teacher Ms Lorol Schopflocher visits Budapest in March-April 1937. [www.bahai.hu]
Budapest; Hungary
1948 Ridván The Local Spiritual Assembly of Budapest reforms. The Assembly is forced to dissolve again near the end of 1950 under the new regime. Most Bahá'ís flee the country during or after the Revolution in 1956. [www.bahai.hu] Budapest; Hungary
1989 late in the year The Local Spiritual Assembly of Budapest is re-elected for the first time since the proscription of 1950. [Letter of the Universal House of Justice to the National Spiritual Assembly of Austria, 6 December 1989 www.bahai.hu Note 68] Budapest; Hungary
1990 Ridván The first local assembly to be formed in Hungary since before the Second World War is elected in Budapest. [BINS223:4]
  • The assembly was first elected in 1939 but lapsed during the war. [BINS223:4]
Budapest; Hungary Local Assembly, Hungary
1992 Ridván The National Spiritual Assembly of Hungary is formed with its seat in Budapest. [BINS270:2–1; BW92–3:119; VV121] Budapest; Hungary NSA; Hungary
1993 Apr The Bahá'í community of Hungary celebrates the 80th anniversary of the visit of 'Abdu'l-Bahá with a conference. In a park near the National Museum in Budapest a plaque is erected to commemorate the talk that 'Abdu'l-Baha gave at that site on the 14th of April, 1913. Some 350 Bahá'ís from 30 countries attended. A tree was planted by Rúhíyyih Kh´num. [www.bahai.hu, SCSC369, 372]
  • At this time there are more than 200 believers in Hungary.
Budapest; Hungary plaque
1993 26 Aug The Hungarian Bahá’í Community was registered by the Budapest Court. [www.bahai.hu] Budapest; Hungary
 
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