Name of Tablet in Arabic or Persian:
Translation into English:
Tablet of Salmán / Tablet to Salmán.
Parts of this Tablet has been translated in Gleanings XXI, CXLVIII, and CLIV,
and one paragraph was translated in Promised Day is Come 115-16.
Significance of Name:
The Tablet was revealed for Shaykh
Salmán, one of Bahá'u'lláh's staunch and faithful disciples famous for
dedicating his life to delivering Bahá'u'lláh's Tablets to the friends. Of the
many Tablets to Shaykh Salmán, two are simply referred to eponymously
as Lawh-i-Salmán. This is thus Lawh-i-Salmán II.
Tablet was revealed in:
Name of Recipient:
Shaykh Khánjar Hindiyani, named Shaykh
Salmán by Bahá'u'lláh in honor of the loyal disciple of Muhammad whom
that Prophet re-named as "Salmán." "Salmán" comes from the same root
as "Islam" and "Muslim," and carries the connotations of peace and
submission to the will of God.
Reason for Revelation of the Tablet:
It would appear that this
Tablet was revealed largely to guide and encourage Salmán and help
support him through the many tests he would face in his capacity as
Bahá'u'lláh's messenger. Bahá'u'lláh counsels Salmán to be resigned to the
commands of God and accept the trials and tests put before him, and to
keep in mind Bahá'u'lláh's own fortitude in the face of afflictions. It was a
reminder that holding fast to the Cause of God is far more important than
holding on to any of the things of the world.
Questions asked that are answered in Tablet:
Date of Revelation:
Sometime shortly after the summer 1868, so
known because in the Tablet Bahá'u'lláh mentions the exile of the
believers from Baghdad to Mosul, which occurred in that summer.
Place of Revelation:
Role of Amanuensis or Secretary:
Other Tablets revealed at about the same time:
There were many
Tablets revealed around this time, most notably the epistles to the Kings,
such as the Súriy-i-Ra'ís, Lawh-i-Ra'ís, Lawh-i-Fu'ád, Second Tablet to
Napoleon III, Tablet to Pope Pius IX, Tablet to Czar Alexander II, and the
Tablet to Queen Victoria.
Style, subject, and genre of the Tablet: [?]
1. Style: Tablet with the tone of command and authority.
2. Subject: Tablet exhorting men to education, goodly character and divine virtue.
3. Genre: Letter to an individual (Salmán).
Voice of Tablet
Outline Contents of Tablet:
Since the Tablet hasn't been
translated in its entirety, only a partial summary can be provided. Among
other things, this Tablet counsels Salmán to accept God's decree and
submit to His tests; to recall how Bahá'u'lláh stayed committed to God
and His mission even in spite of the tribulations to which God subjected
him and to emulate this dedication; to strive to recognize God and His
Messengers and to observe their commandments; to remain radiant and
steadfast in the face of suffering; to recall that earthly glory and pride
are ephemeral and hence shouldn't be sought; to promote the Cause of
God and recall that great rewards come to those who work for His Cause.
Principal themes of the Tablet:
The main themes of this
Tablet, at least as can be ascertained from the few parts translated, are
to recognize and accept the Revelation of God's messenger for our age,
to be steadfast in His Cause, and to remain steadfast in the face of
difficulties this commitment can bring.
Tablet's relationship to any other tablets.
This Tablet to Salmán is one of several Tablets to him, including the
Madinatu't-Tawhíd, and the second named simply "Lawh-i-Salmán."
Taherzadeh wrote that "Bahá'u'lláh has revealed many Tablets for Shaykh
Salmán, which often deal with weighty and profound subjects." (Rev. of
Bahá'u'lláh vol. 1, 113) It should also be remembered that this Tablet was
revealed at a time when Bahá'u'lláh was sending epistles to the rulers of
the world, informing them of His station and Message and calling them to
accept the new Revelation. This Tablet would seem to fit in with
Bahá'u'lláh's overall themes of this time period, namely the public
declaration of God's new Cause and the call to accept and support it.
In several paragraphs, record your personal responses to the
Biographies of Shaykh Salmán can be found in many places, including
Memorials of the Faithful 13-16, Revelation of Bahá'u'lláh vol.1 109-13 and
255-56 and vol.3 25-28, and Stories from the Delight of Hearts 133. One
student summarized this biographies with the following detailed
"Shaykh Salmán was Bahá'u'lláh's tireless messenger,
undergoing tremendous hardships and difficulties to carry Bahá'u'lláh's
Tablets to the believers in Iran, and to bring their news and letters back
to Him. The Prophet Muhammad had a Persian companion and messenger
named Ruz-bih, who was known as Salmán, and so the name Salmán was
given to Shaykh Salmán by Bahá'u'lláh in recognition of his services (ROB,
Vol. 1). He traveled primarily on foot, under the most trying of conditions,
and exercised such care that none of Bahá'u'lláh's Tablets were ever lost
to the enemies of the Faith. On one occasion, Salmán actually ate the
Tablets he was carrying, rather then let them fall into the hands of the
authorities in Iran (ROB, Vol. 2, Chapter 13). Shaykh Salmán was very frank
and direct, very simple and pure-hearted, causing certain believers in high
positions to avoid his company out of embarrassment. Although he was
illiterate, Shaykh Salmán had purified his heart to such an extent that he
was able to correctly identify the intended recipient of Tablets simply by
hearing the Words of Bahá'u'lláh. Shaykh Salmán was entrusted with the
responsibility of escorting Munirih Khánum to `Akká from Iran in order to
be married to `Abdu'l-Bahá. Hájí Mírzá Haydar-Alí states in "Stories from
the Delight of Hearts" (quoted in ROB Vol.2, Chapter 13) that he was filled
with joy by associating with Shaykh Salmán, and that all the believers with
pure hearts were devoted to him. He further states that Salmán was the
essence of selflessness, having no ego whatsoever, and that he was the
essence of wisdom and knowledge, although outwardly illiterate, able to
solve difficult problems and explain abstruse questions in simple