|1863. 18 Apr
||Birth of William Henry (Harry) Randall, Disciple of ‘Abdu'l-Bahá, in Boston.
||Boston; Massachusetts; United States
||William Randall; Disciples of Abdul-Baha; Births and deaths
|1871. 1 Nov
||Birth of `Lua' Getsinger (Lucinda Louisa Aurora Moore), Disciple of `Abdu'l-Bahá, Herald of the Covenant and Mother Teacher of the West.
||Lua Getsinger; Disciples of Abdul-Baha
|1873. 12 Apr
||Birth of Hippolyte Dreyfus, the first French Bahá'í, in Paris. Named by Shoghi Effendi a Disciple of `Abdu'l-Bahá.
||Hippolyte Dreyfus-Barney; Disciples of Abdul-Baha; First Bahais by country or area; Births and deaths
|1883. 15 Apr
||Birth in Goslar, Germany, of Dr Artur Eduard Heinrich Brauns, a prominent German Bahá'í, named by Shoghi Effendi a Disciple of `Abdu'l-Bahá.
||Artur Eduard Heinrich Brauns; Disciples of Abdul-Baha; Births and deaths
||Joseph Hannen, future Disciple of `Abdu'l-Bahá, and Pauline Hannen become Bahá'ís in Washington DC.
||Washington DC; United States
||Joseph Hannen; Disciples of Abdul-Baha; Pauline Hannen
|1912 30 Sep
||Thornton Chase, the first American Bahá'í, Disciple of `Abdu'l-Bahá, passes away in California before 'Abdu'l-Bahá'í and His retinue arrive. He is buried at Inglewood. [BBD71; BFA2:XVII]
||California; United States
||Thornton Chase; Disciples of Abdul-Baha; Births and deaths; Cemeteries and graves; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
|1913 7 Apr
||`Abdu'l-Bahá travels to Bad Mergentheim by automobile to visit the hotel and mineral bath owned by Consul Schwarz, (Later named Disciple of `Abdu'l-Bahá by Shoghi Effendi). [AB383]
- Later, in 1916 the local Bahá'í community commemorated the visit with the dedication of a monument, a life-sized likeness of the head of 'Abdu'l-Bahá on a granite stone about two metres in height. The Nazis removed it in 1937 but it was replaced in 2007. [BWNS524]
|Bad Mergentheim; Germany
||Consul Schwarz; Disciples of Abdul-Baha; Monuments; Abdul-Baha, Pictures and portraits; Portraits; Abdul-Baha, Travels of; World War II
|1915 11 Oct
||Arthur Pillsbury Dodge, Disciple of `Abdu'l-Bahá, passes away in Freeport, New York. [sBR15]
- For biographies see BFA1:116-17, SBR1-16 and SW6, 13:100-1.
- For his obituary see SW6, 19:161-7.
- Dodge's books include The Truth of It (1901) [SW6, 13:101] and Whence? Why? Wither? (1907). [SW6, 13:101]
|Freeport; New York; United States
||Arthur Pillsbury Dodge; Disciples of Abdul-Baha; In Memoriam
|1916 1 May
||Lua Getsinger, Disciple of `Abdu'l-Bahá, dies of heart failure in Cairo. [BBD87; SW7, 4:29]
- For an her obituary see SW7, 4:29-30.
- She is buried in the Protestant Cemetery in Cairo. In 1939 a court ruling enables the Bahá'ís to reinter her in the first Bahá'í cemetery established in Egypt. Her grave is now beside that of Mírzá Abu'l-Fadl. [GPB344]
- See also Sears and Quigley, The Flame.
||Lua Getsinger; Disciples of Abdul-Baha; Cemeteries and graves; Bahai cemeteries; Mirza Abul-Fadl Gulpaygani; In Memoriam; Births and deaths
|1920 24 May
||Charles Greenleaf, Disciple of `Abdu'l-Bahá, passes away at the home of William Harry Randall in Boston. [SBR105]
- For details of his life see SBR97-105.
- For his obituary see SW11, 19:321-2.
|Boston; Massachusetts; United States
||Charles Greenleaf; Disciples of Abdul-Baha; William Harry Randall; In Memoriam
|1922 9 Jan
||William H. Hoar, Disciple of `Abdu'l-Bahá, passes away in Fanwood, New Jersey. [SW12, 19:310]
- For his obituary see SW12, 19:310-12.
|Fanwood; New Jersey; United States
||William Hoar; Disciples of Abdul-Baha; In Memoriam; Births and deaths
|1922 19 Feb
||Helen Goodall, Disciple of `Abdu'l-Bahá, passes away in San Francisco. [SEBW33]
- See SEBW21-33 for details of her life.
|San Francisco; United States
||Helen Goodall; Disciples of Abdul-Baha; In Memoriam
|1924 28 Jan
||Isabella Brittingham, Disciple of `Abdu'l-Bahá, passes away at the Revell home in Philadelphia. [SEBW138]
- For her life see SEBW131-8.
|Philadelphia; United States
||Isabella Brittingham; Disciples of Abdul-Baha
|1925 22 Nov
||John Esslemont, Hand of the Cause of God, Disciple of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá, passes away in Haifa. [BW3p84-85, BBD81, SETPE1p108-110]
- For letters of Shoghi Effendi announcing his death and giving details of his life and funeral see BA97–8 and UD40–3.
- For an obituary see BW1:133–6 and BW8:929–35.
- He is buried next to the grave of Vakílu’d-Dawlih, the chief builder of the House of Worship at ‘Ishqábád. [DJEE37]
- Shoghi Effendi elevates him to the station of Hand of the Cause of God on his death. The announcement is made on November 30th. [BA7-98; BWT3:333; DJEE40; PP92; UD403, MoCxxii
- See also Moojan Momen, Dr John E. Esslemont (BPT UK 1975) and BW8p929-935 for "John Ebenezer Esslemont: His Life and Service" by Jesse E. Revell.
||Esslemont; Hands of the Cause; Disciples of Abdul-Baha; Vakilud-Dawlih; In Memoriam; Hands of the Cause, Appointments
|1926 26 Dec
||Howard MacNutt, Disciple of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá, passes away in Florida after being struck by a motorcycle while walking. (b. 13 July, 1858 in Philadelphia) He had been a student of Ibrahim George Kheiralla in New York and had learned both Persian and Arabic to better understand the Writings. Howard MacNutt was elected to the Bahá’í Board of Counsel for New York when it was established on December 7, 1900 and served on the body for many years. [SEBW42]
- In 1905 Howard and his wife went on pilgrimage and attended a Nineteen Day Feast held by ‘Abdu’l-Bahá, Who encouraged him to establish the practice in America. MacNutt consulted with the New York Board of Counsel after returning and a Feast was held in New York on May 23, 1905.
- Howard wrote a booklet consisting of what he learnt while on Pilgrimage titled Unity Through Love.
- MacNutt also edited Mírzá Abu'l-Fadl's Bahá'í Proofs before it was first published in 1902 and revised Ali Kuli Khan's manuscript translation of the Kitáb-i-Íqán for publication in 1904.
- He held a belief that `Abdu'l-Bahá had no extraordinary spiritual station and he did not regard Him as being different in Spirit from other men, that through works and service and overcoming all He attained to His station. This opinion resulted in MacNutt failing to appreciate the Bahá'í teaching that Covenant-breaking is a spiritual disease. When `Abdu'l-Bahá came to the United States in 1912 He assigned to MacNutt the task of meeting with a group of potential Covenant-breakers in Chicago and warning them. He also ordered MacNutt to break all communication with Ibrahim Kheiralla and other Covenant-breakers. When MacNutt failed to do as directed, `Abdu'l-Bahá advised him that he had violated the Covenant himself and commanded him to repent before a group of New York Bahá'ís, which he did on 18 November 1912. The matter was not resolved; `Abdu'l-Bahá cabled Ali Kuli Khan on 16 April 1913, "MACNUTT REPENTED FROM VIOLATION OF COVENANT BUT WAS NOT AWAKENED." After several months of correspondence between MacNutt and `Abdu'l-Bahá via Ali Kuli Khan, MacNutt satisfied `Abdu'l-Bahá that he had come to understand and had repented for his earlier errors. Even though `Abdu'l-Bahá recognized MacNutt as a Bahá'í his reputation in the Bahá'í community remained tarnished. To redeem himself he took on the task of compiling `Abdu'l-Bahá's talks in the United States and Canada and editing them. It was published as The Promulgation of Universal Peace, the name chosen by 'Abdu'l-Bahá himself, in 1922. MacNutt's preface contains a long and important statement about `Abdu'l-Bahá's station. His redemption was complete. [PUPxx]
- For further details of his life and his brush with Covenant-breaking see SEBW35–42. Also see "In Memoriam: Arthur Pillsbury Dodge, 1849-1915", SoW, Vol. 6, No. 19 (2 March 1916) p165 as well as BFA1p125, 168-17, DJT369-372, AOY111-126
|Dade City, Pasco County, Florida
||Howard MacNutt; Disciples of Abdul-Baha; In Memoriam
|1927 14 Sep
||Dr George Augur, Disciple of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá, passes away in Hawaii. [SBR198]
- For the story of his life see SBR187–98.
||George Augur; Disciples of Abdul-Baha
|1928 20 Dec
||Hippolyte Dreyfus-Barney, Disciple of Abdu’l-Bahá, passes away in Paris. [UD84–5]
- For Shoghi Effendi’s eulogy of him see BW3:210–14 and UD84–5.
||Hippolyte Dreyfus-Barney; Disciples of Abdul-Baha; In Memoriam
|1929 11 Feb
||William ‘Harry’ Randall, Disciple of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá, dies.
- For Shoghi Effendi’s obituary of him see BW3:213.
||William Randall; Disciples of Abdul-Baha; Births and deaths
|1938 15 Mar
||Mary Virginia Thornburgh-Cropper (Maryam Khánum), the first Bahá’í of the British Isles, passes away in Kensington, London.
known to her friends as Minnie and first heard
of the Bahá’í Faith in 1898 when she was 41.
She was an American living in London and
had been married to an Englishman.
Shortly after reading about the Báb in an
encyclopedia, by coincidence, she was invited
by her friend Phoebe Hearst to be part of
the first group of Western Bahá’í pilgrims to
visit ‘Abdu’l-Bahá in the Holy Land.
She is considered to be the first person to
become a Bahá’í in the UK and throughout
her life was a very active member of the
community. She was a member of the first
elected National Spiritual Assembly of
England (later Great Britain).
She made her motor-car available to
‘Abdu’l-Bahá during His visits.
[SBR30, BW4p375, In the Footsteps of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá p9]
- For details of her life see BSR17–30.
- For her obituary see BW8:649–51.
- Notes: It is possibly she, rather than her mother, Mrs Thornburgh, who is referred to as a Disciple of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá in BW3:84–5. The picture is not that of Mrs Thornburgh-Cropper.
|London; United Kingdom
||Mary Virginia Thornburgh-Cropper; Disciples of Abdul-Baha; In Memoriam
|1940 1 Mar
||May Bolles Maxwell passes away in Buenos Aires. [BBD153; BW8:631 TG49]
- Shoghi Effendi awards her the honour of a ‘martyr’s death’ and a Disciple of 'Abdu'l-Bahá. [BW8:631; MA38]
- She was the first Bahá'í on European soil and the "mother" of both the French and the Canadian Bahá'í communities. [PP149]
- For the story of her life see BW17:437–8.
- Shoghi Effendi asks her husband, Sutherland Maxwell, to design her tomb, which is to be a ‘historic centre’ for ‘pioneer Bahá’í activity’. [BW8:642]
- For an account of the erection of the monument to her see PSBW83–6.
|Buenos Aires; Argentina
||May Bolles Maxwell; martyr; Sutherland Maxwell; Disciples of Abdul-Baha