|1863. 18 Apr
||Birth of William Henry (Harry) Randall, Disciple of ‘Abdu'l-Bahá, in Boston.
||Boston; Massachusetts; USA
||William Henry Harry Randall; Disciple; ‘Abdu'l-Bahá
|1871. 1 Nov
||Birth of `Lua' Getsinger (Lucinda Louisa Aurora Moore), Disciple of `Abdu'l-Bahá, Herald of the Covenant and Mother Teacher of the West.
||`Lua' Getsinger (Lucinda Louisa Aurora Moore); Disciple of `Abdu'l-Baha; Herald of the Covenant; Mother Teacher of the West
|1873. 12 Apr
||Birth of Hippolyte Dreyfus, the first French Bahá'í, in Paris. Named by Shoghi Effendi a Disciple of `Abdu'l-Bahá.
||Hippolyte Dreyfus; Disciple of `Abdu'l-Baha
|1883. 15 Apr
||Birth in Goslar, Germany, of Dr Artur Eduard Heinrich Brauns, a prominent German Bahá'í, named by Shoghi Effendi a Disciple of `Abdu'l-Bahá.
||Dr Artur Eduard Heinrich Brauns; Disciple of `Abdu'l-Baha
||Joseph Hannen, future Disciple of `Abdu'l-Bahá, and Pauline Hannen become Bahá'ís in Washington DC.
||Joseph Hannen; Disciple of `Abdu'l-Baha; Pauline Hannen
|1912 30 Sep
||Thornton Chase, the first American Bahá'í, Disciple of `Abdu'l-Bahá, passes away in California before 'Abdu'l-Bahá'í and His retinue arrive. He is buried at Inglewood. [BBD71; BFA2:XVII]
||Thornton Chase; Disciple of `Abdu'l-Baha; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
|1913 7 Apr
||`Abdu'l-Bahá travels to Bad Mergentheim by automobile to visit the hotel and mineral bath owned by Consul Schwarz, (Later named Disciple of `Abdu'l-Bahá by Shoghi Effendi). [AB383]
- Later, in 1916 the local Bahá'í community commemorated the visit with the dedication of a monument, a life-sized likeness of the head of 'Abdu'l-Bahá on a granite stone about two metres in height. The Nazis removed it in 1937 but it was replaced in 2007. [BWNS524]
||Consul Schwarz; Disciple of `Abdu'l-Baha; monument; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
|1915 11 Oct
||Arthur Pillsbury Dodge, Disciple of `Abdu'l-Bahá, passes away in Freeport, New York. [sBR15]
- For biographies see BFA1:116-17, SBR1-16 and SW6, 13:100-1.
- For his obituary see SW6, 19:161-7.
- Dodge's books include The Truth of It (1901) [SW6, 13:101] and Whence? Why? Wither? (1907). [SW6, 13:101]
|Freeport; New York
||Arthur Pillsbury Dodge; Disciple of `Abdu'l-Baha; In Memoriam
|1916 1 May
||Lua Getsinger, Disciple of `Abdu'l-Bahá, dies of heart failure in Cairo. [BBD87; SW7, 4:29]
- For an her obituary see SW7, 4:29-30.
- She is buried in the Protestant Cemetery in Cairo. In 1939 a court ruling enables the Bahá'ís to reinter her in the first Bahá'í cemetery established in Egypt. Her grave is now beside that of Mírzá Abu'l-Fadl. [GPB344]
- See also Sears and Quigley, The Flame.
||Lua Getsinger; Disciple of `Abdu'l-Baha; Baha'i cemetery; Mirza Abu'l-Fadl; In Memoriam
|1920 24 May
||Charles Greenleaf, Disciple of `Abdu'l-Bahá, passes away at the home of William Harry Randall in Boston. [SBR105]
- For details of his life see SBR97-105.
- For his obituary see SW11, 19:321-2.
||Charles Greenleaf; Disciple of `Abdu'l-Baha; William Harry Randall; In Memoriam
|1922 9 Jan
||William H. Hoar, Disciple of `Abdu'l-Bahá, passes away in Fanwood, New Jersey. [SW12, 19:310]
- For his obituary see SW12, 19:310-12.
|Fanwood; New Jersey
||William H. Hoar; Disciple of `Abdu'l-Baha; In Memoriam
|1922 19 Feb
||Helen Goodall, Disciple of `Abdu'l-Bahá, passes away in San Francisco. [SEBW33]
- See SEBW21-33 for details of her life.
||Helen Goodall; Disciple of `Abdu'l-Baha
|1924 28 Jan
||Isabella Brittingham, Disciple of `Abdu'l-Bahá, passes away at the Revell home in Philadelphia. [SEBW138]
- For her life see SEBW131-8.
||Isabella Brittingham; Disciple of `Abdu'l-Baha; Revell
|1925 22 Nov
||John Esslemont, Hand of the Cause of God, Disciple of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá, passes away in Haifa. [BW3p84-85, BBD81, SETPE1p108-110]
- For letters of Shoghi Effendi announcing his death and giving details of his life and funeral see BA97–8 and UD40–3.
- For an obituary see BW1:133–6 and BW8:929–35.
- He is buried next to the grave of Vakílu’d-Dawlih, the chief builder of the House of Worship at ‘Ishqábád. [DJEE37]
- Shoghi Effendi elevates him to the station of Hand of the Cause of God on his death. The announcement is made on November 30th. [BA7-98; BWT3:333; DJEE40; PP92; UD403, MoCxxii
- See also Moojan Momen, Dr John E. Esslemont (BPT UK 1975) and BW8p929-935 for "John Ebenezer Esslemont: His Life and Service" by Jesse E. Revell.
||John Esslemont; Hand of the Cause; Disciple of Abdul-Baha; Vakilu’d-Dawlih; House of Worship; Mashriqul-Adhkar; In Memoriam; Hand appointed posthumously by Shoghi Effendi
|1926 26 Dec
||Howard MacNutt, Disciple of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá, passes away in Florida in a road accident. [SEBW42]
- For details of his life see SEBW35–42
||Howard MacNutt; Disciple of ‘Abdu’l-Baha; In Memoriam
|1927 14 Sep
||Dr George Augur, Disciple of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá, passes away in Hawaii. [SBR198]
- For the story of his life see SBR187–98.
||Dr George Augur; Disciple of ‘Abdu’l-Baha
|1928 20 Dec
||Hippolyte Dreyfus-Barney, Disciple of Abdu’l-Bahá, passes away in Paris. [UD84–5]
- For Shoghi Effendi’s eulogy of him see BW3:210–14 and UD84–5.
||Hippolyte Dreyfus-Barney; Disciple of Abdu’l-Baha; In Memoriam
|1929 11 Feb
||William ‘Harry’ Randall, Disciple of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá, dies.
- For Shoghi Effendi’s obituary of him see BW3:213.
||William ‘Harry’ Randall; Disciple of ‘Abdu’l-Baha
|1930 17 Nov
||Ethel Rosenberg, (b.6 August, 1858, Bath) Apostle of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá, ‘England’s outstanding Bahá’í pioneer worker’, passes away in London. [BW4:118–19; ER274–5]
She became a Bahá’í around 1899 and went on her first pilgrimage in 1901. While ‘Abdu’l-Bahá was in London, Ethel Rosenberg was His social secretary, arranging appointments for the Master. ‘Abdu’l-Bahá asked Ethel Rosenberg and a number of other people to form a committee to decide what to do about collecting funds and publishing Bahá’í books. Their first published book was ‘Abdu’l-Bahá in London. She made her third pilgrimage in November 1921, but arrived
just after ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s passing. Shoghi
Effendi sent her home with instructions
to call for the election the first National
Spiritual Assembly of England. She served
on this body for a number of years.
Shoghi Effendi named her an ‘Apostle of
‘Abdu’l-Bahá’. [In the Footsteps of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá p9]
- For her obituary see BW4:262–3.
- See also Weinberg, Ethel Jenner Rosenberg and SEBW55–64.
||Ethel Rosenberg; Disciple of ‘Abdu’l-Baha; In Memoriam; Apostle of
|1931 13 Jan
||Consul Albert Schwarz, Disciple of Abdu’l-Bahá, ‘Germany’s outstanding Bahá’í pioneer worker’ passes away. [BW4:118–19, 264]
- For his obituary see BW4:264–6.
||Consul Albert Schwarz; Disciple of Abdu’l-Baha; In Memoriam
|1938 15 Mar
||Mary Virginia Thornburgh-Cropper (Maryam Khánum), the first Bahá’í of the British Isles, passes away in Kensington, London.
known to her friends as Minnie and first heard
of the Bahá’í Faith in 1898 when she was 41.
She was an American living in London and
had been married to an Englishman.
Shortly after reading about the Báb in an
encyclopedia, by coincidence, she was invited
by her friend Phoebe Hearst to be part of
the first group of Western Bahá’í pilgrims to
visit ‘Abdu’l-Bahá in the Holy Land.
She is considered to be the first person to
become a Bahá’í in the UK and throughout
her life was a very active member of the
community. She was a member of the first
elected National Spiritual Assembly of
England (later Great Britain).
She made her motor-car available to
‘Abdu’l-Bahá during His visits.
[SBR30, BW4p375, In the Footsteps of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá p9]
- For details of her life see BSR17–30.
- For her obituary see BW8:649–51.
- Notes: It is possibly she, rather than her mother, Mrs Thornburgh, who is referred to as a Disciple of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá in BW3:84–5. The picture is not that of Mrs Thornburgh-Cropper.
||Mary Virginia Thornburgh-Cropper; Disciple of ‘Abdu’l-Baha; In Memoriam
|1940 1 Mar
||May Bolles Maxwell passes away in Buenos Aires. [BBD153; BW8:631 TG49]
- Shoghi Effendi awards her the honour of a ‘martyr’s death’ and a Disciple of 'Abdu'l-Bahá. [BW8:631; MA38]
- She was the first Bahá'í on European soil and the "mother" of both the French and the Canadian Bahá'í communities. [PP149]
- For the story of her life see BW17:437–8.
- Shoghi Effendi asks her husband, Sutherland Maxwell, to design her tomb, which is to be a ‘historic centre’ for ‘pioneer Bahá’í activity’. [BW8:642]
- For an account of the erection of the monument to her see PSBW83–6.
||May Bolles Maxwell; martyr; Sutherland Maxwell; Disciple of 'Abdu'l-Baha; Mother of the French Baha'i community; Mother of the Canadian Baha'i community