Bahá'í Library Online
. . . .
.

Search for tag "mother"

from the chronology

date event locations tags see also
1846 Summer The Báb bequeaths all His possessions to His mother and His wife and reveals a special prayer for His wife to help her in times of sorrow He tells his wife of His impending martyrdom. He moves to the house of His uncle Hájí Mírzá Siyyid `Alí. He tells the Bábís in Shíráz to go to Isfahán. [GPB14; KB21–2; TB103–5, LTDT13] Shíráz; Isfahán; Iran; Persia Bab; mother; wife; prayer; martyrdom; uncle; Haji Mirza Siyyid `Ali; Babi
1850. 25 Aug The arrival of ‘Azíz Khán-i-Mukrí, commander-in-chief of Iran's army, in Zanján where the fighting begun in May continues. He takes charge of the operation. [BBR119; BW18:382; DB556]

  • For the story of Ashraf and his mother see DB562–3.
Zanján; Iran; Persia ‘Azíz Khán-i-Mukrí; commander-in-chief; army; Ashraf; mother
1852 Jan Mírzá Taqí Khán is killed in the public bath in Káshán by order of the Sháh on the instigation of the Sháh's mother and Mírzá Áqá Khán. [BBR164–5; BKG72]

  • He chooses to have his veins opened and he bleeds to death. [BBR164; BKG72]
Káshán; Iran; Persia Mirza Taqi Khan; death; Shah; mother; Mirza Áqa Khan
1871. 1 Nov Birth of `Lua' Getsinger (Lucinda Louisa Aurora Moore), Disciple of `Abdu'l-Bahá, Herald of the Covenant and Mother Teacher of the West. `Lua' Getsinger (Lucinda Louisa Aurora Moore); Disciple of `Abdu'l-Baha; Herald of the Covenant; Mother Teacher of the West
1895. 23 Jun Birth of Leonora Stirling Armstrong, pioneer American Bahá'í, regarded as the Mother of South America, in upstate New York. New York; USA Leonora Stirling Armstrong; Mother of South America; Leonora Armstrong
1919 The first Norwegian to accept the Faith, Johanna Christensen-Schubarth, `the mother of the Norwegian Bahá'í Community', becomes a Bahá'í in the United States. [BW12:694-6]. USA Johanna Christensen-Schubarth; the mother of the Norwegian Baha'i Community
1938 30 Apr Munírih Khánum, the Holy Mother, wife of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá, passes away. [BBD166; BW8:260; CB358; DH161]
  • Note: UD119 records this was 28 April.
  • Shoghi Effendi inters her body just west of the Shrine of Bahíyyih Khánum and erects a simple monument over her grave. [DH161]
  • For excerpts from her autobiography see BW8:259–63.
  • For tributes to her see BW8:263–7.
Haifa Munirih Khanum; Holy Mother; In Memoriam; Shrine of Baha'u'llah
1939 Shoghi Effendi orders from Italy twin monuments similar in style to that of the Greatest Holy Leaf and seeks permission from the British authorities to reinter the remains of Navváb and the Purest Branch on Mount Carmel near those of Bahíyyih Khánum and the Holy Mother. [DH162; PP259] Navvab; Purest Branch; Mount Carmel; Bahiyyih Khanum; Holy Mother
1940 1 Mar May Bolles Maxwell passes away in Buenos Aires. [BBD153; BW8:631 TG49]
  • Shoghi Effendi awards her the honour of a ‘martyr’s death’ and a Disciple of 'Abdu'l-Bahá. [BW8:631; MA38]
  • She was the first Bahá'í on European soil and the "mother" of both the French and the Canadian Bahá'í communities. [PP149]
  • For the story of her life see BW17:437–8.
  • Shoghi Effendi asks her husband, Sutherland Maxwell, to design her tomb, which is to be a ‘historic centre’ for ‘pioneer Bahá’í activity’. [BW8:642]
  • For an account of the erection of the monument to her see PSBW83–6.
Buenos Aires; May Bolles Maxwell; martyr; Sutherland Maxwell; Disciple of 'Abdu'l-Baha; Mother of the French Baha'i community; Mother of the Canadian Baha'i community
1940 27 Dec Elizabeth Cheney, the ‘spiritual mother of Paraguay’, arrives in Paraguay, the first pioneer to the country. Paraguay Elizabeth Cheney; spiritual mother
1941 18 May Yvonne Cuellar, a French woman, becomes a Bahá’í in Bolivia.
  • Although Marina del Prado was the first to become a Bahá’í, on 2 February 1941, she did not remain active, so Yvonne Cuellar is recognized as the first Bahá’í in Bolivia. She was called by Shoghi Effendi ‘Mother of Bolivia’.
  • For the story of her life see BW19:619–22.
Bolivia Yvonne Cuellar; spiritual mother
1953 3 – 6 May The All-America Intercontinental Teaching Conference is held in Chicago. [BW12:133]
  • For the texts of Shoghi Effendi’s messages to the conference see BW12:133–41 and MBW142–6.
  • Twelve Hands of the Cause are present. [BW12:143]
  • At the conference, five members of the National Spiritual Assembly of the United States resign from that body in order to go pioneering: Elsie Austin, Dorothy Baker, Matthew Bullock, Mamie Seto and Dr William Kenneth Christian. [ZK102]
  • Extract from the cecond message to All-American Intercontinental Conference from Shoghi Effendi... [MBW150]
    .....the lands contributed in Latin America for a similar purpose approximate one-half of a million square meters, ninety thousand of which have been set aside near Santiago, Chile, for the first Mashriqu’l-Adhkár of South America..
Chicago; US All-America Intercontinental Teaching Conference; Hand of the Cause; pioneer; Elsie Austin; Dorothy Baker’ Matthew Bullock; Mamie Seto; Dr William Kenneth Christian; Intercontinental Teaching Conference; Conference; Baha'i House of Worship; Mother Temple of South America; Continental Mashriqu’l-Adhkar; Mashriqu'l-Adhkar
1958 21–24 Mar The second Intercontinental Conference held at the mid-point of the Crusade convenes in Sydney, Australia. [BW13:319]
  • Hand of the Cause Charles Mason Remey, who had been designated by the Guardian as his representative and who is the architect of the Mother Temple of Australasia, attends, accompanied by four other Hands of the Cause. [BW13:317]
  • For the message of the Custodians to the conference see MC72–5.
  • For a report of the conference see BW13:319–21.
Sydney; Australia Hand of the Cause; Charles Mason Remey; Mother Temple; Mashriqu'l-Adhkar; Intercontinental Conference; Conference
1961 14 Jan The House of’ Worship in Kampala, the Mother Temple of Africa, is dedicated by Hand of the Cause Rúhíyyih Khánum in a service for Bahá’ís only. [BW13:713–14]
  • For details of the service and a picture see BW13:714. [TG159]
  • Enoch Olinga is not present because of the unrest in British Cameroons. [TG160]
Kampala; Uganda Mother Temple; House of’ Worship; Mashriqu'l-Adhkar
1961 16 Sep The House of Worship in Sydney, the Mother Temple of the Antipodes, is dedicated by Hand of the Cause Rúhíyyih Khánum in a service for Bahá’ís only. [BW13:729; MC15]
  • For details of the service and pictures see BW13:726–32.
Sydney; Australia House of Worship; Mother Temple; Hand of the Cause; Ruhiyyih Khanum; Mashriqu'l-Adhkar
1967 8 Oct The foundation stone of the Mother Temple of Latin America is laid by Hand of the Cause Rúhíyyih Khánum in Panama City. [BW14:494] Panama City; Panama Mother Temple; Hand of the Cause; Ruhiyyih Khanum; Mashriqu'l-Adhkar
1972 28 Apr - 2 May An international teaching conference is held in conjunction with the dedication of the Mother Temple of Latin America in Panama. [BW15:633–42]
  • For pictures see BW15:632–49.
  • Some 3,000 Bahá'ís attend. [TG191]
Panama Mother Temple; Mashriqu'l-Adhkar
1977 17 Oct At the end of the Asian Bahá’í Women’s Conference Hand of the Cause Amatu’l-Bahá Rúhíyyih Khánum lays the foundation stone of the Mother Temple of the Indian Subcontinent. [BW17:85, 180, 368–70; VV35] New Delhi Mother Temple; Hand of the Cause; Amatu’l-Baha Ruhiyyih Khanum; Mashriqu'l-Adhkar
1980 17 Oct Leonora Armstrong, the ‘spiritual mother of South America’ and the first Latin American pioneer, passes away in Bahia, Brazil. [BW18:738; VV32]
  • For her obituary see BW18:733–738.
Bahia; Brazil Leonora Armstrong; spiritual mother of South America
1982 10 – 11 Apr The National Spiritual Assembly of Panama petitions its government to issue a stamp in commemoration of the dedication of the Mother Temple of Latin America. [BW18:172–3] Panama Mother Temple; NSA Panama; Mashriqu'l-Adhkar
1984 1 Sep The House of Worship in Apia, Western Samoa, the Mother Temple of the Pacific, is dedicated in the presence of Hand of the Cause of God Amatu’l-Bahá Rúhíyyih Khánum, Hand of the Cause Dr Ugo Giachery, His Highness Malietoa Tanumafili II and more than a thousand Bahá’ís from 45 countries. [BW19:100–1; VV64]
  • For a report of the dedication see BW19:552–3.
  • For the text of the address of His Highness Malietoa Tanumafili II see BW19:556.
  • For pictures see BW19:553 and VV64.
Apia; Western Samoa House of Worship; Mother Temple; Amatu’l-Baha Ruhiyyih Khanum; Ugo Giachery; Hand of the Cause; Malietoa Tanumafili II; Mashriqu'l-Adhkar
2001 Ridván From the Ridván Message: "It is with profound thankfulness and joy that we announce at this auspicious moment the decision to proceed with this last project. During the Five Year Plan, erection of the Mother Temple of South America in Santiago, Chile, will commence and thus fulfill a wish clearly expressed by Shoghi Effendi." [Riḍván 2001 To the Bahá’ís of the World] Santiago; Chile Mother Temple of South America; Continental Mashriqu’l-Adhkar; Mashriqu'l-Adhkar
2003 Ridván "In response to the call issued by the National Spiritual Assembly of Chile, 185 design concepts have been received from architects and designers around the world for the Mother Temple of South America to be constructed in Santiago." [Riḍván 2003 To the Bahá’ís of the World] Santiago; Chile Mother Temple of South America; Continental Mashriqu’l-Adhkar; Mashriqu’l-Adhkar
2003 May The announcement by the Universal House of Justice of the appointment of Siamak Hariri of Toronto, Canada, as architect of the Baha'i Temple to be built near Santiago in Chile. [BWNS223] Santiago; Chile; Toronto; Siamak Hariri; Mother Temple of South America; Continental Mashriqu’l-Adhkar; Mashriqu’l-Adhkar
2010 28 Nov Excavation work began on the new Bahá'í House of Worship for the South American continent, at a location in the hills of Peñalolén, a "commune" within metropolitan Santiago, at the foot of the Andes. [BWNS800] Santiago; Chile; Peñalolén Mother Temple of South America; Continental Mashriqu’l-Adhkar; Mashriqu'l-Adhkar
2013 Ridván "In Santiago, Chile, where the Mother Temple of South America is being erected, the building work continues apace. The concrete construction of the foundations, basement, and service tunnel is complete, as are the columns that will bear the superstructure. The anticipation associated with this project is growing..." [Riḍván 2013 To the Bahá’ís of the World ] Santiago; Chile Mother Temple of South America; Mashriqu’l-Adhkar; Continental Mashriqu’l-Adhkar
2014 1 Aug "The erection of the continental House of Worship for South America is moving towards its completion in Chile. The steel-frame superstructure has been almost entirely installed, the placement of the interior translucent stone panels is under way, and the landscaping and the construction of auxiliary facilities are progressing according to schedule. The friends in Santiago, supported by others from throughout the Americas, have been diligently striving to prepare the surrounding population for the emergence of the House of Worship; increasing numbers are participating in the community-building endeavours, and a stream of visitors are being welcomed to the Temple site for prayer and discussion on the practical and spiritual dimensions of the enterprise. Measures are currently being put in place in that country in anticipation of the many demands that are sure to arise once the Temple is inaugurated in 2016." [Message from The Universal House of Justice dated 1 August, 2014 to the Bahá’ís of the World] Santiago; Chile Mother Temple of South America; Continental Mashriqu’l-Adhkar; Mashriqu’l-Adhkar
2016 11 Oct The final newsreel on the construction of the Baha’i House of Worship for South America has been released as the highly-anticipated dedication of the Temple approaches. The video highlights major developments over the past year and the growing connection of the community to the Temple and the activities of service and worship that it has inspired. [Video][Architect Siamak Hariri] Santiago; Chile Mother Temple of South America; Siamak Hariri; Continental Mashriqu’l-Adhkar; Mashriqu’l-Adhkar
 
Tips:
Home Site Map Forum Links Copyright About Contact
.
. .