Search for tag "Central Organization for a Durable Peace"
|1899. 18 May – 28 Jul
||At the suggestion of Czar Nicholas II of Russia, the First International Peace Conference was held in The Hague. 26 nations attended.
Although the conference failed to achieve its primary objective, the limitation on armaments, it did adopt conventions defining the state of belligerency and adopted the Convention for the Pacific Settlement of International Disputes thus creating the Permanent Court of Arbitration. [Encyclopaedia Britannica]
||The Hague; Netherlands
||International Peace Conferences; Czar Nicholas II; Convention for the Pacific Settlement of International Disputes; Permanent Court of Arbitration; Central Organization for a Durable Peace
|1907. 15 Jun – 18 Oct
||The Second Peace Conference in The Hague was attended by the representatives of 44 states. Again the proposal for the limitation of armaments was not accepted. The conference did, however, adopt several conventions relating to comportment of nations in time of war. It was resolved to hold another conference in eight years and although the conference scheduled for 1915 failed to meet because of the outbreak of World War I, the conference idea strongly influenced the creation of the more highly organized League of Nations after the war. [Encyclopaedia Britannica]
||The Hague; Netherlands
||International Peace Conferences; League of Nations; Central Organization for a Durable Peace
||The Central Organization for a Durable Peace was formed at The Hague (the Netherlands) in April 1915 by representatives from nine European nations and the United States. The deliberations of this meeting were summarized in a manifesto, and a nine point minimum-program calling for coercive sanctions, which were studied by nine international research committees and several national committees. Departing from strict pacifism, the organization expressed a willingness to accept military sanctions against countries that started hostilities without first making a good faith effort to resolve a dispute by submitting to international arbitration or making some other appeal to the existing peace machinery.
||The Hague; Netherlands
||Central Organization for a Durable Peace
||A third international peace conference was planned by the Central Organization for a Durable Peace in The Hague and to this end they put out a request for interested specialist to attend. Two Bahá'ís in Tehran, Ahmad Yazdáni and 'Alí Muhammad 'Ibn-i-Asdaq, draw the organization's intention to 'Abdu'l-Bahá.
1916 February 11 After correspondence with Yazdáni, the Executive sent a letter to Tehran to be delivered to 'Abdu'l-Bahá. Communications were disrupted because of the war and the letter was not delivered to Him in Haifa until the 17th of December, 1919. He wrote a reply immediately and asked Ahmad Yazdáni and 'Alí Muhammad 'Ibn-i-Asdaq to come to Haifa and deliver the Tablet for HIm. In May of 1920 they departed for Rotterdam. Upon arrival they took a train to The Hague and delivered the Tablet on the 27th of May.
They learned that the Central Organization has been all but dissolved and that their objective, to hold a third peace conference, had been surpassed by their country's membership in the recently formed League of Nations in Geneva.
1920 June 12. The Executive Committee answered 'Abdu'l-Bahá's letter which Yazdani sent to Haifa.
1920 August 6 'Abdu'l-Bahá response, the Second Tablet to the Central Organization for a Durable Peace was delivered to the Executive Committee.
See the complete story of the Tablets and of the months of teaching by Ahmad Yazdáni and 'Alí Muhammad 'Ibn-i-Asdaq in a number cities in Holland.
First Tablet to The Hague 17 December 1919. Also printed in SoW Vol 11 No 8 1 August, 1920 p123.
Second Tablet to The Hague 1 July 1920. Also printed in Sow Vol 11 No 17 19 January, 1921 p288
|The Hague; Netherlands
||Central Organization for a Durable Peace; Lawh-i-Hague (Tablet to The Hague); Ibn-i-Asdaq (Mirza Ali-Muhammad)
|1919 17 Dec
||`Abdu'l-Bahá sent His Tablet to the Central Organization for a Durable Peace at the Hague in response to a communication addressed to Him by the executive committee. [AB438; BBD1 15; GPB308]
He defined the Bahá'í peace programme and covered a wide spectrum of peace-producing Bahá'í social and spiritual teachings. [BW3:12]
It was delivered in person by Ibn-i-Asdaq and Ahmad Yazdání. [EB176]
See also The Journey of 'Abdu'l-Bahá's Tablet to The Hague - A Photo Chronology
||Haifa; The Hague; Netherlands
||Abdul-Baha, Writings and talks of; Abdul-Baha, Life of; Lawh-i-Hague (Tablet to The Hague); Ibn-i-Asdaq (Mirza Ali-Muhammad); Peace; World peace (general); - Basic timeline, Expanded; Abdul-Baha, Basic timeline; Central Organization for a Durable Peace
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- Journey of 'Abdu'l-Bahá's "Tablet to the Hague", The: A Photo Chronology (2019). Link (offsite) to a visual tour of the history, people, and events relevant to Abdu'l-Bahá's "Letter to the Central Organisation for a Durable Peace." [about]
- Tablet to the Central Organization for a Durable Peace, The Hague, by Abdu'l-Bahá (1919). A letter written by ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’ to the Central Organization for a Durable Peace, The Hague, December 17, 1919. Translators unknown. [about]
- Tablet to the Central Organization for a Durable Peace, The Hague, by Abdu'l-Bahá (2019). Updated, authorized translation of both Tablets (1919 and 1920), described by Shoghi Effendi as of "far-reaching importance," was despatched to Executive Committee for a Durable Peace at The Hague by a special delegation. [about]