A religious leader, head of the Bahaist movement, born in Persia.
For forty years Abdul Baha was imprisoned, and it was not until after the
Young Turks came into possession of the government, that he was free to travel.
He visited the United States in 1912, talking to Bahaists in many cities.
Babism, now Bahaism, a religion founded in Persia.
A.D. 1844. The founder, Mirza Ali Mohammed, was born at Shiraz in 1820, and
as leader of the Shaykhi School was proclaimed the long-expected Bab, or
Gate-way of Revelation. In 1844 he went to
Mecca and declared himself the Fore-runner of Imam-Mahdi, who had
disappeared a thousand years previously. He was imprisoned, and while in prison
worked out an entirely new system of philosophy. His disciples soon proclaimed
him the complete Divine Manifestation, and began to explain away the outward
forms of Moslem religion as symbols, putting many of their reforms into practice.
Moslem officials oppressed the Babis, and the Bab was finally put to death. In
1863 Bahá'u'lláh succeeded to the leadership, and while in exile of over
twenty years at Acre composed most of
the sacred writings of the faith. Bahaism maintains that no revelation is final,
and aims to unite people of all faiths
without asking them to desert the religions with which they are affiliated. As
practical reforms Bahaism urges the substitution of arbitration for war, woman
suffrage, monogamic marriage, and a universal language. Upon the death of
Bahá'u'lláh in 1892, his eldest son, Abdul Baha, became the acknowledged spiritual
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