||The birth of Bahíyyih Khánum, the Greatest Holy Leaf, eldest daughter of Bahá'u'lláh and Navváb, and sister of `Abdu'l-Bahá, in Tihrán. She is later designated by Shoghi Effendi `the outstanding heroine of the Bahá'í Dispensation'. [BBD42; GPB108]
Many Bábís go to Shíráz and meet the Báb. [B 103]
- For a description of her nature see BK42–3.
Táhirih is sent back to Baghdád from Karbalá. She is lodged first in the house of Shaykh Muhammad Shíbl and then in the house of the Muftí of Baghdád. During her time in Iraq she enlists a considerable number of followers and makes a number of enemies among the clergy [B162; DB271]
|Tihrán; Tehran; Shíráz; Iran; Baghdád; Karbalá; Iraq
||Bahiyyih Khanum; Greatest Holy Leaf; daughter Baha'u'llah; Navvab; sister `Abdu'l-Baha; Shoghi Effendi; Baha'i Dispensation; Babi; Bab; Tahirih; Shaykh Muhammad Shibl; Mufti Baghdad
||Birth of Mírzá Hádí Shírází, the father of Shoghi Effendi, in Shíráz.
||Shíráz; Iran; Persia
||Mirza Hadi Shirazi; father; Shoghi Effendi
|1896 in the year
||Díyá'íyyih Khánum, the eldest daughter of `Abdu'l-Bahá, marries Mírzá Hádí Afnán of Shíráz. [BW4:234 (GENEALOGY); DH59–60]
- These are the parents of Shoghi Effendi.
- For a picture of Díyá'íyyih Khánum see MA105.
||Diya'iyyih Khanum; Mirza Hadi Afnan; Shoghi Effendi
|1897. 1 Mar
||The birth of Shoghi Effendi, in the house of `Abdu'lláh Páshá. [BBD208; BKG359; DH60, 214; GBF2]
- He is descended from both the Báb and Bahá'u'lláh: his mother is the eldest daughter of `Abdu'l-Bahá; his father is an Afnán, a grandson of Hájí Mírzá `Abu'l-Qásim, a cousin of the mother of the Báb and a brother of His wife. [CB280; GBF2]
- He is the Ghusn-i-Mumtáz, the Chosen Branch. [BBD87]
- `Shoghi' means `one who longs'. [CB281]
- `Abdu'l-Bahá commands everyone, even Shoghi Effendi's father, to add the title `Effendi' after his name. [CB281; GBF2]
- `Abdu'l-Bahá gives him the surname Rabbání in the early years of his study in Haifa so that he will not be confused with his cousins, who are all called Afnán. Rabbání is also used by Shoghi Effendi's brothers and sister. [BBD191–2; DH60–1]
- See GBF6 for the schools he attends.
- See also Rabbani, The Priceless Pearl;
Rabbani, The Guardian of the Bahá'í Faith;
Giachery, Shoghi Effendi: Recollections.
|House of `Abdu'lláh Páshá
||Shoghi Effendi; Ghusn-i-Mumtaz; Haji Mirza `Abu'l-Qasim
|1912 29 Mar
||The S.S. Cedric stops at Naples.
- Shoghi Effendi is taken off the ship owing to an eye infection. [AB171–2]
||`Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Shoghi Effendi
|1917 6 Apr
||The United States enters World War I.
- See CF36 for Shoghi Effendi's opinion of its participation in the war.
||World War I; Shoghi Effendi
|1918 (in the year)
||Shoghi Effendi finishes his education in Arts and Sciences at the American University at Beirut. [DH148; GBF9]
- He receives a Bachelor of Arts degree. [GBF:9]
- He serves as `Abdu'l-Bahá's secretary for two years before resuming his education in England. [DH148; GBF9; PP26-7]
- For a picture of Shoghi Effendi at this time see BW13:131, GBF50-1 and PP88-9.
||Shoghi Effendi; American University
|1920 20 Apr
||Shoghi Effendi leaves Haifa to take up his studies at Balliol College in Oxford. As instructed by 'Abdu'l-Bahá he stays in a sanitarium in Neuilly (Maison d'Hydrothérapie et de convalescence du Parc de Neuilly, 6 Boulevard du Château, Neuilly-sur-Seine) before leaving for England in July. [SEO58}
||Haifa; Oxford; Neuilly;
||Shoghi Effendi; Balliol College; Oxford; Neuilly
||Shoghi Effendi enters Balliol College, Oxford University. [CB284; DH149; GBF11-12]
- For his purpose in going to Oxford see GBF12.
- For his time in Oxford see PP34-8.
- A Q Faizi is reported to have said, during a talk to pilgrims in May-June, 1965 that "Shoghi Effendi was sent to Oxford to protect him from potential enemies, not to learn English or be educated." [SDSC273]
||Shoghi Effendi; Balliol College; Oxford University
|1921 29 Nov
||A cable is sent to London with news of `Abdu'l-Bahá's death. Shoghi Effendi learns of his grandfather's passing about noon. [GBF13]
- See GBF13 and PP39-40 for Shoghi Effendi's reaction.
||`Abdu'l-Baha; Shoghi Effendi
|1921 16 Dec
||Shoghi Effendi leaves England for Haifa in the company of Lady Blomfield and his sister Rouhangeze [Rúhangíz]. Lady Blomfield stayed on in the Holy Land for several months to assist Shoghi Effendi in his new role as the Guardian. [GBF13-14; PP42; SBR66]
- Owing to passport difficulties Shoghi Effendi cannot leave sooner. [GBF13; PP42; SBR66]
||Shoghi Effendi; Lady Blomfield; Rouhangeze [Ruhangiz]
|1921 29 Dec
||Shoghi Effendi arrives in the Holy Land from England by train from Egypt. [GBF14; PP42]
- An envelope addressed to him from 'Abdu'l-Bahá is waiting for him. It contained the Will and Testament. [Ruhi8.2p2]
- He is so worn and grief-stricken that he has to be assisted up the stairs and is confined to bed for a number of days. [CB285]
||Shoghi Effendi; Will and Testament of 'Abdu'l-Baha
|1922 3 Jan
||The Will and Testament of `Abdu'l-Bahá is read aloud for the first time, to a group of nine men, mainly senior members of `Abdu'l-Bahá's family. [BBRSM115; CB286; ER194; GBF14; PP45]
- Shoghi Effendi is not present at the reading. [CB286; ER194]
- Shoghi Effendi is appointed Guardian of the Bahá'í Faith. [WT11]
- Shoghi Effendi had no fore-knowledge of the institution of the Guardianship nor that he would be appointed Guardian. [CB285; PP423]
||Will and Testament of `Abdu'l-Baha; Guardianship; Shoghi Effendi
|1922 7 Jan
||The Will and Testament of `Abdu'l-Bahá is read publicly to an assembled gathering of Bahá'ís from many countries. [ER199-200]
The Greatest Holy Leaf sends two cables to Persia, informing the Bahá'ís that Shoghi Effendi has been appointed Guardian and instructing them to hold memorial services for `Abdu'l-Bahá. [PP47]
- Shoghi Effendi is again absent. [ER200]
||Will and Testament of `Abdu'l-Baha; Greatest Holy Leaf; Shoghi Effendi; Guardian
|1922 16 Jan
||The Greatest Holy Leaf cables the United States that Shoghi Effendi has been appointed Guardian. [PP48]
||Greatest Holy Leaf; Guardian; Shoghi Effendi
|1922 21 Jan
||Shoghi Effendi writes to the two major communities of the Faith, Persia and America, urging the believers to arise in service for the triumph of the Cause. [BA15-17; CB298-300; CT154]
||Shoghi Effendi calls together a group of well-known Bahá'ís to discuss the future development of the Faith and the possible election of the Universal House of Justice. [BBRSM:120, 126; ER207; PP247-8]
- See ER207-8 and PP55 for those attending.
- It seems he decided that a firm base of local and national institutions to support the House of Justice would be required first. [PP248; SBR66]
||Shoghi Effendi; Universal House of Justice
|1922 5 Mar
||Shoghi Effendi writes to the American Bahá'ís calling for the establishment of local assemblies wherever nine or more believers reside and directing that all activities be placed under the authority of the local and national assemblies. [BA17-25; BBRSM120-1; CB300]
||Shoghi Effendi; local assembly; national assembly
|1922 Apr c.
||Shoghi Effendi appoints a body of nine people to act tentatively as an assembly in the Holy Land while he is away and entrusts the affairs of the Faith to the Greatest Holy Leaf. [GBF19; PP57, 276]
||Shoghi Effendi; local assembly; Greatest Holy Leaf
|1922 5 Apr
||Shoghi Effendi leaves the affairs of the Faith in the hands of the Greatest Holy Leaf and departs the Holy Land for Europe, accompanied by his eldest cousin. [PP57]
- See BA25 for his reasons for his departure.
|1922 25 Apr
||A National Spiritual Assembly was elected in the United States to replace the Executive Board of the Bahá'í Temple Unity. [SBR94]
- The difference between this body and its forerunner is little more than a change in name. [DP122]
- The conversion of the Bahá'í Temple Unity into the National Spiritual Assembly took four years; it was not until 1925 that Shoghi Effendi recognized the American national body as a National Spiritual Assembly. [CT161; DP121-2; GPB333]
- The election procedure followed that used in the United States: there was electioneering and candidates were nominated, with a straw poll taken to trim the number of eligible candidates. [CT160; DP122]
||National Spiritual Assembly; Executive Board of the Baha'i Temple Unity; Shoghi Effendi
||Shoghi Effendi sends verbal messages through Consul Schwarz to Germany and Ethel Rosenberg to Britain to form local spiritual assemblies and to arrange for the election of a national spiritual assembly in each country. [CB293; ER209, 211-12; PP56]
To the United States and Canada he sends a message to transform the `Executive Board' into a legislative institution. [CB293; CT160; ER211-12; PP56]
||Shoghi Effendi; Consul Schwarz; Ethel Rosenberg; national spiritual assembly; Executive Board
||The Greatest Holy Leaf sends Shoghi Effendi's mother and other family members to Switzerland to ask him to return to the Holy Land. [PP63]
||Greatest Holy Leaf; Shoghi Effendi
|1922 15 Dec
||Shoghi Effendi returns to the Holy Land to take up his duties as Guardian. [PP63-4]
- He sends cablegrams to a number of national communities announcing his return and his eagerness to resume the work. [PP64-5]
||Shoghi Effendi; Guardian
||Shoghi Effendi sends his early translation of The Hidden Words to America. [PP205]
||Shoghi Effendi; The Hidden Words
|1923 8 Feb
||The keys to the Shrine of Bahá'u'lláh are returned to Shoghi Effendi. [GBF23; PP71]
||Shoghi Effendi; Shrine of Baha'u'llah
|1923 12 Mar
||Shoghi Effendi writes to Bahá'ís in America, Great Britain, Germany, France, Switzerland, Italy, Japan and Australasia about Bahá'í administration, outlining the process for annual elections of assemblies and calling for the establishment of local and national funds. [BA34-43; PP330]
- See ER223-4 for the response of the British Bahá'ís.
||Shoghi Effendi; Baha'i administration; annual elections; local and national funds
||Shoghi Effendi leaves Haifa for Switzerland. [PP72; BBRSM116]
- He returns to Haifa in November 1923. [BRRSM116]
|1923 Early Sep
||J. E. Esslemont's Bahá'u'lláh and the New Era is published in Britain by George Allen and Unwin. [DJEE28; RG77]
- Shoghi Effendi views this as a landmark in British Bahá'í history. [UD97]
- Over the years he encourages its translation into dozens of languages. [RG77]
- See DJEE37-8 for the importance of this work.
||J. E. Esslemont; Baha'u'llah and the New Era; Shoghi Effendi
|1923 Nov (sometime before 14 Nov)
||Shoghi Effendi returns from Switzerland. [PP73]
||Shoghi Effendi returns to the Holy Land after an absence of some six months. [BA65-7; BBRSM117; UD279]
|1924 22 Sep-3 Oct
||The conference `Some Living Religions within the British Empire' is held in London. [BW2:225; ER233; GPB342]
- For details of the planning of the conference and its outcome see ER231-5.
- For Shoghi Effendi's attitude to the conference see UD17, 19, 21-2, 245.
- Two papers about the Bahá'í Faith are read at the conference, one by Horace Holley read by Mountfort Mills and the other by Rúhí Afnán. [BW2:225; ER232-3; SBR73]
- For texts of the papers see BW2:227-42.
||Some Living Religions within the British Empire; Shoghi Effendi; Horace Holley; Mountfort Mills; Ruhi Afnan
|1924 21 Nov
||Dr John E. Esslemont arrives in Haifa to help Shoghi Effendi with his work. [DJEE31; SBR233]
||Dr John E. Esslemont; Shoghi Effendi
||The American Bahá’ís publishes Shoghi Effendi’s revised Hidden Words. [ER255]
- A final translation is made in 1926–7. [ER254; GT55–8]
||Shoghi Effendi; Hidden Words
|1925 10 Apr
||Shoghi Effendi writes to the American National Spiritual Assembly indicating that the word ‘assembly’ is to apply only to the elected body of nine believers in each locality or to the national assembly, not to the believers as a whole. [BA83; SBBH258]
|1925 22 Nov
||John Esslemont, Hand of the Cause of God, Disciple of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá, passes away in Haifa. [BW3p84-85, BBD81, SETPE1p108-110]
- For letters of Shoghi Effendi announcing his death and giving details of his life and funeral see BA97–8 and UD40–3.
- For an obituary see BW1:133–6 and BW8:929–35.
- He is buried next to the grave of Vakílu’d-Dawlih, the chief builder of the House of Worship at ‘Ishqábád. [DJEE37]
- Shoghi Effendi elevates him to the station of Hand of the Cause of God on his death. The announcement is made on November 30th. [BA7-98; BWT3:333; DJEE40; PP92; UD403, MoCxxii
- See also Moojan Momen, Dr John E. Esslemont (BPT UK 1975) and BW8p929-935 for "John Ebenezer Esslemont: His Life and Service" by Jesse E. Revell.
||John Esslemont; Hand of the Cause; Disciple of Abdul-Baha; Vakilu’d-Dawlih; House of Worship; Mashriqul-Adhkar; In Memoriam; Hand appointed posthumously by Shoghi Effendi
||Shoghi Effendi visits Finland.
||Shoghi Effendi retranslates the Hidden Words.|
- He is assisted by George Townshend and Ethel Rosenberg, the ‘English friends’ mentioned on the title page. [ER246–7, 253–6; GT109, SETPE1p126]
||Shoghi Effendi; Hidden Words; George Townshend; Ethel Rosenberg
||This was to be the start of an 18 year relationship of collaboration between Shoghi Effendi and George Townshend in the translation of the Writings. As well as Hidden Words, he worked on Kitáb-i-Íqán, The Dawn-Breakers, Prayers and Meditations by Bahá'u'lláh, Epistle to the Son of the Wolf, God Passes By and by suggesting titles and writing introductions for The Dawn-Breakers and God Passes By. [SETPE1p127]
||Shoghi Effendi; George Townshend
|1928 27 May
||Hájí Amín, Abu’l-Hasan-i-Ardikání, Hand of the Cause of God and Apostle of Bahá’u’lláh, passes away in Tihrán. [BBD7; EB263]
- For his biography see EB263.
- He is named a Hand of the Cause of God posthumously by Shoghi Effendi. [BBD7; EB263]
- See BBD7 for a picture and an account of his life.
||Haji Amin; Abu’l-Hasan-i-Ardikani; Hand of the Cause; In Memoriam; Hand appointed posthumously by Shoghi Effendi
||Shoghi Effendi sails from England to Cape Town and proceeds overland to Cairo. [PP180–1, SETPE1p163]
He travelled through East Africa passing through Rhodesia where he visited the grave of Cecil Rhodes and further north in Rhodesia to see the Victoria Falls.
- He rode as a passenger through part of East Africa with an English hunter and travelled on a train for some five hundred miles.
- He crossed the Nile River through a papyrus swamp on a ferry.
- He was back in Haifa by October. [SETPE1p163]
|England; Cape Town; Cairo
||Shoghi Effendi completes his translation of The Book of Certitude, the first of his major translations of the writings of Bahá’u’lláh. [BBRSM63–4; GT60; PP214]
||Shoghi Effendi; The Book of Certitude
||Shoghi Effendi’s translation of Nabíl’s Narrative entitled The Dawn-Breakers is published. [GBF91; PP215]
- The work took him two years of research. [PP217]
- He sent Effie Baker to Iran to take photographs for the book. [PP217]
- For George Townshend’s assistance to the project see GT59, 60, 64–9.
- For Shoghi Effendi’s purpose in translating and editing the book see WOB123.
- See also BBD64; GBF913 PP215–18.
- In the "Acknowledgement" Shoghi Effendi credits Lady Blomfield for her suggestions, "an English correspondent for his help in the preparation of the Introduction, Mrs E Hoagg for typing the manuscript and Effie Baker for the photographs. [DB page lxi]
||Shoghi Effendi; Dawn-Breakers; Effie Baker; George Townshend
|1933 23 Oct
||Keith Ransom-Kehler dies of smallpox in Isfahán. [BW5:24, 398]
- For her obituary see BW5:389–410.
- She is buried near the grave of the King of Martyrs. [BW5:398]
- For a picture of her grave see BW5:399.
- Shoghi Effendi names her America’s ‘first and distinguished martyr’. [BW5:398]
- Shoghi Effendi elevates her to the rank of Hand of the Cause on 28 October, 1933. [BW5:398, MoCxxii]
- For her mission in Iran see BW5:23–7.
- See also PP306–7.
- See Other People Other Places by Marzieh Gail (pages 176-181) for a pen portrait of Keith Ransom-Kehler .
||Keith Ransom-Kehler; Hand of the Cause; martyr; In Memoriam; Hand appointed posthumously by Shoghi Effendi
|1934 23 Jan
||Shoghi Effendi gives Queen Marie of Romania the gift of a Tablet in the handwriting of Bahá’u’lláh. [GBF50; PP116]
||Shoghi Effendi; Queen Marie
|1937 25 Mar
||Shoghi Effendi marries Mary Maxwell, Amatu’l-Bahá Rúhíyyih Khánum. [PP151; UD115]
- For a description of the simple wedding see GBF68–9 and PP151–2.
- Shoghi Effendi stresses that the marriage draws the Occident and the Orient closer together. [GBF69–70; PP153]
- The American Bahá’í community sends $19 from each of its 71 Assemblies as a wedding gift. [GBF70; PP153]
- An extension is built onto Shoghi Effendi’s apartment on the roof of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s house in Haifa to accommodate the couple. [BBD107; DH152]
- See also MA89.
||Shoghi Effendi; Mary Maxwell; Amatu’l-Bahá Rúhíyyih Khánum
|1938 27 Nov
||In a letter to the National Spiritual Assembly of the Bahá’ís of the British Isles, Shoghi Effendi outlines the attitudes and obligations of Bahá’ís regarding military service. [BW17:384–5; UD122–3, 128–9, 134]
||Shoghi Effendi; military service
|1938 25 Dec
||Shoghi Effendi addresses The Advent of Divine Justice, a book-length letter, to the Bahá’ís of the United States and Canada. [ADJ]
||Shoghi Effendi; The Advent of Divine Justice
|1939 28 Sep
||Martha Root, ‘foremost Hand raised by Bahá’u’lláh’, passes away in Honolulu. (b. 10 August,1872 Richwood Union County Ohio, USA) [BBD198–9; GPB388; MRHK486; PP105]
- Photos of her gravesite 1, 2 and 3. Directions to the gravesite.
- For Shoghi Effendi’s tribute to her see GPB386–9.
- On the 2nd of October Shoghi Effendi announced her appointment to the rank of Hand of the Cause of God. [MoCxxii]
- Shoghi Effendi calls her the ‘archetype of Bahá’í itinerant teachers’, the ‘foremost Hand raised by Bahá’u’lláh since ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s passing’, ‘Leading ambassadress of His Faith’ and ‘Pride of Bahá’í teachers’. [GPB386]
- From the Guardian...her "acts shed imperishable lustre American Bahá'í Community". [PP106]
- For her obituary see BW8:643–8.
- She is buried in the Nuuanu Cemetery, Honolulu.
- See also Garis, Martha Root: Lioness at the Threshold and Martha Root: Herald of The Kingdom.
- See Other People Other Places by Marzieh Gail (pages 170-175) for a pen-portrait of Martha Root.
- She was designated a Hand of the Cause of God on the 3rd of October, 1954
||Martha Root; Hand of the Cause; In Memoriam; Hand appointed posthumously by Shoghi Effendi; In Memoriam
|1940 15 May
||Shoghi Effendi determines to go to England; Shoghi Effendi and Rúhíyyih Khánum leave Haifa for Italy en route to London. [PP 178]
- For the difficulties and dangers of this journey see PP178–80.
- A few days after their arrival Rúhíyyih Khánum travels to Genoa to meet her father, Sutherland Maxwell who had arrived on the S.S. Rex from Montreal. After the passing of his wife Mr. Maxwell had been invited by Shoghi Effendi to come and live in Haifa.[PP178]
||Shoghi Effendi; Ruhiyyih Khanum
|1940 25 May
||Shoghi Effendi and Rúhíyyih Khánum leave for England via Menton and Marseilles after having obtained a visa for Britain in Rome. A few days later the Italians enter the war against the Allies. [PP179]
||Shoghi Effendi; Rúhíyyih Khánum
|1940 2 Jun
||Shoghi Effendi and Rúhíyyih Khánum leave St Malo, France, for England one day before the city is occupied by the Nazis. Shoghi Effendi seems acutely aware of the danger to himself and to the Faith should he fall into the hands of the Nazis because the Cause had already been banned in Germany and his inveterate enemy, the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, was allied with them. [PP 179–80]
||St Malo; France
||Shoghi Effendi; Ruhiyyih Khanum
|1940 28 Jul
||Shoghi Effendi, Rúhíyyih Khánum and Sutherland Maxwell leave England for South Africa. [PP180]
- This is the only route open back to Palestine, as Italy’s entrance into the war has closed the Mediterranean to Allied ships. [PP180]
- The trip across Africa takes them to Stanleyville, Congo; Juba in the Sudan; down the Nile to Khartoum and back to Palestine through Cairo. [PP180–1, TG159]
||Shoghi Effendi; Ruhiyyih Khanum; Sutherland Maxwell
|1940 27 Dec
||Shoghi Effendi and Rúhíyyih Khánum are back in Haifa. [PP181]
||Shoghi Effendi; Ruhiyyih Khanum
|1941 17 Feb
||John Henry Hyde Dunn, passes away in Sydney. [BW9:595; SBR166]
- Shortly after his passing Shoghi Effendi appoints him to the rank of Hand of the Cause of God. (26 April, 1952) [MoCxxii]
- For the story of his life see SBR153–68.
- For his obituary see BW9:593–7.
||John Henry Hyde Dunn; Hand of the Cause; In Memoriam; Hand appointed posthumously by Shoghi Effendi
|1942 13 Mar
||The passing of Siyyid Mustafá Rúmí. who became a Baha'i in1875 through the teaching of Jamal Effendi. He was nearly 99 years old at the time of his death.
- He was born of a noble family from Iraq who had settled in Madras, India where he encounter Jamal Effendi. Together they journeyed to Burma in 1878 and he married and settle in Rangoon. In 1899 he and some others carried the marble casket made by the Bahá'ís of Mandalay to the Holy Land for the Holy Remains of the Báb. After the loss of his wife and his business interests in 1910 he was free to devote his full time to the Faith. He was instrumental in establishing a new centre in Daidanaw in the township of Kungyangoon.
- Among his many services for the Faith he translated the Writing to Urdu and to Burmese.
- The Guardian announced his elevation to the rank of Hand of the Cause of God on the 14th of July, 1945 and made a donation for the construction of his tomb. [MoCxxi, BW10p517-520i]
|Thingagyun; Burma; Daidanaw;
||In Memoriam; Hand appointed posthumously by Shoghi Effendi; Siyyid Mustafa Rumi; Jamal Effendi
|1944 Nov (mid)
||The publication of God Passes By, a history of the first century of the Bábí and Bahá’í Faiths by Shoghi Effendi. BBRSM137; CB308–9; GPBXI]
- Shoghi Effendi intended the book to be a gift to the Bahá’ís of the West on the occasion of the hundredth anniversary of the Declaration of the Báb but conditions in the United States delayed its publication. [GT79–80; PP224]
- For information on how Shoghi Effendi wrote the book, "the only true book we have from his pen", see GBF95–6 and PP222–4.
||Shoghi Effendi; God Passes By
|1946 13 Dec
||Muhammad Taqíy-i-Isfahání passes away in Egypt. He was born in Iran. [BW11:500]
- Shoghi Effendi names him a Hand of the Cause of God posthumously. [BW11:502]
- For his obituary see BW11:500–2.
||Muhammad Taqiy-i-Isfahani; Hand of the Cause; Hand appointed posthumously by Shoghi Effendi
|1947 9 Jul
||Shoghi Effendi receives a letter from the chairman of the United Nations Special Committee on Palestine requesting a statement on the relationship the Bahá’í Faith has to Palestine and the Bahá’í attitude to any future changes in the status of the country. [BW11:43, Text]
- Shoghi Effendi replies on 14 July setting out the non-political character of the Bahá’í Faith and explaining that Palestine is both the administrative and the spiritual headquarters of the religion. [BW11:43–4]
- He also includes a statement of the history, aims and significance of the Bahá’í Faith, later published by the American National Spiritual Assembly in pamphlet form. [BW11:44; PP351]
- For the text of this latter statement see GTT1–10.
||United Nations Special Committee on Palestine; Shoghi Effendi
|1949 21 Jan
||Shoghi Effendi has a private interview with Prime Minister Ben Gurion of Israel. [GBF136; PP174–5, 289]
||Shoghi Effendi; Ben Gurion
|1951 30 Jul
||Louis Gregory, Hand of the Cause of God, passes away in Eliot, Maine, near Green Acre. [BW12:666; TMW310, LOF98]
- Soon after his passing he is designated by Shoghi Effendi the first Hand of the Cause of his race. (On 5 August, 1951) [BBD91; BW12:666, MoCxxii]
- See TG114, 117-8 for a description of his passing .
- For his obituary see BW12:666–70.
- For biographical information on Hand of the Cause Louis Gregory see Gayle Morrison, To Move the World: Louis G. Gregory and the Advancement of Racial Unity in America (Wilmette, IL, USA Bahá’í Publishing Trust, 1982, 1999 printing).
- For short biographical information see Bahá'í Encyclopedia]
||Louis Gregory; Hand of the Cause; In Memoriam; Hand appointed posthumously by Shoghi Effendi
|1951 20 Dec
||Roy C. Wilhelm, (b.17 September, 1875) passes away in Lovel, Maine. [BW12:662]
- On his passing Shoghi Effendi designates him a Hand of the Cause of God. (23 December, 1951) [MoCxxii, BW12:662]
- For his obituary see BW12:662–4.
- Find a grave
||Roy C. Wilhelm; Hand of the Cause; In Memoriam; Hand appointed posthumously by Shoghi Effendi
|1953 20 Jun
||Shoghi Effendi designates the Maxwell home in Montreal as a Shrine. [MtC179]
||Shoghi Effendi; Baha'i Shrine; Montreal Shrine
|1954 26 May
||Shoghi Effendi, Rúhíyyih Khánum and Leroy Ioas return the visit of President Ben Zvi by visiting him in Jerusalem. [GBF140; PP293–4]
||Shoghi Effendi; Rúhíyyih Khánum; Leroy Ioas; Ben Zvi
|1957 4 Nov
||Shoghi Effendi passes away in London of coronary thrombosis after a bout of Asian influenza. [CB377; PP446]
- He was in London to purchase some furniture to complete the interior of the International Archives Building. [PP445]
- For a tribute to Shoghi Effendi written by Amatu’l-Bahá Rúhíyyih Khánum see BW13:58–226.]
- See also Rabbání, The Guardian Of The Bahá’í Faith and The Priceless Pearl.
||Life of Shoghi Effendi; Passing of Shoghi Effendi; International Archives Building; Amatu’l-Baha Ruhiyyih Khanum; - Basic timeline
|1957 9 Nov
||The funeral of Shoghi Effendi takes place in the Great Northern Cemetery, London. [BW13:222; PP448]
- See BW13:222 for details of the funeral service.
- See BW13:222–5 and PP449–50 for a description of the funeral.
|1957 19 Nov
||Nine Hands of the Cause are chosen by Rúhíyyih Khánum to examine Shoghi Effendi’s apartment. [BW 13:341]
- These are the five members of the International Bahá’í Council (Rúhíyyih Khánum, Mason Remey, Amelia Collins, Ugo Giachery and Leroy Ioas), an Afnán (Hasan Balyuzi), a representative of the Hands of the Western Hemisphere (Horace Holley), a representative of the Hands of the African continent (Músá Banání) and the Trustee of the Huqúqu’lláh (‘Alí Muhammad Varqá). [BW13:341]
- After seeing that the seals are intact, the Hands examine the contents of Shoghi Effendi’s safe and desk. [BW13:341]
- The nine Hands sign a document testifying that no Will or Testament of any nature executed by Shoghi Effendi has been found. This is reported to the entire body of Hands assembled in the Mansion of Bahjí. [BW13:341]
- See CB378–9 for an explanation of why Shoghi Effendi left no Will.
||Shoghi Effendi; Hand of the Cause; Ruhiyyih Khanum; International Baha’i Council; Mason Remey; Amelia Collins; Ugo Giachery; Leroy Ioas; Hasan Balyuzi; Horace Holley; Musa Banani; ‘Ali Muhammad Varqa
|1958 1 Nov
||The monument marking Shoghi Effendi’s resting place is completed. [MC117]
- Dust from the Shrine of Bahá’u’lláh is placed in the foundations. [MC117]
- For a description of the resting place see BBD194–5 and MC135–6.
- The monument is paid for from a Memorial Fund established after Shoghi Effendi’s passing. Money in excess of the amount required is spent on the teaching work and on the construction of the Temples. [MC132]
||Shoghi Effendi; Shrine of Baha’u’llah
|1975 5 Feb
||A strip of land facing the resting place of Shoghi Effendi is bought by the Universal House of Justice to ensure protection of the site. [BW16:134; BW17:82; VV22]
||Shoghi Effendi's Resting Place; UHJ
|1976 12 Sep
||His Highness Malietoa Tanumafili II of Western Samoa visits the resting place of Shoghi Effendi. [BW17:69; VV22]
||Western Samoa; London;
||Malietoa Tanumafili II; Shoghi Effendi's Resting Place
|2004 29 Jun
||The passing of Gloria Faizi in Brisbane, Australia. The Universal House of Justice said they remembered with appreciation "her many contributions to the progress of the Baha'i communities, including her pioneering in Bahrain with her illustrious husband, her work at the Baha'i World Centre, and her devoted travels far and wide as a teacher of the Cause."
- Gloria Faizi was born into the Ala'i family, distinguished for its service to the Faith. She met the head of the Faith, Shoghi Effendi, when she accompanied her father to the Holy Land as a child. When she was 17, she married Abu'l-Qásim Faizi, and together they assisted Baha'i communities in a remote rural area of Iran before settling in Bahrain in the mid-1940s. Their two children, Naysan and May, were born during their 15 years there. [BWNW318, BW04-05p287]
|Brisbane; Australia; Bahrain
||Gloria Faizi; pioneer; UHJ; Shoghi Effendi