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Search for tag "Europe"

from the chronology

date event locations tags see also
1863. 12 Dec Bahá'u'lláh and His companions arrive in Adrianople. [BKG206; GPB161; RB2:62]

  • This is the furthest point from His native land that Bahá'u'lláh reaches and the first time in known history that a Manifestation of God had lived on the European continent. [BKG217]
  • See BKG218–19, 221–2; GPB161–2 and MRHK179–96 for a description of the houses Bahá'u'lláh lives in during this period.
  • See BKG219–20 for the hardships of the first winter.
Adrianople; Edirne; Turkey; Europe Bahá'u'lláh; Europe
1864. 27 Mar Birth of A. L. M. Nicolas, who later becomes an important European scholar on the life and teachings of the Báb, in Rasht. [BBR516] Rasht; Iran; Europe A.L.M. Nicolas; Bab
1912 Dec-Jun 1913 `Abdu'l-Bahá's second visit to Europe. Europe Abdul-Baha, Travels of
1914 28 Jul The Great War (1914–18) breaks out in Europe. (28 July, 1914 to 11 November, 1918)

Austria declares war on Serbia.

Europe The Great War
1922 5 Apr Shoghi Effendi leaves the affairs of the Faith in the hands of the Greatest Holy Leaf and departs the Holy Land for Europe, accompanied by his eldest cousin. [PP57]
  • See BA25 for his reasons for his departure.
Haifa; Europe Shoghi Effendi, Life of; Shoghi Effendi, Travels of
1923 Jan The Guardian sends `Abdu'l-Husayn, Ávárih, to Europe to deepen the believers. [CB335, SBR68]
  • For his life and eventual Covenant-breaking see CB334-42 and PP120.
Europe Shoghi Effendi, Life of; Avarih (Abdul-Husayn); Covenant-breakers
1925 Of the 38 localities where Bahá'ís reside in Europe, 26 are in Germany. [BBRSM182] Europe; Germany
1925 spring The International Bahá’í Bureau is established in Geneva by Jean Stannard under the direction of Shoghi Effendi. [BW4:257]
  • For the history and work of the Bureau see BW4:257–61, BW6:130–5, BW7:108–13, BW11:507–8.
  • Its function is to act as intermediary between Haifa and other Bahá’í centres. [BBD118; BW4:261]
Geneva; Switzerland; Europe International Bahai Bureau; Jean Stannard
1938 Shoghi Effendi remains in Europe for the year owing to terrorist activities in Palestine. [PP219] Europe
1939 3 Sep World War II begins with Britain and France declaring war on Germany after Germany invades Poland. World War II; History (general); Europe; 20th century; War (general)
1945 8 May The war in Europe ends.
  • For Shoghi Effendi’s response see MA80–1, PP185 and UD175.
  • For the war’s effect on the Bahá’í community worldwide see BW17:80.
  • See CF36 for Shoghi Effendi’s opinion of the significance of the role of the United States in the war.
Europe World War II; History (general)
1948 22 – 26 May The first Bahá’í European Conference is held in Geneva. [BW11:51]
  • For details of the conference see BW11:51–2.
Geneva Baha’i European Conference
1953 21 – 26 Jul The European Intercontinental Teaching Conference is held in Stockholm. [BW12:167]
  • For Shoghi Effendi’s message to the conference see BW12:167–71.
  • For a report of the conference see BW12:171–8.
  • Fourteen Hands of the Cause are present. [BW12:171]
  • 374 Bahá’ís from 30 countries attend, of these 110 come from the ten goal countries. [BW12:171]
Stockholm; Sweden; Europe Conferences, Bahai; Conferences, Teaching; Conferences, International; Teaching; Hands of the Cause
1953 Aug Amír Húshmand Manúchihrí arrives in Liechtenstein and is named a Knight of Bahá’u’lláh. [BW13:453] Liechtenstein; Europe Knights of Bahaullah
1953 Sep Ada Schott, Elizabeth Hopper, Sara Kenny and Ella Duffield arrive in the Madeira Islands and are named Knights of Bahá’u’lláh. BW13:453] Madeira Islands; Portugal; Europe Knights of Bahaullah
1953 7 Oct William Danjon Dieudonné arrives in Andorra and is named a Knight of Bahá’u’lláh. [BW12:449]
  • He continues to live in the country.
Andorra; Europe Knights of Bahaullah
1960 20 Nov The cornerstone of the fifth House of Worship is laid in Langenhain, Germany, by Hand of the Cause of God Amelia Collins. [BW13:739; MC238, 245, 249–50]
  • See also MC14–15, 236.
Langenhain; Frankfurt; Germany; Europe Mashriqul-Adhkar (House of Worship)
1964 4 Jul The House of Worship in Langenhain, Germany, is dedicated. [BW14:483–4]
  • For the message of the Universal House of Justice see BW14:485–6.
  • For pictures see BW14:482, 483, 485, 491.
  • For a description of the teaching conference accompanying the dedication see BW14:586–8.
  • See also MC14–15; PP432–4.
Langenhain; Frankfurt; Germany; Europe Mashriqul-Adhkar (House of Worship)
1971 Apr The International Bahá’í Youth Conference takes places at Oteppe-Namur, Belgium, launching a two-year youth campaign for Europe. [BW15:333–4]
  • For picture see BW15:334.
Oteppe-Namur; Belgium; Europe Conferences, Bahai; Conferences, Youth; Youth
1971 31 Jul - 11 Aug The European Youth Conference takes place in Fiesch, Switzerland, attended by 1,200 youth from 50 countries. [BW15:336–8]
  • About 200 people enrol in the Bahá’í Faith during the conference. [BW15:336]
  • For pictures see BW15:337.
Fiesch; Switzerland; Europe Conferences, Bahai; Conferences, Youth; Youth
1974 11 – 18 Aug The first Teaching Conference of the Arctic and sub-Arctic regions of Europe take place in Tórshavn, Faroe Islands. [BW16:110] Europe
1975 9 – 12 Jul The first International Bahá’í Youth Conference of Iceland takes place in Njardvik with youth from nine countries. [BW16:301] Njardvik; Iceland; Europe Conferences, Bahai; Conferences, Youth; Youth; First conferences
1976 3 – 6 Aug An International Teaching Conference is held in Paris, attended by some 5,700 Bahá’ís. [BW17:81; DM416; VV33]
  • For the message of the Universal House of Justice see BW17:131–2.
  • For the message of Kurt Waldheim, Secretary-General of the United Nations, see BW17:140.
  • For pictures see BW17:109, 117–19.
Paris; France; Europe Kurt Waldheim; United Nations; United Nations, Secretary-Generals; Conferences, Bahai; Conferences, Teaching; Conferences, International; Teaching
1980 Sep The European Parliament, the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe and the United Nations Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities adopt resolutions on the plight of the Bahá’ís in Iran. [BW19:38] Iran European Parliament; Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe; United Nations Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities’ religious persecution
1983 The Association for Bahá’í Studies, English-Speaking Europe, is established in the Republic of Ireland.
  • Responsibility for the Association is transferred to the United Kingdom in 1989.
Ireland; United Kingdom; Europe Bahai Studies, Associations for
1985 6 – 9 Jul The European Bahá’í Youth Conference was held in Antwerp, Belgium, in July 1985, and was attended by some 1,450 youth from 45 nations. The youth addressed the European Parliament and the Council of Europe in letters which told of their resolve to put into action the International Youth Year themes of ‘Participation, Development and Peace’. The youth spoke of programs in which Bahá’ís were supporting the themes, including human rights education and social and economic development projects. [BW19:301]
  • For picture see BW19:315.
Antwerp; Belgium; Europe Conferences, Bahai; Conferences, Youth; Conferences, International; Youth; International Youth Year; European Union
1986 18 – 24 Jul The European Bahá’í Youth Movement is launched at the Bahá’í Youth School, Landegg Conference Centre, Switzerland. [BINS157:9–10; BINS158:10] Switzerland European Baha’i Youth Movement
1988 3 – 7 Aug The first Iberian Youth Conference is held in Lisbon, attended by 120 Bahá’ís from nine European countries. [BINS181:6] Lisbon; Portugal; Europe Conferences, Bahai; Conferences, Youth; Conferences, International; Youth
1989 Jul - Aug Five European Regional ‘Peace Moves’ Youth Conferences are held in different parts of the continent. Europe Conferences, Bahai; Conferences, Youth; Youth; Peace
1989 1 – 2 Jul The first European Bahá’í Women’s Conference is held at De Poort Conference Centre, the Netherlands. [BINS203:2] De Poort; Netherlands European Baha’i Women’s Conference
1989 4 – 6 Nov The European Bahá’í Youth Council, comprising seven youth and appointed by the Universal House of Justice to coordinate those European youth activities that have a continental impact, meets for the first time, in London. [BINS213:4; BW93–4:121] London European Baha’i Youth Council
1989 18 Dec - 1990 2 Jan During the Youth Winter School in Traben-Trarback participants from 12 countries including East Germany, Romania, Hungary and the Soviet Union gather for the first time since the Second World War. [BINS215:2] Traben-Trarback; Germany; Eastern Europe; Soviet Union; Russia Conferences, Bahai; Conferences, Youth; Youth; International conferences; Winter schools; First conferences
1990 The Italian Association for Bahá'í Studies is established in Rome. [BINS232:5]
  • It lapses in 1991 but is re-established in 1992.
Rome; Italy; Europe Bahai Studies, Associations for
1990 The first Adam Benke Project is organized by the Bahá'í European Youth Council in Bulgaria.
  • The first semi-public talks and lectures in Bulgaria are given in restaurants, where people are invited to private meetings.
  • Eleven people become Bahá'ís.
Bulgaria European Youth Council Find ref
1990 The founding of the European Bahá'í Business Forum as an informal network. Their goal is exploring how to contribute to a more prosperous, just and sustainable civilization, through their daily work and discourse. [EBBF] Europe Baha'i Business Forum
1990 The formation of the European Bahá'í Business Forum in France with members from 26 countries in Europe and elsewhere. [VV115]
  • Formed by a group of Bahá'ís active in business and management meeting in Chamonix, France, due to concern about the decline of ethics and values in business.
  • Forum created to promote the moral and spiritual wisdom and principles of the great religious traditions of the world (sources included Judaism, Hinduism, and Christianity as well as the 19th century revelation of Baha'u'llah) such as adherence to the principles of justice, respect, trustworthiness, integrity and unity.
  • Beginning as an informal network, its membership grew requiring the election of a Governing Board.
  • Members have attached importance to sharing their broad experience and to contributing to the improvement of management in emerging free-market economies of Central and Eastern Europe. [ebbf]
Chamonix; France; Europe European Bahai Business Forum (EBBF); Business
1990 1 - 2 Sep The European Bahá'í Business Forum is formed at a meeting in Chamonix, France, attended by people from eight countries. [BINS244:8; VV115]
  • For picture see VV115.
Chamonix; France European Bahai Business Forum (EBBF); Business
1990 22 Nov – 6 Dec The First European Bahá'í Youth Encounter is held in the Canary Islands, attended by over 150 people from eight countries. [BINS239:1] Canary Islands Europe; youth
1991 15 – 21 Jul The first European Bahá'í Youth Conference of Romania is held in Neptune. [BINS253:9; VV74]
  • For picture see VV74.
Neptune; Romania; Europe Conferences, Bahai; Conferences, Youth; Conferences, International Youth
1992 2 – 5 Jan The first European Conference on Bahá'í Activities in Universities is held in Brno, Czechoslovakia. [BINS263:2]
  • BINS290:2 gives a second report of this event, incorrectly implying it was held in January 1993.
Brno; Czechoslovakia European Conference on Baha'i Activities in Universities Find ref
1993 In the year EBBF was registered in Paris as an official non-profit association. Its statutes provide that membership is open to Bahá'ís and non-Bahá'ís alike. [ebbf] Paris; France European Bahai Business Forum (EBBF); Business
1993 Aug The first International Bahá'í Youth Conference of Belarus is held, attended by 164 people from 16 countries. [BINS299:8; BINS306:7; BW93–4:123] Belarus; Europe Conferences, Bahai; Conferences, Youth; Conferences, International; Youth
1993 Oct The first European Bahá'í Medical Conference is held in De Poort, Netherlands, attended by people from 26 countries. [BW93–4:104–5] De Poort; Netherlands European Baha'i Medical Conference
1994 Jul 20 – 25 The European Bahá'í Youth Council sponsors five regional ‘Shaping Europe' conferences, in Berlin, Bucharest, St Petersburg, Barcelona and Wolverhampton, United Kingdom. [BINS323:3–5; BW94–5:177–8, 189] Berlin; Germany; Bucharest; Romania; St Petersburg; Russia; Barcelona; Portugal; Wolverhampton; United Kingdom; Europe Conferences, Bahai; Conferences, Youth; Conferences, International; Youth
1995 Jun 8 – 11 The first European Bahá'í Conference on Law and International Order is held at De Poort Conference Centre, Netherlands. [BINS345:4] De Poort; Netherlands European Baha'i Conference on Law and International Order
2009 2 – 3 Jul More than 20 members of the European Bahá'í Business Forum participated in the Global Ethics Forum, held at United Nations headquarters in Geneva. [BWNS722] Geneva; Switzerland; Europe Global Ethics Form; European Bahai Business Forum (EBBF); Business

from the main catalogue

  1. 100 Years of the Bahá'í Faith in Europe, by Graham Hassall and Seena Fazel, in Bahá'í Studies Review, 8 (1998). Overview of the first 100 years of the Bahá'í Faith in Europe, including growth and the distinctive aspects of this community, external affairs, the role of women, and Bahá'í studies. [about]
  2. 'Abdu'l-Bahá in the West: A Biographical Guide of the People Associated with His Travels, by Jan Teofil Jasion: Review, by Anne Gordon Perry, in Journal of Bahá'í Studies, 25:3 (2015). [about]
  3. 'Abdu'l-Bahá's Encounter with Modernity during His Western Travels, by Wendi Momen, in Lights of Irfan, 13 (2012). Abdu'l-Baha's responses to the West's technology and innovations on the one hand, vs. its archaic racist and sexual philosophies on the other. [about]
  4. Abdu'l-Baha's Travels, by Betty Hoff Conow (1970). [about]
  5. Andalusí Theosophy: A Recontextualization, by Vahid Brown, in Lights of Irfan, Volume 7 (2006). [about]
  6. Bahá'í Communities by Country: Research Notes, by Graham Hassall (2000). Brief notes on the history of Baha'i activities and the dates of NSA formation in Africa, China, Australia, and elsewhere. [about]
  7. Baha'i House of Worship in Europe, The, by Massrouri M. and et al. (2005). Brochure about the history and architectural design, with photos, of the Baha'i Temple in Hofheim am Taunus, Germany. [about]
  8. Choice of the West for Abdu'l-Bahá's Epoch-Making Trip, The, by Baharieh Rouhani Ma'ani, in Lights of Irfan, 13 (2012). Reasons for Abdu'l-Baha choosing Western nations for the climax of his ministry, and results he achieved in Europe and the United States. [about]
  9. Diary of H.M. the Shah of Persia, during his tour through Europe in 1873, The, by Nasir al-Din Shah (1874). Contains no mention of the Babi or Baha'i Faiths, but is useful for historical context, and a window into the Sháh's worldview. [about]
  10. Europe, by Abdu'l-Bahá and Shoghi Effendi, in Bahá'í Studies Review, 1:1 (1991). [about]
  11. Europe, Eastern, and the Soviet Union, by Abdu'l-Bahá and Shoghi Effendi, in Bahá'í Studies Review, 3.1 (1993). [about]
  12. European Bahá'í Archives Workshop (2001). Essays and handouts from a workshop on preservation of source material. Includes forms for archivists, historians, local and national assemblies, archiving methods, oral history guidelines, organizational schemes, and compilations from the Writings. [about]
  13. European Bahá'í Youth Conference in Innsbruck, by Universal House of Justice (1983). Challenges facing European Baha'i Youth, followed by consolation to Baha'i youth in light of the 1983 martyrdoms of young Baha'is in Iran. [about]
  14. Germany, France, Italy, and Switzerland, by Abdu'l-Bahá and Shoghi Effendi, in Bahá'í Studies Review, 4:1 (1994). Compilation of new perspectives on the future of European civilization. Includes introduction by Julio Savi. [about]
  15. History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, by John William Draper (1864). A selection of excerpts from the book. Contains no mention of the Baha'i Faith, but is of interest partly because Abdu'l-Baha referred to this book in Secret of Divine Civilization. [about]
  16. Islamic Contributions to Civilization, by Stanwood Cobb (1963). Overview of the many inventions and sciences which were developed by or transmitted by Islamic people and nations. [about]
  17. Light of Divine Guidance: Volume 1, by Shoghi Effendi (1982). [about]
  18. Light of Divine Guidance: Volume 2, by Shoghi Effendi (1985). [about]
  19. Migrants and Refugees in Europe, by Universal House of Justice (2015). Principles to guide the response of the Bahá’í community to the dramatic social changes concerning the 2015 influx into Europe of people fleeing conflict in the Middle East, especially Syria. [about]
  20. Netherlands: History of the Baha'i Faith, by Will C. van den Hoonaard (1993). [about]
  21. Ridván 1996 (Four Year Plan) - To the Followers of Bahá'u'lláh in Europe: Bahá'í Era 153, by Universal House of Justice (1996). Country-specific portion of the annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world: Europe. [about]
  22. Spiritual Growth, Essential Requisites for, by Universal House of Justice (1983). Letter to Europe, its historically-recent turn away from religion, six ways to improve spirituality, and the importance of prayer and meditation. [about]
  23. Tablet to Napoleon III (Lawh-i-Napulyún): Biography of Napoleon, in Encyclopedia Britannica (1999). First Tablet to Napoleon. [about]
  24. Women and Religious Change: A case study in the colonial migrant experience, by Miriam Dixson, in Australian Bahá'í Studies, vol. 2 (2000). The story of Margaret Dixson, and one woman's growth from Anglicanism, via numerology and astrology, to commitment to the world ideals of the Baha'i Faith. [about]
 
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