|1919 c. 4 Aug
||Martha Root set foot in South America for the first time, at Para (now Belém), Brazil. [MR93; MRHK44]
See MR93-100 and MRHK44-59 for her teaching work in Brazil.
||Latin America; Para (Belem); Brazil
|1921 1 Feb
||Leonora Holsapple Armstrong, the first Bahá'í pioneer in Latin America, arrived in Rio de Janeiro. She had departed New York on the SS Vasari on the 15th of January. [Baha'iBlog]
See a talk by Kristine Ascunsion Young, the great-grand niece of Leonora Holsapple Armstrong. The discourse begins at about 2:30.
||Rio de Janeiro; Brazil
||Leonora Holsapple Armstrong
|1940 (In the year)
||The first local spiritual assembly in Brazil was established in Bahia, with the assistance of Leonora Holsapple Armstrong.
The second Local Spiritual Assembly was formed in Rio de Janeiro and, in 1946 the third, in São Paulo. [Biographical Profile]
||Bahia; Brazil; Rio de Janeiro; Brazil; São Paulo; Brazil
||Leonora Holsapple Armstrong; Local Spiritual Assembly, formation
||The National Spiritual Assembly of Brazil was formed. [BW13:258]
||National Spiritual Assembly, formation
|1973 (In the year)
||Leonora Armstrong was appointed to the Continental Board of Counsellors. [Biographical Profile]
||Counsellors; Leonora Holsapple Armstrong
|1977 (In the year)
||The first Macuxi people to become Bahá’ís enrolled in the northern state of Roraima, Brazil.
|1977 27 – 30 Jan
||An International Teaching Conference was held in Bahia, Brazil, attended by 1,300 Bahá’ís, the largest such gathering of Bahá’ís to date in Brazil. [BW17:81; VV33]
For the message of the Universal House of Justice see BW17:137–8.
For pictures see BW17:110, 124–5.
||Bahia; Brazil; Latin America
||Conferences, Bahai; Conferences, Teaching; Conferences, International; Teaching
|1980. Oct (Mid)
||The First Latin American Bahá'í Women's Conference was held in Brasilia at the Convention Centre.
Leonera Armstrong, on her deathbed in Salvador, Bahia at the time, addressed the conference via a message recorded on cassette tape.
Woman, light of the future generation - when we, the women of the world, reflect on the true meaning of this theme that was chosen and as its full meaning penetrates more and more deeply into the conscience of each woman, we must understand that affectionate, that supreme privilege is ours and that inescapable duty is ours, and so we must rise as never before, to fulfill our first obligation. Women know that they are the first educators of humanity ...
|Brasilia; Bahia; Brazil; Latin America
||Latin American Bahai Womens Conference; Conferences, Women; Conferences; Leonora Holsapple Armstrong
|1980 17 Oct
||Leonora Stirling Holsapple Armstrong, (b.June 23, 1895, Hudson, New York), the ‘spiritual mother of South America’ and the first Latin American pioneer, passed away in the city of Salvador in Bahia, Brazil. She had served on the Continental Board of Counsellors from her appointment in 1973. [Mess63-86p248; BW18:738; VV32]
For her obituary see BW18:733–738.
See Armstrong, Counsellor Leonora: A Loving Portrait by Kristine Leonard Asuncion. Brief biographical sketch of Counsellor Armstrong, the "Spiritual Mother of South America" .
See FMH40-41 for the story of how she was inspired to go pioneering as told to Doris and Willard McKay. (She had been a classmate of Willard's sister Marguerite at Cornell University.)
||Leonora Holsapple Armstrong; Names and titles; In Memoriam
|1985 30 Apr - 1 May
||The first annual conference of the Association for Bahá’í Studies, Brazil, took place in Saõ Paulo. [BW19:358]
||Sao Paulo; Brazil; Latin America
||Bahai Studies, Associations for; Conferences, Bahai; Conferences, Bahai studies; First conferences
|1986 6 Aug
||The Brazilian Society of Physicians for Peace is formed by Bahá’í physicians in Pôrto Alegre at a ceremony attended by 120 medical professionals. [BINS159:2–3]
||Porto Alegre; Brazil
||Bahai associations; Conferences, Health
||The United Nations Secretary-General designated the Bahá’í International Community and the National Spiritual Assemblies of Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Kenya and Lesotho as Peace Messengers, an honour given to only 300 organizations worldwide for their support of the UN Year of Peace 1986. [BINS173:4]
||New York; United States; Australia; Belgium; Brazil; Kenya; Lesotho
||United Nations; Bahai International Community; International Year of Peace; Peace
||The National Spiritual Assembly of Brazil submitted proposals based on Bahá’í principles such as human rights to the National Constitutional Assembly drafting the new constitution. [BINS174:2]
Favourable responses were received from 46 Senators and Deputies. [BINS174:2]
||National Spiritual Assembly; Constitutions
|1990 Jan – Feb
||The Brazilian Society of Educators for Peace, conceived and initiated by Bahá'ís, is officially recognized by the Amazonas State Government. [BINS219:3]
||Bahai associations; Peace; Education
||The first indigenous local spiritual assembly of Amazonas State, Brazil, was formed among the Mura tribe in Beruri. [BINS223:71]
||Beruri; Amazonas State; Brazil
||Indigenous people; Local Spiritual Assembly; Firsts, Other
|1990 4 Jun
||The 1st International Exposition on Education for Peace sponsored by the National Spiritual Assembly was held in Brasilia, Brazil. Twenty-three embassies and educational institutes participated. [AWH88, BINS226:1]
||Exhibitions; Education; Peace
|1991 Dec 20
||A Bahá'í Monument for Peace was inaugurated in a ceremony held in Florianopolis, Brazil. [BINS266:1]
||Bahai Monument for Peace
|1992 28 May
||Ibsen Valls Pinheiro, President of the Federal Chamber of Deputies of Brazil, opened a special session of the Chamber called to observe the Centenary of the Ascension of Bahá'u'lláh, attended by 45 federal deputies. [BINS271:2; BW92–3:121]
For picture see BW92–3:122. Note: VV133 says this was 29 May.
||Ibsen Valls Pinheiro; Bahaullah, Ascension of; Centenaries
|1992 May 29
||The Chamber of Deputies of the government of Brazil paid homage to Bahá’u’lláh. [Bahá'í Newsreel Volume 3 Number 2] [UHJMessage 30Mar92]
The tribute to Bahá'u'lláh was paid at a plenary session of that body and following that session members joined Post Office officials in the formal launching of a commemorative postage stamp. [VV133]
||Bahaullah, Passing of; Holy Years; Stamps
|1992 1 - 14 Jun
||Bahá'ís from many countries participated in the United Nations Conference on the Environment (UNCED), known as the Earth Summit, and the Global Forum for non-governmental organizations in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. [BINS272:1–3; BW92–3:124; VV110]
The Bahá'í International Community delegation was extremely active in the Global Forum, promoting a holistic approach in negotiations on the Earth Charter; as well, it was the only religious nongovernmental organization to make a statement to the Summit's plenary session.
For a report of the Bahá'í involvement at the Earth Summit see BW92–3:177–89.
For the text of the statement of' the Bahá'í International Community read at the plenary session see BW92–3:191–2.
For pictures see BW92–3:179, 183, 186.
||Rio de Janeiro; Brazil
||Earth Summit; United Nations Summits; United Nations conferences; United Nations; Environment; Bahai International Community; BIC statements
|1992 5 Jun
||The Bahá'í Vocational Institute for Rural Women, a non-profit education project based in Indore, India, was one of 74 individuals and institutions presented with the United Nations Environment Programme ‘Global 500' award in Rio de Janeiro. [BINS272:5; BW92–3:125; VV110]
For picture see BW92–3:183.
||Rio de Janeiro; Brazil; Indore; India
||Bahai Vocational Institute for Rural Women; Women; Social and economic development; United Nations; Environment; Awards
|2000 19 Sep
||In a ceremony, the final earth samples from 26 nations were deposited in the Peace Monument, which was built by the Bahá'í International Community and the Bahá'í Community of Brazil in 1992 for the 1992 Earth Summit. Designed by the renowned Brazilian sculptor Siron Franco, the five-meter concrete and ceramic monument is located near the entrance to the Santos Dumont Airport in Rio de Janeiro, just north of Flamengo Park and the site of the 1992 Global Forum, the parallel conference of non-governmental organizations held during the 1992 Earth Summit, which was formally known as the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development. [BWNS85]
||Rio de Janeiro; Brazil
||Earth Summit; United Nations Summits; United Nations conferences; United Nations; Environment; Peace Monument; Monuments; Earth; BWNS; Bahai International Community
|2001 4 Jan
||The passing of Dr. Victor de Araujo of Vista, NY at the age of 78 years. He was born near London, England and spent his childhood and youth in Brazil. He came to the United Stated in 1946 as a vice consul to the Brazilian Consulate in Chicago. From 1967-1990, Dr. de Araujo served as a Representative of the Bahá'í International Community to the United Nations. In his years in this position he represented the Bahá'í International Community both at the United Nations headquarters and at numerous conferences around the world. He also participated in the preparation of Bahá'í statements on human rights, the environment, and the equality of men and women, which were presented to the United Nations. [Bahá'í Announce 5Jan2001; BW00-01p269-270]
||London; United Kingdom; Brazil; New York; United States
||Bahai International Community; United Nations; In Memoriam; Victor de Araujo
|2005 (In the year)
||In Brazil, eleven leaders of thought were invited to study and comment on the initial concept paper developed by the Institute (Institute for Studies in Global Prosperity). These comments were gathered in a book which was published and disseminated around the country and used to stimulate discussions in seminars with small groups of participants. [One Country Issue 3, Vol 17, Story 8]
The book, edited by Iradj Roberto Eghrari, can be downloaded at Ciência, Religião e Desenvolvimento: Perspectivas para o Brasil (Science Religion and Development: Perspectives for Brazil)
||Institute for Studies in Global Prosperity (ISGP)
|2008 20 – 21 Dec
||Regional Conferences were held in Kuching, Malaysia and São Paulo, Brazil. [BWNS683]
||Kuching; Malaysia; Sao Paulo; Brazil
||Regional Conferences; BWNS
|2011 18 Jun
||Representatives from government, religious communities and civil society organizations were among the 800 human rights supporters who gathered to call upon Iran to cease its persecution of Bahá'ís and other religious minorities. Almost 8,000 images depicting the faces of Iran's seven imprisoned Baha'i leaders (Yaran) were on display on the Copacabana beach, corresponding to the number of days of detention the seven had suffered after three years in prison. [BWNS834]
Photo 1, Photo 2, and Photo 3.
||Rio de Janeiro; Brazil
|2012. 19 Jun
||Over 100 people gathered to mark the re-dedication of the “Peace Monument,” which contains soil brought from nearly 150 countries and is a symbolic representation of the oneness of humanity and the global cooperation needed to achieve lasting peace. The monument was built by the Bahá'í International Community and the Bahá'í Community of Brazil in 1992 for the 1992 Earth Summit. Members of the Baha'i International Community’s delegation attending were: Duncan Hanks, Daniel Perell, May Akale, Ming Hwee Chong, Peter Adriance.
[One Country; BIC HIstory 2012]
||Rio De Janeiro; Brazil
||United Nations; Bahai International Community; Peace Monument; Duncan Hanks; Daniel Perell; May Akale, Ming Hwee Chong; Peter Adriance; Earth Summit
|2014 6 Jun
||At her request, the Universal House of Justice sent a message to Her Excellency Ms. Dilma Rousseff, President of the Federative Republic of Brazil on the occasion of the World Cup of football. [BWNS]
||Sport; Dilma Rousseff; BWNS
|2018 15 Nov
||The passing of Shapoor Monadjem, (b. 3 October, 1933, Shiraz, Iran) at his last pioneer post in Maringá, Brazil. He had been a member of the International Teaching Center, a pioneer and member of the National Spiritual Assembly of the Bahá'ís of Brazil (1963-1983), a Continental Councillor (1983-1993) as well as a Deputy Trustee of Ḥuqúqu’lláh.
||Shapoor Monadjem; International Teaching Centre; Counsellors; In Memoriam