Outlines of the Qur’án by Suráh from Reverend E. M. Wherry’s 1896 edition

Note: Outlines were introduced in the print copy in each chapter as “Analysis of the Chapter as to its Teaching” or “Principal Subjects”

Note2: the verses below reflect Wherry’s adoption of the versification scheme of the Roman Urdú edition of Malvi Abdul Qádir’s translation and have not been altered yet to reflect Rodwell’s versification scheme as we use elsewhere at this site (in the Multilinear Qur’án, in many versions presented here by Sale (which originally had no versification), and in the Rodwell translation itself that we’ve made available on-site), but hopefully the availability of the mere ordering of content (according to Wherry) will be useful or inspire someone to undertake the work of changing the verse numbers below (and even adding links to the beginning of the respective set of verses).

Suráh 1 - No Outline provided (though discussed in detail)

Suráh 2

Unbelievers and hypocrites reproved verses 1-20
Exhortation to the worship of the true God 21-38
Jews and Christians urged to accept the claim of Muhammad 39-102
           to be a prophet of God
The opposition of Jews and Christians to Muhammad’s prophetic 102-112
           pretensions [sic] combated
The doctrine of abrogation enunciated 113
A Qibla declared to be unnecessary 115
The Jews denounced and the religion of Abraham declared to be 116-141
           the true Islám.
The Jews finally abandoned and the Arabs accepted by the 142-153
           adoption of Makkah as the Qibla of Islám
The bereaved friends of those slain at Badr comforted 154-163
Makkans exhorted to faith in God, and directed to observe the law 164-172
           respecting forbidden meats
Law concerning lawful and unlawful food (delivered at Madína) 173-176
The sum of Muslim duty 177
The law of retaliation 178, 179
The law concerning bequests 180-182
The law concerning fasting 183-185
The fast of Ramadhán 186, 187
The pilgrimage to Makkah and war for the faith 188-202
Hypocrites and true believers contrasted 203-206
Exhortation to a hearty acceptance of Islám 207, 208
The doom of infidels pronounced 209
The Jews reproached 210-212
Suffering to be patiently endured 213
Sundry laws relating to almsgiving, war, wine, lots, orphans, 214-242
           marriage, women, oaths, and divorce
The duty of warring in defence of religion enjoined by precept, and 243-253
           illustrated by the history of former prophets
The Throne Verse 254-257
The doctrine of the resurrection illustrated 258-260
Exhortation and encouragement to almsgiving 261-274
Usury forbidden 275-277
The law concerning contracts and debts 278-284
The prophet’s confession and prayer 285, 286

Suráh 3

God one and self-existent verses 1, 2
The Qurán to be believed 3, 4
God omniscient 5, 6
Plain and obscure verses of the Qurán 7
The prayer of those versed in Quránic mystery 8, 9
The punishment of Pharaoh a warning to infidels 10, 12
The victory at Badr alluded to 13
The faithful, their character and reward 14-18
Islám the true religion 19, 20
The punishment of unbelievers eternal 21-25
God omnipotent and sovereign 26, 27
Obedience to God enjoined 28-34
The Virgin Mary–her conception–nurtured by Zacharias 35-38
John Baptist, his birth 39-41
Christ announced to the Virgin–his miracles–apostles, &c. 42-57
Muhammad’s dispute with the Christians of Najrán 58-65
The hypocritical Jews reproached 66-77
Prophets not to be worshipped 78-83
God’s curse on infidels 84-91
Almsgiving enjoined 92
The Jews unlawfully forbid certain meats 93-95
The Kaabah founded 96, 97
Muslims are warned against the friendship of Jews, &c. 98-105
The lot of infidels and believers contrasted 106-109
Muslims safe from the enmity of Jews and Christians 110-112
Certain believing Jews commended for their faith 113-115
Muslims not to make friends of Jews and Christians 116-120
The battle of Ohod alluded to 121, 122
Disheartened Muslims encouraged 123-129
Usury forbidden 130-136
The doom of calumniators of the apostles 137, 138
Islám not dependent on Muhammad for success 139-144
The former prophets are examples of perseverance 145-148
Unbelievers to be avoided 149-151
Certain Muslims disobedient at Ohod 152-154
The hypocrites rebuked 155-157
Muslims slain at Ohod to enter paradise 158, 159
Mild treatment of vacillating Muslims 160, 161
The spoils of war to be honestly divided 162-165
The faithful sifted by defeat at Ohod 166-169
The joy of the Ohod martyrs in paradise 170-172
Certain Muslims commended for faithfulness 173-176
The fate of unbelievers 177-180
The miser’s doom 181
Scoffing Jews denounced–they charge Muhammad with 182-190
Meditations and prayers of the pious 191-195
God’s answer to the prayers of the pious 196-198
Certain believing Jews and Christians commended 199
Exhortation to patience and perseverance 200
Suráh 4

Man and his Creator 1
Orphans, the duty of guardians to such 2-5
The law of inheritance 6-13
The punishment of adulteresses 14, 15
Repentance enjoined 16, 17
Women’s rights 18, 19
Forbidden and lawful degrees in marriage 20-27
Gaming, rapine, and suicide forbidden 28-30
Man’s superiority over woman recognised 31-33
Reconcilement of man and wife 34
Parents, orphans, the poor, &c., to be kindly treated 35, 36
Hypocrisy in almsgiving condemned 37-41
Prayer forbidden to the drunken and polluted 42
Jewish mockers denounced 43-45
Idolatry the unpardonable sin 46-53
The rewards of faith and unbelief 54, 55
Trusts to be faithfully paid back 56
Disputes to be settled by God and his Apostle 57-68
Precautions, &c., in warring for the faith 69-74
The disobedient and cowardly reproved 75-84
Salutations to be returned 85
Treatment of hypocrites and apostates 86-90
Believers not to be slain or plundered 91-93
Believers in heathen countries to fly to Muslim lands 94-99
Special order for prayer in time of war 100-102
Exhortation to zeal for Islám 103
Fraud denounced 104-114, 133
Idolatry and Islám compared 115-125
Equity in dealing with women and orphans enjoined 126
Wives to be subject to the will of husbands 127-129
God to be feared 130-132
Muslims exhorted to steadfastness 134-138
Hypocrites to be shunned 139-143
The reward of hypocrisy and belief compared 144-151
Presumptuous and disobedient Jews destroyed 152-154
The Jews calumniate Mary and Jesus 155-158
Certain kinds of food forbidden to Jews as punishment 159, 160
Muhammad’s inspiration like that of other prophets 161-168
Christians reproved for their faith in Jesus as the Son of God and 169-174
           in the doctrine of the Trinity
The law of inheritance for distant relatives 175
Suráh 5

Covenants are to be fulfilled 1
Lawful meats 2
Heathen pilgrims not to be molested 3
Islám completed–last revelation of the Qurán 4
Certain kinds of food, gaming, and lots forbidden 4, 5
Muslims permitted to eat the food of Jews and Christians, and 6
           to marry their women
The law of purifications 7
Believers reminded of the covenant of Aqabah 8
Muslims should forget old quarrels with brethren 9-11
God’s favour to Muslims 12
Disobedience of Jews and Christians exposed 13-15
Jews and Christians are exhorted to accept Islám 16-18
The divinity of Christ denied 19, 20
Jews and Christians not the children of God 21
Muhammad sent as a warner 22
Israel’s rebellion at Kadesh Barnea 23-29
The story of Cain and Abel 30-34
The sin of homicide 35, 36
The punishment of theft accompanied by apostasy 37, 38
The faithful exhorted to fight for religion 39
The punishment of infidels 40, 41
The penalty of theft 42-44
Muhammad to judge the Jews and Christians by the law, 45-55
           gospel, and the Qurán
Muslims forbidden to fraternise with Jews and Christians 56
Hypocrites threatened 57, 58
Believers warned and instructed 59-61
Muslims not to associate with infidels 62, 63
The Jews exhorted and warned 64, 65
The hypocrisy and unbelief of the Jews rebuked 66-69
Promises to believing Jews and Christians 70
Muhammad required to preach 71
He attests Jewish and Christian Scriptures 72
Believing Jews, Sabeans, and Christians to be saved 73
The Jews rejected and killed the prophets of God 74, 75
The doctrines of the Trinity and Christ’s Sonship rejected 76-81
Disobedient Jews cursed by their prophets 82-84
Jewish hatred and Christian friendship compared 85-88
Muslims to use lawful food, &c. 89, 90
Expiation for perjury 91
Wine and lots forbidden 92-94
Law concerning hunting and gaming during pilgrimage 95-97
Pilgrimage and its rites enjoined 98-100
The Prophet not to be pestered with questions 101, 102
Heathen Arab customs denounced 102-104
Wills to be attested by witnesses 105-107
The prophets ignorant of the characters of their followers 108
Jesus–his miracles–God’s favour to him 109, 110
The apostles of Jesus were Muslims 111
A table provided by Jesus for the apostles 112-114
Jesus did not teach his followers to worship him and his mother 115-118
The reward of the true believer 119
God is sovereign 120
Suráh 6
Praise to the Almighty and Omniscient Creator 1-3
The wilful unbelief ot he Makkah infidels 4, 5
They are threatened with the divine judgment 6
The people of Makkah hopelessly unbelieving 7
Why angels were not sent to the infidels 8, 9
Those who rejected the former prophets were punished 10, 11
Why the true God should be served 12-18
God the witness between Muhammad and the infidels 19
The Jews recognise Muhammad as a prophet 20
Idolaters on the judgment-day–their condition 21-23
Scoffing idolaters rebuked and threatened 24-29
The condition of believers and unbelievers after death 30, 31
Unbelievers make God a liar 32, 33
God’s word and purposes unchangeable 33
Miracles of no avail to convince infidels 34
God will raise the dead to life 35
Why God did not grant the signs asked by unbelievers 36
Animals and birds to be brought into judgment 37
Infidels are deaf and dumb 38
Idolaters will call upon God in their distress 39, 40
Adversity and prosperity alike unmeaning to infidels 41-44
God is the only helper in trouble 45
Unbelievers, if impenitent, sure to perish 46-48
Muhammad unacquainted with the secrets of God 49
There shall be no intercessor on the judgment-day 50
The motives of professing Muslims not to be judged 51-54
Muhammad declines the proposals of idolaters 55-57
God the Omniscient and Sovereign Ruler 58-61
God the Almighty Deliverer 62-64
Muhammad charged with imposture 65
Unbelievers will certainly be punished 66
Mockers to be avoided by Muslims 67-69
The punishment of idolaters certain and dreadful 70, 71
Muslims commanded to obey God only 71-74
Abraham’s testimony against idolatry 75-84
The prophets who succeeded Abraham 85-91
The unbelieving Jews (of Madína) rebuked 92
The Qurán confirms the former Scriptures 93
The fate of those who forge Scriptures 94
Idolaters deserted by their gods on the judgment-day 95
The God of nature the true God 96-100
God has no offspring 101-103
God’s favour in sending the Qurán 104, 105
The command to retire from Makkah 106-108
Muhammad not permitted to work miracles 109
The people of Makkah given over to unbelief 110-113
Muhammad the prophet of God 114
The direction of Muslims and idolaters contrasted 114-117
Law of permitted and forbidden meats 118-121
The righteous and unbelievers compared 122
Wicked leaders of the people–conduct and punishment 122-125
The blessedness of the faithful 126, 127
God’s threatenings against unbelieving men and genii 128-130
God always warns men before punishing idolatry 131
Rewards and punishments shall be according to works 132, 133
The punishment of unbelievers certain 134
The idolaters of Makkah rebuked 135, 136
Evil customs of the Quraish exposed 137-139
The idolaters of Makkah threatened 140
The fruit of trees to be eaten 141
Controversy between the Quraish and Muhammad concerning 142-144
           forbidden meats referred to
The law concerning forbidden meats rehearsed 145
The Jewish law of forbidden meats 146
God will punish those who accuse the prophets of imposture 147
The idolaters of Makkah are reprobate 148, 149
Their testimony unworthy of credit 150
Forbidden things rehearsed 151-153
The Qurán attests the teaching of Moses and Jesus 154-157
The fate of the wicked on the judgment-day 158
Sectaries reproved 159
The reward of the righteous and wicked compared 160
Islám the true religion 161, 162
Muhammad’s self-consecration to God 163
The idolaters exhorted to believe in God 164, 165

Suráh 7

Muhammad not to doubt the Qurán 1, 2
The people exhorted to believe in it 3
Many cities destroyed for their unbelief 4, 5
Prophets and their hearers on the judgment-day 6-9
The ingratitude of infidels 10
The creation of Adam 11
Satan refuses to worship Adam 11, 12
He is driven from Paradise 13
He is respited until the resurrection 14, 15
He avows his purpose to beguile man 16, 17
God threatens Satan and his victims 18, 19
The fall of Adam and Eve 20-24
They are expelled from Paradise 25, 26
Indecent customs condemned 27-29
God to be sought in prayer 30, 31
True worshippers to be decently clad 32-34
Every nation has a fixed term of life 35
The doom of those who reject the apostles of God 36-42
The blessed reward of true believers 43-45
God’s curse on the infidels 45-46
The veil of Aráf and its inhabitants 47-50
The rejecters of God’s apostles to be forgotten 51, 52
A warning against rejecting Muhammad 53, 54
The Creator and Lord of the worlds to be served 55-59
Noah rejected by his people–their fate 60-65
Húd rejected by the Ádites–their fate 66-73
Sálih rejected by the Thamúdites–their destruction 74-80
Lot rejected and the Sodomites destroyed 81-85
Shuaib rejected by the Madianites, and their doom 86-94
Unbelievers at Makkah unaffected either by adversity or 95, 96
The dreadful fate of those cities who rejected the apostles of 97-101
           God and charged them with imposture
They are reprobated 102, 103
Moses is sent to Pharaoh and his princes 104, 105
The miracles of the serpent and leprous hand 106-108
The magicians of Egypt called 109-115
Contest by miracles between Moses and the magicians 116-120
Several magicians converted to Moses 121-123
Pharaoh’s anger kindled against them 124-127
Pharaoh and his princes persecute Moses and his people 128
Moses exhorts his people to patient trust in God 129, 130
Adversity and prosperity alike unavailing to bring Pharaoh to 131, 132
The Egyptian unbelievers plagued 133, 134
The hypocrisy of the Egyptians 135
They are destroyed in the Red Sea 136
The people of Moses triumph, and possess the eastern and 137
           western land
The children of Israel become idolatrous 138, 141
Moses makes Aaron his deputy, and fasts forty days 142
He desires to see the glory of God, but repents his rashness 143
God gives Moses the law on two tables 144, 145
Infidels threatened for calling their prophets impostors 146, 147
The people of Moses worship the golden calf 148
They repent their sin 149
Moses in indignation assaults Aaron 150
He prays for forgiveness for himself and Aaron 151
He calls for vengeance on the idolaters 152
God merciful to believers 153
Moses’s anger is appeased 154
He chooses seventy elders 155
Moses prays for deliverance from destruction by lightning 155, 156
The Illiterate Prophet foretold by Moses 156, 159
Some Jews rightly directed 160
The Israelites divided into twelve tribes 161
The rock smitten, and manna and quails given 161
The command to enter the city saying Hittatun, and the fate of 162, 163
           the disobedient
The Sabbath-breakers changed into apes 164-167
Dispersion of the Jews among the nations 168, 169
Some of their successors faithful to the law of Moses 170, 171
God shakes Mount Sinai over the Israelites 172
God’s covenant with the children of Adam 173-175
The curse of Balaam a warning to infidels 176-179
Many genii and men created for hell 180
The names of God not to be travestied 181, 182
God’s method of leading infidels to destruction 183, 184
Muhammad not possessed of a devil 185
No hope for the reprobate 186
The coming of the “last hour” sudden 187
Muhammad no seer, only a preacher 188
Adam and Eve were guilty of idolatry 189, 190
The folly of idolatry 191-198
Muhammad commanded to use moderation 199
He is to repel Satan by using the name of God 200, 201
The people of Makkah incorrigible 202
They charge Muhammad with imposture 203
The Qurán to be listened to in silence and holy meditation 204-206
Suráh 8

Spoils belong to God and his Apostle 1
True believers and their future reward 2-4
Muslims reproved for distrusting their Prophet 5, 6
God gives the Muslims either the Quraish or their caravan 7
The victory of Badr a seal to Islám 8
Angelic aid vouchsafed to Muhammad 9
The Muslims refreshed and comforted before the battle 10, 11
The angels enjoined to comfort the faithful by destroying the 12
           infidel Quraish
Infidels are doomed to punishment here and hereafter 13, 14
Muslims are never to turn their backs on the infidels on pain of 15, 16
The victory of Badr a miracle 17, 18
The Quraish are warned against further warfare with the Muslims 19
Muslims exhorted to steadfastness in faith 20, 21
Infidels compared to deaf and dumb brutes 22, 23
Believers are to submit themselves to God and his Apostle 24
They are warned against civil strife, deception, and treachery 25-28
God’s favour to true believers 29
Plots against Muhammad frustrated by God 30
The infidels liken the Qurán to fables 31
The Quraish were protected from deserved punishment by 32, 33
           Muhammad’s presence among them
The idolaters of Makkah rebuked and threatened 34-38
An amnesty offered to the Quraish 39
Impenitent idolaters to be extirpated from the earth 40, 41
How the spoils of war are to be divided 42
The Muslims were led by God to fight at Badr to attest the truth 43, 44
           of Islám
The Muslims encouraged, and the infidels lured to destruction, by 45, 46
           each seeing the other to be few in number
Believers exhorted to obedience 47, 48
Believers warned against impious vainglory 49
The devil deserts the Quraish at Badr 50
The fate of hypocrites 51-53
Their doom like that of Pharaoh and his people 54-56
The worst of beasts are the infidels 57
Treachery to be met with its like 58-60
God is against the infidels 61
The Muslims excited to war against unbelievers 62
Condition of peace with unbelievers 63
The miracle of Arab union 64
God with the Prophet and the Muslims in warring for the faith 65, 66
Muslims reproved for accepting ransom for the captives taken at 68-70
Captive Quraish exhorted to accept Islám, and warned against 71
The brotherhood of the Ansárs and Muháj Jirín 73-75
The hereditary rights of blood-relations re-established 76
Suráh 9

Four months’ immunity proclaimed to idolaters 1, 2
After four months, all idolaters to be slain, with exception of those 3, 5
           with whom treaties have been made
Ignorant idolaters to be taught the religion of Islám, after which, if 5, 6
           they repent, they are to be spared alive
No new league to be made with idolaters 7
Idolaters are not to be trusted 8-10
Penitent idolaters to be regarded as brethren 11
Muslims exhorted to fight against the truce-breakers of Makkah 13-16
All but Muslims to be excluded from the sacred temples 17, 18
Abbás rebuked for his vainglory 19
The Muhájjirín assigned the first rank among Muslims–their reward 20-22
True believers to refuse friendship with nearest kin if they be 23, 24
The victory of Hunain due to God’s help 25-27
Idolaters excluded from the Kaabah 28
The Jews and Christians as well as idolaters to be attacked 29
Jews and Christians reproved for applying the epithet “Son of 30
           God” to Ezra and Jesus
They also worship their priests and monks 31, 32
Islám superior to all other religions 33
Stingy Muslims likened to covetous monks–their punishment 34, 35
Infidels may be attacked in sacred months 36
The sacred months not to be transferred 37
Muslims exhorted to go on expedition to Tabúq by reference to 38-41
           God’s help to Muhammad and Abu Baqr in the cave
The lukewarm Muslims rebuked for wishing to stay at home 42
Muhammad rebuked for excusing some of these from going. 43
Willingness to fight for Muhammad, a test of faith 44-46
Seditious Muslims rebuked 47-50
The sure reward of the faithful 51, 52
God refuses the offerings of infidels and hypocrites 53-55
The wealth and prosperity of infidels a sign of their reprobation 55
Half-hearted Muslims reproved 56, 57
Those who had spread libellous reports regarding Muhammad’s 58, 59
           use of alms rebuked
How alms should be expended 60
Grumblers and hypocrites threatened 61-69
They are warned by the example of the wicked in former ages 70
The faithful described–their rewards 71-73
Hypocrites denounced and threatened 74, 75
Prosperity of infidels a prelude to their destruction 76-79
God shall scoff at the scoffers 80
The traducers of the faithful shall never be forgiven 81
Punishment of the “stayers at home” 82-84
Muhammad forbidden to pray at the grave of unbelievers and 85
The Prophet not to wonder at the prosperity of the wicked 86-88
Reward of those who assist the Apostle in his wars 89, 90
Hypocritical Arabs of the desert reproved 91
Who may lawfully remain at home in time of war 92, 93
Other hypocrites reproved 94-97
The Baduín, the worst of hypocrites 98, 99
Some of them true believers 100
The reward of the Ansars and Muhájjirín 101
The desert Arabs and some of the people of Madína reproved 102
The penitent confessors in Madína are pardoned 103-106
Others await God’s decision in their case 107
Denunciation against those who built a Masjid in opposition to 108-111
           Muhammad and his faithful ones
True believers are sold to God 112, 113
Muslims not to pray for idolatrous relatives 114
Why Abraham prayed for his idolatrous parents 115
God merciful to the faithful 116-118
The three recreant Ansars pardoned 119
The people of Madína rebuked for want of loyalty to Muhammad 120-122
Some believers excused from going to war 123
True believers to war against neighbouring infidels and hypocrisy 124
Reproof of those who doubt the revelations of God and 125-128
The Apostle trusts in the help of God 129, 130

Suráh 10

The Makkans charge their Prophet with sorcery because he is a 1, 2
           man from among them
The Creator and Ruler of the universe the only true God 3
Believers rewarded at death for good deeds 4
Unbelievers punished after death 4
God’s works are signs to all men 5, 6
Rewards and punishments of the faithful and the unbelieving 7-11
God’s purpose in prospering the wicked 12
Men pray to God in affliction, but forget Him with the return of 13
The people of Makkah warned by the example of former 14, 15
The Quraish desire a different Qurán–Muhammad protests his 16-18
           inability to alter it
Idolaters trust intercessors who can neither profit nor harm them 19
All men originally professed one religion 20
The people demand of Muhammad a sign 21
When men despise the judgments of God he threatens greater 22
Unbelievers remember God in distress by land and sea, but 23, 24
           forget Him when delivered
Life likened to water which sustains vegetable life 25
Paradise for Muslims and hell for the infidels 26-28
Idolaters will be deserted by their gods in the judgment-day 29-31
Idolaters exhorted to worship him whom they recognise as their 32-37
           Creator, Preserver, and Governor
The Qurán no forgery; it confirms the former Scriptures 38
Those who charge Muhammad with imposture challenged to 39, 40
           produce a chapter like it
Some believe in the Qurán, others reject it 41
The unbelieving Quraish declared to be reprobate 42-47
An apostle is sent to every nation 48
Unbelievers mock at the threatenings of their prophet 49
Every nation has its fixed period of existence 50
Infidels will believe when their punishment comes upon them 51-55
God is the Author of life and death 56, 57
The Qurán an admonition and direction to the unbelievers 58, 59
Lawful food not to be prohibited 60, 61
Muhammad ever under Divine guidance 62
The blessedness ot those who believe and fear God 63-65
Unbelievers cannot harm the Prophet 66-68
Those rebuked who say that God hath begotten children 69-71
Muhammad likened to Noah and other prophets 72-75
Moses and Aaron sent to Pharaoh and his princes 76
They are rejected as sorcerers and perverters of the national 77-82
A few of the people only believe on them 83
Moses and Aaron with the believers put their trust in God 84-86
The Israelites commanded to be constant in prayer to God 87
Moses’s prayer, that God would destroy the Egyptians, is heard 88, 89
Pharaoh and his people drowned in the sea 90
He repents and is raised out of the sea for a sign to the people 90-92
The Israelites are provided with a habitation and blessing 93
Jews and Christians appealed to in confirmation of the statements 94, 95
           of the Qurán
No kind of miracle will suffice to make the reprobate believe 96-98
Infidels do not believe on Muhammad because God does not 99-103
           permit them to do so
The people of Makkah exhorted to accept the true orthodox faith 104-107
Muhammad not responsible for the faith or unbelief of the people 108
The Prophet exhorted to be patient 109
Suráh 11

The Qurán a revelation from God 1, 2
Muhammad a warner and a preacher of goodness 3-5
Infidels cannot hide their sin from God 6
God the Creator and Preserver of all creatures 7, 8
The resurrection rejected by the infidels as sorcery 8
They scoff at threatened punishment 9
Mercy and judgment alike disregarded by infidels 10, 11
Those who persevere in good works shall be rewarded 12
The unbelievers demand a sign from heaven 13
Muhammad charged with forging the Qurán 14
He challenges the infidels to produce ten chapters like it, or to 14, 15
           become Muslims
The miserable fate of those who live for this present world 16, 17
Moses and the Jews attest the truth of the Qurán 18
The maligners of prophets shall be cursed 19-23
The blessed portion of believers 24
Similitudes of believers and unbelievers 25

The History of Noah:–
           He is sent as a public preacher 26, 27
           The chiefs of his people reject him as a liar 28
           Noah protests his integrity–Refuses to drive away his poor 29-32
           followers–Deprecates being thought a seer or an angel
           His people challenge him to bring on the threatened judgment 33
           Noah declares that God destroys and saves whom he pleaseth 34, 35
           Noah’s people declare his message a forgery 36
           God tells Noah that no more of his people will believe on him 37
           He is commanded to make an ark 38
           Noah builds the ark and is derided by the people 39
           Embarks with his followers and one pair of each of the animals 40, 41
           Noah in vain entreats his unbelieving son to embark 42, 43
           The waters abate and the ark rests on Al Júdi 44
           Noah pleads with God for his son 45
           God reproves him for his intercession for his son 46
           Noah repents and asks pardon for his fault 47
           He descends from the ark 48
           This history a secret revealed to Muhammad 49

The History of Húd:–
           He is sent to call Ád from idolatry 50-52
           The Ádites reject him as a liar 53
           Húd protests his integrity, and declares his trust in God to save 54-57
           him from their plots
           God delivers Húd and his followers 58
           The Ádites reject their messenger and are destroyed 59, 60

The History of Sálih:–
           He is sent to call the Thamúdites from idolatry 61
           They reject his message 62
           Sálih protests his integrity, and gives them a she-camel as a 63, 64
           sign from God
           They kill the camel, and are threatened with destruction 65
           Sálih and his followers are saved from destruction 66
           The Thamúdites are miserably destroyed 67, 68

The History of Abraham and Lot:–
           God’s messengers sent to Abraham–He entertains them 69
           He is filled with fear because they refuse to eat his meat 70
           The angels quiet his fears and tell him they are sent to the 70, 71
           people of Lot
           Sarah receives the promise of Isaac and Jacob 71-73
           Abraham intercedes for the people of Lot 74
           The angels refuse his request 75
           Lot is anxious for the safety of his angel visitors 76
           The Sodomites attack his house 77-79
           The angels warn Lot to leave the city and inform him of the 80
           destruction impending over his people and his wife
           The cities are overthrown and the people killed by a shower of 81, 82

The History of Shuaib:–
           He is sent to call the Midianites from idolatry 83
           He reproaches them for dishonest weights and measures 84-86
           The people reject him, refusing to leave their idols 87
           Shuaib protests his integrity, and exhorts them to flee the fate 88-90
           of the people of Noah, Húd, Sálih, and Lot
           The people threaten to stone him 91
           Shuaib threatens them with Divine judgment 92-94
           God destroys the infidels, but saves Shuaib and his followers 95, 96

The History of Moses:–
           He is sent with signs to Pharaoh and his princes 97
           They reject him, and are consigned to hell-fire 98-100

Exhortation and warning drawn from the fate of these cities 101-105
The condition of the righteous and wicked in judgment 106-109
Muhammad not to doubt about the religion of the Quarish 110
The Quarish doubt the Qurán as the Jews did the Pentateuch 111
God will punish their evil deeds 112
Muhammad exhorted to be steadfast 113, 114
An exhortation to prayer 115
God just in destroying the unbelieving cities 116-118
The unbelievers predestinated to damnation 119
The whole history of the prophets related to Muhammad 120
Unbelievers threatened 121, 122
Muhammad exhorted to put his trust in God 123
Suráh 12

The Prophet acquainted by inspiration with the history of Joseph 1-3
Joseph tells his father of his vision of the stars 4
Jacob warns Joseph against the jealousy of his brethren 5
Jacob understands the dream to signify Joseph’s future 6
           prophetic character
Joseph’s story a sign of God’s providence 7
Joseph’s brethren are jealous of him and of Benjamin 8
They counsel together to kill or to expatriate him 9
One of them advises their putting him into a well 10
They beg their father to send Joseph with them 11, 12
Jacob hesitates through fear that Joseph may be devoured by a 13
Joseph’s brethren, receiving their father’s consent, take him with 14, 15
           them and put him in a well
God sends a revelation to Joseph in the well 15
The brethren bring to Jacob the report that Joseph had been 16, 17
           devoured by a wolf
Jacob does not believe the story of his sons 18
Certain travellers finding Joseph carry him into bondage 19, 20
An Egyptian purchases Joseph and proposes to adopt him 21
God bestows on him wisdom and knowledge 22
The Egyptian’s wife endeavours to seduce Joseph 23
By God’s grace he was preserved from her enticements 24
She accuses Joseph of an attempt to dishonour her 25
The rent in his garment testifies Joseph’s innocence 26, 27
Potipher believes Joseph and condemns his wife 28, 29
The sin of Potipher’s wife becomes known in the city 30
The wives of other noblemen, seeing Joseph’s beauty, call him 31
           an angel
Potipher’s wife declares her purpose to imprison Joseph unless 32
           he yield to her solicitations
Joseph seeks protection from God 33
God hears his prayer and turns aside their snares 34
Joseph imprisoned notwithstanding his innocence 35
He undertakes to interpret the dreams of two of the king’s 36, 37
           servants who were also imprisoned with him
Joseph preaches the Divine unity to his fellow-prisoners 38, 40
He interprets the dreams of the two servants 41
Joseph asks to be remembered to the king, but is forgotten 42
The dreams of the king of Egypt 43
The king’s interpreters fail to interpret the king’s dream 44
Joseph remembers and interprets the king’s dream 45-49
The king calls Joseph out of prison 50
The women of the palace acknowledge their sin in endeavouring to 51
           entice Joseph to unlawful love
Joseph vindicated, yet professes his proneness to sin 52, 53
The king restores Joseph 54
Joseph made king’s treasurer at his own request 55-57
His brethren come to him, but do not recognise him 58
Joseph requires his brethren to bring to him their brother Benjamin 59-61
Their money returned in their sacks to induce their return 62
Jacob reluctantly permits Benjamin to go to Egypt with his brethren 63-66
Jacob counsels their entering the city by several gates 67
This counsel of no avail against God’s decree 68
Joseph, receiving Benjamin, makes himself known to him 69
He, by guile, brings his brethren under charge of theft 70-76
He insists on retaining Benjamin instead of a substitute 77, 79
After consultation, Benjamin’s brethren all return to Jacob but one 80-82
Jacob refuses to credit their story, yet puts his trust in God 83
Jacob grieves for Joseph, and yet tells of his hope 84-86
Jacob sends his sons to inquire after Joseph 87
Joseph makes himself known to his brethren 88-90
He pardons his brethren and sends his inner garment to his father 91-93
           to restore his sight
Jacob foretells the finding of Joseph, and receives his sight 94-97
He asks pardon for his wicked sons 98, 99
Joseph receives his parents unto him in Egypt 100
Jacob and his sons and wife all do obeisance to Joseph 101
Joseph praises God for his mercies and professes the Muslim 102
The infidels will not believe the signs of the Qurán 103-107
The Makkan idolaters invited to the true faith 108
God’s apostles in all ages have been but men 109
Unbelievers invariably punished for rejecting the messengers of 109, 110
The Qurán no forgery, but a confirmation of the writings of former 111
Suráh 13

The infidels reject the Qurán 1
God manifests himself to man in his works 2-4
The unbelievers deny the resurrection 5
Their punishment 6
Threatened judgments sure to come to pass 7
Unbelievers demand a sign 8
God is omniscient 9-12
God’s purposes are unchangeable 12
Thunder and lightning manifest God as the true object of worship 13, 14
Idolaters invoke their gods in vain 15
All nature worships the Creator 16, 17
The separation of infidels from true believers typefied in the 18
           flowing stream and the melting metal
True believers described 19-22
Their reward 23, 24
The end of the infidels 25
Abundance of wealth no sign of God’s favour 26
The infidels demand a sign from heaven 27
God directs true believers 28
Muhammad sent to an unbelieving people 29
Signs unavailing to make infidels true believers 30
God will punish the unbelievers 31, 32
Idolaters are reprobate 33, 34
Paradise described 35
Certain Jews acknowledge Muhammad to be a prophet 36
Muhammad exhorted to make no compromise with idolatry 36, 37
Wives and children no hindrance to the prophetic office 38
God is lord of his own book 39
Muhammad a preacher only 40
God’s judgments sure to come to pass 41
The plots of God’s enemies not hidden from him 42
God attests the claims of his Prophet 43
Suráh 14

The Qurán given to guide men out of darkness into light 1
A grievous punishment awaits the infidels 2, 3
Apostles always use the language of their people 4
Moses sent to Pharaoh and his people 5
His message to the children of Israel 6-8
Former prophets were rejected in spite of their miracles 9-13
Miracles only possible by the will of God 13, 14
The prophets suffer persecution with resignation 15
The unbelievers determine to expel their prophets out of the land 16
God reveals to them the overthrow of the wicked 17
Infidels fail of success through the prayers of the apostles 18
The doom of the unbelievers 19-21
God able to destroy the infidels and to create others in their stead 22, 23
Idolatrous leaders will confess themselves unable to assist their 24, 25
           deluded followers in the day of judgment
Even Satan will desert idolaters in hell 26, 27
The reward of the righteous in Paradise 28
Parables of the good and evil tree 29-32
The idolaters threatened with hell-fire 33-35
True believers exhorted to steadfastness and prayer 35, 36
Manifold favours of God to mankind 37
Abraham prays for himself and children that they may be kept 38-41
           from idolatry
He asks pardon for himself and his parents 42
God is not regardless of what infidels do, and will certainly punish 43-46
The subtle plotting of the unbelievers will be brought to confusion 47, 48
The earth and heavens to be changed at the resurrection 49
The dreadful doom of the wicked 50, 51
Warning intended to lead men to the true God 52
Suráh 15

Unbelievers will one day wish themselves Muslims 1-3
Every nation has its day of grace 4, 5
Muhammad charged with demoniacal possession 6
The unbelievers say a true prophet would have come with a 7
           company of angels
Angels are not sent to gratify curiosity, but to minister judgment 8
God the author and preserver of the Qurán 9
The former prophets were laughed to scorn 10, 11
The scoffing Quraish judicially blinded 12-15
God declares his glory in the heaven and the earth 16-20
He is active in every part of Nature 21, 22
He is the God of life, death, and judgment 23-25
Men created of clay–the genii of fire 26-29
Iblís among the angels refuses to worship Adam 29-33
He is cursed and respited until the judgment 34-38
Satan declares to God his purpose to seduce men 39, 40
The elect are safe from Satan’s power 41, 42
The seven gates of hell will receive Satan’s followers 43, 44
Paradise joys in store for true believers 45-50
The story of Abraham and Lot 51-77
The unbelieving Midianites are destroyed 78, 79
The scoffing inhabitants of Al Hajr reject their prophets though 80, 81
           accompanied with miracles
Rock-hewn houses fail to save them 82-84
The heaven and earth created in righteousness 85, 86
Command to repeat the seven verses 87
Muhammad not to envy the prosperity of infidels 88-90
The enemies of God will surely be punished 91-93
Muhammad commanded to preach boldly 94-96
He is exhorted to praise and serve God until death 97-99
Suráh 16

God’s judgment sure to be visited on the infidels 1
Revelation is from God by the ministry of angels 2
God the Creator, as his works testify 3-8
God the true instructor of man 9
His works in heaven, earth, and sea described 10-14
The earth made firm by the mountains 15
The stars appointed to guide man 16
God not to be compared to idols 17
God merciful and omniscient 18, 19
The character of the idols declared 20-22
Infidels reject the one true God 23
The Omniscient hates the proud 24, 25
Muhammad charged with forgery 26
The unbelievers will be destroyed 27, 28
Idolaters will be disappointed in the resurrection 29-31
The reward of the righteous 32-34
Infidels can only look for judgment 35, 36
They lay their crimes to God’s charge 37
Every nation has its own prophet 38
The dreadful end of infidelity 38, 39
The infidels deny the resurrection 40
They shall be taught their error 41
God creates by a word 42
Promises to the Muhájirín 43
The patient believer will be rewarded 44
The custodians of the Scriptures to be inquired of 45
The Qurán sent to be proclaimed to the people 46
The Prophet’s enemies will be punished 47-49
All God’s creatures worship him 50-52
The true God to be worshipped and obeyed 53-55
Idolaters are ungrateful 56-58
Hating daughters, the Quraish attribute daughters to God 59-61
The human race dependent on God’s mercy 62, 63
Idolatry unreasonable 64
Satan the patron of the ungodly 65
Why the Qurán was sent 66
God’s witness to himself in nature 67-69
The bee taught of God 70, 71
All man is and all he has is of God 72-74
Yet man worships idols 75
God not to be likened to anything 76
The parable of a slave and his master 77
The parable of the blind man and one having sight 78
The affairs of the judgment-day shall be accomplished in a moment 79
God to be obeyed because he is Creator and Preserver 80-83
Muhammad only a public preacher 84
Idolaters recognise God’s mercy and yet deny him 85
Every nation has a witness against it 86, 87
Idolaters shall be deserted by their idols 88, 89
Infidel leaders to be severely punished 90
Muhammad is God’s witness against the Arabians 91
Exhortation to loyalty to God 92-99
Muhammad to have recourse to God in reading the Qurán 100
Satan has no power over believers 101, 102
The doctrine of abrogation announced 103
The Qurán sent down by the “holy spirit” 104
Muhammad charged with writing the Qurán with foreign help 105
The unbelievers shall be punished 106, 107
Forced apostasy no offence against God 108
Wiflul apostates condemned 108-110
The Muhájirín blessed 111
The rewards of the judgment-day will be just 112
Makkah punished by famine for unbelief 113, 114
Lawful and unlawful food 115-119
Sins of ignorance may be pardoned 120
Muhammad exhorted to adopt the religion of Abraham 121-124
Friday to be observed instead of the Sabbath 125
Infidels not to be treated harshly 126
Patient forbearance better than vengeance 127
God is with the righteous 128
Suráh 17

God praised for the night-journey 1
The law of Moses a direction to the Israelites 2
Noah’s gratitude commended to his posterity 3
The double sin of Israel and its punishment 4-8
The Qurán a direction to both the faithful and the unbelievers 9-11
Men inconsiderate in their prayers 12
The night and day are signs to men 13
Every man’s fate bound about his neck 14
God will give every man the record of his life at the judgment-day 14, 15
No nation left without an apostle 16
The cities destroyed which rejected their apostles 17, 18
Rewards and punishments of the faithful and unbelieving 19-21
Degrees of honour belong to the life to come 22
Men should worship only one God 23, 24
Kindness to be shown to parents, the poor, and the stranger 24-27
Extravagance forbidden 28, 29
Those unable to contribute for the support of the poor may help 30, 31
           them by speaking kindly to them
Stinginess and foolish extravagance forbidden 32
Infanticide, fornication, and murder forbidden 33-35
The murdered man to be avenged 35
The substance of the orphans to be sacredly preserved 36
Men should lead lives of honesty and humility 37-40
God not to be dishonoured by idol-worship 41
Angels not daughters of God 42
Various warnings for the Quraish 43
A plurality of gods would lead to rebellion in heaven 44, 45
All things praise God 46
The Quraish are judicially blinded to the Qurán 47-49
Muhammad called a madman 50
The Quraish reject the doctrine of the resurrection 51-53
The dead when raised will fancy they have been dead but a little 54
Idolaters and unbelievers to be mildly treated 55, 56
Some prophets peculiarly favoured 57
The false gods need divine protection 58, 59
Every city to be destroyed before the judgment-day 60
Muhammad not allowed to work miracles because of the unbelief 61
           of former tribes
The night-journey and the Zakkum tree causes of contention 62
Iblís disobeys God, and is cursed in consequence 63, 64
He receives permission to delude men 65, 66
He shall have no power over God’s servants 67
God protects the merchant while on the sea 68
Idolaters forget their idols in times of danger 69
They are ungrateful 69-71
The special privileges of mankind 72
In the judgment all shall be fairly judged 73, 74
Muhammad almost seduced from Islám 75-77
The unbelievers almost Muhammad to leave them 78, 79
Exhortation to prayer 80-82
The truth of the Qurán to be proclaimed 83, 84
Man’s perversity seen both in prosperity and adversity 85
The spirit created of God 86
Revelation (inspiration) a peculiar favour from God to Muhammad 87-89
Men and genii could not produce a book like the Qurán 90
Muhammad excuses his inability to work miracles 91-95
Men appointed messengers for men and angels for angels 96-98
The dreadful fate of the idolaters at the resurrection 99, 100
God is able to raise the dead 101
Man covetous even in respect to God’s mercy 102
The nine signs of Moses fail to convince Pharaoh 103, 104
Pharaoh destroyed 105
The children of Israel succeed Pharaoh in his possession of the 106
           land of Egypt
Why the Qurán was revealed in parcels 107
Some Jews and Christians believe on the Qurán 108, 109
God and the Merciful the same 110
God hath neither son nor partner 111
Suráh 18

God praised for the gift of the Qurán 1
The Qurán a warner to unbelievers and good tidings to the faithful 2
Those who say God has sons or daughters are liars 3, 4
Muhammad grieves for the unbelief of his people 5
Earth’s adornment to be reduced to dust 6, 7
The story of the companions of the cave 8-22
Muhammad rebuked for promising a revelation on a fixed date 23
The sleepers of the cave sleep 309 years 24
Times and seasons are in God’s hands 25
None can change the Qurán 26
The pious are the Prophet’s guardians 27
Truth is from the Lord 28
Sufferings of the wicked contrasted with the rewards of the 28-30
The parable of the two men 31-42
Life on earth likened to water from heaven 43
Good works better than wealth and children 44
Mankind assembled on the judgment-day 45
The manner of the judgment–the book of personal action delivered 46, 47
Iblís refuses to worship Adam 48
Genii, the offspring of Satan, not present at the creation 49
Idol-worshippers deserted by their idols in the judgment 50
The wicked doomed to hell-fire 51
The Qurán rejected by men through unbelief 52, 53
Prophets are sent with threats and good news 54
The sin of apostasy 55-57
Unbelief destroyed the former cities 58
Moses and Joshua visit Khidhar 59-64
Moses desires to be taught by Khidhar 65
Khidhar, knowing Moses’s inability to receive his wisdom, yields 66-69
           to his importunity
He scuttles a boat, kills a man, and builds a tottering wall 70-76
Khidhar refuses to communicate further with Moses on account of 77-81
           his protests against his conduct, but condescends to explain his
Dhu al Qarnain journeys to the setting sun 82-84
He finds a people, whom he is permitted to treat as he will 85-87
He travels east and north, where he finds an ignorant race, who 88-93
           plead his protection against Gog and Magog
He builds a rampart against them 94-96
Gog and Magog to be let loose before the judgment-day 97-99
Rewards and punishments in the judgment 100-108
Were the ocean ink, it would not suffice to write all the words of 109
Muhammad only a mortal man 110

Suráh 19

Zacharias prays for offspring 1-6
Gabriel is sent with an answer promising a son 7, 8
Zacharias asks a sign which is given 9-12
John’s mission and character described 13-15
Story of Mary’s miraculous conception 16-22
The birth of Jesus 22, 23
Mary in distress is comforted by Jesus 23-27
Mary brings her child to her people, who reproach her 28, 29
Jesus (speaking in infancy) vindicates his mother and describes his 30-34
           own prophetic character
Jesus the Word of Truth 35
God has no son 36
God alone to be worshipped 37
The miserable fate of Jewish and Christian sectaries 38-41
The story of Abraham:–
           He reproaches his father for idolatry 42-46
           His father threatens to stone him 47
           Abraham prays for his father, but separates himself from him 48-50
           God gives him Isaac and Jacob, who were notable prophets 50, 51
Moses–an apostle and prophet 52
           Discourses with God privately 53
           Aaron given him for an assistant 54
Ismaíl was a prophet acceptable to his Lord 55, 56
Idrís was taken up to heaven 57, 58
God is bounteous to all true prophets 59
The followers of former prophets compared with those of 59, 60
The reward of the faithful in Paradise 61-64
Gabriel comes down from heaven only when commanded 65
God is the only Lord–no name like his 66
The dead shall surely rise 67, 68
The dead shall be judged on their knees 69-73
Believers and unbelievers compared 74, 75
The prosperity of infidels a sign of God’s reprobation 76, 77
Good works better than riches 78, 79
The doom of the wicked certain 80-83
Even the false gods will desert idolaters in the judgment 84, 85
God sends devils to incite infidels to sin 86, 87
The pious to be honoured before God 88
The wicked to be driven into hell 89, 90
Attributing children to God a great sin 91-93
God the only Lord–all creatures his servants 94, 95
Believers to be rewarded with love 96
The Qurán made easy for Muhammad 97
Miserable doom of all God’s enemies 98

Suráh 20

The Qurán an admonition from God to the faithful 1-3
God one, a Sovereign King, omniscient, and possessed of most 4-7
           excellent names

The History of Moses:–
           He sees the burning bush 8-10
           God speaks to him out of the fire 11, 12
           He is chosen and instructed by God 13, 14
           A day of judgment will surely come 15-17
           God bestows on him signs and miracles 18-24
           He is commanded to go to Pharaoh 25
           Moses prays for the assistance of Aaron 26-35
           God reminds Moses of former favours 36-42
           He is sent with Aaron to Pharaoh 43-50
           Conversation between Pharaoh and Moses 51-57
           Pharaoh rejects Moses and accuses him of imposture 58, 59
           Pharaoh proposes to meet Moses and Aaron with counter- 60-62
           Moses warns the magicians against deception 63, 64
           The magicians dispute among themselves 65
           They counsel Pharaoh against Moses 66
           Pharaoh encourages the magicians to do their best 67
           The contest between Moses and the magicians 68-72
           The magicians are converted 73
           Pharaoh threatens the magicians with dire punishment 74, 75
           The magicians defy the wrath of Pharaoh, and express hope 75-78
           in God
           God commands Moses to lead the Israelites through the Red 79, 80
           Pharaoh pursues them, and is overwhelmed by the sea 81
           God feeds the Israelites on manna and quails in the desert 82, 83
           God’s treatment of the unbelieving and penitent 83, 84
           The Israelites worship a golden calf 85-87
           Moses reproaches them with idolatry 88-89
           They lay the blame on al Sámirí 90, 91
           The people disobey Aaron 92, 93
           Moses rebukes Aaron–his apology 94, 95
           Sámirí’s explanation of his conduct 96
           Sámirí’s doom to social ostracism 97, 98
The penalty of rejecting God’s revelations 97-101
The resurrection and the conduct of those judged on the judgment- 102-107
No intercession on that day, except by permission 108
The fate of the wicked and reward of the righteous 109-111
The Qurán made easy for Muhammad, but he is not to be hasty in 112, 113
           repeating it

The Story of Adam:–
           Adam disobeys God 114
           All the angels worship Adam except Iblís 115
           Adam warned against Satan 116, 117
           Satan beguiles Adam and Eve 118, 119
           God pardons, but expels them from Paradise 120, 121
           An admonition promised, with penalty of rejection of it 122-124
Infidels will appear in the judgment blind, and reasons for blindness 125-127
The Makkans warned 128, 129
Muhammad comforted and encouraged 130-132
The Jews demand a sign, and the Quraish disbelieve 133, 134
God directs Muhammad to proclaim his readiness to wait the final 135
           issue of the controversy between them
Suráh 21

The judgment of careless and mocking Quraish near 1-4
The Makkan people regard Muhammad as “a forger” 5
Miracles not performed by Muhammad because former nations 6
           received no benefit from seeing them
The former prophets were but mortal men 7, 8
God favours his prophets but judges infidels 9
The Quraish mentioned in the Qurán 10
The unbelieving cities and scoffers destroyed 11-15
God not given to sport 16, 17
The truth must triumph 18
Angels serve God, therefore not to be worshipped 19-22
God is sovereign 23
The great sin of idolatry 24
All apostles testified to God’s unity 25
Angels are the daughters of God 26-28
Angelic intercession only by divine permission 29
The doom of angels who usurp divine honours 30
God’s works the proof of his divinity 31-34
None immortal but God 35, 36
Muhammad regarded by the Makkans as a scoffer 37
Men hasty to call down divine wrath on themselves 38, 39
Threatened vengeance will descend suddenly 40, 41
The doom of those who mocked former prophets 42, 43
The gods of the idolaters unable to deliver their votaries 44
God will triumph over the infidels 45
Muhammad only a warner 46
The deaf will not hear the warnings of God 47
God will judge righteously 48
Moses and Aaron, like Muhammad, received a revelation 49-51

The Story of Abraham–
           He receives a revelation 52
           Reproaches his father and people with idolatry 53-57
           He devises a plot to destroy the idols 58
           He destroys the idols of the Chaldeans 59, 60
           He is accused before the people 61, 62
           He lays the blame on the largest idol 63, 64
           The Chaldeans at first disposed to repent, but they draw back 65, 66
           Abraham reproaches them for their idolatry 67
           They command him to be burned alive 68
           God miraculously delivers him 69, 70
           He receives the promise of Isaac and Jacob 71-73
Lot delivered from Sodom 74, 75
Noah delivered from the Flood 76, 77
The persecutors of Noah drowned 77
The wisdom of David and Solomon 78-80
Winds and demons subject to Solomon 81, 82
Job is delivered from his affliction 83, 84
Other prophets receive mercy from God 85-88
Zachariah’s prayer answered 89, 90
God’s favour to Mary and Jesus 91
The true religion one, but Jews and Christians have sects 92, 93
The faithful certain to be rewarded 94
Infidels to be judged at the resurrection 95-97
Idolaters with their gods to be cast into hell 98-100
The reward of the righteous 101-103
The heavens to be rolled away at the judgment 104
The righteous shall inherit the earth 105, 106
Muhammad proclaims himself to be a warner 107-109
God knoweth the secret thoughts of the infidels 110, 111
God will judge the infidels and show mercy to his prophet 112
Suráh 22

The dreadful character of the judgment-day 1, 2
Nudhár Ibn al Hárith rebuked for his infidelity 3, 4
Proofs of the doctrine of the resurrection 5-7
Abu Jahl’s obstinate infidelity and its punishment 8-10
Hypocrites exposed and rebuked 11-13
God will reward the righteous 14
God will cause Muhammad and the Qurán to triumph 15, 16
God will judge between the followers of conflicting faiths 17
All creatures praise God 18
The awful fate of unbelievers contrasted with the joy of believers 19-24
Profaners of the Kaabah will be punished 25, 26
God appointed the site of the Kaabah an abode for Abraham 27
The pilgrimage to Makkah instituted for Muslims 28-32
Rites to be observed by the pilgrims 32-35
Sacrifices appointed for the professors of every religion 36
The humble believer encouraged 37
The sacrifices at Madína symbolical of obedience to God 38, 39
War against infidels permitted when in self-defence 40-43
All God’s prophets have been accused of imposture 44, 45
Infidels blind to God’s judgments on the ungodly 46, 47
Though God is forbearing he will punish unbelievers 48, 49
Muhammad a public preacher 50
Reward and punishment of believers and infidels 51, 52
All prophets have been subject to Satanic deception 53-55
The unbelievers incorrigible, but God will judge between them and 56-58
           the righteous
Blessed condition of the Muhájjarín and martyrs 59, 60
Revenge of personal injuries permitted 61
God the Creator and Preserver of all things 62-67
Professors of other religions not to dispute with Muhammad 68
How Muhammad should treat those who dispute with him 69, 70
The Omniscient God has decreed all things 71
Idolaters have no proof from God for their idolatry 72
Unbelievers (Quraish) ready to use violence towards the Muslims 73
The Makkan idols unable to keep the flies off themselves 74
Idolaters have a low estimate of the power of God 75
God chooses messengers from among men and angels 76
God knoweth all things, and all shall return to him 77
True believers exhorted to worship God and to fight in defence of 78, 79
           his religion
Muslims exhorted to be steadfast in the faith of their father Abraham 79
Suráh 23

True believers described 1-9
Their reward hereafter 10, 11
God the creator of mankind 12-14
The dead shall be raised by him 15, 16
God created the seven heavens 17
God the author of all our blessings 18-23
Noah, sent as an apostle of God, preaches against idolatry 24
The people reject Noah as a madman 25-27
Noah is commanded to make the ark, to save himself and true 28-32
           followers from the Flood
Other nations after that of Noah perish in their infidelity 33-46
Moses and Aaron are rejected as impostors 47-50
The unbelievers are destroyed, but God gives a book to Moses 50, 51
           for the direction of believers
Jesus and Mary created a sign 52
Apostles exhorted to be steadfast in the true faith 53, 54
The sectarians to be left in their confusion 55-58
True believers sure of their reward 59-62
God judges men according to their ability 63
The idolatrous Quraish will not believe the Qurán 64, 65
Idolaters will cry unto God in vain when in distress 66-68
The Quraish reject their Prophet as a madman 69-72
A gracious invitation rejected by them 73-75
God continues the calamity of the Makkans in mercy to them 76
The chastisements of the Lord rejected 77, 78
God, the author of life and intellect, can raise the dead 79-81
The Quraish persist in denying the resurrection 82-84
They are judged out of their own mouths 85-91
Angels not the offspring of God 92, 93
The Prophet takes refuge in God against every evil spirit 94-99
Repentance after death will be in vain 100, 101
The awful doom of unbelievers 102-109
They are punished for persecuting believers 110-112
Time will pass slowly in hell 113-115
Triumph of the faithful over the unbelieving idolaters 116-119
Suráh 24

This chapter revealed from heaven 1
Law relating to fornication 2, 3
Punishment for defaming virtuous women 4, 5
Law relating to charge of adultery when made by a husband 6-10
           against his wife
Ayesha’s slanderers reproved, and their punishment 11-20
Believers warned against evil deeds 21
The rich to forgive the poor, and bestow charity upon them 22
False accusers of virtuous women for ever accursed 23-25
Wicked men and women condemned to each other’s society 26
Manners to be observed in visiting each other’s homes 27-29
Pious men and women exhorted to modest demeanour 30, 31
Marriageable women to be married if possible 32
Men-servants and maid-servants to be married when honest 32
Unmarried Muslims exhorted to continence 33
Masters to encourage slaves to purchase their freedom 33
The Qurán an admonition to the pious 34
The similitude of God’s light 35
The conduct of true believers described 36-38
Infidelity likened to a desert mirage or the darkness of a stormy sea 39
God praised by all his creatures 40, 41
God revealed in all the phenomena of nature 42-45
Hypocrites rebuked and warned 46-56
Regulations relating to personal and family privacy 57, 58
Exception in case of aged women, blind, lame, and sick 59, 60
Muslims commanded to salute one another 61
True believers exhorted to implicit obedience to the Apostle of 62, 63
The Omniscient God will judge all men 64
Suráh 25

God praised for the Qurán 1
The one God a sovereign Creator and Ruler 2
The idolaters worship gods that are helpless 3, 4
The Qurán said to be Muhammad’s won forgery 5, 6
Muhammad protests that the Qurán is from God 7
Unbelievers reject Muhammad because he is like other men 8, 9
Muhammad said to be a madman 9
God comforts Muhammad on account of these calumnies 10
Unbelievers doomed to hell-fire 11-16
The reward of the pious in Paradise 16, 17
Even the false gods will desert their worshippers in the judgment- 18-21
The former prophets were all like Muhammad 22
The blasphemous unbelief of the Quraish 23
They shall be punished and their works demolished 24, 25
Relative condition of the faithful and the unbelievers in the 26-32
Former prophets had their enemies among unbelievers 33
The Qurán sent down by piecemeal a stumbling-stone to infidels, 34-36
           but a comfort to believers
Those who accused Moses and Aaron of imposture were 37, 38
Noah’s calumniators drowned 39
Ádites, Thamúdites, and Sodomites destroyed for infidelity 40-42
The Quraish warned in vain by these examples 43-45
God’s works testify to his being 46-52
God could have sent a preacher to every city 53
Muhammad not to obey the will of infidels 54
God the Creator and Ruler of all things 55, 56
Unbelievers worship idols and assist Satan 57
Muhammad sent to be a preacher and a warner 58
Muhammad only desires the conversion of his people 59
He is exhorted to trust the merciful Creator and Ruler of heaven 60
           and earth
The infidels refuse to worship the God of Muhammad 61
God praised for his benevolent works 62, 63
The servants of God described 64-68
Wicked men saved by repentance and good works 69-71
True penitents described 72-74
Their reward in Paradise 75, 76
God reprobates the Quraish 77
Suráh 26

Muhammad is grieved at the unbelief of the Quraish 1, 2
God will grant them no miracle save the Qurán 3, 4
The Quraish regard the Qurán as a forgery 5
God will send a grim messenger whom they shall respect 5-8
The story of Moses:–
           He is sent to Pharaoh and his people 9, 10
           Fearing that he will be called an impostor, Moses asks that 11, 12
           Aaron be sent with him
           Moses being assured that he will not be put to death for 13-16
           murder, is sent to demand release of the Israelites
           Pharaoh charges Moses with ingratitude 17, 18
           Moses apologises to Pharaoh for killing the Egyptian 19, 21
           Moses is charged with being a madman 22, 27
           Pharaoh threatens Moses if he do not worship him 28
           Moses performs miracles before Pharaoh 29-32
           Egyptian magicians called to compete with Moses 33-41
           Moses contests with the magicians, who are converted 42-47
           Pharaoh, enraged, threatens to crucify the magicians 48, 49
           The magician converts put their trust in God 50, 51
           Moses commanded to take Israelites forth from Egypt 52
           Pharaoh and his people pursue them 53-60
           The Red Sea is divided by Moses, and Israelites pass over 61-65
           The Egyptians are drowned, and become a warning to all 66-68
The story of Abraham:–
           He preaches against idolatry 69-82
           Abraham prays for himself and his father 83-92
           He warns his people of the vain repentance of idolaters in hell 93-102
           Most of his people rejected him 103, 104
The story of Noah:–
           His people accused him of imposture 105
           Noah exhorts them to have faith in God 106-110
           Unbelievers desire Noah to reject his poor followers 111-115
           Refusing, they threaten him with violence 116
           Noah takes refuge in God, and is saved in the ark 117-119
           The unbelievers are drowned 120-122
The story of Ád:–
           They charge God’s messengers with imposture 123
           Húd claims the prophetic office, and preaches to the Ádites 124-135
           They reject his warnings and charge him with imposture 136-139
           The unbelieving Ádites are destroyed 139-140
The story of the Thamúdites:–
           They charge the prophets with imposture 141
           Sálih, declaring himself a prophet, preaches to them 142-152
           The Thamúdites reject Sálih and call him a madman 153
           They demand a sign, and a she-camel is given for a sign 154-156
           They slay the she-camel, and are destroyed for infidelity 157-159
The story of Lot:–
           The Sodomites accuse their prophets with imposture 160
           Lot proclaims himself a prophet, and preaches to them 161-166
           The Sodomites threaten him with violence 167
           God saves Lot from Sodom, but Lot’s wife is destroyed 168-171
           The unbelievers destroyed by a shower of stones 172-174
The story of the Midianites:–
           They call God’s messengers impostors 175
           Shuaib proclaims himself a prophet, and preaches to them 176-184
           They call him a madman and a liar, and challenge him to cause 185-187
           the heavens fall on them
           They are destroyed in their unbelief 188-191
The Qurán given to Muhammad, through Gabriel, in the Arabic 192-195
The Qurán attested as God’s Word by the former Scriptures 196, 197
The hearts of the Quraish are hardened by the Qurán 198-203
The Quraish scorn Muhammad’s threatenings 204
God’s mercy deepens the condemnation of impenitent infidels 205-207
God never destroys a people without first warning them 208-209
The Devil did not assist in revealing the Qurán 210-212
Muhammad warned against idolatry, and admonished to preach 213, 214
           Islám to his relatives
True believers to be treated meekly, and unbelievers to be 215-220
           treated with forbearance
Devils descend on the hearts of unbelievers 221-223
Unbelieving poets are mad; believing poets commended 224-228
The unjust will speedily be punished 228
Suráh 27

The Qurán is a direction of good tiding to the faithful 1-3
Unbelievers are losers here and hereafter 4, 5
The Qurán certainly given by God to Muhammad 6
The story of Moses at the burning bush 7-12
Moses rejected by Pharaoh and the Egyptians as an impostor 13, 14
David and Solomon praise God for their wisdom 15
Solomon’s dominion over genii, men, and birds 16, 17
The wise ant pleases Solomon 18, 19
The story of the Queen of Sabá and her conversion to Islám 20-45
Thamúd rejects Sálih their prophet 46-48
Nine men plot the destruction of Sálih and his family 49-51
The Thamúdites and their plotters destroyed, but Sálih and his 52-54
           followers are saved
The story of Lot and the destruction of Sodom 55-59
God, the creator and preserver, more worthy of praise than false 60-68
The unbelievers scoff at the warnings of Muhammad 69, 70
They shall certainly be destroyed as were those who rejected the 71, 72
           prophets of old
Judgment on the wicked delayed through the mercy of God 73-77
The Qurán decides the points of controversy among the children 78-80
           of Israel
Muhammad comforted by the assurance of his integrity 81
Reprobate infidels blind to the error of their ways 82, 83
Signs of judgment and doom of unbelievers 84-90
The righteous secure from the terror of judgment 91
The wicked shall be punished 92
Muhammad commanded to worship God, to be a Muslim, and to 93, 94
           proclaim the Qurán
God will show his signs to true believers 95
Suráh 28

Muhammad receives the story of Moses for the benefit of 1, 2
Pharaoh oppresses the Israelites 3
God determines to befriend the weak and to destroy oppressors 4, 5
Moses’s mother directed to commit her child to the river 6
Pharaoh’s family take up the infant Moses 7, 8
The anxiety of Moses’s mother–his sister watches him 9, 10
Moses refuses the Egyptian nurse, and his mother is employed 11, 12
God bestows on him wisdom and strength 13
He slays an Egyptian and flies to Madian 14-20
By divine direction he reaches the wells of Madian 21, 22
He waters the flocks of the daughters of Shuaib (Jethro) 23, 24
Meeting Shuaib, he relates his history 25
Shuaib gives him one of his daughters in marriage 26-28
Fulfilling the marriage contract, Moses journeys towards Egypt 29
He sees the burning bush, and receives prophetic commission 29-32
           and power to perform miracles
Moses, fearing Pharaoh, asks the help of Aaron 33-35
Egyptians regard Moses and Aaron as sorcerers 36
Moses threatens them with God’s judgment 37
Pharaoh, claiming to be a god, asks Hámán to build a tower up to 38
Pharaoh and his princes blaspheme God 38, 39
God drowns Pharaoh and his princes in the sea 40
They shall be rejected of God in the resurrection 41, 42
Moses receives the Pentateuch for a direction to his people 43
Muhammad inspired to preach to the Arabs 44-46
His preaching renders unbelievers inexcusable 47
The Quraish reject both Pentateuch and Qurán 48
They are challenged to produce a better book than these 49
The Makkans warned by the faith of certain Jews 50-53
Reward of converted Jews and Christians 54
Character of true converts to Islám 55
Men are only directed to true faith by God 56
The Quraish fear to follow Muhammad lest they be expelled from 57
Cities destroyed for unbelief in, and persecution of, God’s true 58, 59
Present prosperity no sign of God’s favour 60, 61
False gods will desert their votaries in judgment-day 62, 64
The idolaters shall be speechless then, but penitents shall be 65-67
God, the only true God, produces the recurrence of day and night 70-73
God shall produce a witness against every nation at the judgment 74, 75
The story of Qárún 76-82
Pardon granted to the humble and obedient 83-85
Muhammad received the Qurán unexpectedly 86
Muhammad exhorted to steadfastness in the faith of Islám 86-88
Suráh 29

Religious faith is proved by trials 1, 2
Evil deeds will surely be punished 3
The righteous shall be rewarded for their good deeds 4-6
Parents not to be obeyed when they oppose God’s law 7
Salvation by faith and good works 8
Hypocrites exposed and rebuked 9, 10
Unbelievers shall be punished for deceiving others by false 11, 12
The enemies of Noah drowned for their unbelief 13, 14
Abraham preached against idolatry 15, 16
Abraham accused of being an impostor 17
He shows the idolaters how God’s power is manifested in nature 18, 19
He declares that none shall escape the judgment of God 20-22
His people attempt to burn him, but God saves him 23
He discourses against the idolatry of his people 24
Lot believes in Abraham, who determines to fly his country 25
God gives Abraham descendants who possess the gift of 26
           prophecy and the Scriptures
The story of Lot and his ministry in Sodom 27-34
Shuaib’s ministry to the unbelieving Madianites 35, 36
Ád and Thamúd destroyed in unbelief 37
Qárún, Pharaoh, and Hámán destroyed in unbelief 38
Various means by which God destroyed infidels 39
Idolatry likened to a spider’s web 40
God knoweth the idols worshipped by men 41
God’s works and signs only understood by true believers 42, 43
Muhammad is commanded to recite the Qurán and to give himself 44
           to prayer
Muslims not to fight against Jews and Christians except in self- 45
The Qurán and the former Scriptures one revelation 45, 46
The miracle of Muhammad’s reading and writing a proof of the 47
           inspiration of the Qurán
Unbelievers only reject the Qurán 48
Muhammad challenged to work a miracle 49
The Qurán itself a sufficient miracle 50
God will judge between Muhammad and the infidels 51, 52
The infidels call for judgment, and it will find them unprepared 53-55
Believers exhorted to fly from persecution 56
The reward of the righteous dead 57-59
God’s works in creation and providence witness his being 60-63
The present life a vain show 64
Unbelievers are ungrateful 65, 66
The ingratitude of the Arab idolaters 67, 68
God will reward the faithful 69
Suráh 30

A prophecy concerning the ultimate triumph of the Greeks over the 1-5
God’s power manifest in nature 6, 7
The Quraish heed not the warnings of God 8, 9
The despair of the infidels in the resurrection 10-12
The righteous and wicked shall be separated on the judgment-day 13-15
God to be worshipped at stated periods 16, 17
The changes in nature a proof of the resurrection 18
Various signs of God’s omnipotence 19-26
The idolaters convinced of folly by reference to their own customs 27, 28
Muhammad exhorted to follow the orthodox faith and to avoid 29-31
The ingratitude of idolaters, who call on God in adversity but forget 32-35
           him in prosperity
Muslims exhorted to charity 36-38
The idols unable to create and preserve life 39
God’s judgments follow man’s iniquity 40, 41
Exhortation to repentance before the judgment 42
The separation of the wicked and the just in the judgment-day; 42-44
           rewards and punishments
God’s goodness in his providence a sign to men 45
Those who rejected the former prophets were punished 46
God’s mercy manifest in his works 47-49
A blasting wind sufficient to harden the hearts of the unbelievers 50
Muhammad unable to make the dead to hear or the blind to see 51, 52
God the Creator 53
Believers and unbelievers on the resurrection-day 54-57
The parables of the Qurán rejected 58
Unbelievers are given over to blindness 59
Muhammad encouraged to steadfastness in the true religion 60
Suráh 31

The Qurán a direction and mercy to the righteous 1, 2
The righteous described 3, 4
An unbeliever rebuked for his contempt for the Qurán 5, 6
Blessed rewards of the righteous 7, 8
God the Creator of heaven and earth 9, 10
Luqmán gifted with wisdom 11
Luqmán’s discourse to his son 12, 15-17
Parenthesis on the duty of children to their parents 13, 14
Modesty and humility enjoined 18
God’s favour to mankind 19
The unreasonableness of infidel contention 19, 20
The security of true believers 21
The certain punishment of unbelief 22, 23
Praise to God, the self-sufficient Creator 24, 25
God’s words infinite in number 26
Man’s creation an evidence of God’s sovereignty 27
The heavens declare the glory of God 28, 29
The ingratitude of idolaters to God 30, 31
Men warned to prepare for judgment 32-34

Suráh 32

The Qurán is without doubt inspired revelation 1
Muhammad did not forge the Qurán 2
The heavens and earth created in six days 3
God will judge all men after the resurrection 4
The Omniscient God the Creator of mankind 5-8
Yet man, the creature, denies the resurrection 9, 10
Unbelievers shall be brought before God 11
They shall repent too late to avail for pardon 12
Hell must be filled with genii and men 13, 14
The reward of true believers 15-19
The punishment of unbelievers here and hereafter 20, 21
To reject God’s signs a great sin 22
The Pentateuch given to Moses 23
Teachers chosen from among the Israelites to direct them in the 24
           way of God
God will settle their disputes in the Judgment-day 25
The people of Makkah warned by the fate of their predecessors 26
The resurrection typified in nature, but infidels do not understand 27
The infidels urge Muhammad to hasten the judgment-day 28-30
Suráh 33

Muhammad to obey God rather than the unbelievers 1-3
Adopted sons not to be regarded as real sons by Muslims 4, 5
Muhammad’s wives the mothers of the faithful 6
The covenant of the prophets with God 7, 8
God’s favour to the Muslims at the Ditch 9-11
The disaffected people of Madína rebuked 12-15
None can flee from God’s anger 16, 17
The treachery of the hypocrites of Madína exposed 18-20
Muhammad an example to the faithful 21
Patient endurance of the believers at the Ditch 22-24
The triumph at the Ditch attributed to God’s favour 25
Reference to the slaughter of the Bani Qainuqáa 26, 27
Muhammad’s wives rebuked 28, 29
Muhammad’s wives, if incontinent, to be doubly punished, but if 30, 31
           faithful, to be doubly rewarded
They are exhorted to modest behaviour and piety 32-34
Blessings promised to faithful men and women 35
Revelations touching the Zainab scandal 36-40
The blessedness of true believers 41-43
Muhammad a witness and preacher of good tidings 44-47
The law of divorce modified 48
Special privileges of Muhammad in respect to women 49-51
Muhammad limited in respect to wives 52
Conduct to be observed by believers at the Prophet’s house 53-55
God and the angels bless Muhammad, who should be treated 56
           with respect by believers
The curse of those who offend Muhammad or the Muslims 57, 58
Command respecting the veiling of Muslim women 59
Threatened punishment of Madína hypocrites 60-62
Men know not the hour of judgment 63
Awful fate of infidels 64-68
Believers exhorted to respectful treatment of their Prophet 69-71
The responsibilities of the faithful 72, 73
Suráh 34

Praise to the All-wise and Sovereign God 1, 2
Unbelievers shall not escape the judgment-day 3
The reward of believers and the punishment of infidels sure 4, 5
Certain Jews accept the Qurán as the word of God 6
The Quraish scoff at the doctrine of the resurrection 7
Muhammad accused of being a forger of the Qurán and a madman 8
Divine judgments threatened against the unbelievers 8, 9
David received blessing and knowledge from God 10
Solomon received dominion over the winds and the genii 11
The palaces, statues of Solomon, &c., constructed by genii 12
Solomon’s death concealed from the genii 13
The people of Sabá rebel against God and are punished 14-16
They are dispersed on account of covetousness 17, 18
All but a few believers follow Iblís 19, 20
The idolaters worship imaginary deities 21
Only those who are permitted shall intercede on the judgment-day 22
The bountiful God will judge between true believers and the 23-26
Muhammad sent to man as a warner 27
The infidels will feel God’s threatened punishment in the judgment- 28, 29
Mutual enmity of the idolaters and their leaders on the day of 30-32
God’s prophets have always been opposed by the affluent 33
The Makkans boast in their riches in vain 34, 35
The righteous only shall be saved 36
Muhammad’s adversaries shall be punished 37
The Lord will reward the almsgivers 38
The angels shall repudiate their worshippers 39, 40
Idolaters shall be unable to help one another in the judgment 41
The unbelievers call Muhammad a forger of the Qurán and 42
Rejecting their Prophet as did those before them, the Makkans 43, 44
           shall receive like punishment
Muhammad protests the truth of his claims 45-49
Unbelievers shall repent when too late to avail 50-54
Suráh 35

God praised as the Sovereign Creator 1, 2
The Quraish exhorted to worship the true God 3
Muhammad told that it is no strange thing for a prophet to be called 4
           an impostor
God’s promises true, but Satan is a deceiver 5, 6
Reward for believers and punishment for infidels sure 7, 8
Reprobate sinners shall not be as the righteous before God 9
The desert made green by rainfall a type of the resurrection 10
God exalteth the righteous but bringeth to nought the devices of 11
God, who is man’s Creator, knoweth all things 12
God’s mercy to man seen in the waters 13
Day, night, the sun, and moon glorify God 14
The vanity of idol-worship 14, 15
Man is dependent on God, but God is self-sufficient 16-18
Every one shall bear his own burden in the judgment-day 19
Muhammad commanded to admonish secret believers 19
God will not regard the righteous and the unrighteous alike 20, 21
Every nation has its own prophet 22
Those who accused the former prophets of imposture were 23, 24
God’s mercy seen in nature 25
God rewards the prayerful and the charitable 26, 27
The Qurán a confirmation of former Scriptures 28
The varied conduct of those who receive the Qurán 29
The rewards of the faithful in Paradise 30-32
The just punishment of unbelievers in hell 33-35
God knoweth the secrets of the heart 36
Unbelievers shall reap the fruit of their infidelity 37
God gave the idolaters no authority for their idolatry 38
God alone sustains the heavens 39
The Quraish impiously reject their Prophet 40, 41
They shall receive the punishment bestowed upon those who 42, 43
           rejected the former prophets
Were God to punish sinners the world would be bereft of its 44
           human population
God will regard his servants in the judgment-day 45
Suráh 36

God swears that Muhammad is a prophet 1-3
The Qurán given to warn the Makkans 4, 5
The greater part of the people of Makkah reprobate 6-9
Muhammad’s preaching only profitable to secret believers 10
The dead shall be raised; all their deeds are registered 11
Two apostles of Jesus sent to Antioch 12, 13
They are rejected as impostors and threatened with stoning 14-17
The apostles warn the people of Antioch of impending divine 18
A certain believer is put to death by the infidels 19-26
The persecutors are suddenly destroyed 27, 28
Men generally reject God’s messengers 29
The lessons of the past are forgotten 30
The doctrine of the resurrection asserted and illustrated 31-33
God’s power and goodness manifested by his works 34-44
Unbelievers unmoved by either fear or the signs of the Qurán 45, 46
They scoff at almsgiving and the resurrection 47, 48
The resurrection trumpet and the judgment-day shall surprise the 49-53
God’s judgment shall be according to works 54
The rewards of the righteous and the punishment of the wicked 55-65
God deals with the wicked as he pleaseth 66-68
Muhammad not a poet; the Qurán is the word of God 69, 70
God manifest in his works of benevolence 71-73
Idolaters will find their trust in idols vain 74, 75
The Prophet not to grieve at the hard speeches of the idolaters; 76
           God knoweth all
The Creator of all things able to raise the dead to life 77-81
God says Be, and it is 82
Praise be to the Sovereign Creator and raiser of the dead 83
Suráh 37

The Prophet swears that God is one 1-5
The devils not permitted to hear the discourse of heaven 6-10
The audacity of the Makkan infidels 11, 12
They scoff at the Qurán as the product of sorcery 13-15
They reject the doctrine of the resurrection 16, 17
The despair of the infidels on the judgment-day 18-21
Idolaters and their idols and gods to be called to account 22-24
They will dispute among themselves and reproach one another 25-29
They shall all be punished in hell 30-33
Makkan idolaters call their Prophet “a distracted poet” 34, 35
Muhammad protests his prophetic character and threatens the 36-38
Reward of believers in Paradise 39-47
Believers shall look down from heaven upon their infidel 48-53
           acquaintance in hell
The righteous attribute their salvation to the grace of God 54, 55
They rejoice in life eternal 56-59
The tree at Zaqqúm described 60-62
The awful portion of the damned 63-66
Makkan infidels follow in the footsteps of their fathers 67-72
The story of Noah–
           Noah calls on God in his distress 73
           He and his family are delivered 74
           His name to be revered by posterity 75-79
           The unbelievers are drowned 80
The story of Abraham–
           Abraham a follower of Noah’s religion 81, 82
           He reproaches his father and neighbours for their idolatry 83-85
           He excuses himself from attending the idolatrous rites of his 86-88
           He first mocks the idols and then breaks them in pieces 90-91
           God delivers him from the fire 95, 96
           God tries the faith of Abraham 97-107
           His name to be revered by posterity 108-111
           He receives Isaac by promise, who is blessed with him 112, 113
The story of Moses and Aaron–
           God delivers them and their people from great distress 114, 115
           They conquer the Egyptians 116
           God gives them the Book of the Law (Fourth) 117, 118
           Their names to be revered by posterity 119-122
The story of Elias–
           He is sent a prophet to his people 123
           He preaches against idolatry 124-126
           They accuse him of imposture 127
           The infidels to be punished 128
           His name to be revered by posterity 129-132
The story of Lot–
           God delivers him and his family, except his wife 133-135
           The rest of his people are destroyed 136
           The Makkan infidels warned by the example of the Sodomites 137, 138
The story of Jonas–
           He is sent as a prophet and flees to a ship 139, 140
           He is swallowed by a fish for his sin 141-144
           He is cast on the shore and shaded by a gourd 145, 146
           He is sent to a multitude who believe 147, 148
The Makkans are rebuked for attributing offspring to God 149-160
The reprobate only will be seduced by idolatry 161-163
Muslims worship God, arranging themselves in ranks 164-166
Infidels excuse their unbelief in vain 167-170
Former apostles were assisted against the infidels 171-173
The Prophet exhorted to await divine vengeance on unbelievers 174-179
Praise be to God and peace on his apostles 180-182
Suráh 38

Unbelievers are addicted to pride and contention 1
They are unmoved by the fate of former infidels 2
They wonder at their warner, and call him a sorcerer and a liar 3
The Divine unity is denied by the infidels as a marvellous error 4-6
The confederates are challenged 7-9
Former bands of confederate infidels destroyed 10-13
Judgment impending over the scoffers at Makkah 14, 15
The story of David–
           He was a true believer 16
           Mountains and birds joined him in praising God 17, 18
           He is endowed with a kingdom, wisdom, &c. 19
           He is rebuked by the two adversaries 20-23
           David repents for his fault and is forgiven 23, 24
           He is exhorted to judge righteously 25-27
           He receives the Book of Psalms 28
The story of Solomon–
           He is a devout servant of God 29
           Reviewing his horses, he forgets his prayers 30, 31
           He slays the horses to atone for his neglect 32
           The trial of the counterfeit body 33, 34
           The wind and the devils are made subject to Solomon 35-39
The story of Job–
           He cries to God in his calamity against Satan 40
           God discovers fountains of water for his comfort 41
           His family and property restored him double 42
           He chastises his wife in fulfilment of his oath 43
           He is patient and prayerful 43, 44
Other prophets commended as examples of piety 45-48
Paradise, its glorious described 49-55
Hell, its miseries delineated 55-58
Idolaters and their leaders shall mutually reproach each other in hell 59-61
They shall not find the Muslims there 62-64
Muhammad enjoined to preach against idolatry 65-68
The story of the creation of Adam and the fall of Iblís revealed to 69-74
Iblís refuses to worship Adam through pride 75-77
God curses Iblís, but respites him till the resurrection-day 78-82
Iblís declares to God he will seduce mankind, except the servants 83, 84
           of God
God declares his purpose to fill hell with Satan and his followers 85
Muhammad asks no reward for his services 86
The Qurán an admonition yet to be vindicated before unbelievers 87, 88
Suráh 39
The Qurán a revelation from God to Muhammad 1, 2
Muhammad to exhibit a pure religion to God 2, 3
God will not show favour to idolaters 4, 5
God hath not chosen to have a son 6
God manifest in his works of creation and providence 7, 8
God is Sovereign in his dealings with men 9, 10
The ingratitude of idolaters 11
The righteous and wicked not equal before God 12
The righteous shall be rewarded 13
Muhammad, the first Muslim, must exhibit the pure religion of God 14-16
The loss of the idolaters 17, 18
Idolaters who repent shall be rewarded 19
Muhammad cannot deliver the reprobate 20
The reward of the faithful 21
God revealed in the growth and decay of Nature 22
The Muslim and the infidel not equal 23
The Qurán first frightens, then comforts, the Muslims 24
The punishment of the wicked in hell 25
Former infidels punished for maligning their prophets 26, 27
Every kind of parable in the Qurán 28-30
Muhammad and the infidels shall debate before the Lord 31, 32
The reward and punishment of believers and unbelievers 33-36
The infidels of Makkah threaten Muhammad 37
True believers shall be rightly directed 37, 38
Idolaters acknowledge God as creator 39
Muhammad yet to be vindicated 40-42
God shall raise the dead as he raiseth from sleep 43
None can intercede except by God’s permission 44, 45
Idolaters dread God but joy in their false gods 46
God shall judge between the faithful and the idolaters 47
Idolaters will give two worlds to escape God’s wrath 48
They shall not escape the evils of the judgment-day 49, 50
The infidels of former times were punished 51, 52
The idolaters of Makkah shall not escape 52, 53
Idolaters exhorted to repent; their sin will be forgiven 54-56
The regrets of the impenitent at the judgment-day 57-59
God shall reject their apologies and blacken their faces 60, 61
But he will save the righteous 62
God the Sovereign Ruler of heaven and earth 63
Muhammad cannot worship idols, seeing he has received a 64-66
           revelation from God
The resurrection and the judgment-day, fearful scenes of 67-69
Troop of the righteous and wicked, their reward and punishment 70-73
God shall be praised by righteous men and angels 74, 75
Suráh 40

The Qurán a revelation from the only true God 1-3
It is denied by none but unbelievers 4
Confederated infidels, however prosperous, are doomed 4-6
The angels intercede for true believers 7-9
Infidels shall repent in hell, but in vain 10-12
God to be worshipped as the Supreme Being 13-15
The judgment-day shall come suddenly 16-18
Ungodly men shall have no intercessor 19-21
Former infidels destroyed to warn those coming after 22, 23
Moses called a sorcerer and a liar 24, 25
He and his followers persecuted by Pharaoh and his people 26, 27
Moses takes refuge in the Lord 28
A true believer espouses the cause of Moses 29, 30
He warns Pharaoh and his people against unbelief 31-37
Pharaoh orders a tower to be built up to heaven 38, 39
Pharaoh regards Moses as a liar 40
The true believer exhorts the Egyptians to believe in the God of 41-47
God delivers the true believer from the devices of Pharaoh and his 48
Pharaoh and his people condemned to hell-fire 49
Infidels shall reproach each other in hell, and call on their keepers for 50-53
           help in vain
God assists his apostles in this world and in the next 54, 55
Moses received the Book of the Law 56
Muhammad commanded to be patient, and to ask pardon for his 57
Muhammad to fly for refuge to God against proud infidels 58
God manifested to creation, but few men understand 59
The righteous and the evil not equal 60
The judgment-day sure to come 61
Rejectors of God shall be rejected 62
The true God rejected by ungrateful men 63-66
The true God alone to be worshipped 67, 68
God the Sovereign Creator of all things 69, 70
The miserable lot of those who reject the Scriptures 71-76
Muhammad to persevere patiently 77
No apostle ever wrought miracles without God’s permission 78
God revealed in his works of providence 79-81
Former infidels were destroyed for their unbelief 82, 83
They all repented when too late to avail 84, 85
Suráh 41

The Qurán declared to be given by inspiration 1-3
The people generally rejected it 3, 4
Muhammad only a man, yet a prophet 5
The woe of the wicked and the blessedness of the righteous 6, 7
God’s power manifested in the creation of earth and heaven 8-11
The Quraish are threatened with the fate of Ád and Thamúd 12-16
Believers among the Ádites and Thamúdites were saved 17
In the judgment the unbelievers shall be condemned by the 18-22
           members of their own bodies
The fate of the genii to befall the infidels 23, 24
Unbelievers counsel blasphemous levity–their punishment 25-28
False teachers to be trodden under foot by their own followers in 29
The glorious rewards of the faithful 30-32
The consistent Muslim commended 33
Evil to be turned away by good 34, 35
God the refuge of the Prophet against Satan’s suggestions 36
God’s works testify to himself as alone worthy of worship 37-39
Unbelievers shall not escape in the resurrection 40
The Qurán a revelation of God 41, 42
The infidels offer no new objections to Muhammad and the Qurán 43
Why the Qurán was revealed in the Arabic language 44
The books of Moses at first rejected by his people 45
God rewardeth according to works 46
The hour of the judgment known only to God 47
The false gods will desert their worshippers in the judgment 47, 48
The perfidy of hypocrites 49-51
Rejecters of God’s Word exposed to awful punishment 52-54
Suráh 42

The Almighty reveals his will to Muhammad 1, 2
Angels intercede with God on behalf of sinful man 3
Muhammad not a steward over the idolaters 4
The Qurán revealed in the Arabic language to warn Makkah 5
God the only helper, creator, and preserver, the all-knowing 6-10
Islám the religion of all the former prophets 11-13
Muhammad commanded to declare his faith in the Bible 14
Disputers with God shall be severely punished 15
God only knows the hour of the judgment 16, 17
The Almighty will reward the righteous and the wicked according to 18, 19
           their deeds
Sinners only spared through God’s forbearance 20
Rewards of the just and of the unjust 21, 22
Muhammad charged with imposture 23
The sovereign God forgives and blesses whom he will 24-27
God’s power manifested in his works 28-33
A true believer’s character decided 34-41
The miserable fate of those whom God causes to err 42-45
Sinners exhorted to repent before it is too late 46
Muhammad only a preacher 47
God controls all things 48, 49
Why God reveals himself by inspiration and through apostles 50, 51
Muhammad himself ignorant of Islám until he had received the 52, 53
           revelation of the Qurán
Suráh 43

The Arabic Qurán copied from a divine original 1-3
Former nations, like the Quraish, rejected the prophets 4-7
Idolaters acknowledge God to be creator, yet worship the creature 8-14
The Arabs hate female offspring, and yet attribute such to God 15-18
Idolaters vainly excuse their unbelief by saying they will follow the 19-24
           religion of their fathers
Abraham rejected the idolatry of their fathers 25-27
God prospered the idolatrous Quraish until a prophet came, and 28, 29
           now they reject him
The unbelievers rebuked for saying they would have received the 30, 31
           Qurán from some great man
Poverty only permitted to save men from idolatry 32-34
Devils are constituted the companions of infidels, who lead them to 35-38
Muhammad exhorted to remain steadfast in faith notwithstanding 39-44
           the unbelief of his countrymen
Moses rejected with contempt by Pharaoh and the Egyptians, who 45-56
           were drowned
The Arab idolaters justified their idolatry by reference to the 57, 58
           Christian worship of Jesus
But Jesus did not say he was a god, but was a servant and a 59-64
           prophet of God
Unbelievers warned of approaching judgment 65-67
The joys of Paradise reserved for Muslims and their wives 68-73
The damned shall vainly seek relief in annihilation 74-78
Angels record the secret plottings of infidels 79, 80
If God had a son, Muhammad would be the first to worship him 81, 82
God knoweth the folly of idolaters 83-87
Muhammad commanded to turn aside from the unbelieving 88, 89
Suráh 44

The Qurán sent down on the Blessed Night 1-6
God the only source of life 7
Unbelievers threatened with the tormenting smoke of the 8-15
Pharaoh and his people destroyed for rejecting Moses 16-32
The people of Makkah threatened with the fate of the people 33-37
           of Tubbá
God did not create the universe in jest 38, 39
The judgment-day a day when none shall be helped 40-42
Punishment of the wicked in hell 43-50
Rewards of the righteous in Paradise 51-57
The Qurán revealed in Arabic as an admonition 58
Suráh 45

The Qurán a revelation from God 1
God revealed in his works 2-5
Punishment of those who reject the Qurán 6-10
God’s mercy seen in his works of providence 11, 12
Muslims exhorted to forgive the unbelievers 13, 14
The Book of the law, wisdom, and prophecy given to the Israelites 15, 16
Muhammad received the Qurán 17-19
The wicked and just not rewarded alike 20
Unbelievers and idolaters threatened 21, 22
God the author of life, therefore may raise the dead 23-25
Contrasted condition of believers and unbelievers in the judgment 26-34
Praise to the Lord of the universe 35, 36
Suráh 46

The Qurán a revelation from God 1
Creation a witness for God against idolaters and idolatry 2-5
Muhammad charged with forging the Qurán 6, 7
Muhammad, like other apostles, only a warner 8
Believing Jews confirm the Qurán; unbelieving Jews call it an 9, 10
           antiquated lie
The Qurán confirms the Book of Moses 11
True believers, their happy condition 12, 13
Obedient sons and true believers, their life here and here-after 14, 15
The conduct and fate of the disobedient son 16, 17
Rewards and punishments bestowed in accordance with works 18, 19
The fate of the people of al Ahqáf, &c., a warning to Makkah 20-27
The genii converted by hearing Muhammad recite the Qurán 28-31
God able to raise the dead; Muhammad exhorted to patience and 32-35

Suráh 47

The works of those who oppose Islám shall come to naught 1
True believers shall receive the expiation of their sins 2, 3
How enemies of Islám are to be treated in war 4, 5
God will reward those who fight for Islám 6-8
God will utterly destroy the unbelievers 9-12
The final condition of believers and infidels contrasted 13-17
Hypocrites reproved and warned 18-20
Muhammad commanded to ask pardon for his sins 21
Cowardly Muslims and hypocrites rebuked and warned 22-33
Those who would dissuade Muslims from their duty warned 34-36
Muslims exhorted to boldness in warring for their faith 37
Muslims exhorted to liberality in contributing towards the 38-40
           expenses of holy war
Suráh 48

The victory (at Khaibar) the earnest of the pardon of the sins of the 1-3
The mighty God the comforter of true believers, but the punisher of 4-7
Loyalty to Muhammad is loyalty to God 8-10
Bedouin Arabs denounced for their treachery at Hudaibiyah and 11-14
           their subsequent hypocrisy
The Bedouin Arabs refused a share of the booty taken at Khaibar, 15, 16
           but encouraged with promises
Those alone excused from going to war who are incapacitated 17
Muslim fidelity at Hudaibiyah rewarded by the victory at Khaibar 18, 19
           and much spoil taken there
Many spoils assured to the believers though God had prevented 20-24
           the plunder of Makkah
God spared Makkah in the expedition to Hudaibiyah out of 25, 26
The conquest of Makkah the divine attestation to Muhammad’s 27-29
           apostleship and the religion of Islám
Suráh 49

The Prophet of God to be treated with honour and respect 1-5
Believers warned against misrepresenting any matter to the 6-8
The duty of peacemaking enjoined 9-11
Sundry faults of the Muslims exposed 11-13
Bedouin Arabs rebuked and warned on account of hypocrisy 14-18
Suráh 50

The unbelievers wonder at the doctrine of the resurrection 1-3
This wonder due to their unbelief 4, 5
God’s works a proof of his power to raise the dead 6-11
The Quraish warned by the fate of other nations who rejected their 12, 13
God not so exhausted by the creation that he cannot raise the dead 14
God nearer man than his jugular vein 15
Angels record all human thoughts and actions 16, 17
Death and judgment shall overtake all men 18-20
The testimony of the two angels shall condemn the unbelievers 21, 22
God shall cast the wicked into hell 23-25
The devils shall disclaim the idolaters in hell 26-28
Hell shall be filled with the wicked 29
Paradise shall receive the true believers 30-34
Former generations destroyed as a warning to the people of 35, 36
The heavens and the earth created in six days 37
Muhammad exhorted to patience with unbelievers 38-43
Muhammad not sent to compel men to believe, but only to warn 44, 45
Suráh 51

Numerous oaths that the judgment will come 1-6
Oaths and curses relating to unbelievers 7-11
Doom of infidels and reward of true believers 12-16
The piety and charity of Muslims 17-19
God reveals himself in his work of providence 20-22
Muhammad swears by the Lord that the Qurán is true 23
The story of Abraham’s entertaining angels 24-30
Story of the destruction of Sodom 31-37
Pharaoh, Ád, Thamúd, and the people of Noah destroyed for 38-46
           rejecting their prophets as impostors
God reveals himself to men in his works of creation 47-49
Makkans warned to leave their idols and to fly to God 50, 51
Every apostle of God called a magician or madman 52, 53
Muhammad to withdraw from idolaters and yet to admonish them 54, 55
           for the sake of true believers
Men and genii created to serve God 56, 58
Woe to unbelievers who injure the apostles of God 59, 60
Suráh 52

Oaths by various objects that the judgment-day will come 1-8
The terrors of the unbelievers in that day 9-16
The bliss of Paradise described 17-28
Muhammad not a soothsayer, madman, poet, or impostor 29-34
Unbelievers reproved for their ignorance and idolatry 35-47
Plots of the enemies of Muhammad exposed 42, 43
Muhammad to leave the idolaters to their fate 44-47
Muhammad exhorted to praise and trust the Lord 48, 49
Suráh 53

Oath that Muhammad received the Qurán from the Angel Gabriel 1-5
Description of the angelic visions vouchsafed to Muhammad 6-18
The revelation concerning Al Lát, Al Uzzah, and Manáh, &c. 19-23
The vanity of trusting to the intercession of female deities 24-31
God almighty and omniscient 32, 33
Rebuke of a man who employed another to bear his punishment 34-56
           on the judgment-day
Muhammad a preacher like other prophets 57
The judgment-day approacheth, therefore prepare for it 58-62
Suráh 54

The moon shall be split as a sign of the judgment-day 1, 2
Muhammad commanded to withdraw from the infidels 3-6
Infidels shall surely be overtaken suddenly by the judgment 6-8
Noah was charged with imposture by his enemies, who were 9-14
           destroyed by the flood
Noah’s Ark, like the Qurán, a sign to unbelievers who will not be 15-18
The Ádites destroyed for calling their prophet an impostor 19-22
The Thamúdites destroyed for rejecting their prophet as an 23-32
The Sodomites destroyed because they rejected Lot as an 33-40
Pharaoh and his people destroyed for rejecting Moses as an 41, 42
The people of Makkah warned by these examples of coming 43-48
God’s decree certain and irresistible–illustrated by destruction of 49-51
           former nations
All actions recorded in the Divine records 52, 53
The pious shall dwell in the gardens of Paradise 54, 55
Suráh 55

God taught the Qurán to Muhammad 1
God the creator of all things 2-15
God controlleth the seas and all that is therein 16-25
God ever liveth, though all else decay and die 26-30
God will certainly judge both men and genii 31-40
God will consign the wicked to hell-fire 41-45
The joys of Paradise described 46-78
Suráh 56

The coming of the judgment-day inevitable 1, 2
Its terrors described 3-7
Its coming shall separate men into three classes 8-11
Joys of the Muslim heaven described 12-39
The punishment of the wicked in hell depicted 40-56
Arguments for the resurrection of the dead drawn from God’s work 57-73
           in creation and providence
Oath by the stars that the Qurán is divinely inspired 74-81
Men should believe in God since they cannot save the dying from 82-96
Suráh 57

God omniscient and omnipresent 1-6
Muslims exhorted to give alms and help on the holy war 7-11
The wise and the foolish in the judgment-day 12-14
True believers admonished to submit humbly to God 15-17
God will reward the faithful but will punish the wicked 18
The present life a vain show 19, 20
Men exhorted to seek the life to come 21
All things recorded in God’s book of decrees 22, 23
God hateth proud and covetous persons (therefore the defeat at 24
Apostles sent to former nations 25
Noah, Abraham, the prophets, and Jesus, with the Gospel, sent 26, 27
Christians exhorted to become Muslims 28, 29
Suráh 58

An ancient Arab custom of divorce abrogated 1-5
Those who oppose Muhammad threatened 6, 7
Clandestine discourse against Muhammad censured and 8-11
The prophet of God to be approached with due reverence and 12-14
Muslims reproached for keeping company with Jews and infidels 15-21
Nearest relatives, if unbelievers, to be avoided as enemies of 22
Suráh 59

Everything in the universe praiseth God 1
Passage relating to the expulsion of the Baní Nadhír 2-5
Ruling of Muhammad concerning spoils 6, 7
Special ruling for the benefit of the Muhájirín 8-10
Hypocrites in Madína reproved for treachery 11-17
Muslims exhorted to fear God 18-20
Had the Qurán descended on a mountain, it would have split 21
God hath excellent names, and he only to be worshipped 22-24
Suráh 60

Muslims forbidden to make friends with the enemies of God 1-3
This precept enforced by the example of Abraham 4-6
Enemies of God may become friends of Muslims by conversion 7
Distinction between enemies and mere unbelievers 8, 9
Female refugees, being true believers, are to be regarded as 10
           divorced from their heathen husbands
How to recover dowers of Muslim women who apostatise 11
The confession of faith required of converts from Arab idolatry 12
True believers not to make friends with infidels 13
Suráh 61

All things in the universe praise God 1
Muslims exhorted to be faithful and to fight for Islám 2-4
This exhortation enforced by the example of Moses 5
Jesus foretells Muhammad by the name Ahmad 6
Jesus was rejected as a sorcerer notwithstanding his miracles 7, 8
Islám to be exalted above every other religion 9
Muslims exhorted to seek wealth by fighting for Islám 10, 11
The rewards of those who fight for the faith 12, 13
Muslims exhorted to follow the example of the apostles of Jesus 14
Suráh 62

A wise, powerful, and holy God sent Muhammad as his apostle to 1-4
           the Arabians
The Jews rebuked for their opposition to Islám 5-8
Admonition concerning the observance of worship on Friday 9-11
Suráh 63

The treachery of the hypocrites of Madína exposed and rebuked 1-3
Muhammad warned to beware of trusting the hypocrites 4
Hypocrites cursed and declared reprobates 5, 6
They are threatened with expulsion from Madína 7, 8
The duty of almsgiving enjoined 9-11
Suráh 64

All things in heaven and earth praise God 1
God hath fore-ordained men to be either believers or unbelievers 2
God, the Creator, knoweth all things 3, 4
Former nations destroyed for their unbelief 5, 6
Unbelief will not prevent infidels from rising from the dead 7
Exhortation to believe in God and his Apostle 8-10
God sovereign, therefore should be trusted 11-13
Muslims exhorted to abjure worldly ties and to devote 14-18
           themselves to God
Suráh 65

Certain limitations to the law of divorce 1-7
The apostate and disobedient chastised for their sin 8-10
True believers exhorted to faith in Muhammad 11
God hath created the seven heavens 12
Suráh 66

Muhammad reproved for making a vow to please his wives 1
He is relieved from his vow 2
Muhammad’s wives reproved and threatened for their jealousy in 3-5
           the affair of Mary, the Coptic slave
Exhortation to believers to exercise faith, repentance, &c. 6-8
Muhammad commanded to treat infidels and hypocrites with 9
The wives of Noah, Lot, Pharaoh, and the daughter of Imrán 10-12
           examples to Muslim women
Suráh 67

Praise to the Almighty, the Creator and Ruler of all things 1-3
The perfection of the works of God, seen in the heavens, glorify 3-5
The heavens adorned with shooting stars 5
Torments of hell prepared for unbelievers 6-8
Infidels shall confess in hell their folly in calling Muhammad an 8-11
The righteous shall receive great reward 12
God knoweth all things 13, 14
God shall destroy unbelievers 15-18
Unbelievers ungrateful to the God who sustains them in life 19-24
The Prophet challenged to hasten the judgment-day, but they 25-28
           shall dread its approach
The Merciful the only protector on that day 29, 30
Suráh 68

Muhammad not a madman nor an impostor 1-8
Invective against a prominent enemy of Islám 9-16
The example of certain gardeners a warning to the Makkans 17-34
Unbelievers warned of coming judgment 35-47
Muhammad exhorted not to be impatient, like Jonah 48-50
Extreme hatred of the Quraish towards Muhammad and the Qurán 51, 52
Suráh 69

The judgment of God will infallibly come 1-3
Ád, Thamúd, and Pharaoh destroyed for rejecting their prophets 4-10
As the flood came, so shall the judgment certainly come 11-16
On the judgment-day God’s throne shall be borne by eight mighty 17
The good and bad shall receive their account-books and be judged 18-29
           according to their deeds
Infidels shall be bound with chains seventy cubits in length and be 30-37
           cast into hell-fire
With terrible oaths Muhammad asserts the truth of his prophetic 38-39
Suráh 70

A man demanded that the day of judgment might come at once 1
The day, whose space is fifty thousand years, will surely come 2-4
Muhammad to bear the insults of the infidels patiently, because 5-14
           judgment is near
Riches, children, and friends will not save the wicked from hell 12-18
The wicked are niggardly in health, but full of complaint when evil 19-24
The character of true believers described 25-35
Unbelievers need entertain no hope they shall escape destruction 36-41
Muhammad counselled to permit the unbelieving Makkans to sport 42-45
           themselves, because their damnation is nigh
Suráh 71

Noah sent as a warner; his message to his people 1-4
Noah’s people refuse to believe him, notwithstanding every effort 5-20
The people of Noah plot against him and are destroyed 21-26
Noah prays for the destruction of the infidels, and for the pardon of 27-29
           his parents and the true believers
Suráh 72

Certain of the genii converted to Islám by hearing the Qurán 1, 2
The folly of men and genii in ascribing offspring to God 3-7
Genii prying into heavenly secrets are driven away with fiery darts 8, 9
Different classes of genii, some Muslims and others infidels 10-14
Believing genii rewarded in Paradise, the unbelievers punished in 15-18
The genii pressed upon Muhammad to hear the Qurán 19
Muhammad can only publish what hath been revealed to him 20-24
The judgments of God shall overtake the unbelievers 25, 26
God revealeth his secrets to his apostles only 27, 28
Suráh 73

Muhammad and the Muslims bidden to pray during the night 1-4
The Qurán to be pronounced with a distinct sonorous tone 5-9
Muhammad exhorted to bear patiently the contumelies of the 10, 11
God will visit the infidels with dire calamities 11-14
The punishment of Pharaoh a warning to the people of Makkah 15-19
Modification of the law given in vers. 1-4 20
Suráh 74

Muhammad commanded to rise and preach Islám 1-7
The judgment-day shall be a sad day for the unbelievers 8-10
God exhorts Muhammad to leave his enemy in his hands 11-26
The pains of hell described 27-29
Nineteen angels set as a guard over hell, and why nineteen are 30-34
Oath to attest the horrible calamities of hell-fire 35-40
The wicked shall in hell confess their sins to the righteous 41-49
Infidels shall receive no other warning than that of the Qurán 50-55
Suráh 75

God is able to raise the dead 1-4
Unbelievers may mock, but they shall be overtaken by the 5-11
Man shall be his own accuser on that day 12-15
Muhammad rebuked for anticipating Gabriel in receiving the Qurán 16-19
Men choose this life, but neglect the life to come 20-21
Various thoughts of the righteous and the wicked on the 22-25
Man helpless in the hour of death 26-36
God, who created man, can raise him from the dead 37-40
Suráh 76

Man conceived and born by the power of God 1, 2
Unbelievers warned by the terrors of hell 3, 4
The rewards of the Muslims in Paradise 5-22
The Qurán revealed by degrees 23
Muhammad and the Muslims exhorted to patience and prayer 24-26
Unbelievers love the present life 27, 28
Only those saved whom God willeth to save 29-31
Suráh 77

Oath by the messengers of God that the judgment-day is 1-7
Woe on that day to those who accuse Muhammad of imposture 8-15
In former times infidels were destroyed for accusing their prophets 16-19
           of imposture
God the Creator of all things, therefore woe to those who accuse 20-28
           his messengers of imposture
The woe of those who have been cast into hell for calling their 29-40
           prophets impostors
The joy of those who did not call their prophets impostors 41-44
The infidel Quraish soon to be overtaken by the woes of the 45-50
Suráh 78

Unbelievers shall yet learn the truth of the resurrection 1-5
God the Creator and Preserver of all things 6-16
Judgment-day scenes described 17-20
The recompense of unbelievers in hell described 21-30
The joys of believers in Paradise described 31-37
No intercessor except by God’s permission 37, 38
Sinners exhorted to flee from the day of wrath 39-41
Suráh 79

Oaths by the messengers of death that there will be a resurrection 1-7
           and judgment-day
Infidels shall be restored to life notwithstanding their unbelief 8-14
The story of Moses and his mission to Pharaoh 15-26
The Creator can raise the dead 27-33
The righteous and the wicked in judgment, their various condition 34-41
No one knows the time of judgment, but whenever it comes it will 42-46
           be soon for the infidels
Suráh 80

Muhammad rebuked for frowning on a poor blind Muslim 1-11
The Qurán written in honourable, exalted, and pure volumes 12-15
Man cursed for turning aside from his Creator 16-23
It is God who provides man with food 24-32
On the judgment-day men will desert their nearest relatives and 33-37
The bright and sad faces of the resurrection-day 38-42
Suráh 81

The terrible signs of the judgment-day 1-14
Oaths that the Qurán is the word of God, and that Muhammad is 15-25
           neither a madman nor deluded by the devil
The Qurán an admonition to all men 26-29
Suráh 82

Signs of the judgment-day 1-5
Astonishing unbelief of man in his Creator 6-9
Guardian angels record the deeds of men 10-12
In the judgment the righteous shall be rewarded and the wicked 13-16
On the day of judgment there shall be no intercessor 17-19
Suráh 83

Denunciation of those who use false weights and measures 1-6
The acts of the wicked are recorded in the book Sajjín 7-9
Woe to those who reject Muhammad and deny the judgment-day 10-18
The acts of the righteous are registered in Illíyún 18-21
The rewards of the righteous in Paradise 22-28
Unbelievers mock at Muslims now, but shall be laughed at in turn 29-36
Suráh 84

Signs of the judgment-day 1-5
The books of the righteous and the wicked given into their hands, 6-15
           and the consequence thereof
Oaths attesting the doctrine of the resurrection 16-20
The unbelievers denounced and threatened 21-25
Suráh 85

Cursed were the persecutors of the believers burned with fire 1-7
The believers persecuted for their faith in God 8, 9
For the infidels is hell-fire, but for believers Paradise 10-12
God is Creator and Sovereign Ruler of the universe 13-16
Pharaoh and Thamúd examples to warn those who reject the 17-20
The glorious Qurán is kept in the Preserved Table 21
Suráh 86

Oath by the star of piercing brightness 1-3
Every soul has its guardian angel 4
God the Creator, and therefore can raise the dead 5-8
The judgment-day shall reveal secret thoughts 9, 10
Oaths by heaven and earth that the Qurán is God’s word 11-14
Muhammad exhorted to bear patiently with the unbelievers 15-17
           plotting his ruin
Suráh 87

God, the Most High, praised for his works 1-5
God promises to help Muhammad to proclaim the Qurán 6-9
The God-fearing only shall be admonished 10, 11
The wicked shall be punished, but the righteous shall be blessed 12-15
Men choose the present life rather than the life to come 16, 17
The books of Abraham and Moses attest the Qurán 18, 19
Suráh 88

The terrible day of judgment 1-3
Description of the torments of hell 4-7
The joyful state of the Muslims on the judgment-day 8-16
God manifests himself in his works 17-20
Muhammad only to warn, not to rule over, the infidels 21, 22
God will himself punish the unbelievers 23-26
Suráh 89

Various oaths by natural objects 1-4
Unbelievers are warned by the fate of Ád, Thamúd, and Pharaoh 5-13
Man praises God in prosperity, but reproaches him in adversity 14-17
Oppression of the poor and the orphan denounced 18-22
The wicked will vainly regret their evil deeds on the judgment-day 23-25
The believing soul invited to the joys of Paradise 26-30
Suráh 90

Man, though created in misery, yet boasts of his riches 1-7
Captives to be freed and the poor and orphan to be fed 8-16
Description of the companions of the right and left hand 17-20
Suráh 91

Oaths that man’s happiness and misery depends on the purity or 1-10
           corruption he hath wrought in it
Thamúd destroyed for rejecting their prophet 11-15
Suráh 92

Oaths by various natural objects 1-4
The obedient blessed and the covetous accursed 5-13
The covetous threatened with hell-fire 14-16
True believers shall be rewarded hereafter 17-21
Suráh 93

Muhammad comforted by the assurance that God is with him 1-3
The life to come to be preferred to the present life 4, 5
Muhammad exhorted to care for the orphan and beggar 6-11
Suráh 94

God made Muhammad’s mission easy to him 1-4
He is exhorted to labour and pray after the mission is ended 5-8
Suráh 95

Oaths that God created man “a most excellent fabric” 1-4
God has made all men vile except true believers 5, 6
None may rightly deny the judgment-day 7, 8

Suráh 96

Command to Muhammad to recite the Qurán 1-5
Rebuke of Abu Jahl for hindering the Muslim cause 6-14
Abu Jahl threatened with the pains of hell 15-19
Suráh 97

The Qurán or a divine illumination vouchsafed to Muhammad on 1
           the night of al Qadr
The night of al Qadr described and lauded 2-5
Suráh 98

The idolaters stagger at the revelations of the Qurán 1, 2
Jews and Christians dispute among themselves since the advent 3, 4
           of Muhammad and his new religion
Unbelievers of all classes threatened with divine judgments 5
Muslims are “the best of creatures;” their reward 6-8
Suráh 99

The judgment-day shall be ushered in by a great earthquake 1-3
The earth shall be inspired to declare why she trembles 4, 5
Men shall be judged according to their deeds 6-8

Suráh 100

Oaths that man is ungrateful to his God 1-6
Man loves the things of this world 7, 8
Man’s secret thoughts shall be discovered in the judgment-day 9-11
Suráh 101

The day of judgment a day of striking 1-5
The good and bad shall be judged according to their works 6-9
Háwíyah described 10, 11
Suráh 102

Men spend their time seeking the things of this world 1-3
The judgment-day shall reveal their folly 3-5
In consequence they shall see hell-fire 6-8
Suráh 103

Men generally seek for gain and find loss 1, 2
The righteous, however, are the exception to this rule 3, 4
Suráh 104

Woes pronounced on slanderers and backbiters 1-4
Al Hutama described 5-9
Suráh 105

The army of Abraha destroyed for attacking the Kaabah 1-5
Suráh 106

The Quraish exhorted to thank God for commercial privileges 1-4
Suráh 107

Denunciation of the infidels, who deny the Qurán and oppress the 1, 2
Hypocrites rebuked for neglect of prayer and charity 3-7
Suráh 108

Muhammad comforted with abundance of goods 1-3
Suráh 109

Muhammad declines to compromise with idolatry 1-6
Suráh 110

Command to praise God for the victory of Islám 1-3
Suráh 111

The curse of Muhammad against Abu Lahab and his house 1-5
Suráh 112

The unity of God declared 1-4
Suráh 113

(no outline given)

Suráh 114

(no outline given)