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||Marion Jack arrived in Sofia, Bulgaria, to begin her pioneering service.
||The passing of George Adam Benke (b. Fredericksfelt, south Russia in 1878) in Sofia, Bulgaria. Shoghi Effendi declared him to be "the first European martyr. [BW5p416-418, LDG1p263]
He had become a Bahá'í as a result of the visit of Harlan and Grace Ober to Leipzig in 1920 and the further efforts of Miss Alma Knoblock. [BW5p416]
He translated the works of Bahálláh that had been translated into Russian by Thomansky and Rosenberg.
In June of 1931 he was called upon to help Marion Jack in Sofia where is knowledge of Russian facilitated his efforts. He stayed for three months.
Again in 1932 he was asked to go to Sofia where he passed away after a very short period of discomfort.
||George Benke; In Memoriam
|1932 23 Nov
||George Adam Benke passed away in Sofia, Bulgaria.
Shoghi Effendi called him the first European martyr. [LDG1:263; MC359]
For his obituary see BW5:416–418.
Photo 1 of his gravesite in Sofia.
Photo 2 of his headstone.
||George Adam Benke; Names and titles; Martyrs; Firsts, Other
|1934 (In the year)
||The first Local Spiritual Assembly of Sofia, Bulgaria, was elected.
|1954 25 Mar
||The passing of Marion Jack (General Jack) (b. St. John, New Brunswick) at her pioneer post in Sofia, Bulgaria at the age of 87. She had been at her post since 1931. [BWNS385; Never be Afraid to Dare p. 227]
Shoghi Effendi called her ‘a shining example to pioneers of present and future generations of East and West’. [CF163]
For her obituary see BW12:674–7.
See also BFA2155; MC359.
For a photo of her gravestone see CBNOct1972p.10.
See Bahá'í Chronicles for a biography.
For a photo by the Bahá'ís of Sofia see BW5p464.
See also Marion Jack: Immortal Heroine by Jan Jasion
See CBNOctober1979 for tributes as well as a photo of her gravesite.
||Marion Jack; Pioneers; In memoriam; Births and deaths; Pioneers; BWNS
||The National Spiritual Assembly of Bulgaria was formed with its seat in Sofia. [CBN Jan92 p2, BINS270:1; BW92–3:119; VV121]
For picture see BINS279:9.
|1996 23 – 24 Mar
||The first National Women's Seminar of Bulgaria was held in Sofia, organized by the European Task Force for Women. [BINS365:8]
||Conferences, Bahai; Conferences, Women; Women; First conferences
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