Search for tag "Martha Root"
|1872. 10 Aug
||Birth of Martha Root, Hand of the Cause and itinerant Bahá'í teacher, in Richmond, Ohio.
||Richmond; Ohio; United States
||Martha Root; Hands of the Cause; Hands of the Cause, Births and deaths; Births and deaths
|1919 26 Apr-1 May
||The 14 Tablets of the Divine Plan are unveiled in a dramatic ceremony at the Hotel McAlpin in New York, during the `Convention of the Covenant'. [ABNYP172Note24, BBD219; PP437; SBBH1:134; SBBH2:135; SBR86; AB220TDPXI]
Agnes Parsons arrives from her pilgrimage just before the close of the convention and is able to convey the instructions from `Abdu'l-Bahá to arrange a Convention for `the unity of the coloured and white races'. [BW5:413; SBR87]
- For details of the convention programme, Tablets and talks given see SW10, 4:54-72; SW10, 5:83-94; SW10, 6:99-103, 111-12 SW10, 7:122-7, 138; SW10, 10:197-203; and SW10, 12:2279.
- Mary Maxwell (Rúhíyyih Khánum) is among the young people who unveil the Tablets. [PP437]
- Hyde and Clara Dunn and Martha Root respond immediately to the appeal, the Dunns going to Australia where they open 700 towns to the Faith, and Martha Root embarking on the first of her journeys which are to extend over 20 years. [GPB308; MR88]
- See also CT138-9.
|New York; United States
||Tablets of the Divine Plan; Abdul-Baha, Writings and talks of; Charters; Conventions, National; Amatul-Baha Ruhiyyih Khanum; Agnes Parsons; Hyde Dunn; Clara Dunn; Martha Root; Race (general); Race amity; Race unity
|1919 22 Jul
||Martha Root leaves New York on the first of her teaching journeys for the Bahá'í Faith. [MR90]
|1919 c. 4 Aug
||Martha Root sets foot in South America for the first time, at Para (Belém), Brazil. [MR93; MRHK44]
- See MR93-100 and MRHK44-59 for her teaching work in Brazil.
|South America; Para (Belé m); Brazil
|1919 19 Sep
||Martha Root arrives in Montevideo, Uruguay, the first Bahá'í to visit the country.
- She spends 12 hours in the city, gives books to two libraries and places an article about the Faith in the newspaper El Dia.
|1919 20 Sep
||Martha Root arrives in Argentina, the first recorded visit of a Bahá'í to this country. [MR101]
- She remains in Buenos Aires until 4 October. [MR101]
- See MR101-2 and MRHK61-5 for her teaching work in Argentina.
- See MR103-6 and MRHK66-9 for her journey over the Andes on a mule.
|Buenos Aires; Argentina
||Martha Root; Andes; First Bahais by country or area
||Martha Root visits Chile, the first Bahá'í to do so.
- During her four-hour stay in Valparaiso she meets with the Theosophical Society to speak about the Bahá'í Faith.
||Martha Root; Theosophical Society
|1919 25 Oct
||Martha Root arrives in Panama, the first Bahá'í to visit the country. She spends one week there.
||Martha Root visits Cuba for one day, the first Bahá'í to do so, and lectures on the Bahá'í Faith.
|1923 25 Apr
||Martha Root leaves Osaka for northern China. [PH31]
- It is her second visit to China and lasts until March 1924. [PH31-2]
|1923 4 Nov
||The first recorded Bahá'í Feast in China is held in Beijing. [PH33]
- Martha Root and Agnes Alexander are present. [PH33]
||Nineteen Day Feast; Martha Root; Agnes Alexander
||The National Spiritual Assembly of Egypt and the Sudan is formed, the first national body in Africa. [BBRSM121; GPB333]
Martha Root gives the first African radio broadcast about the Bahá'í Faith, in Cape Town.
|Egypt; Sudan; Cape Town; South Africa
||NSA; Martha Root
||Martha Roots visits Budapest and teaches the Faith to one of the grandsons of Arminius Vámbéry, Mr. György Vámbéry. He was 21 at the time and passed away some two years later. [www.bahai.hu]
||Martha Root; Arminius Vambery; Gyorgy Vambery
|1926 28 Jan
||Martha Root sends a note and a copy of Bahá’u’lláh and the New Era to Queen Marie of Romania. [GBF42; GPB390; MR242]
||Martha Root; Queen Marie of Romania; Esslemont
|1926 30 Jan
||Martha Root meets with Queen Marie of Romania for the first time. [BBR59; GBF42; GPB390; PP107, HEC49]
- For the details of the meeting and the acceptance of the Faith by Queen Marie see GBP389–96, BW6p580 and MR240–6.
- This was the first of eight meetings between Martha Root and Queen Marie.
||Martha Root; Queen Marie of Romania; Bahai royalty
|1926 First week in Feb
||Martha Root arrives in Bulgaria, the earliest documented visit to that country by a Bahá’í. [MR247]
- She stays 12 days. [MR247]
- Bahá’ís had passed through Bulgaria on their way to Turkey, but Martha Root’s visit is the first one documented.
||Martha Root journeys through the Baltic States, becoming the first Bahá’í to visit Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia (2 May). [MR272–4]
||Baltic States; Latvia; Lithuania; Estonia
||Martha Root visited the parents of Milosh Wurm in Brno. He had been the first to become a Bahá'í in Czechoslovakia and the first to have translated a book into Czech when he was only seventeen years of age. He lost his life in the Great War. [BW3p44, Bahá'í Historical Facts 26 March, 2018]
||Martha Root; Milosh Wurm; First Bahais by country or area
||The first International Religious Congress for World Peace was held at The Hague. It was attended by Martha Root. [BW3:45]
||Hague, The; Netherlands
||Conferences, Peace; Martha Root; First conferences
|1929 End of Aug
||Martha Root arrives in Albania, the first Bahá’í to set foot in the country. [MR317]
- She obtains an audience with King Zog I and is warmly received by him. [MR319]
- For Martha Root’s own account of her stay in Albania see MR319–20.
||Martha Root; King Zog I
|1930 2 Jan
||Martha Roots meets with King Faisal of Iraq in Baghdad. The King says that a committee has been formed to study the problem and to settle it in such a way as to satisfy all groups interested in the matter. [MRHK149]
||House of Bahaullah (Baghdad); Martha Root; King Faisal
||Martha Root meets with Queen Marie of Romania for the eighth and last time. [MRHK413]
||Martha Root; Queen Marie of Romania
|1939 28 Sep
||Martha Root, ‘foremost Hand raised by Bahá’u’lláh’, passes away in Honolulu. (b. 10 August,1872 Richwood Union County Ohio, USA) [BBD198–9; GPB388; MRHK486; PP105]
- Photos of her gravesite 1, 2 and 3.
- Directions to her gravesite.
- For Shoghi Effendi’s tribute to her see GPB386–9.
- On the 2nd of October Shoghi Effendi announced her appointment to the rank of Hand of the Cause of God. [MoCxxii]
- Shoghi Effendi calls her the ‘archetype of Bahá’í itinerant teachers’, the ‘foremost Hand raised by Bahá’u’lláh since ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s passing’, ‘Leading ambassadress of His Faith’ and ‘Pride of Bahá’í teachers’. [GPB386]
- From the Guardian...her "acts shed imperishable lustre American Bahá'í Community". [PP106]
- For her obituary see BW8:643–8.
- She is buried in the Nuuanu Cemetery, Honolulu.
- See also Garis, Martha Root: Lioness at the Threshold and Martha Root: Herald of The Kingdom.
- See Other People Other Places by Marzieh Gail (pages 170-175) for a pen-portrait of Martha Root.
- She was designated a Hand of the Cause of God on the 3rd of October, 1954
||Martha Root; Hands of the Cause; Hands of the Cause, Births and deaths; Births and deaths; Hands of the Cause, Activities; Hands appointed posthumously by Shoghi Effendi; Cemeteries and graves; In Memoriam
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- Fadil-i-Mazandarani, by Universal House of Justice (1998). Was Fadil-i-Mazandarani declared a Hand of the Cause of God, and on determining if there were other Hands. [about]
- In search of Martha Root: An American Bahá'í feminist and peace advocate in the early twentieth century, by Jiling Yang (2007). Early life of Root, her four world teaching trips from 1919 to 1939 with a focus on peace advocacy, and gender and identity reflections on Tahirih. Link to thesis (offsite). [about]
- Interdependence of Bahá'í Communities, The: Services of North American Bahá'í Women to Iran, by Baharieh Rouhani Ma'ani, in Journal of Bahá'í Studies, 4:1 (1991). [about]
- Letter to Martha Root, by Abdu'l-Bahá (1920). A letter to believers in America. [about]
- Martha Root: "Herald of the Kingdom", by Barbara Casterline, in Bahá'í News, 496-497 (1972). Two-part overview of Root's life and a concise history of her travels. [about]
- Martha Root's gravesite in Honolulu, driving directions. Written directions to the resting place of Martha Louise Root, in Honolulu Hawaii [about]
- Root, Martha, by Richard Francis (1993). Bio of the "Herald of the Kingdom, Lioness at the Threshold." [about]
- Root, Martha Louise, by Loni Bramson, in World Religions: Belief, Culture, and Controversy (2011). [about]
- Tahirih, The Pure, Iran's Greatest Woman, by Martha L. Root (1938). Life Story of Tahirih, the Heroine of the Faith of the Bab, 1938 Edition [about]
- When the Saints Come Marching In: The Art of Bahá'í Biography, by Sidney Edward Morrison and Frank Lewis, in dialogue magazine, 1:1 (1986). Comments on hagiography, including reviews of nine popular Baha'i biographies. Includes response "In Praise of Saints" by Frank Lewis (from dialogue 1:3). [about]