|1909 21 Mar
||The first American Bahá'í Convention opens in Chicago. [BFA2:XVII, 309; BW13:849; MBW142–3; SBBH1:146]
- It is held in the home of Corinne True. [CT82–3]
- It is attended by 39 delegates from 36 cities. [GPB262; SBBH1:146]
- The Convention establishes the 'Bahá'í Temple Unity', which is incorporated to hold title to the Temple property and to provide for its construction. A constitution is framed and an Executive Board of the Bahá'í Temple Unity elected. [BBD39; BBRSM:106; BW10:179; GPB349; PP397; SBBH1:146]
|Chicago; United States
||Conventions; Corinne True; Bahai Temple Unity; Mashriqul-Adhkar, Chicago
|1912 30 Apr
||Talk at Public Meeting Concluding Convention of Bahá’í Temple Unity,
Drill Hall, Masonic Temple, Chicago, Illinois.
Talk at Hull House,
Chicago, Illinois. Hull House was a community centre, one of the earliest in Chicago, founded by the National American Woman Suffrage Association
Talk at Fourth Annual Conference of the National Association
for the Advancement of Colored People,
Handel Hall, Chicago, Illinois.
|Chicago; United States
||Abdul-Baha, Travels of; Conventions; Bahai Temple Unity; Abdul-Baha, Talks at other places
|1919 26 Apr-1 May
||The 14 Tablets of the Divine Plan are unveiled in a dramatic ceremony at the Hotel McAlpin in New York, during the `Convention of the Covenant'. [BBD219; PP437; SBBH1:134; SBBH2:135; SBR86; TDPXI]
- For details of the convention programme, Tablets and talks given see SW10, 4:54-72; SW10, 5:83-94; SW10, 6:99-103, 111-12 SW10, 7:122-7, 138; SW10, 10:197-203; and SW10, 12:2279.
- Mary Maxwell (Rúhíyyih Khánum) is among the young people who unveil the Tablets. [PP437]
- Agnes Parsons arrives from her pilgrimage just before the close of the convention and is able to convey the instructions from `Abdu'l-Bahá to arrange a Convention for `the unity of the coloured and white races'. [BW5:413; SBR87]
- Hyde and Clara Dunn and Martha Root respond immediately to the appeal, the Dunns going to Australia where they open 700 towns to the Faith, and Martha Root embarking on the first of her journeys which are to extend over 20 years. [GPB308; MR88]
- See also CT138-9.
||Tablets of the Divine Plan; Abdul-Baha, Writings and talks of; Charters; Conventions; Amatul-Baha Ruhiyyih Khanum; Agnes Parsons; Hyde Dunn; Clara Dunn; Martha Root
||Mírzá Asadu'lláh Fádil-i-Mázandarání arrives in North America with Manúchihr Khán in time to speak at the national convention. [AB443; SBR88]
His purpose is to assist and stimulate the Bahá'í communities. [AB443]
- He stays for one year. [AB443]
||Mirza Asadullah Fadil-i-Mazandarani; Manuchihr Khan; national convention
||crossreference URLs; title; title|
|1920 27-29 Dec
||The first All-India Bahá'í Convention is held in Bombay with 175 in attendance. [AB446; BBRSM194; 115]
||Conventions; First, Conventions
|1921 5-6 Dec
||The second Convention for Amity between the White and Coloured Races is held in Springfield, Massachusetts. [BW2:282; SBR92]
- Over a thousand people attend. [SW13, 3:51]
- For a report of the convention see SW13, 3:51-5, 601.
- For a photograph see SW13, 3:50.
||Convention for Amity between the White and Coloured Races
|1924 28-30 Mar
||The third Convention for Race Unity is held in New York City. [BW2:282-3; SBR93; TMW1467]
||New York City
||Convention for Race Unity
|1926 2 and 4 Aug
||Two Bahá’í Esperanto conventions are held in conjunction with the Eighteenth Universal Esperanto Congress in Scotland. [BW2:266]
||Bahá’í Esperanto conventions; Universal Esperanto Congress
||The American National convention is held in Montreal, a major subject of which is race relations. [TMw178]
- Edwina Powell speaks on the subject, as she had been asked by Shoghi Effendi. [TMw178]
- In her address, Sadie Oglesby recalls her conversations with Shoghi Effendi on the subject of race. [TMw178–80]
||NSA; National convention; Edwina Powell; race relations; Sadie Oglesby
|1928 26–30 Apr
||The National Convention of the Bahá’ís of the United States and Canada is held in the Foundation Hall of the House of Worship for the first time. [BW2:180; CT167]
- See BW2:180 for a picture.
||National Convention; House of Worship; Mashriqu'l-Adhkar
||A ceremony is held at the American annual convention in dedication of the resumption of the building activities on the Wilmette Temple. [BBRSM183; BW3:47]
- Shoghi Effendi’s gift to the Temple is ‘the most valuable sacred possession in the Holy Land’ a ‘precious ornament of the Tomb of Bahá’u’lláh’, an exquisite Persian carpet. [BA180–1; BW4:208–12]
|Wilmette; United States
||annual convention; Bahai Temple; Bahaullah, Shrine of; gift; Mashriqul-Adhkar; Gifts; Carpets
|1934 15–18 May
||The first National Convention of the Bahá’ís of Australia and New Zealand is held in Sydney, with nine delegates in attendance. [SBR165]
- The first National Spiritual Assembly of Australia and New Zealand is elected with its seat in Sydney. [SBR165]
||National Convention; NSA
|1944 22–23 May
||The Centenary of the Declaration of the Báb is celebrated at the House of the Báb in Shíráz. [BW10:181]
- Ninety delegates to the national convention and members of the National Spiritual Assembly of Iran assemble discreetly for the occasion.
- For details of this event and the caution with which the arrangements for it are made see BW10:181–3.
- The Guardian sends the Persian Bahá’ís a lengthy letter detailing how the observance and the week-long festivities to follow are to be made. [BW10:183]
- For details of the events see BW10:183–8.
||Declaration of the Bab; House of the Bab (Shiraz); National conventions; NSA; Centenaries
||The British at national convention decide to ask the Guardian for their own Six Year Plan. [UDXVI]
- He responds immediately by setting them the task of forming 19 assemblies spread over England, Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland and Eire. [UD173]
- Shoghi Effendi describes this as ‘their first collective enterprise’. [UDXVI, 173–4]
- See also BBRSM158, 185
||national convention; Six Year Plan
||The first All-American Bahá’í Convention is held.
- For the first time the delegates have been selected at state and provincial conventions by votes from all believers rather than by communities with local assemblies. [BW9:44; PP390]
||state convention; provincial convention
||Hilda Yen joins Bahá'í Faith (Wikipedia)|
|1949. 9 Dec
||The General Assembly of the United Nations adopted the Resolution entitled Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide.
- It was largely through the one-man campaign of a Polish jurist, Raphael Lemkin, someone who had lost family members in the Nazi holocaust, and who had invented the term "genocide", that the Resolution was adopted. [In Search of a Better World by Payam Akhavan p91-92]
- The attitude at the time could be summed up in the words "Never again!" however the world would have to wait another 50 years before the International Criminal Court would be established to provide any real meaning to this Resolution.
||Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide; Genocide
||The National Convention of the Bahá'ís of Central America was scheduled to be held in a prestigious hotel in San Jose, Costa Rica. When a distinguish believer, Mr Matthew Bullock, was not allowed to register at the hotel because of his race, the National Assembly moved the Convention to another venue and registered guests moved to small pensions rather than staying at the hotel. [SDSC65]
- Matthew Bullock was one of the early African-American believers in the United States. He became an enrolled believer in 1940 after 15 years of knowledge of the Faith. In 1952 he was elected to the National Spiritual Assembly and along with fellow NSA member Elsie Austin, represented that institution at the first Intercontinental Teaching Conference in Uganda in 1953. [LoS108, SDSC102]
|San Jose; Costa Rica
||National Convention; Regional Assembly of the Baha'is of Central America; Matthew Bullock; Elsie Austin
|1955 2 May
||The police lock the doors of the National Bahá’í Centre in Tihrán thus preventing the holding of the final day of the National Bahá’í Convention. [BW18:390]
||religious persecution; National Bahá’í Convention
|1959 10 Apr
||Representatives of the Bahá’í International Community present to the President of the Human Rights Commission, Ambassador Gunewardene of Ceylon, a statement endorsing the Genocide Convention. [BW13:791–4]
||BIC; Human Rights Commission; Genocide Convention
||The Universal House of Justice is elected for a second time by delegates from 81 National Spiritual Assemblies. [BW15:557]
- Dr David Ruhe is elected to replace Dr Hakím, who resigned for reasons of ill health. The members were: Amoz Gibson, 'Ali Nakhjavani, Hushmand Fatheazam, Ian Semple, Charles Wolcott, David Hofman, H. Borrah Kavelin, Hugh Chance and David Ruhe. [VV3]
- For a description of the second international convention and pictures see BW14:564–8.
||International Convention; Election; David Ruhe; UHJ
||The Universal House of Justice is elected for the fourth time at the International Convention held in Haifa. [BW17:293]
- For details of the International Convention and pictures see BW17:293–300.
||Election; UHJ; International Convention
||The renovation of the House of ‘Abdu’lláh Páshá in ‘Akká is completed. [BW18:77]
- Delegates attending the fifth International Convention are the first pilgrims to visit it. [BW18:77]
- For pictures see BW18:78–80.
||House of Abdullah Pasha; Restoration; International Convention; Firsts, Other
|1983 29 Apr - 2 May
||The Universal House of Justice is elected for the fifth time at the International Convention held in Haifa.
- The National Spiritual Assembly of Iran is unable to attend but sends 133 red roses as its gift to its sister Assemblies. [BW18:461]
- For a report of the Convention see BW18:461–4.
- See BW18:462, 464 for pictures.
||International Convention; Gifts; Roses; NSA
||Delegates at the United States National Convention petition the Universal National Convention House of Justice requesting that the law of Huqúqu’lláh be made binding on the American Bahá’ís. [AWH30; ZK146–77]
- The Universal House of Justice replies that it is not yet the time to take this step. [AWH30, Message from the Universal House of Justice dated 6 August, 1984]
||National Conventions; Huququ'llah; Gradual implementation of laws
|1986 19 Oct
||Lorraine Kahn of Pine Springs, Arizona, is elected a delegate to the United States National Convention, the first Navajo woman to serve in this capacity. [BINS161:19]
||Lorraine Kahn; National Convention
||The National Convention of Turkey is held for the first time with the official permission of the Turkish government.
||The Universal House of Justice is elected for the sixth time at the International Convention held in Haifa. Delegates from 148 National/Regional Assemblies participated. [BINS176; VV97]
- David Hofman and H. Borrah Kavelin announce their retirement. [VV97]
- A gift of a large bowl of 120 roses was received from the Bahá'í of Iran.
|BWC; Haifa; Iran
||International Conventions; David Hofman; Borrah Kavelin; Retirement; Gifts; Roses
||For the first time, two Bush Negro women delegates attend the national convention of Surinam. [BINS226:6]
||Surinam; South America
||Bush Negro; Maroon; delegates; national convention
||The Bahá'ís of East and West Germany were united at their 61st convention for the first time after the war. [VV113]
|1993 29 Apr - 2 May
||The Seventh Bahá'í International Convention at the World Centre. Those elected to the Universal House of Justice were: Mr. Ali Nakhjavani, Mr. Glenford Mitchell, Mr. Adib Taherzadeh, Mr. Ian Semple, Mr. Peter Khan, Mr. Houshman Fatheazam, Mr. Hooper Dunbar, Mr. Farzam Arbab and Mr. Douglas Martin. [BINS295, BW93-4p51-58]
- Hugh Chance and David Ruhe announce their retirement. Mr. Chance served since 1963 and Dr. Ruhe since 1968. [BINS295, BS93-4p57]
- For a report of the Convention see BW93–4:51–8.
- For pictures see BW93–4:52, 53, 54, 57.
||Universal House of Justice, Election of; Universal House of Justice, Members of; International conventions; Conventions; Ali Nakhjavani; Glenford Mitchell; Adib Taherzadeh; Ian Semple; Peter Khan; Houshman Fatheazam; Hooper Dunbar; Farzam Arbab; Douglas Martin; Hugh Chance; David Ruhe
|2003 4 Apr
||Given current conditions in the world the Ninth International Convention was cancelled. It had been scheduled for 29 April to 2 May. Ballots from the National Spiritual Assembly members were mailed to the World Centre. The 19 delegates that had been chosen as tellers travelled to the World Centre to count the votes. [BW'02-‘03pg37-38, BWNS202]
||International Baha'i Convention; International Convention
|2013 29 Apr – 2 May
||The Eleventh International Bahá'í Convention in Haifa and the 50th anniversary of the inaugural Convention in 1963 at which the first Universal House of Justice was elected. Those elected were Paul Lample, Firaydoun Javaheri, Payman Mohajer, Gustavo Correa, Shahriar Razavi, Stephen Birkland, Stephen Hall, Chuungu Malitonga, and Ayman Rouhani. [BWNS950, BWNS951, BWNS953]
||International Baha'i Convention; Paul Lample; Firaydoun Javaheri; Payman Mohajer; Gustavo Correa; Shahriar Razavi; Stephen Birkland; Stephen Hall; Chuungu Malitonga; Ayman Rouhani