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'Abdu'l-Bahá's Commentary on the Qur'ánic Verses Concerning the Overthrow of the Byzantines

AuthorMoojan Momen
Title of item
'Abdu'l-Bahá's Commentary on the Qur'ánic Verses Concerning the Overthrow of the Byzantines
Subtitle of item
The Stages of the Soul
Total pages
Parent publication   Lights of Irfan
Publisher of this ed.
Wilmette, IL: Irfan Colloquia
Date of this edition 2001
Permission author and publisher
Posted 2010-05-17 by Jonah Winters
Classified in Published Articles
Abstract Commentary on the first few verses of the Quranic Sura of Rum; nine esoteric or mystical interpretations of the word al-Rum, transl. "Rome" or "Byzantium"; different types of soul; the soul's progress through the realms of creation.
Notes Presented at the Irfan Colloquia Session #28, London School of Economics (July 14-6, 2000). Also published in Bahá'í Studies Review 12 (2004), pp. 67-90.

See also an updated Word document, momen_byzantines_2020.docx, with some transcription errors fixed by Mike Thomas.

In the Partial Inventory, ID AB00007, this is referred to as Tafsir Ghulibatu'r-Rum (Commentary on the Hadith "Rome was Overthrown"). [-A.B.]

Tags Arc of ascent and descent; Cosmology; Haft Vadi (Seven Valleys); Interfaith dialogue; Interpretation; Islam; Mysticism; Quran; Soul; Sufism
Cross-referencesSee also Makátíb-i-Ḥaḍrat-i-ʻAbdu'l-Bahá, vol. 1, pp. 62–102.
Page views 13329 hits since 2010-05-17
Edit qualitymedium: minimally proofread or edited
Format qualityhigh: well formatted
Phelps inventoryPartial Inventory catalog ID no: AB00007, see
Last edited
2023-06-22 20:39 EST. See previous versions [].

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