|Indeed the chief motive actuating me to undertake the task of editing and translating Nabíl's immortal |
Narrative has been to enable every follower of the Faith in the West to better understand and more
readily grasp the tremendous implications of His exalted station and to more ardently admire and love Him.
(Shoghi Effendi, Dispensation of Bahá'u'lláh, page 123)
Preface (p. xxiii-lxiii)
- The chronicle gives not only great historical value, but also
high moral power.
- Nabil is the author of the Dawnbreakers.
- His purpose is to rehearse the beginnings of the Bahá'í
- Mean features:
- The saintly heroic figure of the Báb.
- The devotion of His followers.
- The rage of a jealous priesthood
Knowledge of the
condition of church/state in Persia and customs and mental outlook of the
people and their masters is necessary to appreciate the history.
- Some literature available in English.
- Description of Persia in 19 century: backward nation,
corruption and moral decay.
- Abdu'l-Bahá's observation of the degradation of the Persian
- Also other writers agree.
- Description by Lord Curzon about the government of the country
and the power of the Sháh.
- Family of the Sháh maintained important positions.
- Description by Lord Curzon regarding the corruption practices
- Explanation of Madakhil, so prevalent in Persian society.
- Those are difficulties for the Báb's mission, but there are
also dangers He faced.
- Description of cruelty and torture in Persia.
- No confidence in government, no personal sense of duty, pride
or honour, no mutual trust and co-operation.
- Despite these conditions, the Báb proclaimed to be the Qá'im
and the coming of a greater Manifestation then Himself.
- Doctrines of Shi'ah Islam.
- Doctrines of Sunni Islam.
- Both sects expect twofold Manifestation and explanation of
mission of the Báb as the gate.
- Rejection of divines of the mission of the Báb, since He did
not endorse correct system, but gave new laws.
- Comparison with persecution of Jesus Christ. And even if He
would confirm and remained laws of Moses, this would still threaten the
divines! And He would have been put to death.
- Opposition to the Cause of the Báb by the dominant Church, yet
no plausible reason could be given to destroy the enemy.
- Record of Dr. Cormick about his meetings with the Báb.
- Only European record available.
- Description of personalíty of the Báb and His power.
- The Báb's followers.
- Followers could be easily persecuted in Persia that time.
- Followers that time defending their lives in forts.
- Abdu'l-Bahá explains moral action of their defending.
- Bábís arouse to defend themselves in accordance with their
former beliefs and no communication or guidance was possible from the Báb
to His followers.
- Bahá'u'lláh abolished this practice.
- The Báb and His chief disciples were all killed except
- Fire still smothered in their hearts and was not quenched by
- Bahá'u'lláh proclaimed His mission as the Promised One of the
- Growth of the Faith through Abdu'l-Bahá.
- Nabil's work has unique value, he was present that time and
closely associated with the two Leaders.
- Life and service of Nabil.
- Started writing in 1888 for 1,5 years.
- Complete work goes to 1892.
- First half is the Dawnbreakers. Importance of narrative.
Persia's state of decadence
in the middle of the 19 century
A. The Qájár Sovereigns
- The station of the king – Centre of administration and wealth.
- Divinity of the king.
- Language used towards the kind and corruption.
- Cruelty of system.
- Huge number of male descendants of the kings and filling
important positions throughout the country.
- Bad administration through continually new policies.
- Murder of highest officers because of jealousy.
B. The Government
- Government is ruled by the fear from the Sháh.
- The corrupt and deceit character of the ministers.
C. The People
- Corruption and interchange of presents.
- Explanation of Madkhil, taking money for services.
- Enormous number of attendants that swarm around a minister, to
D. The Ecclesiastical Order
- Islam is not only religion, but also government, philosophy and
science as well.
- Siyyid's unique rights.
- Bad condition of the Persian Jews.
- Gigantic system of
prostitution under the sanction of the Church prevails in Mashhad.
- Record of savage punishments and abominable tortures.
- System in Persia is build up by all the most selfish instincts
in human nature, that is oppressed to progressive ideas.
Bahá'u'lláh's tribute to the Báb and His
- The Báb revealed His Cause which was contrary to the desire of
all the people, and could only achieve this by the permission of God.
- The Báb's prophesy of His own Martyrdom.
- Detachment of the Báb and follows the path of God.
- Steadfastness of the Báb.
- Potency and transmuting influence of the Báb over His
- Absolute resignation of the followers of the Báb.
- Apprehend the greatness of this Revelation.
Distinguishing features of Shi-ah Islam.
- Explanation of Imámate and list of Imans.
- Explanation of 12th Imam, "gates" and Minor and
Genealogy of the Prophet Muhammad.
Theory and Administration of law in
Persia in the middle of the 19 century.
- Explanation of "Shar", law administered by ecclesiastical.
- Explanation of "Urf", the Common Law.
- Intention of Nabil to write the Dawnbreakers.
- List of trustworthy informants.
- Gratitude of Nabil to have been able to write the Dawnbreakers.
Mission of Shaykh Ahmad-i-Ahsa'i (pp. 1-18)
- Shaykh Ahmad-i-Ahsa'i arose to awaken the people out of their
slumber and to prepare the coming of a new Manifestation.
- He moved from Bahrayn to Najaf and Karbila, studied, became
mujtahid and famous and had many admirers, but refused to get involved
into honours, etc.
- Shaykh Ahmad went to Persia, first to Mashad, and then to
Shiraz, which he praised often.
- Then he went to Yazd. Answered inquires from the Sháh and
politely postponed the invitation.
- In Yazd, Abdu'l-Vahhab was a close companion of Shaykh Ahmad
with whom he shared the message of fast approaching Revelation. He later
died and his friend Hájí Hasan-i-Nayini continued announcing it to every
- Story of Mirzá Mahmud-i-Qamsari, about Hájí Hasan-i-Nayini
telling him of the day of birth Bahá'u'lláh .
- Evidence of Shaykh Ahmad influence upon his disciples.
- Meeting of Shaykh Ahmad with Siyyid Kazim in Yazd.
- Character and learning of Siyyid Kázim
- Only after few weeks, Shaykh Ahmad tells Siyyid Kázim not to
attend his classes anymore, but to instruct his disciples.
- Pilgrimage of Shaykh Ahmad to Khurasan, Mashad.
- Shaykh Ahmad and Siyyid Kázim and other disciples went to
Tihrán and were entertained by the Sháh. Birth of Bahá'u'lláh that time in
- Prince Muhammad-Alí-Mirzá invited Shaykh Ahmad to Kirmanshah.
Shaykh Ahmad had to leave Tihrán, but says prayer for protection for
- Teaching and writing of Shaykh Ahmad about coming of Promised
One. His son Alí died, in same year as the Báb was born, as sacrifice for
- Reference to the Báb's birth, name and mission.
- Affectionate relationship between Siyyid Kázim and Prince
Muhammad-Alí-Mirzá. Siyyid Kázim is the only one who understands fully the
utterance of Shaykh Ahmad and Shaykh Ahmad singled him out as his
- Prince died and Shaykh Ahmad went to Karbila. Then to Mecca and
Medina, where he passed away.
- Before leaving to Karbila, Shaykh Ahmad appoints Siyyid Kázim
as his successor.
- Siyyid Kázim teaches in Karbila. Writes epistle to Shaykh Ahmad
concerning the opposition and fanaticism. Shaykh Ahmad prophesized the
Cause to be made manifest after him.
- Answer of Shaykh Ahmad to Siyyid Kázim which strengthened
- Passing of Shaykh Ahmad in Medina.
Mission of Siyyid Kázim-i-Rashti (pp. 19-46)
- Opponents of Siyyid Kázim grew leaded by Siyyid Ibrahim and
determined to destroy him. He sent a messenger to find support of Hájí
Siyyid Muhammad Baqir-i-Rashti in Isfahan and Mirzá Askari in
Mashhad. Mirzá Huhit-i-Kirmani
volunteered, but Siyyid Kázim choose Mullá Husayn for this mission.
- Meeting of Mullá Husayn with Hájí Siyyid Muhammad Baqir and
explaining those passages which Hájí Siyyid Muhammad Baqir disapproved.
- Hájí Siyyid Muhammad Baqir wrote declaration of support to
Siyyid Kázim's teachings and gave to Mullá Husayn.
- Hájí Siyyid Muhammad Baqir inquired through a messenger where
Mullá Husayn was staying, and finding out that it was very simple, he
offered money to apologize, but Mullá Husayn refused. Passing of Hájí
Siyyid Muhammad Baqir.
- Mullá Husayn sends testimony to Siyyid Kázim who replies
affectionately and praise.
- Siyyid Kázim, feeling the approaching hour of the Promised One,
removed some veils from his disciples and gave signs of the Manifestation.
- Story of Shaykh Hasan-i-Zunuzi meeting the Báb and Siyyid Kázim
in Karbila, drinking out silver cup, reverence of Siyyid Kázim towards
that Youth, reference to the Promised One during his class as light on
- Story of Shaykh Hasan-i-Zunuzi describing the Báb while praying
at Shrine of Iman Husayn and his attraction to Him.
- Shaykh Hasan-i-Zunuzi met the Báb on return of His pilgrimage
and stayed close association. Reference to the Báb revealíng commentaries
in Máh-Kú on the Qu'rán.
- Bab's question to Shaykh Hasan-i-Zunuzi concerning two
- During fight in Shaykh Tabarsí, the Báb sent Shaykh
Hasan-i-Zunuzi to Karbila on mission to wait and see the promised Husayn.
- Shaykh Hasan-i-Zunuzi moved to Karbila, married and worked as a
scribe and suffered from the inflictions of the Shaykhis. The Báb was
martyred after two years.
- On 5 October 1851, Shaykh Hasan-i-Zunuzi met Bahá'u'lláh in Karbila. Description of Bahá'u'lláh
and joy of Shaykh Hasan-i-Zunuzi.
- Reference of name of Bahá'u'lláh and the Báb in Siyyid Kázim's
- Siyyid Kázim suffered much from enemies. Karbila was because of
this mischief besieged and communicate to Siyyid Kázim to bring peace or
other wise calamity.
- Siyyid Kázim convinced the people to surrender and have Siyyid
Kázim intervened on their behalf. However, the ulamas, full of envy,
frustrated this plan, by persuading a number of people to attack the
- Siyyid Kázim, aware of plan communicated this to commander who
considered only safe place Siyyid Kázim's house. "Verily, that with which
they are threatened is for the morning. Is not the morning near?"
- When city was attacked, citizens flee to Shrine Iman Husayn or
Abbas or house of Siyyid Kázim which was very full.
- 10 January 1843, many people were killed except those in house
of Siyyid Kázim Wrath of God on those who belittle Siyyid Kázim.
- Temporary ascendancy of evildoers until Faith proclaimed.
- Siyyid Kázim refers to true followers and false ones in his
- Shaykh Abu-Turab mentions about bodily deficiencies of 3
persons of their fellow disciples of Siyyid Kázim who would be vain and faithless
people. These are:
- Hájí Mirzá Karim Khan (one-eyed and sparsely bearded)
- Mirzá Hasan-i-Gawhar (corpulent)
- Mirzá Muhit-i-Sha-ir-i-Kirmani
- Story of Siyyid Kázim about Hájí Mirzá Karim Khan's book and
motives and states that he is the anti-christ of the promised Revelation.
- Instructions of Siyyid Kázim and reference to coming of the Báb
- Siyyid Kázim left to Kazimayn, where he met an Arab who told
him of his coming death when back in Karbila and the coming of
- Back in Karbila, Siyyid Kázim passed away, buried within
precincts of Shrine of Iman Husayn.
Declaration of the Báb's Mission (pp. 47-96)
- Death of Siyyid Kázim made some believers rise for leadership,
until Mullá Husayn returned.
- Mullá Husayn inquired about the last wishes of Siyyid Kázim.
The followers told him that Siyyid Kázim instructed them to scatter far
and wide for the search for the Promised One. But no one had done this, all having an excuse.
- Reference to traditions about the year '60 and the coming of
- Mullá Husayn went to Masjid-i-Kufih and prepared himself for
the search by fasting and praying. His brother and nephew joined him.
- Arrival of Mullá Alíy-i-Bastami, who followed the example of
Mullá Husayn, together with 12 other disciples.
- After 40 days, Mullá Husayn directly went via Najaf to Bushihr.
- Mullá Husayn was attracted to Shiraz. Arriving at that city, he instructed his brother and nephew
to go to Masjid-i-Ilkhani, waiting for him.
- Walking outside the gate, a young man greeted him
affectionately. Mullá Husayn thought he was a disciple of Siyyid Kázim.
- Youth invited him to His house.
- Impressions of Mullá Husayn while entering the House.
- Evening prayer together with Youth.
- Declaration of the Báb to Mullá Husayn as the Promised One.
- The Báb answered the questions which Mullá Husayn concerning a
treatise he himself made. And the
Báb started unasked to reveal a commentary of Surih of Joseph. 23 May 1844.
- Impressions of the hospitalíty of the Báb.
- Call for prayer awaked Mullá Husayn from his ecstasy of the
words of the Báb.
- Mullá Husayn was enthralled by the music of the voice of the
- The Báb declared himself as the Báb and Mullá Husayn as
Bábu'l-Báb. The Báb gives instruction to Mullá Husayn not to divulge this
until 18 other souls have uninvited recognized the Báb.
- Impressions of Mullá Husayn about his state after the
declaration of the Báb.
- Mullá Husayn started with classes and devotions in Shiraz.
- In those days, Mullá Husayn visited the Báb on several
occasions during the night, listening to His Words. The Báb prophesized
coming of 13 disciples next day.
- Mullá ‘Alíy-i-Bastámí and his companions arrived. Mullá ‘Alí,
as their spokesman spoke with Mullá Husayn about their quest for the
- Companions individually then prayed to God asking Him to remove
- Mullá ‘Alí recognizes the Báb.
- Mullá Husayn and Mullá ‘Alí went to the House of the Báb early
in morning where his servant was expecting them.
- Description of first meeting of Mullá ‘Alí with the Báb.
- Other 12 companions also recognized the Báb in sleep,
meditation, etc. They all were called letters of the Living, chosen
Apostles of the Báb.
- Arrival of Quddús in Shiraz and his immediate recognition of
- Explanation of communication of certain souls with others in
the realm of the spirit.
- Rank of Quddús and his life.
- Story of the birth of the Báb and as a child.
- Story of Shaykh ‘Abid, the teacher of the Báb, when He attended
class as a child.
- The Báb married with sister of Mirzá Siyyid Hasan and Mirzá
Abu'l-Qasim (when He was 22) and got one son Ahmad, who died in 1843.
- Devotion of the Báb's worship in the heat.
- Impressions of the Báb's character, His charm, His manners,
self-effacement, integrity and extreme devotion to God.
- Impressions of the Báb concerning Iman Husayn.
- Names of the letters of the living.
- Recognition of Táhirih
- Story about life of Táhirih, the Pure One, entitled by Siyyid
Kázim as Qurratu'l-Ayn.
- Explanation of Bálá-Sarí.
- Address of the Báb to Mullá Husayn, instructing him to go to
Isfahan, Kashan, Qum, Tihrán, Khurasan, Najaf and Karbila. Hidden Treasure in Tihrán. Arise to
diffuse My Cause.
- Address to Mullá ‘Alí, first one to suffer for His sake. Go to
Najaf and Karbila and let your faith be immovable.
- Story of Mullá ‘Alí when met youth Abdu'l-Vahhad and telling to
him his dream.
- Mullá ‘Alí tried to persuade Abdu'l-Vahhad to return to Shiraz,
but without success.
- Anger of Hájí Abdu'l-Majid, the father of Abdu'l-Vahhad, that
his son left the city.
- Beating up of Mullá ‘Alí by that father.
- Story of Hájí Abdu'l-Majid becoming Bahá'í later through
- Story of Mullá ‘Alí about his journey to Najaf and promulgation
the Faith to Shaykh Muhammad Hassan and finally being escorted to Baghdad
and cast into prison.
- Interrogation of Mullá ‘Alí by the Mufti of Baghdad and being
sent to Constantinople. Mullá ‘Alí was first martyr of the Faith.
- Tablet addressed to the Letters of the Living by the Báb.
- The Báb instructed each Letter to go to their native provinces
to proclaim the new Faith, but not to disclose the name or identity of the
Báb. Mullá Husayn and Quddús staying in Shiraz.
- Farewell address to Mullá Husayn.
Mullá Husayn's journey to Tihrán (pp. 96-108)
- Mullá Husayn arrives in Isfahan, where the followers of the
Hájí Siyyid Muhammad-Baqir, who passed away, complained to his son,
- They then turned to Hájí-Muhammad-Ibrahim-i-Kalbasi, who told
them to investigate the matter, not denouncing Mullá Husayn.
- They then turned to the governor of Isfahan, Manuchihr Khan,
who refused to listen.
- First to accept the Cause in Isfahan was a sifter of wheat.
Story of his devotion and reference in Persian Bayan.
- Names of early converts in Isfahan. Story of vision of Mullá
Sadiq-i-Khuransani, surnamed "Ismu'llahu'l-Asdag", recognizing the Báb.
Mullá Husayn send him to Kirman and then to Shiraz.
- Mullá Husayn then went to Kashan, where Hájí Mirzá Jani
enrolled. Rejection of Siyyid Abdu'l-Baqi (member of Shaykhi community)
- Mullá Husayn went to Qum, where no one was ready. Seeds did not
germinate until time Bahá'u'lláh was in Baghdad.
- Mullá Husayn to Tihrán, lived in room of madrisih of Mirzá
Salíh. Leader of Shaykhi community
(Hájí Mirzá Muhammad) was not responding to Mullá Husayn's call.
- Story of meeting between Mullá-Muhammad-i-Mu'allim, disciple of
Hájí Mirzá Muhammad, and Mullá Husayn inquires about a person from family
- Mullá-Muhammad-i-Mu'allim went with scroll which Mullá Husayn
gave to Bahá'u'lláh. Bahá'u'lláh
accept message of the Báb and gives gift for Mullá Husayn.
- Mullá Husayn emotionally accepted the gift from the hands of
Mullá-Muhammad-i-Mu'allim, who is puzzled about this mystery.
- Farewell of Mullá Husayn and he left to Khurasan.
Bahá'u'lláh's journey to Mazindaran (pp. 109-122)
- First journey of Bahá'u'lláh to the province of
Mazindaran. Village of Takur.
Bahá'u'lláh tells story about His father, his wealth and adversities.
- Story about Bahá'u'lláh before declaration of the Báb
explaining certain passages in the Qu'rán during a class of mujtahid Mirzá
- Story of dream of mujtahid concerning Promised One who was
talking with the Báb.
- Second dream of mujtahid concerning coffers full of books, set
with jewels, which belonged to Bahá'u'lláh.
- Bahá'u'lláh, in year 60, arrived in Nur and began to teach the
Cause eloquently and convincible.
- No one dared to oppose Bahá'u'lláh except His uncle Aziz. He
went to the mujtahid complaining about Bahá'u'lláh that "He was a sorcerer
and perhaps mixes his tea with substance that everyone falls victim of its
charm." Mujtahid, Mullá Muhammad made written statement with errors.
- Disciples of Mullá Muhammad urged him to go to Takur and
investigate the Cause. He sent Mullá Abbas and Mirzá Abu'l-Qasim, sons in
laws of Mirzá Muhammad Taqi, to investigate and he will adopt their
- Both men became immediately devoted to Bahá'u'lláh and refused
to go back to Mullá Muhammad.
- Because of these conversions, many people came to Bahá'u'lláh
in admiration. Bahá'u'lláh intends to go to Mullá Muhammad and deliver the
message of God.
- Story of mujtahid refusing message which Bahá'u'lláh brought.
He wanted to consult the Qu'rán, opened the Book, closed it, didn't say
what is it was and refused to accept message.
- Story of dervish, Mustafa, meeting Bahá'u'lláh while cooking
- Bahá'u'lláh taught the Faith in Nur, which was the first
district in Persia embracing the Divine message.
- Dream of Vazir, father of Bahá'u'lláh, when Bahá'u'lláh was
still a child, about Bahá'u'lláh swimming in a sea and fish attached to
- Soothsayer interpreting the dream.
- Soothsayer was taken to Bahá'u'lláh and looked upon his
face. The soothsayer was full of
admiration and praise.
- Hájí Mirzá Aqasi showed consideration and favour upon
Bahá'u'lláh while a child. Jealousy of Mirzá Aqa Khan-i-Nuri, successor of
Hájí Mirzá Aqasi.
- Story about Hájí Mirzá Aqasi wanting to purchase village from
Bahá'u'lláh, but didn't work out. Anger of Hájí Mirzá Aqasi towards
Bahá'u'lláh, who defeated him in every argument.
- Bahá'u'lláh's ascendancy over His opponent of the highest
Mullá Husayn's journey to Khurasan (pp. 123-128)
- Instruction of the Báb to the letters of the living to make
list of believers to be recorded in the Tablet of God.
- He instructed Mullá Husayn to make written report of
activities, who accepted and who rejected His Cause.
- Conversion of outstanding ecclesiastical leaders of Khurasan.
- Reference to Mirzá Muhammad Baqir, his devoted efforts, martyr
in Shaykh Tabarsí and his house, Bábíyyih.
- Mullá Husayn reports the activities to the Báb.
- Joy of the Báb and Quddús after receiving the report and
reading about Tihrán.
- Brief explanation of Mullá Husayn to Mirzá Ahmad about
happiness of Bahá'u'lláh and Quddús .
- Reference to Bahá'u'lláh's leadership and the Báb's joy. The
Cause would be safe, even if the Báb fell a victim of tyranny.
Báb's Pilgrimage to Mecca and Medina (pp. 129-141)
- The Báb, Quddús and the Ethiopian servant went to Bushihr, from
where they embarked on a difficult journey by sea to Mecca.
- The Báb was dictating to Quddús verses, despite the bad conditions
of sea travel.
- The Báb prays that means of ocean travel may soon be speedily
- People of the West have not recognized the source of power
which enables the great industrial revolution.
- Arrival in Jaddith, Quddús provides the Báb in every comfort
- Saddlebag of the Báb got stolen which contained Writings and
prayers. Calming and comforting
words of the Báb and joyous submission to God's will.
- During the Feast days, the Báb sacrificed 19 lambs and
distributed food to the poor.
- Despite the heat, the Báb performed all prescribed rites in
- Challenge of the Báb to Mirzá Muhit-i-Kirmani to recognize Him.
- Answer of Mirzá Muhit to the Báb.
- Invitation of the Báb to Mirzá Muhit to ask Him anything
whatsoever perplexes his mind.
- Mirzá Muhit submitted his questions, which the Báb will give
the answers to in Medina.
- Despite his pledge, Mirzá Muhit left Medina before the Báb
- Mirzá Muhit was concealed and persistent opponent of the
Faith. Bahá'u'lláh refused to meet
him later in secret.
- Story of how the Báb proclaimed His mission to the Sherif of
Mecca and how he was busy with other things.
- Vision of the Báb in Medina, conversing with holy men, pioneers
and martyrs of the Faith, weeping about His future sacrifice.
The Báb's stay in Shiraz after the pilgrimage (pp. 142-169)
- The Báb returned to Bushihr and bade Quddús farewell and
instructed him to go to Shiraz.
- Quddús meets Hájí Mirzá Siyyid Alí, who embraces the Cause.
- Quddús meets Mullá Sadiq who immediately proclaimed in the
congregation prayer, the tablet from the Báb which Quddús had given him.
- Husayn Khan, governor of province Fars, was informed of the
- Arrest of Quddús and Mullá Sadiq and interview with Husayn
- Husayn Khan ordered that Quddús and Mullá Sadiq beards to be
burnt, a cord pierced in their noses and passed through the streets. They
are the first ones to suffer in Persia.
- Story of eyewitness concerning torture of Mullá Sadiq.
- Story of arrest of the Báb between Bushihr and Shiraz.
- Interview of the Báb with Husayn Khan and others in Shiraz.
- The Báb confined to the House of His uncle in relatively peace.
- Publicly denial of the Báb's claim at pulpit.
- The Báb celebrates Naw-Ruz at home.
- Several people became attracted to the Báb during his
performance on pulpit. One of them was Shaykh Alí Mirzá.
- Muhammad-Karim also.
- Mirzá Aqay-i-Rikab-Saz.
- Mirzá Rahim-i-Rhabbaz.
- Hájí Abu'l-Hasan-i-Bazzaz.
- Hájí Muhammad-Bisat.
- Letter of the Báb to Bábís in Karbila, directing them to
- Letter of the Báb tested loyalty of followers. Some discontent
because breaking promise, other strength faith and went to Isfahan.
- Believers on their way to Isfahan, meet Mullá Husayn who stayed
with them for a while, invoking the envy of some believers.
- Experience of Mullá Abdu'l-Karim with believers discrediting
- Mullá Husayn travels with group to Isfahan but always before
them. Shows great example to
- Arrival of groups in Isfahan. Mullá Husayn set forth to Shiraz
secretly and meets the Báb several times.
- Other believers met with the Báb in Shiraz, some of them
jealous and envious of Mullá Husayn and where later expelled from Shiraz
by civil authorities.
- The Báb asks Mullá'Abdu'l-Karim-i-Qazvini: "Abdu'l-Karim, are you seeking the
- Story of Abdu'l-Karim about his own state of learning
- During meditation he received a vision about Siyyid Kázim.
- Declines invitation of Mullá Abdu'l-Karim to see him
- He sets out to Karbila
- Meeting with Siyyid Kázim together with his brother
- Classes of Siyyid Kázim were always about the Promised One
- He left Karbila after promise of Siyyid Kázim.
- He returned to Qazvin, every night praying to attain the
presence of the Promised One.
- Vision of a bird "Are you seeking the Manifestation, O
- He set out to Karbila when heard that the Báb from Shiraz will
be there. And then went to Shiraz
and the Báb said the same as his vision.
- Personal note from Nabil concerning Mullá Abdu'l-Karim.
The Báb's stay in Shiraz after the
pilgrimage (pp. 170-198)
- Protest grew in Shiraz because of presence of Mullá Husayn. The
Báb sent him to Khurasan and others to Isfahan. Mullá Abdu'l Karim stayed.
- Teaching activities got impulse and many high officials got
informed of the Cause.
- Muhammad Sháh sends Siyyid Yahyay to investigate the truth of
the Báb's Revelation. Siyyid
Yahyay was the most learned and influential in the country.
- Muhammad Sháh gives instructions to Siyyid Yahyay to go to
Shiraz and inform him of the results.
- Siyyid Yahyay already had the desire to investigate the new
revelation and left immediately to Shiraz.
- A friend from Siyyid Yahyay, Azim, gave him advice to exercise
the utmost consideration in his conversation with the Báb.
- First interview, Siyyid Yahyay asked questions and the Báb gave
short but pervasive answers. Siyyid Yahyay asked to be excused.
- Siyyid Yahyay in second interview forgot all his questions and
the Báb answered them simple during the conversation. Azim told Siyyid Yahyay to be humble in
order to recognize Him.
- In the third interview, Siyyid Yahyay wanted that the Báb
unasked revealed a commentary on Surih of Kawthar. When he entered he became full of fear.
The Báb revealed the commentary.
- He wrote it in several hours and then read it out loud. Almost
3 times Siyyid Yahyay fainted.
- Together with Mullá Abdu'l-Karim, he transcribed the work for 3
days and nights. He became certain in the Cause.
- Siyyid Yahyay was guest at Husayn Khan's house. Husayn Khan writes to Muhammad Sháh
that Siyyid Yahyay has become Bábí.
- Muhammad Sháh writes back to Husayn Khan, stating that he can
in no wise belittle Siyyid Yahyay.
- Husayn Khan couldn't harm Siyyid Yahyay, but was full of hate.
- The Báb instructed Siyyid Yahyay to teach his father, who
wanted to be left alone.
- Other dignitary was Hujjat, who was against the whole hierarchy
of the ecclesiastical leaders of his country.
- Hujjat sent one of his disciples to Shiraz to investigate the
Cause of the Báb.
- Messenger returned to Zanján, where Hujjat had a meeting with
the ulamas of the city. He
accepted the Cause directly after reading a page from Qayyumu'l-Asma.
- After expelled from Shiraz, Quddús went to Kirman and Mullá
Sadiq to Yazd. Quddús stayed at
the House of Hájí Siyyid Javad and occupied the seat of honour. Hájí Mirzá Karim Khan asked the
governor to stop Hájí Siyyid Javad interacting with Quddús. He became furious with Hájí Mirzá Karim
Khan and governor would rebuke him.
- All hopes for leadership of Hájí Mirzá Karim Khan were gone.
- Hájí Siyyid Javad became Bábí, but concealed his belief to help
the new community.
- He resisted the actions of Hájí Mirzá Karim Khan to harm the
- Quddús left Kirman to Tihrán. Aqay-i-Kalím, brother of
Bahá'u'lláh, describes Quddús.
- Quddús entered presence of Bahá'u'lláh, and then went to native
town Bárfurúsh. Prophesy of his own martyrdom. He later joins Mullá Husayn
- Mullá Sadiq went to Yazd and inquired about Mirzá Ahmad.
- Mirzá Ahmad made compilation of Islamic traditions and
prophecies, to use by the believers.
- The uncle of Mullá Ahmad, Siyyid Husayn, asked him to stay in
Yazd and help him to fight Hájí Mirzá Karim Khan.
- Mulláh Ahmad showed him the book and also to all the other
ulamas, who were impressed.
- One of them was Mirzá Taqi, who asked to borrow the book, and
- Siyyid Husayn was angry, but Mullá Ahmad withheld him from
- Mullá Sadiq went to masjid of Siyyid Husayn and climbed the
- Mullá Sadiq proclaims the revelation of the Báb.
- Mullá Sadiq was beaten by the crowd, but Siyyid Husayn
intervenes and calms the crowd.
- Mullá Sadiq is taken to the house of Siyyid Husayn.
- Mullá Yusuf also persecuted, but Siyyid Husayn and Mullá Ahmad
- Mullá Sadiq and Mullá Yusuf arrived in Kirman, and suffered
torture from Hájí Mirzá Karim Khan. Because of Hájí Siyyid Javad they were
able to go to Khurasan.
- Despite these sufferings, the disciples of the Báb showed the
ennobling influence of the Faith.
- Vahid = Siyyid Yahyah, who was still in Shiraz, and Hájí Siyyid
Javad-i-Karbila'i met the Báb in Shiraz.
- Story of Hájí Siyyid Javad when he met the Sháh.
- Hájí Siyyid Javad spent last days in Kirman as a staunch
- Shaykh Sultan-i-Karbila'i met the Báb in Shiraz. He was too ill to meet the Báb upon
- Shaykh Sultan begging to be a martyr to the Báb. The Báb gives
gift to Shaykh Sultan on his sickbed.
- Shaykh Sultan wondered about the Báb's Best Beloved. When he
met Bahá'u'lláh, he knew.
- 1846, celebrated Naw-Ruz in own House and transfer his house
and furniture to His mother and wife.
- Mother of the Báb didn't recognize Mission of her son.
Bahá'u'lláh sent Hájí Siyyid Javad-i-Karbila'i and other who instructed
her in the principles.
- Wife of the Báb from begin recognized Him. The Báb reveals prayer for her.
- The Báb moved to the house of Hájí Mirzá Siyyid Alí, awaiting
His future suffering. He
instructed His disciples to go to Isfahan.
- Husayn Khan secretly obtained accurate information concerning
the Báb and believers.
- One of his agents informed him about the recent situation of
people crowding to see the Báb.
- Husayn Khan ordered the chief constable, Abdu'l-Hamid-Khan, to
arrest the Báb and he wanted to execute Him the very night.
- Chief constable broke in the house and arrested the Báb and
Siyyid Kázim-i-Zanjáni. The Báb
stated: "That with which they are threatened is for the morning. Is not
the morning near?"
- Reaching the market place, they discovered that a plague broke
- Husayn Khan had left the city.
- Abdu'l-Hamid-Khan confined the Báb to his house and realízed
that his son had the plague. He begged the Báb to heal his son.
- He instructed that the boy should drink the water he used for
- Abdu'l-Hamid-Khan wrote to Husayn Khan and begged him to
release the Báb. Husayn Khan
released the Báb and asked Him to leave the city.
- Husayn Khan was dismissed from his position and sunk in misery
until his death.
- The Báb said farewell to his uncle and prophesized that they
will meet again and their martyrdom.
Báb's sojourn in Isfahan (pp. 199-216)
- Summer 1846, the Báb left Shiraz to Isfahan. Wrote letter to Manuchihr Khan,
governor of the city (=Mu'tamid), requesting where He could stay. Governor instructed the Iman-Jumih of
Isfahan to welcome Him.
- Many honours to the Báb, also from Iman-Jumih.
- On request of Iman-Jumih, the Báb revealed commentary on Surih
- Stream of visitors to the house of Iman-Jumih. Mu'tamid requested the Báb to expound on
Muhammad Specific Mission.
- The Báb began to write. Mu'tamid testified to truth of Islam
and superhuman power of the Báb.
- Ecclesiastical authorities of Isfanhan were afraid of their
position. Wrote to Grand Vizier
Hájí Mirzá Aqasi, who rebuked the Iman-Jumih and encouraged the clergy.
- Mu'tamid invites the Báb, Iman-Jumih and some others to his
house, some of who refused the invitation, afraid of the truth.
- The Báb answered all questions with ease. Mu'tamid ordered his guest to leave and
consulted with Iman-Jumih to let the Báb stay at his house.
- One of the believers translated one of His works into Persian,
but eventually sever his connection with his fellow-believers.
- Mirzá Ibrahim gave a big banquet for the Báb. He ask the Báb to
give his brother a child and the Báb gave instructions to give piece of
bread to man and wife. Soon girl
who will be the wife of ‘Abdu'l-Bahá.
- ‘Ulamás of Isfahan issued death warrant of the Báb. Iman-Jumih
is coward and wrote that the Báb is devoid of reason and judgment.
- When Mu'tamid knew about this, he instructed that the Báb be
brought to Tihrán and secretly returned to Isfahan in his private
- Only Mullá Abdu'l-Karim, Siyyid Husayn-i-Yazdi and Shaykh
Hasan-i-Zunuzi were allowed to see Him.
- Conversation between Mu'tamid and the Báb concerning plans and
- Concerns of Mu'tamid concerning the Báb's safety. Death of Mu'tamid.
- The Báb told Siyyid-Hassan and Mullá Abdu'l-Karim of promise
and instructed believers to scatter throughout Kashan, Qum and Tihrán.
- When Mu'tamid passed away, his successor Gurgin Khan, informed
Muhammad Sháh about the Báb, and asked for guidance.
- Sháh ordered to bring the Báb to Tihrán in disguise escorted by
- Gurgin Khan instructed Muhammad Big to prepare for journey and
The Báb's stay in Kashan (pp. 217-222)
- Dream of Hájí Mirzá Jani about the visit of the Báb in his
- Arrival of the Báb in Kashan and His stay in the house of Hájí
- Celebration of Naw-Ruz 1847. Siyyid Husayn arrived, and the Báb
dictated a Tablet for His host, and prayer from the Báb to His host.
- Friend of Hájí Mirzá Jani, Siyyid Abdu'l-Baqi was not affected
by the presence of the Báb because of his own idle fancies, and later felt
remorse and lived a live of unrelieved seclusion.
- Meeting of Mihdi with the Báb. Farewell by Hájí Mirzá Jani to
Báb's journey from Kashan to Tabriz (pp. 223-241)
- Guards became attracted to the Báb. They offered to go to Qum
to visit Shrine of Iman Rida's sister, but the Báb refused.
- Visit to Qumrud for one night. The Báb was touched by warmth of
this simple fold.
- Reaching almost Tihrán, Hájí Mirzá Aqasi ordered that the Báb
go to Kulayn, and a tent should be pitched for Him. Nice environment, the Báb received
gifts from Bahá'u'lláh through Mullá Muhammad-Mihdiy-i-Kandi
- Gift brought great joy to the heart of the Báb.
- Story from Mullá Abdu'l-Karim about that the Báb left his tent.
Nobody knew where He was. After
some time returned with much confidence and power.
- The Báb received letter from Muhammad Sháh, telling Him that he
can't go to Tihrán, but go to Máh-Kú.
- This order was actually from Hájí Mirzá Aqasi. Story about Hájí Mirzá Aqasi.
- The Báb went to Tabriz together with Siyyid Husayn and Siyyid
Hasan. Funds for travel were given
to the poor. Believers met Him
- To Mullá Iskander (also messenger of Hujjat) the Báb gave a
message to Sulayman Khan-i-Afshar asking him to free Him. But he did not respond.
- Hujjat heard from the Báb's appeal and made arrangements to
free the Báb but the Báb refused.
- Farewell of the Báb to guards and His blessings. Muhammad Big reluctantly delivered the
Báb into the hands of the Governor of Tabriz.
- Officials in Tabriz refused to let believers be near to the
Báb. Youth ran outside Tabriz to meet the Báb and He put His arms around
- The Báb was confined in one of the chief houses. Only Siyyid Husayn and his brother
could see the Báb. Many would like
to see the Báb and was praised and glorified.
- Story of Hájí Muhammad Taqiy-i-Milani and Hájí Alí-Askar, able
to get in presence of the Báb.
- Promise of Mullá Husayn to Hájí Alí Askar to meet the Báb 7
times in Tabriz.
The Báb's journey from Kashan to Tabriz (pp. 242-260)
- The Báb foresees future imprisonment in Máh-Kú and Chihríq.
- Description of the castle of Máh-Kú, the warden and the city.
- Intention of Hájí Mirzá Aqásí to send the Báb to so remote a
place, to let the people forget about Him, but the Báb changed the hearts
of the inhabitants of Máh-Kú.
- No one was allowed to stay in Máh-Kú. Siyyid Hasan communicated to Shaykh Hasan-i-Zunuzi, who was
the intermediary of the believers, the replies of the Báb.
- Promise of the Báb that warden would bring Shaykh Hasan to His presence. Story of how Alí-Khan recognizes the
- Alí-Khan begged the Báb that he himself could bring Shaykh
Hasan-i-Zunuzi in His presence.
- Alí-Khan alleviated the rules of the Báb's captivity.
- The Báb revealed the Persian Bayan.
- Voice of the Báb could clearly be heard from the foot of the
mountain, as He was dictating His teachings.
- Stream of pilgrims to visit the Báb and devotion of Alí-Khan.
- Winter of 1847-1848 was very cold and the Báb wept about future
sufferings of Bahá'u'lláh.
- Dream of the Báb in 1844 of head of Iman Husayn. Start of His
- Up rise and rebellion of people against the forces of the Sháh.
- Mullá Husayn left Mashhad not to get involved in the revolt and
set on pilgrimage on foot to Máh-Kú, denying all comforts from the
- Mullá Husayn visited Tihrán and met Bahá'u'lláh. Description of
- Dream of Alí-Khan that prophet Muhammad will visit the
Báb. Next day he sees his dream
being fulfilled by the arrival of Mullá Husayn.
- Celebration of Naw-Ruz 1848 of the Báb, Mullá Husayn and other
- Mullá Husayn stayed in the castle.
- The Báb informs Mullá Husayn about future events and explains
different prophesies mentioned in poems.
- Reports about behaviour Alí-Khan sent to Hájí Mirzá Aqásí by secret
- Hájí Mirzá Aqásí ordered transfer of the Báb to Chihriq.
- Farewell of the Báb to people of Máh-Kú after stay of 9 months.
Instructions given to Mullá Husayn concerning treasure in Mazindaran.
- Farewell of the Báb to Qambar-Alí.
Mullá Husayn's journey to Mazindaran (pp. 261-267)
- Mullá Husayn rejects the invitation of Alí-Khan to stay in his
house before his departure.
- Mullá Husayn visited every town and village and met with the
believers. In Tihrán he met again Bahá'u'lláh.
- Mullá Husayn reached Mazindaran, where he met Quddús in his
house, and where Quddús organized a dinner for Mullá Husayn and the
- Quddús inquired Mullá Husayn about his experiences with the Báb
- Mullá Husayn recognizes the station of Quddús by reading one of
his works. This was the Hidden Treasure hidden in Mazindaran.
- Reflection upon the grave mistake of Hájí Mirzá Aqásí and the
keen judgement of Mullá Husayn.
- Through keen insight Mullá Husayn was able to recognize the Báb
and sublime station of Quddús.
- Quddús gives instructions to Mullá Husayn to interview the
Sa'idu'l-'Ulamá and to go to Khurasan to build a house.
- Rejection of Sa'idu'l-'Ulamá to the Faith.
- Mullá Husayn builds a house called Bábíyyih, and through him
and Quddús, many new believers came to that house.
Táhirih's journey from Karbila to Khurasan (pp. 268-287)
- Although the Báb was imprisoned in Máh-Kú, God had lit two
lamps in the east (Quddús) and west (Táhirih). Bahá'u'lláh bade them both to come to Tihrán.
- Letter of the Báb to all believers in Persia to go to Khurasan.
Bahá'u'lláh was in Karbila teaching the Cause.
- Character of Táhirih, recognition of the Báb and her faith.
- Affectionate relationship between Táhirih and widow of Siyyid
- People who embraced the Cause through Táhirih:
- Shaykh Salíh
- Shaykh Sultan
- Shaykh Muhammad-i-Shibl
- Táhirih left with few other companions to Khurasan, ignoring
the advice of the ulama's of Karbila.
- From Karbila to Baghdad where she silenced the protestations of
leaders of different religions.
- Via Kirmanshah, she arrived in Hamadan, where ecclesiastical
leaders had different opinions about her. Her father asked her to come to Qazvin, which she reluctantly
- Staying in Qazvin in her father's house, Mullá Muhammad, her
cousin and ex-husband, asked her to move into his house, which she boldly
- Tension between Táhirih and Mullá Muhammad and his father, Hájí
- Story of Mullá Abdu'llah when he arrives in Qazvin and sees
suffering of man who was follower of Shaykh Ahmad and Siyyid Kázim.
- Mullá Abdu'llah inquired about treatment of Shaykhis from Hájí
Mullá Taqi himself, who denounced them.
- Mullá Abdu'llah murders Mullá Taqi in mosque.
- Many innocent people were taken into prison. Mullá Abdu'llah delivers himself as the
murderer into the hands of the Governor, asking that other prisoners be
released, which did not happen.
- Mullá Abdu'llah was secretly released by the Sahib-Divan and
took refuge in the house of Rida Khan.
- Family of Mullá Taqi turned their wrath to Táhirih. They ordered strict house confinement
and the prisoners to be sent to Tihrán and to be put to death.
- Bahá'u'lláh gave financial assistance to the prisoners in Tihrán
to relieve their sufferings. The Kad-Khuda was greedy and reported this to
- Those officials imprisoned Bahá'u'lláh hoping to receive
money. Ja'far-Quli-Khan intervened
without paying. First imprisonment of Bahá'u'lláh for few days.
- Family of Mullá Taqi wrote to Sháh to win his sympathy. Reply
of the Sháh was that only the murderer should be punished.
- Family appointed Shaykh Salíh as the murderer and was put to
death. He was the first martyr of the Faith in Persia.
- Hájí Mirzá Aqásí, convinced by Sahib-Divan, refused to listen
to the family of Mullá Taqi. Then
they turned to Sadr-i-Ardibili, arrogant ecclesiastical leader.
- Sadr-i-Ardibili asked the Sháh to send prisoners to Qazvin,
family forgive them and give freedom. Sháh complied that nothing should harm the prisoners.
- Family of Mullá Taqi killed Hájí Asadu'llah in Tihrán, saying
he got ill.
- Rest of companions was put to death immediately after their
arrival at Qazvin.
- Reflection on ecclesiastical leaders and low state of people
and their ruthlessness.
- Disapproval of Sháh and protest of Hájí Mirzá Aqásí, who was
happy that Sadr-i-Ardibili was removed from his position because of this.
- Mullá Muhammad was now Iman-Jum'ih of Qazvin, and turned his
wrath towards Táhirih. Challenge
of Táhirih, ignored by Mullá Muhammad.
- Plan of Bahá'u'lláh to free Táhirih and bring her to Tihrán.
- Muhammad Hadi successfully accomplished his mission to bring
Táhirih to Tihrán, and people of Qazvin were astounded by her challenge
and power of the Faith.
- Already recognition of Bahá'u'lláh by Táhirih.
- Bahá'u'lláh instructs his brother Aqay-i-Kalím to bring Táhirih
- Aqay-i-Kalím brings Táhirih and her attendant without problems
outside the gate of Tihrán and founds an orchard with a house where she could
- Bahá'u'lláh names orchard Bagh-i-Jannat (Garden of Paradise)
and was prepared for that reception.
- After 7 days, Táhirih leaves to Khurasan with Fata and few
Conference of Badasht (pp. 288-300)
- Bahá'u'lláh instructions to Aqay-i-Kalím to prepare for His
journey and care of His family.
- Intensive teaching done by Quddús and Mullá Husayn in Khurasan,
which led to agitation.
- Sufferings of attendant of Mullá Husayn to imitate Mullá
- Promise of Mullá Husayn to bring Hassan back.
- Cry of "Yá Sáhibu'z-Zamán!" in the streets of Mashhad.
- Free of Hassan by followers of Mullá Husayn.
- Prince Hamzih Mirzá ordered the arrest of Mullá Husayn, but his
captain refused because he was a great admirer of Mullá Husayn.
- Prince then ordered that Mullá Husayn should be the guest in
his camp for a while, assuring his safety.
- Quddús advises Mullá Husayn to accept the invitation of the
Prince and he himself left for Mazindaran, together with Mirzá Muhammad
- Mullá Husayn went to the camp of the Prince.
- Quddús told Mirzá Muhammad Baqir-i-Qa'ini to obey Mullá Husayn
whatever he might wish.
- Via Baddasht, Quddús went to Sháh-Rúd.
- Bahá'u'lláh met Quddús in Sháh-Rúd and together went to
- Bahá'u'lláh rented 3 gardens. One for Quddús, one for Táhirih,
and one for Himself. All 81 believers were guests of Bahá'u'lláh and He
gave each one of them a new name. Bahá'u'lláh named Himself Bahá.
- Each day abrogation of a law and repudiation of a
- Bahá'u'lláh got sick and believers gathered around Him.
Invitation of Táhirih to Quddús to see her who refused the invitation.
- Táhirih came into the tent unveiled.
- Reactions of believers of Táhirih being unveiled.
- Address of Táhirih to the assembled believers.
- Táhirih rebuked Quddús, and invited the believers to celebrate
the happy occasion.
- Different camps of followers of Táhirih and Quddús.
- Controversy between Táhirih and Quddús and reconciliation by
- Purpose of Conference had been achieved, to set aside the old
laws and welcome the birth of the New Day. They left to Mazindaran.
- Some believers wanted to take advantages of the repudiation of
old laws to fulfill their own desires. In village of Níyálá they were
tested and suffered sever injuries.
- Bahá'u'lláh's story of attack in Níyálá.
- Muhammad Sháh ordered the arrest of Bahá'u'lláh and determined
to put Him to death.
- Muhammad Sháh passed away and order to arrest became useless.
- Quddús confined in the Sárí and rest of his companions brought
the news of Badasht to their fellow believers.
The Báb's incarceration in the castle of Chihríq (pp. 301-308)
- Coherent with the stone attack in Niyala, the Báb suffered a
sever injury in Tabriz.
- Strict confinement in Chihríq by Yahyá Khán-i-Kurd.
- Soon also Yahyá Khán and the people of Chihríq became attracted
to the Báb and everybody was permitted to see Him.
- The Báb's example in business.
- Eminent people from Khuy embraced the Cause of the Prisoner and
proclaimed the Faith.
- Dream and conversion of Mirzá Asadu'lláh.
- Mirzá Asadu'lláh wrote treatise in support of the valídity of
the claim of the Báb. He got the name Dayyan and received tablet
- Bahá'u'lláh later in Akka explains the significance of this
Tablet which was not understood by the Bábis.
- Father of Mirzá Asadu'lláh reports about his son to Hájí Mirzá
- Conversion of a dervish from India, charm of his personalíty
and compelling power of his Faith.
- Order to transfer the Báb to Tabriz. Before that news arrived
the Báb, He already gave instructions to certain followers.
- Dervish, Qahru'llah, returned to his home country, alone,
refusing any company.
- Muhammad-Alíy-i-Zunuzi, named Anis wanted to meet Him, but his
stepfather confined him in his house.
- The Báb instructed Shakh-Hasan-i-Zunuzi to give Siyyid
Ibrahim-i-Khalíl all the Tablets which He revealed during Máh-Kú and
- Story of Anis and the dream about the Báb, choosing him to
share His Martyrdom with.
Examination of the Báb at Tabriz (pp. 309-323)
- The Báb was transferred to Tabriz via Urúmíyyih, where Malík
Qásim Mírzá accorded Him the warmest hospitalíty.
- Story of wildest horse to ride by the Báb to bathhouse. Prince tested his courage and power. Multitudes were attracted to the Báb.
- People rushed to get some water of the bath. Excitement in
Urúmíyyih, like Iman Alí in Adhirbayjan. Reference to Mullá Imán-Vardí.
- Fame of the Báb about His signs and wonders grew and rouse
exertions of ecclesiastical dignitaries, who felt losing their position.
- Excitement of people in Tabriz and the Báb was confined in a
house outside the city gate.
- Proclamation of the Báb as Qá'im to Azim, and announced that to
reveal tomorrow to Valí-‘Ahd, in midst of ‘ulamá's.
- Agitation of ‘Azím and complete recognition of ‘Azím.
- Meeting of high ecclesiastical leaders and Násiri'd-Dín Mirzá
set up by Hájí Mirzá Aqásí.
- Proclamation of the Báb in presence of ‘ulamá's and Násiri'd-Dín
Mirzá. Arrogant behavior of Mullá
Muhammad-i-Mamaqani, who was himself a follower of Siyyid Kázim.
- Nizamu'l-‘Ulamá asked the Báb openly to support His
proclamation, which He did, interrupted by Mullá Muhammad-i-Mamaqani as
- The Báb leaves the gathering.
- Displease of Nizamu'l-‘Ulamá about people of Tabriz. Stubbornness of Nizamu'l-‘Ulamá.
- Clergy decided to bastinado the Báb. This was done by Shaykhúl-Islam himself. He was cared by Dr. Cormick.
- Same year Shaykhúl-Islam died from paralysis. Description of Shaykhúl-Islam.
- Reflection upon actions and attitude of ecclesiastical leaders.
- The Báb was taken back to Chihríq and the meeting had enabled
the Báb to proclaim His Mission and to encourage His disciples.
- The Báb writes epistle to Hájí Mirzá Aqásí.
- Bahá'u'lláh recount of Hujjat delivering the Tablet to Hájí
Mazindaran Upheaval (pp. 324-377)
- Mullá Husayn left camp of Prince Hamzih Mirzá to Mashhad to
proceed to Karbila. He got sword and horse from Abdu'l-Alí Khan.
- Devotion of people of Mashhad through Mullá Husayn.
- Mullá Husayn received green turban of the Báb and instructed
him to help Quddús.
- Mullá Husayn hoisted the Black Standard and left to
Jazíriy-i-Khadrá with 202 companions and proclaimed the message in every
village they passed.
- Hájí Abdu'l-Majid, father of Badi became Babí.
- Short stop in Chashmih-Alí, story of tree and death of Muhammad
Sháh. Mullá Husayn warning to followers of trials ahead.
- Hatred and cruelty of mujtahid of Bárfurúsh, he gave speech and
stirred up the population against Mullá Husayn.
- Inhabitants prepared themselves for the encounter.
- Mullá Husayn ordered his companions to leave behind all their
belonging, only leave your steeds and swords.
- Encounter of Mullá Husayn and the people of Bárfurúsh.
- Story of Mullá Husayn courage and power and cutting tree, man
and gun in two.
- Mirzá Ahmad tells this story to Nabil.
- Report of Mirzá Muhammad and that the parts of the gun were
shown to the Amir-Nizam.
- Because of power and strength, Amir-Nizam used treachery to
defeat the companions in an inglorious defeat.
- Dead of Mullá Husayn was inspiration of poets.
- Description of Mullá Husayn's courage, will and strength
displayed in him, different than he used to be.
- Mullá Husayn after that stroke, was gone directly to Bárfurúsh,
made his way to those who attacked him and went directly to house of
mujtahid, addressing him for his cowardness.
- People of Bárfurúsh surrendered and arrival of companions of
Mullá Husayn in Bárfurúsh.
- Mullá Husayn address to people of Bárfurúsh after granting
their appeal for peace.
- Mullá Husayn went to caravanserai of Sabzih-Maydán and waited
for his companions to arrive.
- Death of three youth by sounding the adhan on the roof. They were shot by the enemy.
- Sudden attack of Mullá Husayn to the crowd around the
Sabzih-Maydan, which was left afterwards completely deserted.
- Nobles and chief of people beseeched the mercy of Mullá Husayn
and asked them to leave this city guaranteeing his safe leave.
- Breaking of the fast.
- Mullá Husayn had dinner with Abbás-Qulí Khán and Hájí Mustafá
Khán. Same night Sa'ídu'l-‘Ulamá ordered Khusraw-i-Qálí Kalá'í to kill the
- Abbás-Qulí Khán instructs Khusraw-i-Qálí Kalá'í to ensure safe passage of Mullá
Husayn and companions.
- Khusraw-i-Qálí Kalá'í meets Mullá Husayn and Mullá Husayn's
remarks about him.
- All leave in morning to Shír-Gáh, description of congregation.
They went through the forest.
- Treacherous behavior of Khusraw-i-Qálí Kalá'í by attacking and
death of Khusraw-i-Qálí Kalá'í.
- Death of soldiers and sending attendant of Khusraw-i-Qálí
Kalá'í to Bárfurúsh to tell happening and treachery of Khusraw-i-Qálí
Kalá'í to Abbás-Qulí Khán .
- Arrival at shrine of Shaykh Tabarsí, the Karbila of Mullá
Husayn and his companions. 12 October 1848.
- Dream of guarding of shrine about future happenings and joined
- Mullá Husayn instructed Mirzá Muhammad Baqir to design the fort
for their defense. Arrival and
defending from the people of Qádí-Kalá who fled right away.
- Following of those people. Death of innocent mother of Nazar Khan and apologies of Mirzá
- Nazar Khan invites Mirzá Muhammad-Taqí to his home and
expresses interest in meeting Mullá Husayn and to learn about the Cause.
- Conversion of Nazar Khan.
- Building of fort and futile attacks of neighboring villages.
- Arrival of Bahá'u'lláh in the fort and devotion of Mullá
- Bahá'u'lláh instructs Mullá Husayn to get Quddús in the fort
who was at that time captived by Mirzá Muhammad-Taqí.
- Departure of Bahá'u'lláh to Tihrán and assurance to Mullá
Husayn of victory.
- Liberty of Quddús, honoured guest of the mujtahid.
- Mullá Husayn informs his companions of coming of Quddús and
instructions of behaviour towards him.
- Description of Quddús' imprisonment and explanation of "Black
- Quddús teaching Mirzá Muhammad-Taqí.
- Arrival of Quddús at fort Tabarsí and welcome of companions.
- Prophesy fulfilled when Quddús leaned against the Shrine,
reference to Bahá'u'lláh.
- Three homilies written by Quddús, read aloud by Mullá Husayn.
Knowledge of Quddús referring to mission of Bahá'u'lláh.
- Devotion and emotion of Mullá Husayn towards Quddús and
fulfillment of prophecy.
- Counting of companions in the fort: 313, and fulfillment of
- Devotions and communication of Quddús with his
Well-Beloved. Reading and chanting
of writings of the Báb every morning and afternoon.
- Reference to sufferings of Job and the people in the fort.
- Leadership and authority of Quddús. Knowledge and writings of
- Curiosity of neighboring villages and jealousy of
Sa'ídu'l-‘Ulamá and strict orders not to associate with them.
- Sa'ídu'l-‘Ulamá pleas Násiri'd-Dín Sháh to lay down the Bábí
- Násiri'd-Dín Sháh ordered the eradication of the Bábís. Hájí Mustafa Khan-i-Turkaman informed
Sháh of weakness of group and only small army is needed.
- Abdul'llah Khan receives orders from Sháh to fight the Bábí's.
He reiased an army of about 12,000 and blocked bread and water to go into
- Barricades in front of fort to shoot anyone who left. Prophesy
of Quddús concerning rainfall and heavy snowfall.
- Rain and snow destroyed some of the ammunition of the enemy and
refreshed the fort with water for a long period.
- Quddús, Mullá Husayn and other companions decided to leave the
fort and scatter the army. After 45 minutes victory was raised, many
people fled, because of fear.
- Call of Quddús to Mullá Husayn to return to the fort, as no
necessary punishment is needed.
- No one of the Bábís was killed.
- Bábís dig a moat around the fort in 19 days, day and night.
- Arrival of Prince Mihdi-Quli Mirzá, sending a messenger to
Mullá Husayn asking his intentions. Mullá Husayn expresses the truth of the Cause and suggests the
clergy of Sari and Bárfurúsh to come and the Prince can decide who is
speaking the truth.
- However, after 3 days the Prince prepares to launch a big
attack on the fort.
- 202 companions rode without fear to the stronghold of the
- Mullá Husayn forced his way into the private apartment of the
prince who disgraceful escaped.
- Companies took the sword of prince to Mullá Husayn as a sign of
- Freedom of Mullá Yúsuf-i-Ardibí taking captive in prison on way
to the fort.
- Quddús was shot in the mouth. Heroism of Mullá Husayn and able
to have the entire army to flight.
- Companions went back to the camp and Quddús writes words of
cheer for the companions.
- Bahá'u'lláh sets out with some companions to fort Tabarsí.
- Arrest of Bahá'u'lláh and companions and taken to Amul.
- Interrogation of Bahá'u'lláh by ‘ulamá's of Amul, because governor
asked them. Embarrassment of ‘ulamás in criticizing work of Iman Alí.
- ‘Ulamás wishing Bahá'u'lláh and His companions to be put to
- Acting Governor instructed bastinado to Bahá'u'lláh and
companions and to put them in prison waiting for the Governor.
- Bahá'u'lláh intervened for Mullá Baqir (Letter of the Living),
Hájí Mirzá Jani and Mirzá Yahya, and suffered alone the bastinado.
- Similarities of sufferings between the Báb and Bahá'u'lláh and
unlimited love and devotion for each other.
- Bahá'u'lláh was freed from Mashid by acting governor and
transferred to private house of acting governor. Tumult when Siyyid and mob met the group.
- Apologies and devotion of acting governor to Bahá'u'lláh.
- Bahá'u'lláh's account on his imprisonment in the house of the
- Arrival of Governor in Amul and he rebuked ‘ulamás.
- Apologies of Governor, devotion towards Bahá'u'lláh. His heart
was changed of what he saw at fort Tabarsí. Safe departure to Tihrán.
- Reflections Hand of providence withholding Bahá'u'lláh from
Fort Tabarsí. Bahá'u'lláh actions, sacrifice and efforts for the Cause of
- Reflection on Bahá'u'lláh's as the prime mover of forces which
He released, and directed.
Mazindaran Upheaval (continued) (pp. 378-429)
- Forces of Prince recovered and prepared to make new attack. New
- In fort, companions dug well. Mullá Husayn invited those who want to partake of the cup of
- Mullá Husayn's joy and radiance in last moments of his life. Sortie
at midnight with 313 companions.
- Mullá Husayn successfully attacked several barricades. His
horse got stuck in rope of tent and Mullá Husayn was shot in his breast by
Abbás-Qulí Khán-i-Larijnani, who hid himself in a tree.
- Confidential conversation between Mullá Husayn and Quddús.
Mullá Husayn was carried unconscious, but while talking with Quddús sat on
his knees. Talked for 2 hours.
- Burial of Mullá Husayn by Quddús in inner room of shrine of
Shaykh Tabarsí on 2 February 1849 and other 36 martyrs at northern side of
- A total of 72 persons died from day arrival of Bárfurúsh until
death Mullá Husayn.
- Description on the accomplishments of Mullá Husayn and his
- Reordering of troops of Prince. Shortage of food and distribution of rice to companions.
Warning of Quddús.
- Mirzá Husayn-i-Mutavalli betrayed his companions and wrote
sealed letter to Abbás-Qulí Khán about situation fort and ease of defeat.
- Abbás-Qulí Khán killed the messenger and didn't divulge the
news to anyone else, but verified if it was true.
- Quddús ordered Mirzá Muhammad Baqir to set out and fight with
18 companions against Abbás-Qulí Khán who wanted the sole victory.
- Mirzá Muhammad Baqir scattered the forces and army fled. Fear of Abbás-Qulí Khán and shameful
- Unity and power of the companions and obedience to Quddús.
- Prince Mihdi-Quli Mirzá delighted to hear about defeat of
Abbás-Qulí Khán. Prince himself
ordered directly new equipment from Tihrán to ensure the victory himself.
- Feelings of joy and thanksgiving in the fort. More enthusiasm
- Quddús' actions in the fort: distribute food believers gave him
and continue with commentary.
- State of companions in the fort of the effect of Quddús.
- Cannon attack on the fort and words of Quddús concerning
station of companions, martyrdom and futile actions of enemy.
- Zeal of companions by words of Quddús and other companions were
- Booming of guns did not silence the companions of chanting
- Building of tower and placing of canon. Quddús ordered Mirzá
Muhammad Baqir to go out and bring humiliation on them.
- Destroy of tower and barricades by companions.
- Lack of food and eating of grass and leather.
- Attack to fort and Quddús ordered 36 companions to go out.
Reflection of Quddús about Holy War is staying besieged in the fort.
Exalted mission of the Faith.
- Victory of Mirzá Muhammad Baqir, 5 martyrs.
- Prince Mihdi-Quli Mirzá took counsel with chiefs of his staff
and decided to wait few days until they surrender.
- Messenger of Sháh from Khad meets friend Mullá Mihdi.
- Conversation between messenger and Mullá Mihdi and assurance of
prince of safe return if people wanted to leave.
- Some companions left the fort, of the assurance of the prince,
but were killed by Abbás-Qulí Khán.
- Request from Prince for two representatives for negotiations.
- Vow of the Prince of safety of companions when to settle peace
and wrote confirmation of promise in Qu'rán.
- Gave Qu'rán to Mullá Yusuf and informed him of reception for
Quddús and other that afternoon.
- Quddús instructed to prepare to leave the fort.
- Departure of Quddús and 202 companions to tent which the Prince
pitched up for them.
- Address of Quddús to companions to show forth exemplary
renunciation and detachment.
- Serving of food to Quddús and companions which was poor and not
enough. Quddús refrained from eating. Bad behavior of some companions.
- Prince reiterated his vow of the safe departure of the
companions. Quddús ordered his companions to disperse that night and
promise of reunion in the next world.
- Prince failed his promised and called Quddús and companions to
his headquarters. Attendants told companions to join him, but were sold as
- Death of Mullá Yusuf when refusing to inform companions of
false instructions of Quddús.
- Destruction of fort and massacre of companions who were killed
by bullets or swords or spears of the officers.
- Some men of recognized standing were sent to Tihrán to get a
ransom. Orders were put to death immediately: cut in pieces, bound to
trees and riddled with bullets, others blown from the mouths of cannons or
- Two companions and Siyyid Ahmad ushered in presence of Prince.
Dream of Mir Muhammad-Alí that his two sons will be martyred.
- Story of Karbila'i Alí and Karbila'i Abu-Muhammad about Black
Standard, and two sons of Karbila'i Abu-Muhammad: Abu'l-Qasim and Muhammad
- Interrogation by Prince of Siyyid Ahmad and Abu'l-Qasim and
Muhammad Alí, last two put to death and first one sent to Sang-Sar.
- Plea of Mirzá Muhammad-Taqí to put Siyyid Ahmad to death, but
Prince ordered Siyyid Ahmad to be a guest of him.
- Mirzá Muhammad-Taqí killed Siyyid Ahmad on he way to Sari.
- Prince and Quddús went to Bárfurúsh where city was celebrating
- Sa'idu'l-‘Ulamá stirred up the excitement of the people to have
Quddús killed; as the Prince didn't want that. Meeting of Prince with
- Interrogation of Quddús by ‘ulamás during that meeting.
- Prince left Quddús in hands of ‘ulamás and left.
- Cruel acts on Quddús, which even Jesus did not suffer during
- Mourning of the Báb when He heard of fort Tabarsí massacre and
martyrdom of Quddús. No revelation for 6 months. Description of Quddús' martyrdom.
- Quddús asking for forgiveness for people of Bárfurúsh, his
words to Siyyid-i-Qumi (traitor) and reference to his mother and his
wedding. His martyrdom.
- List of martyrs of fort Tabarsí.
Seven Martyrs of Tihrán (pp. 430-465)
- The news of the tragic fate of Tabarsí brought sorrow to the
heart of the Báb.
- For 5 months the Báb mourned and sorrowed and nothing was
revealed during that period.
- Praise and tablets for Mullá Husayn, Quddús and others.
- The Báb orders Mullá Adi-Guzl (Sayyáh) to go on pilgrimage on
His behalf to Mazindaran.
- Sayyáh goes on pilgrimage in January 1850 and then went to
- Account of meeting between Vahid and Sayyáh in the House of
Bahá'u'lláh and His favours towards Vahid.
- Account of Sayyáh about his failure to recognize Bahá'u'lláh at
- Letter to the Báb, dictated by Bahá'u'lláh and sent under Mirzá
Yahya's name was taken with Sayyáh. Reply of the Báb for education and
training of Mirzá Yahya.
- Account of Nabil about his early life.
- Nabil's bad experiences with ecclesiastical leaders.
- Nabil overheard a story of the Báb.
- Nabil meets Siyyid Husayn-i-Zavari and he accounts about his
conversation about the Báb.
- Nabil is setting out to Qum to meet Siyyid Isma'il-Zavari.
- Siyyid Isma'il-Zavari deepens Nabil's understanding of the
revelation of the Báb.
- Nabil leaves to Tihrán
- News of tragic fate of Fort Tabarsí and Nabil is forced to go
back to Zarand.
- Nabil goes back to Tihrán, where he met Mullá Abdu'l-Karim,
named by Bahá'u'lláh as Mirzá Ahmad.
- Mirzá Ahmad was a scribe and copies the Persian Bayan.
- Arrival of Táhirih in Tihrán.
- Nabil goes to the house of Bahá'u'lláh and recognizes the
unworthiness of Mirzá Yahya.
- Story of Nabil taking Abdu'l-Bahá to His classroom and bring a
message for Mirzá Yahya to Bahá'u'lláh.
- Nabil meets Hájí Mirzá Siyyid Alí, the Báb's maternal uncle and
is impressed by his nobility and serenity.
- Turmoil started in Tihrán, by one siyyid who filtered into the
Bábí community and gave 50 names of Bábís to the authorities, of which 14
- Nabil brings into safety some Sacred Writings from Mirzá Ahmad.
- Bahá'u'lláh instructs Mirzá Ahmad to leave to Qum and Nabil to
go to Zarand.
- Nabil leaves to Zaran and celebrates Naw-Ruz (1850) there,
which fell on the same day as the Declaration of the Báb.
- Nabil was confined to his home and Sadiq-i-Tabrizi arrived from
Tihrán and informed Nabil of the fate of the believers in Tihrán.
- 14 believers were confined for 22 days in the house of Mahmúd
Khán-i-Kalantar, where they were tortured. Story of Muhammad-Husayn-i-Marághi'í.
- Matter was referred to the Grand Vizir, who ordered execution
for those who would not recant. 7 of them recanted. The others are the
seven martyrs of Tihrán.
- 1. Hájí Mirzá Siyyid Alí, surnamed Khál-i-A'zam, maternal uncle
of the Báb who took care of the Báb.
- Conversation between Grand Vizir and Hájí Mirzá Siyyid Alí,
rejecting to recant and asked to be the first one to be martyred.
- Address of Hájí Mirzá Siyyid Alí to the crowd that Promised One
- Tale recounted of executioner who was greatly affected and
repented for his act.
- 2. Mirzá Qurban-‘Alí, native of Bárfurúsh, a dervish, was
considered the embodiment of virtue. Recount of his personalíty.
- Recount of his detachment and devotion.
- Conversation between Mirzá Qurban-‘Alí and Grand Vizir.
- Address to Grand Vizir and desire of Mirzá Qurban-‘Alí to
sacrifice his life for the Báb.
- Anger of Amir-Nizam.
- Address of Mirzá Qurban-‘Alí to the crowd.
- Martyrdom of Mirzá Qurban-‘Alí.
- 3. Hájí Mullá Isma'il-i-Qumí, native of Farahan, overview of
his life as a Bábí, characterized by detachment.
- Martyrdom of Hájí Mullá Isma'il-i-Qumí, while in devotion, and
bought some sweets.
- 4. Siyyid Husayn-i-Turshízí, mujtahid, conversion to the Bábí
- Martyrdom of Siyyid Husayn-i-Turshízí, who asked for a meeting
to show the truth, but was put to death by an officer with a dagger.
- 5. Hájí Muhammad-Taqiy-i-Kirmani angrily asked for his
- 6. Siyyid Murtadá, remembered his brother's martyrdom together
with Mullá Husayn.
- Muhammad-Husayn-i-Maraghi'í begged to be first executed before
the others. His affection for Hájí
- All three begged to precede one another and finally were
beheaded at the same time.
- Reflection on 7 martyrs of Tihrán.
- Nabil receiving the blessings of Bahá'u'lláh on 11 December
- Bahá'u'lláh recounts and give explanation of the verse "Turn
your eyes away".
- Táhirih goes to Khurasan.
- Táhirih in Badasht.
- Táhirih is unveiled at the conference of Badasht.
- Reactions of the companions by Táhirih unveiling herself.
- Recount of story in Amul of Bahá'u'lláh with a Mullá and his
- Bahá'u'lláh captive in Amul.
- Letter of Shaykh Abu-Turab to Bahá'u'lláh concerning release of
- The bad condition after the martyrdom of the seven martyrs.
- Burial of 7 martyrs in one grave.
- The Báb's analogy of the 7 goats walking before the Shepherd in
- Memorial year which witnessed martyrdom of the Báb, 7 martyrs
of Tihrán, fort Tabarsí and Nayriz.
The Nayriz Upheaval (pp. 465-499)
- Vahíd was unable to go to Fort Tabarsí and visited Bahá'u'lláh
in Tihrán frequently.
- Journey of Vahíd to Yazd and he was teaching with zest and
- Answer of Vahíd to a remark of one of his greatest adversaries,
Navváb-i-Radaví, at Naw-Ruz celebrations.
- Vahíd proclaimed fearlessly the Cause during the celebration of
- Dignitaries are silent and many people got attracted to the
Cause because of his proclamation.
- In Yazd and district, Vahíd was more hatred and on the other
hand, many people came to Vahíd for guidance and advice about new
- Navváb-i-Radaví convinced the Governor of the city to besiege
the house of Vahíd and sent a mob as well to threaten the visitors.
- Vahíd addresses the Bábí's in his house, while mob is outside
- Muhammad ‘Abdu'lláh dispersed the forces of the Governor and
mob, who fled in the fort of Nárín.
- Vahíd instructs Muhammad ‘Abdu'lláh to leave the city and not
fight with the enemy.
- Muhammad ‘Abdu'lláh ignored advice of Vahíd and didn't want to
abandon his friends.
- Muhammad ‘Abdu'lláh besieges the fort of Nárín.
- Navváb-i-Radaví raised a general upheaval and prepared to
attack the house of Vahíd. Vahíd sends one into the city to urge the
populace to accept the Cause of the Báb.
- Proclamation to the populace of the city.
- Citizens agreed not to attack Vahíd anymore.
- Navváb-i-Radaví directs attack to Muhammad ‘Abdu'lláh who gets
wounded and goes to the house of Vahíd.
- Vahíd send Mullá Muhammad-Riday to disperse the troops outside
- Mullá Muhammad-Riday successfully routed the enemy and Muhammad
‘Abdu'lláh came to Vahíd and was brought to a hidden place.
- Vahíd instructs his companions to disperse and secure their
safety. His house and furtinure
will be a sacrifice in the path of God.
- Vahíd instructs his servant Hasan to bring the Writings of the Báb
and his into safety.
- Hasan doesn't follow instructions and gets captive.
- Departure of Vahíd from Yazd and martyrdom of his servant Hasan
(blown from the mount of a cannon).
- Vahíd leaves to Nayríz and his house is destroyed. His brother
helps him on the way.
- Vahíd's teaching in different villages.
- If there is no receptivity in a village, Vahíd went on directly
with his journey.
- When Vahíd arrived in the village of Rúníz, many distinguished
people came from Nayríz at night to see Vahíd.
- They welcomed Vahíd, who deepened them in the Cause.
- The Governor of Nayríz threatened the people when giving
allegiance to Vahíd but in vain and Governor moved to Qutrih, out of
- Arrival of Vahíd in Nayríz and address of Vahíd to the
believers, who became on fire.
- Audience told Vahíd of their allegiance to the Cause and their
readiness to serve it, and asked Vahíd not to leave Nayríz so hastily.
- Crowd escorted joyfully Vahíd to his horse.
- Vahíd continued to address the people in the masjid the next
days and the number of his audience and his influence grew.
- Fury of the Governor and his orders to raise an army of 1000
man and to make Vahíd a prisoner.
- Vahíd ordered 20 companions to occupy the fort of Khájih and
appointed Shaykh Hádí as the leader.
- First victim of the army of the Governor was Mullá
‘Abdu'l-Husayn who was advanced in age and was shot in his foot.
- Several people were shaken in their faith by this sudden attack
and joined the enemy. Vahíd leaves
to the fort of Khájih.
- 1000 besieged the fort the next morning and a number of
companions of Vahíd successfully dispersed the army.
- 3 companions met their death in that encounter.
- Governor urges Vahíd to leave Nayríz. Vahíd replies why they treat them so cruelly and warms him
of a humiliating defeat of his army by the same of his companions.
- Companions of Vahíd successfully dispersed army and Governor
request more reinforcements.
- Vahíd organized the Fort.
- The Governor sends another petition to the Prince and includes
a personal gift. Mullá Báqir was
instructed by the Governor to deliver it.
- Hájí Siyyid Isma'il, companion of Vahíd took captive of Mullá
Baqir and brought him to Vahíd, he was later killed by his companions.
- Governor again appealed fervently to the Prince.
- Prince sends reinforcements to Governor.
- A bombardment of the fort and death of an officer of the army.
- Vahíd instructed next night to disperse the forces of the
enemy. Ghulám-Ridáy-i-Yazdí with
14 companions, and most of them were old men of advanced aged.
- Camp of the enemy was desolate and forsaken after successful
encounter of the companions. Cheering and support of the women of Nayriz.
- List of martyrs.
- Governor was unable to defeat the companions and will need to
- Written appeal from Governor to establish the truth of the
Cause, sealed by the Qu'rán.
- Vahíd accepts invitation, although he is aware of their
- Welcome of Vahíd in the camp and his address to the Governor
- Enemies kept peaceful and were afraid of fury of companions and
eloquence of Vahíd.
- Vahíd was requested to write letter to companions, but warns
them against evil plotting of enemy instead.
- Hájí Siyyid Abid treacherously brings letter to Governor and
asks him to convey to companions to go to home.
- Companions leave the fort and go to Nayriz.
- Companions were blocked by soldiers on the way to town, but
were able to go through it. Some suffered martyrdom.
- Officer in army opens fire on companions from Masjid.
- Companions did not know the fate and situation of Vahíd.
- Governor and his staff tried to conceal their oath and to kill
Vahíd. Abbás-Qulí Khán is willing
since he didn't make the oath.
- Vahíd was binded to a horse and dragged through the
streets. Comparison with Iman
- Matyrdom of 5,000 men, brutalíties to children and men,
destruction of fort of Khajih, and captives taken to Shiraz and Nayriz and
- Sufferings of Siyyid Jáfar-i-Yazdi, who was greatly respected
by the Governor himself.
- Great and esteemed men were cruelly tortured and martyred.
- Vahíd's martyrdom was on 29 June 1850.
The martyrdom of the Báb (pp. 500-526)
- Despite sufferings of Bábí community, heroism and loyalty was
still there. The Amir-Nizam
thought to put the Báb to death will root out His Cause.
- Amir-Nizam shares with his counselors his fears and hopes.
- Objection from minister of War and discussion between them.
- Amir-Nizam ignored the advice and instructs Navvah Hamzih Mirzá
to direct the Báb to Tabriz.
- The Báb entrusts Mullá Baqir some time ago His documents, pen
case, Tablets, etc, and a letter to Mirzá Ahmad.
- Mullá Baqir gives letter to Mirzá Ahmad, a beautiful scroll to
be given to Bahá'u'lláh in Tihrán.
- When the Báb was in Tabriz, Grand Vizir ordered Prince of
execution of the Báb.
- Refusal of prince and the brother of the Grand Vizir took over
- The Báb and His amanuensis moved to another confinement. Anis
Zunizi begs the Báb to join Him, as well as two other followers.
- Challenge of the Báb and selection of Mirzá Muhammad-‘Alí (Anis)
to share His martyrdom.
- Confidential conversation between the Báb and Siyyid Husayn.
Sudden interruption of the Farrásh-Bashi and claim of the Báb.
- Interrogation of Anis by the mujtahids.
- The Báb was brought before a muhjathid, who already issued the
- Another muhjathid already signed it.
- Third muhjathid also refused to meet the Báb and signed His
death warrant already. The Báb was brought to Sám Khán, now all sanctions
had been given.
- Mirzá Muhammad-‘Alí (Anis) joined the Báb again.
- Sám Khán is affected by the Báb and expresses his fear and
- Execution of the Báb.
- Disappearance of the Báb, and was found in His room, conversing
with Siyyid Husayn.
- Nabil's own account of the location etc.
- Refusal of Sám Khán to continue and he leaves the barracks
together with his troops.
- Aqá Jan Khán volunteered to carry out the execution and address
of the Báb to the multitude.
- The momentous events related to the Báb's Martyrdom had hardly
induced the people of Tabriz to think and reflect.
- Date of His Martyrdom.
- Bodies were thrown in a moat and guarded.
- Hájí Alí-Askar's account of his experience of seeing a sketch
drawn from the Báb's body.
- Hájí Sulayman Khan arrives in Tabriz and with the help of Hájí
Alláh-Yár succeeded in bringing the bodies into safety.
- Bahá'u'lláh instructs that the bodies be sent to Tihrán.
- Until Bahá'u'lláh went to Adrianople the bodies were kept in a
- Story and promise of Mirzá Aqa Khan-i-Nuri to protect the Faith
if he would regain his high position.
- Incorrect understanding of Mirzá Aqa Khan about martyrdom of
- Mirzá Aqa Khan explains about the high station of Bahá'u'lláh
to his son.
- Consequences and sufferings for the people of Persia, because
of the martyrdom of the Báb.
- Fate of Husayn Khan, governor of Shiraz.
- Fate of Hájí Mirzá Aqásí.
- Fate of the members of the regiment.
- Fate of the Amir-Nizám and his brother.
The Zanján Upheaval (pp. 527-581)
- Woes and sufferings of the Báb, and in addition the ‘storm of
Zanján', the most violent and devastating of them all.
- Early life of Hujjat
- Hujjat taught his disciples in the Qu'rán for 17 years.
- Conversion of Hujjat to Bábí Faith, and new plans of attacks
from his enemies.
- Letters to Muhammad Sháh from his enemies complaining about
- Hujjat and his enemies were invited to Tihrán to explain and
defend the accusations. Hujjat wins the full confidence of the Sháh and
returns to Zanján.
- Return in Zanján, hostility multiplied and zeal of his friends
- Hujjat receives Tablet of the Báb, conferring upon the name
"Hujjat", and urged him to proclaim the fundamental teachings of His
- Confrontation between Iman-Jumih and Hujjat for leading the
- Ulumas join hands with Iman-Hum'ih, and ask Hájí Mirzá Aqásí to
plead with Muhammad Sháh to have Hujjat leave the country. Hujjat is being
ordered to Tihrán.
- Hujjat sends messenger to the Báb, when He was close to Tihrán,
and offered to rescue Him. The Báb
declined and promise of meeting Him in the next world.
- Hujjat goes to Tihrán, and the Báb leave that area.
- Instruction of the Báb to believers not to rescue Him, and even
avoid Him where ever He went.
- Believers could not resist meeting the Báb.
- The Báb was taken to Zanján to pass the night, where a multitude
of people hath gathered to see the Báb.
- Conversion of Mirzá Muhammad-Alí, who received the Báb lovingly
in the caravanserai.
- Instructions of the Báb to Mirzá Muhammad-Alí to leave for
Hamadan and prophesy that the town he was in will be thrown in a great
- Open proclamation of the Cause of the Báb by Hujjat to Hájí
Mirzá Aqásí in Tihrán.
- Muhammad Sháh conveyed special meeting for Hujjat to indicate
his position in the presence of the ‘ulumás of Tihrán.
- Meetings with ‘ulumás and eloquently victory of Hujjat in
proclaiming the truth of the Cause.
- Hujjat receives favours of Muhammad Sháh and Hájí Mirzá Aqásí
conceals his envy and resentment towards Hujjat.
- Hujjat is virtually a prisoner in Tihrán and instructs
believers in Zanján to observe with absolute loyalty the admonitions of
- Believers became inflamed with his wishes and gave up their
former customs and practice for the new claims.
- Inability of Hujjat to join the companions of fort of Tabarsí,
and close association of Hujjat with Bahá'u'lláh in Tihrán.
- Muhammad Sháh passed away, throne followed by his son
Násiri'd-Dín Sháh who tried to destroy Hujjat. Hujjat leaves in disguise
- Arrival of Hujjat in Zanján and behaviour of the Governor of
Zanján towards him.
- Imprisonment of child of one of the believers by the Governor
and protest of Hujjat.
- Hujjat sends Mir Jalíl to protest to Governor.
- Protest of ‘ulamás and their demand to arrest Hujjat.
- Two men volunteered to arrest Hujjat, while ‘ulumás excited the
- Mir Saláh unexpectedly confronted the man and frightened the
whole band away.
- Tremendous force of "Yá Sáhibu'z-Zamán!" and the fear of the
- Martyrdom of Shaykh Muhammad-i-Tub-Chi, killed by the band,
governor and muhtjahid.
- Further inflame of hostility of ‘ulumás and governor towards
Hujjat and companions. Warming of
death danger if you choose for Hujjat.
- Zanján was divided by two camps: 1. Followers of Hujjat and 2.
enemies of Hujjat: divines, governor. Every tie of wordly affection seemed to be dissolving on that day.
- Address of Hujjat to his companions, for to flee to do it now.
- Governor recruited 3,000 men, and Hujjat and his companions
moved to the fort of Alí-Mardan Khan.
- Mir Ridá, asked Hujjat to take the governor as a prisoner, but
- Governor wanted to leave Zanján, but a Siyyid convinced him to
stay, but he himself suffered a humiliating defeat.
- Numbers of attacks to the fort were all easily defended by the
companions who were instructed not to shed unnecessary blood.
- Amir-Nizam ordered one general, Sadru'd-Dawliy-i-Isfani to
support the government forces in Zanján.
- Great defeat of Sadru'd-Dawliy by the companions of Hujjat.
- Only the merchants of Zanján were interested in the
continuation of the besiege, so they could sell for extra-ordinary high
prices provisions to companions of Hujjat.
- Though oppressed with hunger, companions erected 28 barricades.
- Promise of rewards and honour from the enemy when they would
renounce faith, and denial of companions.
- Courage and faith of Zaynab, who dressed in man's clothes to
join the companions in battle.
- Interview between Hujjat and Zaynab.
- Hujjat gives Zaynab the name Rustam-Alí, and allows her to join
the rank of companions.
- Heroism and courage of Zaynab during defense of the fort.
- Zaynab begs Hujjat to give her life and to help some of the
- Martyrdom of Zaynab.
- Hujjat instructs companions to say 19 times 5 verses, of which
effect was tremendous and overpowering to the enemy.
- Statement of Hujjat regarding his aim and loyalty to the Cause.
- Contrast between spirit and deeds between companions in fort
and soldiers in camp.
- Continuation of prayer, despite losses suffered by their
- Letter from Hujjat addressed to Násiri'd-Dín Sháh and his
request for justice.
- Other companions also wrote similar appeals.
- Governor intervened messenger of these petitions. Killed
messenger and sent forged letters to the Sháh.
- Sháh sent 2 regiments to destroy Hujjat and his companions.
- News of the Báb's martyrdom and the efforts of the enemy to
have the companions recant their faith.
- The Amir-Tuman, head of 5 regiments was commissioned to
demolish the fort and wipe all its occupants.
- Interview between Siyyid ‘Alí-Khan and Hujjat, and Aziz Khan
denounces Hujjat before the farrash, to save his own life.
- Resumption of hostilities with the arrival of Amir-Tuman, with
a greater number of regiment then before.
- Failure of Amir-Tuman and treat of the Amir Nizam.
- Victory of the companions, 300 companions suffered martyrdom,
great battle and important role of women.
- Mushin, who calls for prayer (Adhan), and the effect on the
people of Zanján.
- Mujtahid of Zanján bribed Amir-Tuman to kill Mushin.
- Death of Mushin.
- The marriages of a number of youth in the fort and their desire
- 200 youth married and all found martyrdom, since none hesitated
the call for battle. The Báb names
Zanján the Ard-i-A‘la (The Exalted Spot).
- Martyrdom of youth who was conducted into the presence of the
- Story of Ashraf and his mother. Courage and fortitude of mother
and her admonitions to her son to be steadfast.
- Consuming enthusiasm of companions and labored with unabating
fervour to strengthen the defenses of the fort.
- Spirit of solidarity and heroism of their acts made the enemy believe
that their power was unshakable and their resources inexhaustible.
- Amir-Tuman, recognizing that he could not defeat his opponents
honourably, decided to use treachery.
- False promise, sealed by the Qu'rán, to those leaving the fort
that they would be safe.
- Hujjat receives appeal and consults with his chief companions.
Hujjat sends small group to test sincerity, although he knows their
- Story of survivor relating meeting of group of companions with
- Rough address of Amir-Tuman and eloquent defense by one of the
- Lieutenant's advice to Amir-Tuman and question of Darvish
- Escape of survivor, children and companions were taken
prisoner, and treacherous behaviour of a brother of a companion.
- Hujjat meets with the boy and related prophesies from the
- Address of Hujjat to companions to find safety for themselves
and their wives.
- Loyalty of companions.
- A few departed the fort to find safety outside the fort.
- Fresh offensive of Amir-Tuman to the fort.
- Whole month continues attack and suffering of companions.
- Arrival of Alí Khan-i-Karrusi, and severe bombardment of the
fort. Valour and skills of companions.
- Injury of Hujjat in his right arm.
- Hujjat calms his wife and relatives and to resign to God's
- Capture of 100 women and children and sufferings and ridicule
they had to experience in the harsh winter.
- Capture of the fort by the enemy. Reordering of companions and
power of their spirits, while scattering the forces.
- Demoralization of the enemy and to level of self-renunciation
of the companions. Amir-Tuman took
counsel with his officers.
- Plan of Amir-Tuman to destroy dwellings of Hujjat and thus
force complete surrender.
- Death of the wife of Hujjat and his baby Hádí by a cannonball
which hit their house.
- Reflection of Hujjat on his suffering and his joy of
sacrifice. How can my sacrifices
be compared with the blessings which the recognition of Thy Manifestations
has bestowed upon me?
- Sufferings of Hujjat wanted the companions for revenge. But Hujjat exhorted them to resign
themselves to the will of God.
- Passing of Hujjat while in prayer on 8 January 1851.
- Burial of Hujjat in secret room.
- Only 200 companions remained, the rest died or injured. Women were taken into Hujjat's house.
- Fierce attack of the enemy when notified that Hujjat died and
the struggle of the companions.
- The ‘ulumás of Zanján encouraged tumult and plunder, which
could not be coltrolled by Amir-Tuman or governor.
- Harsh imprisonment of captives in a house and bad treatment of a
mujtahid for the women.
- Release of women, except family of Hujjat until instructions
- Sufferings till death of wounded companions.
- Barbarism and cruelty of army against remaining survivors and
cry of Hájí Muhammad-Husayn what made the Iraqi regiment resign.
- Sufferings and martyrdom of companions.
- Governor succeeds in convincing Hujjat's son of 7 years old to
conceal the burial place of Hujjat. Indignities heaped upon his body and
fate of his kinsman.
- Nabil's personal account of fort and Zanján.
- Estimate of number of martyrs: 1598 + 202 = 1800
- Sources of events in Zanján .
- Sources of events in Mazindaran.
- Sources of events with Vahid.
Bahá'u'lláh's journey to Karbila (pp. 582-594)
- Enrichment of episodes with Bahá'u'lláh's comments.
- Nabil enters into Bahá'u'lláh's presence while He is visiting
His brother Aqay-i-Kalím on 9 January 1889.
- Bahá'u'lláh's exhortation for moderation and admonition for
- Bahá'u'lláh never concealed His Cause; shameful behaviour of
the people of Bayan.
- Bahá'u'lláh relates story and experience about being taken
captive before Fort Tabarsí.
- Denunciations made towards Bahá'u'lláh and Bahá'u'lláh while in
- Bahá'u'lláh narrates his imprisonment, sufferings and his
withdrawal in the mountains of Kurdistan.
- Bahá'u'lláh returns to Baghdad and revives the Bábí community
and proclaims His Revelation.
- Rumours of death of Bahá'u'lláh, and his safe arrival in Akka.
- Bahá'u'lláh writes Tablets to several rulers from the Most
- Before someone recognizes Bahá'u'lláh, he must have done
something, which God made him recognize the Truth.
- Nabil's search of Mirzá Ahmad, amanuensis of the Báb.
- Nabil was the bearer of a Tablet to be given to Ildirim Mirzá
from Mirzá Ahmad.
- Bahá'u'lláh prophesized that faith of Ildirim Mirzá was
- Life and conversion of Siyyid Basir.
- Teaching activities of Siyyid Basir.
- Unerring exactitude and knowledge of Siyyid Basir in his
- Martyrdom of Siyyid Basir and later the death of Ildirim Mirzá.
- Bahá'u'lláh leaves from Tihrán to Baghdad.
- Bahá'u'lláh's instructions to Nabil and Mirzá Ahmad.
- Story of events of Nabil and Mirzá Ahmad.
- Bahá'u'lláh's arrival at Karbila and his transformative
influence upon certain individuals by teaching the Cause of the Báb.
- Bahá'u'lláh revealed His station to Hasan-i-Zunuzi.
- Story of Mirzá Abdu'l-Vahhab-i-Shirazi.
- Experiences of Shaykh Alí-Mirzáy-i-Shirazi of influence of
presence of Bahá'u'lláh.
Attempt on the Sháh's life, and its consequences (pp. 595-650)
- Teaching activities of Bahá'u'lláh in Iraq and inspiring the
- Death of Amir-Nizam and list of his cruelties towards the Bábís
made during his life.
- Successor is Mirzá Aqa Khan-i-Nuri who wanted reconciliation
between government and Bahá'u'lláh.
- Bahá'u'lláh was honoured guest of Grand Vazir in Tihrán.
- Azim meets Bahá'u'lláh.
- Attempts on life of the Sháh by two irresponsible youth.
- Outbreak of persecutions and Bahá'u'lláh was thrown in dungeon
for 4 months.
- Divines of Persia renewed their attack and convincing the
authorities and accusing the Bábís.
- Jafar-Quli Khan (brother of Grand Vazir) suggest to Bahá'u'lláh
to remain concealed for a while until passion of populace has subsided.
- Bahá'u'lláh, however, sets out and arrives at the village of
Zarkandih, seat of the Russian legation.
- Russian minister trusted Bahá'u'lláh to the house of the Grand
Vazir, and held him responsible for His safety.
- Mirzá Aqa Khan was too concerned about the safety of his own
- Minister's daughters distressed and promise of the minister.
- Confusion and state of tumult in the capital.
- Enemies are now focused on Bahá'u'lláh.
- Bahá'u'lláh's sufferings while being deported to the
Síyáh-Chál. Story of an old woman
throwing a stone into Bahá'u'lláh's face.
- Description of Síyáh-Chál and sufferings of Bahá'u'lláh.
- Fate of Sadiq-i-Tabrizi and Fathu'llah-i-Hakkák-i-Qumí, the
youth attacking the Sháh.
- Fate of Hájí Qasim, comrade of the two youth, and injustice
brought upon the Bábís.
- Similar martyrdom Hájí Sulaymán Khan and Hájí Qasim, and
ruthlessness of people in attacking Bábís.
- Life and deeds of Sulaymán Khan and his influence over
Amir-Nizam who ignored his acts.
- Rumour of repentance of the Amir-Nizam and inclination of his
successor, Mirzá Aqa Khan for reconciliation, until attempt on life of the
- Story of Abdu'l-Bahá when he was a little boy, and the brave
and fearless deed of Abdu'l-Bahá.
- Description of martyrdom of Hájí Sulaymán Khan, a martyrdom
which he himself could decide: 9 candles in his body and his body to hew
- Sulaymán Khan describes his wish how to be martyred, so that
the people could recognize the Báb.
- Eagerness of Sulaymán Khan to die, that he wanted to put the
candles in his own body.
- Sulaymán Khan requested to place the candles as he wanted and
remained completely silent and steadfast.
- Statements of Sulaymán Khan during his march to his martyrdom.
- Impression of his words.
- Sulaymán Khan's reaction when the candles burnt his flesh.
- Sulaymán Khan martyrdom by cutting his body in half.
- Martyrdom stirred the listeners to the very depths of their
- Táhirih propetised her own upcoming martyrdom and shares her
last wishes with the wife of Kalantar.
- Táhirih was ordered to leave her apartment.
- She was taken away to the place of her martyrdom.
- Arrival of Táhirih in the Ilkhani garden where the Sardar was
- Martyrdom of Táhirih, being strangled with her silken
kerchief. Burial of Táhirih in a
- Sorrow of wife and son of Kalantar over Táhirih's death.
- Reflection on the life of Táhirih and meditation on the source
of that special life.
- Delivery of package of Táhirih to an unknown but expected
- Ode to Táhirih.
- Martyrdom of Siyyid Husayn-i-Yazdi, amanuensis of the Báb.
- Bahá'u'lláh's account of the conditions of Síyáh-Chál.
- Refusal to accept the meat which the Sháh offered to the
- Each day one of the companions suffered martyrdom.
- Recount of a dream of Mirzá ‘Adbu'l-Vahháb-i-Shirází and
interpretation by Bahá'u'lláh.
- Martyrdom of Mirzá ‘Adbu'l-Vahháb.
- Anger of Sháh's mother and Bahá'u'lláh was saved by the Divine
- Betrayal of a youth called Abbas, who identified Bábís.
- Abbas was not able to betray Bahá'u'lláh and failed attempted
- Azim is accussed of prime mover of attempt on life of the Sháh.
- Protest of Russian minister to Grand Vazir.
- Grand Vazir agrees with proposal of the Russian minister.
- Azim admits attempt on the life of the Sháh.
- Confession of Azim was recorded, which led to Bahá'u'lláh's
- Death of Azim, and Hájí Mirzá Jani.
- Turmoil in Mazindaran and stealíng of Bahá'u'lláh's
- Enemies' intention to destroy influence of Bahá'u'lláh in
- Sháh orders Grand Vazir to repress Bábís in Mazindaran.
- Grand Vazir sends out Sháh-Sun regiment, headed by
Husayn-Alí-Khan and supreme command to Mirzá Abu-Talíb to the village of
- Instructions of Grand Vazir to Husayn-Alí-Khan to use wisdom to
set the noble example for Mirzá Abu-Talíb.
- Mirzá Abu-Talíb, overtaken by pride and enthusiasm orders
attach on village of Takur, despite begging of Husayn-Alí-Khan.
- Mirzá Abu-Talíb refused appeal of Mirzá Hasan, his
brother-in-law, and stated that massacre will happen.
- Men left village and women went into house of Mirzá Hasan.
- Destruction of House of Bahá'u'lláh.
- Destruction of village and capture of only a few prisoners.
- End of Mirzá Abu-Talíb, the only person taking care of him was
- Whole of Persia was in shock that great convulsion and Bábís
were cruelly persecuted.
- Companions of Mirzá Alí decided to kill Zaynu'l-‘Abidín Khán,
- Capture of Bábís and were taken to Tihrán.
- Cruel martyrdom of those Bábís.
- 200 heads of killed Bábís in Shiraz were intended to be brought
- Great and horrific and unspeakable savageries inflicted upon
the Bábís during those years.
- Order of release of Bahá'u'lláh.
- Shock of representative of Grand Vazir when seeing Bahá'u'lláh
in the Síyáh-Chál.
- Bahá'u'lláh's refusal to war mantle of representative and
proceeded directly to Grand Vazir.
- Bahá'u'lláh meets Grand Vazir.
- Bahá'u'lláh tells Grand Vazir to stop the killing and
persecution of the Bábís.
- Bahá'u'lláh was ordered to leave Persia within a month.
- Bahá'u'lláh leaves for Baghdad.
Epilogue (pp. 651-668)
- The Faith of the Báb had sunk to its lowest ebb with the
banishment of Bahá'u'lláh.
- Review of the life of the Báb listing all His sorrows and
- Calamities and sorrows of His followers.
- Fate of His capable followers, and His Writings.
- Hopes that Bahá'u'lláh could revive Faith were vanished when He
was banished from Persia.
- Násiri'd-Dín Sháh believed he finally crushed the Bábí
- Also for the remaining followers, it seems that the Cause of
the Báb was finished.
- Násiri'd-Dín Sháh set the task of rescuing his country from
this and future heresies.
- However, instead of being destroyed, the Cause was passing
through the fiery tests of a phase of transition, leading to an even
- The birth of the Revelation of Bahá'u'lláh.
- Disillusions of the Sháh, when the Bahá'í Faith revived to
- Great progress of the Faith, which could not be imaged by Nabil
when writing his narrative.
- Future achievements that are in store for the Bahá'í Faith.
- Whatever may befall this Cause, it will march onwards and shall
be completely redeemed.