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Chronology of the Bábí and Bahá'í Faiths and related history

This chronology was based on A Basic Baha'i Chronology by Glenn Cameron and Wendi Momen (used with permission).
Cameron has continued to add to his database in the years since it was published, and helps maintain this online version.
see also:     1. A note from the publisher
2. Abbreviations and Bibliography    
3. Index (from the original book, as published)
4. Export (use this data for your own spreadsheet)
5. Search & tips
 Enter the first part of a date or an entire date, with or without hyphens, in the form Year-Month-Day. Examples:
century:18-- decade:184- year:1848 month:1848-03 day:1848-03-03

or jump to:   1700s 1800s 1810s 1820s 1830s 1840s . . . 1990s 2000s 2010s

Browsing from the earliest dates in our system, - 1840:

date event locations tags firsts see also
1753 Birth of Shaykh Ahmad Ahsá’í in the village of Mutayrafí in the Ahsá region, the hinterland of Bahrayn. Mutayraff, Bahrayn Shaykh Ahmad-i-Ahsa'i, Shaykhism Bibliography; Wikipedia
1771 Birth of Fath-`Alí Khán (later Sháh) in Shíráz. Shiraz, Iran Fath-Ali Khan, Fath-Ali Shah
c. 1778 Birth of Siyyid Muhammad Riday-i-Shírází, the father of the Báb. Shiraz, Iran Mirza Muhammad Rida, Siyyid Muhammad Rida Bahaikipedia
c. 1783 Birth of Mírzá `Abbás-i-Irivání, later Prime Minister Hájí Mírzá Áqásí, in Máh-Kú. Mah-Ku, Iran Mirza `Abbas-i-Irivani, Prime Minister of Persia, Prime Minister of Iran, Haji Mirza Áqasi
1798 c. Mar Áqá Muhammad Khán, leader of the Qájárs, proclaims himself Sháh of Persia; beginning of Qájár dynasty. Persia, Iran Áqa Muhammad Khan, Qajars, Qajar dynasty, Shah
1797 Birth of Siyyid Kázim-i-Rashtí, in Rasht. Rasht, Iran Shaykhism, Siyyid Kazim-i-Rashti
1797 17 Jun Assassination of Muhammad Sháh in Ádhirbáyján. Ádhirbáyján Muhammad Sháh
1797 c. Aug Crown Prince Fath-`Alí Mírzá assumes leadership of Persia. Iran, Fath-`Ali Mirza
1798 21 Mar Fath-`Alí Khán is crowned second Qájár Sháh during Naw-Rúz festival.
1799 21 Mar Fath-`Alí Sháh's son, `Abbás Mírzá (aged 9), is designated Crown Prince of Persia.
c. 1806 Birth of Mírzá Muhammad Taqí Khán-i-Farahání, later Prime Minister of Persia, in Hizávih. Hizávih, Iran Mirza Muhammad Taqi Khan-i-Farahani, Prime Minister of Persia, Prime Minister of Iran
1808 5 Jan Birth of Muhammad Mírzá (later Sháh), son of Crown Prince `Abbás Mírzá and grandson of Fath-`Alí Sháh. Iran Muhammad Mírzá, `Abbás Mírzá, Fath-`Alí Sháh
c. 1812 Birth of Mullá Muhammad-`Alíy-i-Zanjání, Hujjat. Hujjat Hujjat, Mulla Muhammad-'Ali
c. 1813 Birth of Muhammad Husayn-i-Bushrú'í (Mullá Husayn). Muhammad Husayn-i-Bushru'i, Mulla Husayn
c. 1817 Birth of Hand of the Cause Mullá Abu'l-Hasan-i-Ardikání (Hájí Amín), in Ardikán, near Yazd. Ardikán, Yazd, Iran, Persia Mulla Abu'l-Hasan-i-Ardikani, Haji Amin, Hands
1817 Shaykh Ahmad travels to Persia and visits Shíráz and Tihrán. He is in Tihrán when Bahá'u'lláh is born. [DB13] Shiraz, Tehran, Iran Shaykh Ahmad, Shaykhism
1817 The birth of Fátimih Umm-Salamih, Táhirih (the Pure One), Qurratu'l-'Ayn (Solace of the Eyes), Zarrín-Táj (Crown of Gold). [BBD220; GPB7, 73, 75] Persia, Iran Fatimih Umm-Salamih, Tahirih, Pure One, Qurratu'l-'Ayn, Solace of the Eyes, Zarrin-Taj, Crown of Gold
1817 12 Nov Birth of Mírzá Husayn `Alíy-i-Núrí (Bahá'u'lláh).
  • He is of royal Persian blood, a descendant of Zoroaster and the Sásáníyán kings of Persia through Yazdigird III, the last king of that dynasty. Through His mother He is a descendant of Abraham through Katurah and Jesse. [BW8:874; GPB94; RB1:305]
  • He is born in Tihrán. His father is Mírzá `Abbás whose ancestral home is Tákur in the province of Núr. His father is also known as Mírzá Buzurg in royal circles. [BKG13; RB1:7]
  • His mother is Khadíjih Khánum. [BBD127; BBRSM57–8]
  • He is born at dawn. [LOG353]
  • For biblical reference see LOG378.
  • RB1:304 for extracts from Shoghi Effendi re: His station.
  • BBD39, GPB157–8 for a condensed history.
  • See GPB93-99 for the significance of Bahá'u'lláh's station.
Tehran, Núr, Iran Baha'u'llah, Mirza Buzurg, Khadijih Khanum BIC Statement on Bahá'u'lláh; Bahá'u'lláh: The Word Made Flesh
1818 May Birth of Mullá Zaynu'l-`Ábidín (Zaynu'l-Muqarrabín), Apostle of Bahá'u'lláh, in Najafábád. Najafábád, Iran Mulla Zaynu'l-`Ábidin, Zaynu'l-Muqarrabin, Apostle
1819 Death of Shaykh `Alí, son of Shaykh Ahmad. Shaykh Ahmad considers this loss as a sacrifice for `the Alí whose advent we all await'. [MH24] Iran, Persia Shaykh `Ali, Shaykh Ahmad
1819–1831 `Abdu'lláh Páshá becomes the governor of `Akká in 1819. In 1832 when the Egyptians take `Akká he surrenders and is taken to Egypt. He is freed in 1840 when the area reverts to Turkish rule. [BBD5] `Akká, Israel, Egypt `Abdu'llah Pasha, governor of `Akka
1819 20 Oct Birth of Siyyid `Alí-Muhammad (The Báb), before dawn, in Shíráz. [B32; GH13; DB72]
  • The Primal Point (Nuqtiy-i-Úlá). [BBD185]
  • The Promised One of Islam, the Qá'im. [BBD188]
  • Siyyid-i-dhikr (Lord of Remembrance). [BBD212]
  • His mother is Fátimih-Bagum (Zajra Bagum). [B33, 46; KB20; RB2:382]
  • His father is Mírzá Muhammad Ridá. [BW4:234–5; LOG351; SE206; TN4]
  • He is a direct heir of the House of Háshim and descended thus from Muhammad and through Him from Abraham. [BW8:874]
  • Designations of the Báb include `Abdu'dh-dhikr (Servant of the Remembrance), Bábu'lláh (the Gate of God) and Hadrat-i-A`lá (His Holiness the Most Exalted One). [BBD1, 30, 93]
  • For biblical reference see LOG378. See RB1:304 for extracts from Shoghi Effendi re: His station.
  • See BBD39, GPB157–8 for a condensed history.
  • See B32 and TN4 for discussion of the date of His father's death.
  • See DB28–30. See DB75 for the extent of His schooling. See DB75 n1 for his education.
  • See B32 and TN4 for discussion of the date of His father's death.
Shíráz, Iran Siyyid `Ali-Muhammad, Bab, Primal Point, Promised One, Siyyid-i-dhikr, Lord of Remembrance, Fatimih-Bagum, Zajra Bagum, Mirza Muhammad Rida, House of Hashim, `Abdu'dh-dhikr, Servant of Remembrance, Babu'llah, Gate of God, Hadrat-i-A`la, His Holiness Most Exalted One, Qa'im
1819 Notes Free
1819 See also Free
1820 Birth of Khadíjih Bagum (daughter of Mírzá `Alí, a merchant of Shíráz), first wife of the Báb, in Shíráz. Shíráz, Iran Khadijih Bagum First wife of the Báb
1820 Birth of Ásíyih Khánum (Navváb), first wife of Bahá'u'lláh, in Yálrúd. The only daughter of Mírzá Ismá'íl. Yálrúd, Iran Ásiyih Khanum, Navvab First wife of Bahá'u'lláh
1821 `Abdu'lláh Páshá builds the Mansion at Bahjí. [BBD5, 42] Acre, Israel `Abdu'llah Pasha, Mansion at Bahji
1822 Birth of Mírzá-`Alíy-i-Bárfurúshí (Quddús), the 18th Letter of the Living. Iran, Mirza-`Aliy-i-Barfurushi, Quddus, Letter of the Living
c. 1823 Bahá'u'lláh's father dreams that his son is swimming in a sea with multitudes of fish clinging to the strands of His hair. He relates this dream to a soothsayer, who prophesies that Bahá'u'lláh will achieve supremacy over the world. [DB199–20] Baha'u'llah, father, dream
c. 1825 Birth of Áqá Husayn-i-Isfahání (Mishkín-Qalam), Apostle of Bahá'u'lláh and well-known calligrapher, in Shíráz. Shíráz, Iran Áqa Husayn-i-Isfahani, Mishkin-Qalam, Apostle, calligrapher
1826 27 Jun Passing of Shaykh Ahmad-i-Ahsá'í, the leader of the Shaykhís, in Haddíyyih near Medina near the tomb of Muhammad, at approximately 75 years. He is buried in the cemetery of Baqí` in Medina. [B2; MH20]
  • At his passing Siyyid Kázim-i-Rashtí becomes his designated successor. [BBD12]
  • BBD12 says it was 1828 and he was 81 years old
  • See CH11 and MH20 for three chief articles of faith of the Shaykhís.
  • See BBRSM8 for a brief account of his life.
  • See MH22 for a picture.
Haddíyyih, Medina, Saudi Arabia Shaykh Ahmad-i-Ahsa'i, Siyyid Kazim-i-Rashti, Shaykhism
1828 Passing of Mírzá Muhammad Ridá, the father of the Báb.
  • The Báb is placed in the care of His maternal uncle, Hájí Mírzá Siyyid `Alí, Khál-i-A`zam (the Most Great Uncle). He is a leading merchant of Shíráz and is the first, after the Letters of the Living, to embrace the new Cause in that city. He is one of the Seven Martyrs of Tihrán. [BBD14]
  • According to Mírzá Abu'l-Fadl-i-Gulpáygání, the Báb was still an infant and had not yet been weaned when His father passed away. [DB72]
Shíráz, Iran Mirza Muhammad Rida, Haji Mirza Siyyid `Ali, Khal-i-A`zam First, after the Letters of the Living, to embrace the new Cause in Shíráz
1828 Defeat of the Persians at the hands of the Russians. [BBRSM55] Persia, Iran Defeat, Persians, Russians
1829 29 Mar Birth of Áqá Muhammad-i-Qá'iní (Nabíl-i-Akbar), Apostle of Bahá'u'lláh, in Naw-Firist, near Bírjand. Naw-Firist, Birjand Nabil-i-Akbar, Apostle, Aqa Muhammad-i-Qa'ini
1830 Mullá Husayn leaves his home in Mashhad to pursue his religious studies in Karbalá. [MH113] Mashad, Iran, Karbala, Iraq Mulla Husayn
c. 1830 Marriage of Táhirih to her cousin Mullá Muhammad, the son of Mullá Taqí. Iran, Persia Marriage, Tahirih, Mulla Muhammad, Mulla Taqi
1930 Jan c. Birth of Hájí Mírzá Muhammad Taqí Afnán (Vakílu'd-Dawlih), maternal uncle of the Báb, who supervised and largely paid for the building of the Mashriqu'l-Adhkár in `Ishqábád. Ishqabad, Haji Mirza Muhammad Taqi Afnan, Vakilu'd-Dawlih, Mashriqu'l-Adhkar
c. 1831 Birth of Mírzá Yahyá (Subh-i-Azal), half brother of Bahá'u'lláh. Persia, Iran Mirza Yahya, Subh-i-Azal
1831–40 Egyptian occupation of `Akká. [BBR202; DH128]
  • 'Abdu'lláh Páshá is the governor of 'Akká from 1919 to 1831. In 1832 when the Egyptians took the city he surrenders and is taken to Egypt. He is freed in 1840 when the area reverted to Turkish rule. [BBD5]
Akka, Israel Egyptian, occupation, `Akka
1831 17 Jul Birth of Násiri'd-Dín Mírzá, later Sháh. Iran Nasiri'd-Din Mirza, Nasiri'd-Din Shah
1831 29 Jul Birth of Nabíl-i-A`zam, Muhammad-i-Zarandí, Apostle of Bahá'u'lláh. Nabil-i-A`zam, Muhammad-i-Zarandi, Apostle
1834 9 Sep The end of the reign of Fath-`Alí Sháh and the accession of Muhammad Sháh. [B7; BBD83, 164; BBR153, 482]
  • Fifty–three sons and 46 daughters survive Fath-`Alí Sháh. [B7]
  • After his accession Muhammad Sháh executes the Grand Vizier, the Qá'im Máqám, the man who has raised him to the throne. He then installs his tutor, Hájí Mírzá Áqásí, to the office (1835). [B10–11]
  • See BBD164 for picture.
  • See B11–122 for the relationship between the Sháh and his new Grand Vizier, Hájí Mírzá Áqásí.
  • For details on the life of Hájí Mírzá Áqásí see BBD19.
Iran, Fath-`Ali Shah, Muhammad Shah, Grand Vizier, Qa'im Maqam, Haji Mirza Áqasi
1835 Birth of Mírzá Áqá Ján-i-Kashání (Khadimu'lláh), Apostle of Bahá'u'lláh and His amanuensis. Mirza Áqa Jan-i-Kashani, Khadimu'llah, Apostle of Baha'u'llah, amanuensis
1835 Birth of Hájí Siyyid Muhammad-Husayn, Mahbúbu'sh-Shuhadá' (`Beloved of Martyrs'), in Isfahán. Isfahán, Iran Haji Siyyid Muhammad-Husayn, Mahbubu'sh-Shuhada', Beloved of Martyrs
1835 Oct Marriage of Mírzá Husayn-`Alí to Ásíyih Khánum. [BKG23; RB1:382] Mirza Husayn-`Ali, Ásiyih Khanum
1835 Nov c. Hájí Mírzá Áqásí becomes Prime Minister of Persia. Iran Haji Mirza Áqasi, Prime Minister of Persia, Prime Minister of Iran
1837 Birth of Hájí Siyyid Muhammad-Hasan, Sultánu'sh-Shuhadá' (`King of Martyrs'), in Isfahán. Isfahán, Iran Haji Siyyid Muhammad-Hasan, Sultanu'sh-Shuhada', King of Martyrs
c. 1837 Birth of Mírzá Muhammad Mustafáy-i-Baghdádí, Apostle of Bahá'u'lláh, in Iraq. Iraq Mirza Muhammad Mustafay-i-Baghdadi, Apostle of Baha'u'llah
1838 Manúchihr Khán is appointed Governor of Isfahán. [BBR167] Isfahán, Iran Manuchihr Khan, Governor
1839 Passing of Mírzá Buzurg. His body is taken to Najaf, Iraq. [BBD49; BKG17; BNE23–4; MBW175] Najaf, Iraq Mirza Buzurg
1839 Defeat of Persia at the hands of the British. [BBRSM55] Persia, Iran British defeat Persia, war, Britain

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