Re: Abdu'l Baha's daughters

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Posted by Jonah on August 22, 2000 at 17:27:39:

In Reply to: Abdu'l Baha's daughters posted by carrie on August 22, 2000 at 14:41:58:

Hi. I checked _A Basic Baha'i Chronology_, page 100, and found the information, which was taken from an unpublished manuscript by Moojan Momen called "Abdu'l-Baha." This manuscript was then turned into an article for the Baha'i Encyclopedia, and is now online at Here's what it says:

`Abdu'l-Bahá was married on 8 March 1873 to Munírih Khánum (q.v.). The marriage resulted in nine children, five of whom died in childhood: Husayn Effendi (d. 1305/1887, aged two), Mihdí (died aged two-and-a-half), Tbá, Fu'ádiyyih, and Ruhangíz. Four daughters grew to adulthood. The oldest of these was Diyá'iyyih (d. 1951), who married Mírzá Hádí Shírází (d. 1955) in 1313/1895; their children were Shoghi Effendi (q.v.), Rhangíz, Mihrangíz, Husayn, and Riyád, who all took the surname Rabbání. The second daughter, Tbá Khánum (1880-1959), married Mírzá Muhsin Afnán (1863-1927); their children were Rhí (1899-1971), Thurayyá, Suhayl, and Fu'ád (d. 1943), who all took the surname Afnán. The third daughter of `Abdu'l-Bahá, Rhá, married Mírzá Jalál, the son of Mírzá Muhammad Hasan, the King of Martyrs (see "Nahrí family"); their children were Maryam, Muníb, Zahrá and Hasan, who all took the surname Shahíd. The fourth daughter, Munavvar (d. 1971), married Mírzá Ahmad, the son of Mírzá `Abdu'r-Rahím Yazdí; they were childless.

In the 1930s and 1940s a series of marriages linked the sons of Sayyid `Alí Afnán and Furghiyyih Khánum, who had been supporters of Mírzá Muhammad `Alí, with the grandchildren of `Abdu'l-Bahá. As a result of these marriages, other inappropriate marriages, or refusal to break ties with Covenant-breakers in the family, Shoghi Effendi, in the 1940s and early 1950s, declared all the surviving grandchildren of `Abdu'l-Bahá (except himself) Covenant-breakers (see "Covenant-breaking.4.c and chart").

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