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Search for tag "Martha Root"

from the chronology

date event locations tags see also
1872 10 Aug Birth of Martha Root, Hand of the Cause and itinerant Bahá'í teacher, in Richmond, Ohio. Richmond; Ohio; United States Martha Root; Hands of the Cause; Hands of the Cause, Births and deaths; Births and deaths
1919 26 Apr-1 May The 14 Tablets of the Divine Plan were unveiled in a dramatic ceremony at the Hotel McAlpin in New York, during the `Convention of the Covenant'. The Tablets had been brought to America by Ahmad Sohrab at the request of the Guardian. [ABNYP172Note24, BBD219; PP437; SBBH1:134; SBBH2:135; SBR86; AB220TDPXI]
  • For details of the convention programme, Tablets and talks given see SW10, 4:54-72; SW10, 5:83-94; SW10, 6:99-103, 111-12 SW10, 7:122-7, 138; SW10, 10:197-203; and SW10, 12:2279.
  • Mary Maxwell (Rúhíyyih Khánum) was among the young people who unveil the Tablets. [PP437]
  • Hyde and Clara Dunn and Martha Root responded immediately to the appeal, the Dunns went to Australia where they open 700 towns to the Faith, and Martha Root embarked on the first of her journeys which are to extend over 20 years. [GPB308; MR88]
  • See also CT138-9.
  • Agnes Parsons arrived from her pilgrimage just before the close of the convention and was able to convey the instructions from `Abdu'l-Bahá to arrange a Convention for `the unity of the coloured and white races'. [BW5:413; SBR87]
  • New York; United States Tablets of the Divine Plan; Abdul-Baha, Writings and talks of; Charters; Conventions, National; Amatul-Baha Ruhiyyih Khanum; Agnes Parsons; Hyde Dunn; Clara Dunn; Martha Root; Race (general); Race amity; Race unity; Ahmad Sohrab
    1919 22 Jul Martha Root left New York on the first of her teaching journeys for the Bahá'í Faith in spite of a strike that threatened to cancel her trip. [MR90; PG104] New York Martha Root
    1919 c. 4 Aug Martha Root set foot in South America for the first time, at Para (now Belém), Brazil. [MR93; MRHK44]
  • See MR93-100 and MRHK44-59 for her teaching work in Brazil.
  • South America; Para (Belem); Brazil Martha Root
    1919 19 Sep Martha Root arrived in Montevideo, Uruguay, the first Bahá'í to visit the country.
  • She spent 12 hours in the city, gave books to two libraries and placed an article about the Faith in the newspaper El Dia.
  • Montevideo; Uruguay Martha Root
    1919 20 Sep Martha Root arrived in Argentina, the first recorded visit of a Bahá'í to this country. [MR101]
  • She remained in Buenos Aires until 4 October. [MR101]
  • See MR101-2 and MRHK61-5 for her teaching work in Argentina.
  • See MR103-6 and MRHK66-9 for her journey over the Andes on a mule.
  • Buenos Aires; Argentina Martha Root; Andes; First Bahais by country or area
    1919 Oct Martha Root visited Chile, the first Bahá'í to do so.
  • During her four-hour stay in Valparaiso she met with the Theosophical Society to speak about the Bahá'í Faith.
  • Chile Martha Root; Theosophical Society
    1919 25 Oct Martha Root arrived in Panama, the first Bahá'í to visit the country. She spent one week there. Panama Martha Root
    1919 Late Martha Root visited Cuba for one day, the first Bahá'í to do so, and lectured on the Bahá'í Faith. Cuba Martha Root
    1923 25 Apr Martha Root left Osaka for northern China. [PH31]
  • It was her second visit to China and lasted until March 1924. [PH31-2]
  • China Martha Root
    1923 4 Nov The first recorded Bahá'í Feast in China was held in Beijing. [PH33]
  • Martha Root and Agnes Alexander were present. [PH33]
  • Beijing; China Nineteen Day Feast; Martha Root; Agnes Alexander
    1926 (In the year) Martha Root visited Budapest and taught the Faith to one of the grandsons of Arminius Vámbéry, Mr. György Vámbéry. He was 21 at the time and passed away some two years later. [www.bahai.hu] Budapest; Hungary Martha Root; Arminius Vambery; Gyorgy Vambery
    1926 28 Jan Martha Root sent a note and a copy of Bahá’u’lláh and the New Era to Queen Marie of Romania. [GBF42; GPB390; MR242] Romania Martha Root; Queen Marie of Romania; Esslemont
    1926 30 Jan Martha Root met with Queen Marie of Romania for the first time. [BBR59; GBF42; GPB390; PP107, HEC49]
  • For the details of the meeting and the acceptance of the Faith by Queen Marie see GBP389–96, BW6p580 and MR240–6.
  • This was the first of eight meetings between Martha Root and Queen Marie.
  • Romania Martha Root; Queen Marie of Romania; Bahai royalty
    1926 First week in Feb Martha Root arrived in Bulgaria, the earliest documented visit to that country by a Bahá’í. [MR247]
  • She stayed 12 days. [MR247]
  • Bahá’ís had passed through Bulgaria on their way to Turkey, but Martha Root’s visit was the first one documented.
  • Bulgaria Martha Root
    1927 Apr-May Martha Root journeyed through the Baltic States and become the first Bahá’í to visit Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia (2 May). [MR272–4] Baltic States; Latvia; Lithuania; Estonia Martha Root
    1928 Jun Martha Root visited the parents of Milosh Wurm in Brno. He had been the first to become a Bahá'í in Czechoslovakia and the first to have translated a book into Czech when he was only seventeen years of age. He lost his life in the Great War. [BW3p44, Bahá'í Historical Facts 26 March, 2018] Brno; Czechoslovakia Martha Root; Milosh Wurm; First Bahais by country or area
    1928 Jul The first International Religious Congress for World Peace was held at The Hague. It was attended by Martha Root. [BW3:45] Hague, The; Netherlands Conferences, Peace; Martha Root; First conferences
    1929 End of Aug Martha Root arrived in Albania, the first Bahá’í to set foot in the country. [MR317]
  • She obtained an audience with King Zog I and was warmly received by him. [MR319]
  • For Martha Root’s own account of her stay in Albania see MR319–20.
  • Albania Martha Root; King Zog I
    1930 2 Jan Martha Roots met with King Faisal of Iraq in Baghdad to discuss the issue of the House of Bahá'u'lláh. The King said that a committee had been formed to study the problem and to settle it in such a way as to satisfy all groups interested in the matter. [MRHK149] Baghdad; Iraq House of Bahaullah (Baghdad); Martha Root; King Faisal
    1936 Feb Martha Root met with Queen Marie of Romania for the eighth and last time. [MRHK413] Romania Martha Root; Queen Marie of Romania
    1939 28 Sep Martha Root, ‘foremost Hand raised by Bahá’u’lláh’, passed away in Honolulu. (b. 10 August,1872 Richwood Union County Ohio, USA) [BBD198–9; GPB388; MRHK486; PP105]
  • Photos of her gravesite 1, 2 and 3.
  • Directions to her gravesite.
  • For Shoghi Effendi’s tribute to her see GPB386–9.
  • Shoghi Effendi called her the ‘archetype of Bahá’í itinerant teachers’, the ‘foremost Hand raised by Bahá’u’lláh since ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s passing’, ‘Leading ambassadress of His Faith’ and ‘Pride of Bahá’í teachers’. [GPB386]
  • From the Guardian...her "acts shed imperishable lustre American Bahá'í Community". [PP106]
  • For her obituary see BW8:643–8.
  • She was buried in the Nuuanu Cemetery, Honolulu.
  • See also Garis, Martha Root: Lioness at the Threshold and Martha Root: Herald of The Kingdom.
  • See Other People Other Places by Marzieh Gail (pages 170-175) for a pen-portrait of Martha Root.
  • She was designated a Hand of the Cause of God on the 3rd of October, 1954. [MoCxxii]
  • Honolulu; Hawaii Martha Root; Hands of the Cause; Hands of the Cause, Births and deaths; Births and deaths; Hands of the Cause, Activities; Hands appointed posthumously by Shoghi Effendi; Cemeteries and graves; In Memoriam
    1954 3 Oct Shoghi Effendi designated Martha Root as a Hand of the Cause of God posthumously. She had passed away on September 28, 1939 in Hawaii.
  • Shoghi Effendi called her the ‘archetype of Bahá’í itinerant teachers’, the ‘foremost Hand raised by Bahá’u’lláh since ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s passing’, ‘Leading ambassadress of His Faith’ and ‘Pride of Bahá’í teachers’. [GPB386]
  • Hand of the Cause of God; Martha root find reference

    from the main catalogue

    1. Fadil-i-Mazandarani, by Universal House of Justice (1998). Was Fadil-i-Mazandarani declared a Hand of the Cause of God, and on determining if there were other Hands. [about]
    2. In search of Martha Root: An American Bahá'í feminist and peace advocate in the early twentieth century, by Jiling Yang (2007). Early life of Root, her four world teaching trips from 1919 to 1939 with a focus on peace advocacy, and gender and identity reflections on Tahirih. Link to thesis (offsite). [about]
    3. Interdependence of Bahá'í Communities, The: Services of North American Bahá'í Women to Iran, by Baharieh Rouhani Ma'ani, in Journal of Bahá'í Studies, 4:1 (1991). [about]
    4. Letter to Martha Root, by Abdu'l-Bahá (1920). A letter to believers in America. [about]
    5. Martha Root: "Herald of the Kingdom", by Barbara Casterline, in Bahá'í News, 496-497 (1972). Two-part overview of Root's life and a concise history of her travels. [about]
    6. Martha Root's gravesite in Honolulu, driving directions. Written directions to the resting place of Martha Louise Root, in Honolulu Hawaii [about]
    7. Root, Martha, by Richard Francis (1993). Bio of the "Herald of the Kingdom, Lioness at the Threshold." [about]
    8. Root, Martha Louise, by Loni Bramson, in World Religions: Belief, Culture, and Controversy (2011). [about]
    9. Shoghi Effendi in Oxford, by Riaz Khadem, and Her Eternal Crown, Queen Marie of Romania and the Bahá'í Faith, by Della Marcus: Reviews, by Lil Osborn, in Bahá'í Studies Review, 10 (2001). [about]
    10. Tahirih, The Pure, Iran's Greatest Woman, by Martha L. Root (1938). Life Story of Tahirih, the Heroine of the Faith of the Bab, 1938 Edition [about]
    11. Through the Eyes of Margaret Cousins: Irish and Indian Suffragette, by Keith Munro (2018). Biography of the co-founder of the Irish Women's Franchise League, a theosophist, who met both Martha Root and Shoghi Effendi. [about]
    12. When the Saints Come Marching In: The Art of Bahá'í Biography, by Sidney Edward Morrison and Frank Lewis, in dialogue magazine, 1:1 (1986). Comments on hagiography, including reviews of nine popular Baha'i biographies. Includes response "In Praise of Saints" by Frank Lewis (from dialogue 1:3). [about]
     
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