|1862 – 1868
||Hájí Mírzá Muhammad-‘Alí, a cousin of the Báb, lived in Shanghai during this period. This is the first record of a Bábí or Bahá'í living in China. [PH24]
From 1870 he lived in Hong Kong dealing as a merchant and was joined by his brother, Hájí Mírzá Muhammad Husayn. [PH24]
||Shanghai; Hong Kong; China
||Haji Mirza Muhammad-Ali (Afnan); Haji Mirza Muhammad Husayn (Afnan); Afnan; Bab, Family of; First Bahais by country or area
|1888 (In the year)
||Jamál Effendi, accompanied by Hájí Faraju'lláh-i-Tafrishí, embarked on a long journey to the East visiting Burma, Java (Indonesia), Siam (Thailand), Singapore, Kashmir, Tibet, Yarqand, Khuqand in Chinese Turkistan, and Afghanistan. [EB123–4; PH22]
||Myanmar (Burma); Java; Indonesia; Siam (Thailand); Thailand; Singapore; Kashmir; India; Tibet; Yarqand; Khuqand; Chinese Turkistan; China; Afghanistan
||Jamal Effendi; Haji Farajullah-i-Tafrishi
|1897 (In the year)
||Hájí Mírzá Muhammad-`Alí, the first Bahá'í to have settled China, died in Bombay on his way back to Shíráz. [PH24]
||China; Mumbai (Bombay); India
||Haji Mirza Muhammad-Ali (Afnan); Afnan; First Bahais by country or area; In Memoriam; Births and deaths
|1901 (In the year)
||The Faith is introduced to China by a Persian. [Major events of the Century of Light prepared by Dr. Ahmadi]
||Charles Mason Remey and Howard Struven left the United States on the first Bahá'í teaching trip to circle the globe. [BFA2:348, GPB261]
They went to Hawaii, Japan, Shanghai, Singapore and to Burma, India and `Akká. [BFA2:348–50]
||Hawaii; Japan; Shanghai; China; Singapore; Myanmar (Burma); India; Akka
||Charles Mason Remey; Howard Struven; Travel teaching
|1910 (In the year)
||Charles Mason Remey and Howard Struven arrived in Shanghai and met with Áqá Mírzá `Abdu'l-Baqí Yazdí. They were probably the first Bahá'ís from the West to go to China. [PH25]
||Charles Mason Remey; Howard Struven; Aqa Mirza Abdul-Baqi Yazdi; Firsts, Other
|1914 (In the year)
||Mr Husayn Uskuli and two Bahá'ís friends arrived in Shanghai from 'Ishqábád. His family joined him. [PH28-29, BW13p871-872]
||Ishqabad; Turkmenistan; Shanghai; China
||Laura and Hippolyte Dreyfus Barney started their teaching trip to China and French Indonesia. Their plan was cut short by the declaration of war in Europe. They visited again in 1920.
||China; French Indonesia
||Laura Clifford Barney; Hippolyte Dreyfus-Barney
|1916 Apr or May
||The first Chinese Bahá'í in China, Chen Hai An (Harold A. Chen), became a Bahá'í in Chicago through the efforts of Dr Zia Baghdádí. [PH29-30]
PH30 says this was 1919 but this is clearly a typographical error.
He returned to China in December 1916.
||China; Chicago; United States
||First Bahais by country or area; Zia Bagdadi
|1917 3 Apr
|| 'Abdu'l-Bahá's exhortation on China was published in the Star of the West on the 28th of April, 1917. "China, China, China, China-ward the Cause of Baha'o'llah must march! Where is that holy, sanctified Bahai to become the teacher of China! China has most great capability. The Chinese people are most simple-hearted and truth-seeking." and "China is the country of the future."
[SotW_Vol-01 (Mar 1910)-Vol-10 (Mar 1919) p2127/2922]
See as well PG99-100 for His Tablet to Chen Ting Mo.
||Chen Ting Mo; Abdul-Baha, Life of; Abdul-Baha, Writings and talks of; Pioneering; Travel-teaching
|1923 25 Apr
||Martha Root left Osaka for northern China. [PH31]
It was her second visit to China and lasted until March 1924. [PH31-2]
|1923 4 Nov
||The first recorded Bahá'í Feast in China was held in Beijing. [PH33]
Martha Root and Agnes Alexander were present. [PH33]
||Nineteen Day Feast; Martha Root; Agnes Alexander
|1931 (In the year)
||The first Chinese translation of Bahá’u’lláh and the New Era was published. [PH36]
The translation was made by Dr Tsao Yun-siang, President of the Xinhua University in Beijing. [PH36]
||Bahaullah and the New Era (book); Esslemont; First translations; Translation; Publications
|1954. 22 Oct
||Mr and Mrs Suleimani arrived in Keelung, Taiwan by ship. They spent the rest of their lives there. The Suleimanis, originally from Iran, had lived for about 28 years in Shanghai where Mrs Ridvaniyyih Suleimani's father, Mr Husayn Ouskouli Uskuli (or Uskui) had long resided and conducted a business. Mr and Mrs Suleimani had left Shanghai permanently in 1950 because of the difficult situations for foreigners in China but Mr Ouskouli decided to stay on and won the admiration of the Guardian. He died in Shanghai at the age of 86. [The Taiwan Bahá'í Chronicle by Barbara R. Sims p3]
||Keelung; Taiwan; Shanghai; China
||Knights of Bahaullah; Suleimani, Mr. and Mrs.; Husayn Ouskouli Uskuli
|1956 25 Feb
||Husayn Uskuli, (b. 1875) long-time pioneer to Shanghai from ‘Ishqábád, passed away in Shanghai at the age of 82 and was buried in the Kiangwan Cemetery in Shanghai. [PH29, BW13p871-873]
He had heard about the Faith at the age of 18 from Mírzá Haydar-'Alí. After his marriage he moved to 'Ishqábád where he was very active in the community. After his move to Shanghai his home was the centre of activity and hospitality for all those passing through. He was the only foreign-born Bahá'í to remain in China after the regime change. The xenophobic attitude of the government precluded any meaningful contact with the local citizenry.
He was survived by four daughters and a son.
||Ishqabad; Turkmenistan; Shanghai; China
||Husayn Uskuli; In Memoriam; Births and deaths
|1970. 18 or 20 Mar
||The passing of Hilda Yank Sing Yen Male (b. 29 Nov or 29 Nov 1902, 1904 or 1906 in China, d. Riverdale, Bronx County, New York, USA). She was buried at the Ferncliff Cemetery and Mausoleum, Hartsdale, New York, USA.
In Memoriam. [BW15p476-478]
A note from Mrs. Mildred Mottahedeh. read, in part: "This noble lady played an important role in the development of the Bahá'í Faith in the international field, and it was through her efforts that the Bahá'ís began their work with the United Nations." [BN No 472 July 1970 p2]
For a biography see Wikipedia.
She asked to attend the 1944 Baháʼí Annual convention as an observer and was moved by the spontaneous gestures of welcome and care shown between individuals society normally kept apart. She requested to enroll as a Baháʼí. She then asked to address the convention as a Baháʼí:
"Fellow Baha'is, this is more than a pleasure. It is a miracle that I am participating with you in discussing such important matters. I contacted two denominations and a parliament of religions before I met Julia Goldman, Baha'i, who sowed this seed in my heart. While convalescent from a flying crash, my life was given me for service to God. Julia took me under her wing. I saw God vaguely; then more clearly, through the Baha'i Faith. Then came the battle of Hongkong(sic) where all shared in a common danger and hunger - forced to live the oneness of mankind. At length I secured a priority to fly to America and how do I rejoice to be in this free country! Conferring with Americans I have found this country the best to execute the message of peace. I have been blessed in meeting other Baha'is. I have been deeply impressed by the love and affection among Baha'is. China is well prepared by its sages for the Baha'i Faith. …" [BN No 170 September 1944 p6]
Find a grave.
|Riverdale, NY; China
||Hilda Yen; United Nations; BIC; Bahai International Community; In Memoriam
|1989 25 Jun
||The Universal House of Justice said in a message it was timely for the knowledge of the Bahá'í Faith to be disseminated on the mainland of China as quickly as possible. [PH80]
Also see [SWvol13no7pg185; VV104]
|1990 (In the year)
||The Bádi Foundation was established in Macao through an initial endowment in honour of Badi'u'llah Farid and Shidrokh Amirkia Bagha, who were outstanding examples of dedication, service and self-sacrifice for the well-being of humankind. The fundamental purpose animating the Bádi Foundation has always been to contribute, however modestly, to the spiritual and material progress of China. [Website]
Its projects include:
- Early Childhood Education:
The award winning Hidden Gems Programme, implemented by educational organizations across Asia, includes content in the areas of mathematics, science, and character development for children aged 3 to 6.
- Junior Youth Program:
Drawing on the talents of a group of youth volunteers and working in partnership with a number of local educational institutions, the Moral Empowerment through Language Programme seeks to release the potential of 12-15 year olds to contribute to the transformation of their communities.
- School of the Nations offers education to over 600 students from kindergarten through high school in Macao. The school offers programmes characterized by academic rigor and an integrated approach to the moral and intellectual development of its students.
- The Centre for Continuing Education at School of the Nations offers a range of educational programmes seeking to promote community well-being. Its aim is to provide quality, innovative learning opportunities to a growing number of people, of all ages and backgrounds.
||Social and Economic Development Organizations; Badi Foundation
|1990 31 Mar 31 – 1 Apr
||The first Bahá'í International Chinese Symposium was held in San Francisco, California; it was attended by 362 Bahá'ís from eight countries. [BINS222:6]
||San Francisco; California; United States
||Conferences, Bahai; Conferences, International; Conferences, Other; First conferences; China
|1990 10 Jun
||The Paraguay International Chinese Teaching Symposium, the first of its kind in South America, was held in Asuncion, attended by 80 people from 10 countries. [BINS226:4]
||Asuncion; Paraguay; Latin America
||Conferences, International; Conferences, Bahai; Conferences; China
|1995 30 Aug – 8 Sep
||Some 400-500 Bahá'í women and men from more than 50 countries around the world participated in the NGO Forum on Women at the Fourth United Nations International Conference on Women held in the resort city of Huairou some 50 kilometers north of Beijing.
See One Country Vol 7 Issue 2 for profiles of some of the attendees.
Bahá'í perspectives on equality were also shared with both Conference and Forum participants through distribution of The Greatness Which Might Be Theirs , a collection of Bahá'í International Community statements and essays by Bahá'ís reflecting on the Agenda and Platform for Action. The booklet's title is drawn from the words of `Abdu'l-Bahá: "As long as women are prevented from attaining their highest possibility, so long will men be unable to achieve the greatness which might be theirs."
See Towards the Goal of Full Partnership: One Hundred and Fifty Years of the Advancement of Women by Ann Boyles written in anticipation of the conference. It is a survey of the Bahá’í community's efforts to understand and practice the principle of equality between men and women. [BW93-94p237-275]
||Beijing; China; Huairou, China
||United Nations; Women; Baha'i International Community; BIC statements
|1995. 4 - 15 Sep
|| Fourth World Conference on Women was held at the Beijing International Conference Centre. It was one of the largest international meetings ever convened under United Nations auspices, some 17,000 people were registered including 5,000 delegates from 189 states and the European Union, 4,000 NGO representatives, and more than 3,200 members of the media. [BW95-96p151-158]
See Equality, Development, and Peace: Baha'is and the United Nations Fourth World Conference on Women and NGO Forum. [BW95-96p145-158]
The conference was called by the United Nations to review progress made toward implementation of the "Forward-looking Strategies for the Advancement of Women" adopted at the Third World Conference in Nairobi in 1985.
Seven Bahá'í delegations were accredited to the conference: the Bahá'í International Community, the National Spiritual Assembly of the Bahá'ís of the United States, the Bahá'í community of the Netherlands, the Bahá'í community of Canada, l' Association Bahá'íe de Femmes (France), l' Association médicale Bahá'íe (France), and the National Bahá'í Office for the Advancement of Women (Nigeria).
By the end of the conference it was determined that much remains to be done, and a Declaration and Platform for Action was adopted aimed at launching a global campaign to bring women into full and equal participation in all spheres of public and private life worldwide. The Platform addressed twelve critical areas of concern: poverty, education, health, violence, armed conflict, economic structures, power sharing and decision-making, mechanisms to promote the advancement of women, human rights, the media, the environment, and the girl child.
The Greatness Which Might Be Theirs: Protection of Women's Rights
The BIC distributed the statement The Role of Religion in Promoting the Advancement of Women.
The Bahá'í International Community and
and the parallel Non-Governmental Organization Forum,
In year 2000, the follow-up documant for the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action entitled Beijing +5 Political Declaration and Outcome which reviewed progress towards the Platform for Action five years after its adoption.
||United Nations; Baha'i International Community; Women; BIC statements