60: She That Is to Be Examined, Examining Her
O ye who believe! Take not my enemies and yours as friends (or
protectors),- offering them (your) love, even though they have
rejected the Truth that has come to you, and have (on the contrary)
driven out the Prophet and yourselves (from your homes), (simply)
because ye believe in God your Lord! If ye have come out to strive in
My Way and to seek My Good Pleasure, (take them not as friends),
holding secret converse of love (and friendship) with them: for I know
full well all that ye conceal and all that ye reveal. And any of you
that does this has strayed from the Straight Path.
If they were to get the better of you, they would behave to you as
enemies, and stretch forth their hands and their tongues against you
for evil: and they desire that ye should reject the Truth.
Of no profit to you will be your relatives and your children on the
Day of Judgment: He will judge between you: for God sees well all that
There is for you an excellent example (to follow) in Abraham and those
with him, when they said to their people: "We are clear of you and of
whatever ye worship besides God: we have rejected you, and there has
arisen, between us and you, enmity and hatred for ever,- unless ye
believe in God and Him alone": But not when Abraham said to his
father: "I will pray for forgiveness for thee, though I have no power
(to get) aught on thy behalf from God." (They prayed): "Our Lord! in
Thee do we trust, and to Thee do we turn in repentance: to Thee is
(our) Final Goal.
"Our Lord! Make us not a (test and) trial for the Unbelievers, but
forgive us, our Lord! for Thou art the Exalted in Might, the Wise."
There was indeed in them an excellent example for you to follow,- for
those whose hope is in God and in the Last Day. But if any turn away,
truly God is Free of all Wants, Worthy of all Praise.
It may be that God will grant love (and friendship) between you and
those whom ye (now) hold as enemies. For God has power (over all
things); And God is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
God forbids you not, with regard to those who fight you not for (your)
Faith nor drive you out of your homes, from dealing kindly and justly
with them: for God loveth those who are just.
God only forbids you, with regard to those who fight you for (your)
Faith, and drive you out of your homes, and support (others) in
driving you out, from turning to them (for friendship and
protection). It is such as turn to them (in these circumstances), that
O ye who believe! When there come to you believing women refugees,
examine (and test) them: God knows best as to their Faith: if ye
ascertain that they are Believers, then send them not back to the
Unbelievers. They are not lawful (wives) for the Unbelievers, nor are
the (Unbelievers) lawful (husbands) for them. But pay the Unbelievers
what they have spent (on their dower), and there will be no blame on
you if ye marry them on payment of their dower to them. But hold not
to the guardianship of unbelieving women: ask for what ye have spent
on their dowers, and let the (Unbelievers) ask for what they have
spent (on the dowers of women who come over to you). Such is the
command of God: He judges (with justice) between you. And God is Full
of Knowledge and Wisdom.
And if any of your wives deserts you to the Unbelievers, and ye have
an accession (by the coming over of a woman from the other side), then
pay to those whose wives have deserted the equivalent of what they had
spent (on their dower). And fear God, in Whom ye believe.
O Prophet! When believing women come to thee to take the oath of
fealty to thee, that they will not associate in worship any other
thing whatever with God, that they will not steal, that they will not
commit adultery (or fornication), that they will not kill their
children, that they will not utter slander, intentionally forging
falsehood, and that they will not disobey thee in any just matter,-
then do thou receive their fealty, and pray to God for the forgiveness
(of their sins): for God is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
O ye who believe! Turn not (for friendship) to people on whom is the
Wrath of God, of the Hereafter they are already in despair, just as
the Unbelievers are in despair about those (buried) in graves.