59: Exile, Banishment
Whatever is in the heavens and on earth, let it declare the Praises
and Glory of God: for He is the Exalted in Might, the Wise.
It is He Who got out the Unbelievers among the People of the Book from
their homes at the first gathering (of the forces). Little did ye
think that they would get out: And they thought that their fortresses
would defend them from God! But the (Wrath of) God came to them from
quarters from which they little expected (it), and cast terror into
their hearts, so that they destroyed their dwellings by their own
hands and the hands of the Believers, take warning, then, O ye with
eyes (to see)!
And had it not been that God had decreed banishment for them, He would
certainly have punished them in this world: And in the Hereafter they
shall (certainly) have the Punishment of the Fire.
That is because they resisted God and His Apostle: and if any one
resists God, verily God is severe in Punishment.
Whether ye cut down (O ye Muslim!) The tender palm-trees, or ye left
them standing on their roots, it was by leave of God, and in order
that He might cover with shame the rebellious transgresses.
What God has bestowed on His Apostle (and taken away) from them - for
this ye made no expedition with either cavalry or camelry: but God
gives power to His apostles over any He pleases: and God has power
over all things.
What God has bestowed on His Apostle (and taken away) from the people
of the townships,- belongs to God,- to His Apostle and to kindred and
orphans, the needy and the wayfarer; In order that it may not (merely)
make a circuit between the wealthy among you. So take what the Apostle
assigns to you, and deny yourselves that which he withholds from
you. And fear God; for God is strict in Punishment.
(Some part is due) to the indigent Muhajirs, those who were expelled
from their homes and their property, while seeking Grace from God and
(His) Good Pleasure, and aiding God and His Apostle: such are indeed
the sincere ones:-
But those who before them, had homes (in Medina) and had adopted the
Faith,- show their affection to such as came to them for refuge, and
entertain no desire in their hearts for things given to the (latter),
but give them preference over themselves, even though poverty was
their (own lot). And those saved from the covetousness of their own
souls,- they are the ones that achieve prosperity.
And those who came after them say: "Our Lord! Forgive us, and our
brethren who came before us into the Faith, and leave not, in our
hearts, rancour (or sense of injury) against those who have
believed. Our Lord! Thou art indeed Full of Kindness, Most Merciful."
Hast thou not observed the Hypocrites say to their misbelieving
brethren among the People of the Book? - "If ye are expelled, we too
will go out with you, and we will never hearken to any one in your
affair; and if ye are attacked (in fight) we will help you". But God
is witness that they are indeed liars.
If they are expelled, never will they go out with them; and if they
are attacked (in fight), they will never help them; and if they do
help them, they will turn their backs; so they will receive no help.
Of a truth ye are stronger (than they) because of the terror in their
hearts, (sent) by God. This is because they are men devoid of
They will not fight you (even) together, except in fortified
townships, or from behind walls. Strong is their fighting (spirit)
amongst themselves: thou wouldst think they were united, but their
hearts are divided: that is because they are a people devoid of
Like those who lately preceded them, they have tasted the evil result
of their conduct; and (in the Hereafter there is) for them a grievous
(Their allies deceived them), like the Evil One, when he says to man,
"Deny God": but when (man) denies God, (the Evil One) says, "I am free
of thee: I do fear God, the Lord of the Worlds!"
The end of both will be that they will go into the Fire, dwelling
therein for ever. Such is the reward of the wrong-doers.
O ye who believe! Fear God, and let every soul look to what
(provision) He has sent forth for the morrow. Yea, fear God: for God
is well-acquainted with (all) that ye do.
And be ye not like those who forgot God; and He made them forget their
own souls! Such are the rebellious transgressors!
Not equal are the Companions of the Fire and the Companions of the
Garden: it is the Companions of the Garden, that will achieve
Had We sent down this Qur'án on a mountain, verily, thou wouldst have
seen it humble itself and cleave asunder for fear of God. Such are
the similitudes which We propound to men, that they may reflect.
God is He, than Whom there is no other god;- Who knows (all things)
both secret and open; He, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
God is He, than Whom there is no other god;- the Sovereign, the Holy
One, the Source of Peace (and Perfection), the Guardian of Faith, the
Preserver of Safety, the Exalted in Might, the Irresistible, the
Supreme: Glory to God! (High is He) above the partners they attribute
He is God, the Creator, the Evolver, the Bestower of Forms (or
Colours). To Him belong the Most Beautiful Names: whatever is in the
heavens and on earth, doth declare His Praises and Glory: and He is
the Exalted in Might, the Wise.