|1967 16 March
||An appeal by 53 Bahá’ís is sent from Shushtar, Iran addressed to the US Congress.
||Petition; United States Congress
||An appeal by 53 Bahá'ís "in Baghdád" addressed to the United States Congress arrives at the American Consulate in Beirut. [BBR265, Petition from the Persian Reformers]
||Petition; US Congress
||The first Universal Congress of Esperanto is held in Boulogne. [BW2:270]
||Universal Congress of Esperanto
|1911. 26 - 29 Jul
||The First Universal Races Congress was held at the University of London. It was the first important conference in which the British Bahá'ís participated. It was an international symposium on the theme of the brotherhood of humankind and attracted leading politicians, theologians and scholars from the whole of the British Empire and from Europe as well as North America. During the Congress itself there were several presentations from Bahá'ís including the reading of a letter from 'Abdu'l-Bahá who was in Egypt at the time. [NBAD45]
- A bibliography of the presentions, papers and contributions and secondary literature by Ralph Dumain can be found here.
||Universal Races Congress; Marion Jack
|1912 5 May
||Talk at Children’s Meeting,
Chicago, Illinois. [PSBW134–5, PUP91]
Talk at Plymouth Congregational Church,
935 East Fiftieth Street,
Talk at All-Souls Church,
Lincoln Center, Chicago, Illinois.
||Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Plymouth Congregational Church; Talk at All-Souls Church; Children’s Meeting; Hotel Plaza; Lincoln Center
|1912 16 Jun
||Talk at Fourth Unitarian Church,
Beverly Road, Flatbush, Brooklyn, New York. [PUP190]
Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Howard MacNutt,
935 Eastern Parkway, Brooklyn, New York.
Talk at Central Congregational Church,
Hancock Street, Brooklyn, New York.
||`Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Fourth Unitarian Church; Howard MacNutt; Central Congregational Church
|1913. 14 Jan
||'Abdu'l-Bahá spoke in the East End of London at a Congregational Church. [CH168, AB369, ABTM299]
||`Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Congregational Church
|1915 19-25 Apr
The Panama-Pacific International Exposition is held in San Francisco and the 24th of April is declared International Bahá'í Congress Day. [BW8:797-808]
||International Baha'i Congress; Panama-Pacific International Exposition
|1926 2 and 4 Aug
||Two Bahá’í Esperanto conventions are held in conjunction with the Eighteenth Universal Esperanto Congress in Scotland. [BW2:266]
||Bahá’í Esperanto conventions; Universal Esperanto Congress
||The first International Religious Congress for World Peace was held at The Hague. It was attended by Martha Root. [BW3:45]
||International Religious Congress for World Peace; Martha Root
|1936 3–16 Jul
||The World Congress of Faiths is held in London under the auspices of the World Fellowship of Faiths. [GPB342; GT123]
- Shoghi Effendi is asked in a personal letter from the chairman of the Congress, Sir Francis Younghusband, to contribute a paper, a task Shoghi Effendi delegates to George Townshend. [GT123; UD104]
- George Townshend reads the paper ‘Bahá’u’lláh’s Ground Plan of World Fellowship’, which has been approved by Shoghi Effendi. [BW7:635; GT132–3]
- For text of the paper see BW6:614–19.
- For the conference programme see BW7:634–45.
||World Congress of Faiths; World Fellowship of Faiths; Sir Francis Younghusband; George Townshend
|1940 (in the decade)
||The first Bahá’ís reside in the Belgian Congo (Zaire), Mr Rajah Ali Vahdat and Mme Marthe Molitor.
||Rajah Ali Vahdat; Marthe Molitor
||Marthe Jeanne Molitor, the first Belgian Bahá’í to settle in another country, leaves for the Belgian Congo (Zaire) one day after becoming a Bahá’í.
||Marthe Jeanne Molitor
|1953 20 Sep
||The arrival of Knight of Bahá'u'lláh Mr. Max Kanyerezi in Middle Congo (now called Republic of Congo) [BWNS246]
||Knight Baha'u'llah; Max Kanyerezi
||Twenty–two African Bahá’ís are expelled from the Belgian Congo.
||The National Spiritual Assembly of Congo and Gabon is formed with its seat in Brazzaville, the Congo. [BW15:206]
- For picture see BW15:148.
||The government of the Congo bans the majority of smaller religious groups, including the Bahá’í Faith. [BW17:141]
- The national hazíratu’l-quds is confiscated and the assemblies dissolved.
||religious persecution; haziratu’l-quds
||The National Spiritual Assembly of the Congo Republic is reformed after 14 years suspension of the Bahá'í Faith. [CBN Jan92 p2, BINS270:5; BW92–3:119; VV121]
- For picture see BINS275:7.
|1992 23 – 26 Nov
||The Second World Congress was held in New York City to commemorate the centenary of the passing of Bahá'u'lláh and the completion of the Six Year Plan. It was attended by some 28,000 Bahá'ís from some 180 countries. [BBD240] [VV136-141] [BW92-3p98-101, 136]
- Nine auxiliary conferences were held in Buenos Aires, Sydney, New Delhi, Nairobi, Panama City, Bucharest, Moscow, Apia and Singapore. [BINS283:3-4]
- For pictures see [BINS283:9-10], [BW92-3p100] and [VV136-141]
- "New York will become a blessed spot from which the call to steadfastness in the Covenant and Testament of God will go forth to every part of the world." - 'Abdu'l-Bahá [AWH77-8 90-1 105-6]
- On the 25th of November a concert was held in Carnegie Hall as a birthday tribute to Dizzy Gillespie called "Celebrating the Bahá'í Vision of World Peace". [VV141]
- On the 26th of November Bahá'ís around the world are linked together by a live satellite broadcast serving the second Bahá'í World Congress, the nine auxiliary conferences and the Bahá'í World Centre and is received by those with access to satellite dish antennas. [BINS283:1–5, 8; BINS286:10; BINS287:4]
- For the message of the Universal House of Justice read on the satellite link see BW92–3:37–4.
- For accounts of personal experiences by some of the attendees see In the Eyes of His Beloved Servants: The Second Bahá'í World Congress and Holy Year by J. Michael Kafes.
| New York; Buenos Aires; Sydney; New Delhi; Nairobi; Panama City; Bucharest; Moscow; Apia; Singapore.
||Dizzy Gillespie; The Second World Congress; Carnegie Hall
|1998 29 Jul
||The passing of actor and writer O. Z. Whitehead at the age of 87 in Dublin. (b. in New York City on 18 March 1911).
- His most acclaimed performance and best remembered role remained that of Al in John Ford's classic 1940 film version of John Steinbeck's The Grapes of Wrath.
- After the World Congress in 1963 he pioneered to the Irish Republic where, among other services to the Faith, he served on the National Spiritual Assembly.
- He published three volumes of pen portraits, Some Early Bahá'ís of the West (1976), Some Bahá'ís to Remember (1983), and Portraits of Some Bahá'í Women (1996).
- Remembered as a champion of the Arts. [Bahá'í Studies Review Vol8, 1998]
||O. Z. Whitehead; World Congress; pioneer; NSA
|2002 26 Jun – 2 Jul
||In commemoration of the Second Bahá'í World Congress 23-26 November in 1992 in New York, a Festival of the Arts is celebrated in that same city. The project is an independent initiative of Global Music, Inc., a Bahá'í-owned company, and associated individuals. It is not under the sponsorship of any Bahá'í institution. The centerpiece event is held at Carnegie Hall featuring a 550-voice choir under the direction of Mr. Tom Price and known as the Voices of Baha. It is composed of Bahá'ís from some 24 countries. [BWNS162]
||New York; NY
||Second Baha'i World Congress; Festival of the Arts; Global Music; Inc.; Carnegie Hall; Tom Price
|2003 9 May
||The passing of David Hofman in England.
- He was one of the nine elected members of the Universal House of Justice when that institution came into being in 1963.
- He presented the first statement from the supreme Baha'i administrative body in April that year to the World Congress in London. Twenty-nine years later, in 1992, he delivered the opening address to the second Baha'i World Congress in New York, an event attended by some 30,000 people.
- He served as a member of the Universal House of Justice for 25 years, until he left in 1988 at the age of 80. [BWNS209, BW'03-‘04pg234, UK Bahá'í Journal]
||David Hofman; UHJ; World Congress; In Memoriam; UHJ
|2000 29 - 31 Aug
||The celebration of the Jubilee of the opening of the Faith in the Republic of the Congo was commemorated in Brazzaville by 200 attendees. It was in 1953 that Ali and Violette Nakhjavani dropped off pioneer Max Kanyerezi in Brazzaville in the Middle Congo as it was then called, subsequently the "French Congo" and now "The Republic of...".
All Bahá'í activities were suspended by law from 1978 until 1992 when a democratically elected government replaced the Communist regime. The new government granted legal recognition of the Faith. During the years 1992 to 2003 the country endured two civil wars which further disrupted activity. There are now 20 local spiritual assemblies.
|Brazzaville; Republic of the Congo
||Max Kanyerezi; Violette Nakhjavani; Ali Nakhjavani
|2003 6 - 7 Sep
||The celebration of the Jubilee of the opening of the Faith in the Democratic Republic of the Congo was commemorated in Kinshasa by some 600 participants.
Among those at the celebrations in the capital were three of the first Congolese Baha'is: Louis Selemani, 81, Remy Kalonji, 83, and Valerien Mukendi, 83.
One guest who could not make it was Ola Pawlowska, 93, though she participated in the celebrations by sending from her home in Canada a message of congratulations and love to a community to which she devoted three decades of her life.
Guests of honour at the jubilee included Mr. Nakhjavani, former member of the Universal House of Justice, and Mrs. Nakhjavani, as well as Joan Lincoln, counsellor member of the International Teaching Centre, and Albert Lincoln, secretary-general of the Baha'i International Community. All four had spent many years as pioneers in Africa.
Active teaching in the area began in 1953.
Before that time, colonial authorities did not permit the promotion of the Faith and that is when Ali Nakhjavani and his wife, Violette, driving across Africa from Uganda, took Ugandan Baha'i Samson Mungongo to the city of Kamina.
The first local assembly was formed in 1957 and the National Assembly was inaugurated in 1970. This event also marked the first time the National Spiritual Assembly had been able to meet in Kinshasa since 1998 because of the war.
- For further details on the development of the Faith in the DRC see Legacy of Courage: The Life of Ola Pawlowska, Knight of Bahá'u'lláh by Suzanne Schuurman.
|Kinshasa; The Democratic Republic of the Congo; DRC
||Louis Selemani; Remy Kalonji; Valerien Mukendi; Joan Lincoln; Albert Lincoln; Ola Pawlowska; Suzanne Schuurman
|2004 2 Apr
||The passing of Ola Pawlowska in Newfoundland, Canada. Knight of Bahá'u'lláh for St. Pierre and Miquelon, translator of the Writings (into Polish, Pioneer to Poland, Luxembourg and Congo (30 years), Auxiliary Board Member. [BW'03-‘04pg236, BWNS248]
|| Newfoundland; Canada; St. Pierre and Miquelon; Poland; Luxembourg; Cong
||Knight of Baha'u'llah for St. Pierre and Miquelon; Ola Pawlowska
|2008 15 – 16 Nov
||Regional Conferences held in Bangui, Central African Republic, Bangalore, India and Uvira, Democratic Republic of the Congo, [BWNS669]
||Bangui; Central African Republic; Bangalore; India; Uvira; Democratic Republic of the Congo
|2008 22 – 23 Nov
||Regional Conferences held in Quito, Ecuador, New Delhi, India, Kolkata, India, and Lubumbashi, Democratic Republic of the Congo. [BWNS673]
||Quito; Ecuador; New Delhi; India; Kolkata; India; Lubumbashi; Democratic Republic of the Congo
|2012 21 Apr
||Plans are announced for the building of the first two national Mashriqu’l-Adhkárs that are to be raised up in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Papua New Guinea. [Riḍván 2012 To the Bahá’ís of the World]
||Haifa; Israel; Democratic Republic of the Congo; Papua New Guinea;
||national Baha'i Temples; national Mashriqu’l-Adhkars; Mashriqul-Adhkar