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from the chronology

date event locations tags see also
1898 The Tarbíyat School for boys is established in Tihrán by the Bahá'ís. [BBD221] Tihran; Iran Tarbiyat School; Bahai schools
1900 Sarah Farmer puts Green Acre at the disposal of the Bahá'ís after her pilgrimage to `Akká in 1900. [BFA2:144–5; GPB261]
  • After 1900 Green Acre effectively became the site of the first Bahá'í summer school in the world, although it was not officially so until 1929. [BBRSM:104; BW5:29–30; SBBH1:125]
Eliot; Maine; United States Sarah Farmer; Green Acre; First summer and winter schools
1902 28 Nov Construction begins on the Mashriqu'l-Adhkár of `Ishqábád with the laying of its cornerstone. [BFA2:116-17]
  • BBRXXX says this was 12 December. The discrepancy may lie in the use of two different calendars.< /li>
  • The foundation stone is laid in the presence of General Subotich, governor-general of Turkistan. [BFA2:116–17; GPB300; see discussion of Krupatkin vs Subotich in whitmore_city_love] Also see BBR442-443 for the account of a Russian official, A D Kalmykov who says it was General Subotich.
  • `Abdu'l-Bahá commissions Hájí Mírzá Muhammad-Taqí, the Vakílu'd-Dawlih, son of Hájí Siyyid Muhammad, the uncle of the Báb for whom Bahá'u'lláh had revealed The Kitáb-i-Íqán, to be in charge of the project. [AB109]
  • `Abdu'l-Bahá Himself delineates the general design and a Russian architect, Volkov, plans and executes the details of the construction. [AB109–10]
  • A meeting hall and some of its dependencies had been built before 1900.
  • Its dependencies include two Bahá'í schools, a travellers' hostel, a medical dispensary and Hazíratu'l-Quds. [BBD122; BBR442; BBRSM:91]
  • For a Western account of this see BBR442–3.
  • See jacket of BBR for a photograph of work on the Temple.
  • See the message of the Universal House of Justice dated 1 August, 2014 for more on the Mashriqu'l-Adhkár in `Ishqábád.
Quick Facts
Location: In the heart of the city of `Ishqábád
Foundation Stone: Late 1902 by General Subotich, the governor-general of Turkistan who had been delegated by the Czar to represent him.
Construction Period: Initial step had been undertaken during the lifetime of Bahá’u’lláh. Superstructure: 1902 – 1907. External Ornamentation: 1919
Site Dedication: No record of a dedication ceremony on completion of the building can be found although the external ornamentation was completed in 1919 it is probable that the building had been in use for some years by this time.
Architects: `Abdu'l-Bahá Himself delineated the general design. More specific design was by Usád ‘Ali]í-Akbar Ranná and a Russian architect, Volkov, planned and executed the details of the construction under the supervision of Hájí Mírzá Muhammad-Taqí, the son of Hájí Siyyid Muhammad, the uncle of the Báb for whom Bahá'u'lláh had revealed The Kitáb-i-Íqán. [AB109]
Seating:
Dimensions:
Cost:
Dependencies: two Bahá'í schools, a travellers' hostel, a medical dispensary and Hazíratu'l-Quds
Expropriation: 1928
Lease period: 1928 – 1938
Seizure; 1938 the building was turned into an art gallery
Earthquake: 1948
Demolition: 25 August 1963 the Universal House of Justice announced that it had been demolished by the authorities and the site cleared.
References: AB109, BW14p479-481, GPB300-301, CEBF236, EB266-268, MF126-128
Ishqabad; Turkmenistan Mashriqul-Adhkar (House of Worship); Mashriqul-Adhkar, Quick facts; Mashriqul-Adhkar, Ishqabad; Mashriqul-Adhkar, Dependencies of; Mashriqul-Adhkar, Design; Architecture; Architects; Foundation stones and groundbreaking; General Subotich; Krupatkin; Haji Muhammad-Taqi Afnan (Vakilud-Dawlih); Afnan; Bab, Family of; Haji Siyyid Muhammad; Volkov; Haziratul-Quds; Bahai schools; - Basic timeline, Expanded; Abdul-Baha, Life of
1910 Within a year of her arrival Dr. Susan Moody opens the Tarbíyat School for Girls in Tihrán. [BBD221–2; BFA2:360–1]

Those serving at the school were:

  • Miss Lillian Kappes of Hoboken, New Jersey arrived in December of 1911 to serve as a teacher. She died on the 1st of December, 1920 of typhus and was buried there.
  • She was replaced by Genevieve Coy, a qualified psychologist, a Ph.D. in 1922 who was followed by Adelaide Sharp in 1929. Her mother, Clara Sharp joined her in 1931. [BFA2p361, AY233]
  • Elizabeth Stewart who served as a nurse at the school accompanied Lillian Kappes on her arrival. Miss Stewart served until 1924 when she returned to Philadelphia where she died in 1926. [ABF43]
  • Munírih Khánum Ayádí, the mother of Dr Karím Ayádí (later famed as the Shah much-trusted doctor) was Persia’s first official Director of the Tarbíyat School for Girls. She was widely recognized as exceptional, at a time when Persia’s Bahá’í women were only gradually emerging from their earlier state under Islam. Much respected by the men, her attitude toward them was one of total equality. Her greatness was in herself, her devotion to the Faith absolute, and she was made a member of such advanced committees as the Bahá’í Women’s Committee. Her views were moderated by her sense of humour, which included self-deprecation, so that she never subjected you to her piety. One day during the Bahá’í Fast ,she asked Marzieh Gall: ‘Do you think God would notice if I ducked into that room and sneaked a few puffs of tobacco?’ [AY333]
Tihran; Iran Tarbiyat School; Bahai schools; Susan Moody; Lillian Kappes; Genevieve Coy; Adelaide Sharp; Clara Sharp; Elizabeth Stewart; Women; Equality; Gender; Social and economic development; Munirih Khanum; Karim Ayadi
1910 8 Jan The Persian-American Educational Society is inaugurated in Washington DC. [BFA2:XVII; 355–8]
  • Its primary purpose is to assist the Tarbíyat School in Iran. [BFA2:357]
Washington DC; United States; Iran Bahai associations; Tarbiyat School; Bahai schools; Education
1911 27 Aug 'Abdu'l-Bahá and His party took a ferry to Vevey. a resort town on the other side of Lake Geneva (Lake Leman). Vevey was the location of the Dreyfus summer home and it was near here that Lady Blomfield and her daughters finalized the translation of Paris Talks [ABF33-44, DJT186, SoW vol 2 no 14]
  • He took a room at the Park Hôtel Mooser where He took some rest and also met Edith Sanderson and her mother. With the assembled friends He discussed immortality and divorce.
  • The party returned by ferry to Thonon-les-Bains, stopping at Évian-les-Bains. [DJT196-197]
  • In the afternoon He met with Lillian Frances Kappes and Elizabeth Harnill Stewart who had just arrived from America on their way to teach at the Tarbiyát School for girls in Iran. The school for boys had been in operation since 1897 and the school for girls was just being established in. [ABF43, SoW vol 2 no 18, SoW vol 2 no 14]
Thonon-les-Bains; Vevey; Switzerland; Evian-les-Bains; France Abdul-Baha, First Western tour; Lady Blomfield; Edith Sanderson; Lillian Kappes; Elizabeth Harnill Stewart; Tarbiyat School; Bahai schools; Paris Talks (book)
1913 8 Jan 'Abdu'l-Bahá was given a tour of the Edinburgh College of Arts conducted by the President. (74 Lauriston Place, Edinburgh EH3 9DF) This was followed by a tour of a school in the poorer district, North Canongate School.

In the afternoon He spoke to a capacity attendance at Rainy Hall, New College, the Mound, Edinburgh EH1 2LX.

'Abdu'l-Bahá attended a charity performance of Handel's Messiah at St Giles Cathedral. (Royal Mile, Edinburgh EH1 1RE) St. Giles was also known as the High Kirk of Edinburgh. It was Edinburgh's religious focal point for at least 900 years.

And the glory of the Lord shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see it together: for the mouth of the Lord hath spoken it. (Isaiah 40:5) [Ahmad Sohrab's Diary, Edinburgh, 1913, ABTM297, SCU85-100]

Edinburgh; Scotland; United Kingdom Abdul-Baha, Travels of; Abdul-Baha, Second Western tour; St Giles Cathedral; Handels Messiah; Edinburgh College of Arts; North Canongate School
1919 2 Sep The passing of Mírzá Muhammad-Hasan, entitled Adíbu'l-'Ulamá, know as Adíb in Tihrán. He was born in Talaqán in 1848 and became a Bahá’í around 1889.
  • Bahá’u’lláh appointed him a Hand of the Cause of God. [SDH138-140]
  • He was one of the founders of the Tarbíyat Schools in Tihrán. He died in Tihrán. [LoF17-18]
  • Tihran; Talaqan; Iran Adib (Haji Mirza Hasan Talaqani); Hands of the Cause; Hands of the Cause, Appointments; Hands appointed by Bahaullah; Hands of the Cause, Births and deaths; Births and deaths; In Memoriam; Tarbiyat School
    1920 1 Dec Lillian Kappes dies of typhus fever in Tihrán. [BFA2:361; SW11, 19:324-5, AY211-212]
    • She had gone to Tihrán nine years previously to help set up the Tarbíyat School for Girls. [SW11, 19:3 24]
    Tihran; Iran Lillian Kappes; Tarbiyat School; In Memoriam; Births and deaths
    1921 spring Dr Genevieve Coy is chosen as the director of the Tarbíyat School for Girls in Tihrán to replace Lillian Kappes. [SBR203] Tihran; Iran Genevieve Coy; Tarbiyat School
    1922 24 Jan Dr Sarah A. Clock passes away in Tihrán. She had gone there in 1911 to assist Dr Moody at the Tarbíyat School. [BFA2:361; SW12, 19:309] Tihran; Iran Sarah A. Clock; Susan Moody; Tarbiyat School; In Memoriam; Births and deaths
    1927 Abu'l-Qásim Faizi, a 19-year-old student who had attended the Tarbiyát School in Tehran but now enrolled at the American University at Beirut visits Haifa to meet Shoghi Effendi. Like Hasan Balyuzi before him, he is immediately possessed by a great desire to serve him. [SETPE1p146-7] Haifa; Tihran; Iran; Beirut; Lebanon Abul-Qasim Faizi; Tarbiyat School; American University at Beirut; Shoghi Effendi, Life of
    1927 1 Aug Geyserville Bahá’í Summer School, the first American Bahá’í summer school, is established on property in California donated by John Bosch. It was to operate until 1973 when a new road project divided the property. The land was sold and the funds used to purchase land in the mountains above the coastal town of Santa Cruz. The new school was named In honour of John and Louise Bosch. [BBD87; BW10:180; GPB340, Bosch]
    • BW5:28–9 says this was the second Bahá’í summer school in America but Shoghi Effendi indicates in GPB340 that Green Acre is formally established as a Bahá’í summer school in 1929.
    Geyserville; California; United States Summer schools; First summer and winter schools; John Bosch
    1929 12 Aug Green Acre becomes a fully fledged Bahá’í summer school when the National Spiritual Assembly of the Bahá’ís of the United States and Canada obtains legal title to the property. [BBD91; GAP118; GPB340; SBBH126, Green Acre] Green Acre Summer schools; Green Acre
    1931 May A permanent summer school is established at Louhelen Ranch near Davison, Michigan. [BW10:181; GPB340] Davison; Michigan; United States Summer schools
    1931 The first German Bahá’í summer school is held, at Esslingen. [BBRSM182; BW5:44]
    • UD98 and BW5p30 put this date as 1932.
    Esslingen; Germany Summer schools; First summer and winter schools
    1933 The Tavakkul Bahá’í School in Qazvín, Iran, is closed. [BW18:388] Qazvin; Iran Bahai schools; Persecution, Iran; Persecution
    1934 The government of Iran takes several measures against the Bahá’ís throughout the country. [BW18:389]
    • Nineteen Bahá’í schools are closed in Káshán, Qazvín, Yazd, Najafábád, Ábádih and elsewhere. [ARG109]
    • Bahá’í meetings are forbidden in many towns, including Tihrán, Mashhad, Sabzivár, Qazvín and Arák.
    • Bahá’ís centres in Káshán, Hamadán and Záhidán are closed by the authorities.
    • Some Bahá’í government employees are dismissed.
    • Some Bahá’í military personnel are stripped of their rank and imprisoned.
    • Bahá’ís in many places are harassed over the filling-in of marriage certificates, census forms and other legal documents.
    Iran; Kashan; Qazvin; Yazd; Najafabad; Abadih; Tihran; Mashhad; Sabzivar; Arak; Hamadan; Zahidan Persecution, Iran; Persecution, Other; Persecution; Tarbiyat School; Bahai schools
    1934 6 Dec The Tarbíyat Bahá’í Schools in Tihrán and all other Bahá'í schools across the country are closed by order of the Minister of Education (headed by 'Ali-Asghar-i-Hikmat, a well-known Azali) when they fail to open on a holy day. [BBD221–2; BW18:389; CB312; GPB363; PP308; RoB4p313]
    • For Western accounts of the episode see BBR475–9.
    Tihran; Iran Tarbiyat school; Bahai schools; Holy days; Persecution, Iran; Persecution, Other; Persecution; Azali Babis
    1936 summer Britain holds its first Bahá’í summer school. [GT137; UD109] United Kingdom First summer and winter schools; Summer schools
    1937 2 May The Yerrinbool Bahá’í School (originally known as ‘Bolton Place’) is officially opened in Australia. Yerrinbool; Australia Yerrinbool Bahai School; Bahai schools
    1938 5 Feb Bahá'ís in the Soviet Union are persecuted by the authorities. [BBR473, BW8p87-90, 179-81, BW14p479-481, SETPE1p155]
    • Five hundred Bahá'í men are imprisoned in Turkistán. [Bw8p89]
    • Many Persian Bahá'ís living in various cities of the Soviet Union are arrested, some are sent to Siberia, others to Pavladar in northern Kazakhstan and yet others to Iran. [BW8p87, 179, 184]
    • Six hundred Bahá'í refugees-women, girls, children and a few old men, go to Iran, most to Mashhad. [BW8p89]
    • The Bahá'í Temple in Ishqábád (now Ashgabat, Turkmenistan) is confiscated and turned into an art gallery. [BDD122, BW8p89]
    • The Bahá'í schools are ordered closed. [BW8p89]
    • Spiritual Assemblies and all other administrative institutions in the Caucasus are ordered dissolved. [BW8p89]
    Soviet Union; Caucasus; Turkistan; Ishqabad; Turkmenistan; Kazakhstan; Iran; Mashhad Mashriqul-Adhkar, Ishqabad; Persecution, Soviet Union; Persecution, Arrests; Persecution, Other; Persecution; Bahai schools; LSA
    1938 Sep The first Bahá’í summer school to be held in India takes place in Simla. [BBRSM194; BW8:199] Shimla; Himachal Pradesh; India Summer schools; First summer and winter schools
    1940 (in the decade) The first Egyptian Bahá’í summer school is held in the mid-1940s. Egypt Summer schools; First summer and winter schools
    1941 summer The first Canadian Bahá’í summer school is held, in Montreal. [BW9:28, TG84] Montreal; Canada Summer schools; First summer and winter schools
    1945 1 Aug Initially founded as a hostel for Bahá'í children with sixteen children, what is now the New Era High School and Senior Secondary has grown to become a leading international co-educational institution with many hundreds of students.
    • Founded as a separate institution in 1987, the New Era Development Institute had its beginnings as a service project for students in the 1970s and 1980s when the school set up programmes to assist the poor and underdeveloped villages in the region. [New Era High School and Senior Secondary website, Wikipedia, BBD171; BBRSM153]
    • For the history of the school see BW16:320–6.
    Panchgani; Maharashtra; India New Era High School; Bahai schools; New Era Development Institute; Social and economic development
    1946 The first Bahá’í summer school in Argentina is held in Ezeiza. [BW11:45] Ezeiza; Argentina Summer schools; First summer and winter schools
    1948 The first Bahá’í school in Haiti is inaugurated in Carrefour, a suburb of Port-au-Prince. Haiti Bahai schools; Firsts, Other
    1957 28 - 30 Sep First Bahá'í Summer School held in Taiwan. [The Taiwan Bahá'í Chronicle by Barbara R. Sims p21] Taiwan Summer schools; First summer and winter schools; Z**** find reference
    1957 Dec The first summer school in Malaysia is held at Malacca. Malacca; Malaysia First summer and winter schools; Summer schools
    1960 (In the decade) A number of Bahá’í primary schools are opened in Bolivia. Bolivia Bahai schools
    1960s, early Two Bahá’í primary schools open in Uganda. Uganda Bahai schools
    1961 Oct The first summer school to be held on Rarotonga Island takes place. Rarotonga; Cook Islands First summer and winter schools; Summer school; Islands
    1962 autumn A property is acquired outside of Gwalior, India, for a teaching institute. [DM192]
    • The institute is later converted into a boarding hostel solely for Indian children and still later into the ‘Rabbani School’, now an accredited agricultural school. [DM192–3; VV82]
    Gwalior; India teaching institutes; Rabbani School; Bahai schools
    1967 Mar The first Bahá’í summer school in Liberia begins. [BW14:174] Liberia Summer schools; First summer and winter schools
    1968 summer The first summer school to be held in Ireland begins. Ireland Summer schools; First summer and winter schools
    1971 The first summer school in Singapore is held. Singapore First summer and winter schools
    1971 Dec - 1972 Jan The first youth summer school for southern Africa is held at the Leroy Ioas Teacher Training Institute in Mbabane and is attended by 67 people from eight countries. Mbabane; Swaziland First summer and winter schools
    1972 Jan The first Bahá’í Youth Summer School in Southern Africa takes place in Swaziland, attended by 70 youth from eight countries. [BW15:338]
    • For picture see BW15:340.
    Swaziland First summer and winter schools
    1972 The first Summer School of Jamaica is held. [BW15:218] Jamaica First summer and winter schools
    1972 The first Winter School of Luxembourg is held in Pétange. [BW15:284] Petange; Luxembourg First summer and winter schools
    1972 Dec The first winter school in Bangladesh takes place. [BW15:245] Bangladesh First summer and winter schools
    1974 13 July The dedication of the Bosch Bahá'í School north of Santa Cruz, California. (Bosch Bahá'í School site, Bahá'´News page 716] Santa Cruz; California Bosch Bahai School; Bahai schools
    1974 13 Jul The dedication of the John Bosch Bahá'í Summer School in Santa Cruz, California. [Bosch web site] Santa Cruz; California; United States John Bosch Summer schools
    1975 The first Bahá’í summer school to be held in Antigua takes place. [BW16:187]
    • For picture see BW16:188.
    Antigua First summer and winter schools
    1976 5 Oct The passing of Adelaide Sharp (b. Texas, 1896) in Tehran. In 1929 she accompanied Dr Susan Moody (77) to Tehran and and took up the position of principal of the Tarbiyat School for Girls (opened 1910). In 1931 she invited her mother, Clara Sharp, to come and live with her. After the closing of the Tarbiyat Schools on the 6th of December, 1934, the Guardian asked her to remain in Persia. She organized study classes for both boys and girls to study English writings such as Bahá'í Administration, The Promised Day is Come, The World Order of Bahá'u'lláh and other works from the Guardian. In 1954 the Guardian ruled that women could serve on Baha'i administrative bodied in Persia. She was elected to the National Spiritual Assembly and served in this role for the next fourteen years. She attended the First and Second International Conventions in 1963 and in 1968. Her five decade legacy of service in Iran included children's education, translating Writings, consolidating administrative institutions, serving as the"external affairs" representative for the National Assembly. Upon her passing memorial services where held in Tehran as well as other centres throughout the country. [BW17p418-420, Baha’i Heroes & Heroines] Texas; United States; Tihran; Iran Adelaide Sharp; Clara Sharp; Tarbiyat School; In Memoriam; Births and deaths; Firsts, Other
    1976 Dec The first Bahá’í Winter School in Cyprus is held in Nicosia. Nicosia; Cyprus First summer and winter schools
    1977 27 – 30 Dec The first Bahá’í summer school of Sierra Leone is held in Magburaka. [BW17:151] Magburaka; Sierra Leone First summer and winter schools
    1978 Mar The first Bahá’í-owned school in Pakistan, the New Day Montessori, opens in Karachi. Karachi; Pakistan Bahai schools
    1978 Dec The first Bahá’í Winter School of Malta takes place. [BW17:192] Malta First summer and winter schools
    1979 Oct The first Bahá’í summer school for Quechua-speakers is held in Cachaco, Imbabura, Ecuador. [BW17:170] Cachaco; Imbabura; Ecuador First summer and winter schools
    1980 Mar The first Bahá’í Summer School of the Cameroon Republic is held in Victoria. [BW18:166] Victoria; Cameroon Summer schools; First summer and winter schools
    1983. 24 Feb The inauguration of the Bahá'í Vocational Institute for Rural Women at Indore, India. It offers rural women residential courses on literacy, health care and income generating skills. The success of this school was recognized when it won one of the Global 500 Environmental Action awards that was presented at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro in 1992 [The Baha'is magazine]. Indore; India Bahai Vocational Institute for Rural Women; Women; Sustainable development; Bahai schools; Earth Summit
    1984 The first Bahá’í university, Universidad Núr, opens in Santa Cruz, Bolivia. [VV82–3] Santa Cruz; Bolivia Bahai schools
    1986 The founding of the Ruaha Secondary School in southwestern rural Tanzania near Iringa, about 500 km from Dar-es-salaam. [The Mona Project (information on the Iringa School no longer available on this web site), One Country]

    In 2001 the school received a grant to build a girls dormitory. [BWNS145]

    Tanzania; Iringa; Dar-es-salaam Bahai schools; BWNS
    1987 The first National Children’s Camp in Australia is held in Yerrinbool School with 36 children between 9 and 13 years of age in attendance. [BINS173:10] Yerrinbool; Australia Yerrinbool Bahai School; Bahai schools; Children
    1987 Mar The first Bahá’í Winter School held on San Salvador Island, Bahamas, takes place. [BINS164:11] San Salvador Island; Bahamas First summer and winter schools
    1988 The opening of the School of the Nations in Taipa, Macau with 5 students enrolled in kindergarten. [SoN, BWNS460] Taipa; Macau School of the Nations; Bahai schools; BWNS
    1989 Summer The founding of the Maxwell International Bahá'í School. It was a co-ed Bahá'í school located on Shawnigan Lake, British Columbia, Canada. It offered boarding students and day students instruction from grades 7-12. Its educational philosophy was based on the principles of the Bahá'í Faith. Students attended from all over the world. The school was opened with guest of honour Amatu'l-Bahá Rúhíyyih Khánum (Mary Maxwell, daughter of May and Sutherland) and wife of the Bahá'í Faith's Guardian, Shoghi Effendi. A tree was planted in dedication to the opening of the school. In the early 2006-2007 school year, the school board decided to drop "Bahá'í" from its name, changing it to "Maxwell International School". The school closed on its 20th anniversary in 2008. [Wiki] Shawnigan Lake; Canada Maxwell International School; Bahai schools; Amatul-Baha Ruhiyyih Khanum
    1989 18 Dec - 1990 2 Jan During the Youth Winter School in Traben-Trarback participants from 12 countries including East Germany, Romania, Hungary and the Soviet Union gather for the first time since the Second World War. [BINS215:2] Traben-Trarback; Germany; Eastern Europe; Soviet Union; Russia Conferences, Bahai; Conferences, Youth; Youth; Conferences, International; Winter schools; First conferences
    1989 25 – 29 Dec The first International Bahá’í Summer School of Bophuthatswana is held at the Pilanesberg National Game Reserve, attended by 263 people from 12 countries. [BINS215:1–2] Bophuthatswana; South Africa Summer schools; First summer and winter schools
    1990 8 – 11 Jul The first summer school of Czechoslovakia is held in Jindrichuv Hradec, attended by 24 Bahá'ís from eight countries. [BINS230:2] Jindrichuv Hradec; Czechoslovakia Summer schools; First summer and winter schools
    1990 19 – 21 Oct The first summer school of Cape Verde is held in Tarrafal, attended by 30 people. [BINS247:8] Tarrafal; Cape Verde Summer schools; First summer and winter schools
    1990 Dec The first week-long residential Bahá'í study school of Guinea is held in Guéckédou. Gueckedou; Guinea Study schools; Firsts, Other Find ref
    1991 8 - 14 Feb The first Bahá'í Winter School of Romania is held in Felix, attended by 80 Bahá'ís. [BINS241:3] Felix; Romania First summer and winter schools
    1991 15 – 21 Jul The first summer school of Sikkim is held in Saramsa. [BINS257:6] Saramsa; Sikkim; India Summer schools; First summer and winter schools
    1991 15 – 22 Aug The first summer school of Tajikistan takes place in Varzoub Gorge. Varzoub Gorge; Tajikistan First summer and winter schools Find ref
    1991 Dec 27 – 31 The first winter school of Hungary is held in Miskolc. [BINS266:2] Miskolc; Hungary First summer and winter schools
    1992 The establishment of the Townshend International School situated in the heart of Europe in Hluboká, South Bohemia, Czech Republic.
    • This private, non-affiliated, co-educational high school, accredited by the Ministry of Education with English as the teaching language, is a non-profit project and sponsors a number of students from its host country. [TIS Web Site]
    Hluboka; South Bohemia; Czech Republic Townshend International School; Bahai schools
    1992 19 - 22 Jun Graduation ceremonies were held for the thirty-eight members of the first graduating class of the Maxwell International Bahá'í School. More than seven hundred participated in the ceremonies. ["Maxwell Eagle" Sep/Oct 1992 Vol IV no. 1 page 1] British Columbia; Canada Maxwell International School; Bahai schools
    1992 21 – 23 Aug The first National Summer School of Bulgaria is held in Stara Zagora, attended by 75 people. [BINS278:1–2] Stara Zagora; Bulgaria Summer schools; First summer and winter schools
    1992 23 – 29 Aug The first Bahá'í summer school to be held in Croatia takes place in Pula, Istria, attended by a hundred Bahá'ís from nine countries. [BINS278:2; BINS287:10] Pula; Istria; Croatia First summer and winter schools
    1992 24 – 28 Oct The first Bahá'í Autumn School of Central Asia is held in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan, attended by more than 200 Bahá'ís and many others. [BINS284:2] Bishkek; Kyrgyzstan Autumn schools; Central Asia; Firsts, Other
    1992 26 – 30 Dec The first National Bahá'í Winter School of Bulgaria is held in Lovech, attended by 130 Bahá'ís. [BINS286:1–2] Lovech; Bulgaria Winter schools; First summer and winter schools
    1993 In the year The opening of the Bádi School with an enrollment of 12 students by the Torrez family members in Las Cumbres Villa Zaita, Panamá City, Republic of Panama. They rented a small, dismantled house from the Panama Social Security Agency, remodeled it and closed the garage in order to use it as a classroom.
    • Over the years, two more buildings were added to expand the facility and enrollment capacity to its present 3200 square meters and 156 students. Badi's first high school graduation was scheduled for 2004, when Badi Tutorial University was scheduled to open its door. [Bádi School , Wiki Bahá'í Faith in Panama]
    Panama Badi School; Bahai schools
    1993 19 – 21 Feb The first Bahá'í Winter School of Slovenia and Croatia, the first Bahá'í school to be held in Slovenia, takes place in Mozirje, Slovenia, attended by 20 adults and seven children. [BINS289:5–6] Mozirje; Slovenia; Croatia Winter schools; First summer and winter schools
    1993 Jul 25 – 30 The first summer school of Albania is held in Gdem, attended by about 400 Bahá'ís. [BINS299:3] Gdem; Albania First summer and winter schools
    1993 24 – 26 Dec The first summer school of Angola is held in Luanda, attended by more than 20 Bahá'ís. [BINS309:1] Luanda; Angola Summer schools; First summer and winter schools
    1994 Jan The first winter school of Mongolia is held in Songino, near Ulaan Baatar. [BINS310:6] Songino; Mongolia First summer and winter schools
    1994 Jul 6 – 10 The first Children's Bahá'í Summer School of Pakistan is held in Abbottabad, attended by 13 children. [BINS324:5] Abbottabad; Pakistan Summer schools
    1995 Jul The first Bahá'í summer school of Lithuania is held in Ukmerge, attended by 20 people. [BINS346:1] Ukmerge; Lithuania First summer and winter schools
    1996 9 - 11 Feb The first National Bahá'í Winter School of Belarus is held near Minsk. [BINS358:3] Minsk; Belarus Winter schools; First summer and winter schools
    1996 3 Mar The establishment of the Ocean of Light School in Tonga. [OoL Website, BWNS195] Tonga Bahai schools; BWNS
    2000 Jan The establishment of a high school at the Malagwane hill site in Mbabane, the capital of Swaziland, a small cosmopolitan city of about 90,000 inhabitants.
    • The school, located on the outskirts of the city, has been named "The Setsembiso Sebunye High School." In Siswati, the language of Swaziland, it means "the promise of unity."
    • It opened with a double stream (two sections) with 120 students in Forms One and Two (the 8th and 9th year of school). In subsequent years a minimum of 70 new students will be admitted.
    • A two-story, twelve-room building was completed just before the opening of school. This building contains 7 classrooms, a science lab/classroom, and a modern computer room, a library and an administrative/staff room. Each classroom is equipped with computer capabilities to provide both access to a network in support of the curriculum and the internet. This building is the first of a complex of facilities to serve the needs of a modern high school, eventually having about 400 students.
    • The total enrolment for all of the schools (high, primary and pre-primary schools) now exceeds 500. [Home Page]
    Mbabane; Swaziland Bahai schools
    2001 Jul The inauguration of the new campus of the Townshend International School in the Czech Republic.
    • Since its opening in 1992 the co-educational high school has gained accreditation from the Ministry of Education and has welcomed students from over thirty countries in addition to sponsoring students from the Czech Republic. This private, non-affiliated, co-educational high school is accredited by the Ministry of Education with English as the teaching language. [TIS Web Site]
    Czech Republic Townshend International School; Bahai schools
    2002 6 June City Montessori School in Lucknow, India wing the UNESCO Peace Education award in recognition of its efforts to promote the universal values of education for peace and tolerance and to renew the principles of secularism at a time when these values and principles are increasingly being challenged. The school was founded by Mr. Jagdish Gandhi and his wife Bharti in 1959 with only 5 students and has since earned a reputation for a high level of academic excellence — and for a distinctive program of moral and spiritual education. In 1999 the Guinness Book of World Records recognized City Montessori School as the world's largest school by enrollment. The school had some 22,000 students that year. In 2002 it had 26,000 students in grade levels ranging from pre-primary to college and in 2010-11 enrolment was 39,437. In 2014-14 it was over 47,000. Technically speaking, CMS is not so much a school as a school district, with some 20 branches spread throughout Lucknow. [CMS site, BWNS165, BWNS146, One CountryVol.14,Issue 1] Lucknow; India Awards; UNESCO; City Montessori School; Bahai schools; BWNS
    2002 21 Sep The dedication, at the Green Acre Bahá'í School in Eliot Maine, the oldest permanent Bahá'í school in the world, of a new classroom and lecture hall designated as The Harriet and Curtis Kelsey Center, with an attendant Manny Reimer Hall. [BWNS175] Green Acre; Eliot; Maine; United States Green Acre; Bahai schools; Curtis Kelsey; Harriet Kelsey; First schools; BWNS
    2007. 14 Nov In a letter to the Students, Staff, Parents and Supporters of Maxwell International School the National Spiritual Assembly of the Bahá'ís of Canada announced that the school would close (at the end of the term). Financial considerations were cited as the reason. Maxwell had provided an accredited academic program for grades 7–12 leading to British Columbia high school graduation certification. The school had been established in 1989 as a non-profit educational institution with a strong emphasis on the performing arts. The Maxwell Dance Workshop used dance, music and drama to challenge young people to find new solutions for the issues facing their generation. The school also had an ESL (English as a Second Language) program to accommodate foreign students who came from diverse religious and cultural backgrounds. [Maxwell International School on A-Channel News] Shawnigan Lake; Canada Maxwell International School; Bahai Schools; Dance; Dance Workshop

    from the main catalogue

    1. Bahá'í Horizons in the 21st Century, by David S. Ruhe (1993). Informal notes transcribed from a talk closing a 1993 Conference on Social and Economic Development in Orlando, Florida, offering an overview of Baha'i activities at the turn of the millennium. [about]
    2. Bahá'í Schools, by Vahid Rafati, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 3 (1989). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
    3. Bahá'í World, The: Volume 18 (1979-1983), in Bahá'í World (1986). [about]
    4. Centres of Bahá'í Learning, by Shoghi Effendi and Universal House of Justice, in Compilation of Compilations, Volume 1 (1991). [about]
    5. Charter for Bahá'í Schools, A, by Stephen Waite and National Spiritual Assembly of India, in Bahá'í National Review, 128 (1990). Basic principles which may guide the development of Bahá'í schools and other educational projects [about]
    6. Developing a Participatory Approach to Learning, by Maija Pihlainen, in Journal of Bahá'í Studies, 4:2 (1991). [about]
    7. For the Betterment of the World: The Worldwide Bahá'í Community's Approach to Social and Economic Development, by Office of Social and Economic Development (2018). Essays, photographs, and overviews of local projects around the world, illustrating how Bahá'í principles are being carried out in practice, prepared by the Office of Social and Economic Development of the Bahá'í International Community. [about]
    8. Interdependence of Bahá'í Communities, The: Services of North American Bahá'í Women to Iran, by Baharieh Rouhani Ma'ani, in Journal of Bahá'í Studies, 4:1 (1991). [about]
    9. Introduction to Green Acre Bahá'í School, by Anne Gordon Atkinson, in Green Acre on the Piscataqua: A Centennial Celebration (1990). Brief summary of the history contained in the book-length history "Green Acre on the Piscataqua: A Centennial Celebration". [about]
    10. Messages from the Universal House of Justice 1963-1986: Third Epoch of the Formative Age, by Universal House of Justice (1996). [about]
    11. Moody, Susan I., 1851-1934: Obituary, by Miriam Haney, in The Bahá'í Magazine, 25:12 (1935). Tribute to a travel-teacher who was especially known for bringing education and medical care to women and girls in Iran, and who helped found the Tarbiyat School for Girls. [about]
    12. Proselytizing, Development, and the Covenant, by Universal House of Justice, in Messages from the Universal House of Justice: 1963-1986, The Third Epoch of the Formative Age (1996). Teaching vs. proselytization; applying Baha'i social teachings without becoming ensnared in prevailing cultural mores; and the uniqueness of the Baha'i covenant. [about]
    13. Reminiscences of the Summer School Green Acre Eliot, Maine, by Charles Mason Remey (1949). On the evolution of Green Acre from a meeting place for New England intellectuals and religious speakers into a Baha'i-managed summer school; Sarah Farmer's family and her personal difficulties; personalities of some early Baha'is; anecdotes by Remey. [about]
    14. Schools owned by Bahá'ís and "Bahá'í schools", by Universal House of Justice (1994). Are schools owned by or run by Baha'is always considered "Baha'i" schools, and does the word "Baha'i" always appear in their title? [about]
    15. Unrestrained as the Wind: A Life Dedicated to Bahá'u'lláh (1985). Compilation of quotations on topics of especial interest to Bahá'í youth. [about]
    16. Yerrinbool Bahá'í School 1938 - 1988: An Account of the First Fifty Years, by Graham Hassall (1988). History of an early Australian Baha'i school. [about]
    17. Yerrinbool Report on Scholarship: 1997, by Graham Hassall (1998). Overview of worldwide Baha'i scholarship projects, publications, and events - 1997. [about]
    18. Yerrinbool Report on Scholarship: 1998, by Graham Hassall (1999). Overview of worldwide Baha'i scholarship projects, publications, and events - 1998. [about]
    19. Yerrinbool Report on Scholarship: 1999, by Graham Hassall, in Australian Bahá'í Studies, vol. 2 (2000). Overview of worldwide Baha'i scholarship projects, publications, and events - 1999; includes a progress report on the growth of the Baha'i Library Online. [about]
     
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