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from the chronology

date event locations tags see also
1848 Apr-Jul The presence of the Báb in Chihríq attracts much notice. Eventually Yahyá Khán softens his attitude to the Báb. [B135; DB303]
  • Excitement among local people eclipses that of Máh-Kú. [GPB20]
  • Many priests and government officials become followers, among them Mírzá Asadu'lláh of Khuy, surnamed Dayyán. [B136; DB303; GPB20]
  • So many Bábís come to Chihríq that they cannot all be housed. [B135]
  • See B136 for story of the inferior honey.
  • A dervish, a former navváb, arrives from India after having seen the Báb in a vision. [B137; DB305; GPB20]
  • The Báb reveals the Lawh-i-Hurúfát (Tablet of the Letters) in honour of Dayyán. [DB304; GPB27]
Chihríq; Iran; Persia; India Bab; Yahya Khan; Mah-Ku; Mirza Asadu'llah; Khuy; Dayyan; Babis; honey; dervish; navvab; Lawh-i-Hurufat; Tablet Letters
1851 Nov c. Siyyid Basír-Hindí, a blind Indian, is put to death by Ildirím Mírzá. [BW18:382]

  • For details of his life see DB588–90.
Siyyid Basir-Hindi; Indian; death; Ildirim Mirza
1863 or earlier Colonel Sir Arnold Burrowes Kemball, the British Consul-General in Baghdád, offers Bahá'u'lláh the protection of British citizenship and offers Him residence in India or anywhere of Bahá'u'lláh's choosing. [BBR183, 234; BBRSM65; GPB131]

  • Bahá'u'lláh declines the invitation, preferring to remain in Ottoman lands. [GBP131]
  • See BBR183, 508 for details on Kemball; see BBR160–1 for a picture.
Baghdád; Iraq; India; Britain; Colonel; Arnold Burrowes Kemball; British; Consul-General; Baha'u'llah; Ottoman
1875 Bahá'u'lláh sends Sulaymán Khán Ilyás, Jamál Effendi, to India. [BW4:285; GPB195; MC155]
  • See EB120–1, 122–8 and MF134–8.
  • BBRSM90, 193 say he was sent in 1871 and left in 1878. EB122 says he reached Bombay in 1878 and stayed 11 years on the subcontinent.
  • His work helps establish Bahá'í communities in Bombay, Calcutta and Madras as well as in Burma. [BBRSM91; GPB225]
  • Among those he teaches is Siyyid Mustafá Rúmí, who later founds the Bahá'í community of Burma. [BW10:517]
Bombay; Calcutta; Madras; India; Burma; Sulayman Khan Ilyas; Jamal Effendi; Siyyid Mustafa Rumi
1886 In the year Birth of Narayan Rao Sethji Vakil, the first Hindu to become a Bahá'í in Surat Gajarat, India. Surat; Gujarat; India Narayan Rao Sethji Vakil
1904 1 Dec Sidney Sprague arrives in India. [BFA2:XVI]
  • He is the first American Bahá'í travelling teacher in Asia. [BFA2:XVI]
India Sidney Sprague; travel teacher
1906 10 Nov Hooper Harris and Harlan Ober sail from Hoboken, New Jersey, for Naples and `Akká en route to India. [BFA2:266]
  • See BFA266–71 for details of the trip.
India Hooper Harris; Harlan Ober
1909 Nov Charles Mason Remey and Howard Struven leave the United States on the first Bahá'í teaching trip to circle the globe. [BFA2:348, GPB261]
  • They go to Hawaii, Japan, Shanghai, Singapore and to Burma, India and `Akká. [BFA2:348–50]
Hawaii; Japan; Shanghai; Singapore; Burma; India; `Akká Charles Mason Remey; Howard Struven; travel teaching
1911 A systematic teaching campaign is launched in India with the assistance of two American women and a 19-member teaching council is elected. [BBRSM:194 220]

India; teaching council
1918 Sep 23 The 1st Battle of Haifa: The battle was won due to a courageous uphill assault by the Jodhpur Lancers of the Indian Army which took the German and Turkish artillery and machine gun emplacements on top of Mount Carmel by surprise. This attack is believed to have been one of the last cavalry charge in modern military history. Each year, on this date, the Indian Army commemorates this victory as Haifa Day.

"During the early years of World War I, though no longer imprisoned, ‘Abdu’l-Baha faced repeated threats against His life by authorities that were antagonistic toward Him and the Baha’is. The Commander of the Ottoman fourth army corps had even threatened to crucify ‘Abdu’l-Baha if the Turkish army were ever to be displaced out of Haifa." Lady Bloomfield in London had learned of this threat and through her contacts in Cabinet the British Army were instructed to protect Him and His family. [BWNS69, BWNS1202]

Mount Carmel; Israel battle; Jodhpur Lancers; Indian Army; German; Turkish; Turkey; Haifa Day
1920 27-29 Dec The first All-India Bahá'í Convention is held in Bombay with 175 in attendance. [AB446; BBRSM194; 115] Bombay All-India Baha'i Convention
1923 Apr National Spiritual Assemblies are elected in the British Isles, India and Germany. [GPB333]
  • The election of the British National Spiritual Assembly is by postal ballot. [ER228]
  • For membership of the British National Spiritual Assembly see ER228 and SBR71.
  • See also ER223-31 for the election and functioning of the British National Spiritual Assembly.
British Isles; India; Germany National Spiritual Assembly
1930 Dec The first Asian Women’s Conference is held in India. [BW17:180] India Asian Women’s Conference
1933 Jan The National Spiritual Assembly of India and Burma incorporate in Lahore, in the state of Punjab under the provisions of the Societies Registration Act of 1960. [GPB336] India; Lahore;
1936 The first woman is elected to the National Spiritual Assembly of India, Shirin Fozdar. India Shirin Fozdar.
1938 Ridván The National Spiritual Assembly of India, (Pakistan) and Burma launched a Six Year Plan (1838-1944). [Ruhi 8.2 p46, BBRSM158]
  • Lack of funds prevent the plan from being implemented until 1940. [SBBH2:160]
India; Pakistan; Burma Teaching Plans; Six Year Plan
1938 Sep The first Bahá’í summer school to be held in India takes place in Simla. [BBRSM194; BW8:199] Simla; India summer school
1945 1 Aug A children’s hostel is founded in Panchgani, Maharashtra state, India. [BBD171; BBRSM153; BW16:320]
  • It expands into the New Era High School.
  • For the history of the school see BW16:320–6.
Panchgani; Maharashtra state; India New Era High School
1946 Ridán India and Burma launch a Four and One-Half Year Plan. (1946-1951) [Ruhi 8.2 p46] India; Burma Teaching Plans; Four and one-half year plan
1946 Oct A four-and-a-half year teaching plan for India, Pakistan and Burma (1946–50) is launched. [BBRSM158; CB316] India four-and-a-half year teaching plan
1947 Ridván The National Spiritual Assembly of India and Burma is established. India; Burma NSA India and Burma
1951 The Nineteen-Month Teaching Plan (1951–3) for India, Pakistan and Burma is launched. [BBRSM158; DND148–50] India; Pakistan; Burma Nineteen-Month Teaching Plan
1951 Ridván The National Spiritual Assembly of the Bahá'ís of India, Pakistan and Burma launch the Two Year Plan (1951-1953). [Ruhi 8.2 p46] India; Pakistan; Burma Teaching Plans; Two Year Plan
1951 Ridván Several National Spiritual Assemblies-Britain, Egypt, India, Iran and the United States, join forces in their first collaborative teaching effort called the Africa Campaign (1951-1953). [Ruhi 8.2 p46, BBRSM158, MBW135-140]
  • See also UD261 for the significance of the Africa Campaign.
Britain; Egypt; India; Iran; USA Teaching Plans; Africa Campaign
1953 7 – 15 Oct The Asian Intercontinental Teaching Conference is held in New Delhi. [BW12:178]
  • For Shoghi Effendi’s message to the conference see BW12:178–81.
  • For a report of the conference see BW12:181–8.
  • This is the first international Bahá’í gathering ever to be held in the East. [BW12:181; SBR171]
  • It is attended by 489 Bahá’ís representing 31 countries. [BW 12:181]
  • The design for the International Bahá’í Archives is revealed to the Bahá’ís of the world for the first time at this conference. [DH168]
New Delhi; India Asian Intercontinental Teaching Conference; International Baha’i Archives; Intercontinental Teaching Conference; conference
1961 Jan - Feb Hand of the Cause of God Dr Rahmatu’lláh Muhájir travels to India and demonstrates the principle of mass teaching. [DM172–84; SBBH2:165–7]
  • Mass teaching begins in the rural area of Madhya Pradesh among the Hindu population. In 1961 there are 850 Bahá’ís; in 1963 87,000; by 1973 nearly 400,000; and by 1987 about two million. In 1983 45 per cent of all local spiritual assemblies are in India. [BBRSM195; BW13:299]
India Hand of the Cause; Rahmatu’llah Muhajir
1962 Thirty thousand new Bahá’ís enrol in India in six months. [VV9] India
1962 autumn A property is acquired outside of Gwalior, India, for a teaching institute. [DM192]
  • The institute is later converted into a boarding hostel solely for Indian children and still later into the ‘Rabbani School’, now an accredited agricultural school. [DM192–3; VV82]
Gwalior; India teaching institute
1967 5 – 10 Oct Six Intercontinental Conferences are held simultaneously in Panama City, Wilmette, Sydney, Kampala, Frankfurt and New Delhi to celebrate the centenary of the proclamation of Bahá’u’lláh to the kings and rulers of the world in September/October of 1867. [BW 14:221]
  • For the message of the Universal House of Justice to the conferences see BW14:221–2.
  • For descriptions of each conference see BW14:223–58.
  • The six Hands of the Cause representing the Universal House of Justice at the conferences travelled to Adrianople to visit the House of Bahá’u’lláh before dispersing to the conferences. [BW14:236, 458; VV2]
Panama City; Panama; Wilmette; US; Sydney; Australia; Kampala; Uganda; Frankfurt; Germany; New Delhi; India Intercontinental Conference; Conference
1970 May One thousand Guajiro Indians become Bahá’ís in Venezuela. [BW15:241] Venezuela Guajiro Indians
1975 Oct The New Era Rural Development Project, the first project of its kind in the world, begins in the villages around Panchgani, India. [BW17:227–8] Panchgani; India New Era Rural Development Project
1980 2 May The Bahá’ís of India commemorate the centenary of the founding of the Bahá’í Faith in their country with a reception attended by about 400 guests, including the Minister of Foreign Affairs. [BW18:246–7] India
1982 27 Jun The Bahá’í Youth Academy is established in Panchgani, India. [BW18:230–2] Panchgani; India Bahá’í Youth Academy
1983 The Association for Bahá’í Studies, India, is established. [BW19:360] India ABS
1983. 24 Feb The inauguration of the Bahá'í Vocational Institute for Rural Women at Indore, India. It offers rural women residential courses on literacy, health care and income generating skills. The success of this school was recognized in 1992 when it won one of the Global 500 Environmental Action awards that was presented at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro [The Baha'ismagazine]. Indore,India Baha'i Vocational Institute for Rural Women
1985 Aug An International Youth Conference to support the United Nations International Youth Year is held in New Delhi, India, attended by more than 550 youth from 24 countries. [BW19:300] New Delhi; India International Youth Conference; International Youth Year
1986 23 May Fourteen State Bahá’í Councils are elected in India by members of local spiritual assemblies. [BW19:162; VV99–100]
  • For a description of the Councils and their responsibilities see BW19:162–4.
India Baha’i Council
1986. 23 - 27 Dec International Teaching Conference was held in New Delhi in conjunction with the opening of the Mashriqu'l-Adhkár. It was attended by 8,000 Bahá'ís from 114 countries. [BW20p731-753] New Delhi; India International Teaching Conference; Mashriqu'l-Adhkar
1986 24 Dec The House of Worship in New Delhi, India, is dedicated in the presence of Hand of the Cause Amatu’l-Bahá Rúhíyyih Khánum and more than 8,000 Bahá’ís from 114 countries. [AWH47; BINS161; BW19:102 BW20p732-733, VV92]
  • See VV93–4 for pictures.
New Delhi; India House of Worship; Amatu’l-Baha Ruhiyyih Khanum; Hand of the Cause; Mashriqu'l-Adhkar
1987 Ridván A reorganization of the areas of jurisdiction of local spiritual assemblies in India results in the loss of 5,000 assemblies, substantially reducing the over-all number of local assemblies in the world. India LSA
1988 Jun Over 100,000 people, including large numbers of women, youth and families, become Bahá’ís in Uttar Pradesh, India. [BINS179:4] Uttar Pradesh; India
1988 Sep A teaching project in Maddhya Pradesh, India, enrols 20,000 new Bahá’ís in Morena District. [BINS185:4] Maddhya Pradesh; India
1988 Oct In the State of Orissa, India, 2,600 people become Bahá’ís and 16 new local spiritual assemblies are formed in 15 days. State of Orissa; India LSA
1988 Nov - Dec One thousand one hundred people become Bahá’ís in the State of Gujarat, India. [BINS190:5] India
1988 Nov - Dec Six hundred people become Bahá’ís in West Bengal and 5,150 in Orissa, India. [BINS189:4–5] India
1988 Nov - Dec The first members of the Jhana tribe to become Bahá’ís enrol in India. [BINS189:5] India
1989 Oct - Nov In India, 4,300 people become Bahá’ís in the State of Orissa. [BINS213:3] India
1990 9 Apr The first professorial Chair in Bahá'í Studies is established at Indore University, India. [BINS222:8; VV108] Indore; India Chair Baha'i Studies; Devi Ahilya University
1990 9 Apr The establishment of the Chair for Bahá'í Studies at the University of Indore (later renamed Devi Ahilya Vishwavidyalaya). Dr. Vishnudatta Nagar was appointed to the position. [BW'86-‘92pg454] Indore; India Chair Baha'i Studies; University Indore; Devi Ahilya Vishwavidyalaya; Vishnudatta Nagar
1992 A Chair for Bahá'í Studies was established at the University of Indore, India. [VV108] India Chair for Baha'i Studies; University of Indore
1992 The publication of the statement entitled "Bahá'u'lláh”, prepared by the Office of Public Information at the Bahá'í World Centre. The statement was formally release at a press conference in Bombay, India by Hassan Sabri. [VV126] Bombay; India Office of Public; Hassan Sabri
1993 24 Oct The establishment of the India Hindi Bahá'í Academy (The Rashtriya Bahá'í Uchcha Shiksha Sansthan) in Lucknow (Uttar Pradesh).
  • It is a national institute for higher learning of the Bahá'í Faith.
  • There are three courses of study, a three year Advanced Bahá'í Studies course, a two year, post-graduate, Specialised Course and short courses for 3-5 days. The study scheme employs correspondence courses and campus contact, a programme for personal clarifications for the learners’ difficulties. Two question papers are also sent to them in each semester.
  • The evaluation employs a two fold method: Viva voce examination based on the study materials and practical input in the field of service. Paper presentations, self reflection in the form of stories, songs, pictures, etc., and assignments in the active service of the Faith as well as making formal speeches all form a part of the final evaluation. [Bahá'í India website]
Lucknow; India India Hindi Baha'i Academy (The Rashtriya Baha'i Uchcha Shiksha Sansthan)
1995 Jan The first meeting of the Association of Bahá'í Doctors and Health Professionals in India takes place. [BW94–5:116] India
1995 Oct – Dec More than a million people visit the Bahá'í House of Worship in India in this period. [BINS357:5] India Mashriqu'l-Adhkar; statistic
1996 15 Jan A Chair for Bahá'í Studies is inaugurated at the University of Lucknow. [BINS354:3] Lucknow; India Chair for Baha'i Studies
2002 6 June City Montessori School in Lucknow, India wing the UNESCO Peace Education award in recognition of its efforts to promote the universal values of education for peace and tolerance and to renew the principles of secularism at a time when these values and principles are increasingly being challenged. The school was founded by Mr. Jagdish Gandhi and his wife Bharti in 1959 with only 5 students and has since earned a reputation for a high level of academic excellence — and for a distinctive program of moral and spiritual education. In 1999 the Guinness Book of World Records recognized City Montessori School as the world's largest school by enrollment. The school had some 22,000 students that year. In 2002 it had 26,000 students in grade levels ranging from pre-primary to college and in 2010-11 enrolment was 39,437. In 2014-14 it was over 47,000. Technically speaking, CMS is not so much a school as a school district, with some 20 branches spread throughout Lucknow. [CMS site, BWNS165, BWNS146, One CountryVol.14,Issue 1] Lucknow; India; UNESCO Peace Education award; UNESCO; Jagdish Gandhi; Bharti Gandhi; School; City Montessori School
2003 18 Mar The President of India, Abdul Kalam, visited the Bahá'í House of Worship in New Delhi, the first official visit there by an Indian Head of State since the Temple was opened in December 1986. [BWNS204] New Delhi; India Abdul Kalam; Baha'i House of Worship in New Delhi; Continental Mashriqu’l-Adhkar; Mashriqu'l-Adhkar
2006 15 Jul The Bahá'í Academy has entered into a formal agreement with one of India's top-ranked universities to offer specialized training in education for moral development to its students, faculty, and staff. [BWNS470] Pune; India Baha'i Academy; University of Pune
2008 15 – 16 Nov Regional Conferences held in Bangui, Central African Republic, Bangalore, India and Uvira, Democratic Republic of the Congo, [BWNS669] Bangui; Central African Republic; Bangalore; India; Uvira; Democratic Republic of the Congo Regional Conferences
2008 22 – 23 Nov Regional Conferences held in Quito, Ecuador, New Delhi, India, Kolkata, India, and Lubumbashi, Democratic Republic of the Congo. [BWNS673] Quito; Ecuador; New Delhi; India; Kolkata; India; Lubumbashi; Democratic Republic of the Congo Regional Conferences
2012 21 Apr Plans are announced that the Universal House of Justice is entering into consultations with respective National Spiritual Assemblies regarding the erection of the first local Houses of Worship in each of the following clusters: Battambang, Cambodia; Bihar Sharif, India; Matunda Soy, Kenya; Norte del Cauca, Colombia; and Tanna, Vanuatu. [Riḍván 2012 To the Bahá’ís of the World] Haifa; Israel; Battambang; Cambodia; Bihar Sharif; India; Matunda Soy; Kenya; Norte del Cauca; Colombia; and Tanna; Vanuatu. local Mashriqu’l-Adhkar; Local House of Worship; Mashriqu’l-Adhkar

from the main catalogue

  1. Amatu'l-Bahá Visits India, by Violette Nakhjavani (1966). The story of Rúhíyyih Khánum's 9-month journey across India and Southeast Asia in 1964, as told by her travel companion. [about]
  2. Bahá'í Bhajans: An example of the Bahá'í Use of Hindu Symbols, by William Garlington, in Occasional Papers in Shaykhi, Babi and Bahá'í Studies, 2:1 (1998). [about]
  3. Bahá'í Proselytization in Malwa, India, by William Garlington, in Occasional Papers in Shaykhi, Babi and Bahá'í Studies, 5:2 (2001). [about]
  4. Bahá'í Faith in India, The: A Developmental Stage Approach, by William Garlington, in Occasional Papers in Shaykhi, Babi and Bahá'í Studies, 2 (1997). [about]
  5. Bahá'í Faith in Malwa, The: A Study of a Contemporary Religious Movement, by William Garlington (1975). A broad overview of Baha'i history in general and in India in particular. Examination of present-day activities, sociological frameworks of village life, and development of local Baha'i administrative orders. [about]
  6. Biographical letter from a Hindu villager, by Daya Ram Malviya (1974). A glimpse into the life of an Indian convert to the Faith. [about]
  7. Comparison of the Seven Valleys and the American Indian Peace Shield, by Nina Bailey (1999). Comparison study between the spiritual teachings of the ancient Native American Indian Peace Shield and the spiritual journey described by Bahá'u'lláh in The Seven Valleys [about]
  8. Conversion Movements within Hindu Village Culture, by Susan Maneck (1997). Hindu, Christian, and Baha'i conversion patterns in India. [about]
  9. Dawn of a New Day, by Shoghi Effendi (1970). Early version of Messages of Shoghi Effendi to India. [about]
  10. Development of the Bahá'í Faith in Malwa, The: 1941-1974, by William Garlington, in Occasional Papers in Shaykhi, Babi and Bahá'í Studies, 3:1 (1999). A socio-cultural examination of Bahá'í mass teaching as experienced in Central India. [about]
  11. Half the Household Was African: Recovering the Histories of Two African Slaves in Iran, by Anthony Lee, in UCLA Historical Journal, 26:1 (2015). Biographies of two enslaved Africans in Iran, Haji Mubarak and Fezzeh Khanum, the servants of The Bab. A history of slavery in Iran can be written, not only at the level of statistics, laws, and politics, but also at the level of individual lives. [about]
  12. Historical Account of Two Indian Babis: Sa'en Hindi and Sayyid Basir Hindi, by Sepehr Manuchehri (2001). Includes translated excerpts from a number of Persian sources on these two individuals. [about]
  13. India: A Modern History, by Percival Spear (1961). 1-sentence excerpt from Chapter 8, "Islam in India." [about]
  14. India, Notes on Bahá'í Population, by Charles Nolley and William Garlington (1997). Indian membership numbers, and how "enrollment" there has a different meaning than in developed countries. [about]
  15. Institution of the Mashriqu'l-Adhkár, The, by Universal House of Justice and Horace Holley, in Bahá'í World, Vol. 18 (1979-1983) (1986). Five documents from Baha'i World 18 part four section 5: Institution of the Mashriqu'l-Adhkar, its spiritual significance, the temple on the Indian sub-continent, the Lotus of Bahapur, and the first Mashriqu'l-Adhkar of the Pacific Islands. [about]
  16. Inter-religious gathering in New Delhi, and Address to Pope John Paul II, by Zena Sorabjee and National Spiritual Assembly of India (1999). Brief address by Counsellor Sorabjee to an inter-religious gathering organised by the Roman Catholic Church in New Delhi with with Pope John Paul II, and a short description of the event by the NSA of India, as shared by the House of Justice. [about]
  17. Jamál Effendi and the early history of the Bahá'í Faith in South Asia, by Moojan Momen, in Bahá'í Studies Review, 9 (1999). Includes maps on Jamal Effendi's journeys in India, and journeys in Southeast Asia. [about]
  18. Messages of Shoghi Effendi to the Indian Subcontinent: 1923-1957, by Shoghi Effendi (1995). Revised and expanded version of Dawn of a New Day. [about]
  19. New Religious Movements, Tolkien, Marriage, by Universal House of Justice (1994). Various questions: new religious movements; Indian Letter of the Living; J.R.R. Tolkien; eternality of the marriage bond; illumination of Baha'u'llah's tablets. [about]
  20. Rabindranath Tagore: Some Encounters with Bahá'ís, by Peter Terry (1992). 'Abdu'l-Baha is alleged to have met India's poet laureate Tagore in Chicago in 1912. This article examines the historical sources for that story. [about]
  21. References to the Bahá'í Faith in the U.S. State Department's Country Reports on Human Rights Practices, by United States Department of State (1991). Excerpts from the State Department's annual compilation of Country Reports on Human Rights Practices on discrimination against the Baha'i Faith and persecution of its adherents in twenty countries. [about]
  22. Sri Aurobindo Movement and the Bahá'í Faith, by Anil Sarwal (2001). Summary historical connections between the two communities. [about]
  23. Year With the Bahá'ís of India and Burma, A, by Sydney Sprague (1908). [about]
  24. Yoga, by Universal House of Justice (2015). Four quotations from the House on the practice of hatha yoga. [about]
 
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