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from the chronology

date event locations tags see also
1839 Defeat of Persia at the hands of the British. [BBRSM55] Persia; Iran British defeat Persia; war; Britain
1846 c. Nov Manúchihr Khán arranges a meeting between the Báb and the clerics to silence their opposition. After the encounter, about 70 of them meet and issue a death-warrant. [B112–13; DB205–9] Iran; Persia Manuchihr Khan; Bab; death-warrant
1856 to Mar 1857 The Anglo-Persian War. [BBR165, 263] Írán Anglo-Persian War
1870 19 Jul – 1871 10 May Franco-Prussian War was a conflict between the Second French Empire of Napoleon III and the German states of the North German Confederation led by the Kingdom of Prussia. The conflict was caused by Prussian ambitions to extend German unification and French fears of the shift in the European balance of power that would result if the Prussians succeeded.
  • See KA90 for Bahá'u'lláh's reference to this and KAN121 for `Abdu'l-Bahá's interpretation.
Franco-Prussian War; War
1898 Jul or Aug Phoebe Hearst becomes a Bahá'í in California through the efforts of Lua and Edward Getsinger. [BFA1:XXVIII 139]
  • SBBH1:93 says this was July, based on Kheiralla's autobiography; BFA1 is based on a letter from Phoebe Hearst.
California Phoebe Hearst; Lua Getsinger; Edward Getsinger
1898. 22 Sep The first Western pilgrims depart for `Akká, travelling via New York and Paris. [BFA1:XXVIII, 140–1, 230]
  • It is arranged by Phoebe Hearst, who had already planned a journey to Egypt for the autumn. [BFA1:140]
  • There are 15 pilgrims in all. [AB68]
New York Pilgrimage; Phoebe Hearst; Lua Getsinger; Edward Getsinger; Robert Turner; BWC Pilgrimage
1898. 10 Dec The first Western pilgrims arrive in `Akká. [AB68; BBD13; BBRXXX; DH214; GPB257; SCU13]
  • They divide themselves into three parties, using Cairo as a staging post. [AB68; BFA1:143; SBBH1:93]
  • See AB68–72; BFA2:9; DH61; GPB257, 259 for those included in the pilgrimage group.
  • Included were Mrs Hearst's nieces, a few American friends and, joining in London, Mrs Mary Thornburgh-Cropper and her mother. [SCU13. CH234-236]
  • See BFA1:143–4 for those included in the first group.
  • Among the group is Robert Turner, the first member of the black race to become a Bahá'í. For 35 years, Turner faithfully served as butler to Phoebe Apperson Hearst and Senator George Hearst, parents of newspaper magnate William Randolph Hearst. [AB72; BBD227; BFA1:139; GPB259]
  • `Abdu'l-Bahá receives the pilgrims in the House of `Abdu'lláh Páshá. [BBD13, 108; DH61]
  • See AB68–71; BW16:104–5; CH235–6 and GPB257–9 for the pilgrims' responses to the pilgrimage.
  • Edward Getsinger makes a recording of `Abdu'l-Bahá chanting a prayer. [BFA1:160]
  • The Getsingers returned from the pilgrimage with an Arabic copy of The Kitáb-i-Aqdas which was later translated by Anton Haddad. [BFA2:11]
`Akka; Cairo; House of `Abdu'llah Pasha Robert Turner; Edward Getsinger; The Kitab-i-Aqdas; Anton Haddad; pilgrimage; BWC Pilgrimage
1900 7 Dec In New York, nine men were selected to govern the affairs of the Faith. Those serving were Arthur Dodge, Hooper Harris, William Hoar, Andrew Hutchinson, Howard MacNutt, Frank Osborne, Edwin Putnam, Charles Sprague and Orosco Woolson. Among the problems that they had to face was the affect of the disaffection of Kheiralla. [BFA2p36] New York; NY Counsel Board; Arthur Dodge; Hooper Harris; William Hoar; Andrew Hutchinson; Howard MacNutt; Frank Osborne; Edwin Putnam; Charles Sprague; Orosco Woolson
1909 Nov Charles Mason Remey and Howard Struven leave the United States on the first Bahá'í teaching trip to circle the globe. [BFA2:348, GPB261]
  • They go to Hawaii, Japan, Shanghai, Singapore and to Burma, India and `Akká. [BFA2:348–50]
Hawaii; Japan; Shanghai; Singapore; Burma; India; `Akká Charles Mason Remey; Howard Struven; travel teaching
1909 25 Nov Dr Susan Moody arrives in Tihrán. She and four Persian Bahá'í doctors start the Sehat Hospital. Because the hospital was only accessible to the wealthy she established a private practice that was open to all women regardless of their ability to pay. [BFA2:359-360]
  • She spent two days in 'Akká en route to Persia and 'Abdu'l-Bahá conferred upon her the title Amatu'l-'Alí (Handmaid of the Most High). [BFA2:358]
  • Dr Sarah A. Clock arrives from Seattle in 1911 to assist her followed by Miss Elizabeth Stewart (nurse). [BFA2:361]
Tihrán Dr Susan Moody; Sehat Hospital; Dr Sarah A. Clock; Miss Elizabeth Stewart
1909 Dec Charles Mason Remey and Howard Struven speak at the first Bahá'í public meeting held in Honolulu. [BFA2:348; SBR189] Honolulu Charles Mason Remey; Howard Struven; public meeting
1910 Charles Mason Remey and Howard Struven arrive in Shanghai and meet with Áqá Mírzá `Abdu'l-Baqí Yazdí. They are probably the first Bahá'ís from the West to go to China. [PH25] Shanghai Charles Mason Remey; Howard Struven; Áqa Mirza `Abdu'l-Baqi Yazdi
1911 22 Aug - 3 Sep `Abdu'l-Bahá stops briefly at Thonon-les-Bains on Lake Leman. [AB140; GPB280; SBR219]
  • While there He encountered Zillu's-Sultán, the eldest son of the Sháh of the time, Násirid-Dín Sháh. It was he who had ratified the execution of the King of Martyrs and the Beloved of Martyrs and at least 100 others. The whole family was in exile in Geneva at the time. 'Abdu'l-Bahá was very courteous to this man who had been such an enemy of the Cause. [DJT172] .
  • The Master sent for Juliet Thompson who had been waiting in London for His permission to join Him.
  • During His stay he had a visit from Annie Boylan, a member of the New York community that was experiencing disharmony. Unaware of Bahá'í election procedures, a group that was unhappy with the disunity and ineffectiveness of the Council had organized a vote to be rid of several of its Council members. 'Abdu'l-Bahá had written to the community a short time before recommending that the Council be expanded from 9 to 27 members so that all factions could be represented. He also recommended that women be included on the Council and that the name be changed to "the Spiritual Assembly of the Bahá'ís of New York". This apparently addressed the problem of disunity because the New York community went on to contribute significantly to the progress of the Faith on a national level. [DJT181, BFA2p338]
  • Horace Holley, who lived at Quattro Torri, Siena, Italy at the time, along with his wife Bertha Herbert and baby daughter Hertha, visited 'Abdu'l-Bahá on the 29th and 30th of August. Please see his Religion for Mankind p 232-237 for a pen portrait of 'Abdu'l-Bahá.
  • He met with Elizabeth Stewart and Lilian Kappes who were on their way to Tehran. [find reference]
  • It would appear that He returned to Marseilles and travelled to London by sea. [SCU22-23]
Thonon-les-Bains; Lake Leman; Siena; Italy First Western tour by `Abdu'l-Baha'; New York Council; Zillu's-Sultan; Juliet Thompson; Annie Boylan; Boilin' Annie; Horace Holley; Bertha Holley; Hertha Holley; Elizabeth Stewart; Lilian Kappes
1911 4 Sep `Abdu'l-Bahá arrives in London accompanied by His secretary, Mírzá Mahmúd and Khusraw, His servant. [ABL53, AB140; GBP280; SBR22, 148, BW4p378, In the Footsteps of the Master p.5]
  • CH149 says He arrived 8 September and 3 September as per the UK Bahá'í site.
  • Those Bahá'ís who assembled to meet him were listed as: Lady Blomfield (in whose home at 97 Cadogan Gardens He stayed), Mrs Thornburg-Cropper, Miss Ethel Rosenberg, Miss Gamble, Miss Herrick, Mrs Scaramucci, Miss Elsie Lee, Mr Catanach, Mr Cuthbert, Mr and Mrs Jenner, Miss Yandell, Miss Julia Culver, Mrs Stannard, Mr and Mrs Eric Hammond, The Rev Harrold Johnston, The Rev Cooper Hunt, Miss Juliet Thompson, Mrs Louise Waite, Mrs Movius, Mrs Claudia Coles, Mr Mountfort Mills, Mr Mason Remey and Miss Drake Wright. Mr and Mrs Dreyfus-Barney provided translation. In addition there were a number of Persians who took the opportunity to meet Him. [BW4p377]
  • As described by Lady Blomfield those who came to see him were: "Ministers and missionaries, Oriental scholars and occult students practical men of affairs and mystics, Anglican-Catholics and Nonconformists, Theosophists and Hindus, Christian Scientists and doctors of medicine, Muslims, Buddhists, and Zoroastrians. There also called: politicians, Salvation Army soldiers, and other workers for human good, women suffragists, journalists, writers, poets and healers dress-makers and great ladies, artists and artisans, poor workless people and prosperous merchants, members of the dramatic and musical world, these all came; and none were too lowly nor too great to receive the sympathetic consideration of this holy Messenger, who was ever giving His life for others' good." In addition there was a representation from the Bramo-Somaj Society, a Hindu reform group. [CH150-152]
  • See BW4p377 where Lady Blomfield reports that Prince Jalalu'd-Dawlih entreated to be received by 'Abdu'l-Bahá and when in His presence fell prostrate and implored pardon for his crimes. (see 1891 19 May) [BW4p377]
  • Among the list of visitors were: Professor Edward Granville Browne, Mr Tudor-Pole, Emmeline Pankhurst, a British political activist and leader of the British suffragette movement who helped women win the right to vote. [BW4p377]
  • See BW4p381 for the story of a homeless, suicidal man who had seen a picture of 'Abdu'l-Bahá in a newspaper in a shop window.
  • See BW4p382-383 for the story of the persistent journalist who imposed upon the appointment of two ladies from Scotland who had journeyed all that day and intended to make the return voyage that same evening.
  • For details of His stay in England see AB140–58 and GPB283–5.
  • It is implied that 'Abdu'l-Bahá was attended by Dr Lutfu-lláh Hakím while in London. [BW4p380]
  • During His stay in London 'Abdu'l-Bahá received death threats by anonymous letter and he was advised to give up He planned journey to Egypt. He ignored them. [BW4p 387]
  • During His stay in London He has professional photographs of Himself taken. "...to have a picture of oneself is to emphasise the personality, which is merely the lamp, and is quite unimportant. The light burning with the lamp has the only real significance." [SBR25, BW4p383-384]
London First Western tour by `Abdu'l-Baha'; Mrs Thornburg-Cropper; Miss Ethel Rosenberg; Miss Gamble; Miss Herrick; Mrs Scaramucci; Miss Elsie Lee; Mr Catanach; Mr Cuthbert; Mr and Mrs Jenner; Miss Yandell; Miss Julia Culver; Mrs Stannard; Mr and Mrs Eric Hammond; The Rev Harrold Johnston; The Rev Cooper Hunt; Miss Juliet Thompson; Mrs Louise Waite; Mrs Movius; Mrs Claudia Coles; Mr Mountfort Mills; Mr Mason Reme; Miss Drake Wright. Mr and Mrs Dreyfus-Barney; Jalalu'd-Din-Dawlih; Mirza Mahmud; Khusraw; Professor Edward Granville Browne; Mr Tudor-Pole; Emmeline Pankhurst
1911 9 Sep ‘Abdu’l-Bahá visited the home of Mrs Thornburgh-Cropper at 31 Evelyn Mansions, Carlisle Place, Victoria.

In the afternoon ‘Abdu’l-Bahá visited the home of Miss Anett Schepel and Miss Alice Buckton, Vanners, Byfleet, Surrey (since demolished), some 20 miles out of London. He spoke with a number of working women from the Passmore Edwards' Settlement who were visiting while on holidays. (The Passmore Edwards' Settlement began in 1890 as one of the first “settlements” run by socially-conscious middle-class educators for the benefit of local working people and their children.)

Alice Mary Buckton (1867-1944) wrote many plays and poems. Her play Eager Heart was seen by ‘Abdu’l-Bahá on His second visit to England. She became a member of the Froebelian Society which was formed to reform educational methods. She persuaded Anett Schepel who had worked at Pestalozzi-Froebel Haus in Germany to move to England and together they worked to improve child education, opening a school in St John’s Wood. [ABL85-86, In the Footsteps of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá p9-10]

Byfleet; Passmore Edwards' Settlement; First Western tour by `Abdu'l-Baha'; Anett Schepel; Alice Buckton
1911 29 Sep A farewell reception was given for 'Abdu'l-Bahá in the hall of the Passmore Edwards' Settlement in Tavistock Place. It was attended by a capacity crowd of some 460 people. [ABL31-39, In the Footsteps of 'Abdu'l-Bahá p.18] Byfleet; Passmore Edwards' Settlement; First Western tour by `Abdu'l-Baha'
1912 11 Apr `Abdu'l-Bahá arrives in New York. [AB172; GPB281, APD3-5]
  • During His tour `Abdu'l-Bahá visits 32 cities and makes numerous addresses of which 185 are recorded. [SBBH1:110]
  • For a chronological list of talks given by `Abdu'l-Bahá while in North America see PUP473–8.
  • For details of His journey see AB171–339.
  • Ward, 239 Days; Balyuzi, `Abdu'l-Bahá; The Diary of Juliet Thompson; many editions of Star of the West and numerous biographies of Bahá'ís of the time as well as other books carry information about `Abdu'l-Bahá travels and talks.
  • Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Edward B. Kinney, 780 West End Avenue, New York. [PUP3]
  • He was accompanied by:

    -Sayyid Asadu'lláh Qumí,

    -Dr Fareed Amin Ullah, He was a nephew of 'Abdu'l-Bahá and served as his translator during His tour of the West. Because of his disobedience he and his father were both expelled from the Faith.

    -Mírza Mahmúd-i Zarqání. He was a member of 'Abdu'l-Bahá's entourage for both the Western and European tours. He wrote an account of the travels in a book entitled Kitáb-i Badáyi'u'l-Áthár and called "Mahmúd's Diary" in the English translation. [APD151]

    -Mirza Ahmad Sohrab. He had originally come to the West to assist Mírzá Abú'l-Fadl Gulpaygání in 1901. He remained and worked at the Iranian Consulate until 1912 and during this time he translated much of the correspondence between 'Abdu'l-Bahâ and the Western believers. After the American tour he returned to the Holy Land. After the passing of 'Abdu'l-Bahá he rejected the authority of Shoghi Effendi and was expelled. [APD155]

New York `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Mr and Mrs Edward B. Kinney; Edward Kinney
1912 12 Apr Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Howard MacNutt, 935 Eastern Parkway, Brooklyn, New York, [PUP4]
  • Talk at Studio of Miss Phillips, 39 West Sixty-seventh Street, New York. [PUP7]
New York; Howard McNutt; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Miss Phillips
1912 17 Apr Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Edward B. Kinney, 780 West End Avenue, New York, [PUP23] New York; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Edward Kinney
1912 19 Apr Talk at Earl Hall, Columbia University, New York. [PUP29]

'Abdu'l-Bahá visits The Bowery accompanied by Edward Getsinger and Juliet Thompson as noted in her unpublished Diary. They arrived with two heavy bags of quarters to distribute to the poor. [OPOP165-168, PUP32]

New York; NY Earl Hall; The Bowary; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
1912 23 Apr Talk at Howard University, Washington, D.C. [PUP44, APD29]

Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Arthur J. Parsons, 1700 Eighteenth Street, NW, Washington, D.C. [PUP46]

Talk to Bethel Literary Society, Metropolitan African Methodist Episcopal Church, M Street, NW, Washington, D.C. [PUP49]

Washington; DC `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Howard University; Bethel Literary Society; Metropolitan African Methodist Episcopal Church
1912 19 May In the morning He spoke at the Church of the Divine Paternity, Central Park West, New York. [PUP126]

`Abdu'l-Bahá travels to Jersey City to speak in the Unitarian Church, the Brotherhood Church, Bergen and Fairview Avenues, of which Howard Colby Ives is the pastor. [239D:70–1; AB194, PUP129] ]

Jersey City; New Jersey; New York; Unitarian Church; Howard Colby Ives; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Church of the Divine Paternity; Brotherhood Church
1912 25 May Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Edward B. Kinney, 780 West End Avenue, New York. [PUP154] New York; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Edward Kinney
1912 11 Jun Talk at Open Committee Meeting, Home of Mr. and Mrs. Edward B. Kinney, 780 West End Avenue, New York. [PUP183]

Talk at 309 West Seventy-eighth Street, New York. [PUP183]

Talk at 309 West Seventy-eighth Street, New York. [PUP186]

New York; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Edward Kinney
1912 16 Jun Talk at Fourth Unitarian Church, Beverly Road, Flatbush, Brooklyn, New York. [PUP190]

Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Howard MacNutt, 935 Eastern Parkway, Brooklyn, New York. [PUP194]

Talk at Central Congregational Church, Hancock Street, Brooklyn, New York. [PUP197]

New York; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Fourth Unitarian Church; Howard MacNutt; Central Congregational Church
1912 29 Nov Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Edward B. Kinney, 780 West End Avenue, New York. [PUP449] New York; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Edward Kinney
1912 2 Dec Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Edward B. Kinney, 780 West End Avenue, New York. [PUP452]

Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Edward B. Kinney, 780 West End Avenue, New York. [PUP453]

New York; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Edward Kinney
1912 17 De A Bahá'í arrived from Ireland to see 'Abdu'l-Bahá, possibly Joan Waring, after travelling all day and all night.
  • He made comments on the character of the American people.
  • In the afternoon He spoke to a large gathering at Caxton Hall in Westminster. [SoW Vol III no 19 2Mar1913 p3-4, ABTM276-277]
London; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour; Joan Waring; Caxton Hall
1913. 12 Feb Date on the last of the 12 letters sent to Edward Granville Browne by 'Abdu'l-Bahá. The first of these letters was written on the 4th of August, 1890. Edward Granville Browne find reference
1913 7 Apr `Abdu'l-Bahá travels to Bad Mergentheim by automobile to visit the hotel and mineral bath owned by Consul Schwarz, (Later named Disciple of `Abdu'l-Bahá by Shoghi Effendi). [AB383]
  • Later, in 1916 the local Bahá'í community commemorated the visit with the dedication of a monument, a life-sized likeness of the head of 'Abdu'l-Bahá on a granite stone about two metres in height. The Nazis removed it in 1937 but it was replaced in 2007. [BWNS524]
Bad Mergentheim Consul Schwarz; Disciple of `Abdu'l-Baha; monument; `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
1914 Hippolyte Dreyfus and Laura Barney travel around the world teaching the Faith. [BFA2:353]

Hippolyte Dreyfus; Laura Barney; travel teaching; The Great War
1914 28 Jul The Great War (1914–18) breaks out in Europe. (28 July, 1914 to 11 November, 1918)

Austria declares war on Serbia.

Europe The Great War
1914 4 Aug England declares war on Germany. The Great War
1914 1 Nov Turkey enters the war on the side of the Central Powers.
  • Palestine is blockaded and Haifa is bombarded. [GPB304]
  • `Abdu'l-Bahá sends the Bahá'ís to the Druze village of Abú-Sinán for asylum. [AB411; DH124; GPB304]
  • For `Abdu'l-Bahá in war time see CH188–228.
  • `Abdu'l-Bahá had grown and stored corn in the years leading up to the war and was now able to feed not only local people but the British army. [AB415, 418; CH210; GPB304, 306]
  • See CH209–10 for other villages inhabited by Bahá'ís.
Palestine; Abu-Sinan The Great War; Central Powers
1917 6 Apr The United States enters World War I.
  • See CF36 for Shoghi Effendi's opinion of its participation in the war.
World War I; Shoghi Effendi
1917 Nov `Abdu'l-Bahá sends a message to the Bahá'ís of the world assuring them of His safety. [AB412]
  • The Tablet is carried by an aged Arab Bahá'í, Hájí Ramadán. It takes him 45 days to walk from `Akká to Tihrán. On his return trip he brings gold and messages. [AB412; CH206-7]
  • For text of the Tablet see CH207-8.
Haifa; Tihran `Abdu'l-Baha; World War I; Haji Ramadan
1922 Apr Shoghi Effendi sends verbal messages through Consul Schwarz to Germany and Ethel Rosenberg to Britain to form local spiritual assemblies and to arrange for the election of a national spiritual assembly in each country. [CB293; ER209, 211-12; PP56]

To the United States and Canada he sends a message to transform the `Executive Board' into a legislative institution. [CB293; CT160; ER211-12; PP56]

Shoghi Effendi; Consul Schwarz; Ethel Rosenberg; national spiritual assembly; Executive Board
1926 26 Dec Howard MacNutt, Disciple of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá, passes away in Florida in a road accident. [SEBW42]
  • For details of his life see SEBW35–42
.
Florida Howard MacNutt; Disciple of ‘Abdu’l-Baha; In Memoriam
1931 13 Jan Consul Albert Schwarz, Disciple of Abdu’l-Bahá, ‘Germany’s outstanding Bahá’í pioneer worker’ passes away. [BW4:118–19, 264]
  • For his obituary see BW4:264–6.
Consul Albert Schwarz; Disciple of Abdu’l-Baha; In Memoriam
1939 3 Sep World War II begins with Britain and France declaring war on Germany after Germany invades Poland. World War II
1941 20 Jun The passing of Howard Colby Ives in Little Rock, AR. He was born in Brooklyn, NY in 1867. [BW9p608-613] Little Rock; AR; Brooklyn; NY Howard Colby Ives; In Memoriam
1953 Sep Julius Edwards arrives in the Northern Territories Protectorate and is named a Knight of Bahá’u’lláh. [BW13:455] Northern Territories Protectorate Julius Edwards; Knight of Baha’u’llah
1953 Sep Howard Snider arrives in Key West and is named a Knight of Bahá’u’lláh. [BW13:453] Key West Howard Snider; Knight of Baha’u’llah
1953 Oct Earle Render arrives in the Leeward Islands and is named a Knight of Bahá’u’lláh. [BW13:453] Leeward Islands Earle Render; Knight of Baha’u’llah
1953 Oct Shirley Warde arrives in British Honduras (Belize) and is named a Knight of Bahá’u’lláh. [BW13:449] British Honduras (Belize) Shirley Warde; Knight of Baha’u’llah
1953 13 Oct Esther Evans and Lillian Middlemast arrive in Castries, St Lucia, and are named Knights of Bahá’u’lláh for the Windward Islands. BW13:457] Castries; St Lucia; Windward Islands Esther Evans; Lillian Middlemast; Knight of Baha’u’llah
1953 16 Oct Benjamin Dunham Weeden and his wife Gladys (née Anderson) arrive in Antigua and are named Knights of Bahá’u’lláh for the Leeward Islands. [BW13:453]
  • For the story of Ben Weeden’s life see BW15:478–9.
  • For the story of Gladys Weeden’s life see BW18:692–6.
Antigua; Leeward Islands Benjamin Dunham Weeden; Gladys (née Anderson) Weeden; Knight of Bahá’u’lláh
1954 3 Jan Howard and Joanne Menking arrive in the Cape Verde Islands and are named Knights of Bahá’u’lláh. [BW13:450] Cape Verde Islands Howard Menking; Joanne Menking; Knight of Bahá’u’lláh
1954 Feb David Schreiber, an American, arrives in Antigua and is named a Knight of Bahá’u’lláh for the Leeward Islands. [BW13:453] Antigua; Leeward Islands David Schreiber; Knight of Baha’u’llah
1954 21 Feb Charles (‘Chuck’) and Mary Dayton from the United States, settle in Charlotte Amalie, on St Thomas, and are named Knights of Bahá’u’lláh for the Leeward Islands. [BW13:453] Charlotte Amalie; St Thomas; Leeward Islands Charles (‘Chuck’) Dayton; Mary Dayton; Knight of Bahá’u’lláh
1954 Apr The arrival of Knight Edward Tabe in British Togoland (now part of Ghana) [BWNS249] British Togoland; Ghana; Africa Knight; Edward Tabe
1954 Apr Edward Tabe and Albert Buapiah arrive in British Togoland and are named Knights of Bahá’u’lláh. [BW13:450] British Togoland Edward Tabe; Albert Buapiah; Knight of Baha’u’llah
1954 Apr Howard Gilliland arrives in Labrador and is named a Knight of Bahá’u’lláh. [BW13:453] Labrador Howard Gilliland; Knight of Baha’u’llah
1954 11 Apr Bula Mott Stewart arrives in Swaziland and is named a Knight of Bahá’u’lláh. [BW13:456] Swaziland Bula Mott Stewart; Knight of Bahá’u’lláh
1954 7 Aug Marcia Steward de Matamoros Atwater arrives in the Marshall Islands and is named a Knight of Bahá’u’lláh. [BW13:454] Marshall Islands Marcia Steward de Matamoros Atwater; Knight of Bahá’u’lláh
1961. 22 Oct Mr. Sivalingam and Miss Puvaneswary were married in the first Bahá’í wedding in Malaysia. Malaysia Mr. Sivalingam; Miss Puvaneswary find reference
1966 Florence Parry, the first to become a Bahá’í in the West Leeward Islands, enrols. West Leeward Islands Florence Parry
1967 Mr O. T. Shelton arrives on St Eustatius in the West Leeward Islands, the first pioneer to the island. West Leeward Islands O. T. Shelton; pioneer
1968 Dec George Howard arrives on Union Island, the first person to take the Bahá’í Faith to the Grenadine Islands. Grenadine Islands George Howard
1972 Derek and Sally Dacey, the first resident pioneers on Montserrat in the East Leeward Islands, arrive at their pioneer post. East Leeward Islands Derek Dacey; Sally Dacey
1972 29 - 31 Dec The first West African Bahá’í Youth conference is held in The Gambia. The Continental Board of Counsellors sponsored the first West African Bahá’í Youth Conference in conjunction with the National Spiritual Assembly of Upper West Africa. The Conference was held in The Gambia on the campus of Yundum College some fifteen miles from the capital city of Bathurst. Youth representing nine countries in this zone attended: Nigerin, Upper Volta, Ghana, Liberia, Mali, Sierra Leone, The Gambia, Senegal and Mauritania, plus pioneers originating from the United States, Mauritius, Malaysia, Iran, and friiq. A young Bahá’í from Sweden was able to greet the friends during a brief stop on a boat cruise. Counsellors Mr. H. R. Ardikani and Dr. William Maxwell Jr., were present as well as six of their Auxiliary Board members, Mr. Amos Agwu, Mr. Muhammad Al-Salihi, Mrs. H. Vera Edwards, Mr. Friday Ekpe, Mr. Shidan Kouchekzadeh and Dr. B. Sadiqzadeh. A total of fifty-six persons attended.[Bahá'í Works 504] Bathurst; The Gambia Counsellor Mr. H. R. Ardikani; Counsellor Dr. William Maxwell Jr; Mr. Amos Agwu; Mr. Muhammad Al-Salihi; Mrs. H. Vera Edwards; Mr. Friday Ekpe; Mr. Shidan Kouchekzadeh; Dr. B. Sadiqzadeh.
1974 The National Spiritual Assembly of the Leeward and Virgin Islands holds its first annual National Teaching Conference. [BW16:187] Leeward and Virgin Islands Teaching Conference
1987 6 – 8 Feb Maori women hold the first National Women’s Hui in the tribal area of Ngati Tuwaretoa, New Zealand. [BINS163:8] Ngati Tuwaretoa; New Zealand
1991 Ridván The formation of the National Spiritual Assembly of the Bahá'ís of the West Leeward Islands (Basseterre, St. Kitts). [AWH86] [VV113] West Leeward Islands NSA
1991 Ridván The National Spiritual Assembly of the West Leeward Islands is formed. [AWH86; BINS246:1; VV113] West Leeward Islands
1992 Ridván The National Spiritual Assembly of Poland is formed with its seat in Warsaw. [CBN Jan92 p2, BINS270:2; BW92–3:119; VV121] Warsaw; Poland NSA
1992 5 Jun The Bahá'í Vocational Institute for Rural Women, a non-profit education project based in Indore, India, is one of 74 individuals and institutions presented with the United Nations Environment Programme ‘Global 500' award in Rio de Janeiro. [BINS272:5; BW92–3:125; VV110]
  • For picture see BW92–3:183.
Rio de Janeiro; Brazil Baha'i Vocational Institute for Rural Women; United Nations Environment Programme ‘Global 500' award
1993 21 Mar The presentation of the first Race Unity Award by the National Spiritual Assembly of the Bahá'ís of Canada. Canada NSA; Race Unity Award
2002 6 June City Montessori School in Lucknow, India wing the UNESCO Peace Education award in recognition of its efforts to promote the universal values of education for peace and tolerance and to renew the principles of secularism at a time when these values and principles are increasingly being challenged. The school was founded by Mr. Jagdish Gandhi and his wife Bharti in 1959 with only 5 students and has since earned a reputation for a high level of academic excellence — and for a distinctive program of moral and spiritual education. In 1999 the Guinness Book of World Records recognized City Montessori School as the world's largest school by enrollment. The school had some 22,000 students that year. In 2002 it had 26,000 students in grade levels ranging from pre-primary to college and in 2010-11 enrolment was 39,437. In 2014-14 it was over 47,000. Technically speaking, CMS is not so much a school as a school district, with some 20 branches spread throughout Lucknow. [CMS site, BWNS165, BWNS146, One CountryVol.14,Issue 1] Lucknow; India; UNESCO Peace Education award; UNESCO; Jagdish Gandhi; Bharti Gandhi; School; City Montessori School
2002 4 Dec University of Bari in Italy establishes a course on ethics and economics titled Ethics and Economy: Towards a New World Order. The University has appointed Giuseppe Robiati, a member of the Bahá'í community of Italy as the coordinator of the course. [BWNS182] Bari; Italy; University of Bari; Giuseppe Robiati; Ethics and Economy: Towards a New World Order"
2008 14 Feb The publication of a new statement from the Bahá'í International Community entitled Eradicating Poverty: Moving Forward as One. In English [Moving Forward as One, In Farsi] Eradicating Poverty: Moving Forward as One
2009 Apr Beth McKenty, longtime pioneer to Iqaluit, Numavut, Canada receives the Caring Canadian Award from the Governor General of Canada for her work in the community. [BWNS711] Iqaluit; Numavut; Iqaluit; NU. Beth McKenty; Caring Canadian Award; Governor-General of Canada
2013 3 Dec Mr. Hamed Kamal Muhammad bin Haydara (sometimes referred to in the media as "Hamed Merza Kamali Serostani ") is arrested in al-Mukalla, capital of Hadramout province in eastern Yemen. It is suggested that he was arrested on the orders of Mr. Khaled al-Mawari, the Chief Prosecutor who was involved in the unwarranted arrest and detention of another member of the Yemeni Baha'i community. the family had lived in Socotra since 1945, when his father arrived on the Yemeni island from Iran as a doctor under British colonial rule and was granted Yemeni citizenship. According to Baha'i estimates, there are about 2,000 Baha'is in Yemen [BIC website, Reuters] Sana'a; Yemen persecution; Hamed bin Haydara; Khaled al-Mawari
2017. 3 Mar The publication of Toward Prosperity The Role of Women and Men in Building a Flourishing World Civilization, the Bahá’í International Community’s contribution to the 61st United Nations Commission on the Status of Women which took place at the United Nations Headquarters in New York from 13 to 24 March 2017 as a follow-up to the Fourth World Conference on Women and to the twenty-third special session of the General Assembly entitled “Women 2000: gender equality, development and peace for the twenty-first century”. [BIC Statements] New York; NY Toward Prosperity

from the main catalogue

  1. Bahá'í Tradition, The: The Return of Joseph and the Peaceable Imagination, by Todd Lawson, in Fighting Words: Religion, Violence, and the Interpretation of Sacred Texts, ed. John Renard (2012). Overview of the status of violence in the Baha'i tradition, and the historical/social conditions in which these doctrines were articulated. [about]
  2. Kitab-i-Aqdas Windows Help File software, by Peyman Talaei (1999). A hyperlinked version of the Aqdas in the Windows Help File format (for Windows 3) which can be used for easy study and reading. [about]
  3. Ocean: Bahá'í Writings search engine (1998). Complete search engine for Baha'i texts and books from other religions. [about]
  4. Picture Gallery of Early British Bahá'ís (1998). Published in honor of the UK Baha'i Centenary, 1998/99. [about]
  5. Public Discourse on Race: Abdu'l-Bahá's 1912 Howard University Speech, by Christopher Buck (2012). Presentation at Louhelen Bahá’í School on ‘Abdu’l-Bahá and the black intelligentsia, his views of the Civil War and the Emancipation Proclamation, and his message to African Americans and the "Whites." [about]
  6. Questions and Answers on War and Related Issues (2003). Compilation of passages and commentary on the military, political activism, disarmament, pacifism, and collective security. [about]
  7. War, Governance, and Conscience in This Age of Transition, by National Spiritual Assembly of the Bahá'ís of the United States, in The Bahá'í National Review, 20 (1969). A whitepaper on issues of Baha'i involvement in the military services. [about]
 
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