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Search for tag "pioneer"

from the chronology

date event locations tags see also
1866. 1 Dec Birth of Marion Jack, prominent Bahá'í travel teacher, pioneer and artist, known affectionately as ‘General jack' for her services to the Bahá'í community, in Saint John, New Brunswick.

See LDG1:217 for information on her pioneer work.

Saint John; New Brunswick; Canada Marion Jack; Bahá'í; pioneer; General jack
1939. 7 Feb In a letter to the National Spiritual Assembly of India the Guardian encouraged the concept of expansion by settlement to which he applied the name "pioneering". [MSEIp179] BWC Pioneering
1940 Marcia Atwater, from the United States, arrives in Santiago, Chile, as the first long-term pioneer. Santiago; Chile Marcia Atwater; First pioneers
1951 Portuguese Bahá’ís Mr António and Mrs Ema Rocha, Mrs Guedes DeMelo Rocha and Mrs D. Laura Rodriquez, the first pioneers to Angola, take up residence in Luanda. Luanda; Angola António Rocha; Ema Rocha; Guedes DeMelo Rocha; D. Laura Rodriquez; pioneer
1953 25 Mar Enayat Sohaili, an Iranian, arrives in Mozambique from India, the first Bahá’í pioneer to the country. [BW13:290]
  • He is imprisoned and deported in June 1953. [BW13:290]
Mozambique Enayat Sohaili; Pioneers; Persecution, Mozambique; First pioneers
1953 3 – 6 May The All-America Intercontinental Teaching Conference is held in Chicago. [BW12:133]
  • For the texts of Shoghi Effendi’s messages to the conference see BW12:133–41 and MBW142–6.
  • Twelve Hands of the Cause are present. [BW12:143]
  • At the conference, five members of the National Spiritual Assembly of the United States resign from that body in order to go pioneering: Elsie Austin, Dorothy Baker, Matthew Bullock, Mamie Seto and Dr William Kenneth Christian. [ZK102]
  • Extract from the cecond message to All-American Intercontinental Conference from Shoghi Effendi... [MBW150]
    .....the lands contributed in Latin America for a similar purpose approximate one-half of a million square meters, ninety thousand of which have been set aside near Santiago, Chile, for the first Mashriqu’l-Adhkár of South America..
Chicago; United States; Santiago; Chile Conferences, Bahai; Conferences, Teaching; Conferences, International; Teaching; Hands of the Cause; Pioneering; Elsie Austin; Dorothy Baker; Matthew Bullock; Mamie Seto; William Kenneth Christian; Mashriqul-Adhkar, Santiago; Land purchases
1953. 28 May In a message addressed on the eve of the 61st anniversary of the passing of Bahá'u'lláh, at the opening of the Ten Year Crusade, Shoghi Effendi encouraged 70 pioneers to arise to fill the goals promising that a Roll of Honour with their names would be deposited at the entrance door of the inner Sanctuary of the Tomb of Bahá’u’lláh. [MBW48-49]
  • He further elaborated in a message addressed to the National Spiritual Assembly of Canada. See the message of the 8 June 1953. [MtC177]
  • See 1992 28 May.
BWC Pioneer; Roll of Honor; Roll of Honour; Sanctuary of the Tomb of Baha’u’llah; Shrine of Baha'u'llah
1953 28 Aug Mildred Clark, a pioneer in Norway, and Loyce Lawrence (née Drugan), a nurse and hospital matron, arrive in the Lofoten Islands and are named Knights of Bahá’u’lláh. [BW13:453]
  • Mrs Lawrence begins teaching the Saami.
Lofoten Islands Knights of Bahaullah; Pioneers; Sami
1954 Feb Shirin Fozdar arrives in Saigon, the first pioneer to Vietnam. Saigon; Vietnam Shirin Fozdar; pioneer
1954 25 Mar The passing of Marion Jack (General Jack) at her pioneer post in Sofia, Bulgaria at the age of 87. She had been at her post since 1931. [BWNS385, Never be Afraid to Dare p. 227]
  • See also Marion Jack: Immortal Heroine by Jan Jasion
  • See CBNOctober1979 for tributes as well as a photo of her gravesite.
  • Sofia; Bulgaria Marion Jack; General Jack; pioneer
    1954 25 Mar Marion Jack passes away in Sofia, Bulgaria. [BW12:674; CF163]
    • Shoghi Effendi calls her ‘a shining example to pioneers of present and future generations of East and West’. [CF163]
    • For her obituary see BW12:674–7.
    • See also BFA2155; MC359.
    • For a photo of her gravestone see CBNOct1972p.10.
    Sofia; Bulgaria Marion Jack; pioneer
    1956 Jan The first Bahá’í pioneer in what is now the Central African Republic, Samson Nkeng, arrives in Bangui from the British Cameroons. Central African Republic Samson Nkeng; pioneer
    1962 Apr Virginia Breaks, Knight of Bahá’u’lláh for the Caroline Islands, moves to Saipan, the first pioneer to the area. Saipan Virginia Breaks; Knights of Bahaullah; Pioneers
    1965 The first pioneer to the San Andrés and Providencia Islands settles there briefly. pioneer
    1966 29 Sep Frances A. Foss, the first pioneer on St Maarten, arrives in Philipsburg. Philipsburg; St Maarten Frances A. Foss; pioneer
    1967 c. Egbert Barrett arrives on Carriacou from Grenada, the first pioneer to the island. Carriacou Egbert Barrett; pioneer
    1967 Mr O. T. Shelton arrives on St Eustatius in the West Leeward Islands, the first pioneer to the island. West Leeward Islands O. T. Shelton; pioneer
    1968 9 Sep Gerald (Jerry) Van Deusen, a 24-year-old American Bahá’í from the Windward, Leeward and Virgin Islands and the first pioneer to Upper Volta, arrives in Ouagadougou. Ouagadougou; Upper Volta Gerald (Jerry) Van Deusen; pioneer
    1968 Late in the year Two Chilean Bahá’ís, Aníbal Soto, a telegraph operator in the Chilean Navy and his wife, Norma Soto, are posted to a Chilean base in Antarctica. Antarctica Pioneering
    1972 30 Jul Parvíz Sádiqí, Farámarz Vujdání and Parvíz Furúghí, Iranian youth pioneers, are murdered near Mindanao, Philippines, by Muslims. [BW15:257; DM316–17]
    • The three are found in a shallow grave. All had been shot, grievously mutilated and two had been decapitated. The bodies are removed and given a Bahá'í burial in a beautiful plot donated for the purpose. [CBN261September1972p1]
    • For their obituaries see BW15:514–16.
    Mindanao; Philippines religious persecution; Parviz Sadiqi; Faramarz Vujdani; Parviz Furughi; pioneer; murder
    1975 1 Jan Shidan and Susan Kouchekzadeh, an Iranian-British couple pioneering in Sierra Leone, arrive in Conakry, the first Bahá’ís to settle in Guinea. Guinea Shidan Kouchekzadeh; Susan Kouchekzadeh; pioneer
    1998 29 Jul The passing of actor and writer O. Z. Whitehead at the age of 87 in Dublin. (b. in New York City on 18 March 1911).
    • His most acclaimed performance and best remembered role remained that of Al in John Ford's classic 1940 film version of John Steinbeck's The Grapes of Wrath.
    • After the World Congress in 1963 he pioneered to the Irish Republic where, among other services to the Faith, he served on the National Spiritual Assembly.
    • He published three volumes of pen portraits, Some Early Bahá'ís of the West (1976), Some Bahá'ís to Remember (1983), and Portraits of Some Bahá'í Women (1996).
    • Remembered as a champion of the Arts. [Bahá'í Studies Review Vol8, 1998]
    Dublin O. Z. Whitehead; World Congress; pioneer; NSA
    2003 20 Jun The passing of Ursula Samandari at her pioneering post in Buea, Cameroon.
    • Ursula Newman, her maiden name, was born in Mitcham, Surrey, England on December 29, 1909. In 1953 she and Dr. Mihdi Samandari moved to Nairobi, Kenya, and a year later went to live in Mogadishu, Somalia where they stayed until 1971. At the request of the Universal House of Justice, they had pioneered to Cameroon. [BWNS230, BW'03-‘04pg237]
    Buea; Cameroon; Nairobi; Kenya; Mogadishu; Somalia Ursula Samandari; pioneer; Mihdi Samandari; In Memoriam
    2004 29 Jun The passing of Gloria Faizi in Brisbane, Australia. The Universal House of Justice said they remembered with appreciation "her many contributions to the progress of the Baha'i communities, including her pioneering in Bahrain with her illustrious husband, her work at the Baha'i World Centre, and her devoted travels far and wide as a teacher of the Cause."
    • Gloria Faizi was born into the Ala'i family, distinguished for its service to the Faith. She met the head of the Faith, Shoghi Effendi, when she accompanied her father to the Holy Land as a child. When she was 17, she married Abu'l-Qásim Faizi, and together they assisted Baha'i communities in a remote rural area of Iran before settling in Bahrain in the mid-1940s. Their two children, Naysan and May, were born during their 15 years there. [BWNW318, BW04-05p287]
    Brisbane; Australia; Bahrain Gloria Faizi; pioneer; UHJ; Shoghi Effendi

    from the main catalogue

    1. Advent of Divine Justice, by Shoghi Effendi (1971). [about]
    2. Aspects of the Bahá'í Teachings, Conditions for Membership, and Voting Rights: Seven various questions, by Universal House of Justice (1991). On Baha'i status and community membership, spiritual primacy, Most Great Spirit, studying the Covenant, revelation of the Bab, civil elections, and definition of a pioneer. Includes short compilation "Conditions for Membership in the Baha'i Community." [about]
    3. Bahá'í Faith and Traditional Societies, The: Exploring Universes of Discourse, by Moojan Momen, in dialogue magazine, 1:4 (1987). How misunderstandings can arise between pioneers and the cultures they've moved to; traditional vs. modern ways of communication, and the dynamics of conversion. [about]
    4. Baha'i Pioneers, by Moojan Momen, in Encyclopaedia Iranica (2013). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite. [about]
    5. Balance in life, and pioneering versus getting an education, by Universal House of Justice (1994). Achieving balance and planning in "each important area of one's life," including balancing the need for education and a profession and pioneering. [about]
    6. Betty Becker, Valiant Servant Pioneer, by Earl Redman (2017). The story of a Bahá’í from Kansas who moved first to Alaska to spread the Bahá’í Faith there and then to Chile. Link to document offsite. [about]
    7. Exploring Universes of Discourse: The Meeting of the Bahá'í Faith and Traditional Society, by Moojan Momen, in dialogue magazine, 1:4 (1987). To communicate, people need to share not just a common language; there must also be a common framework for understanding, a "universe of discourse." Baha'i pioneers must bridge cultural and linguistic divides when imparting the teachings of the Faith. [about]
    8. Los Angeles, Living in, by Universal House of Justice (1996). Baha'is have not been advised to avoid living in Los Angeles, but should still recall the importance of pioneering and not congregating in insular communities. [about]
    9. Message on clusters, institutes, and growth, by International Teaching Centre (2007). Message from the Counsellors on growth and enrollments. [about]
    10. Messages from the Universal House of Justice 1963-86, by Universal House of Justice (1996). [about]
    11. Moths Turned Eagles: The Spiritual Conquests of Sabri and Raissa Elias, by Gamal Hassan (2008). Introduction of the Baha'i Faith to Ethiopia and Djibouti, and the activities of Gila Bahta. [about]
    12. Pioneering, by Universal House of Justice (2007). Short letter to the Baha'is of the world. [about]
    13. Pioneering or Education?, by Universal House of Justice (1968). To Baha'i youth in every land: deciding whether to pioneer or continue with higher education. [about]
    14. Pioneering Over Four Epochs: An Autobiographical Study: Poetry and essays, by Ron Price (1944). Table of Contents for a memoir of six decades of teaching & international travel, an extensive personal account of the experience of a Western Bahai beginning in the 2nd epoch, 1944 to 1963, of the teaching Plans. [about]
    15. Pioneering, Language, Arts, Example of 'Abdu'l-Bahá, by Universal House of Justice (1998). Pioneering; Serving parents; Serving where need is; Gardens; International Auxiliary Language; Arabic pronunciation; study of Persian; Some references in Writings of Baha'u'llah; Folk art; External affairs; Daily living; Abdu'l-Baha as divine exemplar. [about]
    16. Roll of Honor Bahá'í World Crusade 1953-1963, in Bahá'í World, Vol. 20 (1986-1992) (1998). A scroll listing the names of the Knights of Baha'u'llah. [about]
    17. Servants of the Glory: A Chronicle of Forty Years of Pioneering, by Adrienne Morgan and Dempsey Morgan (2017). Memoirs of a black couple from the United States who lived and spread the Bahá’í Faith in across parts of east Asia and Africa in the 1950s-1980s. Text by Dempsey Morgan, poems by Adrienne Morgan. Link to document offsite. [about]
    18. Unrestrained as the Wind: A Life Dedicated to Bahá'u'lláh (1985). Compilation of quotations on topics of especial interest to Bahá'í youth. [about]
    19. Virgin countries and territories opened during the first year of the 10 Year Crusade 1953-1954, in Bahá'í World, Vol. 12 (April 1950-1954) (1956). [about]
    20. Virgin Territories Opened by the Knights of Baha'u'llah 1953-1990, in Bahá'í World, Vol. 20 (1986-1992) (1998). List of names and dates of pioneers and the NSAs responsible for opening territories. [about]
     
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