This article was published in Iranian Refugees and Exiles Since Khomeini (edited by Asghar Fathi, Department of Sociology, University of Calgary), Mazda Publishers, Costa Mesa, California, 1991, pp. 21-36. The layout is as in the book. This article has been scanned and may contained errors due to the process of scanning and optical character recognition. Mirrored with permission from www.momen.org/contents.htm.