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Search for tag "Ridván"

from the chronology

date event locations tags see also
1863. 22 Apr - 3 May Declaration of Bahá'u'lláh in the Garden of Ridván.

The garden was located in a large agricultural area immediately north of the walls of the city of Baghdad, about 450 metres (1,480 ft) from the city's northern Mu'azzam gate. Located on the eastern bank of the Tigris River in what is now the Bab al-Mu'azzam neighbourhood of Baghdad's Rusafa District, it was directly opposite the district in which Bahá'u'lláh lived during his stay in the city, on the river's western bank. [Wiki]

Baghdad; Iraq Declaration Bahaullah; Ridvan garden; Najibiyyih Garden; Holy days; Life of Bahaullah; - Basic timeline
1863 22 Apr Thirty–one days after Naw-Rúz, which in this year falls on 22 March, Bahá'u'lláh leaves His house for the last time and walks to the Najíbíyyih Garden, afterwards known as the Garden of Ridván (Paradise).
  • See BKG168, GPB149, RB1:260–1 and SA234–5 for details of His walk.
  • For the first time, He wears a tall táj as a symbol of His station. [BBD221; BKG176; GPB152]

    Bahá'u'lláh enters the Garden just as the call to afternoon prayer is being made. [GPB149; RB1:261]

On this day Bahá'u'lláh declares His mission to a few of His disciples. [RB1:260, 262]

  • ‘Of the exact circumstances … we, alas, are but scantily informed.' [BKG173; GPB153]
  • For such details as are known, see BKG173–5 and GPB153.
  • For the import of the event, see BKG169–73; G27–35; GBP153–5.
  • This initiates the holy day of the First Day of Ridván, to be celebrated on 21 April. [BBD196]
  • This marks the end of the dispensation of the Báb and of the first epoch of the Heroic or Apostolic Age of the Bahá'í dispensation. [BBD72, 79]

On the same day Bahá'u'lláh makes three important statements to His followers:

  1. He forbids the use of the sword.
  2. He states that no other Manifestations will appear before one thousand years. This is later reiterated in the Kitáb-i-Badí‘ and in The Kitáb-i-Aqdas.
  3. He states that, as from this moment, all the names and attributes of God are manifested within all created things, implying the advent of a new Day. [RB1:278–80]

On the afternoon of Bahá'u'lláh's arrival at the Garden He reveals the Lawh-i-Ayyúb for Hájí Muhammad-i-Taqíy-i-Nayrízí. [SA239]

During the 12 days in the Ridván Garden Bahá'u'lláh confides to ‘Abdu'l-Bahá that He is ‘Him Whom God shall make manifest'. [CH82]

  • See CH82–3 for the effect of this announcement on ‘Abdu'l-Bahá.
Baghdad; Iraq Naw-Ruz; Bahaullah, Life of; Bahaullah, Declaration of; Ridvan garden; Najibiyyih Garden; Ages (time); Lawh-i-Ayyub; Haji Muhammad-i-Taqiy-i-Nayrizi; Abdul-Baha, Life of; - Basic timeline; Firsts, Other
1863. 30 Apr Bahá'u'lláh's family joins Him in the Garden. [BKG175; RB1:281; SA235]

  • This initiates the holy day of the Ninth Day of Ridván, to be celebrated on 29 April. [BBD 196]
Najibiyyih Garden; Iraq Bahaullah, Family of; Ridvan Festival
1863. 3 May Bahá'u'lláh leaves the Garden of Ridván.

  • This initiates the holy day the Twelfth Day of Ridván, to be celebrated on 2 May. [BBD196]
  • As He is about to leave He reveals a Tablet addressed to Áqá Mírzá Áqá in Shíráz. It brings relief and happiness to those who receive it. [EB222]
  • His leaving is accompanied by symbolic signs of His station: He rides a horse rather than a donkey and wears a tall táj. [BBD221; BKG176]
  • See BKG175–6, GPB155 and RB1:281–2 for descriptions of the scenes that accompanied His departure.

Bahá'u'lláh and His party arrive at Firayját, about three miles away on the banks of the Tigris. [BKG176]

  • They remain here for seven days. [BKG176]
  • See BKG for a description of activities during this period.
Baghdad; Firayjat; Iraq; Shiraz; Iran; Persia Bahaullah, Life of; Ridvan Festival; Aqa Mirza Aqay-i-Afnan (Nurud-Din); Afnan; Horses; Donkeys; Taj; Tigris; Rivers; Ridvan garden; Najibiyyih Garden
1875 `Abdu'l-Bahá rents a small garden near `Akká for Bahá'u'lláh's use. [BBD196–7; DH95]
  • See DH95 for its situation.
  • This garden on the river Na`mayn is later named Ridván by Bahá'u'lláh. [DH95]
'Akká; Ridvan Garden
1877. Jun Possibly the first visit of Bahá'u'lláh to the Ridván Garden outside `Akká. [BBD196–7; DH95; GPB193]
  • See DH95–101 for a description of the garden and Bahá'u'lláh's use of it.
  • See CH96–8 for Túbá Khánum's description of the garden.
Ridván Garden
1881 The Ridván Garden and the Firdaws Garden are purchased in the name of Bahá'u'lláh. [BBD84, 196; DH95, 103]
  • Most of the flowering plants in the Ridván Garden are brought by pilgrims from Iran. [CH96]
Akka; Ridvan Garden; Firdaws Garden
1965 1 Aug Mrs Ridván Sadeghzadeh and Mrs Parvine Djoneidi and their children arrive in Niamey, Niger, from Tihrán, the first Bahá’ís to settle in the country. Niamey; Niger Ridvan Sadeghzadeh; Parvine Djoneidi

from the main catalogue

  1. Days of Remembrance: Selections from the Writings of Baha'u'llah for Baha'i Holy Days, by Bahá'u'lláh (2017). Forty-five selections revealed for, or relating to, nine Bahá’í Holy Days. [about]
  2. Declaration of Baha'u'llah in the Ridvan Garden in 1863, by David Merrick (2008). Baha'u'llah's Declaration in the Garden of Ridvan, told in plain English suitable for reading aloud. Includes photos and 2 maps. Based on many accounts. [about]
  3. Messages from the Universal House of Justice 1963-86, by Universal House of Justice (1996). [about]
  4. Revealed on the Day of Ridván: Excerpt, by Bahá'u'lláh (2001). Excerpt from a Tablet revealed by Bahá'u'lláh proclaiming the new Revelation. [about]
  5. Ridvan, by John Walbridge, in Sacred Acts, Sacred Space, Sacred Time: Bahá'í Studies volume 1 (1995). Two versions of a short article about the 12-day Baha'i festival. [about]
  6. Ridván 1964: Bahá'í Era 121, by Universal House of Justice (1964). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  7. Ridván 1965: Bahá'í Era 122, by Universal House of Justice (1965). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  8. Ridván 1966: Bahá'í Era 123, by Universal House of Justice (1966). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  9. Ridván 1967: Bahá'í Era 124, by Universal House of Justice (1967). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  10. Ridvan 1968: Bahá'í Era 125, by Universal House of Justice (1968). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  11. Ridván 1969: Bahá'í Era 126, by Universal House of Justice (1969). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  12. Ridván 1970: Bahá'í Era 127, by Universal House of Justice (1970). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  13. Ridván 1971: Bahá'í Era 128, by Universal House of Justice (1971). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  14. Ridván 1972: Bahá'í Era 129, by Universal House of Justice (1972). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  15. Ridván 1973: Bahá'í Era 130, by Universal House of Justice (1973). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  16. Ridvan 1974 (Naw-Rúz): Bahá'í Era 131, by Universal House of Justice (1974). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  17. Ridvan 1975: Bahá'í Era 132, by Universal House of Justice (1975). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  18. Ridvan 1976 (Naw-Rúz): Bahá'í Era 133, by Universal House of Justice (1976). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  19. Ridván 1977: Bahá'í Era 134, by Universal House of Justice (1977). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  20. Ridvan 1978: Bahá'í Era 135, by Universal House of Justice (1978). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world, and message to the friends gathered at National Bahá'í Conventions. [about]
  21. Ridvan 1980: Bahá'í Era 137, by Universal House of Justice (1980). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  22. Ridvan 1981: Bahá'í Era 138, by Universal House of Justice (1981). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  23. Ridván 1982: Bahá'í Era 139, by Universal House of Justice (1982). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  24. Ridván 1983: Bahá'í Era 140, by Universal House of Justice (1983). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  25. Ridván 1984: Bahá'í Era 141, by Universal House of Justice (1984). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  26. Ridván 1985: Bahá'í Era 142, by Universal House of Justice (1985). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  27. Ridván 1986: Bahá'í Era 143, by Universal House of Justice (1986). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  28. Ridván 1987: Bahá'í Era 144, by Universal House of Justice (1987). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  29. Ridván 1988: Bahá'í Era 145, by Universal House of Justice (1988). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  30. Ridvan 1989: Bahá'í Era 146, by Universal House of Justice (1989). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  31. Ridvan 1990: Bahá'í Era 147, by Universal House of Justice (1990). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  32. Ridvan 1991: Bahá'í Era 148, by Universal House of Justice (1991). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  33. Ridván 1992: Bahá'í Era 149, by Universal House of Justice (1992). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  34. Ridván 1993: Bahá'í Era 150, by Universal House of Justice (1993). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  35. Ridván 1994: Bahá'í Era 151, by Universal House of Justice (1994). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  36. Ridván 1995: Bahá'í Era 152, by Universal House of Justice (1995). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  37. Ridván 1996: Outline, by Foad Shodjai (1996). Summary of this letter, in outline format. [about]
  38. Ridván 1996 (Four Year Plan): Message to the Counsellors, by Universal House of Justice (1995). Letter to the Counsellors, preceding the annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  39. Ridván 1996 (Four Year Plan): Bahá'í Era 153, by Universal House of Justice (1996). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  40. Ridván 1996 (Four Year Plan) - To the Followers of Bahá'u'lláh (in Australia and the Pacific): Bahá'í Era 153, by Universal House of Justice (1996). Country-specific portion of the annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world: South Pacific. [about]
  41. Ridván 1996 (Four Year Plan) - To the Followers of Bahá'u'lláh in Cambodia, Hong Kong, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Macau, Malaysia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, and Vietnam: Bahá'í Era 153, by Universal House of Justice (1996). Country-specific portion of the annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world: East Asia. [about]
  42. Ridván 1996 (Four Year Plan) - To the Followers of Bahá'u'lláh in North America: Alaska, Canada, Greenland and the United States: Bahá'í Era 153, by Universal House of Justice (1996). Country-specific portion of the annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world: North America. [about]
  43. Ridván 1996 (Four Year Plan) - To the Followers of Bahá'u'lláh in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Sri Lanka: Bahá'í Era 153, by Universal House of Justice (1996). Country-specific portion of the annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world: South-east Asia. [about]
  44. Ridván 1996 (Four Year Plan) - To the Followers of Bahá'u'lláh in Western and Central Asia: Bahá'í Era 153, by Universal House of Justice (1996). Country-specific portion of the annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world: Asia. [about]
  45. Ridván 1996 (Four Year Plan) - To the Followers of Bahá'u'lláh (in Latin America and the Caribbean): Bahá'í Era 153, by Universal House of Justice (1996). Country-specific portion of the annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world: South America. [about]
  46. Ridván 1996 (Four Year Plan) - To the Followers of Bahá'u'lláh in Africa: Bahá'í Era 153, by Universal House of Justice (1996). Country-specific portion of the annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world: Africa. [about]
  47. Ridván 1996 (Four Year Plan) - To the Followers of Bahá'u'lláh in Europe: Bahá'í Era 153, by Universal House of Justice (1996). Country-specific portion of the annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world: Europe. [about]
  48. Ridván 1997: Bahá'í Era 154, by Universal House of Justice (1997). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  49. Ridván 1998: Bahá'í Era 155, by Universal House of Justice (1998). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  50. Ridván 1999: Bahá'í Era 156, by Universal House of Justice (1999). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  51. Ridvan 2000: Study Outline, by Arjen Bolhuis (2000). Short summary and outline of the Ridván 2000 message of the Universal House of Justice. [about]
  52. Ridván 2000: Bahá'í Era 157, by Universal House of Justice (2000). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  53. Ridvan 2001: Study Guide, by Lal Fernando and Dheena Fernando (2001). Summary and key points of this Message. [about]
  54. Ridvan 2001: Bahá'í Era 158, by Universal House of Justice (2001). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  55. Ridvan 2002: Bahá'í Era 159, by Universal House of Justice (2002). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  56. Ridván 2003: Bahá'í Era 160, by Universal House of Justice (2003). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  57. Ridvan 2004: Bahá'í Era 161, by Universal House of Justice (2004). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  58. Ridvan 2005: Bahá'í Era 162, by Universal House of Justice (2007). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  59. Ridvan 2006: Bahá'í Era 163, by Universal House of Justice (2006). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  60. Ridván 2007: Bahá'í Era 164, by Universal House of Justice (2007). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  61. Ridvan 2008: Bahá'í Era 165, by Universal House of Justice (2008). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  62. Ridván 2009: Bahá'í Era 166, by Universal House of Justice (2009). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  63. Ridván 2010: Bahá'í Era 167, by Universal House of Justice (2010). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  64. Ridvan 2010 comments, by Paul Lample (2010). Reflections on the 2010 Ridvan letter and the teaching plans, delivered in Foundation Hall at the Bahá'í House of Worship in Wilmette. [about]
  65. Ridván 2011: Bahá'í Era 168, by Universal House of Justice (2011). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  66. Ridván 2012: Bahá'í Era 169, by Universal House of Justice (2012). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  67. Ridvan 2013: Bahá'í Era 170, by Universal House of Justice (2013). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  68. Ridvan 2014: Bahá'í Era 171, by Universal House of Justice (2014). Annual message to the Bahá'ís of the world. [about]
  69. Ridvan Message from the US National Spiritual Assembly, by National Spiritual Assembly of the Bahá'ís of the United States (2007). An annual report/summary of activities, with discussion of low enrollments. [about]
  70. Ridván, Festival of, by Christopher Buck, in Religions of the World: A Comprehensive Encyclopedia of Beliefs and Practices, Vol. 5, ed. J. Gordon Melton & Martin Baumann (2010). [about]
  71. Ridván, Festival of, by Christopher Buck, in Religious Celebrations: An Encyclopedia of Holidays, Festivals, Solemn Observances, and Spiritual Commemorations (2011). [about]
  72. Tablet of Ridván (Lawh-i-Ridván): Wilmette Institute faculty notes, by Duane Troxel and Juan Cole (1999). [about]
  73. Tablet of Ridván (Lawh-i-Ridván): Tablet study outline, by Jonah Winters (1999). [about]
  74. Tablet of the Garden of Ridván, by Bahá'u'lláh. Short tablet from the late ’Akká period, revealed during one of Bahá’u’lláh’s visits to the small house inside the Garden of Ridván where he joined the believers for feasting. [about]
  75. Turning Point: Selected Messages of the Universal House of Justice and Supplementary Material 1996–2006, by Universal House of Justice (2006). Forty-three letters, plans, and documents covering the Four-Year Plan of 1996-2000. [about]
 
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