|1899. 19 Nov
||Birth of Yan Kee Leong, the first believer in Malaya, in Selangor, Malaysia.
||Yan Kee Leong
|1909 21 Mar
||`Abdu'l-Bahá lays the sacred remains of the Báb in their final resting place at the Shrine in Haifa. [AB126; BBD210; DH138; GBF103; GPB276]
- See AB126–30, CT84 and GPB273–8 for details of the occasion and its history.
- The Shrine is a simple rectangular structure of six rooms. [DH71, ZK284]
- The marble sarcophagus used for the remains of the Báb is a gift from the Bahá'ís of Rangoon. [AB129; MC155]
- For details of the sarcophagus see RB3:431.
|Mount Carmel; Rangoon; Chicago
||Shrine of the Bab; marble sarcophagus; Baha'i Convention; Corinne True; Baha'i Temple Unity; Temple
|1926 24 Jun
||Enoch Olinga, future Hand of the Cause of God, is born in Abaango, Uganda.
||Enoch Olinga; Hand of the Cause
|1940 (in the decade)
||The first Bahá’ís reside in the Belgian Congo (Zaire), Mr Rajah Ali Vahdat and Mme Marthe Molitor.
||Rajah Ali Vahdat; Marthe Molitor
||In the village of Daidanaw eleven Bahá'ís were slain. Records, books and documents that had been transferred to Daidanaw from the headquarters in Mandalay and Rangoon were lost when the headquarters building was destroyed by file. [BW11]p33]
||Daidanaw; Mandalay; Rangoon; Burma
||The first local spiritual assembly in the Dominican Republic is established in Santo Domingo.
- There are nine indigenous believers in the city.
||The National Spiritual Assembly of the Bahá’ís of the United States and Canada is accredited by the United Nations as a non-governmental organization. [BW12:597; PP303]
||NSA United States and Canada; United Nations; NGO
||The name ‘Bahá’í International Community’ is first used to refer to the eight existing National Spiritual Assemblies recognized collectively as a non-governmental organization. [BBRSM149; BW11:43; BW12:597]
- The Bahá’í International Community evolved to become an international non-governmental organization with affiliates in over 180 countries and territories, which together represent over 5-6 million members of the Bahá’í Faith. As an international NGO, the Office interacts and cooperates with the United Nations, its specialized agencies, with governments, as well as with inter-governmental and non-governmental organizations. The BIC seeks to promote and apply principles — derived from the teachings of the Bahá’í Faith — which contribute to the resolution of current day challenges facing humanity and the development of a united, peaceful, just, and sustainable civilization. The work of the BIC focuses on the promotion of a universal standard for human rights, the advancement of women, and the promotion of just and equitable means of global prosperity.
- Mildred Mottahedeh is appointed to serve as the accredited Bahá’í International Observer, a post she holds as a volunteer for almost 20 years. [BW12:601]
- The following is a list of UN agencies with whom the BIC has representation:
United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF),
United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM),
United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC),
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and
World Health Organization (WHO).
||BIC; National Spiritual Assembly; NGO; Mildred Mottahedeh; UNICEF; UNIFEM; ECOSOC; UNEP; WHO
||Portuguese Bahá’ís Mr António and Mrs Ema Rocha, Mrs Guedes DeMelo Rocha and Mrs D. Laura Rodriquez, the first pioneers to Angola, take up residence in Luanda.
||António Rocha; Ema Rocha; Guedes DeMelo Rocha; D. Laura Rodriquez; pioneer
||Marthe Jeanne Molitor, the first Belgian Bahá’í to settle in another country, leaves for the Belgian Congo (Zaire) one day after becoming a Bahá’í.
||Marthe Jeanne Molitor
|1953 20 Sep
||The arrival of Knight of Bahá'u'lláh Mr. Max Kanyerezi in Middle Congo (now called Republic of Congo) [BWNS246]
||Knight Baha'u'llah; Max Kanyerezi
||Enoch Olinga arrives in Victoria (Limbé) and is named a Knight of Bahá’u’lláh for the British Cameroons. [BW13:449]
- The first Cameroonian to become a Bahá’í in British Cameroon is a youth, Jacob Tabot Awo.
- The first Cameroonian adult to become a Bahá’í is Enoch Ngompek of the Bassa tribe.
- The first Cameroonian woman to become a Bahá’í is Esther Obeu, the wife of David Tanyi.
|Victoria (Limbé); British Cameroons
||Enoch Olinga; Knight of Baha’u’llah; Jacob Tabot Awo; Enoch Ngompek; Esther Obeu
||José Mingorance Fernandez and his wife, Carmen Tost, a Spanish couple, accept the Bahá’í Faith, the first to enrol in Andorra.
||José Mingorance Fernandez; Carmen Tost
||Twenty–two African Bahá’ís are expelled from the Belgian Congo.
||The first native Mozambican Bahá’í, Festas Chambeni, takes the Bahá’í Faith to Angola. [BW13:290]
||Bahá’ís in Angola are detained and questioned by officials.
- Joaquim Sampaio is carried off in the middle of the night and is never seen again. It is presumed that he was executed or died in a prison camp.
- One family is forced to leave the country.
||religious persecution; Joaquim Sampaio
||In Angola, Antonio Francesco Ebo and seven other Bahá’ís are arrested and imprisoned in a penal colony off the coast of southern Angola.
- They remain in confinement for eight years.
||Antonio Francesco Ebo; religious persecution
||The National Spiritual Assembly of Congo and Gabon is formed with its seat in Brazzaville, the Congo. [BW15:206]
- For picture see BW15:148.
||The government of the Congo bans the majority of smaller religious groups, including the Bahá’í Faith. [BW17:141]
- The national hazíratu’l-quds is confiscated and the assemblies dissolved.
||religious persecution; haziratu’l-quds
|1988 28 Dec
||Sean Hinton, a British Bahá’í youth of 22 years, arrives in Ulaan Baator, Mongolia, as an official research scholar in ethnomusicology from the University of Cambridge, the first Bahá’í to reside in Mongolia. [VV101]
- Seven months later he is named a Knight of Bahá’u’lláh by the Universal House of Justice.
- See VV101 for a picture.
|Ulaan Baator; Mongolia
||Sean Hinton, the first Bahá’í to reside in Mongolia, is named a Knight of Bahá’u’lláh by the Universal House of Justice.
||Sean Hinton; Knight of Baha’u’llah
||The Asian Buddhist Conference for Peace was held in Mongolia.
- A representative of the International Bahá'í Community was the only non-Buddhist speaker invited to address a public meeting held in conjunction with the conference. [AWH88] [VV101]
||Asian Buddhist Conference for Peace; International Baha'i Community
|1991 12 Nov
||The first Bahá'í meeting to be held in a public location in Mongolia takes place in the theatre of the former Lenin Museum.
||The National Spiritual Assembly of the Congo Republic is reformed after 14 years suspension of the Bahá'í Faith. [CBN Jan92 p2, BINS270:5; BW92–3:119; VV121]
- For picture see BINS275:7.
||The re-formation of the National Assembly of Angola. [CBN Jan92 p2, BINS270:4; BW92–3:119, VV120-1]
||The first local spiritual assembly in Mongolia is formed in Ulaan Baatar. [BINS269:4]
- The local assembly was understood to have been formed in the spring of 1991 but this was found to have been a mistake.
|Ulaan Baatar; Mongolia
|1993 24 – 26 Dec
||The first summer school of Angola is held in Luanda, attended by more than 20 Bahá'ís. [BINS309:1]
||Summer School in Angola
||The first winter school of Mongolia is held in Songino, near Ulaan Baatar. [BINS310:6]
||The National Spiritual Assembly of Mongolia is formed with its seat in Ulaan Baatar. [BINS317:1–2; BW93–4:82; BW94–5:25, 31–2]
||Ulaan Baatar; Mongolia
||The first National Youth School of Mongolia is held in Darkhan, attended by 34 youth. [BINS321:4]
|1996 30 May - 14 Jun
||The Bahá'í International Community and 150 Bahá'ís from many countries participate in the Second United Nations Conference on Human Settlements (Habitat II) and the parallel Non-Governmental Organization Forum in Istanbul. [BINS365:5]
||Constantinople; Istanbul; Turkey
||BIC; UN; NGO
|2000 29 - 31 Aug
||The celebration of the Jubilee of the opening of the Faith in the Republic of the Congo was commemorated in Brazzaville by 200 attendees. It was in 1953 that Ali and Violette Nakhjavani dropped off pioneer Max Kanyerezi in Brazzaville in the Middle Congo as it was then called, subsequently the "French Congo" and now "The Republic of...".
All Bahá'í activities were suspended by law from 1978 until 1992 when a democratically elected government replaced the Communist regime. The new government granted legal recognition of the Faith. During the years 1992 to 2003 the country endured two civil wars which further disrupted activity. There are now 20 local spiritual assemblies.
|Brazzaville; Republic of the Congo
||Max Kanyerezi; Violette Nakhjavani; Ali Nakhjavani
|2003 6 - 7 Sep
||The celebration of the Jubilee of the opening of the Faith in the Democratic Republic of the Congo was commemorated in Kinshasa by some 600 participants.
Among those at the celebrations in the capital were three of the first Congolese Baha'is: Louis Selemani, 81, Remy Kalonji, 83, and Valerien Mukendi, 83.
One guest who could not make it was Ola Pawlowska, 93, though she participated in the celebrations by sending from her home in Canada a message of congratulations and love to a community to which she devoted three decades of her life.
Guests of honour at the jubilee included Mr. Nakhjavani, former member of the Universal House of Justice, and Mrs. Nakhjavani, as well as Joan Lincoln, counsellor member of the International Teaching Centre, and Albert Lincoln, secretary-general of the Baha'i International Community. All four had spent many years as pioneers in Africa.
Active teaching in the area began in 1953.
Before that time, colonial authorities did not permit the promotion of the Faith and that is when Ali Nakhjavani and his wife, Violette, driving across Africa from Uganda, took Ugandan Baha'i Samson Mungongo to the city of Kamina.
The first local assembly was formed in 1957 and the National Assembly was inaugurated in 1970. This event also marked the first time the National Spiritual Assembly had been able to meet in Kinshasa since 1998 because of the war.
- For further details on the development of the Faith in the DRC see Legacy of Courage: The Life of Ola Pawlowska, Knight of Bahá'u'lláh by Suzanne Schuurman.
|Kinshasa; The Democratic Republic of the Congo; DRC
||Louis Selemani; Remy Kalonji; Valerien Mukendi; Joan Lincoln; Albert Lincoln; Ola Pawlowska; Suzanne Schuurman
|2008 15 – 16 Nov
||Regional Conferences held in Bangui, Central African Republic, Bangalore, India and Uvira, Democratic Republic of the Congo, [BWNS669]
||Bangui; Central African Republic; Bangalore; India; Uvira; Democratic Republic of the Congo
|2008 22 – 23 Nov
||Regional Conferences held in Quito, Ecuador, New Delhi, India, Kolkata, India, and Lubumbashi, Democratic Republic of the Congo. [BWNS673]
||Quito; Ecuador; New Delhi; India; Kolkata; India; Lubumbashi; Democratic Republic of the Congo
|2009 24 – 25 Jan
||Regional Conferences held in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, Sydney, Australia and Madrid, Spain. [BWNS690]
||Ulaanbaatar; Mongolia; Sydney; Australia; Madrid; Spain
|2012 21 Apr
||Plans are announced for the building of the first two national Mashriqu’l-Adhkárs that are to be raised up in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Papua New Guinea. [Riḍván 2012 To the Bahá’ís of the World]
||Haifa; Israel; Democratic Republic of the Congo; Papua New Guinea;
||national Baha'i Temples; national Mashriqu’l-Adhkars; Mashriqul-Adhkar