The Will and Testament

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Keyvan

The Will and Testament

Postby Keyvan » Wed Jun 22, 2005 2:25 am

The Master's Will and Testament is in three parts. No dates are fixed on the document itself. From the context, however, we could assume that the first part must have been written during the period when the first Commission of Investigation arrived in the Holy Land, i.e. around 1901. The second section must have been clearly written in 1907 when the second Commission of Investigation was sent, because it is in this section where 'Abdu'l-Bahá says that He is "in very great danger". We have no clues so far on the possible period when the third section was written.
-Ali Nakhjavani

does anyone know if the first and second parts were changed?
if the first and second part of the Will were written in 1901 and 1907, does this mean that Shoghi Effendi would have been appointed Guardian at 4 or 10 years old?

misagh
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that's right

Postby misagh » Wed Jun 22, 2005 12:00 pm

That's right Keyvan, Shoghi Effendi was first appointed at that age. In fact, even from his youngest years, 'Abdu'l-Baha insisted that everyone, including his own father, call him "Shoghi Effendi", the Effendi being a title of great respect. He was even advised by 'Abdu'l-Baha, from a young age, not to drink tea or coffee at the homes of the Baha'is, because at the time there were a lot of Covanent Breakers around, and He knew that they might be jealous of Shoghi Effendi and wish him ill.

This info is taken mostly from Priceless Pearl.

He was primed, from a young age, for his eventual purpose.

Hasan
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Re: that's right

Postby Hasan » Wed Jun 22, 2005 12:12 pm

Yeah, the Guardian was designated by God, he is "the Sign of God" in earth.

Keyvan

Postby Keyvan » Thu Jun 23, 2005 3:10 am

wow, thats pretty cool. hard to imagine such a responsibility at such a young age. thanks.

Hasan
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Postby Hasan » Thu Jun 23, 2005 10:52 am

Keyvan wrote:wow, thats pretty cool. hard to imagine such a responsibility at such a young age. thanks.


Well, I don't think the Master project Shoghi Effendi (at age 5) as the Guardian of Bahá'í Faith, obviously He project he will be His successor but not at such age. It seems the three parts of the Testament were written in three difficult moments of 'Abdu'l-Bahá.

Ali Nakhjavani wrote: http://bahai-library.com/?file=nakhjava ... &chapter=2

The second reference is incorporated in the second part of 'Abdu'l-Bahá'ís Will, most probably written in 1907. Here are His own words: "I am now in very great danger and the hope of even an hour's life is lost to me. I am thus constrained to write these lines for the protection of the Cause of God, the preservation of His Law, the safeguarding of His Word and the safety of His Teachings."- (WTA p.18)
In this portion of the Will when Shoghi Effendi was only about ten years old and when as Shoghi Effendi later indicated was a period which he described as: "the darkest moments of [the Master's] life under Abdu'l-?amid's regime when He stood ready to be deported to the most inhospitable regions of Northern Africa, He wrote the following"(WOB p.17):" Unto the Most Holy Book every one must turn, and all that is not expressly recorded therein must be referred to the Universal House of Justice. That which this body, whether unanimously or by a majority doth carry, that is verily the truth and the purpose of God Himself. Whoso doth deviate therefrom is verily of them that love discord, hath shown forth malice, and turned away from the Lord of the Covenant. By this House is meant that Universal House of Justice which is to be elected from all countries, that is from those parts in the East and West where the loved ones are to be found... It is incumbent upon these members [of the Universal House of Justice] to gather in a certain place and deliberate upon all problems which have caused difference, questions that are obscure and matters that are not expressly recorded in the Book. Whatsoever they decide has the same effect as the Text itself."- (WTA p.19)
As indicated by the Universal House of Justice, in its letter of 9 March 1965 (MUHJ p.53), it was also at this very time that 'Abdu'l-Bahá wrote to the cousin of the Báb, the chief builder of the 'Ishqábád Temple, Hájí Mírzá Taqí Afnán, a Tablet in which He describes the dangers to His life, and adds that He has written a Will and Testament in which He has given directions for the election of the Universal House of Justice. He therefore instructs him in that Tablet to come to the Holy Land, should the threats against Him materialize, open His Will and Testament, and carry out His wishes.


The follow answer of Mr. Nakhjavani is also instructive:

Q. I think 'Abdu'l-Bahá gave two alternatives of succession after Him, namely, a House of Justice with the Guardian and a House of Justice without him in order to protect Shoghi Effendi after Him. Do you think 'Abdu'l-Bahá knew what will happen to Shoghi Effendi during the latter's ministry?

A. As you know Shoghi Effendi in his Dispensation states "... [I]n the person of Abdu'l-Bahá the incompatible characteristics of human nature and superhuman knowledge and perfection have been blended and are completely harmonized". (WOB p. 134) It is obviously impossible for anyone in any discussion to take away from 'Abdu'l-Bahá'ís inner reality His "superhuman knowledge and perfection". In the light of this it would be entirely in order, I think, to be confident in the conclusion that 'Abdu'l-Bahá, in His inner being, would have been aware of future events.

As to the question of using two alternatives for the future House of Justice, in light of what happened to the Aghsán, all of whom broke the Covenant during Shoghi Effendi's lifetime, I tend to agree with you that 'Abdu'l-Bahá'ís purpose was to protect Shoghi Effendi. During Shoghi Effendi's ministry, there were seven Aghsáns, all grandsons of 'Abdu'l-Bahá: two of them were his own brothers and five of them were male first cousins.
Shoghi Effendi's first reference to "future Guardians" is found in his Dispensation. At that time all the seven contemporary Aghsáns were alive and still outwardly faithful under the Covenant. He also referred to future Guardians in a letter to an individual believer written in November 1948. (LOG pp. 309-310) At that time some Aghsáns were still within the pale of the Faith. Indeed in a letter addressed to the friends in the East, dated Naw-Rœz 105 of the Bahá'í era, that is some eight years before he passed away, Shoghi Effendi wrote a prayer in which he supplicates Bahá'u'lláh that those who have removed themselves from the Bahá'í Fold may have a change of heart, may compensate for what has escaped them and may be reinstated in the Bahá'í community. As you see he was still hoping that some of the Aghsáns would sincerely repent for their past actions -- a possibility which never materialized. As you all know of course, Shoghi Effendi himself had no offspring and therefore he found himself, by force of circumstance, unable to appoint anyone to succeed him as Guardian, in accordance with the provisions of the Will and Testament of 'Abdu'l-Bahá


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