Bahá'í Library Online
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Articles / papers, unpublished
sorted by title, all languages []

Unpublished academic articles. See also published articles and non-academic essays / short articles.
  1. 'Abdu'l-Baha Writes to Kansas City, by Duane L. Herrmann (2002). Early history of the Baha'i Faith in the Kansas City Metropolitan Area, from 1896 to 1919 and beyond. Includes three new provisional translations. [about]
  2. 'Abdu'l-Baha: A Biblical Figure?, by Combiz Nuri (2009). Biblical prophecies that could relate to Abdu'l-Baha and the Seventh Angel of the Apocalypse, and the nature of the Covenant. [about]
  3. Achieving Planetary Consciousness: Reality, Reason, and Revelation, by William S. Hatcher (2008). [about]
  4. Apuntes sobre los Sabeanos, by Badi Villar Cardenas, in La Pluma del Conocimiento, 1 (2001). Este articulo explora las fuentes bahá'ís en la Escritura Sagrada y la literatura bahá'í secundaria sobre el Sabeanismo y sus posibles orígenes. [about]
  5. Arabic Grammar of the Bab, The, by William F. McCants (2002). Muslim detractors of the Bab have often criticized his grammar. Did the Bab make grammatical errors due to a poor knowledge of the language, or did he intentionally coin a new grammar? [about]
  6. Archeology of the Kingdom of God, The, by Jean-Marc Lepain (2015). Analysis of the spiritual worlds as depicted in philosophical and religious texts, from ancient the Greek to Jewish, Christian and Muslim thought, contrasted with the theosophy, metaphysics, anthropology, and hermeneutics of Baha'u'llah and 'Abdu'l-Baha. [about]
  7. Babi Heroism and the Recovery of the Heroic, by Jack McLean (2009). In defining the three ages of Bábí-Bahá’í history, Shoghi Effendi named the first the Heroic Age, thus aligning the virtue of heroism and the Bahá’í Faith’s metaphor of historical time, with The Bab as the tragic hero. [about]
  8. Babi Martyrs, Some, by John Walbridge, in Essays and Notes on Babi and Bahá'í History (2002). Includes bios of Shaykh Salih Karimi, Mulla Abd al-Karim Qazvini, the Farhadis of Qazvin, the Seven Martyrs of Tehran, and others. [about]
  9. Bahá'í Bhajans: An example of the Bahá'í Use of Hindu Symbols, by William Garlington, in Occasional Papers in Shaykhi, Babi and Bahá'í Studies, 2:1 (1998). [about]
  10. Bahá'í Church of Calabar, West Africa, The: The Problem of Levels in Religious History, by Anthony Lee, in Occasional Papers in Shaykhi, Babi and Baha'i Studies, 1:6 (1997). [about]
  11. Bahá'í Proselytization in Malwa, India, by William Garlington, in Occasional Papers in Shaykhi, Babi and Bahá'í Studies, 5:2 (2001). [about]
  12. Bahá'í Writings, Philosophy and Environment, by Ian Kluge (2009). Philosophy is one of the most under-utilized resources in the quest for an improved psycho-spiritual environment and an improved relationship to the natural world. [about]
  13. Bahá'í and Subud Dissent: Developments in the 2000s, by Bei Dawai (2011). Overview by a non-Baha'i on dissident movements, ex-Baha'is, and contemporary ideological debates. [about]
  14. Bahá'í Approach to Cosmopolitan Ideas in International Relations, The, by Nalinie Mooten (2006). A Bahá’í approach to the cosmopolitan tradition in International Relations theory, and what contributions the Bahá’í model can offer to this growing tradition. [about]
  15. Bahá'í Communities in the Asia-Pacific: Performing Common Theology and Cultural Diversity on a 'Spiritual Axis', by Graham Hassall and William Barnes (1998). [about]
  16. Bahá'í Epistemology, by Peter Terry (2004). Statements of Abdu'l-Baha on the four modes of knowledge: sense perception, reason, tradition, and inspiration. All must defer to the divine standard. [about]
  17. Bahá'í Faith: Prophecy and Conversion, by Brian J. Mistler (2001). Results of a field study of Baha'is in the United States and Australia which demonstrate that family connections and social teachings are greater incentives to conversion than prophecy is. [about]
  18. Bahá'í Faith and Science Fiction, The, by Lavie Tidhar, in Internet Review of Science Fiction (2004). [about]
  19. Baha'i Faith and the Western Esoteric Tradition, The, by Lil Osborn (2015). The importance of individuals seeped in the mystical, the occult, and esoteric to the early 20th-century creation of Baha'i perspectives on modernity and mysticism. [about]
  20. Bahá'í Faith in Hong Kong, by Graham Hassall (1998). Extensive and detailed overview of the history of the Baha'i community in Hong Kong. [about]
  21. Bahá'í Faith in India, The: A Developmental Stage Approach, by William Garlington, in Occasional Papers in Shaykhi, Babi and Bahá'í Studies, 2 (1997). [about]
  22. Bahá'í Faith in Iran, The, by John Walbridge, in Essays and Notes on Babi and Bahá'í History (2002). Includes essay "Three Clerics and a Prince of Isfahan: background to Bahá'u'lláh's Epistle to the Son of the Wolf" and bios of Ayatollah Khomeini and Zill al-Sultan. [about]
  23. Bahá'í Faith in Tasmania 1923-1963, by Graham Hassall, in The Family: Our Hopes and Challenges (1995). Early history of the Baha'i community of Tasmania. [about]
  24. Bahá'í Faith in Turkey, The, by John Walbridge, in Essays and Notes on Babi and Bahá'í History (2002). Includes bios of individuals from Turkey who figure prominently in Baha'i history. [about]
  25. Bahá'í Hermeneutics: An Academic and Primary Source Inquiry, by Peter Terry (2009). An exploration of the practice of scriptural interpretation by contrasting the "normative" approaches of the Central Figures with contemporary scholastic approaches by Juan Cole, Christopher Buck, Dann May, Michael Sours, Jack McLean, and Sen McGlinn. [about]
  26. Bahá'í Life and Existentialism, by Jack McLean (2008). The role of passion in the search for truth; existence and essence in living-in-the-world; epiphany and experiences of spiritual crisis; return to a belief in the soul; existentialism in sacred Bahá’í history; Bahá’u’lláh’s theology of the self. [about]
  27. Bahá'í Perspective on International Human Rights Law, A, by Brian D. Lepard (2013). Overview of the evolution of modern "secular" systems of international human rights law and their limitations, principles in the Bahá’í Writings relevant to such laws, and implications of these principles for reform of the contemporary legal order. [about]
  28. Bahá'í Spirituality, by Moojan Momen (1997). [about]
  29. Bahá'ís of the United States, The, by Robert Stockman, in New Religions (1995). [about]
  30. Bibliographie des ouvrages de langue française mentionnant les religions babie ou baha'ie (1844-1944), in Occasional Papers in Shaykhi, Babi and Bahá'í Studies, 3 (1997). Bibliography of French works mentioning the Babi or Baha'i Religions, 1844-1944. [about]
  31. Bioprospecting and Indigenous Knowledge in Australia: Implications of Valuing Indigenous Spiritual Knowledge, by John Hunter and Chris Jones (2006). Co-authored/painted paper by Aboriginal and 'Western' authors primarily focusing on spiritual issues in law. [about]
  32. Black Pearls: The African Household Slaves of a Nineteenth Century Iranian Merchant Family, by R. Jackson Armstrong-Ingram (2003). The African slave trade to Iran in the 1800s, and the lives of household slaves of one specific merchant family from Shiraz, that of The Báb, as described in the narrative of Abu'l-Qasim Afnan. [about]
  33. Black Roses in Canada's Mosaic: Four Decades of Black History, by Will C. van den Hoonaard and Lynn Echevarria-Howe (1994). Survey of African-Americans in Canada, their activities in the Baha'i community, and statistical information. [about]
  34. Bridge over Troubled Waters: The City of Haifa in Lavie Tidhar's Stories, by Ehud Maimon, in Strange Horizons (2012). Brief mentions of the temple of the Bab and the terraces, and the place of Haifa and Mt. Carmel in some contemporary Israeli fiction. Includes photos. [about]
  35. Brief Analysis of the features of Bábí Resistance at Sheikh Tabarsi, by Sepehr Manuchehri (1998). [about]
  36. Brief History of the Bahá'í Faith (1996). Chronology of Baha'i history from 1844 to 1996. [about]
  37. Brief Introduction to Millennial Zeal in the Nineteenth Century, A, by Chris Manvell and Carolyn Sparey-Gillies (1997). [about]
  38. Broad Contours of the Canadian Baha'i Community, by Will C. van den Hoonaard and Deborah K. van den Hoonaard (1994). Historical and sociological overview of the Canadian Baha'i community. [about]
  39. Buddy, Can You Spare a Paradigm?: The Bahá'í Faith and the New Age Movement, by Paul Doden hoff (1999). [about]
  40. Búsqueda de la Santidad, La, by Walter Velasquez, in La Pluma del Conocimiento, 1 (2001). ¿Es fácil ser un santo?, cada uno tiene la respuesta, pero no podemos negar que es un reto emocionante y a la vez necesario si queremos transformar y mejorar el mundo. [about]
  41. Change of Culture, A, by Moojan Momen (2007). An overview of the process of cultural change in the Baha'i community. [about]
  42. Chaos as Metaphor for the Study of Social Processes in the Postmodern World: A Baha'i Illustration, by Will C. van den Hoonaard and William W. Hackborn (1997). How ideas drawn from the study of chaos theory can be used to describe some aspects of a social environment. [about]
  43. Characterization in the Writings of Shoghi Effendi: With Special Attention to Yahya, by Jack McLean (2000). The Guardian employed a creative literary device of adding moralistic comment about historical figures, such as kings and clerics, casting them as "heroes" or "villains." Mirza Yahya is depicted with aspects of the demonic. [about]
  44. Chasm of Belief, by Barbara L. McLellan (1996). Post traumatic stress disorder, its challenge to the Baha'i community, and steps which may assist the community to face this issue. [about]
  45. Christianity from a Bahá'í Perspective, by Robert Stockman (1998). Includes two topics: "A Baha'i approach to the Bible" and "Baha'i Writings on Jesus Christ." [about]
  46. Church and State in the World Order of Baha'u'llah, by Sen McGlinn (1994). The concept of theocracy as it applies to the Baha'i model of government. [about]
  47. Clay into Crystal: How Thought Shapes Structure in the Pursuit of Justice, by Holly Hanson (2001). Explores the concept that social structures emerge out of patterns of thought, illustrated with the history of political transformation in Uganda, of economies in Europe, of the academy. [about]
  48. Coincidentia Oppositorum in the Qayyum al-Asma: The terms "Point" (nuqta), "Pole" (qutb), "Center" (markaz) and the Khutbat al-tatanjiya, by Todd Lawson, in Occasional Papers in Shaykhi, Babi and Bahá'í Studies (2001). [about]
  49. Common Language for Postmodern Political Theologies, A, by Sen McGlinn (2006). Delivered to the Society for the Study of Theology 2006 Annual Conference, 3-6 April 2006. [about]
  50. Common Threads: A Theory and Practice of Community Development, by John W. Suggs, Jr. and Lin Deahl-Coy (1999). Results of a sociological study designed "to teach practical skills of love, support and belonging." [about]
  51. Communicative Interaction: Relating Habermasian Universalism to Baha'i Consultation, by Jonah Winters (1996). The philosophy of Jurgen Habermas has been influential in formulating definitions of morality. These theories are similar to the unique use by Baha'is of "consultation" as a tool for creating civil societies and nonrepressive moral codes. [about]
  52. Comparison of God and Soul Concepts from a Bahá'í and Hindu Point of View: Conceptions and Experiences of the Afterlife, by Diane Robinson Kerr (2014). Common ground between Hinduism’s Brahman and the Baha'i conception of God, and the complex understanding they propose of the soul and Atman. [about]
  53. Comparison of the concepts of Prophet and Messenger in Islam and Manifestation in the Baha'i Faith, by Richard Ater (1997). Analytical overview of the theology of prophethood in both religions. [about]
  54. Consultation in the Quest for World Peace, by Roger Coe (1987). The Universal House of Justice in Promise of World Peace advised that Baha'is conduct their affairs utilizing a system of "commonly accepted consultative principles". This is a brief but comprehensive study of that system. Includes audio version. [about]
  55. Contemporary developments in Baha'i studies: An examination using citation analysis, by Seena Fazel, in H-Baha'i Occasional Papers in Shaykhi, Babi and Baha'i Studies, 7:1 (2003). Investigation of contemporary developments using the technique of citation analysis, a widely used method to report trends in academia. [about]
  56. Continuities and Discontinuities in Islamic Perspectives on Cultural Diversity, by Sulayman S. Nyang (1999). Contains only brief mention of Baha'is, but discusses the Iranian Revolution and related topics. [about]
  57. Conversion Movements within Hindu Village Culture, by Susan Maneck (1997). Hindu, Christian, and Baha'i conversion patterns in India. [about]
  58. Conversion, Transformation, and Sacrifice in the Revelation of The Bab, by Peter Ashelman (2001). Hermeneutics in early Babi/Baha'i history and its relationship to conversion, and the historical evolution of the world Bahá’í community since its origins. [about]
  59. Correlating Mystical Experience to the Knowledge of God, by Jack McLean (2000). Mysticism, "the experience of God," and theology, "the knowledge of God," are both expressions of one symbiosis. This paper characterizes mysticism, debunks objections to it, and explores a Baha'i context through the Four and Seven Valleys. [about]
  60. Course on Bahá'í Symbolism, by Ernesto Fernandez (2013). Symbolic forms in the Writings and Baha'i architectural systems, and their analogues in universal religious symbolism. Includes Spanish translation, "Curso de simbología bahá ́í." [about]
  61. Covenant, The: Brit Olam, by Peter Terry (1997). The concept of covenant is found in the Bible, the Qur'an, and Baha'i writings. Using the form of an inter-religious dialogue, this paper correlates references to covenant in four religions, demonstrating the distinctive characteristics of each. [about]
  62. Critical Examination of 20th-Century Baha'i Literature, A, by Vance Salisbury (1997). Explores the claim, first made by E. G. Browne, that some Baha'is suppress or distort historical texts. Includes tables of changes made in different editions of four popular Baha'i books. [about]
  63. Czar Alexandre II: Breve apontamento biográfico e a sua relação com a religião Bahá'í, by Marco Oliveira (2007). Breve resumo histórico da vida do Czar Alexandre II; a relação da Russia com os Baha'is e a Epistola de Baha'u'llah a Czar. Short description of the life of Tzar Alexander II, Russia, and the Tablet of Baha'u'llah to the Tzar. [about]
  64. Deconstructing and Reconstructing the Shari'a: Babi and Baha'i Solutions to the Problem of Immutability, by Denis MacEoin (1997). Ways in which the Bab and Baha'u'llah adopted and changed the Islamic shari`a in their own, new codes of law. [about]
  65. Development of the Bahá'í Faith in Malwa, The: 1941-1974, by William Garlington, in Occasional Papers in Shaykhi, Babi and Bahá'í Studies, 3:1 (1999). A socio-cultural examination of Bahá'í mass teaching as experienced in Central India. [about]
  66. Dialogue on Infallibility: A response to Udo Schaefer's 'Infallible Institutions?', by Peter Terry (2006). An extended review of the themes first published in Schaefer's Making the Crooked Straight, presented in the form of a dialogue. Part of this paper was delivered at the Association for Bahá’í Studies conference in 2006. [about]
  67. Did Prophecy Fail? The Lesser Peace and the Year 2000, by Jack McLean (2003). Prior to the 2010s, there was widespread belief in the Bahá'í community that the Lesser Peace would be established by the year 2000, following some catastrophic event. Yet the Scriptures do not make this claim. Prophecy is interpreted in retrospect. [about]
  68. Dimensions in Spirituality, by Jack McLean (1995). A summary of some concepts found in the book Dimensions in Spirituality: care of the soul, wisdom, prophetic faith, value of life tests, and creating a spiritual society. [about]
  69. Disconnected Letters of the Qur'an and the Significance of the Number Nineteen, by Robert T. Cameron (1997). Critique of Rashad Khalifa's (disputed) study purporting to find a "deep structure" of 19 in the Qur'an. [about]
  70. Document and Narrative Sources for the History of the Battle of Zanjan, by John Walbridge, in Occasional Papers in Shaykhi, Babi and Baha'i Studies, 2:4 (1998). Analysis of Muslim and Baha'i historical texts, including Dawnbreakers. [about]
  71. Documento de reflexión: Alvin Toffler y su visión del futuro, by Farshad Esmailian, in La Pluma del Conocimiento, 1 (2001). El presente documento de reflexión examina algunas obras del futurista Alvin Toffler como "La tercera ola" y "La creación de una nueva civilización" donde el autor identifica ciertos rasgos de una nueva civilización que está surgiendo en el mundo. [about]
  72. Early History of the Bahá'í Community in Boston, Massachusetts, by Anise Rideout. Overview of history 1900-1940. Includes early translations of some 2-dozen tablets of Abdu'l-Baha. [about]
  73. El Monte Carmelo y el Nombre Oculto: Mount Carmel and the Hidden Name, by Ernesto Fernandez (2013). Relationship between Mount Carmel and the Greatest Name and their symbolic meanings in the Baha'i Faith. [about]
  74. Elements of Immortality: A Nexus of Proofs by 'Abdu'l-Bahá in Some Answered Questions, by James B. Thomas. This paper approaches the mystery of immortality in four steps that are based on objective reasoning by ‘Abdu’l-Bahá: the spirit of man; immortality of the spirit; proof with respect to progress after death; entrance into the Kingdom of God. [about]
  75. Epistemological Views of ‘Abdu'l-Baha, by Mikhael Sergeev (2009). A comprehensive reconstruction of Abdu’l-Bahá's epistemological views that are scattered throughout many of his writings and utterances. [about]
  76. Epístola de Maqsúd: Introdução ao estudo da Epístola de Maqsud, by Marco Oliveira (2005). A Epistola de Maqsud é uma das mais citadas epistolas de Baha'u'llah.Este texto pretende encorajar o estudo desta obra do Fundador da Religião Baha'i. [about]
  77. Erotic Imagery in the Allegorical Writings of Baha'u'llah, by John Walbridge (1997). Mystical symbolism in early Baha'i poetry. [about]
  78. Essays on Jesus and the New Testament, by Peter Terry (2015). Scripture and progressive revelation, canonization of the Bible, teachings of the New Testament, Baha'i interpretations of the Bible, Apostles of Jesus, and prophecies of Jesus and their fulfilment. [about]
  79. Exploration of the Ridvan 2010 Message, An, by Sana Rezai (2010). Six common elements of Plan letters by the Guardian and the Universal House of Justice (praise, analysis, directives, reminder of fundamentals, guidance, encouragement), statistically analyzed by word counts. [about]
  80. Extraordinary Life and Work of Robert Felkin, Bahá'í Mage, The, by Lil Osborn (2012). Felkin was a physician, missionary, a Baha'i — and a Golden Dawn "magician" searching for esoteric truths. [about]
  81. Extraordinary Life and Work of Wellesley Tudor Pole, The: Baha'i Seer, by Lil Osborn (2013). On the role of Baha'i beliefs in the life and spiritual quest of Tudor Pole. [about]
  82. Family Law in Iran, by Sen McGlinn (2001). Detailed overview of 20th-century Iranian laws regarding marriage, divorce, marriage rights and duties, dowry, and inheritance. Contains passing mentions of the Baha'i Faith. [about]
  83. Finishing the Work: `Abdu'l-Bahá in Dublin, New Hampshire, 1912, by Phillip E. Tussing (2007). Overview of Abdu'l-Bahá's three-week visit to a small town in northeast United States. [about]
  84. Footnotes to Baha'i Studies and its Methodology, Some, by Udo Schaefer (2000). [about]
  85. Forging the Divine Economy, by Justin Scoggin (2002). Advancing the establishment of Bahá'u'lláh's divine economy through the operation of community currency. [about]
  86. FUNDAEC and Fragmentation, by Thaddeus Benjamin Herman (2014). The Foundation for the Application and Teaching of the Sciences, with a conceptual framework inspired by Bahá’í principles that views reality as essentially spiritual, can address the fragmentation of unity. [about]
  87. Global Dilemmas, Local Responses: Creating Patterns of Action that Make the World Different, by Holly Hanson (2000). Globalization through the metaphor of the world as a body: as a diseased body, as a beautiful but dead body, and of political and social institutions as a growing body. [about]
  88. Good Tree, The: Distinguishing the Bahá'í Faith From Destructive Cults, by Stephen Vaccaro (1996). Examination of some fundamental characteristics of a cult, to determine whether or not the Baha'i Faith can be so defined. [about]
  89. Guardianship and the House of Justice, by Sen McGlinn (1997). [about]
  90. Heroic in the Historical Writings of Shoghi Effendi and Nabil, The, by Jack McLean (2006). Unlike academic historians, Shoghi Effendi and Nabil interpret the events and characters they portray in moralistic terms. This paper explores the heroic motif through a literary framework in the model of Thomas Carlyle's concept of the prophet as hero. [about]
  91. High-Performance Organization, The: An Assessment of Virtues and Values, by Lawrence M. Miller (2001). How a people-centered organization can enhance competitiveness and job satisfaction. [about]
  92. Historia de la Religión desde la Perspectiva Bahá'í, by Alessandro Bausani (2003). [about]
  93. Historical Account of Two Indian Babis: Sa'en Hindi and Sayyid Basir Hindi, by Sepehr Manuchehri (2001). Includes translated excerpts from a number of Persian sources on these two individuals. [about]
  94. How to get out of it: Faná' and baqá' in the Early Writings of Baha'u'llah, by Alison Marshall (1999). Annihilation and the self in the Hidden Words and the Seven Valleys and the Four Valleys. [about]
  95. Human Evolution: Directed?, by Fariborz Alan Davoodi (2001). Overview of contemporary biological theories of evolution and some of their failings in the face of a philosophy of evolution guided by God; includes details on photosynthesis, glycolysis, and geological time [about]
  96. Illuminator vs. Redeemer: Was Ebionite Adam/Christ Prophetology "Original," Anti-Pauline, or "Gnostic"?, by Christopher Buck (1982). Contains no mention of the Baha'i Faith, but is of interest because of the phenomenological resonance between the Ebionite Christian doctrine of the "True Prophet" with the Bahá’í doctrine of the “Manifestation of God.” [about]
  97. Inheritance Laws of the Kitab-i-Aqdas, by Sen McGlinn (1995). [about]
  98. Integral Religion: Uniting Eros and Logos, by Daniel Araya (2003). Consideration of the potential realization of an integral religion, in light of Baha'i teachings and the thought of Ken Wilbur. [about]
  99. Intelligent Life in the Universe and Exotheology in Christianity and the Bahá'í Writings, by Duane Troxel (1996). Theological statements on extraterrestrial life in Christian and Baha'i texts, and in the work of Giordano Bruno and Galileo. [about]
  100. Introduction to the History and Culture of Iran, An, by John Walbridge, in Essays and Notes on Babi and Bahá'í History (2002). [about]
  101. Investigating Spiritualization: Noticing, Processing and the Function of Time, by Sandra S. Fotos and Lynne Hansen (1995). surveys and analysis of the personal adoption of virtues among Mormons and Baha'is. [about]
  102. Islam and the Bahá'í Faith, by Abir Majid (2004). Comprehensive overview of the relationship between the Baha'i Faith and Islam, and background on Islam for Baha'is. Includes outline of Baha'i principles and history, "An Introduction to the Bahá'í Faith." [about]
  103. Jewish Conversion to the Bahá'í Faith, by Moshe Sharon. [about]
  104. John the Baptist and Baha'i Prophetic Categories: An Atypical Paradigm, by Jack McLean (2013). Comparative Jewish-Christian-Islamic-Baha’i study of the prophetic station of the prophet John the Baptist, who occupies a theological status between "minor" and "major" prophet. Includes history of the present-day Sabean-Mandean Baptists in Iraq. [about]
  105. Just War from the Bahá'í Perspective, by Vargha Taefi (2006). A Baha'i view is that the individual's will is subordinate to society's will. Comparison of this attitude with contemporary international political theory, and on justifying war as "humanitarian intervention." [about]
  106. Justice, Fairness and the Meekness of God, by Susan Maneck (1999). How the concepts of justice and fairness relate to the responsibilities laid upon the rulers, whether Baha'i or civil, and especially as related to the Learned, be they clerics, scholars, or members of the Institutions. [about]
  107. Kitab-i-Iqan: Key to Unsealing the Mysteries of the Holy Bible, by Brent Poirier (1998). Examination of the Bible in light of interpretations of its symbolism offered by Baha'u'llah's Kitab-i-Iqan. [about]
  108. Law of the Land and the State of the Soul, The: Analyzing Theoretical Frameworks of Bahá'í and Islamic Law Within and Beyond the Nation-State, by Moussa Z. Traore (2012). Details, laws, and constitution of the Baha'i system which, analogous to the United Nations or a Supreme Court, presents a legal framework for a non-State governance structure at the international level. [about]
  109. Leo Tolstoy and Ameen Rihani: The Interaction Between Two Creative Worlds, by Mikhail Rodionov (2002). Mentions of the "favorable attitude" to the Baha'i Faith held by Tolstoy and by Ameen Rihani. [about]
  110. Literary Criticism, Theology and Deconstructionism, by Jack McLean (2001). A dynamic tension exists between literary criticism and theology as distinct but mutually beneficial forms of discourse, which can enrich Baha'i Studies by deepening exegesis and by correlating Baha'i teachings with progressive movements. [about]
  111. Locke, Shock, and Abbott: Baha'i Theology and the Acceleration of the African American Civil Rights Movement, by Guy Emerson Mount (2010). African American responses to Abdu'l-Baha's 1912 visit to America, Abdu'l Baha's teachings among prominent African American leaders, and the nature of the 'Black Church' during the wider 'Progressive Era' of Jim Crow segregation. [about]
  112. Loyalty to the Covenant and Critical Thought, by Udo Schaefer (2001). A commentary for Bahá’ís examining the balance of critical thought with loyalty to Bahá’í institutions. [about]
  113. Maintaining Minority Beliefs in an Indifferent Workplace, by Deborah Clark Vance (2003). [about]
  114. Man: The Crown of Creation or Its Destroyer?, by Udo Schaefer (2001). [about]
  115. Many Messengers of God, A Native American Perspective: Deganawidah The Peacemaker, by Paula Bidwell (2011). Collection and analysis of proofs from the Baha'i Writings about prophets from indigenous cultures. Includes illustrated slide-show presentation of the paper. [about]
  116. Marking Boundaries, Marking Time: The Iranian Past and the Construction of the Self by Qajar Thinkers, by Juan Cole (1995). [about]
  117. Martyrdom in Jihad, by Jonah Winters (1997). Unlike Judeo-Christianity, Islam does not contain a core of martyrdom. Rather, it occurs in three disparate areas: war/jihad, asceticism, and Shi'ism. I examine the relationship between jihad and martyrdom and their classical and contemporary meanings. [about]
  118. Mary Magdalene: Lioness of God in the Bahai Faith, by Lil Osborn (2013). On the symbolic role of Mary Magdalene in the Baha’i tradition as a female archetype in the context of the doctrine of "return," and thus linked to the poet Tahirih, heroine of the Babi-Baha’i dispensation. [about]
  119. Meaning of Baha'i History, The, by Moshe Sharon (1999). [about]
  120. Memoirs of Count Dolgorukov, by Moshe Sharon. [about]
  121. Memories of Hájí Muhammad Nayrízi, by Haji Muhammad Nayrizi (1999). A short account of events in the 1853 Nayriz uprising. [about]
  122. Military Metaphor in Bahá'í Sacred Literature, The, by Jack McLean (2005). Martial symbology is common in the Baha'i Writings, especially those of Shoghi Effendi, yet the Writings are expressly pacifistic. This article examines the apparent contradiction. [about]
  123. Miscellaneous historical and doctrinal topics, by John Walbridge, in Essays and Notes on Babi and Bahá'í History (2002). "Seven Proofs," "Lawh-i-Aqdas," Islamic vs. Baha'i philosophy; Dreams; Greek philosophers and the Jews; Dreams; Evolution; RMS Titanic [about]
  124. Moisés: Uma breve perspectiva sobre a figura de Moisés nas Escrituras Baha'is, by Marco Oliveira (2006). No âmbito de um estudo mais amplo sobre o Kitab-i-Iqan, foi feita uma breve análise sobre o fundador do Judaismo e a forma como as Escrituras Baha'is abordam a Sua Vida e Ensinamentos. Este texto foi inicialmente publicado no blog Povo de Bahá. [about]
  125. Moral Leadership, by Eloy Anello (2001). [about]
  126. Myanmar: History of the Bahá'í Faith, by Rose Ong and Chek Woo Foo (2008). Text and photos of the history of Baha'i activities in Burma and Myanmar, 1878-1995. [about]
  127. Mystic's Flight, The: The Parable of Majnún and Laylí, by Jack McLean (2001). This classic love tale of the Middle East, quoted by Baha'u'llah in the Seven Valleys, is prized by Sufi mystics as a spiritual allegory of the soul's search for union with God. A literary-critical analysis of the text yields theological clues. [about]
  128. Neo-Platonism: Framework for a Bahá'í Ontology, by Mark A. Foster (1995). Ways to approach the language of philosophical symbolism in the Baha'i teachings. [about]
  129. Neoplatonism: Framework for a Bahá'í Metaphysics, by Nima Hazini (1995). [about]
  130. New Atheism, The: A Bahá'í Perspective, by Ian Kluge, in Lights of Irfan, 13 (2009). Logically and philosophically speaking, the works of the "new atheists" are deeply flawed and are often in disagreement with the Bahá’í Writings – though on a number of issues there are points of agreement. [about]
  131. New Work Ethic, A, by Dale Emerson (2001). [about]
  132. Notes on Islam from a Bahá'í Perspective, by Robert Stockman (1998). Overview of Islamic history and teachings and brief notes on Islam and the Baha'i Faith. [about]
  133. Notes on Judaism from a Bahá'í Perspective, by Robert Stockman (1998). Overview of Judaism with many comments on Baha'i teachings on Jewish history and prophets; includes chronology of Judaism. [about]
  134. Notes on The Báb, Some, by Robert Stockman (1998). Brief overview of sources on the Babi period, the Bab's history, and his writings. [about]
  135. Novelty in Ayyám-i-Há and the Badí Calendar, by John Taylor (2000). The place of calendars in a religion, and the meaning of the Badi calendar for Baha'is. [about]
  136. Nuqtat al-Kaf and the Babi Chronicle Traditions, by Juan Cole, in Research Notes in Shaykhi, Babi and Bahá'í Studies, 2:6 (1998). History of the writing of this early Babi historical text, and some recent interpretations of its history. [about]
  137. Organizing Digital Collections: The Case of the Baha'i Academics Resource Library, by Dharlene Valeda (2001). Library Science analysis of the Baha'i Library's content and architecture, observations about online information retrieval, and ways to structure digital libraries. [about]
  138. Origins of Shi'ism: A Consensus of Western Scholarship, by Jonah Winters (1996). Shi'ism, representing about 10% of the umma, is often regarded as illegitimate by the majority Sunnis. Using Western historiographical methods, I examine three key events occuring during the life of Muhammad that are used to legitimize Shi'i origins. [about]
  139. Overture to Universal Peace: An exposition based on the talk by 'Abdu'l-Bahá, New York City, December 4, 1912, by James B. Thomas (2011). Philosophical perspectives on the nature of purpose vs. chance, the fallacy of accidental divinity, inner and outer reality, the nature of ignorance, and the inevitability of universal peace. [about]
  140. Parallels Between Islamic and Baha'i laws and Constitutional Principles, by Afshin A. Khavari (1998). The roles of Sunnah, Hadith, and Ijtihad in Islamic constitutional law, and the development of the Baha'i legal order and its unique approach to law-making. [about]
  141. Persian Bahá'í Women in the United States – Do They Feel Freer?, by Deborah Clark Vance (2003). [about]
  142. Persian Bayán: Summary and Thematic Analysis, by Peter Terry (2015). A detailed overview of this lengthy text of The Báb, which outlines elements of Bábí law, discussion of religious concepts, and the glorification of "He whom God shall make manifest." [about]
  143. Philosophical and Religious Contributions to the Emergence of Human Rights: The Bahá'í Perspective, by Dan Wheatley (2012). While some forms of religious extremism are contemptuous of human rights, and human rights are sometimes considered a contemporary secular religion, Baha'is believe that religious faith and human rights are more synergistic. [about]
  144. Proceso de la creación artística, El: Una manifestación espiritual, by David Cerpa Alba, in La Pluma del Conocimiento, 1 (2001). La dinámica de la creación artística representa en todos los tiempos un vivo retrato de las aspiraciones espirituales que motivan a las personas. Este ensayo explora las fenomenológica de este proceso. [about]
  145. Promises to Keep: Thoughts on an Emerging Bahá'í Theology, by Jack McLean (1995). A nascent Bahá'í systemic theology must have certain parameters, including spirituality, the prophetic tradition, and the "truth claims" neglected by the academic study of religion. [about]
  146. Prophecy of Bahá'u'lláh, The: A Backward Bending Supply Curve Theorem, by Sathia Varqa (2006). The fates of some of the dictators to whom Bahá'u'lláh addressed his tablets, and the choices and constraints facing a political dictator in pursuing the objective of maximizing power. [about]
  147. Prophet in Modern Times, A, by Peter Terry (2008). Partial translation of A.L.M. Nicolas' Seyyed Ali Mohammed dit le Bab, with extensive notes and explanations. [about]
  148. Propositions on a More Comprehensive Theology, by Jack McLean (1995). Implications of theology for science and creativity, religious language, proclamation, apologetics, the existential dimension, the relativity of religious truth, and scholarship. Theology must be a careful science. [about]
  149. Protocols of the Followers of Baha'u'llah: Anti-Bahá'í propaganda in Iran, by Abdu'l-Bab as-Sahyuni (1998). A sympathetic overview by "Freethought Mecca" of persecution of Baha'is, and activities of the Iranian government. [about]
  150. Provisions for Sexuality in the Kitab-i-Aqdas in the Context of Late Nineteenth Century Sexual Ideologies, by R. Jackson Armstrong-Ingram (1996). [about]
  151. Purposes and Objectives of Bahá'í Scholarship, The: Compilation and commentary, by Peter Terry (2009). Three essays on objectives of Bahá'í Scholarship, attaining to the knowledge of God, and the study of philosophy. [about]
  152. Qayyum al-Asma' Sura 93: Chapter of the Bees: A commentary on the Sura of Joseph, "The Best of Stories", by Báb, The. Translation, and lengthy commentary, on the Súratu’l-Nahl. [about]
  153. Question of Gender in Canadian Baha'i History, The, by Will C. van den Hoonaard (1994). The position of Baha'i women in the Canadian community and the extent to which they participated in teaching and administrative activities. [about]
  154. Qur'an and the Apocalyptic Imagination, The, by Todd Lawson (2010). [about]
  155. Quranic Witness to Biblical Authority, The, by Sam Shamoun (1999). Written for a Muslim audience, this article expounds on the Muslim view that the Bible is authentically the Word of God. The article does not mention the Baha'i Faith, but its topic is relevant to Baha'i studies. [about]
  156. Rabindranath Tagore: Some Encounters with Bahá'ís, by Peter Terry (1992). 'Abdu'l-Baha is alleged to have met India's poet laureate Tagore in Chicago in 1912. This article examines the historical sources for that story. [about]
  157. Rationalisation and re-enchantment in Malaysia: Temiar religion 1964-1995, by Geoffrey Benjamin (1996). Extensive discussion of the Baha’i Faith among the Temiars of Malaysia. Link to paper (offsite). [about]
  158. Reason and the Bahá'í Writings: The Use and Misuse of Logic and Persuasion, by Ian Kluge (2001). How to study the Baha'i Writings through the use of logic. [about]
  159. Reconciling the Other: The Bahá'í Faith in America as a Successful Synthesis of Christianity and Islam, by Anthony Lee (1995). [about]
  160. Reconvergence of Theology and Spirituality, The, by Jack McLean (1995). New forms of spirituality lie in the spaces between theological truth, cognition, and psycho-spiritual growth. This paper examines the current interest in spirituality and calls for a common ground of the two domains. [about]
  161. Reflection on the Theory of Alchemy as Explained in the Bahá'í Writings, A, by Keven Brown (2002). [about]
  162. Reflections of a Human Spirit in a Male Body, by William S. Hatcher (2008). Includes discussions of the nature of patriarchy, chauvinism, and feminism. [about]
  163. Reforming the Marja` at-Taqlid: The Baha'i Example, by Linda Walbridge (1997). Shi'i leadership paradigms and the marja` at-taqlid, "clerical exemplar" or "religious guide." [about]
  164. Refutation of Francesco Ficicchia and the Dangers of Silence, The, by Jack McLean (2001). Examination of the prejudice caused to the reputation of the Faith in academic and ecclesiastical circles in German-speaking Europe following the publication of an anti-Baha'i book. [about]
  165. Relativity of Religious Truth, The: Relating to the Absolute, by Jack McLean (2007). History of the relativistic approach to truth, a response to Momen's "Relativism: A Basis for Bahá'í Metaphysics," and inter-faith dialogue. [about]
  166. Religion and Proto-Nationalism: Apelis Mazakmat and 'traces of mild sectarian strife' in New Ireland, by Graham Hassall (2001). [about]
  167. Religions of the World: Divisive or Divine?: A Look at Religious Fundamentalism, by Moojan Momen (2001). [about]
  168. Renacer del Tiempo, El: Los ritmos profundos del calendario y los júbilos misteriosos de Ayyám-i Há, by Ismael Velasco. A Spanish article on the Baha'i (Badi) calendar and the Baha'i festival Ayyam-i-Ha. [about]
  169. Results of Talisman Attitudes Survey, by Eric Hadley-Ives (2000). Detailed analysis of the beliefs and community interactions of participants in the listserver Talisman2 (circa 1999). [about]
  170. Revelation in the Voices of Baha'u'llah, by Alison Marshall (1999). Paper examines how the process of revelation can be understood by examining how ordinary human beings create speech and write, and explores the voices Baha'u'llah uses in six of his mystical works. [about]
  171. Rizal, Revelation and Revolution: Rizal's Letter to the Women of Malolos and Baha'u'llah's letter to Nabil Akbar Lawh-i-Hikmat (Tablet of Wisdom) , by Stephen Ramo (2011). Comparison of letter by Philippine national hero José Rizal to the women of Malolos with Bahá'u'lláh's "Tablet of Wisdom" to Nabil. [about]
  172. Routinization of Charisma?, The: Some Comments on “Motif Messianique et Processus Social dans le Bahaisme”, by Peter Smith, in Occasional Papers in Shaykhi, Babi and Baha'i Studies, 2:6 (1998). Discussion of sociologist Peter Berger and themes from his dissertation "From Sect to Church: A Sociological Interpretation of the Baha'i Movement." [about]
  173. Searching for the Scientific in the Spiritual, by Moshe Sharon. [about]
  174. Seed of Creation: A philosophical approach towards the status of Universal House of Justice in respect to Baha'i concept of creation, by Ahmad Aniss (1998). A philosophical approach towards the status of Universal House of Justice in respect to Baha'i concept of creation. [about]
  175. Self and society: Biography and Autobiography in Baha'i literature, by Graham Hassall (1999). [about]
  176. Seventy Five Years of the Bahá'í Faith in Victoria, Australia, by Graham Hassall (1998). History of the Baha'i community of Victoria, Australia. [about]
  177. Sexuality, Self, and the Shape of Society, by Holly Hanson (2001). Argues that our culture's current understanding of sexuality is relatively new, is materialistic, and ultimately unjust, especially in the highly politicized discourse about homosexuality. [about]
  178. Shaykh Ahmad al-Ahsa'i on the Sources of Religious Authority, by Juan Cole (1993). [about]
  179. Shi'i Qur'an: An Examination of Western Scholarship, by Jonah Winters (1997). In the Kitab-i-Iqan (pp. 84-89) Baha'u'llah rejects the charge that the text of the Bible has been tampered with. Many Shi'is have charged the same, accusing Sunnis of removing the proofs of Ali's appointment as leader of the community from the Qur'an. [about]
  180. Short Introduction to the Bahá'í Faith, A, by Peter Smith (2013). Summary prepared for the Virginia Commonwealth University website on religious movements. Includes short history, doctrines and beliefs, Baha'i practices, issues and challenges, and references. [about]
  181. Social Crises and Their Connections to Global Ecological Problems, by Arthur Lyon Dahl (1994). Global warming and the social roots of environmental problems. [about]
  182. Socio-demographic Characteristics of the Canadian Baha'i Community, by Will C. van den Hoonaard (1991). Statistics and analysis of enrollment and growth patterns. [about]
  183. Some Reflections on Bahá'í Approaches to Social Change, by Roshan Danesh and Lex Musta (2012). The Bahá’í writings foresee social change happening both through engagement in society at large and through the work of building patterns and structures within Bahá’í community life. There should be less emphasis on limiting political participation. [about]
  184. Spiritual Assembly as Arbitrator, The, by John B. Cornell (1997). The function of Spiritual Assemblies in arbitrating disputes among Baha'is, and some historical insight into the development of Baha'i practice. [about]
  185. Spiritual Self in Bahá'í Studies, The, by Jack McLean (2003). Being philosophically informed is particularly important for Bahá'ís who are in dialogue with persons concerned with ethical, epistemological, theological and metaphysical issues. This paper introduces the topic for discussion among Baha'i academics. [about]
  186. Suggestions for Bahá'í Hermeneutics, by Mark A. Foster (1999). Four essays: "Non-Overlapping Magisteria [science, religion, and Stephen Jay Gould]," "Infallibility: Sinlessness and Prophetic Ecology," "The Case of Some Answered Questions [pedagogy and evolution]," and "The Gospel According to Nabíl." [about]
  187. Sustainable Development and Prosperity, by Arthur Lyon Dahl (2001). [about]
  188. Tablet (Lawh) in Bahá'í Usage, by Todd Lawson (2005). Meanings of the common Baha'i terms lawh (tablet), ketáb (book), sahífa (treatise), resála (epistle), etc. [about]
  189. Tablet to Mirza Abu'l-Fadl Concerning the Questions of Manakji Limji Hataria: Baha'u'llah on Hinduism and Zoroastrianism, by Bahá'u'lláh (1995). Introduction to, article about, and translation of the Tablet to Maneckji. [about]
  190. Taqiyyah (Dissimulation) in the Babi and Bahá'í Religions, by Sepehr Manuchehri, in Australian Bahá'í Studies, 2 (2000). The historical application of taqiyyah and instances where Bábís cooperated with the authorities in suppression of their peers, and the attitude of government officials towards these individuals. [about]
  191. Themes of 'The Erotic' in Sufi Mysticism, by Jonah Winters, in Sutra Journal (2017). Mystical writing is replete with symbolism of love and eros, and it can also be found in the mystical poetry of Baha'u'llah. This paper provides background for that topic by surveying the use of themes of the erotic in writings by seven Sufi mystics. [about]
  192. Theological Ethics in a Bahá'í Perspective , by Jack McLean (1996). The Bahá'í writings are a rich source of moral precepts, with a large corpus of ethical statements in the form of laws, directives, exhortations, injunctions, and axioms of moral theology. What would Baha'i divine ethics look like? [about]
  193. Time and the Containment of Evil in Zoroastrianism, by Susan Maneck (1997). Basic beliefs of Zoroastrianism, the concept of time in Zoroastrianism, and Zoroastrianism in a Baha'i context. [about]
  194. Transmission of Cultural Values in Persian Bahá'í Families, The, by Stephen Licata (1997). Includes a survey on cultural values in Persian Bahá’í families. [about]
  195. Triple Bottom Line Reporting, by Robert Rubenstein (2001). Does not mention the Baha'i Faith. [about]
  196. Truth Triumphs: A Bahá'í Response to Misrepresentations of the Bahá'í Teachings and Bahá'í History, by Peter Terry (1999). Rebuttal of Francis Beckwith's thesis "Baha'i, A Christian response to Baha'ism, the religion which aims toward one world government and one common faith." [about]
  197. Understanding and Eliminating Oppression: Baha'i Writings and Social Theory Combined, by Marie Gervais and Tim Heins (2010). The theme of oppression is addressed frequently in the Baha'i Writings. This article examines good/evil and social theory to analyze race, gender, poverty, and ethnicity. [about]
  198. Unhealthy Science, Religion, and Humanities: The Deep Connection and What Bahá'u'lláh Had to Say About It, by Ron House (2000). How the "calamity" mentioned by Baha'u'llah manifests in errors in the scientific method; fundamentalism and unbelief; the philosophy of Descartes, Hume, and Kuhn; and the Big Bang. [about]
  199. Unity in Diversity: Orientations and Strategies for Building a Harmonious Multicultural Society, by Michael Harris Bond (1998). Insights from the discipline of psychology can be used to design societies compatible with the exigencies and opportunities provided by the 21st Century. [about]
  200. Unity is the Law and Purpose of Life: The Case of the Baha'is in Iran, by Elham M. (2001). An account of the persecution of Bahá'ís in Iran and how the Baha'i communities managed to organize in secret, based in part on the author's own personal experiences. [about]
  201. Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the Bahá'í Scriptures, The, by Juan Cole, in Occasional Papers in Shaykhi, Babi and Baha'i Studies, 3:2 (1999). [about]
  202. Use of Generative Imagery in Shoghi Effendi's Dispensation of Baha'u'llah, by R. Jackson Armstrong-Ingram (1998). Examination of metaphors such as "conception," "offspring," and "seed" in some of the Guardian's writings. [about]
  203. Wondrous New Day, A: The Numerology of Creation and 'All Things' in the Badí' Calendar, by Robin Mihrshahi (2004). Symbolism in the Baha'i-era calendar, some Shaykhí origins of the Báb’s cosmology and ontology, and how these Shaykhí concepts find symbolic expression in the structure and organization of the Badí‘ calendar. [about]
  204. World Peace in a Piecemeal World: An exposition on excerpts from the writings of `Abdu'l-Bahá, by James B. Thomas (2008). World peace is a challenge facing mankind that must be clearly identified; remedies are put forth for possible solutions in vanquishing the barriers to peace; both secular and religious underpinnings are proposed to support a universal solution for peace [about]
  205. World We Want, The: Overcoming Barriers to Systematic Action, by Holly Hanson (2001). Explores the process through which humanity can create a peaceful and just world society, as presented in The Secret of Divine Civilization, "The Promise of World Peace," and letters of the Universal House of Justice. [about]
  206. Xá Nasiri'd-dino: Breve relato da sua vida e da Epistola revelada por Baha'u'llah, by Marco Oliveira (2007). Breve resumo da vida deste monarca persa do sec. XIX e sua relação com a religião Baha'i. Short description of Nasiri'd-Din Shah and his relation with the Baha'i Faith. [about]
  207. История Ашхабадского храма бахаи, by Ольга Мехти (2012). Небольшое историческое эссе о строительстве ашхабадского храма бахаи — личные мемуары и исследования автора, с историческими фотографиями Ашхабада XIX-начала XX века. [about]
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