O mankind! reverence your Guardian-Lord, who created you from a single
person, created, of like nature, His mate, and from them twain
scattered (like seeds) countless men and women;- reverence God,
through whom ye demand your mutual (rights), and (reverence) the wombs
(That bore you): for God ever watches over you.
To orphans restore their property (When they reach their age), nor
substitute (your) worthless things for (their) good ones; and devour
not their substance (by mixing it up) with your won. For this is
indeed a great sin.
If ye fear that ye shall not be able to deal justly with the orphans,
Marry women of your choice, Two or three or four; but if ye fear that
ye shall not be able to deal justly (with them), then only one, or (a
captive) that your right hands possess, that will be more suitable, to
prevent you from doing injustice.
And give the women (on marriage) their dower as a free gift; but if
they, of their own good pleasure, remit any part of it to you, Take it
and enjoy it with right good cheer.
To those weak of understanding Make not over your property, which God
hath made a means of support for you, but feed and clothe them
therewith, and speak to them words of kindness and justice.
Make trial of orphans until they reach the age of marriage; if then ye
find sound judgment in them, release their property to them; but
consume it not wastefully, nor in haste against their growing up. If
the guardian is well-off, Let him claim no remuneration, but if he is
poor, let him have for himself what is just and reasonable. When ye
release their property to them, take witnesses in their presence: But
all-sufficient is God in taking account.
From what is left by parents and those nearest related there is a
share for men and a share for women, whether the property be small or
large,-a determinate share.
But if at the time of division other relatives, or orphans or poor,
are present, feed them out of the (property), and speak to them words
of kindness and justice.
Let those (disposing of an estate) have the same fear in their minds
as they would have for their own if they had left a helpless family
behind: Let them fear God, and speak words of appropriate (comfort).
Those who unjustly eat up the property of orphans, eat up a Fire into
their own bodies: They will soon be enduring a Blazing Fire!
God (thus) directs you as regards your Children's (Inheritance): to
the male, a portion equal to that of two females: if only daughters,
two or more, their share is two-thirds of the inheritance; if only
one, her share is a half. For parents, a sixth share of the
inheritance to each, if the deceased left children; if no children,
and the parents are the (only) heirs, the mother has a third; if the
deceased Left brothers (or sisters) the mother has a sixth. (The
distribution in all cases ('s) after the payment of legacies and
debts. Ye know not whether your parents or your children are nearest
to you in benefit. These are settled portions ordained by God; and God
is All-knowing, All-wise.
In what your wives leave, your share is a half, if they leave no
child; but if they leave a child, ye get a fourth; after payment of
legacies and debts. In what ye leave, their share is a fourth, if ye
leave no child; but if ye leave a child, they get an eighth; after
payment of legacies and debts. If the man or woman whose inheritance
is in question, has left neither ascendants nor descendants, but has
left a brother or a sister, each one of the two gets a sixth; but if
more than two, they share in a third; after payment of legacies and
debts; so that no loss is caused (to any one). Thus is it ordained by
God; and God is All-knowing, Most Forbearing.
Those are limits set by God: those who obey God and His Apostle will
be admitted to Gardens with rivers flowing beneath, to abide therein
(for ever) and that will be the supreme achievement.
But those who disobey God and His Apostle and transgress His limits
will be admitted to a Fire, to abide therein: And they shall have a
If any of your women are guilty of lewdness, Take the evidence of four
(Reliable) witnesses from amongst you against them; and if they
testify, confine them to houses until death do claim them, or God
ordain for them some (other) way.
If two men among you are guilty of lewdness, punish them both. If they
repent and amend, Leave them alone; for God is Oft-returning, Most
God accept the repentance of those who do evil in ignorance and repent
soon afterwards; to them will God turn in mercy: For God is full of
knowledge and wisdom.
Of no effect is the repentance of those who continue to do evil, until
death faces one of them, and he says, "Now have I repented indeed;"
nor of those who die rejecting Faith: for them have We prepared a
punishment most grievous.
O ye who believe! Ye are forbidden to inherit women against their
will. Nor should ye treat them with harshness, that ye may Take away
part of the dower ye have given them,-except where they have been
guilty of open lewdness; on the contrary live with them on a footing
of kindness and equity. If ye take a dislike to them it may be that ye
dislike a thing, and God brings about through it a great deal of good.
But if ye decide to take one wife in place of another, even if ye had
given the latter a whole treasure for dower, Take not the least bit of
it back: Would ye take it by slander and manifest wrong?
And how could ye take it when ye have gone in unto each other, and
they have Taken from you a solemn covenant?
And marry not women whom your fathers married,- except what is past:
It was shameful and odious,- an abominable custom indeed.
Prohibited to you (For marriage) are:- Your mothers, daughters,
sisters; father's sisters, Mother's sisters; brother's daughters,
sister's daughters; foster-mothers (Who gave you suck),
foster-sisters; your wives' mothers; your step-daughters under your
guardianship, born of your wives to whom ye have gone in,- no
prohibition if ye have not gone in;- (Those who have been) wives of
your sons proceeding from your loins; and two sisters in wedlock at
one and the same time, except for what is past; for God is
Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful;-
Also (prohibited are) women already married, except those whom your
right hands possess: Thus hath God ordained (Prohibitions) against
you: Except for these, all others are lawful, provided ye seek (them
in marriage) with gifts from your property,- desiring chastity, not
lust, seeing that ye derive benefit from them, give them their dowers
(at least) as prescribed; but if, after a dower is prescribed, agree
Mutually (to vary it), there is no blame on you, and God is
If any of you have not the means wherewith to wed free believing
women, they may wed believing girls from among those whom your right
hands possess: And God hath full knowledge about your faith. Ye are
one from another: Wed them with the leave of their owners, and give
them their dowers, according to what is reasonable: They should be
chaste, not lustful, nor taking paramours: when they are taken in
wedlock, if they fall into shame, their punishment is half that for
free women. This (permission) is for those among you who fear sin;
but it is better for you that ye practise self-restraint. And God is
Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful.
God doth wish to make clear to you and to show you the ordinances of
those before you; and (He doth wish to) turn to you (In Mercy): And
God is All-knowing, All-wise.
God doth wish to Turn to you, but the wish of those who follow their
lusts is that ye should turn away (from Him),- far, far away.
God doth wish to lighten your (difficulties): For man was created Weak
O ye who believe! Eat not up your property among yourselves in
vanities: But let there be amongst you Traffic and trade by mutual
good-will: Nor kill (or destroy) yourselves: for verily God hath been
to you Most Merciful!
If any do that in rancour and injustice,- soon shall We cast them into
the Fire: And easy it is for God.
If ye (but) eschew the most heinous of the things which ye are
forbidden to do, We shall expel out of you all the evil in you, and
admit you to a gate of great honour.
And in no wise covet those things in which God Hath bestowed His gifts
More freely on some of you than on others: To men is allotted what
they earn, and to women what they earn: But ask God of His bounty. For
God hath full knowledge of all things.
To (benefit) every one, We have appointed shares and heirs to property
left by parents and relatives. To those, also, to whom your right hand
was pledged, give their due portion. For truly God is witness to all
Men are the protectors and maintainers of women, because God has given
the one more (strength) than the other, and because they support them
from their means. Therefore the righteous women are devoutly obedient,
and guard in (the husband's) absence what God would have them
guard. As to those women on whose part ye fear disloyalty and
ill-conduct, admonish them (first), (Next), refuse to share their
beds, (And last) beat them (lightly); but if they return to obedience,
seek not against them Means (of annoyance): For God is Most High,
great (above you all).
If ye fear a breach between them twain, appoint (two) arbiters, one
from his family, and the other from hers; if they wish for peace, God
will cause their reconciliation: For God hath full knowledge, and is
acquainted with all things.
Serve God, and join not any partners with Him; and do good- to
parents, kinsfolk, orphans, those in need, neighbours who are near,
neighbours who are strangers, the companion by your side, the wayfarer
(ye meet), and what your right hands possess: For God loveth not the
arrogant, the vainglorious;-
(Nor) those who are niggardly or enjoin niggardliness on others, or
hide the bounties which God hath bestowed on them; for We have
prepared, for those who resist Faith, a punishment that steeps them in
Not those who spend of their substance, to be seen of men, but have no
faith in God and the Last Day: If any take the Evil One for their
intimate, what a dreadful intimate he is!
And what burden Were it on them if they had faith in God and in the
Last Day, and they spent out of what God hath given them for
sustenance? For God hath full knowledge of them.
God is never unjust in the least degree: If there is any good (done),
He doubleth it, and giveth from His own presence a great reward.
How then if We brought from each people a witness, and We brought thee
as a witness against these people!
On that day those who reject Faith and disobey the apostle will wish
that the earth Were made one with them: But never will they hide a
single fact from God!
O ye who believe! Approach not prayers with a mind befogged, until ye
can understand all that ye say,- nor in a state of ceremonial impurity
(Except when travelling on the road), until after washing your whole
body. If ye are ill, or on a journey, or one of you cometh from
offices of nature, or ye have been in contact with women, and ye find
no water, then take for yourselves clean sand or earth, and rub
therewith your faces and hands. For God doth blot out sins and forgive
again and again.
Hast thou not turned Thy vision to those who were given a portion of
the Book? they traffic in error, and wish that ye should lose the
But God hath full knowledge of your enemies: God is enough for a
protector, and God is enough for a Helper.
Of the Jews there are those who displace words from their (right)
places, and say: "We hear and we disobey"; and "Hear what is not
Heard"; and "Ra'ina"; with a twist of their tongues and a slander to
Faith. If only they had said: "What hear and we obey"; and "Do hear";
and "Do look at us"; it would have been better for them, and more
proper; but God hath cursed them for their Unbelief; and but few of
them will believe.
O ye People of the Book! believe in what We have (now) revealed,
confirming what was (already) with you, before We change the face and
fame of some (of you) beyond all recognition, and turn them hindwards,
or curse them as We cursed the Sabbath-breakers, for the decision of
God Must be carried out.
God forgiveth not that partners should be set up with Him; but He
forgiveth anything else, to whom He pleaseth; to set up partners with
God is to devise a sin Most heinous indeed.
Hast thou not turned Thy vision to those who claim sanctity for
themselves? Nay-but God Doth sanctify whom He pleaseth. But never will
they fail to receive justice in the least little thing.
Behold! how they invent a lie against God! but that by itself is a
Hast thou not turned Thy vision to those who were given a portion of
the Book? they believe in sorcery and Evil, and say to the Unbelievers
that they are better guided in the (right) way Than the believers!
They are (men) whom God hath cursed: And those whom God Hath cursed,
thou wilt find, have no one to help.
Have they a share in dominion or power? Behold, they give not a
farthing to their fellow-men?
Or do they envy mankind for what God hath given them of his bounty?
but We had already given the people of Abraham the Book and Wisdom,
and conferred upon them a great kingdom.
Some of them believed, and some of them averted their faces from him:
And enough is Hell for a burning fire.
Those who reject our Signs, We shall soon cast into the Fire: as often
as their skins are roasted through, We shall change them for fresh
skins, that they may taste the penalty: for God is Exalted in Power,
But those who believe and do deeds of righteousness, We shall soon
admit to Gardens, with rivers flowing beneath,- their eternal home:
Therein shall they have companions pure and holy: We shall admit them
to shades, cool and ever deepening.
God doth command you to render back your Trusts to those to whom they
are due; And when ye judge between man and man, that ye judge with
justice: Verily how excellent is the teaching which He giveth you! For
God is He Who heareth and seeth all things.
O ye who believe! Obey God, and obey the Apostle, and those charged
with authority among you. If ye differ in anything among yourselves,
refer it to God and His Apostle, if ye do believe in God and the Last
Day: That is best, and most suitable for final determination.
Hast thou not turned Thy vision to those who declare that they believe
in the revelations that have come to thee and to those before thee?
Their (real) wish is to resort together for judgment (in their
disputes) to the Evil One, though they were ordered to reject him. But
Satan's wish is to lead them astray far away (from the right).
When it is said to them: "Come to what God hath revealed, and to the
Apostle": Thou seest the Hypocrites avert their faces from thee in
How then, when they are seized by misfortune, because of the deeds
which they hands have sent forth? Then their come to thee, swearing
by God: "We meant no more than good-will and conciliation!"
Those men,-God knows what is in their hearts; so keep clear of them,
but admonish them, and speak to them a word to reach their very souls.
We sent not an apostle, but to be obeyed, in accordance with the will
of God. If they had only, when they were unjust to themselves, come
unto thee and asked God's forgiveness, and the Apostle had asked
forgiveness for them, they would have found God indeed Oft-returning,
But no, by the Lord, they can have no (real) Faith, until they make
thee judge in all disputes between them, and find in their souls no
resistance against Thy decisions, but accept them with the fullest
If We had ordered them to sacrifice their lives or to leave their
homes, very few of them would have done it: But if they had done what
they were (actually) told, it would have been best for them, and would
have gone farthest to strengthen their (faith);
And We should then have given them from our presence a great reward;
And We should have shown them the Straight Way.
All who obey God and the apostle are in the company of those on whom
is the Grace of God,- of the prophets (who teach), the sincere (lovers
of Truth), the witnesses (who testify), and the Righteous (who do
good): Ah! what a beautiful fellowship!
Such is the bounty from God: And sufficient is it that God knoweth
O ye who believe! Take your precautions, and either go forth in
parties or go forth all together.
There are certainly among you men who would tarry behind: If a
misfortune befalls you, they say: "God did favour us in that we were
not present among them."
But if good fortune comes to you from God, they would be sure to say -
as if there had never been Ties of affection between you and them -
"Oh! I wish I had been with them; a fine thing should I then have made
Let those fight in the cause of God Who sell the life of this world
for the hereafter. To him who fighteth in the cause of God,- whether
he is slain or gets victory - Soon shall We give him a reward of great
And why should ye not fight in the cause of God and of those who,
being weak, are ill-treated (and oppressed)?- Men, women, and
children, whose cry is: "Our Lord! Rescue us from this town, whose
people are oppressors; and raise for us from thee one who will
protect; and raise for us from thee one who will help!"
Those who believe fight in the cause of God, and those who reject
Faith Fight in the cause of Evil: So fight ye against the friends of
Satan: feeble indeed is the cunning of Satan.
Hast thou not turned Thy vision to those who were told to hold back
their hands (from fight) but establish regular prayers and spend in
regular charity? When (at length) the order for fighting was issued to
them, behold! a section of them feared men as - or even more than -
they should have feared God: They said: "Our Lord! Why hast Thou
ordered us to fight? Wouldst Thou not Grant us respite to our
(natural) term, near (enough)?" Say: "Short is the enjoyment of this
world: the Hereafter is the best for those who do right: Never will ye
be dealt with unjustly in the very least!
"Wherever ye are, death will find you out, even if ye are in towers
built up strong and high!" If some good befalls them, they say, "This
is from God"; but if evil, they say, "This is from thee" (O
Prophet). Say: "All things are from God." But what hath come to these
people, that they fail to understand a single fact?
Whatever good, (O man!) happens to thee, is from God; but whatever
evil happens to thee, is from thy (own) soul. and We have sent thee as
an apostle to (instruct) mankind. And enough is God for a witness.
He who obeys the Apostle, obeys God: But if any turn away, We have not
sent thee to watch over their (evil deeds).
They have "Obedience" on their lips; but when they leave thee, a
section of them Meditate all night on things very different from what
thou tellest them. But God records their nightly (plots): So keep
clear of them, and put thy trust in God, and enough is God as a
disposer of affairs.
Do they not consider the Qur'án (with care)? Had it been from other
Than God, they would surely have found therein Much discrepancy.
When there comes to them some matter touching (Public) safety or fear,
they divulge it. If they had only referred it to the Apostle, or to
those charged with authority among them, the proper investigators
would have Tested it from them (direct). Were it not for the Grace and
Mercy of God unto you, all but a few of you would have fallen into the
clutches of Satan.
Then fight in God's cause - Thou art held responsible only for thyself
- and rouse the believers. It may be that God will restrain the fury
of the Unbelievers; for God is the strongest in might and in
Whoever recommends and helps a good cause becomes a partner therein:
And whoever recommends and helps an evil cause, shares in its burden:
And God hath power over all things.
When a (courteous) greeting is offered you, meet it with a greeting
still more courteous, or (at least) of equal courtesy. God takes
careful account of all things.
God! There is no god but He: of a surety He will gather you together
against the Day of Judgment, about which there is no doubt. And whose
word can be truer than God's?
Why should ye be divided into two parties about the Hypocrites? God
hath upset them for their (evil) deeds. Would ye guide those whom God
hath thrown out of the Way? For those whom God hath thrown out of the
Way, never shalt thou find the Way.
They but wish that ye should reject Faith, as they do, and thus be on
the same footing (as they): But take not friends from their ranks
until they flee in the way of God (From what is forbidden). But if
they turn renegades, seize them and slay them wherever ye find them;
and (in any case) take no friends or helpers from their ranks;-
Except those who join a group between whom and you there is a treaty
(of peace), or those who approach you with hearts restraining them
from fighting you as well as fighting their own people. If God had
pleased, He could have given them power over you, and they would have
fought you: Therefore if they withdraw from you but fight you not, and
(instead) send you (Guarantees of) peace, then God Hath opened no way
for you (to war against them).
Others you will find that wish to gain your confidence as well as that
of their people: Every time they are sent back to temptation, they
succumb thereto: if they withdraw not from you nor give you
(guarantees) of peace besides restraining their hands, seize them and
slay them wherever ye get them: In their case We have provided you
with a clear argument against them.
Never should a believer kill a believer; but (If it so happens) by
mistake, (Compensation is due): If one (so) kills a believer, it is
ordained that he should free a believing slave, and pay compensation
to the deceased's family, unless they remit it freely. If the deceased
belonged to a people at war with you, and he was a believer, the
freeing of a believing slave (Is enough). If he belonged to a people
with whom ye have treaty of Mutual alliance, compensation should be
paid to his family, and a believing slave be freed. For those who find
this beyond their means, (is prescribed) a fast for two months
running: by way of repentance to God: for God hath all knowledge and
If a man kills a believer intentionally, his recompense is Hell, to
abide therein (For ever): And the wrath and the curse of God are upon
him, and a dreadful penalty is prepared for him.
O ye who believe! When ye go abroad in the cause of God, investigate
carefully, and say not to any one who offers you a salutation: "Thou
art none of a believer!" Coveting the perishable goods of this life:
with God are profits and spoils abundant. Even thus were ye yourselves
before, till God conferred on you His favours: Therefore carefully
investigate. For God is well aware of all that ye do.
Not equal are those believers who sit (at home) and receive no hurt,
and those who strive and fight in the cause of God with their goods
and their persons. God hath granted a grade higher to those who strive
and fight with their goods and persons than to those who sit (at
home). Unto all (in Faith) Hath God promised good: But those who
strive and fight Hath He distinguished above those who sit (at home)
by a special reward,-
Ranks specially bestowed by Him, and Forgiveness and Mercy. For God is
Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful.
When angels take the souls of those who die in sin against their
souls, they say: "In what (plight) Were ye?" They reply: "Weak and
oppressed Were we in the earth." They say: "Was not the earth of God
spacious enough for you to move yourselves away (From evil)?" Such men
will find their abode in Hell,- What an evil refuge! -
Except those who are (really) weak and oppressed - men, women, and
children - who have no means in their power, nor (a guide-post) to
For these, there is hope that God will forgive: For God doth blot out
(sins) and forgive again and again.
He who forsakes his home in the cause of God, finds in the earth Many
a refuge, wide and spacious: Should he die as a refugee from home for
God and His Apostle, His reward becomes due and sure with God: And God
is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful.
When ye travel through the earth, there is no blame on you if ye
shorten your prayers, for fear the Unbelievers May attack you: For the
Unbelievers are unto you open enemies.
When thou (O Apostle) art with them, and standest to lead them in
prayer, Let one party of them stand up (in prayer) with thee, Taking
their arms with them: When they finish their prostrations, let them
Take their position in the rear. And let the other party come up which
hath not yet prayed - and let them pray with thee, Taking all
precaution, and bearing arms: the Unbelievers wish, if ye were
negligent of your arms and your baggage, to assault you in a single
rush. But there is no blame on you if ye put away your arms because of
the inconvenience of rain or because ye are ill; but take (every)
precaution for yourselves. For the Unbelievers God hath prepared a
When ye pass (Congregational) prayers, celebrate God's praises,
standing, sitting down, or lying down on your sides; but when ye are
free from danger, set up Regular Prayers: For such prayers are
enjoined on believers at stated times.
And slacken not in following up the enemy: If ye are suffering
hardships, they are suffering similar hardships; but ye have Hope from
God, while they have none. And God is full of knowledge and wisdom.
We have sent down to thee the Book in truth, that thou mightest judge
between men, as guided by God: so be not (used) as an advocate by
those who betray their trust;
But seek the forgiveness of God; for God is Oft-forgiving, Most
Contend not on behalf of such as betray their own souls; for God
loveth not one given to perfidy and crime:
They may hide (Their crimes) from men, but they cannot hide (Them)
from God, seeing that He is in their midst when they plot by night, in
words that He cannot approve: And God Doth compass round all that they
Ah! These are the sort of men on whose behalf ye may contend in this
world; but who will contend with God on their behalf on the Day of
Judgment, or who will carry their affairs through?
If any one does evil or wrongs his own soul but afterwards seeks God's
forgiveness, he will find God Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful.
And if any one earns sin. he earns it against His own soul: for God is
full of knowledge and wisdom.
But if any one earns a fault or a sin and throws it on to one that is
innocent, He carries (on himself) (Both) a falsehood and a flagrant
But for the Grace of God to thee and his Mercy, a party of them would
certainly have plotted to lead thee astray. But (in fact) they will
only Lead their own souls astray, and to thee they can do no harm in
the least. For God hath sent down to thee the Book and wisdom and
taught thee what thou Knewest not (before): And great is the Grace of
God unto thee.
In most of their secret talks there is no good: But if one exhorts to
a deed of charity or justice or conciliation between men, (Secrecy is
permissible): To him who does this, seeking the good pleasure of God,
We shall soon give a reward of the highest (value).
If anyone contends with the Apostle even after guidance has been
plainly conveyed to him, and follows a path other than that becoming
to men of Faith, We shall leave him in the path he has chosen, and
land him in Hell,- what an evil refuge!
God forgiveth not (The sin of) joining other gods with Him; but He
forgiveth whom He pleaseth other sins than this: one who joins other
gods with God, Hath strayed far, far away (from the right).
(The Pagans), leaving Him, call but upon female deities: They call but
upon satan the persistent rebel!
God did curse him, but he said: "I will take of Thy servants a portion
"I will mislead them, and I will create in them false desires; I will
order them to slit the ears of cattle, and to deface the (fair) nature
created by God." Whoever, forsaking God, takes satan for a friend,
hath of a surety suffered a loss that is manifest.
Satan makes them promises, and creates in them false desires; but
satan's promises are nothing but deception.
They (his dupes) will have their dwelling in Hell, and from it they
will find no way of escape.
But those who believe and do deeds of righteousness,- we shall soon
admit them to gardens, with rivers flowing beneath,-to dwell therein
for ever. God's promise is the truth, and whose word can be truer than
Not your desires, nor those of the People of the Book (can prevail):
whoever works evil, will be requited accordingly. Nor will he find,
besides God, any protector or helper.
If any do deeds of righteousness,- be they male or female - and have
faith, they will enter Heaven, and not the least injustice will be
done to them.
Who can be better in religion than one who submits his whole self to
God, does good, and follows the way of Abraham the true in Faith? For
God did take Abraham for a friend.
But to God belong all things in the heavens and on earth: And He it is
that Encompasseth all things.
They ask thy instruction concerning the women say: God doth instruct
you about them: And (remember) what hath been rehearsed unto you in
the Book, concerning the orphans of women to whom ye give not the
portions prescribed, and yet whom ye desire to marry, as also
concerning the children who are weak and oppressed: that ye stand firm
for justice to orphans. There is not a good deed which ye do, but God
is well-acquainted therewith.
If a wife fears cruelty or desertion on her husband's part, there is
no blame on them if they arrange an amicable settlement between
themselves; and such settlement is best; even though men's souls are
swayed by greed. But if ye do good and practise self-restraint, God is
well-acquainted with all that ye do.
Ye are never able to be fair and just as between women, even if it is
your ardent desire: But turn not away (from a woman) altogether, so as
to leave her (as it were) hanging (in the air). If ye come to a
friendly understanding, and practise self-restraint, God is
Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful.
But if they disagree (and must part), God will provide abundance for
all from His all-reaching bounty: for God is He that careth for all
and is Wise.
To God belong all things in the heavens and on earth. Verily we have
directed the People of the Book before you, and you (o Muslims) to
fear God. But if ye deny Him, lo! unto God belong all things in the
heavens and on earth, and God is free of all wants, worthy of all
Yea, unto God belong all things in the heavens and on earth, and
enough is God to carry through all affairs.
If it were His will, He could destroy you, o mankind, and create
another race; for He hath power this to do.
If any one desires a reward in this life, in God's (gift) is the
reward (both) of this life and of the hereafter: for God is He that
heareth and seeth (all things).
O ye who believe! stand out firmly for justice, as witnesses to God,
even as against yourselves, or your parents, or your kin, and whether
it be (against) rich or poor: for God can best protect both. Follow
not the lusts (of your hearts), lest ye swerve, and if ye distort
(justice) or decline to do justice, verily God is well-acquainted with
all that ye do.
O ye who believe! Believe in God and His Apostle, and the scripture
which He hath sent to His Apostle and the scripture which He sent to
those before (him). Any who denieth God, His angels, His Books, His
Apostles, and the Day of Judgment, hath gone far, far astray.
Those who believe, then reject faith, then believe (again) and (again)
reject faith, and go on increasing in unbelief,- God will not forgive
them nor guide them nor guide them on the way.
To the Hypocrites give the glad tidings that there is for them (but) a
Yea, to those who take for friends unbelievers rather than believers:
is it honour they seek among them? Nay,- all honour is with God.
Already has He sent you Word in the Book, that when ye hear the signs
of God held in defiance and ridicule, ye are not to sit with them
unless they turn to a different theme: if ye did, ye would be like
them. For God will collect the hypocrites and those who defy faith -
all in Hell:-
(These are) the ones who wait and watch about you: if ye do gain a
victory from God, they say: "Were we not with you?"- but if the
unbelievers gain a success, they say (to them): "Did we not gain an
advantage over you, and did we not guard you from the believers?" but
God will judge betwixt you on the Day of Judgment. And never will God
grant to the unbelievers a way (to triumphs) over the believers.
The Hypocrites - they think they are over-reaching God, but He will
over-reach them: When they stand up to prayer, they stand without
earnestness, to be seen of men, but little do they hold God in
(They are) distracted in mind even in the midst of it,- being
(sincerely) for neither one group nor for another whom God leaves
straying,- never wilt thou find for him the way.
O ye who believe! Take not for friends unbelievers rather than
believers: Do ye wish to offer God an open proof against yourselves?
The Hypocrites will be in the lowest depths of the Fire: no helper
wilt thou find for them;-
Except for those who repent, mend (their lives) hold fast to God, and
purify their religion as in God's sight: if so they will be (numbered)
with the believers. And soon will God grant to the believers a reward
of immense value.
What can God gain by your punishment, if ye are grateful and ye
believe? Nay, it is God that recogniseth (all good), and knoweth all
God loveth not that evil should be noised abroad in public speech,
except where injustice hath been done; for God is He who heareth and
knoweth all things.
Whether ye publish a good deed or conceal it or cover evil with
pardon, verily God doth blot out (sins) and hath power (in the
judgment of values).
Those who deny God and His apostles, and (those who) wish to separate
God from His apostles, saying: "We believe in some but reject others":
And (those who) wish to take a course midway,-
They are in truth (equally) unbelievers; and we have prepared for
unbelievers a humiliating punishment.
To those who believe in God and His apostles and make no distinction
between any of the apostles, we shall soon give their (due) rewards:
for God is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful.
The people of the Book ask thee to cause a book to descend to them
from heaven: Indeed they asked Moses for an even greater (miracle),
for they said: "Show us God in public," but they were dazed for their
presumption, with thunder and lightning. Yet they worshipped the calf
even after clear signs had come to them; even so we forgave them; and
gave Moses manifest proofs of authority.
And for their covenant we raised over them (the towering height) of
Mount (Sinai); and (on another occasion) we said: "Enter the gate with
humility"; and (once again) we commanded them: "Transgress not in the
matter of the sabbath." And we took from them a solemn covenant.
(They have incurred divine displeasure): In that they broke their
covenant; that they rejected the signs of God; that they slew the
Messengers in defiance of right; that they said, "Our hearts are the
wrappings (which preserve God's Word; We need no more)";- Nay, God
hath set the seal on their hearts for their blasphemy, and little is
it they believe;-
That they rejected Faith; that they uttered against Mary a grave false
That they said (in boast), "We killed Christ Jesus the son of Mary,
the Apostle of God";- but they killed him not, nor crucified him, but
so it was made to appear to them, and those who differ therein are
full of doubts, with no (certain) knowledge, but only conjecture to
follow, for of a surety they killed him not:-
Nay, God raised him up unto Himself; and God is Exalted in Power,
And there is none of the People of the Book but must believe in him
before his death; and on the Day of Judgment he will be a witness
For the iniquity of the Jews We made unlawful for them certain (foods)
good and wholesome which had been lawful for them;- in that they
hindered many from God's Way;-
That they took usury, though they were forbidden; and that they
devoured men's substance wrongfully;- we have prepared for those among
them who reject faith a grievous punishment.
But those among them who are well-grounded in knowledge, and the
believers, believe in what hath been revealed to thee and what was
revealed before thee: And (especially) those who establish regular
prayer and practise regular charity and believe in God and in the Last
Day: To them shall We soon give a great reward.
We have sent thee inspiration, as We sent it to Noah and the
Messengers after him: we sent inspiration to Abraham, Isma'il, Isaac,
Jacob and the Tribes, to Jesus, Job, Jonah, Aaron, and solomon, and to
David We gave the Psalms.
Of some apostles We have already told thee the story; of others We
have not;- and to Moses God spoke direct;-
Apostles who gave good news as well as warning, that mankind, after
(the coming) of the apostles, should have no plea against God: For God
is Exalted in Power, Wise.
But God beareth witness that what He hath sent unto thee He hath sent
from His (own) knowledge, and the angels bear witness: But enough is
God for a witness.
Those who reject Faith and keep off (men) from the way of God, have
verily strayed far, far away from the Path.
Those who reject Faith and do wrong,- God will not forgive them nor
guide them to any way-
Except the way of Hell, to dwell therein for ever. And this to God is
O Mankind! The Apostle hath come to you in truth from God: believe in
him: It is best for you. But if ye reject Faith, to God belong all
things in the heavens and on earth: And God is All-knowing, All-wise.
O People of the Book! Commit no excesses in your religion: Nor say of
God aught but the truth. Christ Jesus the son of Mary was (no more
than) an apostle of God, and His Word, which He bestowed on Mary, and
a spirit proceeding from Him: so believe in God and His apostles. Say
not "Trinity" : desist: it will be better for you: for God is one God:
Glory be to Him: (far exalted is He) above having a son. To Him belong
all things in the heavens and on earth. And enough is God as a
Disposer of affairs.
Christ disdaineth nor to serve and worship God, nor do the angels,
those nearest (to God): those who disdain His worship and are
arrogant,-He will gather them all together unto Himself to (answer).
But to those who believe and do deeds of righteousness, He will give
their (due) rewards,- and more, out of His bounty: But those who are
disdainful and arrogant, He will punish with a grievous penalty; Nor
will they find, besides God, any to protect or help them.
O mankind! verily there hath come to you a convincing proof from your
Lord: For We have sent unto you a light (that is) manifest.
Then those who believe in God, and hold fast to Him,- soon will He
admit them to mercy and grace from Himself, and guide them to Himself
by a straight way.
They ask thee for a legal decision. Say: God directs (thus) about
those who leave no descendants or ascendants as heirs. If it is a man
that dies, leaving a sister but no child, she shall have half the
inheritance: If (such a deceased was) a woman, who left no child, Her
brother takes her inheritance: If there are two sisters, they shall
have two-thirds of the inheritance (between them): if there are
brothers and sisters, (they share), the male having twice the share of
the female. Thus doth God make clear to you (His law), lest ye
err. And God hath knowledge of all things.