48: Victory, Conquest
Verily We have granted thee a manifest Victory:
That God may forgive thee thy faults of the past and those to follow;
fulfil His favour to thee; and guide thee on the Straight Way;
And that God may help thee with powerful help.
It is He Who sent down tranquillity into the hearts of the Believers,
that they may add faith to their faith;- for to God belong the Forces
of the heavens and the earth; and God is Full of Knowledge and
That He may admit the men and women who believe, to Gardens beneath
which rivers flow, to dwell therein for aye, and remove their ills
from them;- and that is, in the sight of God, the highest achievement
And that He may punish the Hypocrites, men and women, and the
Polytheists men and women, who imagine an evil opinion of God. On them
is a round of Evil: the Wrath of God is on them: He has cursed them
and got Hell ready for them: and evil is it for a destination.
For to God belong the Forces of the heavens and the earth; and God is
Exalted in Power, Full of Wisdom.
We have truly sent thee as a witness, as a bringer of Glad Tidings,
and as a Warner:
In order that ye (O men) may believe in God and His Apostle, that ye
may assist and honour Him, and celebrate His praise morning and
Verily those who plight their fealty to thee do no less than plight
their fealty to God: the Hand of God is over their hands: then any one
who violates his oath, does so to the harm of his own soul, and any
one who fulfils what he has covenanted with God,- God will soon grant
him a great Reward.
The desert Arabs who lagged behind will say to thee: "We were engaged
in (looking after) our flocks and herds, and our families: do thou
then ask forgiveness for us." They say with their tongues what is not
in their hearts. Say: "Who then has any power at all (to intervene) on
your behalf with God, if His Will is to give you some loss or to give
you some profit? But God is well acquainted with all that ye do.
"Nay, ye thought that the Apostle and the Believers would never return
to their families; this seemed pleasing in your hearts, and ye
conceived an evil thought, for ye are a people lost (in wickedness)."
And if any believe not in God and His Apostle, We have prepared, for
those who reject God, a Blazing Fire!
To God belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth: He forgives
whom He wills, and He punishes whom He wills: but God is
Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
Those who lagged behind (will say), when ye (are free to) march and
take booty (in war): "Permit us to follow you." They wish to change
God's decree: Say: "Not thus will ye follow us: God has already
declared (this) beforehand": then they will say, "But ye are jealous
of us." Nay, but little do they understand (such things).
Say to the desert Arabs who lagged behind: "Ye shall be summoned (to
fight) against a people given to vehement war: then shall ye fight, or
they shall submit. Then if ye show obedience, God will grant you a
goodly reward, but if ye turn back as ye did before, He will punish
you with a grievous Penalty."
No blame is there on the blind, nor is there blame on the lame, nor on
one ill (if he joins not the war): But he that obeys God and his
Apostle,- (God) will admit him to Gardens beneath which rivers flow;
and he who turns back, (God) will punish him with a grievous Penalty.
God's Good Pleasure was on the Believers when they swore Fealty to
thee under the Tree: He knew what was in their hearts, and He sent
down Tranquillity to them; and He rewarded them with a speedy Victory;
And many gains will they acquire (besides): and God is Exalted in
Power, Full of Wisdom.
God has promised you many gains that ye shall acquire, and He has
given you these beforehand; and He has restrained the hands of men
from you; that it may be a Sign for the Believers, and that He may
guide you to a Straight Path;
And other gains (there are), which are not within your power, but
which God has compassed: and God has power over all things.
If the Unbelievers should fight you, they would certainly turn their
backs; then would they find neither protector nor helper.
(Such has been) the practice (approved) of God already in the past: no
change wilt thou find in the practice (approved) of God.
And it is He Who has restrained their hands from you and your hands
from them in the midst of Makka, after that He gave you the victory
over them. And God sees well all that ye do.
They are the ones who denied Revelation and hindered you from the
Sacred Mosque and the sacrificial animals, detained from reaching
their place of sacrifice. Had there not been believing men and
believing women whom ye did not know that ye were trampling down and
on whose account a crime would have accrued to you without (your)
knowledge, (God would have allowed you to force your way, but He held
back your hands) that He may admit to His Mercy whom He will. If they
had been apart, We should certainly have punished the Unbelievers
among them with a grievous Punishment.
While the Unbelievers got up in their hearts heat and cant - the heat
and cant of ignorance,- God sent down His Tranquillity to his Apostle
and to the Believers, and made them stick close to the command of
self-restraint; and well were they entitled to it and worthy of
it. And God has full knowledge of all things.
Truly did God fulfil the vision for His Apostle: ye shall enter the
Sacred Mosque, if God wills, with minds secure, heads shaved, hair cut
short, and without fear. For He knew what ye knew not, and He granted,
besides this, a speedy victory.
It is He Who has sent His Apostle with Guidance and the Religion of
Truth, to proclaim it over all religion: and enough is God for a
Muhammad is the apostle of God; and those who are with him are strong
against Unbelievers, (but) compassionate amongst each other. Thou wilt
see them bow and prostrate themselves (in prayer), seeking Grace from
God and (His) Good Pleasure. On their faces are their marks, (being)
the traces of their prostration. This is their similitude in the
Taurat; and their similitude in the Gospel is: like a seed which sends
forth its blade, then makes it strong; it then becomes thick, and it
stands on its own stem, (filling) the sowers with wonder and
delight. As a result, it fills the Unbelievers with rage at them. God
has promised those among them who believe and do righteous deeds
forgiveness, and a great Reward.