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Search for tag "war"

from the chronology

date event locations tags see also
1839 Defeat of Persia at the hands of the British. [BBRSM55] Persia, Iran British defeat Persia, war, Britain
1846. c. Nov Manúchihr Khán arranges a meeting between the Báb and the clerics to silence their opposition. After the encounter, about 70 of them meet and issue a death-warrant. [B112–13; DB205–9] Iran, Persia Manúchihr Khán, Báb, death-warrant
1856 to Mar 1857 The Anglo-Persian War. [BBR165, 263] Írán Anglo-Persian War
1870–71 Franco-Prussian War.
  • See KA90 for Bahá'u'lláh's reference to this and KAN121 for `Abdu'l-Bahá's interpretation.
Franco-Prussian War, War
1898 Aug(?) Phoebe Hearst becomes a Bahá'í in California through the efforts of Lua and Edward Getsinger. [BFA1:XXVIII 139] California Phoebe Hearst, Lua Getsinger, Edward Getsinger
1898. 10 Dec The first Western pilgrims arrive in `Akká. [AB68; BBD13; BBRXXX; DH214; GPB257]
  • They divide themselves into three parties, using Cairo as a staging post. [AB68; BFA1:143; SBBH1:93]
  • See AB68–72; BFA2:9; DH61; GPB257, 259 for those included in the pilgrimage group.
  • See BFA1:143–4 for those included in the first group.
  • Among the group is Robert Turner, the first member of the black race to become a Bahá'í. [AB72; BBD227; BFA1:139; GPB259]
  • `Abdu'l-Bahá receives the pilgrims in the House of `Abdu'lláh Páshá. [BBD13, 108; DH61]
  • See AB68–71; BW16:104–5; CH235–6 and GPB257–9 for the pilgrims' responses to the pilgrimage.
  • Edward Getsinger makes a recording of `Abdu'l-Bahá chanting a prayer. [BFA1:160]
  • The Getsingers returned from the pilgrimage with an Arabic copy of The Kitáb-i-Aqdas which was later translated by Anton Haddad. [BFA2:11]
`Akká, Cairo, House of `Abdu'lláh Páshá Robert Turner, Edward Getsinger, The Kitáb-i-Aqdas, Anton Haddad, pilgrimage
1909 Nov Charles Mason Remey and Howard Struven leave the United States on the first Bahá'í teaching trip to circle the globe. [BFA2:348, GPB261]
  • They go to Hawaii, Japan, Shanghai, Singapore and to Burma, India and `Akká. [BFA2:348–50]
Hawaii, Japan, Shanghai, Singapore, Burma, India, `Akká Charles Mason Remey, Howard Struven, travel teaching
1909 25 Nov Dr Susan Moody arrives in Tihrán. She and four Persian Bahá'í doctors start the Sehat Hospital. Because the hospital was only accessible to the wealthy she established a private practice that was open to all women regardless of their ability to pay. [BFA2:360]
  • Dr Sarah A. Clock arrives from Seattle in 1911 to assist her followed by Miss Elizabeth Stewart (nurse). [BFA2:361]
Tihrán Dr Susan Moody, Sehat Hospital, Dr Sarah A. Clock, Miss Elizabeth Stewart
1909 Dec Charles Mason Remey and Howard Struven speak at the first Bahá'í public meeting held in Honolulu. [BFA2:348; SBR189] Honolulu Charles Mason Remey, Howard Struven, public meeting
1910 Charles Mason Remey and Howard Struven arrive in Shanghai and meet with Áqá Mírzá `Abdu'l-Baqí Yazdí. They are probably the first Bahá'ís from the West to go to China. [PH25] Shanghai Charles Mason Remey, Howard Struven, Áqa Mirza `Abdu'l-Baqi Yazdi
1912 17 Apr Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Edward B. Kinney, 780 West End Avenue, New York, [PUP23] New York, `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour, Edward Kinney
1912 11 Apr `Abdu'l-Bahá arrives in New York. [AB172; GPB281, APD3-5]
  • During His tour `Abdu'l-Bahá visits 32 cities and makes numerous addresses of which 185 are recorded. [SBBH1:110]
  • For a chronological list of talks given by `Abdu'l-Bahá while in North America see PUP473–8.
  • For details of His journey see AB171–339.
  • Ward, 239 Days; Balyuzi, `Abdu'l-Bahá; The Diary of Juliet Thompson; many editions of Star of the West and numerous biographies of Bahá'ís of the time as well as other books carry information about `Abdu'l-Bahá travels and talks.
  • Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Edward B. Kinney, 780 West End Avenue, New York. [PUP3]
  • He was accompanied by:

    -Sayyid Asadu'lláh Qumí,

    -Dr Fareed Amin Ullah, He was a nephew of 'Abdu'l-Bahá and served as his translator during His tour of the West. Because of his disobedience he and his father were both expelled from the Faith.

    -Mírza Mahmúd-i Zarqání. He was a member of 'Abdu'l-Bahá's entourage for both the Western and European tours. He wrote an account of the travels in a book entitled Kitáb-i Badáyi'u'l-Áthár and called "Mahmúd's Diary" in the English translation. [APD151]

    -Mirza Ahmad Sohrab. He had originally come to the West to assist Mírzá Abú'l-Fadl Gulpaygání in 1901. He remained and worked at the Iranian Consulate until 1912 and during this time he translated much of the correspondence between 'Abdu'l-Bahâ and the Western believers. After the American tour he returned to the Holy Land. After the passing of 'Abdu'l-Bahá he rejected the authority of Shoghi Effendi and was expelled. [APD155]

New York `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour, Mr and Mrs Edward B. Kinney, Edward Kinney
1912 12 Apr Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Howard MacNutt, 935 Eastern Parkway, Brooklyn, New York, [PUP4]
  • Talk at Studio of Miss Phillips, 39 West Sixty-seventh Street, New York. [PUP7]
New York, Howard McNutt, `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour, Miss Phillips
1912 19 Apr Talk at Earl Hall, Columbia University, New York. [PUP29]

'Abdu'l-Bahá visits The Bowery accompanied by Edward Getsinger and Juliet Thompson as noted in her unpublished Diary. They arrived with two heavy bags of quarters to distribute to the poor. [OPOP165-168, PUP32]

New York, NY Earl Hall, The Bowary, `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
1912 23 Apr Talk at Howard University, Washington, D.C. [PUP44, APD29]

Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Arthur J. Parsons, 1700 Eighteenth Street, NW, Washington, D.C. [PUP46]

Talk to Bethel Literary Society, Metropolitan African Methodist Episcopal Church, M Street, NW, Washington, D.C. [PUP49]

Washington, DC `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour, Howard University, Bethel Literary Society, Metropolitan African Methodist Episcopal Church
1912 19 May In the morning He spoke at the Church of the Divine Paternity, Central Park West, New York. [PUP126]

`Abdu'l-Bahá travels to Jersey City to speak in the Unitarian Church, the Brotherhood Church, Bergen and Fairview Avenues, of which Howard Colby Ives is the pastor. [239D:70–1; AB194, PUP129] ]

Jersey City, New Jersey, New York, Unitarian Church, Howard Colby Ives, `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour, Church of the Divine Paternity, Brotherhood Church
1912 25 May Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Edward B. Kinney, 780 West End Avenue, New York. [PUP154] New York, `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour, Edward Kinney
1912 11 Jun Talk at Open Committee Meeting, Home of Mr. and Mrs. Edward B. Kinney, 780 West End Avenue, New York. [PUP183]

Talk at 309 West Seventy-eighth Street, New York. [PUP183]

Talk at 309 West Seventy-eighth Street, New York. [PUP186]

New York, `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour, Edward Kinney
1912 16 Jun Talk at Fourth Unitarian Church, Beverly Road, Flatbush, Brooklyn, New York. [PUP190]

Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Howard MacNutt, 935 Eastern Parkway, Brooklyn, New York. [PUP194]

Talk at Central Congregational Church, Hancock Street, Brooklyn, New York. [PUP197]

New York, `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour, Fourth Unitarian Church, Howard MacNutt, Central Congregational Church
1912 29 Nov Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Edward B. Kinney, 780 West End Avenue, New York. [PUP449] New York, `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour, Edward Kinney
1912 2 Dec Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Edward B. Kinney, 780 West End Avenue, New York. [PUP452]

Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Edward B. Kinney, 780 West End Avenue, New York. [PUP453]

New York, `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour, Edward Kinney
1913 7 Apr `Abdu'l-Bahá travels to Bad Mergentheim by automobile to visit the hotel and mineral bath owned by Consul Schwarz, (Later named Disciple of `Abdu'l-Bahá by Shoghi Effendi). [AB383]
  • Later, in 1916 the local Bahá'í community commemorated the visit with the dedication of a monument, a life-sized likeness of the head of 'Abdu'l-Bahá on a granite stone about two metres in height. The Nazis removed it in 1937 but it was replaced in 2007. [BWNS524]
Bad Mergentheim Consul Schwarz, Disciple of `Abdu'l-Baha, monument, `Abdu'l-Baha's second Western tour
1914 Hippolyte Dreyfus and Laura Barney travel around the world teaching the Faith. [BFA2:353]

Hippolyte Dreyfus, Laura Barney, travel teaching, The Great War
1914 28 Jul The Great War (1914–18) breaks out in Europe. (28 July, 1914 to 11 November, 1918)

Austria declares war on Serbia.

Europe The Great War
1914 4 Aug England declares war on Germany. The Great War
1914 1 Nov Turkey enters the war on the side of the Central Powers.
  • Palestine is blockaded and Haifa is bombarded. [GPB304]
  • `Abdu'l-Bahá sends the Bahá'ís to the Druze village of Abú-Sinán for asylum. [AB411; DH124; GPB304]
  • For `Abdu'l-Bahá in war time see CH188–228.
  • `Abdu'l-Bahá had grown and stored corn in the years leading up to the war and was now able to feed not only local people but the British army. [AB415, 418; CH210; GPB304, 306]
  • See CH209–10 for other villages inhabited by Bahá'ís.
Palestine, Abú-Sinán The Great War, Central Powers
1917 6 Apr The United States enters World War I.
  • See CF36 for Shoghi Effendi's opinion of its participation in the war.
World War I; Shoghi Effendi
1917 Nov `Abdu'l-Bahá sends a message to the Bahá'ís of the world assuring them of His safety. [AB412]
  • The Tablet is carried by an aged Arab Bahá'í, Hájí Ramadán. It takes him 45 days to walk from `Akká to Tihrán. On his return trip he brings gold and messages. [AB412; CH206-7]
  • For text of the Tablet see CH207-8.
Haifa; Tihrán `Abdu'l-Bahá; World War I; Hájí Ramadán
1922 Apr Shoghi Effendi sends verbal messages through Consul Schwarz to Germany and Ethel Rosenberg to Britain to form local spiritual assemblies and to arrange for the election of a national spiritual assembly in each country. [CB293; ER209, 211-12; PP56]

To the United States and Canada he sends a message to transform the `Executive Board' into a legislative institution. [CB293; CT160; ER211-12; PP56]

Shoghi Effendi; Consul Schwarz; Ethel Rosenberg; national spiritual assembly; Executive Board
1926 26 Dec Howard MacNutt, Disciple of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá, passes away in Florida in a road accident. [SEBW42]
  • For details of his life see SEBW35–42
.
Florida Howard MacNutt, Disciple of ‘Abdu’l-Baha, In Memoriam
1931 13 Jan Consul Albert Schwarz, Disciple of Abdu’l-Bahá, ‘Germany’s outstanding Bahá’í pioneer worker’ passes away. [BW4:118–19, 264]
  • For his obituary see BW4:264–6.
Consul Albert Schwarz, Disciple of Abdu’l-Baha, In Memoriam
1939 3 Sep World War II begins with Britain and France declaring war on Germany after Germany invades Poland. World War II
1941 20 Jun The passing of Howard Colby Ives in Little Rock, AR. He was born in Brooklyn, NY in 1867. [BW9p608-613] Little Rock, AR, Brooklyn, NY Howard Colby Ives, In Memorium
1953 Sep Julius Edwards arrives in the Northern Territories Protectorate and is named a Knight of Bahá’u’lláh. [BW13:455] Northern Territories Protectorate Julius Edwards, Knight of Baha’u’llah
1953 Sep Howard Snider arrives in Key West and is named a Knight of Bahá’u’lláh. [BW13:453] Key West Howard Snider, Knight of Baha’u’llah
1953 Oct Shirley Warde arrives in British Honduras (Belize) and is named a Knight of Bahá’u’lláh. [BW13:449] British Honduras (Belize) Shirley Warde, Knight of Baha’u’llah
1954 3 Jan Howard and Joanne Menking arrive in the Cape Verde Islands and are named Knights of Bahá’u’lláh. [BW13:450] Cape Verde Islands Howard Menking, Joanne Menking, Knight of Bahá’u’lláh
1954 11 Apr Bula Mott Stewart arrives in Swaziland and is named a Knight of Bahá’u’lláh. [BW13:456] Swaziland Bula Mott Stewart, Knight of Bahá’u’lláh
1954 Apr The arrival of Knight Edward Tabe in British Togoland (now part of Ghana) [BWNS249] British Togoland, Ghana, Africa Knight, Edward Tabe
1954 Apr Edward Tabe and Albert Buapiah arrive in British Togoland and are named Knights of Bahá’u’lláh. [BW13:450] British Togoland Edward Tabe, Albert Buapiah, Knight of Bahá’u’lláh
1954 Apr Howard Gilliland arrives in Labrador and is named a Knight of Bahá’u’lláh. [BW13:453] Labrador Howard Gilliland, Knight of Bahá’u’lláh
1954 7 Aug Marcia Steward de Matamoros Atwater arrives in the Marshall Islands and is named a Knight of Bahá’u’lláh. [BW13:454] Marshall Islands Marcia Steward de Matamoros Atwater, Knight of Bahá’u’lláh
1968 Dec George Howard arrives on Union Island, the first person to take the Bahá’í Faith to the Grenadine Islands. Grenadine Islands George Howard
1992 5 Jun The Bahá'í Vocational Institute for Rural Women, a non-profit education project based in Indore, India, is one of 74 individuals and institutions presented with the United Nations Environment Programme ‘Global 500' award in Rio de Janeiro. [BINS272:5; BW92–3:125; VV110]
  • For picture see BW92–3:183.
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Baha'i Vocational Institute for Rural Women, United Nations Environment Programme ‘Global 500' award
1993 21 Mar The presentation of the first Race Unity Award by the National Spiritual Assembly of the Bahá'ís of Canada Canada NSA, Race Unity Award
2002 6 June City Montessori School in Lucknow, India wing the UNESCO Peace Education award in recognition of its efforts to promote the universal values of education for peace and tolerance and to renew the principles of secularism at a time when these values and principles are increasingly being challenged. The school was founded by Mr. Jagdish Gandhi and his wife Bharti in 1959 with only 5 students and has since earned a reputation for a high level of academic excellence — and for a distinctive program of moral and spiritual education. In 1999 the Guinness Book of World Records recognized City Montessori School as the world's largest school by enrollment. The school had some 22,000 students that year. In 2002 it had 26,000 students in grade levels ranging from pre-primary to college and in 2010-11 enrolment was 39,437. In 2014-14 it was over 47,000. Technically speaking, CMS is not so much a school as a school district, with some 20 branches spread throughout Lucknow. [CMS site, BWNS165, BWNS146, One CountryVol.14,Issue 1] Lucknow, India, UNESCO Peace Education award, UNESCO, Jagdish Gandhi, Bharti Gandhi, School, City Montessori School
2002 4 Dec University of Bari in Italy establishes a course on ethics and economics titled Ethics and Economy: Towards a New World Order. The University has appointed Giuseppe Robiati, a member of the Bahá'í community of Italy as the coordinator of the course. [BWNS182] Bari, Italy, University of Bari, Giuseppe Robiati, Ethics and Economy: Towards a New World Order"
2008 14 Feb The publication of a new statement from the Bahá'í International Community entitled Eradicating Poverty: Moving Forward as One. In English [Moving Forward as One, In Farsi] Eradicating Poverty: Moving Forward as One
2009 Apr Beth McKenty, longtime pioneer to Iqaluit, Numavut, Canada receives the Caring Canadian Award from the Governor General of Canada for her work in the community. [BWNS711] Iqaluit, Numavut, Iqaluit, NU. Beth McKenty, Caring Canadian Award, Governor-General of Canada
2013 3 Dec Mr. Hamed bin Haydara is detained and imprisoned in Yemen. It is suggested that he was arrested on the orders of Mr. Khaled al-Mawari, the Chief Prosecutor who was involved in the unwarranted arrest and detention of another member of the Yemeni Baha'i community. [BIC website, Reuters] Sana'a, Yemen persecution, Hamed bin Haydara, Khaled al-Mawari

from the main catalogue

  1. Bahá'í Tradition, The: The Return of Joseph and the Peaceable Imagination, by Todd Lawson, in Fighting Words: Religion, Violence, and the Interpretation of Sacred Texts, ed. John Renard (2012). Overview of the status of violence in the Baha'i tradition, and the historical/social conditions in which these doctrines were articulated. [about]
 
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