Scanner's note: These non-copyrighted notes were available from the National
Library Services of the NSA of the Bahá'ís of the Hawaiian Islands in
1978. Stauffer describes their original format as follows: "When I bought
these notes in Hawaii, it was at a time when actually there was little in
way of quality publishing there. In fact, there was no Bahá'í Publishing
Trust at that time, rather it was called the "National Library Service" of
the NSA of the Bahá'ís of the Hawaiian Islands. The "Moffett notes" were
sold in a simple, bright yellow three-tab folder with a typewritten title
on a sticky white label pressed onto the front. As one can tell from the
many misspelled words, they were simply a photocopy of Ruth Moffett's
original typing (or so I have come to believe).
If I recall correctly,
Ruth had tried unsuccessfully to get the BPT in the US to print them;
failing this she sent them to the Hawaiian Bahá'ís. The production quality
was minimal, and I believe that these notes weren't sold for too long
afterwards I bought a set--probably only 40 to 50 copies were ever
sold." -Robert Stauffer, 1997
REVEALING HAIFA NOTES
AND DIRECTIVES BY OUR
GUARDIAN IN 1954 BY
RUHANIYYIH RUTH MOFFETT
A PILGRIMAGE TO THE HOLY LAND
by RUHANIYYIH RUTH MOFFETT
HAIFA REPORT AND INSTRUCTIONS BY OUR
RUHANIYYIH RUTH MOFFETT CHECKED DAILY BY JESSIE
REVELL WITH HER STENOGRAPHIC NOTES.
VISITING THE BAHA'I WORLD CENTER
By Ruhaniyyih Ruth Moffett
May 17 - September 17, 1954
Part 1. BRIGHTENING HORIZONS OF ISRAEL
"Come ye unto the House of the Lord with praise and thanksgiving." The
House of the Lord - the Holy Land! The land made sacred by all the Prophets
of God - Enoch, Abraham, Moses, Zoroaster, Jesus Christ, Muhammad, The
Bab and Bahá'u'lláh. The land where the Divine Spirit has been poured in
greater abundance than on any other place on this planet! What a place to
make a pilgrimage with joy and thanksgiving! How the heart yearns to go
there. Such were the yearnings in the heart of one expectant pilgrim,
Ruhaniyyih Ruth Moffett as she waved fare-thee-well to her faithful
friends, Coranne Willis and Ann Koplin, at the United Air Lines Airport in
Chicago. They were up all night with her and helped in innumerable ways in
preparation for this momentous pilgrimage to Haifa. The United Air Line
plane left Chicago at 7:00 a.m., May 17, 1954 flying over a lovely patch
work quilt of green fields fringed by Spring orchards in bloom, arriving at
Idlewild airport in New York at 10:30 a.m. In the airport Café, Ruhaniyyih
had time for just a bowl of soup before being weighed in for the long
Transatlantic oceanic journey. She felt lonesome to start on her first
ocean flight with no one to see her off and wish her "God Speed", but she
held firmly to the hand of Bahá'u'lláh with the faith that He would guide
her safely throughout the journey.
The Royal Sabena Belgium Air Line plane, standing in the midst of a bevy
of world planes ready to take off to far distant parts of the world, moved
and "seemed to feel the stir of life along her keel"; she quivered with
expectancy as her motors raced for the take off. It was exciting to follow
the coastline of New England over Boston, Maine, Halifax and Nova Scotia
looking down on the many cities and villages, the crooked roads and the
variegated fields of many colours and the immense green forrests, lakes,
and the many islands off the coasts. She did not know there were so many
islands of all shapes and sizes along the East coastline, and mostly
unpopulated. Newfoundland was veiled in masses of clouds as the plane
flew high over it. The royal Sabena gave excellent service making all the
forty-five passengers as comfortable as possible for the long non-stop
flight through the dark night crossing the endless ocean far below. It was
thrilling to fly 19,000 - 20,000 ft. high at a speed of from 300 - 400
miles per hour over the abysmal depths below. A great curtain of clouds
veiled Glasgow, Manchester, and London. A wire broke in the heating
system, but the thoughtful stewardess tucked the passengers snugly in
warm woollen blankets, until, after crossing the English Channel, it
became a bit warmer. Dawn with its rose-gold tints above the clouds is an
experience one can never forget, symbolic of the beauty and rose-garden
sheen when one rises above the tests and trials of life.
At 10:30 a.m. on Tuesday, May 18, the Royal Sabena glided along the
runway to the first stop in Brussels, Belgium, after the long transoceanic
flight. There the same plane was reconditioned and flew over Europe, and
Brindisi, the tip of the heel of Italy, over the Ionian and Mediterranean
Seas, and arrived in Athens, where the plane was again reconditioned, and
arrived at 10:30 p.m., May 18, 1954 at the airport at Jappa, Tel Aviv,
Israel. This is the modern miracle, to travel thousands of miles from
Chicago to Tel Aviv in only thirty nine hours!
As the Royal Sabena plane winged its way toward Israel, Ruhaniyyih
wondered how it would look in comparison with when she saw it before -
a desert land filled with rocks, sand, thorny bushes and confusion, and
where everyone seemed to be against his neighbor. As the approaching
lights of the Holy Land again came into view, her heart was filled with
joyful and reverential expectancy and she thought to the words of the
song, "Israel - The Land of Promise Welcomes You".
As she gazed meditatively at the approaching lights of the Holy Land, the
panorama of history seemed to unroll before her mind: of how Palestine
was peopled by cave dwellers in about 3500 B.C.; of how Abraham was led
to this land, and God made a covenant with Him, "that in the seed of
Abraham shall all the nations of the earth be blest"; of the Cananites, and
later how Moses led the Israelites out of bondage, and for forty years in
the wilderness, and Joshua led them to the Promised Land flowing with
milk and honey; how the Jewish people built up the land but turned away
from God to gods of their own making. Then Saul became the first king and
established a civic kingdom, but he died. David became the king unifying
the kingdom and calling them to return to God: and David died and was
called to his fathers. Solomon, his son became King. He expanded the
kingdom, and to this day, the glory and unity of his kingdom is still sung.
But Solomon died and the tribes became divided. Then the Assyrians in
1722 B.C., destroyed Damascus and Israel and took the tribes into
captivity, and they became scattered. After the Babylonian invasion in 586
B.C. the remaining tribes of Judah were taken into Babylonia and scattered.
Alexander the Great captured Palestine in 332 B.C. The coming of Jusus,
the Christ, had a profound effect on the history of this land, which became
a noted center of pilgrimages.
Under the Moslem dominion from 636 A.D. for four centuries, and the long
period of the Christian Crusades, one lasting 100 years, there was much
destruction and a little progress. It was under the control of the Ottoman
Turks from 1516 until the first World War, then it cecame a mandate of
Great Britain, under the League of Nations. "The White Paper" gave the
promise that the doors of Palestine would again open to her people. Many
outbreaks of violence have occurred between the Jews and Arabs, which
have caused this land to become on of the danger spots of the world. After
World War II, the Jews began returning in large numbers, until today there
are about 1,465,000 Jews, gathered from 75 countries, 125,000 Moslems,
40,000 Christians, and 16,000 Druzes in Israel.
On May 14, 1948, a most remarkable bloodless revolution occurred, when
4,000,000 Moslems fled and 1,000,000 Jews marched in and began tilling
their ancestral soil, and a new nation was born. Today the blue and white
flag with the star of Bethlehem flutters proudly over the world'' youngest
democracy --"" nation as eternally old as yesterday, as eternally young as
tomorrow". Phonex-like, from the ashes have risen again to build a new
homeland, to develop the most stupendous, life-salvaging operation ever
undertaken in the whole history of mankind, and to fulfil the promise of
Early in the morning Ruhaniyyih left the queer little hotel, near the
airport, where one noticed strange sounds and smells, and where scarcely
anyone could speak English, and took the bus to Tel Aviv. Here she obtained
a seat in a taxi to Haifa, 65 miles away. Full of eager anticipation to be on
Mt. Carmel, the mountain of god, she scanned its slopes and was thrilled to
see the gleaming golden dome of the Shrine of the Bab, as it stood in all
its beauty and majesty. Arriving at the Bahá'í Pilgram House, she was
surprised to find Allan and Mary Elston, pioneers from the United States to
Uganda, Africa; also Lillian Morgan Richards from Turkey; and Clara Edge
from Michigan; and others. Ruhiyyih Khanum, the wife of the Guardian of
the Bahá'í World Faith, was giving a luncheon in the home of 'Abdu'l-Bahá
to return many social obligations to prominent people of Israel. Ruhiyyih
Khanum greet Ruhaniyyih warmly and said she had arrived just in time "to
be one of the guests of honour". The Masters house was beautifully
decorated with flowers, and many delicious foods were prepared and
attractively arranged by Ruhiyyih Khanum and Millie Collins, Hand of the
Cause, who were both charming hostesses to the thirty-five interesting
and distinguished guests.
Across the street from the master's house is the Western Pilgrim House,
of unusual design, by the architect, Mason Remey. It is the present home of
Mason Remey, President of the International Counsil; Leroy Ioas, Secretary
for the Guardian and of the International Council; and his wife, Sylvia
Ioas; Jessie Revell, Treasurer of the International Council; Ethel Revell,
Secretary for Ruhiyyih Khanum. also, it is the guest house for the flow of
Western pilgrims from Europ and America. The room which Ruhaniyyih
occupied over-looked the colourful Bahá'í gardens across the street, and
the home of our Guardian with the deep blue Mediterranean Sea in the
background. She was the last pilgrim of the season. The atmosphere of the
Pilgrim House is difficult to describe as it is teeming with activities and
intensity of interest.
Ruhaniyyih was constantly amazed at the many changes which had taken
place on Mount Carmel since she was there in 1927, when the Guardian
was young, and when the Greatest Holy Leaf was living. Then there were
barren rocks and thorny bushes, and only the beginnings of the nine
terraced gardens, and the simple, unornamented, stone Shrine of the Bab,
resting on the ninth terrace. Today, however, these gardens have been
transformed into a fairyland of rare beauty. Even the city of Haifa, itself,
seems to be pulsating with new life.
The ancient town of Haifa lies on the southern horn of a magnificient bay,
three miles deep and nine miles wide, just where the green promontory of
Mount Carmel breaks the 200 mile inhospitable coastline and yellow sand
dunes stretching northward from Port Said to Haifa and around the Bay to
the ancient city of Akka, the Acre of the Crusades. A mile and a half long
breakwater extrudes from Nasel-Kerim. Another breakwater one and a half
miles long runs at right angles to the first one. This affords a sheltered
haven for every class of vessel. The harbour does not overshadow the town
but has been designed to be part of the landscape and fits with good
proportion into the entire noble pattern. It is a monument to British
engineering genius. It is in the heart of the world - bisecting it between
east and west, north and south.
In the days of the Canaanites, Haifa was known as Shikmona, and later to
the Jews as Hepha, or haven. Among the Medes, and Persians, and
Phoenicians, it was found to be an important station on the highroads of
nations. Nature has granted it advantages seldom found in other seaports
of the world.
This same soil was hallowed by the footsteps of His Holiness, Jesus the
Christ, and all the Prophets of God. It was in 1868, the Messenger of God,
Bahá'u'lláh, was sent here as a life-prisoner in exile by the Persian and
Turkish governments. Here He lived, suffered, and triumphed until His
ascension in 1892, delivering to men His Message of World Unity and
Peace, and pointing out the spiritual and practical means by which such
consummation might be achieved. From the time this Exalted One arrived
in Akka, the entire area began to change. The very atmosphere seemed
charged with a pruer, more vibrant quality, so intimately related are the
things of heaven and earth,, the temporal and the spiritual.
Today we are witnessing miraculous progress and the growing importance
of Haifa, Akka, Mount Carmel, and this whole area. One of the main causes
of prosperity is the gigantic pipe-line, 600 miles long, with oil from
Mosul to the refineries of Akka, and Haifa, fulfilling the prophecy of
Abdu'l-Bahá, that Haifa will be "The City of Lights - The City of the
Future". "Ere long a railway will follow the pipe-line from Haifa to
Baghdad and the great Euphrates Valley, forming a link between the
Eastern and Western worlds, forged first, spiritually, by Bahá'u'lláh and
His followers in exile. Haifa will become a great distribution center for
the world's merchandise," Abdul-Bahá said, "and a highway of the
We shall ere the long hear of wool from Mosul; barley and grains from Iraq
and Palestine; dates from Ankara; potash and phosphates from the Dead
Sea; rice, skins, hides from Iran; and oranges from Jaffa. Many precious
articles from India, the Orient, all passing through Haifa to the markest of
the world. It will become one of the first emporiums of the world. The
entire harbour from Haifa to Akka will be one path of illumination. Carmel
itself will be submerged in a sea of light. A person standing on the summit
of Mount Carmel and the passengers on the nearing ships will look upon the
most majestic spectacle of the whole world." It is destined, increasingly,
to become THE CITY OF THE GREAT KING!
MOUNT CARMEL - THE MOUNTAIN OF GOD
'Abdu'l-Bahá said, "The day will come when this mountain will be
resplendent with light - lights from top to bottom. On one side of it there
will be a hotel, a universal hotel. Its doors will be open to all the people
of the world. Whoever comes will be a guest. On the other side of the
mountain there will be a university in which all the higher sciences will
be taught. On the other part of it there will be a home for incurables. In
still another part there will be a home for orphans. All these will be
administered with love." -B.M. Jan. 1934, Vol.24, No. 19.
"I forsee that this harbour (Haifa) will be full of vessels. And from here to
the blessed Shrine (Bahji) there will be wide avenues, on both sides of
which there will be trees and gardens. On the surrounding land at Bahji,
similar institutions to those on Mount Carmel will be established. And
from all these places the songs of praise and exultation will be raised to
the Supreme Concourse." Abdu'l-Bahá - Mt. Carmel 1/4/20.
"The air here at Mount Carmel is fragrant and the earth is sweet.... I have
breathed the air of many country places," 'Abdu'l-Bahá said, "and seen
much natural scenery, but the air of this mountain is most wholesome,
vitalizing, and its scenery is very entrancing. Purity of air, sublimity of
panorama and beauty of landscape are united on Mount Carmel, presenting
to the eye a noble and inspiriting spectacle of nature; its panorama of sea
and land is very unique, its sun is all-glorious, its moon all-beautiful, and
its stars are all-sparkling."
One may have three pilgrimages to Mount Carmel in one. First, is Pilgrim
of the Eye where one sees the Shrines and Archives, the beautiful gardens,
the Bahá'í World center, The International Council and the Guardian of the
Bahá'í World Faith. Everyone arriving attains this pilgrimage, if they have
become a Bahá'í or not. The second is the Pilgrimage of the Mind, which
gathers oceans of informative Knowledge of the developments of the
Bahá'í world Faith, the Great Global Crusade, the changing conditions of
the world, the answers to seemingly unanswerable problems, and upon
request special instructions from the Guardian relating either to one's
community, or to the individual himself. The second Pilgrimage of the
Mind, in addition to the Pilgrimage of the Eye, some attain. The third is the
Pilgrimage of the Soul. This is the sea that tsurges in the heart, melting
its joys and sorrows, its ecstacies and failings, its resolves and its and
its discouragments that storm through his being. This third pilgrimage
prepares the soul by prayerfully walking along the lovely gardens and red-
tiled paths leading to the majestic Shrine of the Bab, and there to kneel at
the Threshold of the Shrine of the gentle loving Bab, and before the sacred
Shrine of 'Abdu'l-Bahá, the Servant of God; and then, the greatest of all, to
prostrate in the Blessed Shrine of Bahá'u'lláh. As one enters the Shrine of
Bahá'u'lláh, the very air seems to throb with the majesty of His
One realizes, more and more, the greatness of the station of the Holy Ones,
and becomes conscious of Their Sacrifices for Humanity, and Their Mission
in bringing forth a new creation. The third pilgrimage begins with the
first meeting with the Guardian, when discouraging weakness and failings
become transformed into strength and courage, and the heart becomes
aflame with the desire to serve in the Cause of God, and enter the service
of his Lord. This third pilgrimage, the Pilgrimage of the Soul, only the
most sincere attain. We hope that all may achieve the fulfillment of this
three-fold pilgrimage and recognize the great station of our Guardian!
Shoghi Effendi occupies a unique position in religious history never before
known. Since becoming the Guardian, after the passing of 'Abdu'l-Bahá in
1921, he has guided the world-wide Bahá'í Community Through the early
phases of establishing the Great Bahá'í Administrative Order which is
destined, ere long, to form the pattern of the New World Order of
Bahá'u'lláh. The Universal House of Justice, destined to support this new
World Order, as a twin pillar to the station of the Guardianship, is in the
process of unfoldment. The function of Shoghi Effendi is to establish and
nurse and guide, without precident, the National Spiritual Assemblies of
the Bahá'í world. The station of Guardianship is not a legislative
institution, but he has had to guide and develop the basic principles of
Bahá'í Administration for use throughout the Bahá'í World, which
Bahá'u'lláh has stated is the guarantee of World peace.
The Writings of Shoghi Effendi are exceedingly important and every word
is significant. They do not constitute Divine Revelation as do the writings
of Bahá'u'lláh and 'Abdu'l-Bahá, nor are they holy in the way Their Writings
are holy. However, the Bahá'í World recognizes that Shoghi Effendi
received his divinely ordained, appointed and recorded station, as the
Interpreter of Their Words. Thus his writings are truly inspired.
Therefore, the writings of Shoghi Effendi in this Day become the
clearest appointed-divinely-reflected-authority on this planet! The
Guardian's writings are universal and specific, etearnal and particular.
Eternal, because they expound the basic spiritual principles which will
forever guide mankind; particularly, because they are applicable to the
present state of the world and the progress of the individual Bahá'í, and
their part in establishing the new World Order, "The Kingdom of God on
Earth." The writings of Shoghi Effendi are life lines for the present,
and a source of unprecedented guidance to unborn generations!" Shoghi
Effendi is the Guardian, not the Revealer of the message sent by God to
lead mankind to the Promised Day of the Most Great Peace. He is, today,
the pure channel of god's Mercy fulfilling this mighty promise of
Bahá'u'lláh. "This is the Day which shall not be followed by night."
To the Bahá'í, our Guardian is like a ray of sunshine which brings to light
whatever is latent on the film of each pilgrim's heart; transforming fear
into courage, discouragement into faith, weakness into strength, passivity
into activity, and the way of life into servitude. To the Bahá'í world the
Guardian is like an ocean - the home and refuge for all things that have
life within it, but it is also a surging sea that casts out from its depths
all dead things. The Guardian is like a giant comet, blazing across the sky,
drawing into its orbit all matter which can receive the flame of his love
and increase its brightness. Those who are not attracted by this magnetic
power who are not drawn into the firey path, may see this blazing ball of
fire thunder by. They may try too late to enter therein, but the moment for
the junction is past, leaving them in darkness!
It was on May 20, at 4:00 o'clock, on a lovely day that Ruhiyyih Khanum and
Millie Collins gave an International Reception in the Western Pilgrim
house, and distinguished guests arrived from many parts of Israel,
including the governor and his wife, the Mayor and his wife, two
ambassadors, a number of Israeli officials, doctors, lawyers,
and merchants. The Pilgrim House had been beautifully arranged with tea
and coffee appointments, flowers, and delicious dainties of all kinds. The
pilgrims, all dressed up, assisted the hostesses in this most attractive,
heartwarming reception to meet the interesting, friendly peoples of
Israel. The sweetness of Ruhiyyih Khanum, her tact, her grace, her ready
laughter followed by her words of wisdom, her sincere unassuming
manner, her purity of heart and her warm overflowing love for everyone,
together make a beauty and majesty of spirit that captured all hearts. The
reception was a brilliant success and long to be remembered in the annals
So many sincere souls have yearned with a great longing in their hearts,
"If only we had one precious hair from the head of Christ, that was part of
His very being, or had an authentic word written by His Sacred Pen, but we
have not, nor of any Prophet of the past." Today the world is blessed by the
locks of precious hair from the very being of Bahá'u'lláh, 'Abdu'l-Bahá, and
the Bab, the thousands of material things used by Them, tested and proven
to be authentic. Never in the history of mankind has there before been such
bounty! "In the future," 'Abdu'l-Bahá said, "the kings of the earth will come
with bare heads and feet to view the most precious relics upon this
planet." It is amazing how our Guardian has gathered them from all over
the world, built the archives for these treasured belongings, organized
them, designed the cabinets, and artistically arranged the displays for all
these sacred treasures!
Dr. Lotfallah Jakim most lovingly and reverently showed us the only
photograph of Bahá'u'lláh and the miniatures of Him painted in His
lifetime, hundreds of books, epistles and tablets written by His own Pen.
His garments, head coverings, slippers, some articles used by the Bab, and
hundreds used by 'Abdu'l-Bahá. Their prayer beads, books, combs, and most
cherished of all, the white shirt in which the Bab was martyred on July 9,
1850, with the stains of his precious blood still upon it.
No words can describe the spirit that penetrates the soul as we view
these sacred objects and the great significance of them began to
penetrate our minds. The seven archives where these sacred belongings
are preserved are the:
1. Shrine of the Bab Archives
2. Minor Archives in the Monumental Gardens
3. The Twin House of Abud in Acca
4. The Most Great Prison in Acca
5. The Garden of the Ridvan
6. The House of Mazariah
7. The Mansion of Bahá'u'lláh in Bahji
Thousands of years will pass before such precious bounty with the
outpouring of such spirit into material things can again take place! We
thank Bahá'u'lláh for the priceless privilege of being able to view these
sacred objects in this Day.
THE HOLY SHRINE OF BAHA
How can one describe the ethereal, intangible, spiritual beauty that enters
into the very soul of the pilgrim as he steps out of his shoes and kneels
with head touching the floor and heart humbly bowing, at the Holy
threshold, in the Shrine of the Blessed Beauty, and walks on the very soil,
hallowed by His precious feet?
What a bounty from God to kneel in the very spot, and the Threshold in the
Shrine of The Bab, where the Master went almost daily to kneel and
What a blessing to kneel in the Shrine of 'Abdu'l-Bahá, the Servant of god,
in fervent prayer! It was like a benediction!
In the Shrines, the human spirit reaches up and by earnest prayer, touches
the Divine Spirit in supplication, in praise, in gratitude, until it becomes
so purified that the supplicant is lifted in spirit to communion with God.
his soul, or human spirit, makes the brief contact with the Divine Spirit.
From that moment on he is reborn and his life begins to change. It changes
as to methods, motives; yes, everything! The more you turn to that Divine
Spirit, touching it with your humble, sincere human spirit, the greater
will be the results in your life. The more you turn away, or half turn, you
will find your life full of frustrations!
In Acca, in the House of Abud, where Bahá'u'lláh and his family were
imprisoned for seven years, the mind is awed by the many personal things
used by both Bahá'u'lláh, and 'Abdu'l-Bahá. there, Dr. Lotfallah Hakim took
us into the simple wood-panelled bedroom used by
Bahá'u'lláh during those years of darkness and sorrow and suffering.
Lotfallah tells you that this is the room in which the Kitab-i-Aqdas was
revealed, your heart and breath almost cease, and a great wave of
veneration and awe floods the soul. You remove your shoes and bow your
head, and kneel before the divan, for this is holy ground! God creates law,
The Prophet of God reveals that law - and the corner of this blessed room
is where it streamed, gushed, and poured to unite mankind in a world
civilization of unity and peace! This is the book which Bahá'u'lláh said is
"The Breath of Life to all created things."
The Most Great Book, the book of Laws for 500,000 years to come! The
little human mind cannot grasp its significance, but the pure heart floods
with reverence and awe, overpowering awe. In such a manner hath the
Kitab-i-Aqdas been revealed. "The Pen can not move at the Spleandour of
this Revelation." Every place blessed by the presence of Bahá'u'lláh seemed
charged with a sense of majesty, greatness, power and authority in a
greater degree than any other place on earth.
The Guardian has written, "The writings of Bahá'u'lláh, during the years of
His confinement in the Most Great Prison, surpass the outpourings of His
Pen in either Adrianople or Baghdad...This unprecedented extension of the
reigns of his writings, during His exile in that prison, must rank as one of
the most vitalizing and fruitful stages in the entire evolution of His
How greatful we are that the Guardian has organized, and clarifies, and
evaluated these basic points. The Guardian is a strong rope to which we
not only can, but must cling. At all times you feel the motion, action,
speed, power of His presence, that seems to grow more powerful the
longer you are with him, with an inner peace that means both tranquility
and power. He is like a hurricane. The closer you are to the center or heart,
the greater the security and peace; the farther from this focal center, the
more violent the reactions. We must move with the power, not against it
or even indifferent to it, else we will be shattered by the impact.
It is here in Acca that the eye of the spirit could picture - "The beloved of
our hearts walked here!" "The Blessed Beauty's feet pressed this soil!" "The
Beloved Servant of God knelt here!" Muhammed foretold that all of them,
the companions of The Bab, should be slain except One, Who would reach
the plain of Acca, the Banquet Hall of God.
THE WEIZMANN SCIENTIFIC INSTITUTE -(REHOVOT
Next in importance to the Bahá'í World Center and the Shrines of other
Faiths for Ruhaniyyih was to visit the now famous Weizmann Scientific
Institute. Started by Dr. Chaim Weizmann, the great scientist and first
President of the new State of Israel, it
is a remarkable educational institution doing research in the fields of:
- I. THE FILED OF MATHMATICS
- A. The theory of helium 11
- B. Problems of diffusion and separation of isotopes
- C. Development of a new type of geophone
- D. Gravemetric and seismic exploration of Israel
- II. THE FIELD OF OPTICS
- A. This includes atomic polarization of molecules.
- B. Study of the glucesids of citrus fruits, and their absorption
- III. THE FIELD OF ISOTOPE RESEARCH
- A. The study of chemical mechanism
- B. the study of physical mechanism
- IV. THE FIELD OF BIOPHYSICS
- A. The study of the biochemical properties of all the liquids of the
- V. THE FIELD OF POLYMER RESEARCH
- A. The study and development of plastics, etc.
- B. The mutual and interaction of polyelectrolytes and the study of
their action with living tissues and soils
- C. Water-soluble polyelectrictrolytes
- VI. THE FIELD OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
- A. the study of the chemical and medical properties of plants of
- B. Survey and exploitation possibilities of local bituminous stone;
research on the constituents of petrol products obtained by
- VII. THE FIELD OF BIOCHEMISTRY
- A. The study of acids
- B. The study of cell action and reaction
- C. The study of fermentation
- VII. THE FIELD OF GENETICS (PLANT)
- A. The study of the caster bean species of industrial value for nylon
- IX. THE FIELD OF MICROANALYSIS AND EXPERIMENTAL
- A. The study of cancer, its causes and control
- B. Beginnings of human life
It is a marvelous institution, remarkably well equipped. Dr. Benjamin M.
Bloch, General Director, took me to his office, (the only one he selected
out of fifty or more people) gave me a lovely book and literature and said
as I was leaving "I beg your pardon, but I wonder if you are a Christian or a
Jew, you seem so different!" I replied, "Both and more; I am a Bahá'í!" His
face lighted up. "Oh, are you? I would like to talk to you. Can you remain a
little longer?" Then he asked many questions with great eagerness, and
urged me to come again so that we could talk further of these great basic
The Guardian was happy to learn of the suprisingly warm response of Dr.
the General Director of the Weizmann Scientific Institute, to the spirit of
our Bahá'í Faith.
JERUSALEM - THE LAND OF
Jerusalem - The Golden! A tour to the Christian Shrines in Jerusalem and
in Galilee is like a pilgrimage through the New Testament. Every place
where Jesus the Christ walked is Holy Ground! It is thrilling to bend the
knee in the Holy Sepulchre, to enter the caves on Mount Carmel, to tread
the paths of the Mount of Beatitudes, Mt. Zion, the Mount of
Transfiguration, The Mount of Olives, Cana and Nazareth, and to stand by
the waters of Jordan where Jesus was Baptized of John... and John said,
"But I have need to be baptized of Thee!" And Christ said, "Suffer it to be
so now!" Then the Holy Spirit appeared in the form of a dove and said, "This
is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased."
These scenes, and these hallowed by all the Prophets of God, make this
truly the Holy Land.
Zechariah 8:22 foretells a great future for Jerusalem. "Yea, many people
and strong nations shall come to seek the Lord of Hosts (which means
Bahá'u'lláh) in Jerusalem and to pray before the Lord."... and ... Genesis
15:18... "And in the same day the Lord made a covenant with Abram saying,
"Unto Thy seed have I given this land, from the river of Egypt to the great
river, the river Euphrates."
Today these prophetic statements of the Prophets of the past are being
fulfilled, and Jerusalem is ... "The Land of Promise."
THE COMMEMORATION OF THE ASCENSION OF
BAHA'U'LLAH IN BAHJI
Our beloved Guardian had invited Ruhaniyyih to return to Haifa to
commemorate the ascension of Bahá'u'lláh with the family in Bahji. What a
bounty to have two of the most important Bahá'í Feasts come during her
pilgrimage - the Declaration of the Bab, May 23, and the Ascension of
Bahá'u'lláh, May 28!
It was a hot, sultry day. At 5:00 P.M. the Guardian and many of the Bahá'í
men from surrounding cities in Israel left by taxis for the all-night
commemoration. At 9:00 p.m. the ladies of the household went to Bahji,
Ruhaniyyih tucked in between Ruhiyyih Khanum and Millie Collins. As we
approached Bahji, the lights of the gardens, many just completed for the
occasion, were turned on. It was a fairyland of light and beauty that
almost took the breath away. Thirty-five Bahá'í women, mostly dressed in
black, knelt in prayer, wept and chanted in the Ascension Chamber of
Bahá'u'lláh. At midnight tea was served in the Pilgrim House in Bahji, and
saintly Ruhiyyih Khanum spoke about the life of Bahá'u'lláh and His
passing, interspersed with readings and chanting. After midnight,
circumambulating the gardens in prayer, all prayerfully entered the Shrine
of Bahá'u'lláh; - the thirty-five women kneeling all night in the women's
alcove, and the fifty men kneeling in the garden room, in the Shrine, in
prayer. The beloved Guardian chanted on his knees at the Holy Threshold
the rest of the night, until first flickering gleams of rose-gold light of
the rising sun began to appear, and the thrilling notes of the morning
songs of the mocking-bird sympathy warbled forth heralding the dawn.
It was a never-to-be-forgotten, heavenly, soul-stirring experience to knee
all night in the scared Shrine of Bahá'u'lláh, with our souls soaring on the
wings of prayer as our Guardian chanted in that Hallowed Spot! Another
experience for which to be greatful throughout eternity!
"Come ye unto the House of the Lord with joy and thanksgiving" has
entered our souls with a new and richer meaning and we go forth to spread
the glad Tidings of the new Spiritual Splendour with radiant joy.
'Abdu'l-Bahá said, "And from all these places the songs of praise and
exultation will be raised to the Supreme Concourse!"
STATE OF ISRAEL
[map of Israel]
VISITING THE BAHA'I WORLD CENTER
by RUHANIYYIH RUTH MOFFETT
THE GUARDIAN TO RUHANIYYIH RUTH MOFFETT
May 17, to June 1, 1954
The following are notes of table conversations given by the beloved
Guardian in the presence of Ruhiyyih Khanum and the members of the
International Council who heard them all. Most of these notes were given
when Ruth Moffett was the only remaining pilgrim. The notes are not
verbatim and not given in sequence, but were verified by Ruhiyyih Khanum,
and members of the International Council at the table after the departure
of the Guardian, and checked each night until midnight by Jessie Revell
from her stenographic notes to be sure that the intent is correct, and
expressed as accurately as possible, in the words of the beloved
Ruhiyyih Khanum wrote that if the friends could realize the selfless
devotion, the justice and loving forebearance of the Guardian, "They would
love him with a consuming, weeping tenderness and devotion, as indeed so
many of them do. He is so golden-hearted, so pure-hearted, that
sometimes when I catch a glimpse of it I am stunned." As was this
Now that our beloved Guardian has gone to his great reward in the Abha
Kingdom, every word of his is more important and precious than ever, and
should be so soul stirring that we rise and spread the great, glad message
of Bahá'u'lláh "as one soul in many bodies."
Our Guardian, Shoghi Effendi had, on her first visit, asked the Greatest
Holy Leaf, the only daughter of Bahá'u'lláh, for the spiritual names of Ruth
and Robert Moffett, She said "For Ruth, Ruhaniyyih, which means 'spiritual
beauty', and the name of Robert is Habib, which means 'beloved'. Then the
Guardian said that it is good to use these spiritual names as much as
possible as it puts that spirit out into the others.
PART II "A"
OUR GUARDIAN, SHOGHI EFFENDI SPEAKS
The Guardian greeted Ruth with unusual warmth and the first night placed
her at the head of the table, which is a courtesy given to each new
incoming pilgrim. As he did so, he said, "Welcome!" "It has been such a long
time that we have looked for your return to Haifa. You will find things
much changed from the time that you were here before. Did you see the
Shrine of the Bab? I hope that you can go there tomorrow. How are the
friends in America? How is the assembly in Chicago functioning now?
What progress is there now? You say better. I am glad to hear that they
are progressing better now. I hope that all the friends of America are
Ruth said, trying to change the subject, which the Guardian knew she was
doing, "I think, Shoghi Effendi, that you would be pleased to see the signs
of maturity that were at the last convention."
The Guardian said, "Signs of maturity! What signs? Everyone smiled.
Ruth replied, having to think quickly, "There seems to be less wordiness,
and more of a desire for action and for pioneering."
The Guardian said, "This enthusiasm is very fine during the Convention, but
it seems that afterward they forget so soon. The Americans are very
enthusiastic and industrious but they do not carry things through like the
British. I am not referring to Mrs. Moffett. You are very industroius and
sincere, and you are very persevering, even against great obstacles. This
is an excellent quality. I hope that you can instill it into others."
"Everything is declining in America. Art, music, money, manners.
Everything. Especially in the great cities. You and the friends should leave
the cities and disperse, that the Faith of God may grow and save mankind.
Those who do not respond will loose everything. Those who do will gain
"You are greatly needed in the teaching field throughout America. I hope
that you will continue as you have been doing so effectively, teaching
college students, groups, communities, individuals, as well as in public
lectures. This is very important. Although you have been asked to assist in
many countries, you are most needed in America now."
"There is too much emphasis upon Administration and not on spirit in
America. Too much emphasis upon intellectual concepts and not upon
spirit. Some do not know the difference. There is too much delving into
mysticism and occultism, "idle fancies and vain imaginings." This is not
the Word of God and leads people into the web of vain immaginings from
which it is very difficult to become extricated. The only hope for mankind
is to turn the word of God as revealed by Bahá'u'lláh in this Day, and obey
His laws and precepts. The occultists, like the Christian Scientists, are
not pure in heart as they do not recognize the station of Manifestations,
and like the Quakers they are not united in the Divine Focal Point, the
Manifestation, so they do not have a direct power from God. I hope that you
can help them to understand this."
"Mrs. Moffett, what is your success with the Jews?"
Ruth replied, "Shoghi Effendi, many times I have been very successful for I
love working with them. It seems that when a Jew truly turns to
Bahá'u'lláh, he has a deeper sense of the Realities than do those of other
The Guardian smiled and nodded and said, "That is good, and what you have
said is true. The Jews are very devoted as are the Catholics, when they
really turn to Bahá'u'lláh. I hope that you can work more with them Mrs.
Moffett, and with the youth. This is very important."
One evening the Guardian began speaking about the unity of the home and
the many homes that are disunited today. He said, "Nothing should be done
to disrupt the unity of the home. Each should fulfill his responsibilities to
the home and by the law of constant consultation and cooperation and
prayer maintain that unity. The one who disrupts it will surely suffer. The
family is the institution of God. Everything should be done to preserve it."
Several times the Guardian spoke on this point. Later he said, "Nothing
should be done to upset the family unity. Try to interest the unBahá'í
husband to leave the city and go to some goal city to pioneer, where there
is a new environment and a needed goal. Do everything possible to uphold
the family unity and to win him to love and service in the Faith. That is
the greatest success and protection for both. There will be a world civil
war and after that a great unification. This must begin with the unity of
the family and the friends. Mrs. Moffett, help the friends to understand
this and to accept and serve the Word of God in this Day, as it is the most
important thing in life."
"In America there is too much emphasis upon Administration and not
enough on spirit. We should remember that progress is made from crisis to
crisis. We must learn to meet the crisis in the right way. The crisises can
not be avoided. The law of crisis is noted in all phases of life. We are now
entering a new phase of life. Now is the time of the change of the tide of
human history. It is the time of individual as well as world crisis. It can
be met in the right way only by the power of Bahá'u'lláh in the Day."
The Guardian many times spoke of Africa and the remarkable progress
there. One evening he ended his remarks by saying, "Africa is the country
of greatest opportunities to teach the Faith and the safest of
"Yes, Mrs. Moffett, move out of Chicago to a small city or village. The city
people are deaf and blind and the village people are open to the Truth. Your
Seminar method is very good. I hope that you continue as you have been
doing as it brings results. You have been developing and perfecting this
method for a long time and it is good. Concentrate on confirming souls as
you have been doing. God has given you this greatest of blessings. Thank
Him continually for this great bounty."
"Do not worry about pioneering and serving the Cause. You have been and
are doing it. Do not worry about jobs and means. Go and you will find that
means will come. Have faith and put the faith into activity." Ruth said that
her money had all been going instead of coming, but she had the Faith in
that great spiritual law, "According to thy faith shall thy powers and
blessings be." She said that millions of things had come, more than money
could possibly buy. Undreamed of things had miraculously worked out,
thanks to Bahá'u'lláh. She prayed for strength to keep faith unwavering at
One day Ruth received a letter from Josephine Kruka from Finland, asking
her to ask the Guardian if sometime she (Ruth) could come to help in
Finland. Ruth showed the Guardian the letter. He said, "Yes it is god for you
to go to Finland sometime, but not right away, not on this trip, but later,
and not to settle permanently. Yes, it will be good for you to go there
later. Yes they would like to have you help in Australia, but you are not
needed as much in Australia as elsewhere. You would be of great help in
many countries but you are need most in America."
"You, Mrs. Moffett, have already rendered historic service. You not only
convert, as many do, but you confirm. The most important work in the
entire world is to Quicken souls and to inspire them into active service.
You are one of the few people who are able to confirm souls. Many lecture,
but that does not confirm. You have a long and enviable record of bringing
souls to confirmation, which few others have. You lead them gently and
lovingly up the necessary steps. In teaching, these steps are necessary.
1. Favorable Attention: 2. Interest: 3. Desire to do something: 4. conviction
or Conversion: 5. Confirmation: 6. Service: 7. Consecration. Too many
teachers stop before the step of confirmation, the step which stirs into
action, service. This is much more important that Administration. Anyone
can administer, but only a true teacher can teach and confirm. You have
been greatly blessed by this gift from God. I hope that you will continue as
you have been doing. You are greatly needed in America to help make the
goals. I am very disappointed in America. They have failed this past year. I
am not referring to you, Mrs. Moffett. You have continued in spite of the
difficulties, and you will be rewarded by God."
"Those who will not disperse will suffer physically, economically and
most of all, spiritually because they have not listened and obeyed. They
have not listened to the warnings of Bahá'u'lláh and 'Abdu'l-Bahá, who
warned that 'the fire of materialism will devour the great cities, which
are like Babylon and Ninivah and Sodom and will be destroyed,' Christ
warned, "Come out of her my people that ye be not partakers of her
plagues." Canada is doing fairly well but U.S.A. has failed. America must be
saved and America must rise to meet her great destiny. she must become
the moral and spiritual leader of all the nations of the world. You must
help her to rise to her great destiny. 'Abdu'l-Bahá will help you."
Continue to "Send your reports to the N.S.A. and to the A.N.T.C. and to the
Area Committees. I had asked you when you were in Haifa before to send
me reports regularly. This you have done and I have greatly appreciated
them, but I have become too busy to read and enjoy them. I can no longer
even write to the N.S.A.'s. Can only send cablegrams. Have you made an
effort to reach the Jewish people and also the youth? This important.
Perhaps sometime you can work with the Jews in Israel. I hope that you
will continue in just what you are doing in larger and larger fields.
Bahá'u'lláh will guide and bless you in our selfless and sacrificial
"In the Bahá'í world especially, we do not want to see homes broken up,
especially Bahá'í homes. Try to help the friends to live the life, and try to
win the blind and resistant husband or wife to the teachings for this Day,
the observance of which will bring true happiness." Then turning to Ruth
he said, " You are needed in America more than any place else. You can
speak in universities and colleges and clubs as few other teachers can do.
You are needed in many places. I hope that nothing will interfere with your
One evening the Guardian said, "I have written and praised and warned and
spoken with great firmness, and yet the friends of America seem to pay no
attention. They seem concerned only with their own interests* spiritually
for being so heedless and so immature. Now they must mature more
rapidly and not act like other children." Ruth must have looked downcast
for the Guardian smiled and said, "I do not mean you, Mrs. Moffett, but you
must warn them in no uncertain terms for their own good. The heedless
ones in the big cities are already trapped."
Several times the Guardian spoke of the great destruction in the world.
One evening he said, "There will be a great amount of destruction in the
world, in Europe, Asia, in the U.S.A., in the Pacific, along the coasts and
even in Africa, wherever bases have been established. The White race will
be diminished to almost nothing and will be unimportant in the future. We
can do nothing about the calamities. We can do everything about the Faith.
There is a great need for the awakening of the Assemblies. The more
Administration in the form of committees, etc., the less the spirit and the
slower the Teaching work. We need only enough Administration to bring
results and to hold things together. The hands will have charge of all the
teaching work. The Auxiliary boards will be representatives, assistants,
and advisors to the friends. Keep in close touch with them. The Hands will
*Insert - "and possessions. They will suffer physically as well as
"Everything is declining in America. Things are so trivial and amaturish,
and casual. We should express dignity, poise, and maturity for the things
related to the Faith. Nothing is too good for the Faith, and it should be in
good taste and appropriate. They should leave the great cities and disperse
that the Faith may grow and save mankind. Those who do not respond will
loose everything, London, Paris, New York, Chicago, San Francisco, will all
be bombed! Yes, they will evaporate! Everything! America is stagnant!
America must be saved! This is why the believers must disperse that the
Faith may live and that they may not wither and die. Those who now fail to
answer to the summons of the Ten Year Crusade will suffer both
materially and spiritually.' Those who do not respond to the Command of
God will feel the double suffering. Bahá'u'lláh and 'Abdu'l-Bahá both
warned of this. This is very grave challenge and those who do not meet it
will deeply regret it. Help the friends understand this. It must be
presented to them wisely."
Shoghi Effendi said that he had been told that some of the friends are
disturbed over reports brought back by the pilgrims concerning the
dangers facing America in the future whenever another world
conflagration breaks out. He says that he does not feel that the Bahá'ís
should waste time dwelling on the dark side of things. Any intelligent
person can understand from the experiences of the past world war, and
keeping abreast of what modern science has developed in the way of
weapons for any future war, that big cities all over the world are going to
be in tremendous danger. This is what the Guardian said to the
He urged the Bahá'ís, for the sake of serving the Faith, to go out from
these centers of materialism... He strongly believes that the field outside
of the big cities is more fertile, and that the Bahá'ís will in the end be
happier. If the friends are concerned about obedience to civil government,
how much more should they be concerned about obedience to the laws of
Bahá'u'lláh and the directives of our Guardian.
He reminded us of the powerful words of Bahá'u'lláh in Prayers and
Meditations, 208, "Armed with the power of Thy Name nothing can ever
hurt me and with Thy love in my heart all the world's afflictions can in no
wise alarm me." P&M p-208
It is better to use the words "Devotional Gatherings" or "Hour of
Devotions," rather than "Sunday Service." Be creative, not just imitators.
and a new way to chant prayers, that is more inspiring and not so
The most Holy Places in the order of their importance are : 1-Akka, 2-
Haifa, 3-Baghdad, 4-Shiraz, 5-Teheran, 6-Istanbul or Constantinople. 7-
The Persian Temple will be larger than the one in Germany but smaller
than the one in Wilmette. The American Temple is the mother of the West.
The one in Ishqubad, is the Mother Temple of the East. Bahá'u'lláh is the
Divine Youth foretold by the Bab. He was only 27 when He made His
declaration. He expresses youth and vitality of the Spirit.
It is a sacred duty to pay one's debts, if possible, before becoming a
There will be great destruction, yes world civil war in Europe, U.S., Israel,
the Islands of the Pacific, even in Africa, wherever bases are established.
The White race in Africa will be almost diminished and will be
unimportant in the future. The difficulty will be racial, civil, religious, all
over the world. There is nothing to keep the Soviets from marching into
Israel. Teheran and Baghdad are also in great danger. Oil is the goal. The
Heart of the Bahá'í world, Haifa, and the Cradle of the Faith, Chicago, and
the greatest strongholds of the Administrative Institutions are all in
danger. The Bahá'ís must pray that God will mercifully protect the Faith,
as in the past. This is all due to the decline in religion and of materialism
and of spiritual decadence.
Love, self-sacrifice and devotion bring results in the Faith rather than
plans, ability, and any universal status.
It is very important to reach the native people whenever possible. It is
more important to concentrate on Istanbul than on Ankara, even though it
is the Capital, for six reasons. 1-Because Istanbul is the city where
Bahá'u'lláh suffered and was imprisoned by the Sultan. 2-Because it is the
key to the whole Black Sea Area. 3-Because it is the meeting point
between East and West. 4-Because it was the ancient capital. 5-Because
the Haziratu'l-Quds will be built there. 6-Because the N.S.A. of Turkey will
be established there.
Ruth spoke of the lengthy article by a group of radio active geiger counter
scientists during the geophysical year, who are opening up some
knowledge of past cycles of human history. They state that all larger
cycles seem to be divided into 6000 year cycles, and at the end of each
great changes take place, as at the end of this 6000 years, not of building
great over-crowded cities, but on a pattern of village building adapted to
the new age of science. The Guardian smiled and remarked, "Yes, I am glad
that the scientists are beginning to discover what Bahá'u'lláh stated
almost a century ago. Science is making progress."
Our Guardian, Shoghi Effendi, stated that the United States was chosen as
the Cradle of the New World Order, not because of its spiritual qualities,
but because of its corruption, the same as Persia was chosen for the
Revelation of Bahá'u'lláh because the Persians were worse than the
African savages and far more barbaric.
After the coming calamity the United States will fulfill the prophecy that
the United States will suffer, then it will lead all the nations spiritually.
He said that he has given up warning the friends, as they paid no heed to
either the warnings of Abdu'l-Bahá nor to Shoghi Effendi. They must suffer
It is too late to save the world. The Message of Bahá'u'lláh has been in the
world over one hundred years to save mankind, but it has been rejected all
over the world. The calamity will be sudden. He spoke of the American
statesman from the President down, all are helpless and impotent. The
United States is not now an altruistic nation. You help others to help
The Russian submarines will paralyze Great Britain, the United States,
Europe, the Atlantic, Pacific and Mediteranean seaboards. The Bahá'ís have
failed with the Negros in the United States. Intermarriage is good,
between races. It brings out the best in both races. Americans love money,
wives, family, friends, possessions. There is a sad decline in home life,
morals, art, music, money, everything.
Bahá'ís should not only leave their homes but go away as far as possible
from the coasts and to where they can serve the Cause of God. Victories
come only from sacrifice and self-abnegation. The greater the sacrifice
the greater the victory. Bahá'ís should lower their standards of living in
order to give more to the Faith.
We must be careful with governments and reckless with missionaries.
More settlers should go from the United States to France and to the
Scandinavien countries. Do not think that you can rest on your oars after
this ten year crusade. The Guardian has 19 new teaching plans to be
launched after this Ten Year plan is completed.
We should use Dr. George W. Townshends latest book, "Christ and
Bahá'u'lláh" because it is the most scholarly and portrays the Kingdom of
God upon the earth. (This note was added later after Ruth Moffett had
visited Dr. Townshend in Dublin, at the Guardian's request, and delivered
his message to him, all of which caused or enabled him to complete the
book at a time when he could no longer write. This again shows the cosmic
power of prayer and love and faith. It is a wonderful story.)
The coming calamity will be worse than war! Whole cities will evaporate!
Especially in those cities here it is harder to teach the teach the Faith
such as New York, Chicago, San Francisco. People will loose all their
possessions and homes over night. They will simply evaporate! Americans
will become refugees in other countries and continents. The United States
will suffer most because it is the most materialistic. Europe was the
cradle of materialism but the united States is the stronghold of
materialism. Russia will also suffer greatly. There is little difference
between the United States and Russia in their systems because both are
materialistic. Capitalism is purely materialistic, and Communism is
purely materialism. both control the proletariat. Both will suffer greatly.
The calamity will be retributive.
The earth will be covered mostly by dark skinned people and these of the
so-called uncivilized nations, not submerged materialism, "The limbs of
mankind shall quake" will apply more to the U.S.A. because of the
importance of the U.S.A. and her great destiny. Many countries are over
populated with people of bad blood. This must be cleansed. Science in the
future will solve the food problem. The calamity will happen before the
Lesser Peace. If the U.S.A. and Great Britain fail on the home fronts the
Baghdad Conference may not take place. America must become the moral
and spiritual leader of all the nations!!!!
Another evening, the Guardian said, "London, Paris, New York, Chicago, San
Francisco are already trapped. There are Russian submarines along the
Atlantic and Pacific coasts now." Some of the friends find it difficult to
leave their homes and to pioneer, even to move to goals within their own
country. They do not see that we are not asking them to sacrifice. We are
protecting them from great difficulty and from themselves. We are not
only protecting them from the calamity that is rushing toward them
outwardly, but from the calamity that is rushing toward them
One evening the Guardian spoke of certain National Committees. He said,
"They did fine work in fulfilling their goals in such a short time, but like
an unwise mother training her child, leaving it a little well dressed,
polite nonentity. Some of these National Committees have not brought any
new souls into the Faith, but are over-administered as was the N.S.A. of
"England went through a period also when it was too over administered,
but they have a good balance now. In America they still repress some of
the best teachers and build up a certain individual. Every good teacher that
can teach should be encouraged and assisted. The progress of the world
depends on the way we teach and the way we function today in our untied
efforts. We must know the Teachings and how to best present them. We
must have loving understanding, consultation, cooperation, and prayer
together and for one another. Each one is important and has his part to
fill. We are all bits of mosaic in the great Divine plan, and must not
mar the pattern by failing to fulfill our part."
"In the Western world the people do not like to be commanded or to obey.
They say, 'No one can push me around!' The Guardian does not command
anyone. The Guardian wishes only to guide and protect the friends." That
night Ruth wrote in her notebook: Here you loose the forever the feeling
that so many in the West seem to have, of rebellion against command, and
you long to have the Guardian command you to do something that you may
obey. His words are always suggestions and pointing the way. You see
obedience in the new light of protection, and in the joy of service, of
accomplishment and of attainment.
Ruhaniyyih Khanum inquired about Ruth's husband Robert and said "I have
always admired and loved him. He has the capacity to do great things for
the Faith. That means power and success! Go to a goal city and build it up.
As the Guardian suggested, leave Chicago and never mind about the job
first. Move first and the new opportunities will open up for you as you are
ready for them. As one serves the Cause and has the faith he will find that
all will be well and work for the best. As you work together you efforts
will be crowned with power and success. Remember, Ruth, the Guardian
said that your work is outstanding. Together you can make it even more
Several times the Guardian spoke to Ruth about teaching through-out the
Near-East and Europe on her return from Haifa. One evening he said: "I hope
Mrs. Moffett, that you will go throughout the Near East and Europe and the
British Isles, meeting as many of the friends as you can and help them to
understand the spirit of the Shrines, the nature of the Ten Year Crusade
and the Divine plan. I hope that you can teach is as many Summer
Schools as possible both in Europe and America. You have something that
they very much need. Stress the points in my recent cablegrams and
help them to understand the importance of the global Crusade, and that
this is the most important decade in all human history. The future is
dependent upon the events of this decade. The future of mankind is
dependent upon what the friends do today! If they do not arise as they
should today, Bahá'u'lláh has stated that he will raise up another people
and our opportunity shall be lost forever. Please stress these things in
no uncertain terms, but wisely."
"Help the pioneers and friends to understand all the points that I have
mentioned and especially these nine points. 1-Persevere, 2-Sacrifice, 3-
Remain in your post until an Assembly is well established, 4-Live the life,
5-Keep active, 6-Love all the people, 7-Teach! Teach! Teach! 8-Establish a
strong Assembly, 9-Pray and meditate continually!"
"Your book, 'Do'a The Call To Prayer' is very helpful. More should use and
study it, especially the Five Points of Prayer which I gave to you when you
were in Haifa years ago. One cannot succeed with out prayer. Help the
friends to learn more of the prayers so that they do not have to depend
upon a book. also they should speak the words. Thinking the words is not
sufficient. If you are where you cannot speak the words aloud, speak them
without putting the voice into them. They are much more potent in that
"Mrs. Moffett has developed a very fine chart, The Cause of the Rise and
Fall of Civilizations" [note: this is online at bahai-library.com/moffett_rise_fall_civilizations]. As the Guardian said this, Ruhiyyih Khanum rose and
handed the big chart to the Guardian from a serving table. He unrolled it
and pushed aside his plates and silver and anchored it down with his cup
and water glass. He said; "I had advised against the use of certain charts
that have been sent to me that were incorrect and misleading. I did not
advise against all charts, as I use the chart method myself. Mrs. Moffett's
chart is in a special class. It is based upon history. It is a graph of the
cycle as one would illustrate the solar system. It is a chart which
establishes relationships. It is very fine. She has permission to use it
wherever she feels there is a need. It is the result of her search and not a
Bahá'í chart, as it was not made by 'Abdu'l-Bahá nor the Guardian. Bahá'ís
need it and it is good for use in college classes and for those of a
Christian and Moslem background. It is very convincing."
"Every Bahá'í should teach according to his ability and all who teach
groups and speak in public should be trained in classes for that purpose.
The Bahá'í must not practice on the public. The very best presentation is
never good enough. Teachers should be carefully trained and constantly
strive to improve their presentation, giving more and more of the deeper
realities, with the spirit that has been released in the world by
Bahá'u'lláh. The time has come when the friends must study more
thoughtfully and teach and travel to all parts of the world. Love and
sincerity will take you anywhere. Teach with warm, loving enthusiasm and
dignity. It takes concentration and purity of heart to teach. We are being
called to higher standards, and to greater unity of spirit. This is our
On the last evening the Guardian said: "It is good for you to go to Germany
and to Vienna if you can. The German people have suffered much, and need
what you have to give them. Go to as many places as you can throughout
Europe and the British Isles. It would be well for you to teach in as many
Summer Schools as you can, both in Europe and America. You will be of
great help to them. You have something that they much need. But work in
the U.S.A. where you are needed most, all over North America. I am
disappointed in America. They are too much interested in administering
something or somebody and in publicity rather than in reaching souls with
the only healing remedy, the remedy for mankind. I hope that you can help
them reach souls, with the love and spirit of Bahá'u'lláh."
The Guardian turned directly to Ruth and said; "Mrs. Moffett, your work has
been outstanding!" Then he turned to the members of the International
Council and said; "There are few that have brought others into the
Cause as has Mrs. Moffett. There should be a thousand like her. She is
self-sacrificing, loving, understanding, well-organized, sincere and
consecutive. She leads her students step by step until she firmly brings
them into the Faith. Then she trains them to carry on. She is like Martha
Root and Dorothy baker, and speaks in the universities and colleges.
Few are equipped to do that. Her work is historic. I am proud of her. She
is the Martha Root of America!
The Guardian rose, and all at the table rose. As he held out his hand and
said, "Farewell," to Ruth, he said; "Be not discouraged, Mrs. Moffett, your
work is historic. I am proud of you. Go on just as you have been doing. May
Bahá'u'lláh lead you into even greater work and bless you! I hope that you
will come again to Haifa where you will always be most welcome." Then
the Guardian took both of Ruth's hands in his hand, and with the sweetest
smile said, "I shall pray in the Shrines that you may become an
unobstructed channel of great power reaching thousands of people." Then
he pressed her hand in farewell and said with the most heart-warming
smile; "I am expecting great things of you, Mrs. Moffett, and please tell
the friends that I send them my love and greetings, and tell them that I am
expecting great things of them also during our Global Crusade. God Speed!"
Then he was gone!
Ruth stood speechless and breathless after the powerful last words of the
Guardian. She felt stunned by all that he had said about her work, that he
was proud of her, that her work was historic. She felt that she would
strive even more to measure up to what the Guardian said of her. Ruhiyyih
Khanum said; "The Guardian seldom speaks with such power and fire."
As Ruth stood stunned and speechless, her eyes drank in hungrily the last
glimpse of the beloved Guardian as he disappeared in the doorway. She
thought happily that he had invited her to come again to Haifa. Then a
staggering thought flashed through her mind. "Bahá'u'lláh has endowed
you with one of the greatest gifts - the power to confirm. Thank God for
this great gift and bring Him even greater fruitage." In that moment,
when her heart seemed to be torn out by the roots at parting, she
dedicated her life in greater service to the beloved Guardian, even should
he not be visible among us, and breathed a prayer; "O God, forgive my
weakness and failings and help me to know and do Thy will!"
It was heavenly to be alone and kneel at the bed of the beloved Master and
feel His loving presence. And to have the last midnight hour with dear
Ruhiyyih Khanum and Millie in Millie's room in prayer, and meditating on
the words of the beloved Guardian. This hour was most precious!
Throughout all eternity I shall be grateful for these heavenly days in
this blessed spot.... the spiritual Kaaba of the world. ALLAH'U'ABHA!
Part II "B"
OUR GUARDIAN SPEAKS
Many people have visited the Guardian at Haifa, yet each one brings back a
little different impression of the Guardian and of his statements to the
pilgrims. Therefore, these notes are the personal, individual impression of
this pilgrim, written down daily with the help of the secretaries of the
One night the Guardian said, "Pilgrim notes are very important. They
should be eagerly received as they bring the Spirit of the Shrines, and the
station of the Guardianship, and the frist-hand impressions which the
cablegrams and letters cannot convey. Of course they cannot be
authoritative, as they are not written by the Master or the Guardian, but
they are very important, and should be so considered."
It is a joy and a privilege to share with you some of the wisdom and rich
experiences and the knowledge from His Excellency, Shoghi Effendi
Rabbani, our beloved Guardian.
Ruhiyyih Khanum said she had a dream one night: she dreamed that the dam
had burst and that there was a great flood, She rushed down to the water's
edge to try to save someone, but the current swept them past. She reached
out to try to grasp and save another. She grasped one by the hair, and, with
great effort, brought that one to shore. Then she tried to reach another,
but the current swept him by. She looked up at the side of the mountain,
and there she saw 'Abdu'l-Bahá, who looked like a Prophet of God, with his
white turban and flowing beard, with his back to the flood, working very
hard. She rushed up the mountain side, grasped His sleeves and said, "Oh,
'Abdu'l-Bahá, come and help me save some of these people who are
drowning in the flood." 'Abdu'l-Bahá went right on, working very rapidly
and said nothing. She grasped his sleeve again and said, "Oh 'Abdu'l-Bahá,
these people are drowning, come help me save some of these people who
are drowning in the flood." 'Abdu'l-Bahá, without stopping his work turned
to her with a smile and Said, "'Abdu'l-Bahá is building the machine to stop
the flood." (That is what is taking place in the world today)
The Guardian said, one evening that world unity will be securely
established in the twentieth century. Bahá'u'lláh does not wish the
countries to be deprived of kingship, so when there are enough Bahá'í
states, they will follow the injunction of Bahá'u'lláh. Then he made the
surprising statement that America will one day have a king. Kingship, as
known at present, will disappear, but will later be re-established. Then he
stated that fourteen or fifteen kings have fallen as the result of the
unawareness and the resistance to the message of Bahá'u'lláh.
Muhammad, who wrote to the kings said that if Ceasar did not respond to
the Tablet that he wrote to him, that Constantinople would fall to the
Moslems, and this tradition is in a tablet on the wall of St. Sophia.
Kings will not have political power in the future, but will be honorary, and
they will represent the majority of the people who have turned toward
God. They will be in a position that will be in harmony and cooperation
with the Universal House of Justice.
After the passing of 'Abdu'l-Bahá, we know that the Persian dynasty
completely changed and the Turkish Empire Fell. The Guardian said that we
must base our work on the Divine Plan and use the Divine Institutions to
do it. These, only, will bring success. These Institutions were not created
at the same time when our beloved Martha Root lived, and so there was not
success at that time in the creating of groups.
The Guardian spoke of the evolution of the World Order; that the L.S.A. and
Institutions in the days of the Master were the germ of World Order. The
Administrative order, is, itself, an embryo; the World Order is the child
and the offspring, World Order will gradually develop in the Golden Age
and reach the stage of "the coming of age" of mankind. This stage will
happen at the close of the Golden Age. World Order
will evolve in the course of the Golden Age until it will reach its period of
"coming of age"; then it will gradually mature. To illustrate - we know
that a man matures at the age of forty. It is a short period from the time
of boyhood to the "coming of age", but a long period from the "coming of
age" to maturity, and that is the most important time in all one's life. It is
important to know the Genesis of World Order. It is the result of the union
of the law of Bahá'u'lláh, the positive generating factor and covenant of
Bahá'u'lláh and the mind of 'Abdu'l-Bahá. The union of the two gives rise to
the birth of the Administrative Order which started in the formative age
and matures toward the close of the Bahá'í cycle.
Bahá'u'lláh says that there will be in every 500,000 years, only one
Revelation that can be compared to his Revelation. The Master established
it in the Tablet. We must make a distinction between the station of
Manifestations and the Station of Bahá'u'lláh. There will be a series of
Major Prophets, each with a book, added laws and truth, and each may
abrogate previous ones, but they will be under the Light of Bahá'u'lláh. All
will be law givers, Founders of a new Dispensation, major Prophets, and
yet they will be under the Light of Bahá'u'lláh. The World Order will
mature in the course of a series of dispensations.
So many times it is asked, "But why should Bahá'u'lláh have such a high
station?" I will explain. Because His Revelation coincides with a stage
unique in the evolution of humanity, namely, the coming of age of the
human race. This has never happened before and could never happen again
at any time upon this planet.
This planet was not discovered when Muhammed appeared, and America
was not discovered when Christ appeared, nor much even of the Far East;
so it was impossible for Christ and Muhammed, or the Prophets before
them, to stress the unification of man. First the world must be
discovered, then science must develop, then the world must contract. This
makes the coming of age the culmination of the 6000 year process so
Nothing more important could happen to man than reaching the age of 21.
something happens inside of him, physically, psychologically, and
spiritually. Maturity is reached at the age of 40, and that is due to the
change that came over him at 21. What happens at 21 is more important
than what happens at 40, or any other time of life, because what happens
at 40 is determined by what happened at 21. that is why the Revelation of
Bahá'u'lláh is so important; that is why those that recognize it and turn to
Him are alive and those who turn away are as dead!
This is the answer that Bahá'ís must give when people object to the
Bahá'ís saying that other Prophets will appear under the Light of
Bahá'u'lláh. This is the only answer that we can give adequately just now.
No Revelation after Bana'u'llah will be final. It is progressively and
indefinitely so, but future Revelations will be under the light of
Bahá'u'lláh and be less in spirit!
Bahá'u'lláh's claims are tremendous, challenging, but reasonable. The
claims of the Moslems and Catholics are neither challenging, nor
reasonable, nor tremendous. No one had made a greater claim in our
history than Bahá'u'lláh, and no one has made a lesser claim than
Muhammed, because he stressed the less challenging aspect of God.
In the Ighan, page 178-181, Bahá'u'lláh gives all the stations of the
Manifestations of God. He quotes them. He says, "If We say We are
servants, We are right. If We say We are God, We are right. Muhammed
claimed only to be a Messenger of God, the least challenging. Bahá'u'lláh
did the opposite, He claimed to be the Revelation of God, the Glory of
God! All reflect the Divine Spirit tho' the mission of each is
When one claims a very high station, all lower ones are included in that
statement. Previous Prophets were all preliminary Manifestations,
preparing the way for the Promised One and those under His shadow, like
John in the Revelations to Christ, and the Bab to Bahá'u'lláh. Because this
is the Cycle of Maturity.
The process of World Order starts only with the Bahá'í Revelation; the
Administrative order, the L.S.A.'s and institutions are the embyro. We are
now entering the third stage. It will gradually lead to World Order,
the offspring. It will pass through seven stages. 1-
Obscurity, 2- Repression, 3-Emancipation, 4-
Recognition, 5-Establishment, 6-Sovereignty, 7-
Emergence of the Bahá'í World Commonwealth. That means the
coming of age of the human race, the establishment of the Most Great
Peace. This is the Golden Age and the evolution of humanity. These
processes will join and they will reach the stage of the birth of World
This is the starting point for a succession of dispensations, culminating
in the maturity of the human race. The maturity of the fruit of the Tree of
Progressive Revelation, and the maturity of human society will progress
The World Order of Bahá'u'lláh is purely Bahá'í now, but at the same time
the world is progressing, divine revelation, also is progressing. World
Order and human society can no longer be a separate process. The Bahá'í
World Commonwealth will begin to mature near the end of the Bahá'í
dispensation, not cycle. This leads to the birth of the fruit of the golden
The coming of the Bab is totally different. This is another process. It
starts with Adam; in a way it is the evolution of Divine Revelation, but
this is a different simile; From Adam to the Bab is represented by the
Branch, the Leaf and the Flower. The olive tree is mentioned in the Koran,
not without reason. It is a different simile altogether. The Guardian spoke
of it in his message to the American convention last Ridvan. He called for
this message, and after considerable search it was found and he read this
passage; "This is the station of the Bab. I compare it to the fruit, the olive
tree sacrifices itself for oil, the oil is ignited. This is Bahá'u'lláh! The fire
becomes Bahá'u'lláh." The Dispensation of The Bab is the beginning of the
process of diffusion of the Light of Bahá'u'lláh throughout the planet.
The Koran refers to the tree which belongs neither to the East nor the
West, whose oil is so powerful that it ignites itself. This refers to The
Bab; when ignited the light becomes Bahá'u'lláh and this happened in the
Siyyih Chal. Read Surih of Muhammed called the Light. Quote: "Allah is the
light of the heavens and the earth, a likeness of his like is as the pillar on
which is the lamp. The lamp is in a glass and the glass is, as it were, a
brightly shining star, lit from a blessed olive tree, neither Eastern or
Western, the oil whereof almost gives light, though the fire toucheth it
not. Light upon light. Allah gives light when he pleases, and Allah sets
forth parables for men, and Allah is cognizant of all things." These are the
words of Muhammed.
In the Siyyih Chal there was only a faint flicker of Divine light, soon
enveloped by clouds. For ten years it was obscured and eclipsed by
calamities. Then, in Baghdad, when Bahá'u'lláh went to Adrianople the light
was lighted in a crystal globe, meaning the stage of proclamation of His
Mission in Adrianople. It shone more brightly then.
The light was confined to the East all this time. When Bahá'u'lláh
ascended, or passed on, through the Covenant, 'Abdu'l-Bahá, the Light
struck the fringes of the continents of America, Europe, and Australia.
After the Master passed on, as a result of the Light, Shoghi Effendi, the
Administrative Order was established. Its father is the Law of Bahá'u'lláh,
and its mother, the Covenant of 'Abdu'l-Bahá. The Light spread all over the
continents through Shoghi Effendi.
This is the stage that we are in now, and we are witnessing its unfolding.
It is now diffusing its light over all the continents; then, later, it will
envelop the whole planet; then in the course of the future, successive,
generations, light beams will penetrate. when the Administrative Order is
firmly established in every country, this firm establishment will cause
the penetration of the Light that gave its first flicker in the year
In the Koran, the olive is symbolic of the Christian Dispensation, and
the fig in the Mosaic Dispensation. In the Tablet of Lawh-i-Ra' to the
Prime Minister of Turkey, Bahá'u'lláh said that "once We appeared as
an olive tree and the Mount of Olives, or Zetah; and once We appeared
as the fig." In another passage in the Koran, Muhammed swears by the
fig and the olive, the Mosaic and Christian Dispensations, and by this
noble city, which means Mecca. The Moslem Dispensation is not
symbolized by a tree, but by a mountain...Mount Paran, near Sinai.
Missionaries have derided Muhammed for saying that He was
swearing by trees, whereas, in reality He meant Dispensations.
All three mountains are mentioned in Deuteronomy... Mt. Siani,
referring to Moses, Mt. Paran to Muhammed, and Mt. Sier to the
Christian Dispensation and the ten thousand saints, and Mt. Carmel
refers to Bahá'u'lláh.
The light of Bahá'u'lláh is now diffused through Shoghi Effendi over
268 countries and dependencies of the world; and here, in the year 1954,
it is almost inconceivable that 110 have been opened, in ten months,
the Great Light of Bahá'u'lláh... that means 11 countries per month
this year! There is nothing like this in all religious history.
The Light of Baha was not spread by the sword but by the love, sacrifice,
effort, education and spirit of the followers of Bahá'u'lláh.
Palestine has undergone many changes and influences. First, it was the
Land of Canaan; then King Saul made it a civic state; then David and
Solomon were kings expanding its territories. For a long time it was
part of Ancient Babylon; then it became a part of the Medo-Persian
Empire... and when that fell, it became a part of the Greecian Empire
and had the influence of that civilization. It was then taken over by the
Holy Roman Empire, and it was at that time that Jesus, the Christ,
came... when Palestine was under the heel of Rome. Following that, it
became a Moslem country controlled by the Moslems., the Turks, and
the Arabs. Then it was an English mandate, in 1918; and from 1948,
after the revolution, Israel has been a free state, the Moslems holding
the old city of Jerusalem, and Jordan.
It was in 1948, during the remarkable bloodless revolution, that
4,000,000 Moslems fled from the land, and less than a million Jews
marched in and began developing the land. The Jews have suffered for
nearly 2,000 years because they persecuted Jesus, the Christ, for three
years. How long do you think the Moslems will suffer when they
persecuted Bahá'u'lláh, the Glory of God, for fifty years? They will
be scattered and persecuted greatly.
The borders of Israel will be extended far beyond where they are today.
The Jews do not know why they have been called "The chosen people."
They have been chosen to come and build the state that will become
the chalice, holding the precious jewel of the Bahá'í World Center, the
Capitol of the World! What a great bounty is theirs! Some day they will
know and appreciate the reality of being "chosen" for such a great
On page 75 in S.A.Q., 'Abdu'l-Bahá said the time would come when
the whole of Palestine would be returned to the Jews. The Jews are now
materialistic and very nationalistic, and not at all spiritual. The
fundamental reason why the Jews, after 2,000 years of dispersal,
returned to Palestine is to become the supporters of the Faith of
Bahá'u'lláh at its World Center. This is their destiny; their immediate
destiny is to build up their state which is very valuable to the faith.
The Arabs would not do this. The Jews are cousins to the British in
tenacity and courage. They fought very bravely when defending their
Faith. They have great thinkers and scientists among them. They have
good scientists and keen business-men, and this is needed to build this
state which will become the "chalice for the precious jewel of
I asked the Guardian, "Which is the correct cave of Elijah on Mt.
Carmel?" The larger
is claimed by the Moslems; the smaller, higher cave, by the Christian
Carmelite Monks, over which is the Carmelite Church. The Guardian
said that the smaller, higher cave is the correct one... the cave in which
all the Prophets, major and minor, had been. It is in this cave in which
the monks have kept a candle constantly burning for over 1700 years,
and a monk in constant attendance, looking for the Promised One of
the day at the end of the days. It was in this cave, in 1888, that
Bahá'u'lláh revealed the Tablet of Carmel in a loud voice, so that the
priests and monks could hear Him.
"It is important," the Guardian said, "to memorize the Tablet of
Carmel. It is on page 14 in the Gleanings." then he continues and said
that Bahá'u'lláh is the Founder of the Shrines on Mt. Carmel, and
much more. He is the Founder of the whole set of Institutions on Mt.
Carmel. He is the Founder of all the Administrative and Spiritual
centers of the World Commonwelth. The Tablet of Carmel is
the Charter of the World Center of the Faith. The Will and
Testament of 'Abdu'l-Bahá is the Charter of the Administrative
Order. We will build according to the directions of this Charter and the
Divine Plan, or third division, which is the Charter for the Propagation
of the Faith. All these form The Charter for World Order.
It is almost six years since the armistice between the Jews and the
Arabs, but there is no peace. The Arabs have no intention of
establishing peace. They are hostile and vindictive. Fortunately, they
are not united. This saves the Jews and protects us as well.
There are 4,000,000 Arabs in seven states and yet they were defeated by
less than a million Jews, and the Jews defeated the British also with
their great armies. Then the Guardian smiles, and explained how they
did it without adequate men or means.
We are assured that the Jews will occupy all of Palestine. 'Abdu'l-Bahá
said this in S.A.Q. Also, the British Secretary Balfour stated it. Israel, to
many, means home. Israel means "Blessing", means "God", "Israel
hastening to God", or "the Blessings from God". The decline of Islam is
The Arabs suffered great defeat because they persecuted and did not
respond to the call of Bahá'u'lláh, and millions of Arabs left Israel and
one million Jews moved in. How will the Jews get the land? The Arabs
will make trouble and the Jews will drive them out, and the country
will be extended. The destiny of Israel is to become a Bahá'í state. They
will support the International Institutions of the Faith. World opinion
is now pro-Arab. It will later become pro-Israel. This will happen on a
world scale. There will be a World Civil War and then a great
Did you ever dream that such results would come from Africa, the
dark continent? Kampala has set the example for the whole Bahá'í
World. America is stagnating and Africa is full of vigor and vitality!
Everything is declining in America, the arts, music, the money, the
manners. Fear, frustration, disillusionment are everywhere. America
is a stagnant pool. There are signs of stagnation everywhere, because it
is a materialistic civilization like Babylon, Ninevah, and Rome. They
must become more spiritual in America, and less materialistic.
Irreligion and godlessness are increasing everywhere, causing more
crime. Fear is causing some to go back to church, while in Africa there
is vigor and vitality. I am very grateful and proud of Africa. After 50
years in America, there are only four Indian tribes that have been
touched, while in Africa 70 tribes have been influenced by the Light of
The Guardian said to Mr. & Mrs. Elston, pioneers to Africa, that he
wanted a picture of all the African believers together. This can only be
accomplished by a Conference, and All-African Conference. It is not yet
time, as the Government might become suspicious seeing so many
together, but it will be held in the future.
Mary Elston said that the neighbors were ignoring them, but the
Haziratu'l-Quds was like a beehive!
You are familiar with 'Abdu'l-Bahá's Divine Plan, which is divided
into three seven year divisions. The first two of these have been
successfully completed. We have now recently entered into the third
division of the Divine Plan, which is our Ten Year Global Crusade,
which will be completed in 1963.
The Guardian gave me very specific directives for the accomplishment
of this Ten Year Plan. He asked me to stress some of these objectives in
this Plan and the way by which we can bring this about successfully.
These are very, very important. He asked me to stress these various
points throughout my travels in Europe, America, and the British Isles.
1- The first is systematic and energetic teaching, saying that teaching
work is the most all-important part of the Ten Year Plan. 2- Second to
that, at all cost, the prizes that have been won must be maintained,
with emphasis on the "at all cost". 3- The third is that Assemblies that
are now functioning must be maintained, and he emphasized, "by
every available means". Then he emphasized the fact that during the
next nine years 48 new N.S.A.'s should be established.
We know how long it has taken us to establish just twelve N.S.A.'s,
and so today it looks utterly, completely impossible that within nine
years 48 new N.S.A.'s shall be established... But we know that it will be
Then he emphasized the prompt purchase of the sites for the future
Bahá'í Temples. He did not say the Temples would be built during the
Ten Year Crusade, but the prompt purchase of the sites that are
mentioned in the Divine Plan must be made.
The sixth point is that the funds must be built for the establishment of
Haziratu'l-Quds in the capitol cities, and the next dependencies that are
in the Plan. He does not say that they must be built, but the funds must
be built during this period.
Another point is the translation of the literature mentioned in the
Divine Plan by 'Abdu'l-Bahá. This is already started, and we know that
it will be completed ere the nine years are finished.
The next is the acquisition of all the Holy Places in Iran. The Persian
friends, as soon as the Guardian suggests something that should be
done, they go and do it. Already all of the Holy Places have been
purchased save one, and that is the Shrine of Assiyyih Khanum, the
beautiful devoted wife of the Bab. It is a Muhammedan Mosque which
they had been unable to get. Recently we learned that the Shrine has
been purchased, the remains removed and placed on a new shrine
erected for her.
The tenth point is the construction of a Mashriqu'l-Adhkar in Tihiran
and that will be built within the Ten Year Crusade. He stressed the
erection of the Mashriqu'l-Adhkar in Frankfort, Germany, and we
know that it will be completed. Just recently, when I was there, with
the N.S.A. of Germany in Nechargumund they purchased the site for
the first temple. We had a beautiful celebration in commemoration of
the purchase of the site. They are anxious to build as soon as possible.
What an example after all they have gone through!
The next point is to build a Dependency in Wilmette, which we know
is an Old People's Home. He said, "Build it, and build it promptly!"
This might indicate something of the need and the emergency of the
Then the Guardian stressed the need of establishing L.S.A.
endowments and other needs. This we know has already started — the
endowments for the L.S.A.'s and the N.S.A.'s and we have a new direct
form of giving for the endowments to take care of the Institutions for
the Hands of the Cause in the future.
The next point he raised was to lend a fresh impetus that L.S.A.'s
become incorporated. I found in so many cities in which I travelled
that the communities had no idea of the importance of having and
L.S.A. incorporated. The Guardian said that when there are fifteen
members, if possible, they should become incorporated; without it they
are a nonentity, and with it they are an entity and can hold property. In
these days it is very, very important.
The fourteenth point is to establish a Bahá'í Publishing Trust in each of
the five continents. "This", he said, "is next in importance to the
Then the Guardian spoke of the objective of the Ten Year Plan in
relation to the World Center of the Faith in Israel. His first point is that
the preliminary steps be taken for the construction and beautification
of the Sepulcher of Bahá'u'lláh in Bahji; following that will be the
purchase of land for the building of the Temple on Mt. Carmel. This
has already been accomplished, and a pointed monument on a pedestal
will be placed upon that site until it is time to erect the Temple. The
names of Mason Remey, architect, and Millie Collins, doner, will be
engraved upon it.
The next point was the importance of establishing an International
Bahá'í World Court. This is most wonderful, for we know that the
World Court of the League of Nations did during a brief period. It was
very important and effective as far as it went, but not all nations were
members and therefore it was not truly a World Court. Also, it was
involved in political affairs in a way that it would not become a
perfectly just court. So we can see what it will mean when we can
establish an International Bahá'í Court to which any nation can go for
advice and help.
"Then the next directive", he said, " is the construction of the
International Bahá'í Archives. This will be built on the Tenth Terrace,
over-looking the Monumental Gardens on Mt. Carmel in Israel. The
drawings are already completed." "It was my privilege to watch Mr.
Mason Remey make the drawings day by day while I was there. Ere
long the construction of the Archives will begin. This will be a great
asset to the Cause."
The next point is the extension of the International endowments. The
Guardian has already mentioned it, first the extension of Bahá'í
endowments, and then the extension of the service of the Hands of the
Cause. It has been a year since they were appointed, and now we know
that they will be a very important part in establishing forms, methods
and systems by which the teaching work can go forth with much
The codification of the Laws of the Kitab-i-Aqdas is very important
because we can break a commandment or an injunction, but when it
to a law, we must obey it to the last letter. When we have the
codification of the laws of the Kitab-i-Aqdas, we can see how that will
begin to establish unification in the world greater than any other single
means can bring about.
Another point is to unify the ties binding the community to the United
Nations. We know this is already started in the non-governmental
committee, but it is not very effective yet. The ties must be
strengthened and reinforced, so that through this means, also, world
unity will be established.
The Guardian spoke of the establishment of the Israeli branches of the
seven N.S.A.'s on Mt. Carmel. In other words, this is a very important
means by which the N.S.A.'s can be linked to the hub of the whole
Cause at its Center, owning property in the World Center. This
committee will be established to take care of these new institutions and
methods of unification.
The last of these ten points relating to Israel — He said there would be a
great world convocation after several world conferences. There will be
many Oceanic Conferences. These conferences will be the North Sea
Conference, then the Mediterranean Sea Conference, the
North Pacific, the South Pacific, then the Atlantic and the Indian Ocean
Conference. These will all be swept into a great World Conference
Congress in Baghdad in 1963.
The Guardian said that material civilization is doomed; that all the
nations have become corrupt politically and that America is the most
politically disturbed nation on earth. The Americans are now living in
a fool's paradise, thinking they are safe in overcrowded cities that are
full of noise, dirt, and crime. The Bahá'í Friends should leave the
corrupt cities, get a bit of land, establish a Bahá'í Community and
establish the Bahá'í spirit in preparation of the glorious World Order of
Bahá'u'lláh. There will be great distruction, and the Friends should
move out of the cities and see what will happen when they build
Bahá'í communities in villages.
"If the Friends of America do not disperse," the Guardian said, "they
will suffer materially and spiritually. After 50 years in America, there
are only 500 Negro Bahá'ís and in one year there are over 700 in Africa.
Those who do not respond to the call and disperse will loose
everything, and those who do respond will gain everything. The
former will be caught in a trap. London, Paris, New York, Chicago, San
Francisco will be bombed. This he repeated several times and said that
'Abdu'l-Bahá warned the believers to solve the racial problem. Because
they have not solved it, there have been two wars. The situation is
very grave. The believers do not have enough trust in God and
detachment. Yes, great cities will evaporate. Everything in them will
evaporate!!! The standards which have been so materialistically high
and superficial will be lowered and Africa and her standards will be
"The Global Plan and Bahá'u'lláh will triumph in spite of the neglect
of its supporters. If one country falls short, another will make up for its
failure. The Friends will loose, but the Cause will go on. If I have the
right tools, I can work. I cannot create. God creates. In some mysterious
way the instruments are developed. An artisan cannot create the tools
he works with. Give him the right tools and he will do the job."
"There is not enough dedication in the Cause. Intuitively act as soon as
I find something that can be used. There is dedication of a few, but
dedication must permeate the masses, not just a few. They should
study their instincts, habits, environment, prejudices. In the U.S.
emphasis is in such trivial things and non-essentials. The Bahá'ís must
be quite different from the masses. They must have a new way of life in
big as well as in small things, and remember that demonstration will
speak louder than words."
The Guardian said there was too much emphasis on Administration
and not enough on the Spiritual. Too miuch emphasis on intellectual
concepts and not enough on the spiritual, and some do not know the
difference. Delving into occultism, mysticism are idle fancies and vain
imaginations. The words of Bahá'u'lláh are words of God, but
occultism or mysticism is not the Word of God, and lead people into a
web of imagination from which extraction is very difficult. The only
hope for man is obedience to the laws and precepts of His chosen
The young people should go out on the farms and work with their
hands, The new race of men will be wholly devoted to the service of
America has become too mechanized; other countries not enough. The
husband should have more leisure to develop his soul qualities."
"Should a man do so much for religion that he should neglect his
family responsibilities?" The Guardian was asked. "No, He should
fulfill his family responsibilities; he should never do anything to
disrupt the unity of the home."
The Guardian was asked about the Mormons. He said that Joseph
Smith was a Seer, not a Prophet, neither major nor minor; that he had
high standards — but we have the power that comes from the Word of
God for this age, which they do not have until they turn to
The Prophets are the Mirrors reflecting the attributes of God. The
Quakers do not have a Prophet, therefore they do not have the power,
though they think they do.
The L.S.A.'s should not, at this time, spend money on big advertising
campaigns, expansion, or on renting big centers.
The Shrines become the spiritual center of any religious Faith. The
spiritual center in the Christian world was first Palestine, then moved
to Greece, then Rome, and the Pope is still the spiritual Head of the
In Islam, the Spiritual Center was first in Mecca, Medina, then
Damascus, then Turkey but for centuries the spiritual center has been
In the Bahá'í World Faith the Shrines will always be the center of the
One evening the Guardian said that President Wilson had taken the
fourteen points out of the Bahá'í writings, with which he established
the League of Nations; that President Roosevelt had done much for the
world in getting foreign ministers together at the zero hour to establish
the U.N. and then he said that President Truman was weak and not an
efficient diplomat. England was too smart for him; they outwitted him.
Today I feel very, very sorry for the President of the U.S., President
Eisenhower. He is very sincere, but he is caught in a political web.
Ruhiyyih Khanum spoke to the Guardian about publishing my book,
"The New Keys to the Book of Revelations." She said, "Get it finished,
documented, and polished as soon as you can, but there is no money
now to publish it. There are other important books that are being held
back because of the need of pioneers, and because of lack of funds. That
it will be a very valuable book to the Christian world as well as to the
Bahá'í world, the Jewish and Moslem worlds. Make it the best you can
and finish it as soon as you can. This is very important.
"The whole foundation of the Administrative Order rests upon the
proper functioning of the L.S.A.'s and the Guardian said "Let the old
people go to close-by villages, and the young people go pioneering in
"The Bahá'ís of Asia and America need shock treatment. American
Bahá'ís need a shock, and it will have a shock. The American Bahá'ís
must be different. They must act as though they were distinguished,
above the people of other types and means."
Then he described the processes in teaching the Faith. "First, there is
attraction; then there is interest, then there is conversion, then
confirmation, and after that, consecration. "Many become converted
but they do not become confirmed. The confirmation comes when the
spirit is set on fire to arise to to serve God. The consecration may be
after conversion, but more especially after confirmation."
Why do people have to suffer so much? "Because suffering cleanses
and purifies. Suffering is the interior decoration of the heart. The
greater the distinction, the greater the attraction. To gain detachment,
one must translate the experiences of life into the lessons of the soul."
The Chrisitian Scientists are blind and they are not pure. They think
they are pure, and that they are an example to the world, and that they
have a plan.
The Bahá'ís use God's plan. They have no ulterior motives. They do
not expect anything from other people. We do not work for reward in
kind. We do not expect money for our institutions
The American Bahá'ís do not have enough detachment. They need
shock treatment. They
are in great danger. They will be trapped when they want to get out of
The Americans have made many enemies with other countries
because of their thoughtlessness, their aggressiveness, and their bad
manners. They are purehearted, but immature.
The Negroes have accepted the Americans because their hearts are
pure, childlike, and sensitive.; that is, I am referring to the Africans.
Because we are purehearted we can get over the jump. The Africans,
also, are purehearted; they are sensitive, suspicious and distrustful. The
luxuries will disappear in America. America is a clean country, but
Israel is very dirty. Israel must be made clean, but America must have
fewer luxuries. The Africans have pure souls and they are not full of
nationalism as are most countries.
It is impossible to describe the Guardian in words any more than one
can describe the molten rose-gold of the sunset by saying that it set. The
Guardian is like a symphony, so full of music, power and rhythm. He
is unique to this planet. It is a spiritual language above description
which he seems to eminate. When you speak with him you begin to
understand. He is like heavenly music speaking in the language of the
spirit. He is not tall, but he seems to grow taller the longer you are with
him. His hair is dark and greying at the sides. He has dark eyes that
seem to become darker and burn with an inner fire. He has strong, fine
regular features and is smooth-shaven, with a small dark mustache. He
is sturdy and full of energy. Most expressive are his hands, and we were
told they were much like Bahá'u'lláh's.
His gestures are very graceful and exceedingly expressive. He wore a
rust-coloured top coat with a matching tie, usually — though
sometimes he wore a black coat with a black tie. He wears a slender
gold Bahá'í ring on the second finger of his right hand, and he wears a
fez with a black button in the center of the top.
Almost every evening he brought a cable, or a drawing, or some kind
of a document which he laid on the tablecloth and explained. The
dinner talks are long, and the table usually seats ten people. The
incoming pilgrim is seated at the head of the table the first night, and
the second night directly across from the Guardian. Madame Khanum
Ruhiyyih sits at his right and the other pilgrims are sitting around him
at the table. Thus, the pilgrim is only three feet from him and yet at
times it seems a world away.
The process of the Faith makes him very happy, and we reflect that
happiness in our faces and hearts. The reverse makes him go into the
valley of Gehenna, and we also. When word comes that we have
opened up some new territory or country, and now we have 225
opened to the Faith, you can imagine how rejoiced is the Guardian.
He never says, I or Me, he always says we, or the Friends do or say such
and such. No one speaks English as does our Guardian. Each word is a
jewel of perfection. He spoke frequently of the Shrine of the the Bab as
the Queen of Mt. Carmel, seated upon her white throne with her
garments of white trimmed with ermine, and her crown of shining
We all listen to his vibrant words with rapt attention mixed with awe
at his vast knowledge and wisdom and with a growing conscioiusness
of the meaning of the authenticated words of 'Abdu'l-Bahá — "He is the
sign of God upon the earth! Hear ye him!"
The Guardian's works, each one, is like a miracle! For example, when
the Israeli court awared the house in Bahji which had been occupied by
the Covenant Breakers, to the Bahá'ís, that very same day that the
decree was awarded, the Guardian had the house demolished and
every portion of it carried away and within four and a half days had
created a formal garden twelve and a half meters wide and eighty
meters long! In the process of making the garden he had a row of large
trees uprooted by bulldozers, raised the garden one meter, built roads,
paths, planted flowers and shrubbery according to a beautiful design.
All this monumental work was accomplished in four and a half days!
The power and capacity of our beloved Guardian! "He is the sign of
God upon the earth!"
AFTERGLOW OF HAIFA
"An epoch in its sublimity, its fecundity and duration by any previous
Dispensation, and characterized, except for a short interval of three
years, by half a century of continuous and progressive Revelation,
had terminated. The Message proclaimed by the Bab had yielded its
golden fruit. The most momentous, though not the most spectacular
phase of the Heroic Age had ended. The Sun of Truth, the world's
greatest Luminary, and had risen in the Seya-Chal of Tihran, had
broken through the clouds which enveloped it in Baghdad, had
suffered a momentary eclipse whilst mounting to its zenith in
Adrianople, and had set finally in Akka, never to reappear ere the
lapse of a full millenium. God's newborn Faith, the cynosure of all
past Dispensations, had been fully and unreservedly proclaimed."
G.P.B. - 223
Our Guardian clearly, fully, and unreservedly elucidated to the eager
pilgrims this excerpt from God Passes By.
It is like pulling the heart out by the roots for most of the pilgrims
to leave Haifa, the Guardian and his spiritual family, and the blessed
Shrines. He usually gives the departing pilgrim loving and helpful
suggestions and instructions that not only prove most helpful, but
again proves the great, loving understanding, and great wisdom of
To this departing pilgrim on that memorable evening he said, "I hope
you will help the friends wherever you go to understand these
important points: 1- To persevere even in the midst of difficulties;
2- To sacrifice with joy and gratitude; 3- For the pioneers to
remain at their posts, and great will be their blessings; 4- Make
every effort to establish an Assembly; 5- To love the people with a
warm, encircling love; 6- To keep active; 7- Exceedingly important
is to live the life; and 8- To Teach, teach, teach! adhered to, will
bring success and blessing to one's life." One of the last statements
made by the Guardian, "Tell the friends I am expecting great things
of them in the Glorious Crusade."
The parting words of dear Ruhiyyih Khanum that last evening were : "
'Abdu'l-Bahá said, 'There are usually two pilgrim's visits: The first
is for blessings and encouragement to go forth in God's vineyard; the
second, you come with banners flying like soldiers in gladness and
triumph to receive your reward. The pilgrimage is given that you
may take in and then give out, to receive and then impart, to absorb
and then bestow. Without these there has been no pilgrimage. It
will dissolve into nothing. The Holy Land is the heart of the Faith.
The heart purifies the blood stream with enriched life. The pilgrim
comes laden with the impurities of the world to the heart. Here he
becomes refreshed and purified to carry the life-bestowing Word of
God to the world. May you be richly blessed and assisted in sharing
the life-giving stream."
At the last moment of departure, one learns the supreme lesson that
nothing really matters but your complete consecration to Bahá'u'lláh.
From this moment on, all else seems secondary. From now on all
your talents and efforts seem valueless unless devoted to His
service. If you do not rise in consecrated service, Bahá'u'lláh will
raise others who, however humble, untrained, or unlearned, have this
greatest virtue of dedication. They will do what you, with all your
gifts, have failed to do. These soul-stirring words ring in your
heart. "The hour has struck'. Beware lest by turning back He may
change you for another people who shall not be your like, and who
shall take from you the Kingdom of God.
It was a loving but sad farewell as one left this Heaven of Heavens
and Bahá'í World Center, the Kiblaat of the World! As our plane
circled over Haifa, the golden dome of the Shrine of the Bab, the
Queen of Mt. Carmel, shimmered in the glorious sunshine and seemed
to reflect the light in the golden heart of our Guardian. Yes, that
golden dome seems a harbinger of the Golden Age just ahead!
[The following pages 31-52 are a diary of Moffett's journeys after
her pilgrimage from June 2 , 1954 until her return home to Chicago,
September 17, 1954]
THE ISLAND OF CYPRUS June 2, 1954
It was a beautiful trip across the deep, lovely Mediterranean Sea
with the lighter blue of the sky overhead. The Holy Land with all of
its precious treasures faded from view, but its spiritual treasures
were stored eternally in the heart. As we flew over the great island
of Cyprus, we could see it was a flat desert land. There was famous
Mt. Olympus, 6,500 feet high, the home of the mythical gods and
godesses who, it is claimed, were the heroes of Atlantis. We landed
in Nicosia, the capitol of Cyprus, this historical old city, and spent a
few hours there, but felt the need of hurrying on to —
THE ISLAND OF RHODES June 3, 1954
We passed over what seemed a series of barren islands, of
submerged mountains, and arrived at the beautiful airport of the
Island of Rhodes. Here we saw the place where one of the seven
ancient wonders of the world stood — Colossus of Rhodes, with one
foot on the mainland and the other on the island which forms the
harbour. Here we met Romona Brown from California, and Elizabeth
Bevan, a pioneer to the Island of Rhodes, who had become very
discouraged because, after six months, she had been unable to obtain
a work permit. Ruth was able to assist them and to leave some of
the last words of the Guardian to "encourage the pioneers to remain
at their posts."
ATHENS & KIFISSIA, GREECE * June 4, to June 7,
Elizabeth Bevan, Romona Brown and Ruth Moffett went to Athens to
try to help Elizabeth to obtain a work permit for the Island of
Rhodes. We lived in the beautiful resort hotel in Kifissia and went
daily to Athens. We saw many of the ancient monuments, with an
excellent guide....the Parthenon; the Temple of Athens, ancient
Grecian theater, the Museum of Athens, the Acropolis, the Temple of
Baccus, the prison of Socrates, where Paul spoke to the Athenians on
Mars Hill in 54 A.D., and where the Chairman of the Court, Dionecius
became the first Christian in Athens. Sandwiched in between all the
interesting historical sights were the eager questions as to the
messages from the Guardian, the observance of the Feast of Nur —
Light, with Dwight and Carol Allen, pioneers, long talks on how to
spread the great, glad Message of Bahá'u'lláh.
ROME June 7 to June 12, 1954
In Rome, the Eternal City, Ruth was a guest of Dr. Ugo Giachery, Hand
of the Cause, and his wife, Angeline. This was a blessed experience.
Each day there were teas and firesides, and a large public meeting
with very warm response, particularly to the messages from the
Guardian. Some of the friends guided us through St. Peter's, the
Vatican, the castle of St. Angelo, the Colliseum, the palace of Nero,
the Roman Forum, the graves of Keates and Shelley and the huge
building of Ministry of Propaganda for the Catholic world. It was a
great privilege to again see Pope Pius X as he lay in state in his
gorgeous robes, golden slippers, gloves and golden mask; the most
saintly and beloved of all the popes, who was beautified in 1950. It
was Ruth's privilege to have had an interview in his private audience
chamber in 1927, along with four cardinals, and had some
remarkable experiences. She also received the blessing of the
present Pope Pius XII. Dr. Giachery and Angeline were most
hospitable and helpful in making all these things possible, and great
blessing comes from their sincere spirit and the rich experiences
with the friends in Rome, who said they could feel the spirit of the
Shrines, brought by Ruth.
THE ISLANDS OF ELBA June 12, 1954
We reluctantly left the dear friends and the fascinating city of Rome
at 10 am via Swiss Air Lines, flying over the many off-shore islands
straight for the mountainous, unwooded Island of Elba, the largest of
the Tyrrhenian archipelago. It is 18 miles long and 3.7 miles broad
and has an area of 86 square miles. It is part of a sunken mountain
range extending from the Italian mainland to Corsica and
the highest point of the Island is Mt. Capanne, 3,350 feet high. The
climate is mild and the soil fertile and rich in mineral deposits.
From ancient times, Elba has been famous for her iron and tin mines.
Historically, it is noted as the residence of Napoleon after his first
abdication., from May 14, 1814 to February 26, 1815, just before the
birth of Bahá'u'lláh. During that time Napoleon was the Emperior of
the Island, and after his departure it was restored to Tuscony and
became a part of Italy in 1860. The total population is only about
32,000, made up mostly of mining and fishing villages.
It was near this historic, treeless island where our beloved Dorothy
Baker, Hand of the Cause of God, and International Bahá'í teacher,
when returning from New Delhi Conference was blown to bits in the
fateful jet plane which exploded over Elba, shocking the entire
world. The plane was piloted by the president of the company,
himself, which was the cause of our plane dipping low in his honour
as we flew over this destiny-laden spot. To the mind of this
pilgrim, Ruth, it was in honour of this one of the Hands of the Cause
of God, our beloved friend and co-worker, who had the key to our
home for 25 years, and who left a trail of inspiration wherever she
went — Dorothy Beecher Baker, that we dipped in tribute.
Her beautiful spirit ascended at the height of her lustre to serve in
greater realms of glory in the Kingdom of Abha. Many prayers were
offered in her behalf as we approached the Island of Elba and dipped
low in her honour and then rose high to scale the towering Alps.
Many of the words spoken just a few weeks before, to Ruth, in loving
Counsel, were so clear and vivid it seemed that our Dorothy was
actually standing beside her in the plane, radiant and beautiful. In
the midst of such deep prayer for her, you can imagine the startling
effect when the stewardess spoke, offering tea. That experience
will never be forgotten, not will the experience of flying over the
highest peaks of the snow-capped Alps and over Mt. Blanc, standing
agelessly in her majestic splendour.
GENEVA, SWITZERLAND — June 12, 1954
Beside beautiful Lake Geneva, poetically called Lac Leman, on the
two-way River Rhone in the far-stretching green valley between
snow-capped mountain ranges, lies the historic, old city of Geneva,
noted for her eleventh century Romanesque cathedral of St. Peter,
the great University of Geneva, and where the writer took a course
of study on her previous trip to Europe. Geneva was the home of
Calvin, who in 1535 helped to establish the "Reformed Religion", as
it was called. It was the home of the League of Nations, established
by President Woodrow Wilson in 1920. The same year witnessed the
founding of the International Labor Office, the International School
of Studies under Dr. Zimmerman. While a Special Delegate to the
League of Nations, Ruth had the privelege of attending the sessions
in all of these and other International Institutions, and learned much
in apprizing values and relationships. She was glad to be in this key
city again during the Prickly International Conference, which was in
session, and to which our Guardian had referred as unable to achieve
There was a warm welcome by the Bahá'í friends who gathered in the
appartment of Honor Kempton, eager to hear every word from our
beloved Guardian. Sunday was spent with the Ashraf family and
their remarkable children, 5th. generation Bahá'ís. The oldest child,
13, was with 'Abdu'l-Bahá. Sunday night, 17 were again in Honor
Kempton's apartment, begging this pilgrim to remain longer saying
that she had brought so much from Haifa, for which they were so
hungry. After the lectures we discussed ways of making contacts,
and what the Guardian said about the difference between confersion
and confirmation of souls. After a fond fare-thee-well we took the
Swiss Air Line to Zurich.
ZURICH, GERMANY June, 14, 1954
Anna Kunz, Secretary of the National Spiritual Assembly of Italy and
Switzerland, a long time friend from Urbana, Illinois met Ruth,
taking her to her cosy little appartment,
then to the Swiss Technological Institute where her husband had
been a professor. Zurich is the largest and the most important city,
commercially, in Switzerland, situated at the northern end of
beautiful cresent-shaped Lake Zurich, surrounded by rolling hills and
charming scenery, and filled with many things of interest; but it
has not the same kind of historical interest as Geneva. There was a
tea, and a luncheon, a dinner before the lecture, and a lovely spirit
among the friends. Ruth spoke on "Highlights of Haifa". Anna Kunz is
doing a splendid job and sends her love to "everybody back home".
Customs officers again at the airport .... but after reading the letter
from the International Bahá'í counsel and breathing a Bahá'í prayer,
as usual the customs officers never even opened her luggage.
STUTTGART, GERMANY June 15, 1954
The Guardian had said, "I hope that you can go to Germany and to
Vienna. The German people have suffered much and need what you
have to give them." Here Ruth was in Germany wondering what the
Guardian has meant and what she should do. Fouruhid, the young
Persian pianist met Ruth at the airport and took her to Dr. Adelbert
and Erna Mulschlegal's for tea. Many came just to greet her — a
pilgrim from Haifa, eager for every word from the Guardian. It
seemed that they had so much more appreciation of what it means to
go to Haifa, and also of the Revelation itself than they do in the
States, broadly speaking. The Guardian said that this is one of the
signs of maturity.
Stuttgart, the capitol of Wurttemburg is a beautiful old city dating
back to 1229, a cultural center of science and literature and filled
with parks, rolling hills, and great stone mansions, many of which
were destroyed during the devastating and tragic bombings during
both the first and second World Wars that have left their ghastly
scars. Dr. Mulschlegal and his wife Erna were bombed out twice,
losing everything they had. They started over again with prayers and
faith and have become shining examples to all who know them. The
Guardian appointed him a Hand of the Cause of God. He is both a
physician and a historian. The friends have all gone through so much,
they are devoted and confirmed., and cherish every treasured word of
'Abdu'l-Bahá's two visits to them in 1912. A bust of 'Abdu'l-Bahá
was in the public park until the first World War. There was a
marvellous spirit during Ruth's lecture of "Messages from our
Guardian" that evening in the Muschlegal home, and an earnest
discussion followed, with questions and great appreciation of every
word until long after midnight.
KARLSRUHE, GERMANY June 15, 1954
Early this morning Ruth took the train from Stuttgart to Karlsruhe a
three hour trip through fine farm land and waving fields of corn and
grain. Daldtraut Weber met Ruth at the station in
Karlsruhe. As usual Bahá'ís recognized each other at once, although
they have never seen each other before. She took Ruth to their home
in Garden City where every family has a home, a shed, and a garden
bursting into bloom. There is a community house for all to use.
August Weber is the head librarian of the Public Library in
Karlsruhe, and very well read. In their home the Bahá'í friends came
to meet the returning pilgrim, eager to hear the "Messages from Our
Guardian". It is wonderful to see the eagerness of the German
friends and the signs of their maturity and the purity and simplicity
of their lives as they live close to their gardens, to Nature, to each
other and to God.
ETTLINGEN AND THE BLACK FORREST June 16,
We rose early to take a train from Karlsruhe to Ettlingen at the
border of the Black Forrest for an all day picnic and the opportunity
to meet many of the friends of that part of Germany who had not had
a public lecturer for a long time and perhaps had never heard one
from the States. It was a long dusty walk from Ettlingen station to
the border of the Black Forrest, which is 1900 square miles of
mountainous pine forests, with heights from 4000 to 5000 feet. It
has many lakes, rivers, mineral springs and some farms. There are
many legends about the Black Forest and its people. It was a rich
experience for Ruth to meet these sincere people and to speak to
them messages of encouragement and hope, and
and of the love of our Guardian and members of the International
Ruhaniyyih Ruth spoke to those dear responsive people in a lovely
peaceful clearing in the Black Forest on "God Speaks again to
Mankind", for almost an hour. They kept urging her to speak for
another hour, until she said she simply had to go to catch the train
to Karlsruhe, to catch the train for Stuttgart, where she was to
speak at a big public meeting that evening. Fourty people had been
sitting all this time in a little amphitheater made of bales of hay,
and fifteen children sat so quietly, seeming to be afraid they would
miss a single word. Someone assured Ruhaniyyih that someone
would take her to Karlesruhe if she would only answer a few more
questions. When Ruhaniyyih went out to the forest road, there was
no auto in sight, only a small motorcycle. She asked "How do I get to
Karlsruhe?" "On this," someone said in German. A man to whom she
was not even introduced, put her small grip and her travelling purse
under the seat and said to the translator, "Tell her to hop on, and if I
go too fast she is to press my ribs three times." Imagine Ruth riding
astride on the rear seat of a motor cycle on a bumpy forest road,
which was full of tree roots, which would cause her to shoot
suddenly in the air. But she managed each time to get safely back on
the seat. Picture this American teacher, riding fifteen miles on a
motor cycle; it seemed at ninety miles an hour, in a strange land
with a strange man whose name she did not even know, who was not
a Bahá'í, who could get speak a word of English! They moved in and
out of traffic so rapidly, she could not even appreciate the strange
scenes. She did not even press his ribs three times. Ruhaniyyih was
laughing and really grateful for the ride, as the young man gallantly
seated her in the train in Karlesruhe. The strange sequel to this
strange story Ruhaniyyih did not learn until two months later.
The man's wife is a Bahá'í, but he had been violently opposed to the
Faith. He had taken her to the picnic only because she wanted so
much to meet the American teacher who had been so see the
Guardian in Haifa. It is reported that he said later, "If an American
teacher could hold me spellbound sitting on a bale of hay for two
hours, and after all the beautiful things she had said, would ride on a
motorcycle with me, the way I rode, and be so happy about it, there
must be something to this Bahá'í after all." "He is studying!!!
Bahá'u'lláh sometimes has strange ways of removing veils! It was a
three hour ride back from Karlesruhe.
STUTTGART, GERMANY June 16, 1954
Ruhaniyyih had dinner with the Schmidt family who had been bombed
out twice, Dr. Schmidt is on the National Spiritual Assembly of
Germany, and very capable. Ruth spoke that evening in a big hall to
nearly one hundred people on "Religion in the Center of Motion in the
World". They listened with rapt attention. Some said, "You are like
Martha Root. You have brought the real spirit of Haifa." "Such an
unusual combination of knowledge and spirit." "Can't you come to
Germany to live?" "We need you for the effective way you present
our glorious Message." Ruth spent the rest of her time in Stuttgart
with Dr. and Mrs. Muschlegal, who are far richer in spirit because of
their terrible bombing experiences during the wars. Both are so
intelligent, warm hearted and mature, and doing so much to build up
the Spirit of 'Abdu'l-Bahá in Stuttgart and all Germany as well. Frau
Schwartz, eightyeight year old "Mother of Germany", who was with
'Abdu'l-Bahá in 1912, had a little tea party for Ruth, with many
wonderful stories of the Master. The Fouruhid, the lovely Persian
musician took her to the train for Munchen.
MUNCHEN, GERMANY June 16, 1954
Charlotte Walcker, a radiant Bahá'í, born with an imperfect hip,
entertained Ruhaniyyih Ruth in her humble home, like a queen. It was
a privilege just to be with her. She too had been bombed out and
lives in an area where some of the ghastly ruins of the war still
stand. Munchen is the capitol of the freestate of Bavaria, and
founded by the Duke of Saxony in 962 on an estate previously
occupied by monks, hence its name. This city of about 800,000
abounds in schools, educational institutions, and manufacturers. The
noted University of Munched was founded by King Louis in 1828.
Charlorre took Ruhaniyyih for luncheon to .....
GAUTING, GERMANY JUNE 19, 1954
Where they were the guests of Annelisse Bopp, a Bahá'í who is
Administrative Director of the first any only U.N.E.S.C.O. Youth
Institute in the world. The buildings are beautiful and those present
were so fired with the spirit of our Guardian that they decided right
then to start a new fireside in Gauting.
A group of nine eager souls came to Charlotte Whalcher's tiny
apartment that evening asking questions until long after midnight.
They returned the next day for an all day session. Among these was
a man, Werner Hasting Ausburg who has a radiant and sincere spirit
who had suffered much. He was a monk in a monastary in Bulgaria
with all that means. He left and wrote some articles against the
practices in monasteries, for which he was terribly persecuted.
Five operations resulted. He had studied almost everything, and had
found the only authentic and satisfactory answers in the Bahá'í
Revelation. Ruhaniyyih considered it a great privilege to clear up
some of the last questions that had troubled him. An ardent group of
fifteen crowded onto Charlotte's tiny apartment that evening for our
last hours together. Included were Mr. Weber from Karlesruhe and
Miss Annelisse from Gauting. Not many American teachers have
lectured in Germany since Ruhiyyih Khanum, and her mother May
Maxwell and Ruhauguis Bolles were there in 1937. These were
remembered with much loving appreciation.
VIENNA, AUSTRIA June 21 — 23, 1954
At 17:40 o'clock, Ruhaniyyih left Munchen by plane, flying over the
beautiful country of Germany where every farm looked a carefully
planted garden; where every forest is most anxiously protected, and
arrived in the beautiful city of Vienna at 7:00 p.m. To her great
surprise she was met at the airport by Vahilollah Vargha, Hand of
the Cause, and his wife, daughter, and seven of the Bahá'ís who had a
welcoming dinner for her. Almost every hour of those few days was
filled with lectures, dinners, luncheons, teas, conferences with
those dear people. Vienna she found a most beautiful city, full of
ancient as well as modern charm. Many magnificent marble palaces,
broad avenues and gorgeous rose gardens everywhere. Here the
immense gothic cathedral of St. Stephen, and the palatial library of
one million volumes; the magnificent University of Vienna, dating
back to 1365, one of the oldest and most famous universities in the
world. There is the impressive green and misty mountains in the
close background. Although Ruhaniyyih had been in many countries of
the world, she had seldom seen one with so much beauty, history,
charm and magnificence. Matilde Maroschits, the young girl and her
mother to whom Ruhaniyyih had given her seat in the packed bus
through the mountains, from the airport, entertained Ruhaniyyih for
lunch and tea. They became interested in the glad Message.
The Hand of the Cause, Vahilollah Vargha, arranged for Ruhaniyyih to
spend as much time as possible with them where she learned the
most thrilling story of her life. He was a secret agent for the Shah
of Persia, and kept him informed of the message of guidance from
'Abdu'l-Bahá. As long as the Shah obeyed these inspired directives
he prospered. But when in a crisis he followed his own stubborn
will, he failed miserably, suffered much and died broken hearted.
Vahilillah Vargha was in constant danger, but his courage and
wisdom and faith in the protection of 'Abdu'l-Bahá preserved him.
He accomplished so many almost impossible things for Bahá'u'lláh, it
is no wonder that he was chosen as Hand of the Cause of God.
Two of the most thrilling experiecnes in Vienna were the two times
Ruth lectured behind the fringe of the Iron Curtain in the Soviet
Controlled Zone, in the homes of two Persian families living in that
sector, Ruhaniyyih was not permitted to speak English on the street,
but only inside the black curtained homes. All street and hall lights
are out at 10:00 p.m., and the only transportation at night is on foot
with a tiny shrouded flashlight. Though everything was dark outside,
there was a radiant light in the hearts of the twenty lovely souls
united in the spirit of the Blessed Beauty. Dear Mr. Poillenger acted
as translator. Manucher Khan took Ruhaniyyih to the six hundred year
old museum, where she has seldom seen such magnificence. Fourty-
five people could stand inside the huge chandelier in the palatial
Assembly Hall. It costs $15,000 just to turn the lights on for one
evening. They are turned on only for special occasions, to one of
which Ruhaniyyih was invited, but
went instead to a Feast with the Friends, in the home of Madhi
Vargha in the Soviet Zone. There was an unusually beautiful spirit.
She visited Schonbrunn Castle where Emperor Franz Joseph was
born, lived and died. Here one can see all the pomp and royal life
they led. As Ruth went through the rooms, looking at the exquisite
furniture, pictures, hangings etc, she could not help thinking of the
tragedy of his life, especially what Emperor Franz Joseph missed
when Bahá'u'lláh admonished him for not visiting Him, when he was
in the Holy Land, and knew of His Great Mission. "God Passed By"
when the Emperor "Passed Him By".
FRAKNFORT, GERMANY June 24 - 25,
Johanna von Warthorn, a member of the N.S.A. of Germany, met
Ruhaniyyih at the airport, entertained her in their home, then took
Ruth to the new Bahá'í Center for public speaking. Ruth's talk there
was "The New Way of Life for World Civilization", which they said
brought the spirit of Haifa to them as did Ruhiyyih Khanum, and
Martha Root years ago. The Bahá'í center at Frankfort had been
bombed out and the friends there lost everything. They ought the
ruins, cleaned it up, built a four-story building, most of which they
rent out, and have it all paid for today. One cannot help but admire
the courage, faith and vision of these dear German people. On June
25, Ruhaniyyih spoke again at the Bahá'í Center and was rejoiced to
see the eager, responsive, mature spirit of the German Bahá'ís and
their appreciation of the station of the Guardianship, which she
wished was more apparent everywhere. Ben Levy, way over in
Dormandorft, learned that Ruth Moffett was in Frankfort, jumped on
a train and came for a few lovely hours, and arranged to meet later
Frankfort-am-Main is a historical city dating back to 724 when
Charlemagne convoked the Council of Frankfort. It was the first free
city of the German Empire, and became one of the first Protestant
cities, the Ancestral home of the Rothschilds with their magnificent
palaces, the home of the inspired Goethe, the city in which most of
the German Emperors were elected, and today a city of about
500,000, and which has become not only the railroad and commercial
center of Germany, but home of some of the strongest moneyed
institutions of the world. One could feel the Godlessness in the very
atmosphere, and the need of the way of Life for the New Day that
Bahá'u'lláh has given to the world.
HEIDLEBERG, GERMANY June 26, 1954
Johanna took Ruhaniyyih early the next morning to Heidleberg, where
they met Dr. Albert Mulschlegel, Hand of the Cause of God, an
eminent Historian, Physician and Writer. He has written a large
volume on the history of Europe and is a recognized authority, speaks
five languages, including Russian. Though they were bombed out
twice during the war, they have come back bigger than ever, and
more noble. Erna, his wife, save the life and legs of a Persian girl
student by having a large piece of skin from her stomach grafted on
the leg of the girl, without being detached from her own body for
three months! She had to lie almost motionless days and nights to
save the life of the girl, who was not a Bahá'í. Although this
delicate operation almost took the lives of both girls, you seldom
can see more radiant Bahá'ís. The other girl became a Bahá'í while
attached together! Other members of the N.S.A. of Germany met
Ruhaniyyih and Johanna in Heidleberg and went on together up in the
mountains, to the quaint little city of Neckargemund, to the home of
Dr. Hermann Grossman, Hand of the Cause, and his wife, Anna There
home is perched high in a garden on a shelf on the side of a beautiful
NECKARGEMUND, GERMANY June 27, 1954
It was such a privilege to be a guest of Dr. and Anna Grossman in
their lovely home on the side of the mountain, and during the
sessions of the N.S.A. of Germany, having most of their meals with
them and spending the day with Dr. Hermann Grossman, Hand of the
Cause! He has remarkable files and library, and loves his beautiful
garden. He has done so much for the Guardian, it is no wonder that
he is a Hand of the Cause. His wife Anna is secretary of the N.S.A. of
Germany and is a wonder in all that she accomplishes each day in the
midst of so many frustrations. During the coffee break from 4 to 6,
the N.S.A. had Ruhaniyyih speak to them on the "Messages from the
Guardian". There was unusual and eager
appreciative attention to every word.
HEIDLEBERG, GERMANY, June 28, 1954
Ruhaniyyih was a guest in the home of Frau Carla Maco and daughter,
and spoke almost continuously from 10 a.m. to 10:30 p.m. to groups
as they came and went, including a public meeting at 2 p.m. and again
at 7:30 p.m. Udo Schaefer was a good translator. Such tragic stories
of war are told everywhere! That beautiful soul, Carla Macco was
placed in prison for four months, and was saved by her son, from the
concentration camp. But he was later killed in action. The Bahá'í
Friends are so alive, and the rest of the German people, although fine
people, seem not to have awakened spiritually as a result of their
awful experiences. It was interesting to see the famous Heidleberg
University, castle, gardens, city ---- one of the few places not
NECKARGEMUND, GERMANY June 28, 1954
Fritz Krause took Ruhaniyyih back to Neckargemund for the farewell
to the members of the N.S.A. and for lunch again with the
Grossmanns. It is wonderful these dear people accomplish so much,
amid so many difficulties, and with such a radiant spirit!
FRANKFORT AND BONN, GERMANY June 29,
Johanna and Ruhaniyyih rose at dawn, walked down the mountain to
catch the bus for Heidleberg, and the train for Frankfort and arrived
just in time to catch the train for Bonn where Doris Loshe met
Ruhaniyyih with a warm welcome. She had arranged a dinner and a
public meeting in a the large Community House where Ruhaniyyih
spoke on the "New Way of Life for World Civilization". Dear Doris
translated. Some non-Bahá'í men said, "We have never heard such a
clear and intelligent presentation of such basic ideas." All Germany
should have heard this lecture tonight. This is just what Germany
needs!" All where so happy to have Shozo Kadota from Japan
surprise us! He heard that Ruhaniyyih, whom he had met in the
Louhelen Summer School, was in Bonn and arrived to meet her again
and ask her more questions on the essential verities.
Bonn is a very old city, the birthplace of Beethoven, in 1770. The
noted University of Bonn ranks next to the University of Berlin and
was established in 1777. This old city was one of the first Roman
fortresses on the Rhine and was repeatedly beseiged in the Catholic
and Protestant conflicts. the imposing Munster Cathedral
overshadowing the city adds to the picturesqueness, with its fine
Romanesque Architecture. This fine old city was badly bombed and
does not seem to be rebuilding as is Stuttgart and Frankfort.
BONN, GERMANY June 30, 1954
There was a total eclipse of the sun as Shozo Kadota, Doris Loshe
and Ruhaniyyih had dinner together, and a long talk later on the train
DUSSELDORF, GERMANY, June 30, 1954
There was no one to meet her and she had no address except the
name of a Persian University student, that she had been asked to
find, Hassan Afnan, a Bahá'í. A stranger took her and her baggage to
the British Military Police. After hours of effort and walking miles,
she finally located him and his bride at the edge of the city. She
was exhausted after walking so far over gravel roads. She was told
that Ursula Muelschlegel had phoned long distance of the arrival of
Ruhaniyyih and of the importance of getting those interested to hear
her.... a meeting was arranged in the home of Hans Green, the only
home open in this city, where a fine group of eager young people
gathered. They said they were not only inspired and quickened by the
Spirit of Haifa, but that it would have been a loss if Ruhaniyyih had
not persevered in her efforts to find them, and given them the
message from the Guardian. So few other teachers have ever come
COLOGNE, GERMANY July 1, 1954
No one seemed to have the addresses of any of the Persian Bahá'í
students in Cologne. There was no one to meet her or to whom she
could turn for advice. She rented a room in the home of Mr. & Mrs.
Blum, Jews. In her broken German she showed them pictures of
Israel and the Shrines, and gave them the glad Message for which
they were most appreciative. She went alone to see the beautiful
gothic Cologne Cathedral, which she had seen on a previous trip. It
is 433 feet long, 200 feet wide, with two spires 512 feet high,
begun in 1245. The great bell in the south tower is cast from
conquered Cannon and is one of the largest bells in the world. The
cathedral contains the reputed bones of the three Magi, and is one of
the objects of many pilgrimages. The many churches, the narrow,
crooked streets, the massive buildings make a fascinating
atmosphere for this old city. Ruhaniyyih, when she went to the
Royal Sabina office, found that her plane ticket could not get her to
Brussels in time for the lecture she was scheduled to give the next
night. The head official said he would arrange for her to get there on
time, and that she was to be at a certain address in the center of
town by 10:30 that a.m. She found it was a Heliport!! there was a
loud buzzing noise over-head and a helicopter came right down in
front of her. She quickly popped in, strapped to her seat; the only
passenger. Just then a man came running, waving his grip. He too
was popped in and off they went, straight up! Ruhaniyyih smiled at
the man, and shouted above the roar of the motors, "Do you speak
English?" He said "Yes, and thank goodness you do too! Is this your
first experience in these contraptions?" What a thrilling experience
to fly straight up, down, forward or backwards at the will the
pilot! The Royal Sabina Air Lines are the only International
Helicopter service thus far and it is very fine.
The helicopter travels about 110 to 125 miles per hour and 800 to
1000 feet high although some have risen to 2289 feet and at speeds
of 150 miles per hour. They can rise 1000 feet per minute and from
the center of the city. So it seems that this will soon be the handy
bus service of the air. What a thrilling experience to fly through a
rainbow! The whole world looks like a rose garden!
MAASTRICHT, HOLLAND AND LEIGE, BELGIUM July 1,
the Helicopter flew to these two cities, where Ruhaniyyih by Ben
Levy, the Nye family and the Bahá'í friends. For three lovely days
there were talks and teas, dinners and conferences. Ben Levy came
way from Darmstadt, Germany to be there at this time and
Ruhaniyyih helped in the selection of the garments for his
approaching wedding. Etta Graff came way from Antwerp to obtain
the latest words from the Guardian. The lectures in the Bahá'í
Center were translated by friends into both French and German. They
were received with a beautiful eager spirit, and a Feast was given in
honour of this pilgrim. The Nye family and Ben Levy took Ruhaniyyih
around this beautiful city, one of the finest in Europe. It has
treeshaded boulevards, splendid parks and picturesque squares, and
massive old churches and buildings dating back to the thirteenth and
fourteenth centuries. Brussels is also noted for the Brussels
Confrence which took place on July 27, 1874.
This Conference was called by the Russian Emperor to render more
humane, the rules and usages of war. All the countries of Europe
took part except Britain, and the U.S.A., who did not send
representatives. Although the conference did not accomplish all for
which it was called, it marked an important advance in the
international law, for which the Belgium people are proud. It was a
great joy for Ruhaniyyih to meet and know the beautiful spirit of
these warm-hearted people of Belgium.
LONDON, ENGLAND July 4 and 5, 1954
It was a lovely flight via Sabena from Brussels to London, early this
morning, over the picturesque villages and hamlets with a cathedral
spire in a little white steeple, in the center of each, pointing
heavenward. The smokey towns around London indicated to me that
the plane was approaching the world's largest city. Arriving at 1:30
simultaneously with planes from all around the globe, again proving
the shrinking world. Mr. Anchoury Nazar and their son George met
Ruhaniyyih at the airport. It was a long, interesting drive to their
home in Mill Hill where she was the guest of all this family and
where many friends gathered to receive the latest messages from
the Guardian. It was a blessed privilege for Ruth to be a guest in
this home of six lovely souls, for they had been home only one week
after making the complete Pilgrimage to all the Holy Places, not
only in the Holy Land, but in Iran, Iraq, Turkey and Adrianople. They
were radiant with spirit and over-flowing with their marvellous
experiences and wonderful stories of the Master, 'Abdu'l-Bahá. The
many who came for the teas, lunches, etc., were eager to meet the
American teacher with the latest message, not wanting to miss one
word from the Guardian. The beaming Nazar family arranged for Ruth
to make their home her headquarters while in the British Isles, for
which she was most grateful. They took her about over this
fascinating city covering an area of almost seven hundred square
miles, with a population of about nine million people. Would that
they all had the Light of the New Day! Such a mental, physical, moral
and spiritual fog seems to hang over this great city, dimming the
light of the spirit.
Gregarious old London is, however a most fascinating city with its
background of history, royalty, music, art, philosophy, science,
human welfare in their various steps of progress.
Some of the structures that we saw created atmosphere in this
captivating old city are the venerable Westminster Abbey and the
awsome old Tower of London, also the Parliament building, the
largest Gothic building in the world. It covers eight acres, contains
one thousand rooms and two miles of corridors! There is the dome of
St. Pauls Cathedral, massive Buckingham and St. James Palaces, the
Albert Memorial, Cleopatra's Needle, the British Museum with its
more than four million books and priceless treasures, Kew Gardens
and the bell tower from which Big Ben solemnly tolls out the passing
Never can Ruth forget the warmth of the Persian friends and their
eagerness to learn every word from the Guardian, and of her
experiences. During the firesides in London, arrangements were
made for her to teach in many cities in the British Isles, as many as
possible, as the Guardian had requested.
NORTH HAMPTON, ENGLAND July 6, 1954
Mrs. Gladys Blackwell, Chairman of the National Teaching Committee
of Southern England, arranged the first booking, way down in
Southern England in the home of John Shortland, in North Hampton,
the British center of the boot and shoe industry, Population about
ninety five thousand. It was badly bombed during the war, John
Shortland was a most gracious host, and Mrs. Betty Reed, a member
of the National Teaching Committee with their eager questions,
helped to add much to the spiritual feast, as both are aflame for the
Cause of Bahá'u'lláh. John entertained Ruth at his restaurant for
lunch before she left by train for ...
SHEFFIELD, ENGLAND July 7, 1954
In Northern England, Ernest Gregory, chairman of the National
Teaching Committee of Northern England, met Ruth and was host to
her during her visit to this city. He is a member of the National
Spiritual Assembly of the British Isles. He is on the board of the
Sheffield Cutlery Company, which is one of the largest cutlery
companies in the world, dating as far back as Chaucer. In spite of
the short notice and pouring rain, fifteen came to the meeting in
Ernest's home and said repeatedly that they were so thrilled with
the Message that Ruth brought from Haifa, "that no one before had
ever brought them so much knowledge, power and spirit. Inasmuch
as Ernest and his son had to leave early for work and left Ruth alone
to do some needed writing, she cleaned the whole house for them
top to bottom, put fresh flowers everywhere and then took the five
o'clock train for.....
LEEDS, ENGLAND, July 8 and 9, 1954
Dick Blackwell, a member of the National Spiritual Assembly, and
Marcel Mickaeloff, chairman of the Local Spiritual Assembly, met
Ruth, took her to dinner, for a conference and to the Bahá'í Center,
where she spoke on "High Lights of Haifa". She got a warm response.
Afterwards a beautiful service in "Commemoration of the Ascention
of the Bab". It being a Holy Day "Mickey" took off from work to take
a tape recording of Ruth's talks, and to take her about this smokey
industrial city. noted for its leather works and clothing
manufacturing. Ruth stayed in the Great Northern Hotel, which
reminded her of Chicago. On Friday morning she spoke to a young
mothers' meeting in the home of Dick and Vida Backwell, who took
her to the bus for the wool manufacturing city of ......
BRADFORD, ENGLAND July 9 and 10, 1954
Mr. & Mrs. Martius Hall took Ruth to their home for the birthday party
given for their little son and the meeting of their little group which
was so appreciative that Ruth, this American teacher had come to
them to bring them the messages from the Guardian. They said no
other American had made such an effort to come to them. At
midnight the doorbell rang and in walked Mickey with his little wife
Bettie, who had just arrived in Leeds, from Edinburg, where she had
been pioneering. Mickey put her in his car and speeded to Bradford to
see Ruth before she left, early next morning for .......
ECCLES, ENGLAND July 10, 1954
Mrs. Getta Chaplin met Ruth at the bus in Manchester and took her to
their big home in this lovely suburb. She had a few friends in to
meet Ruth in the evening. It was the first time an American teacher
ever had been to fine old residential city. It was a happy occasion,
sharing the spirit of Haifa with these hungry souls. Getta's adopted
son David Mumford, the next day escorted Ruth to Manchester and
BLACKPOOL, ENGLAND July 11, 1954
At 4:00 p.m. they arrived at the home of Alice and Tom Curwen,
sister of Prue George. There was such a warm welcome after many
years of correspondence. Fifteen came, ten of whom were non-
Bahá'ís, who asked questions most of the night and begged Ruth to
remain to help teach in this flourishing sea side resort of 100,000.
There are only four Bahá'ís there.
LIVERPOOL, ENGLAND July 12 and 13,
Alice Curwen took Ruth to see a bit of this great seaport city, one of
the greatest in the world, with its one hundred or more docks and
almost as many dry docks. Ships from all over the world. The 1st
important steam railroad in the world operated between Liverpool
and Manchester in 1830, before the Bab made His declaration. The
largest vehicular tunnel in the world, forty four feet wide and two
miles long is in Liverpool. A hugh Cathedral and many massive
buildings, some of which were badly bombed during the war. Gladys
Prichard met Ruth at the station and took her to her home for supper
and the night. There is a small community of only thirteen, some of
whom were away. After the Feast of Kalimat — Words, Ruth spoke of
the "Spirit of Haifa". They said: "We have never had a meeting like
this before, with so much spirit and knowledge and power from our
Guardian! It is heavenly! Can't you stay and help teach in England?"
they said "It is the coldest summer in years, but our hearts are
warmed." Ruth was happy to help the many who came to her with
their problems, until 5:00 p.m. when she took the train for.....
MANCHESTER, ENGLAND July 13, 1954
Getta Chaplin and Mr. Joseph met Ruth at the train and took her to a
Jewish Kosher dinner and to the Bahá'í Center, where she received a
warm welcome. After the Feast of Kalimat — Words, they invited
Ruth to speak about Haifa and the Guardian. They said that seldom
had they received such clear direction and so much spirit from the
Guardian, and urged her to remain and teach in the British Isles were
teaching is so much needed. Ruth and others who wished to
interview her. The Manchester Daily Express put it in one of the best
articles on the Faith that they had published for a long time, they
said. Manchester, the fourth largest city in the British Isles, is
connected with the Irish Sea by the famous Manchester Ship Canal.
It is a great smokey, busy manufacturing city that was badly bombed
during the war.
ECCLES, ENGLAND July 14, 1954
Getta Chaplin had a luncheon and Fireside for Ruth who helped her to
start a fireside of her own to meet regularly. Then she took Ruth to
speak in the evening in .....
MANCHESTER, ENGLAND July 14, 1954
"The Station of the Guardianship and His Message" was the topic in
the Bahá'í Center. There was an enthusiastic response, for the
English people, who have been called "unresponsive". They said thay
had 'now a greater understanding and appreciation of Guardianship,'
and that they can truly say "Thank God! The world at least has a
ECCLES, ENGLAND July 14, 1954
Getta took Ruth back to her home for a midnight feast, and more
conferences, and questions about the Faith, and prayers together
with the family. Mr. Lee called for her at 7:30 the next morning to
take her to the train for London.
LONDON, ENGLAND July 15 and 16, 1954
It was a beautiful day with a fine train winding through lovely
gardens, woods and fields. Everything made a charming scene in
colourful paintings. Marina Nazar met Ruth at 1:15 in London and
took her to the Nazar home, where a group was awaiting her return.
Then in the evening to the Bahá'í Center in the heart of London,
where she spoke of "From Adam to Atom". Philip Hainsworth just
returned after three years in Kampala, Uganda, and remembered Ruth
when she returned from Haifa on her first trip when she gave the
messages from the Guardian to the N.S.A. of the British Isles.
Kathleen Narnell came from Belfast, Beryl de Gruchy came from
Reading, England, and Dorothy Wecktol from San Francisco. It was a
most happy reunion!
GOLDERS GREEN, ENGLAND July 16, 1954
Ashier and Mariana Nazar took Ruth to meet the friends and their
neighbors and to speak in the Fireside of Mr. & Mrs. Roddie and Debbie
Leedham. Brigetta Hanelblatt came way from the Shetland Isles
where Ruth was planning to go at the request of the Guardian,
although it seemed impossible. "The Mountain came to Muhammed"
Phillip Hainsworth had just bought a new car and said that he would
drive Brigetta, Dorothy Becktol and Ruth to the British summer
School if they could meet him in Whimbottom in South London. He
said "You have something to give that they need very much."
STONEHENGE AND EXETER, ENGLAND July 17,
It was an all day drive past picturesque frams and gardens and huge flowering
hedges and quaint villages. Phillip drove John Ferraby, Brigette and Ruth to
Stonehenge, which is most interesting, although little is known of these
mysterious ancient ruins. After a twelve hour ride they arrived at Exeter in
time for the "United Feast" in the lounge of the Women's University of Oxford
University in this quaint old city.
BRITISH BAHA'I SUMMER SCHOOL IN LOPES HALL IN
EXETER WOMEN'S UNIVERSITY COLLEGE
EXETER, ENGLAND July 18, 1954
The Guardian had said "I hope you can teach in many Summer Schools whenever
possible. You have something to give them that they need." The British Bahá'í
Summer School Committee has asked Ruth to teach during the two weeks
sessions. Room and board were arranged for all registered in the University
buildings as it was the holiday time for the University. The daily schedule was:
7:00 a.m. rising bell; 8:00 prayer service; 8:30 breakfast. First morning
class 9:30 to 11:00; 11:30 coffee break; 11:30 to 12:30 Course on Islam.
1:00 p.m. dinner with different partners each day; 2:00 p.m. to 3:30 p.m. rest
and recreation; 4:00 p.m. afternoon tea; 5:30 to 6:30 "Relief in Action" course.
7:00 p.m. supper; 8:00 to 9:00 "The Global Crusade Course." 10:00 p.m. tea in
the lounge; 11:00 prayers in Ruth's room. More and more came each night until
twenty four crowded into her little room for prayer and said "It is a bit of
heaven, room 19 on the second floor."
EXETER, ENGLAND July 19, 1954
There were fine arrangements for the Summer School, in the spacious lounges,
with fine furniture, excellent meals, beautiful gardens and lawns, and lovely
people with happy unified hearts. The location is ten miles from the sea. At
8:00 p.m. Ruth gave her first talk on "Messages from the Guardian" which was
TORQUAY, ENGLAND July 20, 1954
Ruth had been invited to speak in Torquay on the sea shore, Phillip drove her
with Lady Hornell and Joan Campbell through the most charming country, the
Riberia of England, one of the choice garden spots of the world. The rambling
cities, the hamlets, and her fuscia hedges, rose trees, rock and cliff gardens and
flowering vines climbing gracefully everywhere! Ruth spoke in the Bahá'í
Center and in a Fireside and at a fish dinner, Phillip drove them up and down an
almost perpendicular road with deep ravines, to a quaint place on the shore.
Only the prayers enabled them to arrive back safely.
EXETER SUMMER SCHOOL, July 21, 1954
The main lectures were given by Betty Reed today on, "The Center of the
Convent", and Ruth Moffett on "Civilization's Path of Progress." They also
taught the classes for the day. New friends arrived form various cities and
countries, with a warm welcome.
July 23 & 24: Dick blackwell gave an excellent synthesis on "The Formative
Age." Dr. Grossman, Hand of the Cause, spoke with much spiritual power on
"The Station of the Guardianship." Phillip Hainsworth on "Progress in Africa",
and Ruth Moffett on "The Global Crusade", the Greatest Drama of Human
History". There was a beautiful spirit.
July 24: This was an unusual Summer School with a Hand of the Cause present,
most of the members of the N.S.A., and two members of the Auxiliary Board.
Ruth's lecture, by request was "Giving — The Channel of the Spirit".
July 25: A car load of the friends went with Ruth again to Torquay to the
struggling group where they were warmly received. During Ruth's lecture
Dorothy Whittington said, "For
the first time I am convinced. I see now the great historic plan of God. Of course
it would have to include Bahá'u'lláh and His Message to mankind. I shall help to
spread this great truth, as out beloved Guardian instructed me."
EXETER, ENGLAND July 26, 1954
Today Ruth spoke twice on "The Greatness, The Incomparable Greatness of This
Revelation", and at 12:30 on "The New Spirit in the Holy Land." There was an
eager response. The poetry evening by David Hoffman was beautiful!
BRITISH BAHA'I SUMMER SCHOOL IN EXETER WOMAN'S
COLLEGE. LOPES HALL, EXETER, ENGLAND July 26, 1954
Such a beautiful day! Sunshine, roses, happy spirits everywhere! Wonderful
classes and discussions on the subject of 'The Greatness, the Incomparable
Greatness of This Revelation". Ruth had a long conference with Dr. Grossman,
Hand, who arrived to-day and who wished to continue some of the subjects he had
discussed with Ruth, when she was a guest in their home in Nechergemund. He
has much knowledge and such a warm, understanding spirit. St. Barbe Baker
showed films of his remarkable trip through the Sahara Desert and Phillip
Hainsworth his films of South Africa. There was a reception for all of the out-
of-the-country guests. The friends took turns asking Ruth questions, and she
had a long conference with St. Barbe Baker and he remembered when Ruth and
her husband had entertained him in Chicago and wrote the letter of introduction
for him to meet the Guardian.
EXETER, ENGLAND July 27, 1954
Dr. Ernest Miller, Dr. Grossman, Adib Taherzadeh, and Ruth Moffett were the
teachers for the day with classes and discussions and conferences. Ruth was
asked to speak on the latest Message from our Guardian. Two Bahá'ís arrived
way from Tasmania. The N.S.A. of the British Isles spoke in the evening on "The
Rise of the Bahá'í World Center", and "New World Institutions." It was very
good. It is a great privilege to work with a Hand of the Cause, most of the
members of the N.S.A., two members of the Board and six pilgrims who had been
in Haifa recently, and a number of non-Bahá'í distinguished guests.
EXETER, ENGLAND July 28, 1954
Between classes there was a tour through this 'quaint old English town of
culture'. Exeter is a Parliamentary borough on the Exe River, one hundred,
seventy two miles from London. In 800 A.D. it was an important trade center
with the Greeks and Phonicians. The city has a history of many wars and
turbulent times. The great cathedral, built in 1100 A.D. is famed for its beauty
of design and the richness of its decorations. The architectural symetry and the
decorative harmony of the building are perhaps sunsurpassed in England. There
are interesting old ruins from the time of William The Conqueror, the rock-
hewn wine vaults, lovely old-fashioned gardens and the fine Exeter Woman's
University College which is a branch of Oxford University. The class of John
Ferraby on "The Will and Testament" was very fine. The drama by Ruhiyyih
Khanum "How to be and How not to be!" was presented in the evening with much
fun. Phillip was Mr. Boom and Ruth was chairman of the correct Assembly.
After the drama there was a dress ball with prizes. Ruth dressed as Ruth the
Gleaner. There were prayers each night at midnight in her room and they said
"It is a bit of heaven".
EXETER ENGLAND July 29, 1954
"A New Race of Men" was an unusually fine talk given by Louis Ross Infield. St.
Barbe Baker and Ruth had the classes for the day. The class said that Ruth had
brought to them some so the Spirit of Haifa and it permeats the whole school".
This evening the Bahá'í wedding service of a young Bahá'í couple took place and it
was very impressive. Everyone beginning to feel sad, for the next day would be
the last of this wonderful Summer School.
"The Earth is the Lord's" brought tears to the eyes as dear Hasan Balyuzi gave
one of the last talks. He remembered seeing Ruth in Bejrut College in 1927, on
the way from the Guardian then also. Ruth made arrangements with Cooks
Travel Bureau to go to fourteen other cities by urgent request. Phillip and Ruth
helped five lovely souls to become convinced and to make their declaration
before leaving! The Feast of Perfection was the crowning event before closing
the school, especially when the five announced their declaration! Ruth having
taught in all of the Summer Schools in the U.S. and Canada said that in some ways
the British Summer School seems most mature. The classes were thought-
provoking, expansive, and very inspiring, full of knowledge. The teachers were
able, with fine backgrounds and beautiful spirit.
EXETER, ENGLAND July 31, 1954
Ruth completed arrangements to go to fourteen other cities in the British Isles.
There were many sad farewells in parting with the friends who had studied,
worked and prayed together during this wonderful Summer School. It was a
great privilege to teach in this school and to also receive the inspiration, when
among those present and assisting were, all the members of the N.S.A., a Hand of
the Cause, two members of the Board, six of the friends who had also been in
Haifa, several national teachers and friends from many countries. All of these
made a wonderful spirit of eternal value, which will always be remembered.
Aileen Beals and Ruth were driven to Bournemouth by Bill Conkling, a beautiful
drive, and were guests in the home of Aileen's friend. They were glad to retire
after the very intensive two weeks in Exeter and the long drive to....
BOURNEMOUTH, ENGLAND August 1 & 2, 1954
It was Sunday and the famous Bank Holliday Week End, when everyone all over
England goes away from home for a joyous time somewhere. Roads were full,
restaurants and beaches crowded in spite of the rain. Bournemouth is a large
resort city, situated one hundred sixteen miles west of London on Poole Bay, and
has about one hundred thousand inhabitants and seems to be a favorite health
resort that is becoming industrialized. Aileen spent the day with her sons, and
Bill Conkling and Blanche Powles took care of Ruth for the day, she answered
hundreds of their questions. In the evening Ruth spoke in the Bahá'í Center on
Messages from the Guardian and helped in the observance of the Feast of Kamam
— Perfection. The next day, she and Aileen made calls on a number of her
friends who could not attend a lecture. It was too bad it was such a rainy
weekend for the Holliday as they do not have many hollidays of sunny days in the
BRISTOL, ENGLAND August 3, 1954
Bill drove Aileen and Ruth to Bristol where they had dinner and Ruth spoke on
"The New Spirit in the Holy Land" twice in the Gregory
[page 44 B]
home, and "From Adam to Atom", for which there was a fine response, and
urgent request to come again. Ruth spent the night in Aileen's boarding house
and gave the glad Message to several of the boarders. Called on Vicar Davis of the
United Church, some of Aileen's friends and talked with one who became
convinced and said she would make her declaration! Then we took the train for
CARDIFF, WALES August 3 & 4, 1954
They had dinner and Ruth gave a lecture in the home of Joan Giddings who is
pioneering from England in Cardiff. She has a lovely enthusiastic, sincere
spirit and is eager to form an Assembly in this difficult spot. Cardiff is one of
the most important ports in the United Kingdom with about ten miles of docks
and quays, and outlet for the vast mineral wealth of that region. Cardiff has a
population of well over two hundred thousand, with much smoke and heavy fog.
The University College of South Wales is located here. Aileen and Ruth did what
they could to help Joan in the two days that they could be there, then took the
train back to Bristol, Where Aileen left Ruth, who went alone to.....
BRIGHTON, ENGLAND August 4 & 5, 1954
Shamoa Sedaghat and Doreen Geary met Ruth and took her to the latter's home,
and although the grandfather had died in the home a few hours before they wanted
Ruth as their guest, and did all they could for her, even though they were of a
different faith; Catholic. She had prayers for the grandfather, and of course
would take no renumeration for the prayer, which surprised them and for which
they were greatful. Ruth gave a public lecture in Memorial Hall in the evening.
Phil Hainsworth from Africa, brought seven in his little car from London, acted
as chairman and helped Ruth answer questions until after midnight. Brighton is
fifty one miles straight south of South London, and is called 'London by the Sea'.
It is one of the most popular resorts, a city of one hundred fifty thousand
population with a sea-wall four miles long which forms a fine promenade called
"The Front". The museums, art galleries and acquarium are world famous. We
pray that a strong Community may be established here. On August 5, every half
hour and hour there were interviews all day until Ruth had to leave without
time for lunch or supper. One lovely soul made her declaration and another
who had left the Cause said she would write her letter for reinstatement, as Ruth
had made everything so clear and convincing! Then Ruth hurriedly caught
the train for London.
LONDON, ENGLAND, August 5, 1954
Dorothy Becktol and Phillip Hainsworth met Ruth and took her to dinner and to
the Bahá'í Center where she and Hasan Balyuzi were the speakers. However,
there were so many strangers, she was asked to reserve her talk of Haifa and the
Guardian until next Monday and to speak on a more general subject this evening.
It was such a surprise when Nancy Campbell of Hamilton Ontario walked in, and
later Lady Hornell from Belfast Ireland! It was an inspiration to be with and
hear dear Hasan Balyuzi who has so much light of the Spirit.
GOLDEN GREEN, ENGLAND August 6, 1954
Phillip and Ruth spoke in Bobbie Needham's home to an interested group who
asked many questions and there was a fine discussion. Mr. Nazar, always so
willing to help, drove us there and back to his home after midenight. One lady
said "This is that for which I have been looking all my life. At last I found it.
I am so greatful."
LONDON, ENGLAND August 7 & 8, 1954
Lady Hornell came to the Nazar home to spend the day helping serve the
afternoon tea to the many who dropped in to have interviews with Ruth, and to
help Ruth put the rose and Jasamine petals from the Holy Shrines in little
envelopes to give to the friends. These are especially precious because they
were on the Threshold of the Shrine of Bahá'u'lláh during the entire night of the
Commemoration of His Ascension when the beloved Guardian chanted much of the
night. Mr. Nazar's brother arrived from Iran and there was another party for
him. The two brothers told many beautiful Persian stories of the Faith in the
Sunday it poured all day, a regular English downpour, but the light shone
brightly in the ?Nazar home! A number braved the storm to learn more of the
Messages from our Guardian.
LONDON, ENGLAND August 9 & 10, 1954
Hasan Balyuzi was chairman for Ruth as she spoke in the Bahá'í Center about
Guardianship, his words and the spirit of Haifa. She spoke for two hours with a
breif break between, when she had finished the friends sat silent for almost ten
minutes, then said, "You have brought the real spirit of Haifa!" "We could
sit all night as that spirit lifts us out of this world." "How can we thank you
At the Royal Sabena Air Lines Office, the officers triend to get Ruth to pay
$120.00 more on her return ticket back to New York. She asked to see the
general manager of the air lines, Mr. Watrin and presented the letter written by
Dr. George Stirn of the Global
Air Lines of Haifa, in which he stated that Mrs. Moffett was traveling through
Europe at the request of the International Bahá'í Council, and asked that every
courtesy possible be extended to her. He asked many questions about Bahá'í and
the International Councel, and arranged her ticket to return to America from
Manchester without having to go back to Brussels, without added cost, and wrote
a letter to use in every city she visited, asking for extended kindness. He was
most gracious. He arranged for Flight 545 leaving Manchester England at 11:00
p.m., August 30, arriving in New York, Idlewild Airport, Tuesday, 9:20 a.m.
OXFORD AND WHEATLY, ENGLAND August 11 & 12,
Marina Nazar helped Ruth breathlessly to the Marlesborouth Station to take the
train to the home of David and Marian Hoffman. It was a beautiful ride through
the picturesque English villages to the farm home of David and Marian, where
Ruth had dinner with them and their two lovely children, and a fine visit. David
then took Ruth to Oxford, to Derbeyshire House and to meet all the Bahá'ís in
that region and to speak on "Our Guardian Speaks". There was a warm spirit and
many questions. Jean Campbell and the other English friends were most
gracious and eager for every word from our beloved Guardian.
Mariann Hoffman took Ruth, the next day, all over Oxford University, made up
of about twenty colleges, Baliol College where our Guardian studied was one. We
saw the room where he had studied over a tiny court. We went to the Unitarian
Church Building on the campus, where 'Abdu'l-Bahá spoke in 1912, and had
heavenly prayers together there. Few cities have been blessed by the presence
of both 'Abdu'l-Bahá and the Guardian as has Oxford and London. Ruth felt the
radiance of Their Spirit there. Ruth spoken on Jean Campbell's sun porch in the
eve. Susanne Christoflow of Paris, St. Barbe Baker's secretary, came to stay
with Ruth and became confirmed.
BLACKBURN, ENGLAND August 13, 14, 15, and 16,
Susanne Christoflow, the brilliant girl from Paris, in the publishing business
there, while staying with Ruth in Oxford, became aflame with the Bahá'í Spirit,
said "Nothing has ever moved me so into desire to serve! What can I
do?" She said she would go back to Paris and serve where the need is so
great. She put Ruth on the train for Blackburn. ruth had to change trains four
times carrying her own luggage over and under tracks in the rain, and arrived
in Manchester instead of Blackburn, all due to inefficiency in the transportation
system and its handling. Trudi Scott had to go to Manchester to meet Ruth and
take her to her tiny room in blackburn where thay had four precios days
together. She had pioneered there for years with little results and was quite
discouraged. The two girls prayed much and went to work. She borrowed a
typewriter from an office downstairs and helped Ruth write twenty letter and
material to help. They made several important contacts, inviting them to the
last evening lecture "From Adam to Atom", to which fifteen came to Trudi's little
workshop for a heavenly experience. Mrs. Warring made her declaration!
and one daughter just returned from South Africa, and the other daughter
married to a Chinese, became very interested. They said "These are the most
mind-expanding and soul stirring talks I have ever heard May you bless others
as you have blessed us!"
LIVERPOOL, ENGLAND August 17, 1954
Trudi and Ruth went to Liverpool together, typing on a rented typewriter
enroute, in the crowded, smelly coach, in a typical English downpour, glad to be
out of smoky, blackened Balckburn for a time. It is one of the largest
manufacturing cities of England with a population of about one hundred thirty
thousand, with a large cotton machinery output.
Gladys Prichard, chairman of the L.S.A. of Liverpool met the girls at 2:40 p.m.
taking them to the noted Tibet exhibition in the Museum, and then to the
Parliament building to see the beautiful mosaic floor which is uncovered only
once in twenty years. Very beautiful! In Gladys' home, the girls typed until
time for the potluck dinner and the evening lecture by Ruth with all that she
could pack in about the station and mission of the Guardian.
Again and again they said, "She has brought the real spirit of the Shrines to
us!" They urged her to remain in Liverpool, which is one of the greatest
trading centers of the world and on one of the largest Atlantic seaports. It has
over one hundred fifty docks and more than fifty dry docks, and one of the largest
vehicular tunnels in the world; fourty four feet in diameter and two miles long.
It has one of the largest merchant fleets in the world. The first important steam
railroad in the world was opened between Liverpool and Manchester in 1830,
before the time of the Declaration of the Bab. It is an interesting and important
city, in which to spread the glad Message. The two who made their declaration
during the Summer School came and added their spirit of happiness. Dr. Miller
took Ruth and the whole bunch to the ship to speed her on her way to Dublin, but
urged her to return and to remain longer, saying "Bless you!"
DUBLIN, ERIN, August 18, 19, 20, 21, and 22,
At 11:00 p.m. the ship across the Irish Sea went through three locks as the tide
went out. Ruth sat on the deck until long after midnight watching the strange
proceddings. She gave the message to a young man going to Dublin who asked the
urpose of her visit. At dawn a cabin boy brought her a cup of tea and another as
the ship made ready to dock in Dublin. There was Adib Taberzadeh to meet her.
He took her to their home for breakfat, then phoned Brian Townshend that Mrs.
Ruth Moffett had arrived. He came at once to welcome her mosr warmly. Dr.
George Townshend hearing the name of Ruth Moffett over the phone, jumped up
out of bed, upseting a pot of tea amid the protests of his wife, for he had been
under doctor's care for six weeks, and in bed a month, and insisted that he speak
with Mrs. Moffett personally. He invited her to tea with him that afternoon,
that he and his daughter, Una, would call for her at 2:00 p.m. Ruth protested
because of his illness, but he would not take 'no". At 2:00 p.m. Una drove up
with her father and took Ruth to the Singing Kettle, where he ordered the table,
the tea, the cinnamon-toast and orange marmelade, and himself served the tea as
an English gentleman, even though he was very weak and his hands trembled.
His face was thin and drawn, but his eyes were beautiful and soulful. His spirit
had an amazing eagerness and poise, and light, and a keen desire for every word
about the Guardian. Ruth gave him the message the Guardian asked her to give
him, part of which was to finish his book and get it published as soon as
possible, that it is very important for the Christian world, especially at this
time. He was delighted to receive the message and said that he had not been able
to write for a long time and had hdad little inspiration, as he had been so ill. At
the Summer School Brian had insisted that Ruth give him the Guardian's message
herself, as that might be the spark to set him aflame again. Therefore Ruth
made the extra effort and expense to go there. At the tea table they were soon
telling stories and he chuckled more and more until he suddenly broke out in a
hearty laugh. Una whispered to Ruth "I have not seen father laugh like that in
five years." Words cannot describe the joy to all three on that memorable
Ruth spoke each evening and some afternoons in the home of Adib and Zarina
Taberzadeh. They said that Ruth was the only one that they had heard give the
Message in Dublin in the four years that they had lived there. Dr. Townshend
was present every time but one, drinking in every word. Ruth repeatedly said
she should be sitting at his feet. He looked very frail and feeble, but each time
she spoke about the Guardian he sat bolt upright, fearing he might miss a single
word. none of the family had ever been in Haifa. Bahá'í teahers had not worked,
he said, in Dublin.
The work and spirit of Dr. Townshend is historic. He is the first distinguished
ecclesiastic to step out of a great ecclesiastical position of wealth and influence,
into a little-known Faith. He stepped out of a twenty-four room house in an
eleven acre estate, with many servants into a small house which the N.S.A. of the
british Isles rented for him, where Mrs. Townshend has to do all the cooking,
baking, washing, ironing, shopping etc., never having done it before in her life.
He stepped out of a life of great power and affluence, into a life of poverty and
persecution. He wrote a masterly letter of resignation to the ecclesiastics,
explaining the faith and the cause of his resignation. Not one responded. He
wrote his regrets about their dearness to Shoghi Effendi, who replied "How
[page 48 A]
you expect tombs to respond to your letter?" Una, Brian and Adib took Ruth to
St. Patricks Cathedral, founded in 1890, and they sat in the very pew in which
brian sat spell-bound when his father gave the Message of Bahá'u'lláh for the
first time in that immense Cathedral. Only the elder dean said "That sermon is a
masterpiece". He did not understand why.
Dublin was surely blessed by the spirit of this great soul. It is the capital of the
Irish Free State and has numerous huge cathedrals, churches, castles,
monuments, and monasteries. The National museum contains the finest
collection of ancient gold ornaments in the world. Ruth went to Trinity College,
not for four years, but for a day! It is really the University of Dublin. If Ruth
could have remained long enough for the necessary arrangements, she could have
had the opportunity to speak there in the class of Religious History. Dublin
became an ecclesiastical bishopric in 1038 and an archi-episcopal city in
1152. In 1689, William III returned thanks in St. Patrick's Cathedral for the
victory of Boyne. It was in an historic background such as this that Dr. George
Townshend lived and caught a gleam of the Light of God through the Glory of
baha'u'llah and rose to reflect that light.
Brian and Una were so happy to see the change that had come to their father
saying that they had not seen him laugh and joke like this for years. He told
Ruth his favorite poem was: "Adam had-um-fleas!" Then he laughed heartily.
The words from our Guardian set him aflame to finish his book and get it
published as soon as possible. They all begged Ruth and her husband to come and
settle in Dublin, which she would gladly do, however the Guardian said at
present she needed to work thoroughout America. Early the last morning Adib
took her in a taxi to the quaint Irish train for Belfast, her heart filled with
BELFAST, IRELAND August 22 & 23, 1954
One cannot realize the beauty of this land until they go through it and see the
little Irish villages, the quaint homes, gardens, lovely trees and hedges of
flowers. Lady Hornell of London, mother-in-law of Hasan Balyuzi, Hand of the
Cause, who gave up everything to pioneer in belfast, met Ruth and entertained
her in her tiny apartment. She is so pure-hearted, they had a heavenly time
together and talked almost continually for the two days and nights with her
contacts, who became eager for the Spirit of Haifa. Belfast is an interesting,
though difficult post, very nationalistic for the crown, and very Lutheran and
conservative, with Queen's University, beautiful gardens and many monuments,
and the largest linen industries of the world. Lady Hornell and the whole group
took Ruth to the ship to gross the Irish See to Glasgow....
GLASGOW, SCOTLAND August 24, 1954
It is an interesting sight to watch the ship dock at six a.m. in one of the largest
ship building ports of the world. Glasgow is next to
[page 48 B]
London the largest city in the United Kingdom, one of the greatest manufacturing
and sea ports of the world. It traces its beginning to the little wooden church
which St. Kentigern, apostle to the Scots, built on the banks of the Molendivar
about 560 A.D. Much of its prosperity is due to the fine harbour and its position
in the midst of a region abounding in rich deposits of coal, iron and other
It was here that Ada Williams came to pioneer and to spread the glad Message of
Baha'u'lah. She was working in the suburb of Motherwell. A dinner and lecture
in the evening in the Grand Hotel brought much inspiration and the spirit of
Haifa, they said, and wish Ruth to return before going back to America. Mr.
Robertson brought four from Edinburg and to drive Ruth back with them. There
are only three pioneers in Glasgow, but they are winning the confidence of the
people. Dear Ada Williams took care of a woman with smallpox in the Grand
Hotel who had fainted in the lobby. Now the Grand Hotel cannot do enough to
express their gratitude and welcome a Bahá'í meeting.
EDINBURGH, SCOTLAND August 25, 26 and 27,
James Robertson drove Nora and Marian Michaloff and Ruth 50 miles through
the Scotland Highlands to the Longmine Private Hotel in Edinburgh where they
found Margaret Lloud and sister recently returned from South Africa. House so
full, Ruth slept on the couch in the living room, in the wee small hours. The
International Music Festival is on for three weeks and people are here from all
over the world, and everything focuses on that. Edinburgh is one of the great
educational centers of the world, with many educational institutions, built on
the seven hills, and is called the "Modern Athens." The Castle, which is three
hundred feet high and accessible only onits Eastrn side, was the residence of
many of the Scottish monarchs and the scene of many tragic events. It is now the
gorgeous scene of the International Music Festival. One
finds historic monuments everywhere and Princess Street with its lovely
gardens and flower clock that keeps time, attract people from all over the world.
In 1843, one year before the Bab made His declaration, Edinburg as the
religious center of Scotland, was the scene of the famous secession from the
Established Church of England which ended in the formation of the Free Church
of Scotland, to which today almost everyone in Scotland belongs. Mr. Robertson
took Ruth to the cathedral where 'Abdu'l-Bahá spoke and to the home of Mr. &
Mrs. White where he stayed four days and where they had prayers.
Devoted Bahá'í pioneers have come and stayed for a year at a time and still there
is not an Assembly, showing how difficult it is to break through the established
shell. Breakfasts, luncheons, and teas were arranged for Ruth and the public
lecture in Memorial Hall. During the questions period one man said, "I have no
questions for I do not believe a word she said." It was as though a ton of cold
water was dashed over everyone. Ruth had to say something to rescue the
situation, so she began praising the beautiful munoument of Sir Walter Scott on
Princess Street, which is one of the most beautiful ones in the world, built for
an individual who was not a general or a monarch. She said that she too is very
prouud of it, as "Sir Walter Scott was the first cousin of my mother's mother."
The cold-water-dashing man popped up and said, "You are! then I am prepared
to believe every word you said!" Then he invited them all to have tea with him
the next evening in the North Britain Hotel where Sir Walter Scott and the
Bahá'í Faith were discussed at length.
They learned how Sir Walter Scott, born in 1771 and passed on in 1823 became
one of the great literary geniuses of the world, his years as an attorney, his
remarkable writing and story telling ability, and his beautiful poetic soul,
produced a mass of literary works unequaled by any other British writer. He
discovered the historical novel. He gave to literature that encyclopedic
character since exemplified later by Balsac, Dickens, Tackery, and
revolutionized history as a body of dry facts. He is perhaps most loved by the
Scottish people for having discovered the lost Royal stone of Scotland and
returning it to them. In 1813 he was offered the poet laureateship of the
British Isles, but declined because he did not wish to be limited in his ideals to
write. In 1818 a baronetry was conferred upon him and King George IV
knighted him for his services. It is said that he was related to King George and
those gathered for tea, said that Ruth was then the 'steenth cousin of the King
The interesting story of Sir Walter Scott by those who loved him, led to the
marvelous writings of Bahá'u'lláh and their influence upon civilization, and the
soul of man.
Throughout the years the friends could get little or no publicity in the papers,
so they consulted Ruth, who said, "Abdu'l-Bahá visited Edinburg and God is all
powerful." She wants to know His Will. A reporter came to interview a
descendent of Sir Walter Scott, and the best articles the Bahá'í ever had,
appeared in the Conservative Scotman. They all begged Ruth and her husband to
come and settle in Scotland, to help attain the goal to which our beloved Guardian
has called us. It was with regret that they all parted and Ruth took the train for
MANCHESTER, ENGLAND August 27, 28, 29, 30 & 31,
Ruth arrived at 4:30, was taken to the Sheperd home for dinner and to speak in
the Publi meeting at the Queen Hotel in the evening. friends and contacts came
from many cities in Northern England, including our dear Louis Gregory from
Sheffield, and Trudi Scott from Blackburn, who came to help Ruth type and do a
million things before preparing to return to America. There were streams of
callers and telephone calls expressing gratitude for all of her help in the british
Isles, and begging her to remain longer or to return soon. Ben Scheribman just
arrived from America, and learned that Ruth was leaving for America, phoned
from London that he was coming to Manchester to see her, but did not say what
train nor what station, and there are six stations! But the process of prayer
and elimination they decided on one and were much concerned as Ben did not
know anyone in England having just arrived. Crowds came from the train, but
no Ben. As they turned away they heard
a "WHOA! WHOA!" and Ben came running saying "I asked 'Abdu'l-Bahá to show
you where to meet me and I knew that you would." The power of prayer is very
convining for Ben. He helped Ruth with piles of manuscripts and letters in the
Center. He said that he came all this way from London to Manchester to see Ruth
for three reasons. 1: To get her wisdom and prayers for his next step, and how
could he get into Russia to teach the Cause, and how he could teach there. 2: To
beg her to leave Chicago as soon as possible and move to Wisconsin, Nebraska or
Iowa, 3: To try and help her in return for all of the spiritual help she had been
to him throughout the years. Bahá'u'lláh will bless him for his services.
Mr. Davis, the director of the Royal Sabena Air Lines for Northern England,
invited Ruth for lunch and himself made all the arrangements for her departure.
Everyone was most kind and did all that they could for her. The last lecture in
the Bahá'í Center was sad but heartwarming as she gave them "Pearls of Wisdom
from the Guardian and the Greatest Holy Leaf." They said that it was one of the
most stirring they had ever had. Although it was pouring rain, most of those
present went to the air port for a last fare-thee-well. It was a never to be
forgotten sight as Ruth expressed her gratitude, kissed them all and told them
that she loved them with all her heart, and that high above the clouds she would
pray that they may all become shinging stars in the Kingdom of Bahá'u'lláh! Mr.
Davis himself escorted her onto the plane for the thrilling overseas flight. God
bless them each one!
SHANNON, ERIN August 30, 1954
Royal Sabena Flight 545 Transatlantic was on its way! There was a sumptuous
dinner at midnight in the dining room at the airport in Shannon, Erin, then
sixty passengers strapped in their seat belts, in the big plane, soared high in the
air for the oceanic flight. The plane rose to tewnty thousand feet high. It was
full moon and the moonlight reflected on the white clouds below, made it look
like a fairyland and seem like a world celestial that is if one did not think of
Davie Jones Locker far below! "The heavens declare the Glory of God
(Bahá'u'lláh). The firmament showeth His handiwork. Day unto day uttereth
speech. Night unto night showeth knowledge. There is no place where their
voice is not heard." Bahá'u'lláh wrote "The cause of the creation of all
contingent beings has been love.. I was a hidden treasure and lived to be known."
These are some of the thoughts upon which Ruth meditated during that
memorable flight. In the midst of the etheric moonlight beauty, there was an
ominous feeling and Ruth prayed all of that night.
GANDER, NEWFOUNDLAND August 31, 1954
It was dawn. After the beautiful, impressive, successful flight, the big plane
landed in the bleak, windy airport of Gander, Newfoundland. The wind was so
strong, it was difficult to get the plane on its way again. It flew over vast areas
of grass and trees partly submerged, and barren islands. The plane, tipped,
dipped, and rolled.
BROOKLYN, NEW YORK August 31, 1954
The Royal Sabena Transatlantic plane, flight 545 enroute from Gander,
Newfoundland, was buffeted about like a feather. It pitched, rolled, swayed and
dropped into airpockets as though the bottom had dropped out of the world.
Everyone was sick, even the stewards. Although Ruth had flown a great deal and
had had experiences, never had there been one as frightening as this. She had
prayed all night long for the guidance of the two pilots, now she prayed most
earnestly and continuouosly for them, with the great responsibility of all these
passengers and crew, that all could land safely, God willing. After six hours of
this sickening, terrifying experience, the plane arrived at Idlewild airport in
New York and learned that it had been one of the most destructive along the coast
of New England. It was the only transatlantic plane to arrive. A number of ships
and planes were lost at sea in that dreadful hurricane. The pilots received
special honours for their courage and skill. Ruth breathed a prayer of
gratitude, and wishes she could tell them that it was the powerful prayers of
Bahá'u'lláh that saved them.
You can imagine the joy with which she greeted Ludmila Von Sombeck who was
waiting for her at the airport, as everything had been grounded because of the
hurricane, there were no taxis, limosines, and the great airport was almost
deserted. She had invited Ruth and Robert to be guests in their home. It was a
happy occaison for them all! "Praise be to God the Lord of all the worlds!"
BROOKLYN AND NEW YORK CITY, September 1, 2, 3, 4,
There were luncheons and Firesides and a lecture each evening during the
following busy days. The friends were eager for the message from our beloved
Guardian, but not as eager as the friends in Europe, nor was there the same
spirit, of sacrifice and dedication, broadly speaking. Ruth spoke in a large Youth
Meeting in New York City which was enthusiastically received and discussed.
She also spoke in the Bahá'í Center in New York, and in the home of Carrie
Kinney. Many enjoyed Ruth's husband's humor and stories until he returned to
Washington, D.C. There was a conference with some officers of the U.N. and an
interesting tour through the buildings. Ruth was one of the U.N. fields
lecturers, having witnessed the birth of the U.N. Charter and attended several
NEW YORK CITY, WEST ENGLEWOOD, RIVER EDGE, HARRINGTON
PARK, BLOOMFIELD, GLOSTES, NEW JERSEY, September 5-11,
These days were filled with Firesides, luncheons, teas, and many conferences.
Ruth lectured in The Cabin, West Englewood on Sunday evening September 5th.
Many said "You have brought the true spirit of the Shrines, and are so grateful."
"You have brought so much more than most pilgrims!" "You have made us long
to go there as never before." Bill de Froge kidnapped Ruth to take her to their
home for Labor Day Weekend, to meet their contacts and to talk science with
their youn son, in Harrington Park. In New York City, Ruth had lunch with
Norman Cousins, who was much interested in her trip to Haifa and asked many
questions about the Guardian. He is writing a new book on "Immortality" and
asked Ruth some of the Bahá'í answers on the subject, after which Bill de Forge
took her to the Adler Planetarium for the lecture and to get certain data. She
was a guest in Curtis and Harriet Kelsey's home, she gave several lectures and
tape recordings of her Pilgrimage. Ruth was guest of Alice Morse in Bloomfield,
spoke in the Arthur and Joiec Block home in Gloster, and in the home of Vaffa
Kinney in River Edge. All were eager to hear the latest messages from our
WEST HAVEN AND WASHINGTON, CONNECTICUT, September 12, 13,
Curtiss Kelsey and Ruth Moffett were the speakers at the New England Area
Conference held on the big lawn of Agnes Eades home in Weat Haven. She told the
Conference that it was the talk and the spirit that she heard Ruth Moffett give
years ago in the Emma Rice home that confirmed her. She was surprised to find
another of her "children" there, Joshua Green of Port Antonio, Jamaica, and the
Stones from Vermont., and Jean Silver from Cuba etc. Ruhanguiz Bolles
kidnapped Ruth, taking her home to Washington, Conn. for two days, which were
filled with calls on her close friends and contacts. Her son Randolph took them
to have a fine fish dinner and to call on several of their friends to tell them
about Haifa and the Guardian. Ruth helped them save their home from a bush
fire, then went to Danbury to have dinner with the friends and to take the train
NEW YORK, WEST ENGLEWOOD, CHICAGO, September 14, 15, 16,
Left home, Chicago, May 17, returned home September 17. The greatest four
months of ruth's life. Every minute full. All praise and glory be to Bahá'u'lláh!
THE BLESSINGS OF AKKA IN THE HOLY LAND
[On this last page of Ruth's pilgrim's notes, she quotes Bahá'u'lláh from The
Epistle to the Son of the Wolf , pp. 176-179 regarding Akka; followed by a
quote of Bahá'u'lláh fromThe Advent of Divine Justice p. 19. and then ends
with the following:]
May we all become bigger, more radiant lumps to leaven the peoples of the world
so that the reality of these pure souls may exercise their influence upon all
Research notes and cautions about the Moffett pilgrims notes
Thellie Lovejoy, who helped type and proofread many pilgrims notes for Bahá'í Library Online, has found evidence that parts of these notes may be plagiarized. Lovejoy's findings were shared with myself and others via a series of emails. With her permission, I have edited and compiled her emails, below. -J.W.
The May 1954 Moffet notes that were made ready to distribute in the early 1970's when Ruth was in her 90's are the work of plagiarism. As you do not know me, let me insert here that I can back up everything I claim with written proof within the note's own self. Ruth was apparently trying to get the notes published in a book form. She lengthened her notes by adding the pilgrim notes of Alice Dudley's 1957 pilgrimage and William Sears' March 1954 pilgrimage. And a travel portion for and aft. She cut and pasted her own notes--it's questionable how much of her own notes are her own notes---with Duddley's and Sears's. She rearranged their words, to make it appear that she was the heard of these words. She altered the words of William Sears in at least one place where, he was expressing his own thoughts regarding the Guardian and turned these thoughts of Mr. Sears into the words of the Guardian, himself that she heard him say. If she had only attributed the others' notes to herself, this would be an embarrassment. But she alters them to change the meaning. She also has written into the notes at least two excuses that are attempts to cover what she had done. This, of course, throws into doubt any statement she makes that she says she heard from the lips of Shoghi Effendi. And there is at least one statement I have very strong feelings that she invented to suit her idea. I myself have a book of information--in my head--of provable, different things she has done--even in her published books, so it is obvious, I cannot put everything I know in an e-mail.
[Question via email: I don't know about the evidence that Moffett's notes are somehow falsified; what is it? Is it not possible that she was there at the same time as some of the others, or heard similar things?]
[Lovejoy's response:] She took notes from others who were not there at the same time as herself. She took notes from William Sears who was there 2 months before herself and she took notes from Alice Duddley who was there three years after herself. It is likely she took notes from some who were there while she was there, but I do not count those notes as provable plagiarism. Duddley's notes were in circulation immediately after Duddley's pilgrimage in 1957. Moffet's notes did not appear until the early 70's.
Very numerous are the direct copies Moffet took from these two individuals, but even more telling are these two examples, below, where she alters and adds. In the Example with Alice Duddley's notes you need to know that Moffet refers to herself through out the notes in the third person. Also, that the book mentioned by Duddley, "Christ & Bahá'u'lláh" was not in print in 1954 during Moffet's pilgrimage, but came out the very month of Dudley's visit 3 years later. The parentheses of the Moffett excerpt are included by Moffett, referring to herself.
Ruth Moffet, pg 16, par 10:
"We should use Dr. George W. Townshend's latest book, "Christ and Bahá'u'lláh" because it is the most scholarly and portrays the Kingdom of God upon the earth. (This note was added later after Ruth Moffett had visited Dr. Townshend in Dublin, at the Guardian's request, and delivered his message to him, all of which caused or enabled him to complete the book at a time when he could no longer write. This again shows the cosmic power of prayer and love and faith. It is a wonderful story.)"
[Everything inside the parenthesis, above, is apparently written by R.M., herself. She, throughout, refers to herself in the 3rd person.]
Alice Dudley from a 1957 pilgrimage, pg 4, par 7:
The Guardian said Dr. Esslemont and Dr. Townsend were the two greatest Bahá'í writers in the west, and that Abdu'l-Fazl was the greatest Bahá'í writer in the East. He thought that Townsend's latest book "Christ and Bahá'u'lláh" exceeded Dr. Esslemont's book in greatness. Said the English should be very proud of both of them, that we must use Dr. Townsend's latest book because it portrays the Kingdom of God upon Earth.
Wm Sears's own thoughts. pg 5, par 4:
The Guardian said that the friends feel that it is difficult to leave their homes and pioneer, even to move to the goals inside their own countries. They do not see that he is not asking them to sacrifice. He is protecting them from themselves. He is protecting them not only from the calamity that is rushing toward them outwardly, but he is protecting them from the calamity that is rushing toward them inwardly.
Ruth Moffett, pg 17 par 3:
"Another evening the Guardian said. . .. They do not see that we are not asking them to sacrifice. We are protecting them from great difficulty and from themselves. We are not only protecting them from the calamity that is rushing toward them outwardly, but from the calamity that is rushing toward them inwardly."
Moffett alters meanings of the other's words, verified above. But of her *own* words one cannot verify to what degree of deception she took. I believe, however, that she even stooped to inventing things. My biggest complaint is that of the timing of the Most Great Peace. I believe it was an invention on her part because, she did not agree with the notes of Ramona Brown, who was there for a few days over lap of her own visit, whose notes she may have consulted to compile her own 1970 notes. Moffet's timing of the Most Great Peace is, nevertheless, widely accepted by Bahá'ís. In my opinion, causing much unwarranted complacency on the part of the Bahá'í community. Pilgrim notes, while not necessarily accurate, are easier to read than trying to decipher Bahá'í prophecy. I am not denouncing the reading of pilgrim notes, I myself, have what I believe to be the largest collection in the world, two and a half file boxes. But at the same time, I have, and have read every book of Bahá'í Writings published in English (and unpublished stuff too).
[On another topic:] Following are some comparative notes taken from pilgrim notes regarding the timing of the Most Great Peace and Golden Age.
From 1953 Ben Levy:
"When asked when will be the beginning of the Golden Age - Guardian said the Golden Age may be in 70 to 100 years. Leroy Ioas commented that the establishment of the Universal House of Justice does not mean the beginning of the Golden age."
From 1954 Ramona Brown (an overlap pilgrim with Moffet):
"It is essential that the youth of today study deeply the Faith as they will usher in the Most Great Peace. The Lesser Peace will be established within this century. The Most Great Peace in the next century."
From 1954 Moffet notes, (these are 3 excerpts from different places within her notes):
- "World Order will gradually develop in the Golden Age and reach the stage of 'the coming of age' of mankind. This stage will happen at the close of the Golden Age. World Order will evolve in the course of the Golden Age until it will reach its period of 'coming of age'; then it will gradually mature.. . . The union of the two [Law & Covenant of Bahá'u'lláh & mind of 'Abdu'l-Bahá] gives rise to the birth of the administrative Order which started in the formative age and matures toward the close of the Bahá'í cycle."
- ". . .Emergence of the Bahá'í World Commonwealth. That means the coming of age of the human race, the establishment of the Most Great Peace. This is the Golden Age, and the evolution of humanity."
- "The Bahá'í World Commonwealth will begin to mature near the end of the Bahá'í dispensation, not cycle.. . .This is the fruit of the fruit of the golden Age!"
Abstracting from her notes; In the Golden age, near its end is the coming of Age of the human race which is the same as the Most Great Peace. I personally find exception with this timing as I believe it invites complacency among Bahá'ís. I also believe it is highly inaccurate from my very careful study of Bahá'í prophecy of this subject. I also believe the complacency enjoined by many Bahá'ís will (is) create(ing) a set up for a more traumatic transaction, rather a slower one.
[-Thellie Lovejoy, 1998]