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From Outsider to Outsider

AuthorNaghme Naseri Morlock
Title of item
From Outsider to Outsider
Subtitle of item
A Study of Iranian Bahá'ís' Identity in Iran and the United States
Parent publication   Journal of Hate Studies
Publisher of this ed.
Spokane, WA: Gonzaga University
Date of this edition 2023
Permission Creative Commons Non-commercial (see
Posted 2023-11-09 by Jonah Winters
Classified in Published Articles
Abstract The denial of a national identity of Bahá'ís in Iran; their experiences in the U.S.; cultural differences between immigrant and American Bahá'ís; the importance of religious identity; how religious, national, and cultural identities are negotiated.
Notes This document is online under Creative Commons license at, where it is also available in HTML and XML formats. See also Religious Persecution & Oppression: A Study of Iranian Baha'ís' Strategies of Survival (Morlock, 2021).
Tags Alienation; Belonging (community); Children; Community (general); Cultural differences; Cultural diversity; Discrimination; Distraction; Expectations; Family; Family; Freedom and liberty; Health and healing; Holy Days; Human rights; Identity; Integration (migration); Language; Materialism; Migration; Nineteen Day Feast; Participation; Persecution; Persecution, Iran; Persian culture; Persian diaspora; Psychology; Refugees; Research questions; Respect; Service; Silence; Social change; Sociology; Tablets of Visitation; Trauma; Unity; Western culture
Locations Iran (documents); United States (documents)
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Last edited
2023-11-12 10:44 EDT. See previous versions [].

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